Senior General Min Aung Hlaing (Burmese: မင်းအောင်လှိုင်; born 3 July 1956) is the current commander-in-chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces, appointed in 2011. As commander-in-chief he is responsible for human rights violations by the Burmese Army that could amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity. According to Burma Campaign UK, he is an obstacle to improving human rights, democratic reform, peace, modernisation, and improving health and education in Myanmar.
|Min Aung Hlaing|
|Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Myanmar|
Assumed office |
30 March 2011
Thein Sein |
|State Counsellor||Aung San Suu Kyi|
|Preceded by||Than Shwe|
3 July 1956|
|Spouse(s)||Kyu Kyu Hla|
|Years of service||1974–present|
Min Aung Hlaing born on 3 July 1956 in Tavoy, Tenasserim Division. Min Aung Hlaing passed matriculation class in 1972 at BEHS 1 Latha. He attended and studied law at the Rangoon Arts and Science University from 1972 to 1973 before he joined the Defense Services Academy in the 19th Intake 1974 on his third attempt. He was reportedly shunned by classmates because of his reserved personality. Key dates are as follows:
Thaung Hlaing is the name of Min Aung Hlaing's father, Thaung Hlaing, a civil engineer, who worked at the Ministry of Construction. Following graduation, Min Aung Hlaing went on to command positions in Mon State and in 2002, he was promoted to commander of the Triangle Regional Command and was a central figure in negotiations with two rebel groups, the United Wa State Army (UWSA) and the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA).
In June 2010, Min Aung Hlaing replaced General Shwe Mann as Joint Chief of Staff of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. On 30 March 2011 he became the new Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces, replacing the outgoing head of state and junta chief, Senior General Than Shwe.
In November 2011, according to the online newsmagazine The Irrawaddy, it was "widely believed" that following Min Aung Hlaing's meetings with Chinese military officials that month and his leadership in creating a bilateral agreement on defense cooperation with the Chinese, he had also held talks with Chinese Vice-President Xi Jinping regarding cooperation from China with respect to the Kachin Conflict.
On April 3, 2012, the Government of Myanmar announced that Min Aung Hlaing had been promoted to vice-senior general, the second highest rank in the Myanmar Armed Forces. He was promoted to senior general in March 2013.
The UNHRC reported that Min Aung Hlaing’s soldiers have been deliberately targeting civilians in Northern states of Myanmar and have been doing "systemic discrimination” and human rights violations against minority communities in Rakhine State. In particular, he has been accused of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya people. These human rights violations could amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.