Minjiang dialect

Minjiang dialect (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: , local pronunciation: [min˨˩tɕiaŋ˥xa˨˨˦]; pinyin: Mínjiānghuà), is a branch of Sichuanese, spoken mainly in the Min River (Mínjiāng) valley or along the Yangtze in the southern and western parts of the Sichuan Basin. There is also a language island of Minjiang dialect located in the center of the Sichuan Basin covering three counties: Xichong, Yanting, and Shehong Counties.

The primary characteristic of the Minjiang dialect is that the stop consonants for checked-tone syllables in Middle Chinese have developed into tense vowels to create a phonemic contrast, and in several cities and counties the tense vowels retain a following glottal stop. It also keeps many characteristics of Ba-Shu Chinese phonology and vocabulary.[1][2] Due to these characteristics, the status of Minjiang dialect is disputed among linguists, with some classifying it as Southwestern Mandarin,[3] and others setting it apart as a successor of Ba-Shu Chinese.[4]

Minjiang dialect
Pronunciation [min˨˩tɕiaŋ˥xa˨˨˦]
Native to China
Region Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou and Yunnan
Native speakers
About 30 million
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
Minjiang is the central light khaki-green area around the cities and counties of Dujiangyan, Leshan, Yibin, Qijiang, Xichong (N), Xichang (SW), and an area to the east.


  1. ^ 蓝勇 (1997). "第十三章:历史时期西南综合文化区的划分". 《西南历史文化地理》. 西南师范大学出版社. ISBN 7-5621-1603-2.
  2. ^ 刘晓南(2009年第8卷第6期),《试论宋代巴蜀方言与现代四川方言的关系——兼谈文献考证的一个重要功用:追寻失落的方言》,语言科学
  3. ^ 李蓝(2009年第1期),《西南官话的分区(稿)》,方言
  4. ^ 杨波(1997年第5期),《四川官话入声现象的历史文化透视》,西南师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版)

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