Military ranks of Ukraine

The military ranks of Ukraine were created in March 1992 after adopting the law of Ukraine "About Universal Military Duty and Military Service". The rank structure corresponds the generic military rank structure of the Soviet Union. Ukrainian armed forces have two styles of ranks - army, which is used by ground forces as well as aerial forces, and naval - the Ukrainian Navy.

Ukraine, like the Russian Federation, eliminated the descriptor "of aviation" following the air force ranks and in 2016 the descriptor "guards" following the rank of a serviceman of a guards unit, formation or ship was officially abolished. The rank of a serviceman of the legal, medical or veterinary professions shall be followed by the words “of Justice,” “of the medical service,” or “of the veterinary service,” to their respective ranks. The rank of a citizen having reserve or retired status shall be followed by the words “reserve” or “retired,” respectively.[1]

Ukraine also added ranks the general of Army of Ukraine as well as admiral of Ukrainian Navy.

Armed Forces of Ukraine
Emblem of the Ukrainian Armed Forces
Main branches
Emblem of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.svg Ground Forces
Emblem of the Ukrainian Air Force.svg Air Force
Emblem of the Ukrainian Navy.svg Navy
Emblem of Airmobile troops of Ukraine.svg Airmobile Forces
Special Operations Forces of Ukraine.svg Special Operations Forces
Other Corps
Емблема морської піхоти (2007).png Naval Infantry
Related Services
Emblem of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine.svg Ministry of Defence
General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg General Staff
Геральдичний знак - емблема МВС України.svg Ministry of Internal Affairs
NSAU Logo1.svg National Space Agency
Intelligence
Security Service of Ukraine Emblem.svg Security Service
Емблема Служби зовнішньої розвідки України (2003-2019).png Foreign Intelligence Service
Emblem of the Defence Intelligence of Ukraine.svg Military Intelligence Service
History of the Ukrainian Military
History of Ukraine
History of Ukraine during WWII
History of Ukraine during WWI

Rank insignia currently in force

Ground Forces, Special Operations and Air Assault Forces

Officers

Equivalent
NATO Code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) & Student officer
Ukraine Ukraine
(Edit)
UA shoulder mark 22.svg UA shoulder mark 21.svg UA shoulder mark 20.svg UA shoulder mark 19.svg UA shoulder mark 18.svg UA shoulder mark 17.svg UA shoulder mark 16.svg UA shoulder mark 15.svg UA shoulder mark 14.svg UA shoulder mark 13.svg UA shoulder mark 12.svg UA shoulder mark 11.svg None.svg
General of the army of Ukraine
(Генерал армії України)
Colonel General
(Генерал-полковник)
Lieutenant General
(Генерал-лейтенант)
Major General
(Генерал-майор)
Brigadier General
(Бригадний генерал)
Colonel
(Полковник)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Підполковник)
Major
(Майор)
Captain
(Капітан)
Senior Lieutenant
(Старший лейтенант)
Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
Junior Lieutenant
(Хорунжий)
Officer cadet
(курсант)

Other Ranks and NCOs

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Ukraine Ukraine
(Edit)
UA shoulder mark 10.svg UA shoulder mark 09.svg UA shoulder mark 08.svg UA shoulder mark 07.svg UA shoulder mark 06.svg UA shoulder mark 05.svg UA shoulder mark 04.svg UA shoulder mark 03.svg UA shoulder mark 02.svg UA shoulder mark 01.svg
Chief Master Sergeant
Головний майстер-сержант
Master Sergeant
Майстер-сержант
Sergeant First Class
Головний штаб-сержант
Second Sergeant
Штаб-сержант
Third Sergeant
Головний сержант
Staff Sergeant
Старший сержант
Sergeant
Сержант
Corporal
Капрал
Private First Class
Старший солдат
Private
Солдат

Air Force

Officers

Equivalent
NATO Code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Ukraine Ukraine
(Edit)
No equivalent UAAF shoulder mark 21.svg UAAF shoulder mark 20.svg UAAF shoulder mark 19.svg UAAF shoulder mark 18.svg UAAF shoulder mark 17.svg UAAF shoulder mark 16.svg UAAF shoulder mark 15.svg UAAF shoulder mark 14.svg UAAF shoulder mark 13.svg UAAF shoulder mark 12.svg UAAF shoulder mark 11.svg None.svg
Генерал-полковник Генерал-лейтенант Генерал-майор Бригадний генерал Полковник Підполковник Майор Капітан Старший лейтенант Лейтенант Хорунжий Курсмант
Colonel General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Senior Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Lieutenant Cadet

Other Ranks and NCOs

Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Ukraine Ukraine
(Edit)
UAAF shoulder mark 10.svg UAAF shoulder mark 09.svg UAAF shoulder mark 08.svg UAAF shoulder mark 07.svg UAAF shoulder mark 06.svg UAAF shoulder mark 05.svg UAAF shoulder mark 04.svg UAAF shoulder mark 03.svg UAAF shoulder mark 02.svg UAAF shoulder mark 01.svg
Chief Master Sergeant
Головний майстер-сержант
Master Sergeant
Майстер-сержант
Sergeant First Class
Головний штаб-сержант
Second Sergeant
Штаб-сержант
Technical Sergeant
Головний сержант
Staff Sergeant
Старший сержант
Sergeant
Сержант
Corporal
Капрал
Airman First Class
Старший солдат
Airman
Солдат

