Military ranks of Portugal

The military ranks of Portugal form the system of hierarchical relationships in the Portuguese Armed Forces.

There are two basic systems of ranks. The first one is used in the Portuguese Army (Exército) and in the Portuguese Air Force (Força Aérea), consisting of traditional land military ranks. This system is also used in the National Republican Guard (GNR, Guarda Nacional Republicana), a gendarmerie force that can be put under the command of the Armed Forces in case of war. The second system is used by the Portuguese Navy (Marinha), consisting of traditional naval ranks.

In the Armed Forces of Portugal, the hierarchy of ranks divides them in three large categories: Officers (oficiais), Sergeants (sargentos) and Enlisted (praças). The officers category is, in turn, subdivided into three subcategories: General officers (oficiais generais), Senior officers (oficiais superiores) and Junior officers (oficiais subalternos).

The insignia of rank used in all branches of the Armed Forces is generally similar, despite some particular details existing in each branch.[1][2]

Navy

Officers

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portugal
(Edit)
POR-Navy-OF10.svg POR-Navy-OF9.svg POR-Navy-OF8.svg POR-Navy-OF7.svg POR-Navy-OF6.svg POR-Navy-OF5.svg POR-Navy-OF4.svg POR-Navy-OF3.svg POR-Navy-OF2.svg POR-Navy-OF1b.svg POR-Navy-OF1a.svg POR-Navy-Aspirante-EN.png POR-Navy-OFD.svg None.svg
Almirante da Armada[note 1] Almirante Vice-almirante Contra-almirante Comodoro Capitão de Mar e Guerra Capitão de Fragata Capitão-tenente Primeiro-tenente Segundo-tenente Guarda-marinha and
Subtenente
Aspirante (Naval School) Aspirante (others) Cadete
Equivalent in English Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade Ensign Aspirant Officer Naval Cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted ratings

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
POR-Navy-OR9.svg POR-Navy-OR8.svg POR-Navy-OR7.svg 8 - Primeiro-sargento (Marinha).svg 7 - Segundo-sargento (Marinha).svg 6 - Primerio-subsargento.svg 5 - Segundo-subsargento.svg 4 - Cabo.svg 3 - Primeiro-marinheiro.svg 2 - Segundo-marinheiro.svg No insignia
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Primerio-subsargento Segundo-subsargento Cabo Primeiro-marinheiro Segundo-marinheiro Grumete
Ratings in English Warrant Officer Class 1 Warrant Officer Class 2 Warrant Officer Class 3 Master Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer 1st class Petty Officer 2nd class Petty Officer 3rd Class Senior Seaman Seaman Apprentice Seaman

Army

Both the Portuguese Army and the National Republican Guard use the same rank system but the NRG has different ranks for enlisted personnel, NCOs and general officers.

Officers

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Portugal
(Edit)
Army-POR-OF-10.svg Army-POR-OF-09.svg Army-POR-OF-08.svg Army-POR-OF-07.svg Army-POR-OF-06.svg Army-POR-OF-05b.svg Army-POR-OF-04.svg Army-POR-OF-03.svg Army-POR-OF-02.svg Army-POR-OF-01a.svg Army-POR-OF-01b.svg Army-POR-OF-00a.svg Army-POR-OF-00b.svg
Marechal
Marshal
[note 2]
General
General
Tenente-general
Lieutenant-general
Major-general
Major-general
Brigadeiro-general
Brigadier-general
Coronel
Colonel
Tenente-coronel
Lieutenant-colonel
Major
Major
Capitão
Captain
Tenente
First Lieutenant
Alferes
Second Lieutenant
Aspirante-a-oficial
Officer candidate
Cadete
Officer cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
Army-POR-OR-09.svg Army-POR-OR-08.svg Army-POR-OR-07.svg Army-POR-OR-06.svg Army-POR-OR-05a.svg Army-POR-OR-05b.svg Army-POR-OR-05c.svg Army-POR-OR-04b.svg Army-POR-OR-03.svg Army-POR-OR-02.svg Army-POR-OR-01.svg
Sargento-mor
Sergeant-major
Sargento-chefe
Master Sergeant
Sargento-ajudante
First sergeant
Primeiro-sargento
Staff sergeant
Segundo-sargento
Sergeant
Furriel
Lance sergeant
Segundo-furriel
Second lance sergeant
Cabo-adjunto
Master corporal
Primeiro-cabo
First corporal
Segundo-cabo
Lance corporal
Soldado
Private

