The city is located in the northwest of the Putumayo department. The municipality borders the departments of Nariño to the west and Cauca to the north.
Plaza Central Mocoa in 2013
The Head of Putumayo
Location of the town and municipality of Mocoa in Putumayo Department.
|Foundation||March 6, 1551|
|• Mayor||Jose Antonio Castro|
|• Total||1,030 km2 (400 sq mi)|
|Elevation||604 m (1,982 ft)|
|• Density||35/km2 (91/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-05 (Eastern Time Zone)|
From December 2016 and continuing until May 2017, much of western and central South America was plagued by persistent heavy rain events. In Peru, one of the most severely impacted nations, it has been referred to as the 2017 Coastal Niño (Spanish: La Niño costero de 2017). The flooding was preceded by drought-like conditions throughout the region for much of 2016 and a strong warming of sea temperatures off the coast of Peru.2017 Mocoa landslide
The Mocoa landslide was a natural disaster that took place in 2017. During the pre-dawn hours of 1 April 2017, locally heavy rain triggered flash flooding and landslides in the city of Mocoa, Putumayo, Colombia, killing at least 254 people, injuring 332, and leaving 70 others missing. It is the third-deadliest weather-related disaster in Colombian history, and is regarded as the worst catastrophe in the history of Mocoa.Antonio García (ELN commander)
Antonio García nom de guerre of Eliécer Erlington Chamorro Acosta (born 10 January 1956 in Mocoa, Putumayo Department), one of the main commanders of the Ejército de Liberación Nacional (usually abbreviated to ELN), or National Liberation Army.
The ELN is a revolutionary, Marxist, insurgent guerrilla group that has been operating in several regions of Colombia since 1966. Less known than the FARC, it is estimated to be smaller, having between 3,500 and 5,000 armed personnel.
It is said that Jacobo Arenas (the "nom de guerre" of Luis Morantes), a founder and ideological leader of the FARC-EP, was seen as hero by the García, who once stated in an interview to a Latin American journalist that he considered Arenas to be a hero, just as he considered Simón Bolívar, José Martí and Che Guevara to be heroes.
On May 26, 2008 Ecuadorean and Colombian media reported the arrest of García in Ecuador. The Ecuadorean military said they "probably" did have him in custody, but needed to do more investigation to be sure. The arrest proved to be a mistake. The arrested guerrilla was identified as Willington Claro Arévalo, alias 'Antonio'.Baltasar Maldonado
Baltasar Maldonado, also written as Baltazar Maldonado, (?, Salamanca, Castile - 1552, Bogotá, New Kingdom of Granada) was a Spanish conquistador who first served under Sebastian de Belalcázar in the conquest of Quito and Peru, the foundations of Cali and Popayán, and later in the army of Hernán Pérez de Quesada in the Spanish conquest of the Muisca.Baltasar Maldonado is known as the conquistador who defeated the last ruling main cacique of the Muisca: Tundama, whom he killed with a large hammer in late December 1539. Subsequently, Baltasar Maldonado took part in the Quest for El Dorado led by Hernán Pérez de Quesada in the southern regions of present-day Colombia. After this failed expedition, where many of the Spanish soldiers died of diseases, poisoned arrows and drowning in the numerous rivers of the Llanos Orientales and western Amazon River basin, Baltasar Maldonado returned to Popayán and Cali and traveled back to Bogotá, the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada where he died in 1552.The adventures of Baltasar Maldonado during the first half of the 16th century have been described by scholars Juan de Castellanos and Juan Rodríguez Freyle in his work El Carnero.Camsá language
Camsá (Kamsá, Kamse), also Mocoa, Sibundoy, Coche, or Kamemtxa / Camëntsëá, is a language isolate of Colombia.
Camsá is a polysynthetic language with prefixes and suffixes. It also has dual number, which is unusual for languages around it.Carlia tetradactyla
Carlia tetradactyla is a small species of colorful lizard found in Australia.
A synonym for the species is Mocoa tetradactyla, published with a description by A. W. E. O'Shaughnessy in 1879.Common names include the southern rainbow-skink.
Distribution range includes the states of Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland. The type locality is labelled as Queensland, but this is uncertain.Cauca State
Cauca State was one of the states of Colombia.
Today the area of the former state makes up most of modern-day west and southern Colombia, with some portion of its vast territories acquired by present-day Peru, Brazil, Ecuador and Venezuela.Eastern Frontal Fault System
The Eastern Frontal Fault System (Spanish: Sistema de Fallas de la Falla Frontal de la Cordillera Oriental) is a megaregional system of oblique and thrust faults cross-cutting Colombia from Ecuador in the south to Venezuela in the north. The system from south to north covers ten out of 32 departments of Colombia; Nariño, Putumayo, Cauca, Huila, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Meta, Boyacá, Casanare and Arauca. The Eastern Frontal Fault System underlies and affects the capitals of Putumayo, Mocoa, Caquetá, Florencia, Meta, Villavicencio and Casanare, Yopal. The fault system has a total length of 921.4 kilometres (572.5 mi) with a cumulative length of the faults of 1,821.8 kilometres (1,132.0 mi) and runs along an average northeast to southwest strike of 042.1 ± 19 bordering and crossing the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes. The fault system forms the boundary between the North Andes microplate and the South American Plate.
