Minardi

Minardi was an Italian automobile racing team and constructor founded in Faenza in 1979 by Giancarlo Minardi. It competed in the Formula One World Championship from 1985 until 2005 with little success, nevertheless acquiring a loyal following of fans. In 2001, to save the team from folding, Minardi sold it to Australian businessman Paul Stoddart, who ran the team for five years before selling it on to Red Bull GmbH in 2005 who renamed it Scuderia Toro Rosso.[1] From 2001, all of Minardi chassis are called "PS" then a number, the PS being the initials of team owner, Paul Stoddart.

During its time in F1, the team scored a total of 38 championship points; 16 of these were earned by the team's first driver, Pierluigi Martini. Martini also recorded the team's only front row start, qualifying 2nd at the 1990 United States Grand Prix, and he led a lap during the 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix, the only time a Minardi led a lap. The team never achieved a podium finish, only managing three 4th-place finishes: Martini twice in 1991 and Christian Fittipaldi in 1993.

In the 21 seasons, Minardi entered 37 drivers. Thirteen had Italian nationality, the others came with 13 different nationalities (discounting Doornbos racing under a Monaco license in 2005). Martini started in 103 Grands Prix for the team, while Morbidelli and Gené started 33 times.

Before Minardi's demise, the team was a particularly well-liked team within Formula One circles for its friendliness, accessibility, and lack of corporate culture.[2][3] On the track, their cars were regarded by many as well-designed for their tiny budget, their low position recognised as a result of a lack of funds (and engine power) rather than a poor car.[4] They also resisted employing pay-drivers more than most other financially strapped teams. Former Minardi drivers include double World Champion Fernando Alonso, Grands Prix winners Alessandro Nannini, Giancarlo Fisichella, Jarno Trulli and Mark Webber; CART IndyCar World Series double champion Alex Zanardi and race winners Justin Wilson and Christian Fittipaldi; and 24 Hours of Le Mans overall winners Michele Alboreto and Marc Gené.

Minardi
Minardi Formula One Team logo
Full nameMinardi F1 Team
BaseFaenza, Italy
Founder(s)Giancarlo Minardi
Noted staffGustav Brunner, Paul Stoddart
Noted driversItaly Pierluigi Martini
Italy Alessandro Nannini
Italy Andrea de Cesaris
Italy Gianni Morbidelli
Brazil Christian Fittipaldi
Italy Alessandro Zanardi
Italy Michele Alboreto
Italy Luca Badoer
Portugal Pedro Lamy
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
Japan Ukyo Katayama
Italy Jarno Trulli
Spain Marc Gené
Spain Fernando Alonso
Australia Mark Webber
Denmark Nicolas Kiesa
Netherlands Jos Verstappen
United Kingdom Justin Wilson
Hungary Zsolt Baumgartner
Italy Gianmaria Bruni
Netherlands Christijan Albers
Monaco Robert Doornbos
Next nameScuderia Toro Rosso
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1985 Brazilian Grand Prix
Races entered346 entries (340 starts)
EnginesMotori Moderni, Ford, Ferrari, Lamborghini, Hart, Fondmetal, European, Asiatech, Cosworth
Constructors'
Championships
0 (best finish: 7th, 1991)
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories0 (best finish: 4th, 1991 San Marino Grand Prix, 1991 Portuguese Grand Prix and 1993 South African Grand Prix)
Points38
Pole positions0 (best grid position: 2nd, 1990 United States Grand Prix)
Fastest laps0
Final entry2005 Chinese Grand Prix

History

Minardi logo
Traditional Minardi logo.

The Minardi family has a longstanding involvement in motorsport. Giancarlo Minardi's grandfather had a Fiat dealership in Faenza since 1927, while his father, Giovanni Minardi, competed in his own cars in the late 1940s. After his death, Giancarlo took over the racing part of the family business. He ran customer cars in Formula Two under the name Scuderia Everest from 1972 to 1979 and in 1976 briefly ran a customer Formula One Ferrari 312T with Giancarlo Martini, uncle of Pierluigi Martini. Martini Sr. qualified 15th for the Race of Champions at Brands Hatch but failed to start the race after an accident during the opening lap. The team then competed at the BRDC International Trophy in Silverstone where Martini finished 10th. In 1979 Minardi received financial backing from well known Italian motor racing patron Piero Mancini and set up the Minardi racing team as a Formula Two constructor.[5]

Racing history

Formula Two (1980–1984)

