Military ranks of the Philippines

The following list presents the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, one of Asia's oldest armed services.

Introduction

The current Philippine military ranks are inspired partially by the very first military insignia used by the military forces during the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and the Philippine–American War, and the insignia used by the Philippine Constabulary raised in 1902 during the final days of the Philippine–American War, which was basically the same style of insignia used by the United States Army at that time. Elements of both the US army ranks and the old Philippine Army appear in the current ranks; this was reflected at the general officers insignia and enlisted ranks that resembled those of the US military (the silver stars used by generals and admirals were used by field grade officers in the First Republic), the field officers [like colonels], whose insignia are suns, use those insignia used by general officers of the Revolutionary Army. Company rank insignia[i.e. captain], consisting of a silver triangle, are a recent creation. Both company grade and field grade officer insignia have the baybayin letter ka ( K) in the middle, another throwback to the days of the war for independence, and even in the medal used by second-level members of the Katipunan during meetings, in which the letter is in the center.

Revolutionary Army ranks

These rank insignia for the nascent army were created in late 1896, replacing the earlier rank insignia used by the Katipuneros containing the letter K (ka). Ranks were then wore on the sleeves of all uniforms.

Shoulder epaulette insignia was introduced in late 1898, some time after the declaration of Philippine independence. It is strange that the insignia for the rank of Second Lieutenant and Major has three silver and gold stars, respectively, and the number of stars are reduced when promoted.

Officer ranks

Revolutionary Army ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Sleeve insignia Shoulder epaulette insignia
(1899-1901)
Minister Marshal Ministeryong Marisikal Ministro Marisikal
PR Ministro Mariscal.svg
General Heneral General
PR General.svg
PR General SE.svg
Lieutenant General Tenyente Heneral Teniente General
PR Teniente General.svg
PR Teniente General SE.svg
Major General Heneral ng Dibisyon General de División
PR Mayor General.svg
PR General de Division SE.svg
Brigadier General Heneral ng Brigada General de Brigada
PR General de Brigada.svg
PR General de Brigada SE.svg
Colonel Koronel Coronel
PR Coronel.svg
PR Coronel SE.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Tenyente Koronel Teniente Coronel
PR Teniente Coronel.svg
PR Teniente Coronel SE.svg
Major Komandante Comandante
PR Mayor.svg
PR Comandante SE.svg
Captain Kapitán Capitán
PR Capitán.svg
PR Capitan SE.svg
Lieutenant Tenyente Teniente
PR Teniente.svg
PR Teniente SE.svg
Alférez

Second lieutenant

(putative)

Alpéres

Ikalawang Tenyente

Alférez

Segundo Teniente

PR Alferez SE.svg

Revolutionary Army enlisted ranks

Revolutionary Army ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Sleeve insignia
Sergeant Sarhento Sargento
PR Sargento.svg
Corporal Kabo Cabo
PR Cabo.svg

Present rank insignia of the Philippine armed forces

The current AFP insignia used today are a modification of the system first used in 1954-55 as part of the Filipinization of the military forces by then President and former Secretary of National Defense Ramon Magsaysay, ending years of the US-styled rank system in place since 1935. Prior to that period, the Philippines used the same rank insignia of the United States Armed Forces with modifications for Philippine conditions.[1][2]

Officer ranks

Officer Ranks (English) Officer ranks (Spanish) Battledress collar insignia
(Army, Air Force and Marines)
Full dress shoulder insignia
(Army and Air Force)
Army Service dress shoulder insignia Air Force Service dress shoulder insignia Navy white dress shoulder insignia
Navy full black dress sleeve insignia
Navy and Marine Corps service dress collar insignia
General/Admiral General de Ejercito/General de Fuerza Aerea/
Almirante
PHIL ARMY GEN WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh
PA GEN Svc
PAF GEN Svc
PN ADM WhtDr
PN ADM BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh
Lieutenant General/Vice Admiral Teniente General/Vicealmirante
PHIL ARMY LTGEN WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh
PA LTGEN Svc
PAF LTGEN Svc
PN VADM WhtDr
PN VADM BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh
Major General/Rear Admiral General de Division/Contraalmirante
PHIL ARMY MGEN WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh
PA MGEN Svc
PAF MGEN Svc
PN RADM WhtDr
PN RADM BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh
Brigadier General/Commodore General de Brigada/Comodoro de Armada
PHIL ARMY BGEN WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
PA BGEN Svc
PAF BGEN Svc
PN CDRE WhtDr
PN CDRE BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
Colonel/Captain Coronel/Capitan de Navio
PHIL ARMY COL WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh
PA COL Svc
PAF COL Svc
PN CPT WhtDr
PN CPT BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh
Lieutenant Colonel/Commander Teniente Colonel'/'Comandante
PHIL ARMY LTC WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh
PA LTC Svc
PAF LTC Svc
PN CDR WhtDr
PN CDR BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh
Major/Lieutenant Commander Comandante/Teniente Comandante
PHIL ARMY MAJ WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
PA MAJ Svc
PAF MAJ Svc
PN LCDR WhtDr
PN LTCDR BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
Captain/Lieutenant Senior Grade Capitan/Teniente de Navio
PHIL ARMY CPT WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh
PA CPT Svc
PAF CPT Svc
PN LTSG WhtDr
PN LTSG BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh
First Lieutenant/Lieutenant Junior Grade Teniente Primero/Teniente de Fragata
PHIL ARMY 1LT WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh
PA 1LT Svc
PAF 1LT Svc
PN LTJG WhtDr
PN LTJG BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh
Second Lieutenant/Ensign Teniente Segundo/Alferez de Navio
PHIL ARMY 2LT WOODLAND
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg
PA 2LT Svc
PAF 2LT Svc
PN ENS WhtDr
PN ENS BlkDr-Slv
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg

