Miriam Allen deFord

Miriam Allen deFord (August 21, 1888 – February 22, 1975) was an American writer best known for her mysteries and science fiction. During the 1920s, she wrote for a number of left-wing magazines including The Masses, The Liberator, and the Federated Press.[1] Her short story "A Death in the Family" appeared on Night Gallery's second season appearing in Episode Two segment One with Desi Arnez Jr.


Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, she worked as a newspaper reporter for a time and, in the early 1900s, was also a campaigner and disseminator of birth control information to women. Her feminist work is documented in From Parlor to Prison: Five American Suffragists Talk About Their Lives, edited by Sherna B. Gluck. Interviewed for the League of American Writers pamphlet Writers Take Sides, DeFord expressed strong support for the Spanish Republic. DeFord added "I am unalterably and actively opposed to fascism, Nazism, Hitlerism, Hirohitoism, or whatever name may be applied to the monster".[2]

She spent perhaps the most energy in mystery fiction and science fiction. Hence she did several anthologies in mystery and crime writing. In 1968, she wrote The Real Bonnie and Clyde.

She also wrote The Overbury Affair, which involves events during the reign of James I of Britain surrounding the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury. For the latter work she received a 1961 Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Fact Crime book. She worked for Humanist magazine and she was one of the signers of the Humanist Manifesto.[3]

However, in 1949, The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction began with Anthony Boucher as editor. Anthony Boucher wrote science fiction and fantasy but also garnered attention in the mystery field as well. This gave his magazine some cross-over appeal to mystery writers like Ms. deFord. Hence much of her science fiction first appeared in Boucher's magazine. Her stories there dealt with themes like nuclear devastation, alienation, and changing sexual roles. Her two collections are Elsewhere, Elsewhen, Elsehow and Xenogenesis. She also edited an anthology of stories mixing science fiction with mystery called Space, Time, and Crime.

DeFord was also a passionate Fortean, a follower of Charles Fort, and did fieldwork for him. DeFord is mentioned in Fort's book Lo! Shortly before her death in 1975, Fortean writer Loren Coleman visited Ms. deFord frequently and interviewed her about her earlier interactions with Fort and her trips to Chico, California, to investigate the case of a poltergeist rock-thrower on Fort's behalf.

DeFord died February 22, 1975, aged 86, at her longtime home, the Ambassador Hotel at 55 Mason Street in San Francisco.

In 2008, The Library of America selected deFord's story of the Leopold and Loeb trial for inclusion in its two-century retrospective of American True Crime.

She was married to Maynard Shipley from 1921 until his death in June 1934.[4]



Science Fiction:

  • Xenogenesis (1969)
  • Elsewhere, Elsewhen, Elsehow (1971)


  • The Theme is Murder (1967)
  • La Maison fantastique (1988)