The team first competed under the Minardi name in the 1980 European Formula Two championship. Rather than using a customer chassis, the team commissioned a BMW powered design from Giacomo Caliri's FLY studios — previously responsible for the Fittipaldi Automotive team's F5A Formula One car.[6] Minardi enjoyed four moderately successful Formula Two seasons with a variety of young Italian and South American drivers, including Alessandro Nannini and Johnny Cecotto. The team's most notable result was a 1981 win at the Misano round by Michele Alboreto.[5] Minardi left the lower division at the end of 1984, although in 1986 a modified version of their final Formula Two car, the 283, was entered without success in two rounds of the Formula 3000 championship which had replaced Formula Two in 1985.[7]

Minardi Formula One (1985–1993)

During 1984, Minardi took the decision to enter Formula One the following year.[8] Caliri designed the M184, the team's prototype Formula One car (intended as a dual purpose design for the new Formula 3000) around Alfa Romeo's V8 turbocharged engine but when engineer Carlo Chiti left Alfa Romeo to found Motori Moderni, Minardi became the only customer for his new V6 engine design. The engine was not ready for the start of the 1985 season, so the team converted their M185 chassis to accept a Cosworth DFV engine for the first two races. The single car team was unsuccessful in its first year, scoring no points. The new engine was underpowered and driver Pierluigi Martini finished only two races, although he was also classified 11th at the German Grand Prix despite stopping with engine problems.[9] Martini's best position was 8th in the 1985 Australian Grand Prix, behind Huub Rothengatter in an Osella.

Minardi M189 - Pierluigi Martini
Pierluigi Martini and the Minardi M189 at the 2016 Adelaide Motorsport Festival

Nonetheless, the team expanded to two cars for the 1986 season. In 1988 Minardi switched to Cosworth engines, and in 1989 it became top entrant for Pirelli's return to Formula One. The team was moderately successful in the midfield through the late 1980s and early 1990s, giving a succession of Italian drivers their first chance at the top level, including Alessandro Nannini, Pierluigi Martini and Gianni Morbidelli. Martini in particular was synonymous with Minardi, eventually having three spells with the team. He drove for them on their debut in 1985, scored their first point in the 1988 United States Grand Prix, although he had been running 5th for quite a long time during the race until being passed by Tyrrell's Jonathan Palmer, took their only front-row start at 1990 USA Grand Prix (aided by special Pirelli tyres; several of their other drivers had surprise qualifying results that day), their only lap leading a race in the 1989 Portuguese Grand Prix, where he finished 5th, and scored their joint-best F1 result up to that point (the other being at the British Grand Prix the same year). In 1991 Minardi became the first team in modern times to make use of customer engines from Ferrari and in 1992 they used Lamborghini V12s. In 1993 Minardi enjoyed a good campaign, collecting seven points thanks to Christian Fittipaldi's fourth place in the 1993 South African Grand Prix and fifth place in the 1993 Monaco Grand Prix and Fabrizio Barbazza sixth places in the 1993 European Grand Prix and 1993 San Marino Grand Prix.

Minardi, Scuderia Italia and Fondmetal (1994–2000)

Pierluigi Martini 1994 Minardi
Pierluigi Martini driving for Minardi at the 1994 British Grand Prix.
Luca Badoer 1995 Britain
Luca Badoer driving for Minardi at the 1995 British Grand Prix.

As the number of small teams shrank, Minardi slipped from the mid-field towards the back of the grid. Money woes hit and in 1994 Minardi joined his team with BMS Scuderia Italia in an effort to survive. Giancarlo Minardi retained 14.5% with the remaining 85.5% distributed between the Scuderia Italia investors (Emilio Gnutti, Giuseppe Lucchini and Vittorio Palazzani) and Defendente Marniga. In 1994 Martini finished 5th at both the 1994 Spanish Grand Prix and 1994 French Grand Prix, while Michele Alboreto scored his last point in Formula 1 with a 6th place in the 1994 Monaco Grand Prix. Acknowledging that the team was struggling, Bernie Ecclestone spoke to Flavio Briatore, who agreed to buy a share in the team in 1995. In 1996 Italian businessman Gabriele Rumi, former owner of the Fondmetal team switched his sponsorship support from Tyrrell to Minardi. He gradually increased his interest in the Faenza outfit, becoming co-owner and chairman. In 1997 Minardi teamed up with engine manufacturer Brian Hart. For the 2000 season the team were forced to use 1998-spec Ford Zetec-R V10 engines, which were rebadged as Fondmetal engines in deference to his financial input. However, Rumi's poor health forced him to withdraw his backing at the end of the season.

Points were rare during this time; Pedro Lamy scored his one and only point in Formula 1 with a 6th place in the 1995 Australian Grand Prix; this result was followed by a long barren spell until Marc Gené finished 6th in the 1999 European Grand Prix. That same race, Luca Badoer had been running fourth until his gearbox failed with 13 laps to go, at which point the Italian burst into tears next to his stricken car. Other Minardi drivers also came close to scoring points, including Shinji Nakano who finished 7th at the 1998 Canadian Grand Prix and Esteban Tuero, who finished 8th at the 1998 San Marino Grand Prix.

