Miyagi Prefecture

Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県 Miyagi-ken) is a prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan.[1] The capital is Sendai.[2]

Miyagi Prefecture

宮城県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese宮城県
 • RōmajiMiyagi-ken
Flag of Miyagi Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Miyagi Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Miyagi Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
IslandHonshu
CapitalSendai
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 35
Government
 • GovernorYoshihiro Murai
Area
 • Total7,282.22 km2 (2,811.68 sq mi)
Area rank17th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total2,305,596
 • Rank15th
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-04
Websitewww.pref.miyagi.jp
Symbols
BirdWild goose
FlowerMiyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii)
TreeJapanese zelkova
(Zelkova serrata)

History

Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu.[3] Mutsu Province, on northern Honshu, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital was at Taga-jō in modern Miyagi Prefecture.

In the third month of the second year of the Wadō era (709), there was an uprising against governmental authority in Mutsu Province and in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were promptly dispatched to subdue the revolt.[4]

In Wadō 5 (712), the land of Mutsu Province was administratively separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province; and Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.[4]

During the Sengoku period various clans ruled different parts of the province. The Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south, the Nanbu clan at Morioka in the north, and Date Masamune, a close ally of the Tokugawa, established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.

In the Meiji period, four new provinces were created from parts of Mutsu: Rikuchū, Rikuzen, Iwaki, and Iwashiro.

The area that is now Aomori Prefecture continued to be part of Mutsu until the abolition of the han system and the nationwide conversion to the prefectural structure of modern Japan.

Date Masamune built a castle at Sendai as his seat to rule Mutsu. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area.[5] The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 meters high in Miyagi Prefecture.[6]

On April 7, 2011, a 7.4-magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Miyagi, Japan. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at that time.

Officials from the U.S. Geological Survey later downgraded the magnitude to 7.1 from 7.4.[7]

In 2013, Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako visited the prefecture to see the progress made since the tsunami.[8]

Geography

Map of Miyagi Prefecture Ja
Map of Miyagi Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.

Matsushima is known as one of the three most scenic views of Japan, with a bay full of 260 small islands covered in pine groves.

Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.

As of 31 March 2019, 24% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanriku Fukkō National Park; Kurikoma and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Abukuma Keikoku, Asahiyama, Funagata Renpō, Futakuchi Kyōkoku, Kenjōsan Mangokuura, Kesennuma, Matsushima, and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.[9][10]

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Miyagi Prefecture:

  • Sendai - the largest and the capital city of the prefecture.

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.

As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 4.7% of Japan's rice, 23% of oysters, and 15.9% of sauries.[11]

In July 2011, the Japanese government decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination.[12] This has since been rescinded.

Education

University

Transportation

Sendai sta03s3872
Sendai Station in August 2010

Rail

Roads

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

Ports

  • Sendai Port – Ferry route to Tomakomai, Hokkaido and Nagoya, container hub port
  • Ishinomaki Port – Ferry route to Mount Kinka, Tashiro Island and Tashiro Island.
  • Matsushima Bay

Airports

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Miyagi Prefecture.

Also, the Sendai Hi-Land Raceway hosts motorsport road races.

Visitor attractions

Sendai was the castle town of the daimyō Date Masamune. The remains of Sendai Castle stand on a hill above the city.

Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.

The following are also noted as attractions:

  • Naruko Hot Spring
  • Rikuchu Coast
  • Okama Crater Lake
  • Zao Botanical Garden
  • Zao Hot Spring

Famous festivals and events

Suzumeodori070520
Suzume Dancing Event in Aoba Festival
Sendaiaoba070520
Aoba Festival of Sendai
SendaiHatsuuri-crowd2
View of Traditional New Year's sale in Sendai
  • Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
  • Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
  • Aoba Festival, Suzume Odori traditional Japanese dance event in May
  • Shiogama Port Festival in July
  • Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
  • Narugo Kokeshi Festival in September
  • Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyagi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 648, p. 648, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970, p. 970, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Sendai" in p. 841, p. 841, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
  5. ^ "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east". BBC News. March 11, 2011. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011.
  6. ^ Williams, Martyn. "Report from Japan: Impact of Tsunami Devastates Nation's Northeast". voanews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  7. ^ "CBS News World". April 7, 2011. Archived from the original on 8 April 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
  8. ^ "Crown Prince Naruhito, Princess Masako visit tsunami victims in Miyagi". Japan Daily Press. Archived from the original on 2013-08-24.
  9. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  10. ^ 宮城県の自然公園 [Natural Parks in Miyagi Prefecture] (in Japanese). Miyagi Prefecture. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  11. ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying Archived 2011-04-20 at the Wayback Machine", Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
  12. ^ http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=710867&publicationSubCategoryId=200

