Military ranks of the Swedish Armed Forces

Military ranks of the Swedish Armed Forces shows the rank system used in the Swedish Armed Forces today, as well as changes during the 20th century due to changes in the personnel structure.

Current ranks

Since 2009, there are three categories of ranks, Officerare, Specialistofficerare and GSS- Gruppbefäl, soldater och sjömän


Officerare (Officers)

Officers lead units from platoon and up. They are trained at the Military Academy Karlberg in a three-year academic program(180 ECTS credits) and graduate as fänrik. Cadets with no prior service must complete a 6-9 months preparatory course before they start at the academy.

Specialistofficerare (Senior NCOs, lit. Specialist Officers)

Specialistofficerare are educated at specialist schools and centres for 1,5 years and graduate as Förste Sergeant. Experienced soldiers who have served as corporals and sergeants may take a shortened course. Civilians must complete a preparatory course before the 1,5 year specialist training starts.

GSS - Gruppbefäl, soldater och sjömän (junior NCOs, soldiers and seamen, lit. Squad leaders, soldiers and seamen)

The two highest ranks in this category, korpral and sergeant, form their own sub-category, gruppbefäl. They command squads of approx. 8 men. Ordinary soldiers are given the rank menig 1 klass with different insignia depending on how long they have served.


When the professional NCO corps was reintroduced in 2009 it was decided that some ranks in this category should, like the old underofficerare ranks in 1960-1972, have a relative rank higher than the most junior officers. The current relative ranks are shown in the table below.

OF
(Officer Ranks)
Other Ranks
(Specialistofficerare)
OF-9 (General, Amiral)
OF-8 (Generallöjtnant, Viceamiral)
OF-7 (Generalmajor, Konteramiral)
OF-6 (Brigadgeneral, Flottiljamiral)
OF-5 (Överste, Kommendör)
OF-4 (Överstelöjtnant, Kommendörkapten)
  OR-9 (Regements-/Flottiljförvaltare)
OF-3 (Major, Örlogskapten)  
OF-2 (Kapten)
  OR-8 (Förvaltare)
OF-1 (Löjtnant)
  OR-7 (Fanjunkare)
OF-1 (Fänrik)  
  OR-6 (Förste Sergeant)
GSS - Squad leaders, soldiers and seamen
OR-5 (Sergeant)
OR-4 (Korpral)
OR-3 (Vice korpral)
OR-2 (Menig 1kl)
OR-1 (Menig)

Current rank insignias

The table below shows ranks according to seniority, with the most senior to the left. OF denotes officers, OR other ranks (as per STANAG 2116). Those ranks were ratified by the supreme commander on October 24, 2008, and became effective as of January 1, 2009.[1] Military ranks of (primarily) Great Britain have been used as a basis for harmonization with NATO.

Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
No equivalent SWE-General.svg SWE-Generallöjtnant.svg SWE-Generalmajor.svg SWE-Brigadgeneral.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg None.svg
General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Brigadgeneral Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten Löjtnant Fänrik Kadett
Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
No equivalent OF-9 General FV hylsa.jpg OF-8 Generallöjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-7 Generalmajor FV hylsa.jpg OF-6 Brigadgeneral FV hylsa.jpg OF-5 Överste FV hylsa.jpg OF-4 Överstelöjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-3 Major FV hylsa.jpg OF-2 Kapten FV hylsa.jpg OF-1 Löjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-1 Fänrik FV hylsa.jpg
General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Brigadgeneral Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten Löjtnant Fänrik
Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
No equivalent OF-9 Amiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-8 Viceamiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-7 Konteramiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-6 Flottiljamiral FL hylsa.jpg Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O2.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg No equivalent
Amiral Viceamiral Konteramiral Flottiljamiral Kommendör Kommendörkapten Örlogskapten Kapten Löjtnant Fänrik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Enlisted
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
SWE-Regementsförvaltare.svg SWE-Förvaltare.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Kadett3.svg SWE-Kadett2.svg SWE-Kadett1.svg SWE-Vicekorpral.svg Branch insignia
Regementsförvaltare Förvaltare Fanjunkare Förste sergeant Sergeant Korpral Vicekorpral Menig 1 klass Menig
Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
SWE-Airforce-4Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-3Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-2Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-1Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-3Uparrow.png SWE-Airforce-2Uparrow.png SWE-Airforce-1UpArrow.png SWE-Airforce-1bar.png SWE-Airforce-0bar.png
Flottilj-förvaltare Förvaltare Fanjunkare Förste sergeant Sergeant Korpral Vicekorpral Menig 1kl Menig
Sweden Sweden
(Edit)
SWE-Navy-4Stripes.svg SWE-Navy-3Stripes.svg SWE-Navy-2Stripes.svg SWE-Navy-1Stripes.svg SWE-Navy-Kadett3.svg SWE-Navy-Kadett2.svg SWE-Navy-Kadett1.svg SWE-Navy-1bar.svg SWE-Navy-0bar.svg
Flottilj-förvaltare Förvaltare Fanjunkare Förste Sergeant Sergeant Korpral Vicekorpral Sjöman 1 klass Sjöman
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Army Gruppbefäl & Soldater Specialistofficerare Officerare
OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9
SWE-mössmärke-brunt.svg SWE-mössmärke-brunt.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg
Branch
insignia1
SWE-Vicekorpral.svg SWE-Korpral.svg SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Överfurir.svg SWE-Kadett1.svg SWE-Kadett2.svg SWE-Kadett3.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Förvaltare.svg SWE-Regementsförvaltare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-Brigadgeneral-svart.png SWE-Generalmajor-sv.png SWE-Generallöjtnant-sv.png SWE-General-sv.png
Menig Menig 1kl2 Vicekorpral Korpral Sergeant Förste
Sergeant
Fanjunkare Förvaltare Regements-
förvaltare
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major Överste-
löjtnant
Överste Brigad-
general
General-
major
General-
löjtnant
General
Navy
(Amphibious Corps)
Gruppbefäl & soldater Specialistofficerare Officerare
OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9
OR-1 Menig AMF hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år1 AMF hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år3 AMF hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år5 AMF hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år7 AMF hylsa.jpg OR-3 Vicekorpral AMF hylsa.jpg OR-4 Korpral AMF hylsa.jpg OR-5 Sergeant AMF hylsa.jpg OR-6 Förste sergeant AMF hylsa.jpg OR-7 Fanjunkare AMF hylsa.jpg OR-8 Förvaltare AMF hylsa.jpg OR-9 Regementsförvaltare AMF hylsa.jpg OF-1 Fänrik AMF hylsa.jpg OF-1 Löjtnant AMF hylsa.jpg OF-2 Kapten AMF hylsa.jpg OF-3 Major AMF hylsa.jpg OF-4 Överstelöjtnant AMF hylsa.jpg OF-5 Överste AMF hylsa.jpg OF-6 Flottiljamiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-7 Konteramiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-8 Viceamiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-9 Amiral FL hylsa.jpg
Menig Menig 1kl2 Vicekorpral Korpral Sergeant Förste
Sergeant
Fanjunkare Förvaltare Regements-
förvaltare
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major Överste-
löjtnant
Överste Brigad-
general
General-
major
General-
löjtnant
General
Navy
(The Fleet)
Gruppbefäl & Sjömän Specialistofficerare Officerare
OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9
OR-1 Menig FL hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år1 FL hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år3 FL hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år5 FL hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år7 FL hylsa.jpg OR-3 Vicekorpral FL hylsa.jpg OR-4 Korpral FL hylsa.jpg OR-5 Sergeant FL hylsa.jpg OR-6 Förste sergeant FL hylsa.jpg OR-7 Fanjunkare FL hylsa.jpg OR-8 Förvaltare FL hylsa.jpg OR-9 Flottiljförvaltare FL hylsa.jpg OF-1 Fänrik FL hylsa.jpg OF-1 Löjtnant FL hylsa.jpg OF-2 Kapten FL hylsa.jpg OF-3 Örlogskapten FL hylsa.jpg OF-4 Kommendörkapten FL hylsa.jpg OF-5 Kommendör FL hylsa.jpg OF-6 Flottiljamiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-7 Konteramiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-8 Viceamiral FL hylsa.jpg OF-9 Amiral FL hylsa.jpg
Sjöman Sjöman 1kl2 Vicekorpral Korpral Sergeant Förste
Sergeant
Fanjunkare Förvaltare Flottilj-
förvaltare
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Örlogs-
kapten
Kommendör-
kapten
Kommendör Flottilj-
amiral
Konter-
amiral
Vice-
amiral
Amiral
Air Force Gruppbefäl & soldater Specialistofficerare Officerare
OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9
OR-1 Menig FV hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år1 FV hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år3 FV hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år5 FV hylsa.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl år7 FV hylsa.jpg OR-3 Vicekorpral FV hylsa.jpg OR-4 Korpral FV hylsa.jpg OR-5 Sergeant FV hylsa.jpg OR-6 Förste sergeant FV hylsa.jpg OR-7 Fanjunkare FV hylsa.jpg OR-8 Förvaltare FV hylsa.jpg OR-9 Flottiljförvaltare FV hylsa.jpg OF-1 Fänrik FV hylsa.jpg OF-1 Löjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-2 Kapten FV hylsa.jpg OF-3 Major FV hylsa.jpg OF-4 Överstelöjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-5 Överste FV hylsa.jpg OF-6 Brigadgeneral FV hylsa.jpg OF-7 Generalmajor FV hylsa.jpg OF-8 Generallöjtnant FV hylsa.jpg OF-9 General FV hylsa.jpg
Menig Menig 1kl2 Vicekorpral Korpral Sergeant Förste
Sergeant
Fanjunkare Förvaltare Flottilj-
förvaltare
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major Överste-
löjtnant
Överste Brigad-
general
General-
major
General-
löjtnant
General
Officer
Trainees
Officer Cadets
OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5
SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg
SWE-Vicekorpral.svg SWE-Kadett1.svg SWE-Kadett2.svg SWE-Kadett3.svg
Officer Candidate First Year Second Year Third Year
Home Guard Home Guard Soldiers
OR-1 OR-2 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3
SWE-mössmärke-brunt.svg SWE-mössmärke-brunt.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg
NationalHomeGuard.png SWE-Vicekorpral.svg SWE-Kadett2.svg SWE-Kadett3.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Förvaltare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg
Menig Menig 1kl Korpral Sergeant Förste
Sergeant
Fanjunkare Förvaltare Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major
1 Menig in the Army wear no insignia other than their respective branch insignia (see table below).
2 Menig 1kl are given one additional bar/stripe after 3, 5 and 7 years of service; without advancement in rank, seniority and skill level.
Branch insignias
Infantry Cavalry Artillery Armour Air-Defense Engineer Signal Supply Army
(generic)
Kragspegel infanteri.jpg Kragspegel kavalleri.jpg Kragspegel artilleri.jpg Kragspegel pansar.jpg Kragspegel luftvärn.jpg Kragspegel ingenjör.jpg Kragspegel signal.jpg Kragspegel trängen.jpg Kragspegel armén.jpg