Minardi was known for not using pay drivers, but for the 2000 season, the team signed Argentinian Gastón Mazzacane, who only acquired the seat thanks to backing from the short-lived pay television channel Pan-American Sports Network.

European Minardi (2001–2005)

The team, now near collapse, was purchased by Australian businessman Paul Stoddart in early 2001, merging it with his European Racing Formula 3000 team. During this time Minardi gave Fernando Alonso his debut, despite being unable to score any points for Minardi he gave a good impression, subsequently he moved to Renault for the 2002 season. Minardi's performance at the 2002 Australian Grand Prix ended up to be particularly successful, with Australian driver Mark Webber's bringing the car home in 5th place in his first Formula One race and Malaysian pay driver Alex Yoong finishing 7th.

Another memorable episode happened during the 2003 Brazilian Grand Prix. The race was stopped just after 75% distance, after treacherous weather and a sequence of accidents, including a spin into the grass for lead Minardi driver Jos Verstappen. Stoddart later claimed that Verstappen had enough fuel on board to last until just after the time the red flag was eventually waved, due to the large number of safety car laps. Assuming Stoddart is being truthful, Verstappen may well have won this race had he not spun.

During its final years, the Minardi team was almost as famous for its politics as its racing. Stoddart was described as the Formula One teams' unofficial shop steward. During his time as team principal, Stoddart campaigned for reduced costs in the sport. He appealed to the competing car manufacturers for an agreement where the independent (and, on the whole, financially weaker) teams in Formula One would get cheaper engine deals than at present. In return, the team principals who would benefit from this would support the works teams when it came to opposing new rule changes enforced by the FIA, such as the proposed ban on traction control. Before the start of the 2004 season, however, Stoddart threatened to withdraw his support against the ban on traction control, but later changed his mind. Midway through the 2004 season, the other teams voted to change the unpopular single lap qualifying system back to the old 1 hour format, but Stoddart voted against because it would also mean the 107% rule being reintroduced; this meant the change never occurred, as a unanimous vote was required to change something so significant in the middle of a season. Before the 2005 Australian Grand Prix Stoddart initially threatened to withdraw his cars if they were made to comply with the revised regulations for 2005. Stoddart claimed that Minardi could not afford to adapt their cars. Once again Stoddart ended up withdrawing his threat. Stoddart has also repeatedly called for the resignation of the FIA's President, Max Mosley, particularly in the aftermath of the 2005 United States Grand Prix where the majority of teams withdrew from the race due to safety concerns about their Michelin tyres. While Minardi had run Bridgestone tyres, Stoddart had offered to compromise with the Michelin teams but Mosley had rejected it.

In 2004 Minardi was represented by two rookies, Italian Gianmaria "Gimmi" Bruni and Hungarian Zsolt Baumgartner. During the year, they celebrated their 20th season in F1. Baumgartner scored Minardi's first point in more than 2 years at the United States Grand Prix, finishing 8th (only 8 cars finished the 2004 USGP). Baumgartner was also the first Hungarian to score a point in a World Championship F1 race.

Minardi PS05 British GP 2005
Patrick Friesacher driving the Minardi PS05, the last Minardi chassis to be produced, at Silverstone.

In 2005, Minardi's drivers were Christijan Albers and Patrick Friesacher. They amassed a total of 7 points following the debacle of the 2005 United States Grand Prix, in which they finished fifth and sixth (of six runners) respectively. After losing financial backing from his sponsors before the 2005 German Grand Prix, Patrick Friesacher was replaced by Dutch Jordan test driver Robert Doornbos, creating the first all-Dutch driver line-up in Formula one since Carel Godin de Beaufort and Ben Pon drove together for the Ecurie Maarsbergen team at the 1962 Dutch Grand Prix at Zandvoort.

Red Bull purchase

In 2005, Paul Stoddart stated that he would sell Minardi if he could find the right buyer. Stoddart claimed that he had 41 approaches.[10] His criterion for a sale was the ability of a buyer to move the team forward and leave the team based in Faenza. The drinks manufacturer Red Bull GmbH, which already owned another Formula One team, Red Bull Racing, decided to set up a second team to promote American drivers that had risen through its young driver programme, Red Bull Driver Search.[11]

Ending several weeks of speculation on 10 September 2005 Red Bull announced it would take control of Minardi in November and run it as their "rookie team" from 2006.[12]

Minardi fans worldwide immediately started an online petition[13] to save the Minardi team name and the team's 20-year heritage in F1 after the news broke. The petition was not successful and the team was renamed Scuderia Toro Rosso for the 2006 season. The greatly increased funding from Red Bull, including the use of the Red Bull chassis and Ferrari engines, gradually led to improved results, culminating in Toro Rosso's maiden win at the 2008 Italian Grand Prix.

