Military ranks of the Colombian Armed Forces

The Military ranks of the Colombian armed forces consist of the list and ordering of the different military ranks, for the Officers, Non-commissioned officers (NCOs) and soldiers, seamen and airmen ("other ranks") of the Military Forces of Colombia. The ranks are visually represented by insignias placed on the uniforms, usually at the shoulders, sleeves and shirt collars.

Note that a literal translation from Spanish to English may be misleading as the rank names don't necessarily follow the customary order used in anglophone military ranks in all cases. Furthermore, Colombia is not a member of NATO, so there is not an official equivalence between the Colombian military ranks and those defined by NATO. The displayed parallel is approximate and for illustration purposes only.

Foundational law

The professional ranking of the Military Forces of Colombia is founded on the article 217 of the Political Constitution of Colombia,[1] regimented through multiple Laws and Decrees, starting with the Decree #1790 from 2000,[2] up to the latest and most updated one, Law #1405 of 2010.[3]

According to the former, the rankings of the military officers were slightly modified: It adds the ranks of "Lieutenant General" (Spanish: Teniente General) for the Army and the National Police, "Air Lieutenant General" (Spanish: Teniente General del Aire) for the Air Force, and "Squadron Admiral" ( Spanish: Almirante de Escuadra) for the Navy. These ranks are identified by 3 (three) stars or suns according to the service branch. This change was instituted in order to more accurately reflect international standards in the command structure used by other armed forces. The maximum rank formally achievable by an officer of the armed forces is that of General or Admiral of 4 (four) stars or suns, according to the service branch.

In terms of protocol, the established order for the forces is Army, Navy, Air Force, Police, as established by the Military Rules of Protocol (Reglamento de Protocolo Militar FFMM)[4]

Army

Escudo Ejercito Nacional de Colombia
Coat of Arms of the Colombian National Army

The Colombian Army is the largest of the three service branches of the Military Forces of Colombia, tasked with defending sovereignty and law and order across the national territory. The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Army personnel.[5] [6]

Officers

Equivalent
NATO Code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) & Student officer
Colombia Colombia
(Edit)
No equivalent Colombia-Army-OF-9.svg No equivalent Colombia-Army-OF-7.svg Colombia-Army-OF-6.svg Colombia-Army-OF-5.svg Colombia-Army-OF-4.svg Colombia-Army-OF-3.svg Colombia-Army-OF-2.svg Colombia-Army-OF-1b.svg Colombia-Army-OF-1a.svg
General de Ejercito Mayor General Brigadier General Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente Subteniente
Abbr. - GR - MG BG CR TC MY CT TE ST

Enlisted

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Colombia Colombia
(Edit)
Colombia-Army-OR-9c Colombia-Army-OR-9b Colombia-Army-OR-9a Colombia-Army-OR-8 Colombia-Army-OR-7 Colombia-Army-OR-6 Colombia-Army-OR-5 Colombia-Army-OR-4 Colombia-Army-OR-3 Colombia-Army-OR-2 Rank insignia of dragoneante of the Colombian Army.svg Rank insignia of soldado profesional of the Colombian Army.svg No insignia
Sargento Mayor de Comando Conjunto Sargento Mayor de Ejército Sargento Mayor de Comando Sargento Mayor Sargento Primero Sargento Vice Primero Sargento Segundo Cabo Primero Cabo Segundo Cabo Tercero Dragoneante Soldado Profesional Soldado
Abbr. SMCC SME SMC SM SP SV SS CP CS C3 DG SLP SL

Navy

Escudo Armada Nacional de Colombia
Coat of Arms of the Colombian Navy

The Colombian Navy (Spanish: Armada de la República de Colombia) is the maritime service branch of the Military Forces of Colombia, responsible for security and defense in both the Atlantic (Caribbean) and Pacific seas of Colombia, the extensive network of rivers inside the country, and a few small land areas under its direct jurisdiction. The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Navy personnel. [5][7]

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Colombia Colombia
(Edit)
No equivalent Generic-Navy-O11.svg No equivalent Generic-Navy-O10.svg Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O2.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg No equivalent
Almirante Vicealmirante Contralmirante Capitán de Navío Capitán de Fragata Capitán de Corbeta Teniente de Navío Teniente de Fragata Teniente de Corbeta
Abbr. - ALM - VALM CALM CN CF CC TN TF TK -