Distribution of personnel vs ranks

Since the end of the Cold War, Sweden has gradually abolished the mass-mobilization system based on national service and universal military training of all young males, through a system of selective draft of an increasingly lower proportion of available manpower, to a system based on volunteer enlistment. Concomitantly a large reduction of forces and capabilities has occurred, as well as a substantial increase of participation in "hot" international operations. Reflecting these new conditions a new personnel structure was introduced in 2009 (see historical section below), emphasizing junior leadership and specialist competence through the re-creation of a NCO Corps. As a result, there is a large surplus of older soldiers of officer rank that either will have to be phased out through early retirement or converted into non-commissioned officers.

Personnel[2] [3] [4] [5]
Officers, including reserve officers 2009[2] 2010[3] 2011[4] 2012[5]6
OF-9 General / Admiral 2 2 3 1 3 1
OF-7 - OF-8 Maj, General / Rear Admiral, Lt. General / Vice Admiral 40 43 21 20
OF-6 Brigadier General / Rear Admiral LH 85 86 46 47
OF-5 Colonel / Captain (N) 268 263 192 187
OF-4 Lieutenant Colonel / Commander 1,174 1,217 1,183 1,181
OF-3 Major / Lieutenant Commander 3,053 2,891 2,725 2,667
OF-2 Captain / Lieutenant (N) 7,586 7,433 7,026 6,936
OF-1 Lieutenant / Sub Lieutenant 5,652 5,428 5,093 4,981
OF-1 Second Lieutenant / Acting Sub Lieutenant 571 749 810 785
OR-9 Regimental Sergeant Major / Command Master Chief Petty Officer 0 0 0 0
OR-8 Sergeant Major / Master Chief Petty Officer ' 0 0 2 5
OR-7 Colour Sergeant 21 8 1 6
OR-6 First Sergeant 260 89+(427) 334 531
OF-OR Other officers 74 146
Total number of officers 18,712 18,636 17,508 17,494
GSS - Soldiers, seamen, specialists and squad leaders 4
OR-5 Sergeant 7705 9095 3072 3222
1,637 3 4,148 3
OR-4 Corporal
OR-3 Lance Corporal
OR-2 Private 1st class
OR-1 Private
Total number of soldiers, seamen, specialists and squad leaders 770 909 1,637 4,148
1 The King of Sweden, the supreme commander, and the former supreme commander serving in the EU as general, retaining his Swedish rank of general.
2 Sergeant (OR5) is a GSS rank, but the number is included in the table for professional officers in the annual report.
3 The annualized sum of all GSS personnel, including readiness personnel (beredskaps BSA) 607, augmentees (förstärknings FS) 477 and personnel abroad (US) 555. Disclaimer: Personnel serving abroad (US) may also consist of former professional officers serving in officer ranks. It is not clear whether the number also includes sergeants (OR5), which are recorded separately in the table "professional officers" of the annual report. Thus, the number could as well be 1,637 - 307 = 1,337.
4 This constitute the number of GSS/K, continuously serving personnel. GSS/T (reserve personnel serving some days a year) is an emerging category personnel that was not possible to measure at the time the annual report was published.
5 The sum of all personnel between OR1 and OR5, including readiness personnel (beredskaps BSA), augmentees (förstärknings FS) and personnel serving abroad (US). Disclaimer: Personnel serving abroad (US) may also consist of former professional officers serving in officer ranks.
6 This includes officers serving at times (T) as of the annual report for 2011.
Officer candidates[2][3]
Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2010 107
Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2011 117
Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2012 163
S-Officer candidates who graduate as First Sergeant 2010 317
Total officer candidates 704

Translation to English

This table shows the official translations[6] of the Swedish ranks and their abbreviations.