Racing return for Minardi

Giancarlo Minardi and Paul Stoddart have both made use of the Minardi name in new motorsport ventures.

On 1 January 2006, Giancarlo Minardi re-acquired certain rights to use the Minardi name in racing. He also announced that he was licensing the Minardi name to established team GP Racing in the junior Euro Formula 3000 series, to be entitled 'Minardi Team by GP Racing'.[14] The team raced with moderate success, scoring a podium in each leg of the Spa round in June 2006.[15] For 2007, Minardi Team by GP Racing combined forces with GP2 team Piquet Sports, to form Minardi Piquet Sports.[16] For 2008 the team was known simply as Piquet Sports.

In 2006, Paul Stoddart declared his intention to enter a new team called 'European Minardi F1 Team Ltd' into Formula One beginning in 2008. His application was unsuccessful, with the 12th place on the grid being awarded to Prodrive.[17] Instead, Stoddart turned his attentions to the U.S.-based Champ Car series. On 18 December 2006, it was confirmed that he had purchased a controlling interest in the CTE Racing-HVM Champ Car team and that the team would be renamed Minardi Team USA.[18] In 2007, the team had reasonable success. Robert Doornbos took two wins and several podium places on his way to third in the series, winning Rookie of the Year honours. When the series folded before its planned 2008 season, Stoddart's involvement ceased, with the team entering the IndyCar Series under the HVM name.

Stoddart retains the right to use the Minardi name for a British-registered company.