Anthologies containing stories by Miriam Allen deFord

  • The Lyrics West, Volume 1 (1921)
  • The Queen's Awards: Series 4 - prize-winning detective stories from EQMM (1949)
  • Star Science Fiction Stories, No. 4 (1958)
  • Star Science Fiction Stories, No. 6 (1959)
  • The Lethal Sex: The 1959 Anthology of the Mystery Writers of America (1959)
  • Tales for a Rainy Night: 14th Mystery Writers of America Anthology (1961)
  • The Fifth Galaxy Reader (1962)
  • The Quality of Murder: 300 Years of True Crime (1962)
  • Rogue Dragon (1965)
  • Alfred Hitchcock's Monster Museum: Twelve Shuddery Stories for Daring Young Readers (1965)
  • Best Detective Stories of the Year: 20th Annual Collection (1965)
  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Stories Not For the Nervous (1965)
  • Dangerous Visions (1967)
  • Gentle Invaders (1969)
  • Crime Prevention in the 30th Century (1969)
  • Boucher's Choicest : A Collection of Anthony Boucher's Favorites from Best Detective Stories of the Year (1969)
  • With Malice Toward All (1970)
  • Worlds of Maybe: 7 Stories of Science Fiction (1970)
  • 15 Science Fiction Stories - a subset of Dangerous Visions reprinted in German (1970)
  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Scream Along With Me (1970)
  • New Dimensions 2: Eleven Original Science Fiction Stories (1972)
  • Two Views of Wonder (1973)
  • The Alien Condition (1973)
  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents: More Stories Not For the Nervous (1973)
  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents: Stories to be Read With the Lights On (1973)
  • Omega (1974)
  • Strange Bedfellows (1974)
  • The Venus Factor (1977)
  • Terrors, Torments and Traumas (reprint, 1978)
  • Nature's Revenge: Eerie Stories of Revolt Against the Human Race (1978)
  • Spirits, Spooks and Other Sinister Creatures (reprint, 1984)
  • Killer Couples: Terrifying True Stories of the World's Deadliest Duos" (1987)
  • Trois saigneurs de la nuit - (Vol. 3, 1988)
  • The Lady Killers: Famous Women Murderers (1990)
  • New Eves: Science Fiction About the Extraordinary Women of Today and Tomorrow (1994)
  • Women Resurrected: Stories from Women Science Fiction Writers of the 50s (2011)
  • Troubled Daughters, Twisted Wives: Stories from the Trailblazers of Domestic Suspense (2013)

Magazines containing stories by Miriam Allen deFord

Fact Crime/True Crime

  • The Overbury Affair (1960)
  • The Real Bonnie and Clyde (1968)
  • The Real Ma Barker (1970)

Little Blue Book Series

  • Little Blue Book No. 197: What Great Frenchwomen Learned About Love (1926)
  • Little Blue Book No. 832: The Life and Poems of Catullus (1925)
  • Little Blue Book No. 867: Cicero As Revealed in His Letters (1925)
  • Little Blue Book No. 895: Astronomy for Beginners (1927)
  • Little Blue Book No. 896: The Augustan Poets of Rome (1925) (editor)
  • Little Blue Book No. 899: Rome As Viewed by Tacitus and Juvenal (1925)
  • Little Blue Book No. 999: Latin Self-Taught (1926) (editor)
  • Little Blue Book No. 1009: Typewriting Self-Taught (1926)
  • Little Blue Book No. 1087: The Facts About Fascism (1911)
  • Little Blue Book No. 1088: The Truth About Mussolini (1926)
  • Little Blue Book No. 1174: How To Write Business Letters (1927)
  • Little Blue Book No. 1847: The Meaning of All Common Given Names (1947)



  • Love-Children: A Book of Illustrious Illegitimates (1931)
  • Facts You Should Know About California (1945)
  • California (1946)
  • They Were San Franciscans (1947)
  • Psychologist unretired: the life pattern of Lillien J. Martin (1948)
  • Up-Hill All The Way: The Life of Maynard Shipley (1956)
  • Stone Walls: Prisons from Fetters to Furloughs (1962)
  • Penultimates (1962)
  • Murderers Sane and Mad: Case Histories in the Motivation and Rationale of Murder (1965)
  • Thomas Moore - Twayne's English Authors Series (1967)


  • Space, Time and Crime (1964) - anthology of science fiction


  1. ^ De Leon, Solon (1925). The American Labor Who's Who. New York: Hanford Press. p. 57.
  2. ^ Writers take sides: letters about the war in Spain from 418 American authors. League of American writers, New York, 1938. (p.18-9).
  3. ^ "Humanist Manifesto II". American Humanist Association. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
  4. ^ Dangerous Visions, page 115. (2011)


External links

Ambassador Hotel (San Francisco)

The Ambassador Hotel is a six-story, 134 room single room occupancy hotel at 55 Mason Street in the Tenderloin district of San Francisco, California. The hotel was designed by Earl B. Scott & K. McDonald as the Ferris Harriman Hotel and Theater, and completed in 1911. An addition was completed in 1922, and in 1923 the hotel was renamed Hotel Ambassador. In 1929, the theater was converted to a garage.True crime author Miriam Allen deFord was a noted resident from 1936 until her death in 1975. From 1978 to 1996, the hotel was managed by Hank Wilson, a San Francisco LGBT activist, who made the hotel a model for harm reduction housing.