Translation of OR, Other Ranks to English
Code Swedish Rank Army Navy Amphibious Corps Airforce
OR-1 Menig Private Pte Seaman S Marine M Airman Amn
OR-2 Menig 1.kl Private First Class PFC Seaman First Class SFC Marine First Class MFC Airman First Class AFC
OR-3 Vicekorpral Vkrp Lance Corporal LCpl Able Seaman AS Lance Corporal LCpl Senior Airman SrA
OR-4 Korpral Krp Corporal Cpl Able Seaman First Class ASFC Corporal Cpl Corporal Cpl
OR-5 Sergeant Serg Sergeant Sgt Leading Seaman LS Sergeant Sgt Sergeant Sgt
OR-6 1:e Sergeant 1 Serg Sergeant First Class SgtFC Petty Officer PO Sergeant First Class SgtFC Sergeant First Class SgtFC
OR-7 Fanjunkare Fj Colour Sergeant CSgt Chief Petty Officer CPO Colour Sergeant CSgt Colour Sergeant CSgt
OR-8 Förvaltare Förv Sergeant Major WO2 Warrant Officer WO Sergeant Major WO2 Sergeant Major WO2
OR-9 Regementsförvaltare
Flottiljförvaltare2
Regförv
Fljförv2
Regimental Sergeant Major WO1 Chief Warrant Officer CWO Regimental Sergeant Major WO1 Wing Sergeant Major WO1
Translation of OF, Officer Ranks to English
Code Swedish Rank Army Navy Amphibious Corps Airforce
OF-1 Fänrik Fk Second Lieutenant 2Lt Acting Sub-Lieutenant ASLt Second Lieutenant 2Lt Second Lieutenant 2Lt
OF-1 Löjtnant Lt Lieutenant Lt Sub-Lieutenant SLt Lieutenant Lt Lieutenant Lt
OF-2 Kapten Kn Captain Capt Lieutenant (N)3 Lt (N)3 Captain Capt Captain Capt
OF-3 Major
Örlogskapten1
Mj
Örlkn1
Major Maj Lieutenant Commander LtCdr Major Maj Major Maj
OF-4 Överstelöjtnant
Kommendörkapten1
Övlt
KK1
Lieutenant Colonel LtCol Commander Cdr Lieutenant Colonel LtCol Lieutenant Colonel LtCol
OF-5 Överste
Kommendör1
Öv
Kmd1
Colonel Col Captain (N)3 Capt (N)3 Colonel Col Colonel Col
OF-6 Brigadgeneral
Flottiljamiral1
Bgen
Fljam1
Brigadier General BGen Rear Admiral
(lower half)
RAdm (LH) Brigadier General BGen Brigadier General BGen
OF-7 Generalmajor
Konteramiral1
Genmj
Kam1
Major General MajGen Rear Admiral RAdm Major General MajGen Major General MajGen
OF-8 Generallöjtnant
Viceamiral1
Genlt
Vam1
Lieutenant General LtGen Vice Admiral VAdm Lieutenant General LtGen Lieutenant General LtGen
OF-9 General
Amiral1
Gen
Am1
General Gen Admiral Adm General Gen General Gen
1 used in the Navy.
2 used in the Navy and Air Force.
3 for clarification of ranks, personnel in Navy appends (N) after rank or abbreviation.

Former ranks and rank insignia

When an army based on national service (conscription) was introduced in 1901 all commissioned officers had ranks that were senior to the warrant officers (underofficerare) and non-commissioned officers (underbefäl). In a reform 1926 the relative rank of the then senior warrant officer, fanjunkare, was increased to be equal with the junior officer rank underlöjtnant and above the most junior officer rank fänrik. In 1949 the relative rank of the warrant officers were elevated further so that

i. The lowest warrant officer, sergeant, had relative rank just below the lowest officer rank, fänrik.

ii. The second warrant officer rank, fanjunkare, had relative rank between fänrik and löjtnant.

iii. The highest warrant officer rank, förvaltare, had relative rank between first lieutenant and captain.

In 1972 the personnel structure changed, reflecting increased responsibilities of warrant and non-commissioned officers, renaming the underofficerare as kompaniofficerare, giving them the same ranks as company grade officers (fänrik, löjtnant, kapten). Underbefäl was renamed plutonsofficerare and given the rank titles of sergeant and fanjunkare, although their relative ranks were now placed below fänrik. The commissioned officers were renamed regementsofficerare, beginning with löjtnant. The three-track career system was maintained, as well as three separate messes.

A major change in the personnel structure in 1983 (NBO 1983), merged the three professional corps of platoon officers, company officers, and regimental officers into a one-track career system within a single corps called professional officers (yrkesofficerare). The three messes were also merged to one.

Ranks 1983 - 2009

National Servicemen
Värnpliktiga
National Service Officers
Värnpliktsofficerare
Professional Officers (one-track officer system)
Yrkesofficerare (enhetsbefäl)
Army SWE-Army-infantry.svg SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Överfurir.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-överste1.svg SWE-Brigadgeneral.png SWE-Generalmajor.png SWE-Generallöjtnant.png SWE-General.png
Trainee
ranks
Menig3
SWE-Korpral.svg
Korpral
Furir
SWE-Kadett1.svg
Cadet1
Överfurir4 Sergeant
SWE-Kadett2.svg
Cadet2
1st year
Fanjunkare4
SWE-Kadett3.svg
Cadet2
2nd year
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major Överste-
löjtnant
Överste Överste 1gr Brigad-
general
General-
major
General-
löjtnant
General
  • (1) Specialist school where aspirants graduate as Sergeant (Specialist Officer) (year 2008)
  • (2) Military Academy, cadets graduate as Fänrik
  • (3) Privates wear insignia of branch. In this case the infantry.
  • (4) No new permanent appointments to these ranks after 1990.