Heads of Minardi F1

Complete Formula One results

(key)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Points WCC
1985 M185 Ford DFY 3.0 V8 P BRA POR SMR MON CAN DET FRA GBR GER AUT NED ITA BEL EUR RSA AUS 0 NC
Italy Pierluigi Martini Ret Ret
Motori Moderni 615-90 1.5 V6 t Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret 8
1986 M185B
M186
Motori Moderni 615-90 1.5 V6 t P BRA ESP SMR MON BEL CAN DET FRA GBR GER HUN AUT ITA POR MEX AUS 0 NC
Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret
Italy Alessandro Nannini Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret
1987 M187 Motori Moderni 615-90 1.5 V6 t G BRA SMR BEL MON DET FRA GBR GER HUN AUT ITA POR ESP MEX JPN AUS 0 NC
Spain Adrián Campos DSQ Ret Ret DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret Ret
Italy Alessandro Nannini Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 16 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret
1988 M188 Ford DFZ 3.5 V8 G BRA SMR MON MEX CAN DET FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 1 10th
Spain Adrián Campos Ret 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ
Italy Pierluigi Martini 6 15 15 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 13 7
Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Ret 11 Ret 11 13 Ret NC Ret DNQ 10 DNQ Ret 8 12 15 Ret
1989 M188B
M189
Ford DFR 3.5 V8 P BRA SMR MON MEX USA CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 6 11th
Italy Pierluigi Martini Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 9 Ret 9 7 5 Ret 6
Italy Paolo Barilla Ret
Spain Luis Pérez-Sala Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 6 DNQ Ret 15 8 12 Ret Ret DNQ
1990 M189B
M190
Ford DFR 3.5 V8 P USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 0 NC
Italy Pierluigi Martini 7 9 DNS Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret 15 Ret 11 Ret 8 9
Italy Paolo Barilla Ret Ret 11 Ret DNQ 14 DNQ 12 Ret 15 Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ
Italy Gianni Morbidelli Ret Ret
1991 M191 Ferrari 037 3.5 V12 G USA BRA SMR MON CAN MEX FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 6 7th
Italy Pierluigi Martini 9 Ret 4 12 7 Ret 9 9 Ret Ret 12 Ret 4 13 Ret Ret
Italy Gianni Morbidelli Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret 13 Ret 9 9 14 Ret
Brazil Roberto Moreno 16
1992 M191B
M191L
M192
Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G RSA MEX BRA ESP SMR MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 1 12th
Brazil Christian Fittipaldi Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 8 13 DNQ DNQ DNQ 12 6 9
Italy Alessandro Zanardi DNQ Ret DNQ
Italy Gianni Morbidelli Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 11 8 17 12 DNQ 16 Ret 14 14 10
1993 M193 Ford HBC6 3.5 V8 G RSA BRA EUR SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN AUS 7 8th
Brazil Christian Fittipaldi 4 Ret 7 Ret 8 5 9 8 12 11 Ret Ret 8 9
France Jean-Marc Gounon Ret Ret
Italy Fabrizio Barbazza Ret Ret 6 6 Ret 11 Ret Ret
Italy Pierluigi Martini Ret 14 Ret Ret 7 8 10 Ret
1994 M193B
M194
Ford HBC7/8 3.5 V8 G BRA PAC SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR JPN AUS 5 10th
Italy Pierluigi Martini 8 Ret Ret Ret 5 9 5 10 Ret Ret 8 Ret 12 15 Ret 9
Italy Michele Alboreto Ret Ret Ret 6 Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret 7 9 Ret 13 14 Ret Ret
1995 M195 Ford EDM 3.0 V8 G BRA ARG SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR EUR PAC JPN AUS 1 10th
Italy Pierluigi Martini Ret Ret 12 14 7 Ret Ret 7 Ret
Portugal Pedro Lamy 9 10 Ret Ret 9 13 11 6
Italy Luca Badoer Ret DNS 14 Ret Ret 8 13 10 Ret 8 Ret Ret 14 11 15 9 Ret
1996 M195B Ford ED2 3.0 V8
Ford ED3 3.0 V8
G AUS BRA ARG EUR SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR JPN 0 NC
Portugal Pedro Lamy Ret 10 Ret 12 9 Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret 12 Ret 10 Ret 16 12
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 11
Brazil Tarso Marques Ret Ret
Italy Giovanni Lavaggi DNQ 10 DNQ Ret 15 DNQ
1997 M197 Hart 830 AV7 3.0 V8 B AUS BRA ARG SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA AUT LUX JPN EUR 0 NC
Japan Ukyo Katayama Ret 18 Ret 11 10 Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret 10 14 Ret 11 Ret Ret 17
Italy Jarno Trulli 9 12 9 DNS Ret 15 Ret
Brazil Tarso Marques Ret 10 Ret 12 Ret 14 EX Ret Ret 15
1998 M198 Ford JD Zetec-R 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA ARG SMR ESP MON CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA LUX JPN 0 NC
Japan Shinji Nakano Ret Ret 13 Ret 14 9 7 17 8 11 Ret 15 8 Ret 15 Ret
Argentina Esteban Tuero Ret Ret Ret 8 15 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 16 Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret
1999 M01 Ford VJM1 Zetec-R 3.0 V10
Ford VJM2 Zetec-R 3.0 V10
B AUS BRA SMR MON ESP CAN FRA GBR AUT GER HUN BEL ITA EUR MAL JPN 1 10th
Italy Luca Badoer Ret 8 Ret Ret 10 10 Ret 13 10 14 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret
France Stéphane Sarrazin Ret
Spain Marc Gené Ret 9 9 Ret Ret 8 Ret 15 11 9 17 16 Ret 6 9 Ret
2000 M02 Fondmetal RV10 3.0 V10 B AUS BRA SMR GBR ESP EUR MON CAN FRA AUT GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN MAL 0 NC
Spain Marc Gené 8 Ret Ret 14 14 Ret Ret 16 15 8 Ret 15 14 9 12 Ret Ret
Argentina Gastón Mazzacane Ret 10 13 15 15 8 Ret 12 Ret 12 11 Ret 17 10 Ret 15 13
2001 PS01
PS01B
European 3.0 V10 M AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 0 11th
Brazil Tarso Marques Ret 14 9 Ret 16 Ret Ret 9 Ret 15 DNQ Ret Ret 13
Malaysia Alex Yoong Ret Ret 16
Spain Fernando Alonso 12 13 Ret Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret 14 17 16 10 Ret Ret 13 DNS 11
2002 PS02 Asiatech AT02 3.0 V10 M AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR GBR FRA GER HUN BEL ITA USA JPN 2 9th
Malaysia Alex Yoong 7 Ret 13 DNQ DNS Ret Ret 14 Ret DNQ 10 DNQ 13 Ret Ret
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson Ret Ret
Australia Mark Webber 5 Ret 11 11 DNS 12 11 11 15 Ret 8 Ret 16 Ret Ret Ret 10
2003 PS03 Cosworth CR-3 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BRA SMR ESP AUT MON CAN EUR FRA GBR GER HUN ITA USA JPN 0 10th
United Kingdom Justin Wilson Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 13 Ret Ret 13 14 16
Denmark Nicolas Kiesa 12 13 12 11 16
Netherlands Jos Verstappen 11 13 Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret 9 14 16 15 Ret 12 Ret 10 15
2004 PS04B Cosworth CR-3L 3.0 V10 B AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA CHN JPN BRA 1 10th
Italy Gianmaria Bruni Ret 14 17 Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret 18 16 17 14 Ret Ret Ret 16 17
Hungary Zsolt Baumgartner Ret 16 Ret 15 Ret 9 15 10 8 Ret Ret 16 15 Ret 15 16 Ret 16
2005 PS04B
PS05
Cosworth CR-3L 3.0 V10
Cosworth TJ2005 3.0 V10
B AUS MAL BHR SMR ESP MON EUR CAN USA FRA GBR GER HUN TUR ITA BEL BRA JPN CHN 7 10th
Austria Patrick Friesacher 17 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 18 Ret 6 Ret 19
Monaco Robert Doornbos 18 Ret 13 18 13 Ret 14 14
Netherlands Christijan Albers Ret 13 13 Ret Ret 14 17 11 5 Ret 18 13 NC Ret 19 12 14 16 16