Navy

Fleet forces

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Shoulder insignia UAN shoulder mark 21.svg UAN shoulder mark 20.svg UAN shoulder mark 19.svg UAN shoulder mark 18.svg UNER17.png UNER16.png UNER15.png UNER14.png UNER13.png UNER12.png UNER11.png
Ukraine Ukraine
(Edit)
No equivalent Ukraine-Navy-OF-9.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-8.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-7.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-6.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-5.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-4.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-3.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-2.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-1c.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-1b.svg Ukraine-Navy-OF-1a.svg No equivalent
Admiral
Адмірал
Vice Admiral
Віце-адмірал
Counter Admiral
Контр-адмірал
Counter Admiral (junior grade)
Контр-адмірал (nyzhnya polovyna)
First rank Captain
Капітан I рангу
Second rank captain
Капітан II рангу
Third rank captain
Капітан III рангу
Captain lieutenant
Капітан-лейтенант
Senior lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
Junior Lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант

Naval ratings

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Shoulder insignia UAN shoulder mark 10.svg UAN shoulder mark 09.svg UAN shoulder mark 08.svg UAN shoulder mark 07.svg UAN shoulder mark 06.svg UAN shoulder mark 05.svg UAN shoulder mark 04.svg UAN shoulder mark 03.svg UAN shoulder mark 02.svg UAN shoulder mark 01.svg
Ukraine Ukraine
(Edit)
Ukraine-Navy-OR-9b Ukraine-Navy-OR-9a Ukraine-Navy-OR-8 Ukraine-Navy-OR-7 Ukraine-Navy-OR-6 Ukraine-Navy-OR-5 Ukraine-Navy-OR-4 Ukraine-Navy-OR-3 Ukraine-Navy-OR-2 Ukraine-Navy-OR-1
Fleet Chief Petty Officer
Головний майстер-старшина
Master Chief Petty Officer
Старший майстер-старшина
Senior Chief Petty Officer
Майстер-старшина
Chief Petty Officer 1st class
Штаб-старшина
Chief Petty Officer 2nd class
Головний корабельний старшина
Petty Officer 1st class
Головний старшина
Petty Officer 2nd class
Старшина 1-ої статті
Master Seaman
Старшина 2ої статті
Leading Seaman
Старший матрос
Seaman
Матрос

Marine Corps, Naval Aviation and Shore Establishment

Officers

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Shoulder
insignia
No equivalent UAN shoulder mark 21.svg UAN shoulder mark 20.svg UAN shoulder mark 19.svg UAN shoulder mark 18.svg UAN shoulder mark 17.svg UAN shoulder mark 16.svg UAN shoulder mark 15.svg UAN shoulder mark 14.svg UAN shoulder mark 13.svg UAN shoulder mark 12.svg UAN shoulder mark 11.svg No equivalent
Colonel General
(Генерал-полковник)
Lieutenant General
(Генерал-лейтенант)
Major General
(Генерал-майор)
Brigadier General
(Бригадний генерал)
Colonel
(Полковник)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Підполковник)
Major
(Майор)
Captain
(Капітан)
Senior Lieutenant
(Старший лейтенант)
Lieutenant
(Лейтенант)
Junior Lieutenant
(Хорунжий)

Other ranks

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Shoulder
insignia
UNER10.png UNER09.png UNER08.png UNER07.png UNER06.png UNER05.png UNER04.png UNER03.png UNER02.png UNER01.png
Sleeve insignia Ukraine-Navy-OR-9b Ukraine-Navy-OR-9a Ukraine-Navy-OR-8 Ukraine-Navy-OR-7 Ukraine-Navy-OR-6 Ukraine-Navy-OR-5 Ukraine-Navy-OR-4 Ukraine-Navy-OR-3 Ukraine-Navy-OR-2 Ukraine-Navy-OR-1
Master Gunnery Sergeant
Chief master sergeant
Головний майстер-сержант
Master Sergeant
Майстер-сержант
Sergeant First Class
Головний штаб-сержант
Second Sergeant
Штаб-сержант
Gunnery Sergeant
Technical Sergeant
Головний сержант
Staff Sergeant
Старший сержант
Sergeant
Сержант
Corporal
Капрал
Lance Corporal
Старший матрос
Private
Airman
Матрос

Old ranks

General and flag officer ranks

Flag of NATO.svg Army rank
(Ground Forces, Air Force)
Navy rank
Shoulder insignia Rank name Shoulder insignia
Rank name Sleeve insignia
OF-10 UA OF10-GenArmy 2009.jpg General of Army of Ukraine
Генерал армії України
(Heneral armii Ukrainy)
No equivalent
OF-9 UA OF9-ColGen 1991-GF.png UA OF9-ColGen 2009.jpg Colonel general
Генерал-полковник
(Heneral-polkovnyk)
Ukraine Admiral shoulderboard.svg Admiral
Адмірал
(Admiral)
OF-9 UN.png
OF-8 UA OF8-LtGen 1991-GF.png UA OF8-LtGen 2009.jpg General-lieutenant
Генерал-лейтенант
(Heneral-leitenant)
Ukraine Vice Admiral shoulderboard.svg Vice-admiral
Віце-адмірал
(Vitse-admiral)
OF-8 UN.png
OF-7 UA OF7-MajGen-1991-GF.png UA OF7-MajGen 2009.jpg General-major
Генерал-майор
(Heneral-maior)
Ukraine Counter Admiral shoulderboard.svg Counter-admiral
Контр-адмірал
(Kontr-admiral)
OF-7 UN.png