Ranks 1972 - 1983

National Servicemen (Värnpliktiga) National Service Officers (Värnpliktsofficerare)
Platoon Officers
(Plutonsofficerare NCO)
Company Officers
(Kompaniofficerare Limited Duty Officers)
Regimental Officers (Regementsofficerare Officers)
Regular
ranks
SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Överfurir.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-överste1.svg SWE-Generalmajor.png SWE-Generallöjtnant.png SWE-General.png
Trainee
ranks
Menig
SWE-Korpral.svg
Korpral
Furir Överfurir
SWE-Kadett1.svg
Kadett1
Sergeant
SWE-Kadett2.svgSWE-Kadett3.svg
Kadett2-3
Fanjunkare Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major
Örlogs-
kapten
Överste-
löjtnant

Kommendör-
kapten
Överste
Kommendör
Överste
1gr
Kommendör
1gr
General-
major

Konter-
amiral
General-
löjtnant

Viceamiral
General
Amiral

Ranks 1957 - 1972

National Servicemen (Värnpliktiga) National Service W.O. (Värnpliktiga underofficerare) National Service Officers (Värnpliktiga officerare)
Underbefäl (NCO) Underofficerare (Warrant Officers) Officerare (Commissioned Officers)
Regular
ranks
SWE-Korpral.svg SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Överfurir.svg SWE-Rustmastare.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Förvaltare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-Brigadgeneral.png SWE-Generalmajor.png SWE-Generallöjtnant.png
Trainee
ranks
Menig
SWE-Vicekorpral.svg
Vicekorpral
Korpral Furir Överfurir Rustmästare Sergeant
SWE-Kadett2.svgSWE-Kadett3.svg
Kadett1-2
Fanjunkare Förvaltare Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major
Örlogs-
kapten
Överste-
löjtnant

Komendör-
kapten
Överste
Komendör
General-
major

Konter-
amiral
General-
löjtnant

Viceamiral
General
Amiral


Note that the rank of Fältmarskalk (Field Marshal) was a de jure rank before the reform of 1972, even though it has not been used since 1824.

Field uniform model 1958/1959 - rank structure of 1945

Officerare
Rank insignia on collar patch General kragspegel m58 stjärna m39.jpg Generallöjtnant kragspegel m58 stjärna m39.jpg Generalmajor kragspegel m58 stjärna m39.jpg OF-5 Överste.jpg OF-4 Överstelöjtnant.jpg OF-3 Major.jpg OF-2 Kapten.jpg OF-1 Löjtnant.jpg OF-1 Fänrik.jpg
Rank General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten
Ryttmästare
Löjtnant Fänrik
Underofficerare Kadetter Underbefäl Meniga
Rank insignia on collar patch OR-8 Förvaltare.jpg OR-7 Fanjunkare.jpg OR-6 Förste sergeant.jpg OR-5 Sergeant 2.jpg OR-4 Korpral 2.jpg OR Rustmästare.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl. år 7.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl. år 5.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl. år 3.jpg OR-2 Menig 1kl. år 1.jpg Kragspegel infanteri.jpg
Rank Förvaltare Fanjunkare
Styckjunkare
Sergeant Sergeant
Senior Year at Karlberg
Sergeant
Junior Year at Karlberg
Rustmästare Överfurir Furir Korpral
Konstapel
Vicekorpral
Vicekonstapel
Menig
Infantry

Uniform model 1939 - rank structure of 1945

Officerare
Badge m/46 to field cap 11 General armén mössmärke 1946 10 Överste armén mössmärke 1946 9 Överstelöjtnant armén mössmärke 1946 8 Major armén mössmärke 1946 7 Kapten Ryttmästare armén mössmärke 1946 6 Löjtnant armén mössmärke 1946 5 Fänrik armén mössmärke 1946
Rank insignia 16 General 1939.jpg 17 Generallöjtnant 1939.jpg 18 Generalmajor 1939.jpg 1 Överste 1939.jpg 2 Överstelöjtnant 1939.jpg 3 Major 1939.jpg 4 Kapten Ryttmästare 1939.jpg 5 Löjtnant 1939.jpg 6 Fänrik 1939.jpg
Rank General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten
Ryttmästare
Löjtnant Fänrik
Underofficerare Kadetter Underbefäl Meniga
Badge to field cap 4 Förvaltare armén mössmärke 1946

m/46

3 Fanjunkare armén mössmärke 1946

m/46

2 Sergeant armén mössmärke 1946

m/46

16 Rustmästare armén mössmärke 1946-52-57

m/46-57

15 Överfurir armén mössmärke 1946-52

m/46-52

14 Furir armén mössmärke 1946-52

m/46-52

13 Korpral armén mössmärke 1946-52

m/46-52

12 Vicekorpral armén mössmärke 1946-52

m/46-52

1 Manskap armén mössmärke 1940
Rank insignia 7 Förvaltare 1946.jpg 8 Fanjunkare 1946.jpg 9 Sergeant 1946.jpg 9 Sergeant 1939.jpg 10 Rustmästare.jpg 11 Överfurir 1942.jpg 12 Furir 1939.jpg 13 Korpral Konstapel 1939.jpg 14 Vicekorpral 1939.jpg 15 Menig 1939.jpg
Rank Förvaltare Fanjunkare
Styckjunkare
Sergeant Sergeant
Junior Year at Karlberg
Rustmästare
1957
Överfurir Furir Korpral
Konstapel
Vicekorpral
Vicekonstapel
Menig