References

External links

Coordinates: 38°21′N 140°58′E / 38.350°N 140.967°E

Abukuma River

The Abukuma River (阿武隈川, Abukuma-gawa), with a length of 234 km (145 mi), is the second longest river in the Tōhoku region of Japan and the 6th longest river in Japan. It runs through Fukushima Prefecture and Miyagi Prefecture, rising from springs in the peaks of the Nasu mountains, collecting water from tributaries leaving the Ōu Mountains and the Abukuma Highlands (阿武隈高地, Abukuma-kōchi), then emptying into the Pacific Ocean as a major river. It has a 5,390 km² area watershed, and about 1.2 million people live along its basin.The Abukuma River flows north through Fukushima Prefecture's Nakadōri region, past the cities of Shirakawa, Sukagawa, Kōriyama, Nihonmatsu, Date, and Fukushima. The portion of the river flowing between Nihonmatsu and Fukushima forms a deep ravine called Hōrai-kyō (蓬莱峡). Crossing the northern edge of the long but low Abukuma hills, the Abukuma River then flows into Miyagi Prefecture, past the city of Kakuda and between Iwanuma and Watari before reaching the Pacific. Abukuma has a tributary called the Arakawa River.

Arikabe Station

Arikabe Station (有壁駅, Arikabe-eki) is a railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line in the city of Kurihara, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Atago Station (Miyagi)

Atago Station (愛宕駅, Atago-eki) is a railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line in the town of Matsushima, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Higashimatsushima

Higashi-Matsushima (東松島市, Higashimatsushima-shi) is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 39,236 and a population density of 387 persons per km². The total area of the city is 101.36 square kilometres (39.14 sq mi).

Hitomebore Stadium Miyagi

Hitomebore Stadium Miyagi (ひとめぼれスタジアム宮城, Hitomebore Sutajiamu Miyagi) (formerly Miyagi Stadium, renamed on April 1, 2014 for naming rights), is an athletic and football stadium in the town of Rifu in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. The stadium's capacity is 49,133. The crescent-shaped roof extending past the edge of the stadium is meant to evoke images of Date Masamune, a daimyō of Mutsu Province, which included the present-day Miyagi Prefecture.

Miyagi Stadium hosted three matches in the 2002 World Cup, and also hosted the 56th National Sports Festival of Japan in 2001. It is one of the planned football venues for the 2020 Summer Olympics.In addition, Miyagi Stadium also hosted six matches at the 2012 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup and it would become the first stadium (and to date the only stadium) to have hosted matches at both a men's FIFA World Cup and a women's FIFA U-20 World Cup.

The football field is surrounded by a nine-lane track. A large video screen and scoreboard is installed in the northern end.

Iwanuma Station

Iwanuma Station (岩沼駅, Iwanuma-eki) is a railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line in Iwanuma, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Japan National Route 45

National Route 45 (国道45号, Kokudō Shijūgogō) is a national highway of Japan connecting Aoba-ku, Sendai and Aomori, Aomori. Alongside Japan National Route 6, it is a main route along the Pacific coast of eastern Japan. It is paralleled closely by the incomplete Sanriku Expressway between Sendai and Hachinohe.

Kasuminome Air Field

Kasuminome Air Field (霞目飛行場, Kasuminome Hikōjō) (ICAO: RJSU) is a military aerodrome of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Camp Kasuminome (霞目駐屯地, Kasuminome Chūtonchi). It is located 2.7 NM (5.0 km; 3.1 mi) southeast of Sendai in the Miyagi Prefecture, Japan.

The air field was opened in 1937 as the Sendai Air Field (仙台飛行場, Sendai Hikojo) by the Imperial Japanese Army, and was the location of an air crew training facility. It was called "Lanier Airfield" by the Allied Powers during the Occupation of Japan.