Officer ranks

Flag of NATO.svg Army rank
(Ground Forces, Air Force)
Navy rank
Shoulder insignia Rank name Shoulder insignia Rank name Sleeve insignia
Senior officers (Старший офіцерський склад)
OF-5 UA-Polkovnyk.gif UA OF5-Col 2009.jpg Colonel
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
UA-CPT1-NAV.jpg Captain, 1st rank
Капітан 1-го рангу
(Kapitan 1-ho ranhu)
OF-5 UN.png
OF-4 UA-Pidpolkovnyk.gif UA OF4-LtCol 2009.jpg Lieutenant colonel (lieutenant colonel)
Підполковник
lieutenant colonel
UA-CPT2-NAV.jpg Captain, 2nd rank
Капітан 2-го рангу
(Kapitan 2-ho ranhu)
OF-4 UN.png
OF-3 UA-Major.gif UA OF3-Maj 2009.jpg Major
Майор
(Maior)
UA-CPT3-NAV.jpg Captain, 3rd rank
Капітан 3-го рангу
(Kapitan 3-ho ranhu)
OF-3 UN.png
Junior officers (Молодший офіцерський склад)
OF-2 UA-Kapitan.gif UA AF OF2-Cap 2009.jpg Captain
Капітан
(Kapitan)
UA-CLT-NAV.jpg Captain-lieutenant
Капітан-лейтенант
(Kapitan-leitenant)
OF-2 UN.png
OF-1 UA-Star.Leitenant.gif UA OF1a-FstLt 2009.jpg First lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshyi leitenant)
UA-SLT-NAV.jpg First lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshyi leitenant)
OF-2 UN lt.png
UA-Leitenant.gif UA OF1b-Lt 2009.jpg Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leitenant)
UA-LT-NAV.jpg Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leitenant)
OF-1 UN.png
UA-Molod.Leitenant.gif UA OF1c-SubLt 2009.jpg Second Lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант
(Molodshyi leitenant)
UA-JLT-NAV.jpg Lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант
(Molodshyi leitenant)
OF-1 UN lt.png

Enlisted ranks

Flag of NATO.svg Army rank
(Ground Forces, Air Force)
Navy rank
Shoulder insignia Rank name Shoulder insignia Rank name
Sergeants and starshinas (Сержантсько-старшинський склад)
OR-9 Star.praporsthik ukraine-army 07.png UA-CWO-GSB.jpg Senior praporshchik (sergeant major)
Старший прапорщик
(Starshyi praporshchyk)
Starshyi michman ukraine-navy 07.gif Senior midshipman
Старший мічман
(Starshyi michman)
Praporshchyk.png UA-WOF-GSB.jpg Praporshchik (master sergeant)
Прапорщик
(Praporshchyk)
Praporschik ukraine-army 06.gif midshipman
Мічман
(Michman)
OR-8 Starshuna.png UA-MSGT-GSB.jpg Starshina (first sergeant)
Старшина
(Starshyna)
Golov.korabel.starsh.ukraine-navy 05.gif Chief ship starshina
Головний корабельний старшина
(Holovnyy korabelnyi starshyna)
OR-7 Star. Serzhant.png UA-SSGT-GSB.jpg Senior sergeant (sergeant first class)
Старший сержант
(Starshyi serzhant)
Starshina Головний старшина st-UKR.png Chief starshina
Головний старшина
(Holovnyi starshyna)
OR-6 Serzhant.png UA-SGT-GSB.jpg Sergeant (staff sergeant)
Сержант
(Serzhant)
Starshina 1 ukraine-navy 04.gif Starshina, 1st class
Старшина 1-ої статті
(Starshyna 1-oi statti)
OR-4 Molod. Serzhant.png UA-JSGT-GSB.jpg Junior sergeant (sergeant)
Молодший сержант
(Molodshyi serzhant)
Starshina 2 st-UKR.gif Starshina, 2nd class
Старшина 2ої статті
(Starshyna 2-oi statti)
Privates (Рядовий склад)
OR-2 Star. Soldat.png UA-PFC-GSB.jpg Senior soldier
Старший солдат
(Starshyi soldat)
Starsh.matros ukraine-navy 02.gif Senior matrose
Старший матрос
(Starshyi matros)
OR-1 Soldat Ukrainian army.png UA-PVT-GSB.jpg Soldier
Солдат
(Soldat)
Matros ukraine-navy 01.gif Matros]
Матрос
(Matros)

History of Ukrainian military ranks

The first half of the twentieth century

Category Ranks of the Army of the UNR Rank of the UGA, 1918 Ranks of the UIA (УПА) Rank of the
Ukrainian Soviet Army, 1919
Equivalent rank
(USA)
Collar
insignia[2]
Army rank, 1920 Naval rank, 1918 Army rank, 1944 Naval rank, 1944
General officers