Uniform model 1939

Officerare
Badge m/40
to field cap
11 General armén mössmärke 1940 10 Överste armén mössmärke 1940 9 Överstelöjtnant armén mössmärke 1940 8 Major armén mössmärke 1940 7 Kapten Ryttmästare armén mössmärke 1940 6 Löjtnant armén mössmärke 1940 5 Fänrik armén mössmärke 1940
Rank insignia m/39 16 General 1939.jpg 17 Generallöjtnant 1939.jpg 18 Generalmajor 1939.jpg 1 Överste 1939.jpg 2 Överstelöjtnant 1939.jpg 3 Major 1939.jpg 4 Kapten Ryttmästare 1939.jpg 5 Löjtnant 1939.jpg 6 Fänrik 1939.jpg
Rank General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten
Ryttmästare
Löjtnant Fänrik
Underofficerare Manskap
Badge m/40
to field cap
6 Löjtnant armén mössmärke 1940 5 Fänrik armén mössmärke 1940 2 Sergeant armén mössmärke 1940 1 Manskap armén mössmärke 1940
Rank insignia m/39 7 Förvaltare 1939.jpg 8 Fanjunkare 1939.jpg 9 Sergeant 1939.jpg 11 Överfurir 1942.jpg 12 Furir 1939.jpg 13 Korpral Konstapel 1939.jpg 14 Vicekorpral 1939.jpg 15 Menig 1939.jpg
Rank Förvaltare Fanjunkare
Styckjunkare
Sergeant Överfurir
1942
Furir Korpral
Konstapel
Vicekorpral
Vicekonstapel
Menig

Uniform model 1923

Officerare
Cap m/23 13 General mössa m1923 12 Överste mössa m1923 11 Överstelöjtnant mössa m1923 10 Major mössa m1923 9 Kapten Ryttmästare mössa m1923 8 Löjtnant mössa m1923 7 Underlöjtnant Fänrik mössa m1923 7 Underlöjtnant Fänrik mössa m1923
Rank insignia 15 General krage 1923 14 Generallöjtnant krage 1923 13 Generalmajor krage 1923 12 Överste krage 1923 11 Överstelöjtnant krage 1923 10 Major krage 1923 9 Kapten Ryttmästare krage 1923 8 Löjtnant krage 1923 7 Underlöjtnant Fänrik krage 1923 7 Underlöjtnant Fänrik krage 1923
Rank insignia on greatcoat 15 General axelklaff m1923.jpg 14 Generallöjtnant axelklaff m1923.jpg 13 Generalmajor axelklaff m1923.jpg 12 Överste axelklaff m1923.jpg 11 Överstelöjtnant axelklaff m1923.jpg 10 Major axelklaff m1923.jpg 9 Kapten axelklaff m1923.jpg 8 Löjtnant axelklaff m1923.jpg 7 Underlöjtnant Fänrik axelklaff m1923.jpg 7 Underlöjtnant Fänrik axelklaff m1923.jpg
Rank General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten
Ryttmästare
Löjtnant Underlöjtnant
Abolished 1937
Fänrik
Kadettkrona AM 088431.jpg
Also a crown in silver on each lower sleeve until 1937.
Underofficerare Manskap
Cap m/23 6 Fanjunkare mössa m1923 efter 1926 6 Fanjunkare mössa m1923 5 Sergeant mössa m1923 1 Manskap mössa m1923
Rank insignia 6 Fanjunkare krage 1923-1925 6 Fanjunkare krage 1923 5 Sergeant krage 1923 4 Furir krage 1923 3 Korpral Konstapel krage 1923 2 Vicekorpral Vicekonstapel krage 1923 1 Manskap krage 1923
Rank insignia on greatcoat 6 Fanjunkare axelklaff m1923 efter 1925.jpg 6 Fanjunkare axelklaff m1923.jpg 5 Sergeant axelklaff m1923.jpg 4 Furir axelklaff m1923.jpg 3 Korpral axelklaff m1923.jpg 2 Vicekorpral axelklaff m1923.jpg 1 Manskap axelklaff m1923.jpg
Rank Fanjunkare
Styckjunkare
with relative rank as Underlöjtnant
Fanjunkare
Styckjunkare
Sergeant Furir Korpral
Konstapel
Vicekorpral
Menig

