The Ministry of Defence (MOD; Thai: กระทรวงกลาโหม; RTGS: Krasuang Kalahom), is a cabinet-level government department of the Kingdom of Thailand. The ministry controls and manages the Royal Thai Armed Forces to maintain national security, territorial integrity, and national defence. The armed forces of Thailand are composed of three branches: the Royal Thai Army, Royal Thai Navy, and Royal Thai Air Force.
Although the king of Thailand is the supreme head of the Thai armed forces (Thai: จอมทัพไทย), his position is only nominal. The ministry and the forces are administered by an appointed politician, the Minister of Defence, a member of the Cabinet of Thailand. The post of Minister of Defence has been held by General Prawit Wongsuwon, who is also Deputy Prime Minister, since August 2014.
|Kingdom of Thailand|
Ministry of Defense
Emblem of the Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Defense building, opposite Temple of the Emerald Buddha
|Formed||8 April 1887|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Thailand|
|Headquarters||Phra Nakhon, Bangkok|
Initially, the Ministry was called Krom Kalahom (Thai: กรมกลาโหม) and its head was called Samuha Kalahom (Thai: สมุหกลาโหม), and it was charged with the protection of the southern border. It was founded in the Ayutthaya period and was retained throughout the Rattanakosin period. The ministry in its current design was formed in 1887, by the order of King Chulalongkorn, to create a permanent military command. This was a result of the increasing threat posed by Western powers. The ministry was first housed in an old horse-and-elephant stable opposite the Grand Palace. A new European-style building was erected to house it. At first the ministry only commanded the army (founded in 1847), but then it incorporated the navy (founded in 1887), and finally, the air force (founded in 1913). In 1914, King Vajiravudh determined that the act providing for invoking martial law, first promulgated by his father in 1907, was not consistent with modern laws of war nor convenient for the preservation of the external or internal security of the state, so it was changed to the modern form that, with minor amendments, continues to be in force.
In an effort to bring reconciliation to Thai society the ministry unveiled a new mascot in November 2017: a life-size doll named Little Sister Pinky Promise (Nong Kiew Koy). Following the military coup of 2014 the military brought out twins, the "return to happiness" mascots.
Ministry of Defense
|General Prawit Wongsuwon|
|General Chaichan Changmongkol|
|General Theppong Tippayachan|
Royal Thai Armed Forces HQ
|Chief of the Defense Forces
|General Thanchaiyan Srisuwan|
Royal Thai Army
Royal Thai Navy
Royal Thai Air Force
|General Chalermchai Sitthisart||Admiral Naris Pratoomsuwan||Air Chief Marshal Johm Rungswang|
Reference to Thai legislation in any jurisdiction shall be to the Thai version only. This translation has been made so as to establish correct understanding about this act to the foreigners