Генеральна старшина
general starshina
-
No equivalent
No equivalent
No equivalent
No equivalent
Admiral of the Fleet
Адмірал флоту
(Admiral flotu)
Commander of the front
Комфронта
(Komfronta)
RA Komfronta 1919.svg
General of the army
and
fleet admiral
14 УНР 30-03-1920 Генерал-пoлкoвник.svg
Colonel general
Генерал-полковник
(Heneral-polkovnyk)
Admiral
Адмірал
(admiral)
14 UKR Адмiрал 15-07-1918.svg14 UKR Адмiрал 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Centurion general
Генерал-сотник
(Heneral-sotnyk)
15 УГА Ґенеральний сотник.svg
Colonel general
Генерал-полковник
(Heneral-polkovnyk)
Admiral
Адмірал
(admiral)
Army commander
Командарм
(Komandarm)
RA Komandarm 1919.svg
General
and
admiral
13 УНР 30-03-1920 Генерал-пoручник.svg
Lieutenant general
Генерал-поручник
(Heneral-poruchnyk)
Vice-admiral
Віце-адмірал
(Vitse-admiral)
13 UKR Вiце-адмiрал 15-07-1918.svg13 UKR Вiце-адмiрал 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Lieutenant general
Генерал-поручник
(Heneral-poruchyk)
14 УГА Ґенеральний поручник.svg
General major
Генерал-майор
(Heneral-mayor)
Vice-admiral
Віце-адмірал
(Vitse-admiral)
Corps commander
Комкор
(Komkor)
RA Nachdiv 1919.svg
Lieutenant general
and
vice admiral
12 УНР 30-03-1920 Генерал-хорунжий.svg
Ensign general
Генерал-хорунжий
(Heneral-Khorunzhiy)
Counter-admiral
Контр-адмірал
(Kontr-admiral)
12 UKR Контр-адмiрал 15-07-1918.svg12 UKR Контр-адмiрал 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Platoon general
Генерал-чотар
(Heneral-chotar)
13 УГА Ґенеральний четар.svg
Counter-admiral
Контр-адмірал
(Kontr-admiral)
Division commander
Комдив
(Komdiv)
RA Kombrig 1919.svg
Major general
and
rear admiral (upper half)
Ensign general
Генерал-хорунжий
(Heneral-Khorunzhiy)
Brigade commander
Комбриг
(Kombrig)
RA Kombrig 1919.svg
Brigadier general
and
rear admiral (lower half)
Mace officers
Булавна старшина
Bulawa Starshina
11 УНР 30-03-1920 Полковник.svg
Colonel
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
Captain, 1st rank
Капітан 1-го рангу
(Kapitan 1-ho ranhu)
11 UKR Капiтан 1 ранги 15-07-1918.svg11 UKR Капiтан 1 ранги 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Colonel
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
12 УГА Полковник.svg
Colonel
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
Captain-lieutenant
Капітан-лейтенант
(Kapitan-leytenant)
Regiment commander
or
Polkovnik
Комполка or Полковник
(Kompolka or Polkovnik)
RA OF5-Kompolka 1919v1.svg
Colonel
and
Captain
10 УНР 30-03-1920 Пiдполковник.svg
Sub-colonel
Підполковник
(Pidpolkovnyk)
Captain, 2nd rank
Капітан 2-го рангу
(Kapitan 2-ho ranhu)
10 UKR Капiтан 2 ранги 15-07-1918.svg10 UKR Капiтан 2 ранги 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Sub-colonel
Підполковник
(Pidpolkovnyk)
11 УГА Підполковник.svg
Sub-colonel
Підполковник
(Pidpolkovnyk)
Battalion commander
Комбат
(Kombat)
RA Kombat 1919.svg
Lieutenant colonel
and
commander
Ataman
Отаман
(Otaman)
10 УГА Отаман.svg
Major
Майор
(Mayor)
Battalion commander assistant
Помкомбат
(Pomkombat)
Major
and
Lieutenant commander
Junior officers

Молодша старшина
Junior Starshina
09 УНР 30-03-1920 Сотник.svg
Centurion
Сотник
(Sotnyk)
Senior lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshiy leytenant)
09 UKR Старший лейтенант 15-07-1918.svg09 UKR Старший лейтенант 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Centurion
Сотник
(Sotnyk)
09 УГА Сотник.svg
Centurion
Сотник
(Sotnyk)
Senior lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshiy leytenant)
Company commander
Комроты
(Komroty)
RA A-AF F1-2-K4 1935.svg
Captain
and
lieutenant
08 УНР 30-03-1920 Пoручник.svg
Lieutenant
Поручник
(Poruchnyk)
Lieutenant
Поручник
(Poruchnyk)
08 УГА Поручник.svg
Lieutenant
Поручник
(Poruchnyk)
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leytenant)
Company commander assistant
Помкомроты
(Pomkomroty)
First lieutenant
and
lieutenant (junior grade)
07 УНР 30-03-1920 Хoрунжий.svg
Ensign
Хорунжий
(Khorunzhiy)
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leytenant)
08 UKR Лейтенант 15-07-1918.svg08 UKR Лейтенант 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Chotar
Чотар
(Chotar)
07 УГА Четар.svg
Ensign
Хорунжий
(Khorunzhiy)
Junior lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант
(Molodshiy leytenant)
Platoon commander
Комвзвода
(Komvzvoda)
RA Komzvoda 1919.svg
Second lieutenant
and
ensign
Ensign
Хорунжий
(Khorunzhiy)
06 УГА Хорунжий.svg
Sub-officers

