Military ranks of Syria

This is a list of military ranks of the Syrian Armed Forces, which follow a rank system similar to the French Armed Forces as a former French mandate under the League of Nations, though the insignias were largely inspired by those of the British Armed Forces. Commissioned officers' rank insignia are identical for the army and air force. These are gold on a bright green or black shoulder board for the army and gold on a bright blue board for the air force. Officer ranks are standard, although the highest is that of General, a rank held in 1986 only by the commander in chief and the minister of defense. Navy officer rank insignia are gold stripes worn on the lower sleeve. The highest-ranking officer in Syria's navy is the equivalent of vice admiral in most countries. Army and air force ranks for warrant officers is indicated by gold stars on an olive green shield worn on the upper left arm. Lower noncommissioned ranks are indicated by upright and inverted chevrons worn on the upper left arm.

Flag of the Syrian Arab Armed Forces
Flag of the Syrian Armed Forces

Commissioned officers

The following are the rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy and air force respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Syria Syria
(Edit)
Syria Army - OF10.svg Syria Army - OF09.svg Syria Army - OF08.svg Syria Army - OF07.svg Syria Army - OF06.svg Syria Army - OF05.svg Syria Army - OF04.svg Syria Army - OF03.svg Syria Army - OF02.svg Syria Army - OF01b.svg Syria Army - OF01a.svg Unknown
Field marshal
(فريق)
Colonel General
(عماد أول)
Lieutenant general
(عماد)
Major general
(اللواء)
Brigadier general
(عميد)
Colonel
(عقيد)
Lieutenant colonel
(مقدم)
Major
(رائد)
Captain
(نقيب)
First lieutenant
(ملازم أول)
Second lieutenant
(ملازم)
Syria Syria
(Edit)
No equivalent
Syria Navy - OF08.svgGeneric-Navy-O10.svg Syria Navy - OF07.svgGeneric-Navy-O9.svg Syria Navy - OF06.svgGeneric-Navy-O8.svg Syria Navy - OF05.svgGeneric-Navy-O7.svg Syria Navy - OF04.svgGeneric-Navy-O5.svg Syria Navy - OF03.svgGeneric-Navy-O4.svg Syria Navy - OF02.svgGeneric-Navy-O3.svg Syria Navy - OF01b.svgGeneric-Navy-O2.svg Syria Navy - OF01a.svgGeneric-Navy-O1.svg No equivalent
Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Flotilla Admiral Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign
Syria Syria
(Edit)
No equivalent Syria Air Force - OF09.svg Syria Air Force - OF08.svg Syria Air Force - OF07.svg Syria Air Force - OF06.svg Syria Air Force - OF05.svg Syria Air Force - OF04.svg Syria Air Force - OF03.svg Syria Air Force - OF02.svg Syria Air Force - OF01b.svg Syria Air Force - OF01a.svg Unknown
General
(عماد أول)
Lieutenant general
(عماد)
Major general
(اللواء)
Brigadier general
(عميد)
Colonel
(عقيد)
Lieutenant colonel
(مقدم)
Major
(رائد)
Captain
(نقيب)
First lieutenant
(ملازم أول)
Second lieutenant
(ملازم)
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the army, navy, and air force respectively, are as follows:

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Syria Syria
(Edit)
Syria-Musid-Awwal Syria-Musid-Tani Syria-Musid Syria-Raqib-Taani Syria-Raqib-Awwal Syria-Raqib Syria-Afik No equivalent Syria-Jundi-Awwal No insignia
Warrant officer 1st class
مساعد أول
Warrant officer 2nd class
مساعد ثاني
Warrant officer 3rd class
مساعد
Sergeant Major
رقيب أول
Staff Sergeant
رقيب ثاني
Sergeant
رقيب
Corporal
عريف
Private 1st class
جندي أول
Private
جندي
Syria Syria
(Edit)
08.Syrian Air Force-WO1 07.Syrian Air Force-WO2 06.Syrian Air Force-WO3 05.Syrian Air Force-SGM 04.Syrian Air Force-SFC 03.Syrian Air Force-SGT 02.Syrian Air Force-CPL No equivalent 01.Syrian Air Force-PFC No insignia
Warrant officer 1st class
مساعد أول
Warrant officer 2nd class
مساعد ثاني
Warrant officer 3rd class
مساعد
Sergeant Major
رقيب أول
Flight Sergeant
رقيب ثاني
Sergeant
رقيب
Corporal
عريف
Airman 1st class
جندي أول
Airman
جندي
Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

References

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Outline of Syria

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Syria:

Syria – country in Western Asia, that borders Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south and Israel to the southwest. Civilization in Syria was one of the most ancient on earth. Syria is part of the Fertile Crescent, and from approximately 10,000 BCE it was one of the centers of Neolithic culture where agriculture and cattle breeding appeared for the first time in the world. Over the millennia, Syria has been conquered and settled by many different peoples. A country of fertile plains, high mountains and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syriacs, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Armenians, Druze, Alawite, Christians, Shias and Sunnis. The latter make up the majority of the population. Since March 2011, Syria has been embroiled in civil war in the wake of uprisings (considered an extension of the Arab Spring, the mass movement of revolutions and protests in the Arab world) against Assad and the neo-Ba'athist government. The opposition Syrian National Coalition selected Ghassan Hitto as prime minister of a rival provisional government on March 19, 2013 after being invited to do so by several foreign governments and the Arab League.

Syrian Armed Forces

The Syrian Arab Armed Forces (Arabic: القوات المسلحة العربية السورية‎) are the military forces of the Syrian Arab Republic. They consist of the Syrian Arab Army, Syrian Arab Navy, Syrian Arab Air Force, Syrian Arab Air Defense Force, and several paramilitary forces, such as the National Defence Force. According to the Syrian constitution, the President of Syria is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.

The military is a conscripted force; males serve in the military upon reaching the age of 18, but they are exempted from service if they don't have another brother who can take care of their parents. Since the Syrian Civil War, the enlisted members of the Syrian military have dropped by over half from a pre-civil war figure of 325,000 to 150,000 soldiers in the army in December 2014, due to casualties, desertions and draft dodging, reaching between 178,000 and 220,000 soldiers in the army, in addition to 80,000 to 100,000 irregular forces.

Before the start of the Syrian Civil War, the obligatory military service period was being decreased over time. In 2005, it was reduced from two and a half years to two years, in 2008 to 21 months and in 2011 to a year and a half. Since the Syrian Civil War the Syrian government has reportedly engaged in arrest campaigns and enacted new regulations, with citizens who have completed mandatory conscription being called up for reserve duty.

Syria Syrian security forces
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