Enlisted

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Colombia Colombia
(Edit)
Jefe Técnico de Comando Conjunto Armada Colombia.png Jefe Técnico de Comando Armada Colombia.png Suboficial jefe tecnico armada colombia.svg Suboficial jefe armada colombia.svg Suboficial primero armada colombia.svg Suboficial segundo armada colombia.svg Suboficial tercero armada colombia.svg Marinero primero armada colombia.svg Marinero segundo armada colombia.svg No equivalent
Joint Command Chief Technical Petty Officer
Suboficial Jefe Técnico de Comando Conjunto
Command Chief Technical Petty Officer
Suboficial Jefe Técnico de Comando
Master Chief Petty Officer
Suboficial Jefe Técnico
Chief Petty Officer
Suboficial Jefe
Petty Officer 1st Class
Suboficial Primero
Petty Officer 2nd Class
Suboficial Segundo
Petty Officer 3rd Class
Suboficial Tercero
Seaman 1st class
Marinero Primero
Seaman 2nd class
Marinero Segundo
Abbr. SJTCC SJTC SJT SJ S1 S2 S3 MA1 MA2 -

Marine Infantry

Escudo Infanteria de Marina de Colombia
Coat of arms of the Colombian Marine Infantry

In Colombia, the Marine Infantry is a Corps depending on the Colombian Navy and not a full service branch on its own. Being tasked with amphibious and riverine and littoral operations, the MI presents a somewhat odd combination of ranking names derived from the Army, combined with naval insignias. The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Marine Infantry personnel.[5]

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Colombia Colombia No equivalent Generic-Navy-O11.svg No equivalent Generic-Navy-O10.svg Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O2.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg No equivalent
General Mayor General Brigadier General Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente Subteniente
Abbr. - GR - MG BG CR TC MY CT TE ST -

Non-Commissioned Officers and Infantrymen

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Colombia Colombia None.svg Sargento mayor de comando infanteria marina.svg Sargento mayor infanteria marina.svg Sargento primero infanteria marina.svg Sargento viceprimero infanteria marina.svg Sargento segundo infanteria marina.svg Cabo primero infanteria marina.svg Cabo segundo infanteria marina.svg Cabo tercero infanteria marina.svg No insignia
Sargento Mayor de Comando Conjunto Sargento Mayor de Comando Sargento Mayor Sargento Primero Sargento Vice Primero Sargento Segundo Cabo Primero Cabo Segundo Cabo Tercero Infante Regular
Abbr. SMCCCIM SMCCIM SMCIM SPCIM SVCIM SSCIM CPCIM CSCIM C3CIM -

Air Force

Escudo Fuerza Aerea Colombiana
Coat of arms of the Colombian Air Force

The Colombian Air Force is the service branch of the Military Forces of Colombia tasked with the protection and defense of the Colombian sovereign airspace. The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Air Force personnel.[5]

Officers

Equivalent
NATO Code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Colombia Colombia
(Edit)
No equivalent General col fuerza aerea.svg No equivalent Mayor general col fuerza aerea.svg Brigadier general col air force.svg Coronel col fuerza aerea.svg Teniente coronel col fuerza aerea.svg Mayor col fuerza aerea.svg Capitan col fuerza aerea.svg Teniente col fuerza aerea.svg Subteniente col fuerza aerea.svg
General del Aire Mayor General del Aire Brigadier General del Aire Coronel Teniente Coronel Mayor Capitán Teniente Subteniente
Abbr. - GR - MG BG CR TC MY CT TE ST

Enlisted

Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Colombia Colombia
(Edit)
Tecnico jefe de comando fuerza aerea Tecnico jefe de comando fuerza aerea Tecnico jefe fuerza aerea Tecnico subjefe fuerz aerea Tecnico primero fuerza aerea Tecnico segundo fuerza aerea Tecnico tercero fuerza aerea Tecnico cuarto fuerza aerea Aerotecnico fuerza aerea No equivalent
Técnico Jefe de Comando Conjunto Técnico Jefe de Comando Técnico Jefe Técnico Subjefe Técnico Primero Técnico Segundo Técnico Tercero Técnico Cuarto Aerotécnico
Abbr. TJCC TJC TJ TS TP T2 T3 T4 AT -

References

  1. ^ Secretaría Senado de la República de Colombia (ed.). "Constitución Política de Colombia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  2. ^ Secretaría Senado de la República de Colombia (ed.). "Decreto 1790 de 2000 - Normas de carrera del personal de oficiales y suboficiales de las Fuerzas Militares" (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  3. ^ Secretaría Senado de la República de Colombia (ed.). "Ley 1405 de 2010 - Nuevos Grados Militares" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  4. ^ Policía Nacional de Colombia (ed.). "Reglamento de Ceremonial y Protocolo Policial" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d Congreso de la República de Colombia (28 July 2010). "Ley 1405 de 2010 Nuevos Grados Militares" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  6. ^ Ejército de Colombia (15 March 2011). "Grados y distintivos del Ejército" (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  7. ^ Armada Republica de Colombia (2006). "Insignias de la Armada" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 April 2011.