Підстаршина
sub-starshina
06 УНР 30-03-1920 Підxoрунжий.svg
Sub-ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Midshipman
Мічман
(Michman)
07 UKR Мiчман 15-07-1918.svg07 UKR Мiчман 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Sub-ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Sub-ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Sub-ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Starshina
Старшина
(Starshina)
RA OR8-Starshina 1919v1.svg
Sergeant major
05 УНР 30-03-1920 Бунчужний.svg
Brigadier
Бунчужний
(Bunchuzhnyi)
Mace senior dean
Булавний старший десятник
(Bulavniy starshiy desiatnyk)
05 УГА Булавний старший десятник.svg
Bunchuzhniy
Бунчужний
(Bunchuzhniy)
First sergeant
04 УНР 30-03-1920 Чoтoвий.svg
Platoon leader
Чотовий
(Chotovyi)
Senior dean
Старший десятник
(Starshiy desiatnyk)
04 УГА Старший десятник.svg
Platoon leader
Чотовий
(Chotovyi)
Senior dean
Старший десятник
(Starshiy desiatnyk)
Assistant of platoon commander
Помкомвзвода
(Pomkomvzvoda)
RA Pomkomzvoda 1919.svg
Sergeant first class
03 УНР 30-03-1920 Рoйoвий.svg
Squad leader
Ройовий
(Royovyi)
Dean
Десятник
(Desiatnyk)
03 УГА Десятник.svg
Squad leader
Ройовий
(Royovyi)
Dean
Десятник
(Desiatnyk)
Squad commander
Комот
(Komot)
RA OR5- Otdelkom 1919v2.svg
Sergeant
Herald
Вістун
(Vistun)
Cossacks, sailors, privates
Козаки/Моряки/Рядовики
02 УНР 30-03-1920 Гурткoвий.svg
Team leader
Гуртковий
(Hurtkovyi)
Ship garde-marine
Корабельний ґардемарин
(Korabelniy gardemaryn)
06 UKR Гардемарiн 15-07-1918.svg06 UKR Гардемарiн 15-07-1918 (Рукав).svg
Senior rifleman
or
senior strelet
Старший стрілець
(Starshiy strilets)
01 УГА Старший стрілець.svg
Senior Cossack
Старший козак
(Starshiy kozak)
Matrose-Herald
Матрос-вістун
(Matros-vistun)
Redarmyman
Красноармеец
(Krasnoarmeyets)
Private first class
01 УНР 30-03-1920 Козак.svg
Cossack
Козак
(Kozak)
Rifleman or strelet
Стрілець
(Strilets)
Cossack
Козак
(Kozak)
Matrose
Матрос
(Matros)
Private
Ukrainian Navy uniforms 1918

Ukrainian Naval uniforms (1918)

Элементы униформ Украинского Державного Флота, 1918-1924 гг.

Ukrainian Naval insignia (1918)

Морская пехота Директории

Insignia of the Hutsulian Marine Regiment (1920)

Modern Ukraine

The independent Ukraine inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union. But there were some changes. The rank of "Єфрейтор" (efreitor) was changed to the "senior soldier" and the rank of private was changed to the "soldier". Also, marshall ranks and the category of praporshchyks/midshipmen were abolished.

New experimental insignia of 2009

The first graduates of the Training Centre for Sergeants of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in Kharkiv at once became the first professional sergeants, who clothed shoulder straps with a fundamentally new insignia.[3]

The new insignia of the ground forces and the Air Force of Ukraine
(from general of the army to senior soldier)
The new insignia of the Ukrainian Naval Force
(from admiral to junior lieutenant)
New Military ranks of Ukraine
New Naval ranks of Ukraine

This innovation was aimed at the NATO standards. Until 2009, Ukrainian soldiers used a military rank insignia of the Soviet model. Before the innovation, for example, a Ukrainian major general could be confused with an ordinary major, as they both had only one star on the Soviet straps. The new straps of major general have two stars, like in the most NATO countries.[4] Also, the new system of military insignia makes possible to introduce new ranks, such as brigade general and new types of sergeant. New straps of generals have crossed maces (bulawas), which are kleinods (regalia) of Hetman, colonel and Otaman of the Host.

These experimental insignia never came into wide use and were abandoned shortly afterwards. Up until 2015 the Armed Forces kept using the Soviet-style insignia and rank system, albelt in the case of the Ground Forces and the Air Force the old insignia stayed with the officer corps while 2009 proposal for NCO insignia gained wider acceptance and thus replaced the Soviet insignia.

Sergeant major (the post of chief sergeant)

Chief sergeant of a branch of the armed forces is a projected post in Ukraine. The chief sergeant is a person who know almost all issues what relate to non-commissioned officers. Therefore, the chief sergeant of a branch of the armed forces may be adviser to the head of the appropriate level - for example, the commander of land forces of Ukraine. Now, the Ministry of Defence is working to change the statute and, possibly, the new post will be introduced in three or four years.[5] In airmobile units there are also posts of chief sergeant of the division and chief sergeant of the brigade.

Sleeve patch

Ukraemms1

Sleeve patch for chief sergeant of the 1st Airmobile Division

Ukraemms251

Sleeve patch for chief sergeant of the 25th Airborne Brigade (ver. 1)

Ukraemms252

Sleeve patch for chief sergeant of the 25th Airborne Brigade (ver. 2)

Ukraemms95

Sleeve patch for chief sergeant of the Airmobile Forces

2015 reforms

Late July 2015 the President Petro Poroshenko stated that Ukraine needed to introduce new military ranks that meet Ukrainian military traditions "and corresponds to the structure of NATO military ranks".[6] Still, the system initially proposed just replicated the Soviet hierarchy of military ranks and had no relation to the NATO system whatsoever - the only innovation being of a purely decorative character, namely, the appearance and composition of the shoulder strap insignia.

The reform of 2016 which finally emerged will, at long last, bring the rank insignia of the Ukrainian armed forces in line with the rank systems of its NATO partners and the rest of the world, while also, if successful, honor the traditions of Cossacks in Ukraine and the Ukrainian independence armies, the Ukrainian People's Army of the Russian Civil War and the Ukrainian War of Independence and the Second World War-era Ukrainian Insurgent Army, adapting their rank insignias to suit a modern Ukrainian Armed Forces in the 21st century.[7]

Project of the new insignia of the ground forces and the Air Force of Ukraine
(Old ranks system)
Project of the new insignia of the ground forces and the Air Force of Ukraine
(Expanded ranks system)
Military ranks of Ukraine 2015
Military ranks of Ukraine 2 2015

While option 1 uses the old system but with new other ranks insignia, option 2 uses a US-style insignia for enlisted ranks and NCOs plus the Brigadier general rank. In both cases, all officers use pips while the General of the Army of Ukraine has the crossed Bulawa as insignia. Early proposals had the General of the Army shoulder insignia to use the state coat of arms.