Enlisted personnel

Note: currently senior NCO rank insignia for personnel promoted recently to these ranks in the Philippine Marine Corps, and since 2019 the enlisted and NCO personnel of the Philippine Military Academy Band sport US style enlisted rank insignia.

Army and Marines

Ground forces ranks (English) Army and Marine Corps battledress collar
and Army service dress sleeve insignia
Marine Corps service dress sleeve insignia
First Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY CMSG WOODLAND
PMC CMSG Slv
Senior Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SMSG WOODLAND
PMC SMSG Slv
Master Sergeant
PHIL ARMY MSG WOODLAND
PMC MSG Slv
Technical Sergeant
PHIL ARMY TSG WOODLAND
PMC TSG Slv
Staff Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SSG WOODLAND
PMC SSG Slv
Sergeant
PHIL ARMY SGT WOODLAND
PMC SGT Slv
Corporal
PHIL ARMY CPL WOODLAND
PMC CPL Slv
Private First Class
PHIL ARMY PFC WOODLAND
PMC PFC Slv
Private
PHIL ARMY PVT WOODLAND
PMC PVT Slv

Air Force

Until the early years of the 21st century the Air Forces sported the same enlisted insignia as the other services, its current enlisted rank insignia mirrors that of the United States Air Force, with the use of the national diamond roundel.

Air force ranks (English) Battledress collar insignia Service dress sleeve insignia Full dress sleeve insignia
First Chief Master Sergeant
Chief Master Sergeant
PAF CMSG WOODLAND
PAF CMSG SL
PAF CMSG FD
Senior Master Sergeant
PAF SMSG WOODLAND
PAF SMSG SL
PAF SMSG FD
Master Sergeant
PAF MSG WOODLAND
PAF MSG SL
PAF MSGT FD
Technical Sergeant
PAF TSG WOODLAND
PAF TSG SL
PAF TSG FD
Staff Sergeant
PAF SSG WOODLAND
PAF SSG SL
PAF SSG FD
Sergeant
PAF SGT WOODLAND
PAF SGT SL
PAF SGT FD
Airman First Class
PAF A1C WOODLAND
PAF A1C SL
PAF A1C FD
Airman Second Class
PAF A2C WOODLAND
PAF A2C SL
PAF A2C FD
Airman
PAF AR WOODLAND
PAF AR SL
PAF AR FD

Navy and Coast Guard

Naval enlisted ratings (English) Collar insignia Sleeve insignia (Navy) Sleeve insignia (Coast Guard)
First Master Chief Petty Officer
Master Chief Petty Officer
PN MCPO Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Master Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia
Senior Chief Petty Officer
PN SCPO Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Senior Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia
Chief Petty Officer
PN CPO Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia
Petty officer, first class
PN PO1 Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Petty Officer 1st Class Rank Insignia
Petty officer, second class
PN PO2 Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Petty Officer 2nd Class Rank Insignia
Petty officer, third class
PN PO3 Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Petty Officer 3rd Class Rank Insignia
Seaman First Class
PN SN1 Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Coast Guardsman Rank Insignia
Seaman Second Class
PN SN2 Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Coast Guardsman Apprentice Rank Insignia
Apprentice Seaman
PN SN Slv
Philippine Coast Guard Coast Guardsman Recruit Rank Insignia

See also

References

  1. ^ Shoulder Ranks (Officers), The Philippine Army.(archived from the original Archived August 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine on 2012-07-01)
  2. ^ Philippine Military Rank Insignia, Globalsecurity.org.
Field Marshals (Philippines)

For other nations which use this rank, see field marshal Field Marshal of the Philippines was a rank created in 1936 to be held by Douglas MacArthur.

First chief master sergeant

The rank of first chief master sergeant in the Armed Forces of the Philippines was passed in a bill filed by Senator Rodolfo Biazon back in July 2004. It is expected that President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo will sign it very soon, enabling the rank to be created.

First master chief petty officer

The naval rank of First Master Chief Petty Officer in the Armed Forces of the Philippines has been passed in a bill filed by Senator Rodolfo Biazon back in July 2004. It is expected that President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo will sign it very soon, enabling the rank to be created. The equivalent rank in the Philippine Army will be first chief master sergeant.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Outline of the Philippines

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Philippines:

The Philippines – sovereign country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands with a total land area, including inland bodies of water, of approximately 300,000 square kilometers (120,000 sq mi). Its 36,289 kilometers (22,549 mi) of coastline makes it the country with the 5th longest coastline in the world.

Military ranks and insignia by country
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