Uniform model 1910

Officerare
Badge m/14 for fur cap 9 General armén mössmärke 1914 8 Överste armén mössmärke 1914 7 Överstelöjtnant armén mössmärke 1914 6 Major armén mössmärke 1914 5 Kapten Ryttmästare armén mössmärke 1914 4 Löjtnant armén mössmärke 1914 3 Underlöjtnant Fänrik armén mössmärke 1914
Badge m/10-14 for hat 9 General armén hatt m1910-14 8 Överste armén hatt m1910-14 7 Överstelöjtnant armén hatt m1910-14 6 Major armén hatt m1910-14 5 Kapten Ryttmästare armén hatt m1910-14 4 Löjtnant armén hatt m1910-14 3 Underlöjtnant armén hatt m1910-14
Rank insignia m/10 OF-9 General 1910.png OF-8 Generallöjtnant 1910.png OF-7 Generalmajor 1910.png 12 Överste axelträns m1910.jpg 11 Överstelöjtnant axelträns m1910.jpg 10 Major axelträns m1910.jpg 9 Kapten Ryttmästare axelträns m1910.jpg 8 Löjtnant axelträns m1910.jpg 7 Underlöjtnant Fänrik axelträns m1910.jpg
Rank General Generallöjtnant Generalmajor Överste Överstelöjtnant Major Kapten
Ryttmästare
Löjtnant Underlöjtnant

Fänrik 1915

Underofficerare Manskap
Badge m/14 for fur cap 2 Fanjunkare armén mössmärke 1914 1 Sergeant armén mössmärke 1914 -
Badge m/10-14 for hat 2 Fanjunkare armén hatt m1910-14 1 Sergeant armén hatt m1910-14 0 Manskap armén hatt m1910
Rank insignia m/10 6 Fanjunkare Styckjunkare axelträns m1910.jpg 5 Sergeant axelträns m1910.jpg 4 Furir axelklaff m1910.jpg 3 Korpral axelklaff m1910.jpg 2 Vicekorpral axelklaff m1910.jpg 1 Manskap axelklaff m1910.jpg
Rank Fanjunkare
Styckjunkare
Sergeant Distinktionskorpral
Förste konstapel
Furir 1915
Korpral
Konstapel
Vicekorpral
Menig

References

  1. ^ Lieutenant Colonel Landström, Matthias (April 2008). "Utveckling av tvåbefälssystemet i Försvarsmakten 16100:66576": 5.
  2. ^ a b c http://www.mil.se/upload/dokumentfiler/Årsredovisningar/Årsredovisning%202008/Bilaga%203%20Årsredovisning%202008.pdf
  3. ^ a b c http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/upload/dokumentfiler/%C3%85rsredovisningar/%C3%85rsredovisning%202009/%C3%85R%2009%20bilaga%202.pdf
  4. ^ a b http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/upload/dokumentfiler/Årsredovisningar/Årsredovisning 2010/Bilaga 2 ÅR 2010.pdf
  5. ^ a b http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/upload/dokumentfiler/Årsredovisningar/Årsredovisning%202011/Bilaga2.pdf
  6. ^ Translation of ranks to English
  • Research: Ph.D. thesis in "War and the career system", Dagens Nyheter by Professor Mats Alvesson, researcher of military organization at Lunds University, and Karl Ydén at the University of Göteborg.[1]

External links

Brigadgeneral

Brigadgeneral is an officer's rank in Sweden and Finland, immediately above Överste and below Generalmajor. Sweden: The rank was introduced in 2000 to replace the old rank of Överste av 1:a graden (Colonel 1st Class). It is translated officially by the Swedish Army to Brigadier General. However, almost all officers in this rank do not command brigades, regiments or battalions; but take up senior tasks related to administration, staff, education, planning. Each of the (F)HQ units available (see Swedish Armed Forces) supports a unit which is commanded by a Brigadgeneral

Fanjunkare

Fanjunkare (previously "Styckjunkare" in the Artillery), is a Swedish military rank above Förste Sergeant and below Förvaltare.

The word 'Fanjunkare' is derived from German 'Fahnenjunker', and denotes a standard-bearer, hence 'Colour Sergeant'. 'Styckjunkare' comes from German 'Stückjunker', and denotes a gentleman of ordnance, hence 'Master Gunner'.

Fänrik

Fänrik (Swedish: [ˈfɛnrɪk]) and vänrikki (Finnish: [ˈʋænrikːi]), both from the German Fähnrich, are a Swedish and Finnish military rank. A typical assignment for a professional Fänrik is as junior instructor of recruits. In Finland, the rank vänrikki is used in active service by reserve officers who remain in service as for 6-to-12-months-long additional term to serve as sopimussotilas. In addition, it is the lowest reserve officer rank. Finnish Defence Forces rank of Vänrikki is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-1.

Förste sergeant

Förste Sergeant (First Sergeant) is a Swedish military rank above Sergeant (Sweden) and below Fanjunkare. First Sergeant is an entry or transitional level professional rank awarded after a minimum of 6 months of basic training followed by 18 months (3 semesters) of professional training. A typical role of a First Sergeant is to act as a section commander of 6-12 men or platoon 2 I/C. Corresponding ranks in the Navy are Förste styrman, Förste maskinist, and Förste konstapel.

Förvaltare

Förvaltare is a Swedish military rank above Fanjunkare and below Regementsförvaltare in the army and Flottiljförvaltare in the Air force and is translated to Sergeant Major. Holders of the rank may serve as senior specialist and/or as assistant platoon leader or platoon leader. The original military meaning of the word 'Förvaltare' was the same as 'Conductor', as in a Warrant Officer Conductor of Ordnance Stores or Quartermaster Stores.