Adopted new insignia of the ground forces and the Air Force of Ukraine for 2016
(Expanded ranks system)
Military ranks of Ukraine 2016 (adopted)

In 2016, new rank insignia designs were issued for the Navy, which included both shoulder and sleeve insignia for all ranks.

Project of the new insignia of the Navy of Ukraine
(Sea ratings and other ranks of the shore establishment)
Project of the new insignia of the Navy of Ukraine
(officer ranks)
Navy sleeve insignia
Navy ranks table OR of Ukraine 2016 (draft)
Navy ranks table OF of Ukraine 2016 (draft)
Navy ranks sleeve insignia of Ukraine 2016 (draft)

Uniforms using the revised system debuted on August 24, 2016 as Ukraine marked the silver jubilee of nationhood,[8] while matching those of its future NATO partner countries should it officially join the organization it pays tribute to the many Ukrainians who made countless sacrifices for the country through the centuries. In a break with the Soviet era past, the stars used for officers' ranking were replaced with British military style diamonds - inspired by those used by the Ground Forces during the Ukrainian State of 1918.

By 2017, the insignia of the Navy will begin to be utilized, the final design being a unified set shoulder and sleeve rank insignia similar to many NATO and European Union naval forces with distinctions:

  • Western styled sleeve insignia used for officers of the naval branch
  • Dark boards with Army-styled insignia for officers of the marine division, naval aviation and shore establishment commands

On May 30, 2019, the Verkhovna Rada adopted as a Basis the Bill No. 10181 on the introduction of sergeant ranks in the Armed Forces of Ukraine in accordance with the column "NATO Code" in accordance with STANAG 2116. The bill aims to improve Ukraine's legislation on military service with the aim of streamlining the disciplinary powers of officials , settlement of some issues of daily activity, determination of the rights and duties of the sergeant (officers) and some other officials of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

It is proposed to introduce a new scale of military ranks. In addition, separation of the sergeant and senior officers into junior and senior ranks (and general/flag officers for the officer corps) is foreseen, as well as the introduction of a sergeant major rank to the armed forces.

It is also envisaged to change the limitation age for military service for sergeants, which eliminates the problem when a sergeant under the law can not reach retirement due to a conflict between the current legislation.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ (in Ukrainian) The Law of Ukraine, On General Military Duty and Military Service
  2. ^ Ukrainian People's Army - collar insignia
  3. ^ Український міліарний портал Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Комсомольская правда, Украина
  5. ^ (in Ukrainian) www.unian.net
  6. ^ Poroshenko wants to introduce new Ukrainian military ranks, UNIAN (27 July 2015)
  7. ^ Украинская армия не должна выглядеть огрызком советской, — Виталий Гайдукевич, (3 August 2015)
  8. ^ Fashion statement: Ukrainian troops debut post-Soviet uniforms, The Washington Times (25 August 2016)
  9. ^ "Нові звання у ЗСУ – законопроект прийнято за основу". www.ukrmilitary.com. Ukrainian Military Pages. 2019-05-30. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
Acting hetman

Acting Hetman or Appointed Hetman (Ukrainian: Наказний гетьман) was a title during the 17th, and 18th centuries, in the Cossack Hetmanate. The acting hetman was the governing authority in the Cossack Hetmanate temporarily substituted for the Hetman.

Admiral (Ukraine)

Admiral (Ukrainian: Адмірал) is a top military rank in the Ukrainian Navy. It is equivalent to the Colonel General rank in the Ground Forces of Ukraine.

There are three admiral ranks in the Ukrainian Navy and other two include Vice Admiral and Counter Admiral. There are only six admirals in Ukraine since 1992.

Ataman

Ataman (variants: otaman, wataman, vataman; Russian: атаман, Ukrainian: отаман) was a title of Cossack and haidamak leaders of various kinds. In the Russian Empire, the term was the official title of the supreme military commanders of the Cossack armies. The Ukrainian version of the same word is Hetman. Otaman in Ukrainian Cossack forces was a position of a lower rank.

Captain 1st rank

This article is about the OF-5 rank Kapitan 1st rank in Russia and some other post-Soviet states. For the equivalent rank in Anglophone naval forces see Captain (naval); in Germany see Kapitän zur See or Kommodore. It should not be mixed up to the Commodore (rank), often regarded as a one-star rank with a NATO code of OF-6. Kapitan 1st rank (Russian: капитан 1-го ранга; literal: captain of the 1st rank) is in the Navy of the Russian Federation the designation to the most senior rank in the staff officer´s career group. The rank is equivalent to Polkovnik in Army and Air Force. The rank might be comparable to Captain (naval) (OF-5) in Anglophone/NATO naval forces.The rank was introduced in Russia by Peter the Great in 1713. By decision of the so-called military navy commission (ru: Воинская морскaя комиссия) in 1732 the sequence of Kapitan ranks was abolished. However, until 1752 the grade rank Kapitan 1st rank was corresponding to Fleet kapitan (ru: флота капитан). Finally, the Kapitan ranks were reintroduced September 5 (16), 1751. The Red Army introduced the Kapitan 1st rank rank in 1935, together with a number of other former Russian ranks, and it has been used in many ex-USSR countries, including Russia, to the present day.