Several segments of the fault system are active, with major earthquakes occurring in historical times. The 1827 Timaná (Mw 7.7), 1834 Sibundoy (Mw 7.0), 1917 Sumapaz (Mw 7.3), 1967 Neiva (Mw 7.2), 1995 Tauramena (Mw 6.5) and 2008 El Calvario earthquakes (Mw 5.6) are associated with movement of the fault system.Jorge Daniel Castro
Jorge Daniel Castro Castro (born 1950 in Mocoa, Putumayo) is a Colombian former General of the Colombian National Police and business administrator graduated from the Cooperative University and the Inter-American Defense College. Castro served in the National Police for 38 years and worked in many National Police post around Colombia, including Bolívar, Tolima, Quindío, Nariño, Magdalena and Risaralda, and San Andres Island, .He was Department Police Commander in Amazonas, Caldas, Santander and the Metropolitan Area of Medellín this last one for nine months. On September 3, 2002 Castro was then assigned commander of the Metropolitan Area of Bogotá and on November 12, 2003 he became General Director of the National Police.North Andes Plate
The North Andes Plate is a small tectonic plate located in the northern Andes. It is squeezed between the faster moving South American Plate and the Nazca Plate. Due to the subduction of the Nazca Plate this area is very prone to volcanic and seismic activity.Panama Plate
The Panama Plate is a small tectonic plate sandwiched between the Cocos Plate and Nazca Plate to the south and the Caribbean Plate to the north. Most of its borders are convergent boundaries including a subduction zone to the west. It consists, for the most part, of the nations of Panama and Costa Rica.Puerto Asís
Puerto Asís (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpweɾto aˈsis]) is a Colombian city in Putumayo Department. It is located on the west bank of the Putumayo River, downstream from the mouth of the Guamués River, 75 km by road south of (Cardinal) Mocoa. It is one of the department's largest cities, with a population of nearly 70,000.Putumayo Department
Putumayo (Spanish pronunciation: [putuˈmaʝo]) is a department of Colombia. It is in the south-west of the country, bordering Ecuador and Peru. Its capital is Mocoa.
The word putumayo comes from the Quechua languages. The verb p'utuy means "to spring forth" or "to burst out", and mayu means river. Thus it means "gushing river".Roman Catholic Diocese of Ipiales
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Ipiales (Latin: Ipialensis) is a suffragan diocese located in the Latin rite Ecclesiastical province of Popayán, in southern Colombia.Roman Catholic Diocese of Mocoa–Sibundoy
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Mocoa–Sibundoy (Latin: Mocoën(sis)-Sibundoyen(sis)) is a diocese located in the cities of Mocoa and Sibundoy in the Ecclesiastical province of Florencia in Colombia.Serranía de los Churumbelos
Serranía de Los Churumbelos Auka-Wasi National Natural Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Natural Serranía de Los Churumbelos Auka-Wasi) was declared on 30 August 2007 by the Colombian government. It is located in the Bota Caucana of southern Colombia. Three biological expeditions conducted rapid biodiversity surveys and conservation assessments in Serranía de los Churumbelos from 1998 to 2000. The results from the expeditions were published by Fundacion ProAves in Conservacion Colombiana in 2007. These studies raised interest in the region and laid the justification for the protection of this spectacular mountain range.Siona people
The Siona people (also known as Sioni, Pioje, or Pioche-Sioni) are an indigenous ethnic group living in the Ecuadorian Amazon or Oriente (est. population 250 in Ecuador (2000 Juncosa)), and in Putumayo Department in Colombia (est. population 300 in Colombia (1982 SIL)). They share territory along the Shushufindi, Aguarico, and Cuyabeno river with the Secoya people, with whom they are sometimes considered a single population.
The Siona language is a Tucanoan language.
The Siona people are organized politically through the National Organization of Seona Indigenous People of Ecuador (ONISE), whose president as of July 1996 was William Criollo.
According to Richard Evan Schultes, Where The Gods Reign, p. 27, the "Siona are one of the western Tukanoan groups and live in the Comissaria del Putamayo in the region of Mocoa." I lived in this area in the summer of 1961 with members of the Summer Institute of Linguistics. Our home was on the Ecuador side of the Putamayo River and the Siona lived on both sides of the river.
The Siona live in Sucumbios Province in Ecuador, mainly in the Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve and in the Department of Putumayo along the Putumayo River. Besides some traditional activities for subsistence, they have been participating in the tourism activities since the 1990s. Nevertheless, their participation in the tourism sector has generated various sociocultural and economic changes such as immigration to neighboring cities, gender issues, economic dependency on tourism revenues.Villa Garzón Airport
Villa Garzón Airport (IATA: VGZ, ICAO: SKVG) is an airport serving Villa Garzón, a town in the Putumayo Department of Colombia, also serving the town of Mocoa. The airport is 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of Villa Garzón.
The Orito non-directional beacon (Ident: ORI) is located 22.6 nautical miles (42 km) southwest of the airport. The Pasto VOR-DME (Ident: PSO) is located 48.2 nautical miles (89 km) west-northwest of Villa Garzón Airport.
Municipalities in the Putumayo Department