Air Force

Officers

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
Portugal-AirForce-OF-10.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-9.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-8.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-7.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-6.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-5.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-3.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-(D).svg Various
Marechal1 General Tenente General Major General Brigadeiro General Coronel Tenente Coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-Oficial Cadete Aluno
Ranks in English Marshal of the Air Force General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Aspirant Officer cadet

Non-commissioned officers and enlisted

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Portugal Portugal
(Edit)
Smor tt.TIF Schefe t.PNG Saju t.PNG Portugal-AirForce-OR-6b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-6a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-5a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-3a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OR-1.svg
Sargento-Mor Sargento-Chefe Sargento-Ajudante Primeiro-Sargento Segundo-Sargento Furriel Segundo-Furriel Cabo-Adjunto Primeiro-Cabo Segundo-Cabo Soldado Soldado-Recruta
Ranks in English Command Chief Master Sergeant Chief Master Sergeant Senior Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Senior Airman Airman First Class Airman Airman Basic

Notes

  1. ^ Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank.
  2. ^ Title; Honorary or posthumous rank; war time rank; ceremonial rank

References

  1. ^ Statute of the Military Personnel of the Armed Forces of Portugal
  2. ^ Statute of the Military Personnel of the National Republican Guard
Outline of Portugal

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Portugal:

The Portuguese Republic, commonly known as Portugal, is a sovereign country principally located on the Iberian Peninsula in Southern Europe. Portugal is the westernmost country of continental Europe and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira (including the Savage Islands) are also part of Portugal.

The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been continuously settled since prehistoric times. Some of the earliest civilizations include Lusitanians and Celtic societies. Incorporation into the Roman Republic dominions took place in the 2nd century BC. The region was ruled and colonized by Germanic peoples, such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, from the 5th to the 8th century. From this era, some vestiges of the Alans were also found. The Muslim Moors arrived in the early 8th century and conquered the Christian Germanic kingdoms, eventually occupying most of the Iberian Peninsula. In the early 12th century, during the Christian Reconquista, Portugal appeared as a kingdom independent of its neighbour, the Kingdom of León and Galicia. In a little over a century, in 1249, Portugal would establish almost its entire modern-day borders.

During the 15th and 16th centuries, with a global empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia and South America, Portugal was one of the world's major economic, political, and cultural powers. In the 17th century, the Portuguese Restoration War between Portugal and Spain ended the sixty-year period of the Iberian Union (1580–1640). In the 19th century, armed conflict with French and Spanish invading forces and the loss of its largest territorial possession abroad, Brazil, disrupted political stability and potential economic growth. In 1910, the last Portuguese king was overthrown and a republic was proclaimed. In 1926, a coup d'état established a military dictatorship that would be replaced by a fascist regime called Estado Novo in 1933. After the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974) and the Carnation Revolution coup d'état in 1974, the ruling regime was deposed in Lisbon, a democracy was established and the country handed over its last overseas provinces in Africa. Portugal was accepted as a member of the European Economic Community in 1986. Portugal's last overseas territory, Macau, was handed over to China in 1999.

Portuguese Armed Forces

The Portuguese Armed Forces (Portuguese: Forças Armadas) are the military of Portugal. They include the General Staff of the Armed Forces, the other unified bodies and the three service branches: Portuguese Navy, Portuguese Army and Portuguese Air Force.The President of the Republic is the head of the Portuguese military, with the title of "Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces" (Comandante Supremo das Forças Armadas). The management of the Armed Forces and the execution of the national defense policy is however done by the government (chaired by the Prime Minister) via its Minister of National Defense. The highest-ranking officer in the military is the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, which has operational control of the Armed Forces during peacetime and assumes their full control when a state of war exists.

The Armed Forces are charged with protecting Portugal as well as supporting international peacekeeping efforts when mandated by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the United Nations and/or the European Union.

Portugal was ranked the 3rd most peaceful country in the World in the Global Peace Index 2017, presently not having significant national security issues. The Portuguese Armed Forces have been thus focused in non military public service activities and in external military operations. Recent external operations include anti-piracy action in the Gulf of Aden, the conflicts in the Central African Republic and in Afghanistan, the peacekeeping missions in East-Timor, Lebanon, Kosovo and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the air policing of Iceland and the Baltic States.Military units and other bodies are stationed throughout all the Portuguese territory, including Continental Portugal, Madeira and the Azores.

The Portuguese Armed Forces were opened regular for women during the early-1990's. Portugal had mandatory conscription for all able-bodies men until November 2004.

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