External links

Colombian Navy

The Colombian Navy, officially the Colombian National Navy (Spanish: Armada Nacional de la República de Colombia), also known as the "Armada Nacional" or just the "Armada" in Spanish, is the naval branch of the military forces of Colombia.

The Navy is responsible for security and defence in the Colombian zones of both the Atlantic (Caribbean) and Pacific oceans, the extensive network of rivers inside the country, and a few small land areas under its direct jurisdiction.

The Colombian Navy has a strength of 35,086 personnel as of September 2013 including approximately 22,000 in the Marine Infantry corps.The acronym "ARC", (Spanish: Armada de la República de Colombia) is used both as the official ship prefix for all the Colombian Navy ships, as well as a common short name for the Navy itself.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Military Forces of Colombia

The Military Forces of Colombia (Spanish: Fuerzas Militares de Colombia) are the unified armed forces of the Republic of Colombia. They consist of the Colombian Army, the Colombian Navy and the Colombian Air Force. The National Police of Colombia, although technically not part of the military, is controlled and administered by the Ministry of National Defence, and national conscription also includes service in the National Police, thus making it a de facto gendarmerie and a branch of the military. The President of Colombia is the military's commander in chief, and helps formulate defense policy through the Ministry of National Defence, which is in charge of day-to-day operations.

The Military Forces of Colombia have their roots in the Army of the Commoners (Ejército de los Comuneros), which was formed on 7 August 1819 – before the establishment of the present day Colombia – to meet the demands of the Revolutionary War against the Spanish Empire. After their triumph in the war, the Army of the Commoners disbanded, and the Congress of Angostura created the Gran Colombian Army to replace it, thus establishing the first military service branch of the country.

The Colombian military was operationally involved in World War II and was the only Latin American country to send troops to the Korean War. Ever since the advent of the Colombian Conflict, the Colombian military has been involved in combat, pacification, counter-insurgency, and drug interdiction operations all over the country's national territory. Recently it has participated in counter-piracy efforts in the Horn of Africa under Operation Ocean Shield and Operation Atlanta.

The military of Colombia is the third largest in the Western Hemisphere in terms of active personnel and has the third largest expenditure in the Americas, behind the United States Armed Forces and Brazilian Armed Forces respectively..

Military ranks of the Colombian Air Force

This is the Air Force section of the Military ranks of the Colombian Armed Forces.

The Colombian Air Force is the service branch of the Military Forces of Colombia tasked with the protection and defense of the Colombian sovereign airspace.

The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Air Force personnel.

Military ranks of the Colombian Army

This is the Army section of the Military ranks of the Colombian Armed Forces.

The Colombian Army is the largest of the three service branches of the Military Forces of Colombia, tasked with defending sovereignty and law and order across the national territory.

The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Army personnel.

Military ranks of the Colombian Marine Infantry

This is the Marine Infantry section of the Military ranks of the Colombian Armed Forces.

In Colombia, the Marine Infantry is a part of the Colombian Navy and not a full service branch on its own. Being tasked with amphibious and riverine and littoral operations, the MI presents a somewhat odd combination of ranking names derived from the Army, combined with naval insignias.

The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Marine Infantry personnel.

Military ranks of the Colombian Navy

The Colombian Navy (Spanish: Armada de la República de Colombia) is the maritime service branch of the Military Forces of Colombia, responsible for security and defense in both the Atlantic (Caribbean) and Pacific seas of Colombia, the extensive network of rivers inside the country, and a few small land areas under its direct jurisdiction.

The tables below display the rank structures and rank insignias for the Colombian Navy personnel.

National Army of Colombia

The National Army of Colombia (Spanish: Ejército Nacional de Colombia) is the land warfare service branch of the Military Forces of Colombia. With over 220,000 active personnel as of 2018, it is the largest and oldest service branch in Colombia, and the third largest army in the Americas after Brazil and the United States.

It is headed by the Commander of the National Army (Comandante del Ejército Nacional), falls under the authority of the General Commander of the Military Forces (Comandante General de las Fuerzas Militares), and is supervised by the Ministry of National Defense, which answers to the President of Colombia.The modern Colombian Army has its roots in the Army of the Commoners (Ejército de los Comuneros), which was formed on 7 August 1819 – before the establishment of the present day Colombia – to meet the demands of the Revolutionary War against the Spanish Empire. After their triumph against the Spanish, the Army of the Commoners disbanded, and the Congress of Angostura created the Gran Colombian Army to replace it. Throughout its history, the Colombian Army has seen action in several wars and civil conflicts, including the Gran Colombia-Peru War, the Ecuadorian–Colombian War, the Thousand Days War, and the Korean War. Since the mid-1960s, the Colombian Army has been involved in a low-intensity asymmetrical war known as the Colombian Armed Conflict.

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