In 1993, photographer Paul Fusco published a series of photographs of some of the residents living with AIDS.Over many years, the hotel deteriorated. In 1994, KRON, San Francisco's channel 4, aired a documentary about the hotel and its residents called Life and Death at the Ambassador Hotel which documented the hotel's use as harm reduction housing.

During the late 1990s, a collection of activist and labor organizations worked with residents to organize to improve the buildings. The now defunct Eviction Defense Network collaborated with ACT-UP SF to outreach to tenants, resulting in a successful Rent Board decision to lower most of the resident's rents due to dilapidated conditions. The Housing Rights Committee helped connect residents to an attorney who filed a successful class action lawsuit against the landlord. Tenderloin Housing Clinic pursued a strategy of filing complaints through the Department of Building Inspection. These tactics influenced the landlord's decision to sell the property.

In 2000, the property was acquired by Tenderloin Neighborhood Development Corporation (TNDC), a non profit corporation that buys and repairs properties mostly in the San Francisco Tenderloin. Repairs were completed in November 2003, and it now serves as low income housing.

Common Sense (magazine)

Common Sense was a monthly political magazine named after the pamphlet by Thomas Paine and published in the United States between 1932 and 1946.Common Sense was founded in 1932 by two Yale University graduates, Selden Rodman, and Alfred Bingham, son of United States Senator Hiram Bingham III.

It was positioned to the left of liberalism but critical of Communism, with its contributors often being democratic socialists of one kind or another. Politically the magazine tended to support progressive, left-of-center, independent political action in farmer-labor parties.

The magazine attracted a broad range of contributors, largely but not exclusively from the independent left, including Roger N. Baldwin, Carleton Beals, V. F. Calverton, John Chamberlain, Stuart Chase, Miriam Allen DeFord, Lawrence Dennis, John Dewey, John Dos Passos, Theodore Dreiser, John T. Flynn, J. B. S. Hardman, Morris Hillquit, Sidney Hook, Jay Lovestone, H. L. Mencken, Dwight Macdonald, Lewis Mumford, A. J. Muste, James Rorty, Howard Scott, Upton Sinclair, Mary Heaton Vorse, Mary McCarthy, Charles W. Yost, Stephen Spender, and Edmund Wilson.

In his book The Politics of Upheaval, Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. stated that during the early New Deal years of the Great Depression, Common Sense became "the most lively and interesting forum of radical discussion in the country." In 1946 the magazine was absorbed by The American Mercury.

Dangerous Visions

Dangerous Visions is a science fiction short story anthology edited by American writer Harlan Ellison and illustrated by Leo and Diane Dillon. It was published in 1967.

A path-breaking collection, Dangerous Visions helped define the New Wave science fiction movement, particularly in its depiction of sex in science fiction. Writer/editor Al Sarrantonio writes how Dangerous Visions "almost single-handedly [...] changed the way readers thought about science fiction."

Contributors to the volume included 20 authors who had won, or would win, a Hugo, Nebula, World Fantasy, or BSFA award, and 16 with multiple such awards. Ellison introduced the anthology both collectively and individually while authors provided afterwords to their own stories.


Deford may refer to:

Deford, Michigan, United States, a community in Tuscola County

Frank Deford (1938–2017), American sportswriter and commentator

Miriam Allen deFord (1888–1975), American writer

DeFord Bailey (1899–1982), early country music star and the first African American performer on the Grand Ole Opry

Good Morning (magazine)

Good Morning was an American political humor magazine published launched in May 1919 by Ellis O. Jones, formerly an associate editor of Life magazine and veteran radical cartoonist Art Young. Both had worked together on the staff of the left wing monthly The Masses. Funded in large part by donations, the magazine was financially troubled from the outset and over time it was forced to decrease in frequency from weekly to semi-monthly to monthly. Costs still continued to outstrip revenues, however, and the publication was terminated in October 1921. An effort by Young to revive the publication in 1922 as the Art Young Quarterly failed after just a single issue.