See also

References

  1. ^ "Red Bull Finalizes Minardi Deal". Motorsport. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  2. ^ "F1 reveals human side after Walton death". Independent. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  3. ^ "LEGEND OF MINARDI F1 – THE LITTLE TEAM THAT TOOK ON THE GIANTS OF F1". Columnm. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Review of the Year: 10th - Minardi". Grand Prix. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  5. ^ a b Constructors: Minardi GrandPrix.com; Retrieved 2 August 2006
  6. ^ A samba that never got into tune 8W, October 2000; Retrieved 10 August 2006.
  7. ^ Hodges, David (1998). A–Z of Formula Racing Cars 1945–1990. Bay View books. p. 194. ISBN 1-901432-17-3.
  8. ^ "Minardi History". Italia Speed. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  9. ^ Nye, Doug (1986). Autocourse history of the Grand Prix car 1966–85. Hazleton publishing. p. 226. ISBN 0-905138-37-6.
  10. ^ Irvine in talks over Minardi sale BBC Sport, 2 September 2005
  11. ^ "Red Bull to buy Minardi". RTE. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  12. ^ Red Bull swoop for Minardi deal BBC Sport, 10 September 2005
  13. ^ ForzaMinardi.com 2005 Forza Minardi; Retrieved 28 May 2015
  14. ^ Minardi name back in racing ITV Sport; Retrieved 2 August 2006 Archived January 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Double" podium for the Minardi team in Spa Minardi; Retrieved 2 August 2006 Archived December 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Minardi moving on up" GrandPrix.com, 3 October 2006
  17. ^ Stoddart to re-enter F1 with Minardi in 2008 F1Racing.net, retrieved 2 August 2006 Archived June 19, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Champ Car News: Stoddart confirms Champ Car move". Autosport. 18 December 2006. Retrieved 18 December 2006.

Further reading

  • Vigar, Simon (2008). Forza Minardi!. Veloce Publishing. ISBN 1-84584-160-3.
  • Pasini, Stefano (2010). Gian Carlo Minardi racconta 35 anni di gare: dalla Formula Italia alla Formula 1. C&C. ISBN 88-86622-91-0.

External links

Arrows A23

The Arrows A23 is a Formula One racing car, used by the Arrows team during the 2002 Formula One season.

Christijan Albers

Christijan Albers (Christijan Albers ) (born 16 April 1979 in Eindhoven) is a Dutch professional racing driver. After success in the DTM he drove in Formula One from 2005 until the 2007 British Grand Prix, shortly after which he was dropped by the Spyker F1 team. In 2008, he returned to the DTM series as a driver for the Audi Futurecom TME team. Albers acted as Team Principal and CEO of the Caterham F1 Team from July to September 2014 after it was acquired by new team owners.

Gianmaria Bruni

Gianmaria "Gimmi" Bruni (born 30 May 1981) is an Italian Porsche factory auto racing driver who drove in the 2004 Formula One World Championship for Minardi. He is a GP2 Series race winner and is now racing in the FIA World Endurance Championship, in which he gained the 2013 and 2014 GT Drivers' Titles whilst driving as a factory Ferrari driver. He won the 2008 FIA GT Championship, 2011 Le Mans Series and 2012 International GT Open and took three class victories at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, in 2008, 2012 and 2014. He also was successful at the 2009 and 2015 24 Hours of Spa-Francorchamps, 2010 12 Hours of Sebring and 2011 Petit Le Mans.

Giovanni Lavaggi

Giovanni Lavaggi (born 18 February 1958) is an Italian racing driver.

A nobleman by background, Lavaggi raised the money to buy ten Formula One Grand Prix drives, for Pacific and Minardi, debuting on July 30, 1995. In 1995 he was the only driver not to finish any of the F1 races that they started. He scored no championship points and was never close to the car's performance limits, being described as "desperately slow" by Jonathan Palmer, although he did well in his forays in sportscar racing.