Katsuhiro Otomo

Katsuhiro Otomo (大友 克洋, Ōtomo Katsuhiro, born April 14, 1954) is a Japanese manga artist, screenwriter and film director. He is best known as the creator of the manga Akira and its animated film adaptation. He was decorated a Chevalier of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 2005, promoted to Officier of the order in 2014, became the fourth manga artist ever inducted into the American Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 2012, and was awarded the Purple Medal of Honor from the Japanese government in 2013. Otomo later received the Winsor McCay Award at the 41st Annie Awards in 2014 and the 2015 Grand Prix de la ville d'Angoulême, the first manga artist to receive the award.

Kesennuma

Kesennuma (気仙沼市, Kesennuma-shi) is a city in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 61,112 and a population density of 184 inhabitants per square kilometre (480/sq mi) in 26,429 households. The total area of the city is 332.44 square kilometres (128.36 sq mi). Large sections of the city were destroyed by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami and major fires on March 11, 2011.

Kita-Shirakawa Station

Kita-ShirakawaStation (北白川駅, Kita-Shirakawa-eki) is a railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line in the city of Shiroishi, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Kosugō Station

Kosugō Station (越河駅, Kosugō-eki) is a railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line in the city of Shiroishi, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

List of mergers in Miyagi Prefecture

Here is a list of mergers in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan since the Heisei era.

Masao Maruyama (film producer)

Masao Maruyama (丸山 正雄, Maruyama Masao, born June 19, 1941) is a Japanese anime producer, the co-founder, and board of directors member of animation studio Madhouse, one of the leading animation production companies in the world. Born in Shiogama, Miyagi Prefecture, he is a 40-plus year veteran of the animation business.

Natori River

The Natori River (名取川, Natorigawa) is a river located in central Miyagi prefecture, in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. It starts at Mount Kamuro in the Ōu Mountains and flows in an easterly direction through the cities of Natori and Sendai. The river's headwaters start in the Zao Mountain range, it flows through the Sendai Plain and ends by draining into Sendai Bay. The river's estuary is located on Japan's east coast, and faces the Pacific Ocean. The river's flow is the greatest during the snow melt season from March – April, the rainy season from June – July and during the typhoon season from September – October. The river's length is 55 km, and its tributaries are the Hirose, Masuda and Goishi Rivers. The Natori provides water for 1 million people in the city of Sendai.

Sanriku Expressway

The Sanriku Expressway (三陸自動車道, Sanriku Jidōsha-dō) is an incomplete expressway that exists in multiple segments in Miyagi Prefecture and Iwate Prefecture, Japan. The expressway connects Sendai, the capital and largest city in Miyagi Prefecture, to Miyako in Iwate Prefecture. It follows the coast of the Pacific Ocean in the northern parts of the Tōhoku region, otherwise known as the Sanriku Coast. It is owned and operated by East Nippon Expressway Company (NEXCO East Japan), the Miyagi Prefecture Road Corporation, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT). The route is signed as an auxiliary route of National Route 45 as well as E6 and E45 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering." It is one of three routes numbered E45, the other two are the Sanriku-kita Jūkan Road and the Hachinohe-Kuji Expressway, and one of many routes numbered E6, although the Sanriku Expressway only carries the number close to its southern terminus in Sendai. When completed, all of these routes will form an expressway that travels from the Tokyo Gaikan Expressway in Saitama Prefecture along the Pacific Coast to Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture.

Sendai Subway

The Sendai Subway (仙台市地下鉄, Sendai-shi Chikatetsu) is a rapid transit system in Sendai, Japan. It is operated by the Sendai City Transportation Bureau. The subway consists of two lines, the north-south Namboku Line, which opened in July 1987, and the east-west Tozai Line, which opened in December 2015.The subway was damaged in the 11 March 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami and shut down. It reopened on 29 April 2011.

Sportsland Sugo

Sportsland Sugo (スポーツランドSUGO, Supōtsurando Sugo) is a motorsports facility in the town of Murata, Shibata District, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. It opened in 1975 and is one of the largest motorsports facilities in Japan, with a total area of 2.1 million m². It offers four specialized race courses - a road racing course, a motocross course, a trials course, and a go-kart course.

Tatekoshi Station

Tatekoshi Station (館腰駅, Tatekoshi-eki) is a railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line in the city of Natori, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East). Until the introduction of the Sendai Airport Access Line, it was the most direct point of access to Sendai Airport by a connecting bus service. The bus service still operates.

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