List of Ace titles in H series

Ace Books published its H series of books from 1966 to 1968, at a price of 60 cents.

H-1 NA Theodore R. Kupferman The Family Legal Advisor

H-2 NA George Ryley Scott Curious Customs of Sex and Marriage

H-3 NA Louis Paul Dara The Cypriot

H-4 NA Olive Erkerson My Lord Essex

H-5 NA John H. Culp Born of the Sun

H-6 NA Florence A. Seward Gold For The Caesars

H-7 NA John H. Culp The Restless Land

H-8 NA Will Creed The Sword of Il Grande

H-9 NA Theodora DuBois Captive Of Rome (1966)

H-10 NA Theodor Plievier Berlin (1966)

H-11 NA Theodor Plievier Moscow (1966)

H-12 NA Harold T. Wilkins Strange Mysteries of Time and Space (1966)

H-13 NA Gardner Soule The Mystery Monsters (1966)

H-14 NA Vincent Gaddis Invisible Horizons (1966)

H-15 SF Donald A. Wollheim and Terry Carr (eds.) The World's Best Science Fiction 1966

H-16 NA Hans Holzer Ghosts I've Met (1966)

H-17 NA Jacques Vallée Anatomy Of A Phenomenon (1966)

H-18 SF Jeff Sutton H-Bomb Over America (1966)

H-19 SF Frederik Pohl (ed.) The If Reader Of Science Fiction (1966)

H-20 SF Kenneth Bulmer The Key to Irunium / Alan Schwartz The Wandering Tellurian (1967)

H-21 SF Jack Vance The Last Castle / Tony Russell Wayman World Of The Sleeper (1967)

H-22 SF Tom Purdom Five Against Arlane / Emil Petaja Lord of the Green Planet (1967)

H-23 NA Georgette Heyer Arabella

H-24 NA Charles Fort The Book of the Damned

H-25 NA Jan Tempest House of the Pines

H-26 SF Avram Davidson (ed.) The Best From Fantasy And Science Fiction, 13th Series (1967)

H-27 SF Juanita Coulson Crisis on Cheiron / E. C. Tubb The Winds of Gath (1967)

H-28 NA Jacques and Janine Vallée Flying Saucers: A Challenge to Science

H-29 SF Walt Richmond and Leigh Richmond The Lost Millennium / A. Bertram Chandler The Road to the Rim (1967)

H-30 SF Clifford D. Simak City (1967)

H-31 NA Dorothy Eden Sleep In The Woods

H-32 NA Hal Ellson Games

H-33 SF Andre Norton Moon Of Three Rings (1967)

H-34 SF Mack Reynolds Computer War / E. C. Tubb Death is a Dream (1967)

H-35 NA Dorothy Eden The Daughters of Ardmore Hall (1967)

H-36 SF Emil Petaja Tramontane / Michael Moorcock The Wrecks Of Time (1967)

H-37 NA Charlotte Hunt The Gilded Sarcophagus (1967)

H-38 SF Fritz Leiber The Swords Of Lankhmar (1968)

H-39 SF Philip K. Dick Eye In The Sky (1968)

H-40 SF E. C. Tubb C.O.D. Mars / John Rackham Alien Sea (1968)

H-41 SF Jules Verne Into The Niger Bend (1968)

H-42 SF Clifford D. Simak Why Call Them Back From Heaven? (1968)

H-43 SF Jules Verne The City In The Sahara (1968)

H-44 NA Georgette Heyer The Quiet Gentleman

H-45 NA Georgette Heyer Venetia

H-46 NA Robert L. Scott Look of the Eagle

H-47 NA Hans Holzer Lively Ghosts Of Ireland

H-48 SF Ellen Wobig The Youth Monopoly / Lan Wright The Pictures Of Pavanne (1968)