General (Sweden)

General, Finnish: kenraali is the highest officer's rank in Sweden and Finland. In Sweden, it is held by the Supreme Commander (Swedish: överbefälhavare) of the Swedish Armed Forces and the monarch. In Finland, it is held by the Chief of Defence. In Sweden, the monarch still holds the nominal rank of General as well as Admiral and General of the Air Force.

Finnish Defence Forces rank of kenraali is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-9.

Generallöjtnant

Generallöjtnant is an officer's rank in Sweden and Finland, immediately above Generalmajor and below General. In Sweden, the rank is translated as lieutenant general. The Director, Joint Staff of Armed Forces Headquarters, the Director of Operations and the Director of Production hold this rank.

Finnish Defence Forces rank of Kenraaliluutnantti is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-8

Generalmajor (Sweden)

Generalmajor is an officer's rank in Sweden and Finland, immediately above Brigadgeneral and below Generallöjtnant.

Finnish Defence Forces rank of Kenraalimajuri is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-7

Kadett

Kadett corresponds to Cadet in English and is a term used in Sweden to denote officer candidates studying in order to become an officer.

There are basically two ways to become officer as described below.

Kapten

Kapten (Kapteeni in Finnish) (From the Latin word capitaneus meaning head man or chief) is a professional and conscripted military rank in Sweden obtained by employed military personnel after one year as löjtnannt and completing a 40-week course (Note. It is no longer possible for conscripts to obtain the rank); Finland and Estonia, immediately above Löjtnant in Sweden and Yliluutnantti in Finland and just below Major in the Army ranks. In the Navy, the rank is immediately above Löjtnant and just below Örlogskapten.

Finnish Defence Forces rank of Kapteeni is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-2.

Korpral

Korpral is a Swedish military rank corresponding to OR-4, usually serving as a squad leader, deputy squad leader or in a specialized function.

Löjtnant

Löjtnant (from French lieutenant) is a Swedish and Finnish military rank (in Finnish, luutnantti). In Sweden, it is a Swedish professional, reserve and conscripted military rank, immediately above Fänrik and just below kapten.

In Sweden, the professional rank is obtained after two years as Fänrik.

Finnish Defence Forces rank of Luutnantti is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-1.

Major (Sweden)

Major (Majuri in Finnish) is a military officer's rank in Sweden and Finland, ranking above Kapten and below Överstelöjtnant. Swedish Kapten(s) are promoted to the rank after the completion of a 40-week course at the National Defense College.Finnish Defence Forces rank of Majuri is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-3.

Rustmästare

Rustmästare is a former Swedish rank that literally means the one responsible for the armory.

Sergeant (Sweden and Finland)

Sergeant (kersantti in Finnish) is a Swedish and Finnish military rank above korpral in Sweden and alikersantti in Finland; and below förste sergeant in Sweden and Ylikersantti in Finland.

Sweden

Sergeant is a rank given to contracted personnel. Holders of the rank generally serve as squad leaders or deputy squad leaders (6-8 men).

Finland

contracted NCOs usually start from sergeant, in infantry platoons sergeants may serve as squad leaders (6-8 men), deputy platoon commanders (~30 men) or rarely even a platoon commanders, or at company level as Company Sergeant Majors.

Vicekorpral

Vicekorpral (Vicekonstapel in the artillery) is a Swedish rank above Menig and below Korpral that existed until 1972 as a trainee rank for conscripts who were undertaking training to become deputy squad leaders or squad leaders.

The rank was reintroduced 2009 to denote soldiers at OR-3 level.

Överfurir

Överfurir is an obsolete Swedish military rank established 1942 and placed above furir. Before 1972 the rank was a professional rank within the underbefäls category, and from 1972 to 1983 it was the highest rank within the gruppbefäls category. The holder of the rank typically served as instructor of conscripts corresponding to the present ranks of fänrik and löjtnant. A non-professional military service furir could obtain the rank through volunteer promotional courses within Försvarsutbildarna (FBU). It was removed as a professional rank in 1983, but appointments of non-professionals to the rank continued until 1991. Prior appointees retain their rank. Temporary appointments are still made in some circumstances, primarily for the duration of international peacekeeping missions. Police officers in international operations receive this rank to distinguish them from military police trained by the army.

Överste

Överste (eversti in Finnish) is an officer rank in Finland and Sweden, immediately above överstelöjtnant (everstiluutnantti) and below brigadgeneral (prikaatikenraali). It literally means "the highest" and has originally been a rank for regiment commanders. In Finland, brigades are also commanded by holders of this rank. It is the highest rank below general officers.

Finnish Defense Forces rank of Eversti is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-5

Överstelöjtnant

Överstelöjtnant (Everstiluutnantti in Finnish) is an officer's rank in Finland and Sweden, immediately above Major (Majuri) and just below Överste (Eversti). Majors who completes a two year management course at the National Defense college in Sweden are promoted to the rank.

Finnish Defence Forces rank of Everstiluutnantti is comparable to Ranks of NATO armies officers as OF-4

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