HVM Racing

HVM Racing was an auto racing team owned by Keith Wiggins that competed in the IndyCar Series. It competed in the Champ Car World Series in 2007 as Minardi Team USA when it was co-owned by Paul Stoddart. It has a long history of changes of ownership, including a previous incarnation as CTE-HVM Racing, co-owned by actor/comedian Cedric the Entertainer.

Its 2007 driver lineup was Dan Clarke and ex-Formula One driver Robert Doornbos, who previously raced for Minardi F1.

In the first race of the season, the 2007 Las Vegas Grand Prix, Robert Doornbos made the most successful debut since Nigel Mansell in 1993, finishing second on the podium.

They also made the distinction of being the only team willing to run a car numbered 13 full-time, with driver E.J. Viso, when they did so for the 2009 IndyCar Series season, despite negative superstitions from the past about running it in any form of motorsports.

Luca Badoer

Luca Badoer (born 25 January 1971) is an Italian former racing driver. Badoer has raced for the Scuderia Italia, Minardi, Forti Corse and most recently, Ferrari teams. In addition to his racing duties, Badoer was one of the active test and reserve drivers for Ferrari from 1998 to 2010 and in 2009 stood in for Ferrari's regular race driver Felipe Massa at the European Grand Prix and the Belgian Grand Prix after the Brazilian was injured during qualifying for the Hungarian Grand Prix and his original replacement, Michael Schumacher, pulled out due to injury.

As of May 2019, Badoer holds the record for the most Grand Prix starts – 50 – and the most race laps completed – 2364 – without scoring a point, although all of his races before his 2009 comeback came during a period when only the top six finishers scored points. Under the 2010 scoring system, he would have scored 26 points over his career. He nearly achieved a points finish in the 1999 European Grand Prix when a strong drive saw him reach fourth place, but the gearbox on his Minardi failed with 13 laps remaining.

Marc Gené

Marc Gené i Guerrero (born 29 March 1974) is a Spanish professional racing driver. He is best known as a tester for Williams and Ferrari in Formula One, Minardi Formula One driver and factory driver for Peugeot's Le Mans team, with which he won the 2009 24 Hours of Le Mans. His brother Jordi is also a racing driver, competing in the WTCC for SEAT.

He had 36 starts in Formula One, mostly through two seasons with the Minardi team, with which he scored a sixth-place finish at the attrition-filled 1999 European Grand Prix.

Starting from the 2010 season, Gené commented on Formula One races for Spanish television on Antena 3. In 2013 he became an expert analyst for Sky Sport F1 HD in Italy.

Minardi M185

The Minardi M185 was a Formula One car, designed for Minardi by Giacomo Caliri for use in the 1985 season. For the following season, it was updated to a M185B specification. It was an unreliable car and only finished three races and did not score any points for the team.

Minardi M188

The Minardi M188 was a Formula One car designed by Giacomo Caliri and Aldo Costa built by Minardi for the 1988 Formula One season. The car was driven by Spanish driver Adrian Campos, Italian Pierluigi Martini, and Spanish driver Luis Pérez-Sala.

In 1988, ahead of the ban in turbo engines for the 1989 season, Minardi changed their engine from the Motori Moderni V6 turbo to the normally aspirated Cosworth DFZ.

Driver Adrian Campos was dismissed after the fifth round of the season due to poor performance and he was replaced by Pierluigi Martini, who previously raced for the team in 1985 and then moved down to International Formula 3000 in 1986. Martini scored the one and only point for Minardi in his first race in Detroit, taking 6th place. The team finished 10th in the constructor's championship.

An upgraded version of the car, dubbed the M188B was used for the first three races of the 1989 season.

Minardi M189

The Minardi M189 was a Formula One car, designed for Minardi by Nigel Cowperthwaite for use in the 1989 FIA Formula One World Championship. Introduced partway through the year and driven by Pierluigi Martini and Luis Perez-Sala, it scored several points finishes for the team. Updated as the M189B for the 1990 season, it was used for the first two races of the year before being replaced by the Minardi M190.

Minardi M191

The Minardi M191 was a Formula One car designed by Aldo Costa and Rene Hilhorst and built by Minardi for the 1991 Formula One season. The car was powered by the Ferrari V12 engine and ran on Goodyear tyres. Its best finish in a race was 4th (twice).

Minardi M193

The Minardi M193 was a Formula One car designed by Aldo Costa and Gustav Brunner and built by Minardi for the 1993 Formula One season. The car was powered by the Ford HBD V8 engine and ran on Goodyear tyres. Drivers of the car included Christian Fittipaldi (who flipped his car when he collided with teammate Pierluigi Martini at the finish of the Italian Grand Prix), Martini and former Ferrari driver and 5 time grand prix winner Michele Alboreto.