H-49 SF Jules Verne The Begum's Fortune (1968)

H-50 NA Janet Caird In A Glass, Darkly (1968)

H-51 SF John M. Faucette Crown Of Infinity / Emil Petaja The Prism (1968)

H-52 SF Jules Verne Yesterday And Tomorrow (1968)

H-53 NA Leslie H. Whitten Progeny of the Adder (1968)

H-54 SF R. A. Lafferty Past Master (1968)

H-55 NA Willy Ley For Your Information: On Earth and in the Sky (1968)

H-56 SF Ernest Hill Pity About Earth / R. A. Lafferty Space Chantey (1968)

H-57 MY Cornell Woolrich Rendezvous In Black (1968)

H-58 SF Gertrude Friedberg The Revolving Boy (1968)

H-59 SF Philip E. High The Time Mercenaries / Louis Trimble Anthropol (1968)

H-60 SF Jules Verne Carpathian Castle (1968)

H-61 MY Elizabeth Salter Death In A Mist (1968)

H-62 SF Wilson Tucker The Lincoln Hunters (1968)

H-63 NA Miriam Allen Deford The Real Bonnie & Clyde (1968)

H-64 NA Brinsley Le Poer Trench Flying Saucer Story

H-65 SF Mack Reynolds Mercenary From Tomorrow / Kenneth Bulmer The Key to Venudine (1968)

H-66 NA Cornell Woolrich The Black Path Of Fear (1968)

H-67 SF Jules Verne The Village In The Treetops (1968)

H-68 NA Raymond Bayless The Enigma of the Poltergeist (1968)

H-69 NA Rona Shambrook (as Rona Randall) Knight's Keep (1968)

H-70 SF Dean R. Koontz Star Quest / Emil Petaja Doom of the Green Planet (1968)

H-71 NA Lois Dorothea Low (as Dorothy Mackie Low) Isle for a Stranger (1968)

H-72 SF Joanna Russ Picnic On Paradise (1968)

H-73 SF Fritz Leiber Swords Against Wizardry (1968)

H-74 NA Charles Fort New Lands (1968)

H-75 NA Georgette Heyer Cotillion

H-76 NA Georgette Heyer April Lady

H-77 SF Juanita Coulson The Singing Stones / E. C. Tubb Derai (1968)

H-78 SF Jules Verne The Hunt For The Meteor (1968)

H-79 SF Bob Shaw The Two-Timers (1968)

H-80 MY Margaret Summerton (as Jan Roffman) With Murder In Mind (1968)

H-81 NA John Macklin Passport To The Unknown (1968)

H-82 NA Jane Blackmore The Other Room

H-83 NA Bernhardt J. Hurwood Vampires, Werewolves, and Ghouls (1968)

H-84 SF Andre Norton Sorceress Of The Witch World (1968)

H-85 SF Philip E. High Invader on My Back / Donald A. Wollheim (as David Grinnell) and Lin Carter Destination: Saturn (1968)

H-86 SF D. G. Compton Synthajoy (1968)

H-87 NA Rebecca Liswood A Marriage Doctor Speaks Her Mind About Sex

H-88 NA Charles Fort Wild Talents

H-89 NA John Macklin Dimensions Beyond The Unknown

H-90 SF Fritz Leiber Swords In The Mist (1968)

H-91 SF Laurence M. Janifer and S.J. Treibich Target: Terra / John Rackham The Proxima Project (1968)

H-92 SF A. E. van Vogt The Far-Out Worlds Of A. E. Van Vogt (1968)

H-93 MY Delano Ames The Man in the Tricorn Hat

H-94 NA John Macklin Dwellers In Darkness (1968)

H-95 SF Clifford D. Simak So Bright the Vision / Jeff Sutton The Man Who Saw Tomorrow (1968)