Chorąży

Chorąży or khorunzhyi (Polish pronunciation: [xɔˈrɔ̃ʐɨ]; means "Standard-bearer"; Russian and Ukrainian: Хорунжий is a military rank in Poland, Ukraine and some neighboring countries. A chorąży was once a knight who bore an ensign — the emblem of an armed troop, a province (województwo), a land (ziemia), a duchy, or the kingdom. This function later evolved into a non-hereditary noble title.

From the end of the 14th century in the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and later in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, there were four "central" chorąży positions:

Grand Standard-Bearer of the Crown;

Grand Standard-Bearer of Lithuania;

Court Standard-Bearer of the Crown;

Court Standard-Bearer of Lithuania.At the same time, chorąży was also an honorary office in a land.

From the 16th century, Chorąży was the title of the military leader of a Cossack community, and later a rank in the Cossack Hosts. The rank, written "хорунжий" (khorunzhiy) in Russian, was officially recognized in the 1792 Table of Ranks. This Cossack junior officer rank corresponded to the rank of second lieutenant (подпоручик, or podporuchik) of infantry or cornet of cavalry.

In the Republic of Poland in 1919-1922 and from 1963 in the People's Republic of Poland (from 1989, in contemporary Poland), it has been an officer's rank, above sergeant and below second lieutenant. Warrant Officer OR-7, OR-8, OR-9. Between 1944 and 1957, it was the lowest officer's rank.

General of the army of Ukraine

General of Army of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Генерал армії України, romanized: Heneral armiyi Ukrayiny) is a general officer and is the highest possible rank in the Armed Forces of Ukraine. General of army of Ukraine ranks immediately above a colonel general and has no equivalent naval rank. The rank is also given to general of interior service or civil defense of Ukraine.

The first person to be awarded the rank was Andriy Vasylyshyn on August 19, 1993.

On November 13, 1918, the Minister of Defense Oleksander Hrekov awarded to the soldier congress delegate in Directorate Symon Petlyura the rank of Supreme Otaman. That award was the only official occurrence of that unique rank.

Hetman

Hetman (Ukrainian: гетьман, romanized: het’mаn; Czech: hejtman; Romanian: hatman) is a political title from Central and Eastern Europe, historically assigned to military commanders.

It was the title of the second-highest military commander in the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the 16th to 18th centuries. A hetman was the highest military officer in the hetmanates of Ukraine, the Zaporizhian Host (1649–1764), and the Ukrainian State (1918). The title was used by Ukrainian Cossacks from the 16th century. Used by the Czechs in Bohemia since the 15th century, in the modern Czech Republic the title is used for regional governors. Throughout much of the history of Romania and the Moldavia, hetmans were the second-highest army rank.

Hetmans of Ukrainian Cossacks

Hetman of Zaporizhian Cossacks is a historical term that has multiple meanings.

Officially the post was known as Hetman of the Zaporizhian Host (Ukrainian: Гетьман Війська Запорозького, Hetman Viyska Zaporozkoho). With the creation of Registered Cossacks units their leaders were officially referred to as Senior of His Royal Grace Zaporozhian Host (Ukrainian: старший його Королівської Милості Війська Запорозького, Starshyi Yoho Korolivkoyi Mylosti Viyska Zaporozkoho). Before 1648 and the establishment of Cossack Hetmanate there were numerous regional hetmans across the Dnieper-banks, who usually were starostas or voivodes.

The first widely recognized hetman of Zaporizhia was Dmytro Vyshnevetsky, however later several Polish starostas were added to the Hetman registry such as Lyantskoronsky and Dashkevych who also led their own cossack formations. According to Mykola Hrushevsky they were not really considered as hetman, at least by their contemporaries. Among other such starostas were Karpo Maslo from Cherkasy, Yatsko Bilous (Pereyaslav), Andrushko (Bratslav), and many others. Even Princes Konstanty Ostrogski and Bohdan Hlinski were conducting Cossack raids on Tatar uluses (districts).

The commanders of Zaporozhian Host (the Kosh) often considered as hetmans in fact carried a title of Kosh Otaman. As from 1572, hetman was the unofficial title of commanders of the Registered Cossack Army (Ukrainian: Козаки реєстрові, Polish: Kozacy rejestrowi, Russian: Казаки реестровые) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. From the 1648 Bohdan Khmelnytsky uprising, Hetman was the title of the head of the Cossack state, the Cossack Hetmanate. Cossack hetmans had very broad powers and acted as supreme military commanders and executive leader (by issuing administrative decrees).

After the split of Ukrainian territory along the Dnieper River by the Polish-Russian Treaty of Andrusovo 1667, there was an introduction of dual leadership for each bank, or for each Ukraine of Dnieper (left and right). After the Treaty of Andrusovo there existed two different Cossack Hetmanates with two Hetmans the one in Poland being called Nakazny Hetman of His Royal Mercy of Zaporizhian Host and the Russian one titled Hetman of His Tsar's Mercy of Zaporizhian Host.

Eventually the official state powers of Cossack Hetmans were gradually diminished in the 18th century, and finally abolished by Catherine II of Russia in 1764.

Kosh otaman

Kosh otaman (Ukrainian: Кошовий отаман, Koshovyi otaman; Russian: Кошевой атаман, Koshevoy ataman; Polish: Ataman koszowy; also known as Koshovyi of the Zaporizhian Host) was a chief officer of the Kosh (military society) of the Zaporozhian Host in the 16th through 18th centuries.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Outline of Ukraine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ukraine:

Ukraine – country in Eastern Europe. Formerly part of the Soviet Union. Ukraine has long been a global breadbasket because of its extensive, fertile farmlands. In 2011, it was the world's third-largest grain exporter with that year's harvest being much larger than average.