Using the M193, Minardi scored 7 points to finish 8th in the 1993 Constructors' Championship.

Minardi PS05

The Minardi PS05 was a Formula One race car used by Minardi Cosworth in the 2005 Formula One season. It was the last Minardi Formula One car. It debuted at the 2005 San Marino Grand Prix, and in the three races beforehand the team used the Minardi PS04B. The team earned their second double-points finish in the team's 20-year history at the controversial 2005 United States Grand Prix, an achievement only brought to fruition by the withdrawal of all teams using the Michelin tyres; only 6 cars participated in the race.

Patrick Friesacher was dropped from the Minardi team after the 2005 British Grand Prix due to his sponsors failing to pay Minardi the amounts agreed at the start of the season. He was replaced by Robert Doornbos, Albers's countrymate from the 2005 German Grand Prix to the end of the season. The PS05 was the last Formula One car developed by Minardi before the sale of the team, which from 2006 became known as the Red Bull Racing sister team, Scuderia Toro Rosso.

Paolo Barilla

Paolo Barilla (born 20 April 1961 in Milan, Italy) is a former Formula One driver who raced for the Minardi team. He is one of the heirs of the vast Barilla pasta empire and, as of January 2017, had a net worth of US$1.39 billion.Barilla started racing in 1975 and won the Italian 100cc karting title the following year. He entered Formula Fiat Abarth in 1980 and the next year moved up to Formula 3, in which he won some races and finished third in the Italian Championship. He then entered Formula 2 in 1982 with Minardi, but between 1983 and 1988 he concentrated in sports car racing, winning 24 Hours of Le Mans by a three-lap margin in 1985, among other victories, in the Joest Racing Porsche 956, co-driven at various times with Klaus Ludwig, Paul Belmondo, Marc Duez and Louis Krages (also known at the time as John Winter).

In 1987 Barilla returned to single-seaters and raced in the Japanese Formula 3000 Championship, before returning to Minardi in 1989 for a test. This test gave him the chance to replace Pierluigi Martini at Suzuka that year and afterwards was signed to drive for the team in 1990. Barilla wasn't quick enough to qualify regularly and was replaced before the end of the year by Gianni Morbidelli.

Barilla then retired from racing and joined his family's businesses, where he and his two brothers own a 51 percent stake in the company. Upon his return to the corporation, he briefly filled in as the CEO before taking a more permanent position as a Vice-President. He has remained connected to motorsports, in part due to Barilla's sponsorship of Alex Zanardi.Barilla was featured in a 2017 documentary about the restoration of a Ferrari 312B historic Formula 1 race car.

Pedro Lamy

José Pedro Mourão Lamy Viçoso, OIH, known as Pedro Lamy (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpeðɾu laˈmi]; born 20 March 1972) is a Portuguese professional racing driver currently racing in endurance races teaming up with Mathias Lauda and gentleman driver Paul Dalla Lana. He was the first Portuguese driver to score a point in a Formula One World Championship event, in the 1995 Australian Grand Prix, for Minardi.

Pierluigi Martini

Pierluigi Martini (born 23 April 1961) is an Italian former racing driver. He won the 1999 24 hours of Le Mans and participated in 124 Formula One Grands Prix (with 119 starts) between 1984 and 1995.

Robert Doornbos

Robert Michael Doornbos (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈroːbərt ˈmɑikəl ˈdoːrnbɔs] (listen); born 23 September 1981) is a Dutch racing driver. He has been test and third driver for the Jordan and Red Bull Racing Formula One teams, as well as driving for Minardi and Red Bull Racing in 2005 and 2006. Doornbos then drove for Minardi Team USA in the 2007 and final season of the Champ Car World Series. He competed in the Superleague Formula racing series in 2008, and drove for the Netherlands team in A1 Grand Prix's 2008–2009 season. In 2009, Doornbos competed in the IndyCar Series. He began the season with Newman/Haas/Lanigan Racing, but switched to HVM Racing after the race in Kentucky Speedway.

Tarso Marques

Tarso Anibal Santanna Marques (born 19 January 1976) is a Brazilian racing driver. He participated in 24 Formula One Grands Prix, all driving for the Minardi team, but scored no championship points in three separate seasons and never completed a full year in the sport.

Zsolt Baumgartner

Zsolt Baumgartner (born 1 January 1981 in Debrecen) is a Hungarian former racing driver who raced for the Jordan and Minardi teams in Formula One. He remains the only Hungarian driver to have competed in Formula One.

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