H-96 NA Shirley Jackson The Sundial

H-97 MY Delano Ames The Man With Three Jaguars

H-98 NA Charlotte Hunt The Cup Of Thanatos (1958)

H-99 NA Nostradamus; Robb Stewart (trans.) Prophecies on World Events

H-100 NA Hans Holzer ESP and You

H-101 NA Georgette Heyer Sprig Muslin

H-102 SF Edward E. Smith Subspace Explorers (1968)

H-103 SF Mack Reynolds Code Duello / John M. Faucette The Age of Ruin (1968)

H-104 NA Cornell Woolrich The Black Curtain (1968)

H-105 SF James H. Schmitz The Demon Breed (1968)

H-106 NA Janet Caird Perturbing Spirit

H-107 NA Virginia Coffman The Dark Gondola

H-108 NA John Macklin Challenge To Reality

List of mystery writers

This is a list of mystery writers:

See also—External links

Maynard Shipley

Maynard Shipley (December 1, 1872 – June 18, 1934) was an American freethinker and science writer.

Neanderthals (anthology)

Neanderthals is an anthology of science fiction short stories edited by Robert Silverberg, Martin H. Greenberg and Charles G. Waugh as the sixth volume in the Isaac Asimov's Wonderful Worlds of Science Fiction series. It was first published in paperback by Signet/New American Library in February 1987.The book collects eleven novellas, novelettes and short stories by various science fiction authors, together with an introduction by Isaac Asimov and an afterword by Silverberg.

New Dimensions II

New Dimensions II: Eleven Original Science Fiction Stories is an anthology of original science fiction short stories edited by American writer Robert Silverberg, the second in a series of twelve. It was first published in hardcover by Doubleday in December 1972, with a paperback edition under the variant title New Dimensions 2 following from Avon Books in December 1974.The book collects eleven novelettes and short stories by various science fiction authors, together with an introduction by the editor.

Priscilla Robertson

Priscilla Robertson (1910 – November 26, 1989) was an American historian, magazine editor, and college professor who had a special interest in European social history, especially women's experiences. She was the editor of The Humanist magazine for several years and taught at both Indiana University and Harvard University.

Star Science Fiction Stories No.4

Star Science Fiction Stories No.4 is the fourth book in the anthology series, Star Science Fiction Stories, edited by Frederik Pohl. It was first published in 1958 by Ballantine Books, and was reprinted in 1972. These books have been very critically acclaimed by critics around the world.

Among the stories is James E. Gunn's "The Immortals", about a test car driver who discovers he can live forever. It was adapted into a television movie in 1969, and a TV series in 1970, both entitled The Immortal. Gunn also expanded the material into a novel, The Immortals. Fellow author Isaac Asimov joked to Gunn that the story must have been autobiographical, on account of Gunn's youthful looks.

Tales of Magic and Mystery (magazine)

Tales of Magic and Mystery was a pulp magazine which published five monthly issues from December 1927 to April 1928. It was edited by Walter Gibson, and published a mixture of fiction and articles on magic. It is now mainly remembered for having published a story by H.P. Lovecraft.

The Alien Condition

The Alien Condition is a science fiction short story collection edited by Stephen Goldin and published in 1973 by Ballantine Books.

Thomas Overbury

Sir Thomas Overbury (baptized 1581 – 14 September 1613) was an English poet and essayist, also known for being the victim of a murder which led to a scandalous trial. His poem A Wife (also referred to as The Wife), which depicted the virtues that a young man should demand of a woman, played a large role in the events that precipitated his murder.

Women in speculative fiction

In 1948, 10–15% of science fiction writers were female. Women's role in speculative fiction (including science fiction) has grown since then, and in 1999, women comprised 36% of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America's professional members. Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley has been called the first science fiction novel, although women wrote utopian novels even before that, with Margaret Cavendish publishing the first (The Blazing World) in the seventeenth century. Early published fantasy was written by and for both genders. However, speculative fiction, with science fiction in particular, has traditionally been viewed as a male-oriented genre.

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