Podpolkovnik

Podpolkovnik (Russian: подполко́вник, lit. 'sub –, junior – , or lower regimentary') is a military rank in Slavic countries which corresponds to the lieutenant colonel in the English-speaking states and military.In different languages the exact name of this rank maintains a variety of spellings. The transliteration is also in common usage for the sake of tradition dating back to the Old Slavonic word "polk" (literally: regiment sized unit), and include the following names in alphabetical order:

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia — potpukovnik (Serbo-Croatian: [pôtpukoːʋniːk])

Bulgaria — подполковник

Czech Republic — podplukovník (Czech: [ˈpotplukovɲiːk])

Georgia — ვიცე-პოლკოვნიკი (Georgian: [vitsɛ pʼɔlkʼɔvnikʼi])

Lithuania — papulkininkis

North Macedonia — потполковник

Poland — podpułkownik (Polish: [pɔtpuwˈkɔvɲik])

Russia — подполко́вник (podpolkovnik) (Russian: [pətpɐlˈkovnʲɪk])

Slovenia — podpolkovnik

Slovakia — podplukovník

Ukraine — підполковник (pidpolkovnyk)

Polkovnik

Polkovnik (Russian: полковник, lit. 'regimentary') is a military rank used mostly in Slavic-speaking countries which corresponds to a colonel in English-speaking states and oberst in several German-speaking and Scandinavian countries. The term originates from an ancient Slavic word for a group of soldiers and folk. However, in Cossack Hetmanate and Sloboda Ukraine, polkovnyk was an administrative rank similar to a governor. Usually this word is translated as colonel, however the transliteration is also in common usage, for the sake of the historical and social context. Polkovnik began as a commander of a distinct group of troops (polk), arranged for battle.The exact name of this rank maintains a variety of spellings in different languages, but all descend from the Old Slavonic word polk (literally: regiment sized unit), and include the following in alphabetical order:

Belarus — палкоўнік

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia — pukovnik (Serbo-Croatian: [pǔkoːʋniːk])

Bulgaria, Macedonia, Russia and Ukraine — полковник (Russian: [pɐlˈkovnʲɪk], Ukrainian: [polˈkɔvnɪk])

Czech Republic and Slovakia — plukovník

Georgia — პოლკოვნიკი (Georgian: [pʼɔlkʼɔvnikʼi])

Latvia — pulkvedis

Lithuania — pulkininkas

Poland — pułkownik (Polish: [puwˈkɔvɲik])

Slovenia — polkovnikAlthough Georgia, Latvia, and Lithuania are not Slavic countries linguistically, they have been influenced by Russian terminology due to having been part of both the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Latvian and Lithuanian were also influenced by Polish terminology, due to those countries having been part of the Polish Commonwealth. The rank of polkovnik was also used in the Estonian army until 1924.

Ryadovoy

Ryadovoy (Russian: рядово́й, en: private) in the Army, Airborne troops, and Air Force of the Russian Federation is the designation of a member of the rank group of enlisted personnel. The rank is equivalent to matros (Russian: матрос) in the Russian Navy. In terms of the NATO rank-system the rank might be comparable to OR-1 in Anglophone armed forces.

The Imperial Russian Army used the designation ryadovoy before 1917. The word ryadovoy relates to the Russian ryad (Russian: ряд) , which in a military context means "file" or "rank" (in the sense of "rank and file"). The rank re-appeared in the newly-named Soviet Army in 1946, replacing the rank of "Red Army man" (Russian: красноармеец, romanized: krasnoarmeyets) used in the Red Army from 1918 to 1946.

In the armed forces of the Soviet Union (and later in those of the Russian Federation) yefreytor is the second-lowest rank of enlisted personnel. Using the NATO rank-system, the rank might be comparable to OR-4 in Anglophone armed forces.

Second lieutenant

Second lieutenant (called lieutenant governor in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1a rank.

Sotnik

Sotnik or Sotnyk (Russian: со́тник, Ukrainian: сотник, Bulgarian: стотник) was a military rank among the Cossack starshyna (military officers), Strelets Troops (17th century) in Muscovy and Imperial Cossack cavalry (since 1826), the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, the Ukrainian Galician Army, and the Ukrainian People's Army.

Starshina

Starshina (Russian: старшина, IPA: [stərʂɨˈna] (listen)) is a senior non-commissioned rank or designation in the military forces of some Slavic states. In army terminology, a Starshina is either an appointment roughly equivalent to "Company Sergeant Major" or a rank equal to a NATO OR-8. In naval terminology, Starshina is a general term for junior and middle-ranking non-commissioned officers, similar in usage to "Petty Officer".

The word originates from the Slavic word старший, starshij ("STAR-shee"), (lit. "older, more senior", from старый staryj "old")

Starshy praporshchik

Starshy praporshchik (Russian: старший прапорщик; en: senior – or chief praporshchik is the highest rank of the praporshchik career group in modern days Russian Federations’ armed forces. It may still be used in other uniformed services of the Russian government such as the Police. It was introduced to the Soviet Army, January 12, 1981, parallel to Starshy michman of the Soviet Navy.

Yesaul

For the town in Armenia, see Ovuni.Yesaul, or Osaul ( Russian: есау́л [jɪsɐˈuɫ]), Ukrainian: осавул (from Turkic yasaul - chief), a post and a rank in the Ukrainian and Russian Cossack units.

The first records of the rank imply that it was introduced by Stefan Batory, King of Poland in 1576.

Structure
Paramilitary Reserves
Former formations
Insignia
Military ranks and insignia by country
Africa
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Post-Soviet states
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