Military ranks of Estonia

Present Estonian system of rank insignia is a direct descendant of various systems used in the past in the Estonian Defence Forces. Some of the grades trace their name back to the period of World Wars, for instance, the rank of aspirant literally means an officer in training in military academies or voluntaries, serving as temporary officers.

Most of the Estonian Army ranks were in most cases established during the Estonian War of Independence and in 1920s. These include the rank of kapral, which is a derivate of Italian caporale - much like the English equivalent of corporal. After the Soviet occupation ended in 1991, a new rank was established, creating for the first time a Brigadier General rank in the armed forces of Estonia. In Estonia rank insignia is worn on the chest. Estonian Junior NCOs are considered as a rank of a conscript NCO or NCO in reserve. In full-time service Junior Sergeants and Petty Officers 3rd Class are filling in various Soldier positions and naval ratings and are not taken as NCOs.

Estonian Land Forces ranks and insignia

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Estonia Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent Estonia-Army-OF-9.svg Estonia-Army-OF-8.svg Estonia-Army-OF-7.svg Estonia-Army-OF-6.svg Estonia-Army-OF-5.svg Estonia-Army-OF-4.svg Estonia-Army-OF-3.svg ES-Army-OF14.svg ES-Army-OF13.svg ES-Army-OF1b.svg ES-Army-OF1c.svg No equivalent
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Kapten Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik
Estonian:
Lühend
kin kin-ltn kin-mjr brig-kin kol kol-ltn mjr kpt ltn n-ltn lpn
English:
Ranks
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Ensign
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Estonia Estonia
(Edit)
Estonia-Army-OR-9b.svg Estonia-Army-OR-9a.svg Estonia-Army-OR-8.svg Estonia-Army-OR-7.svg Estonia-Army-OR-6.svg Estonia-Army-OR-5.svg Estonia-Army-OR-4b.svg Estonia-Army-OR-4a.svg No equivalent Estonia-Army-OR-2.svg Estonia-Army-OR-1.svg
Ülemveebel Staabiveebel Vanemveebel Veebel Nooremveebel Vanemseersant Seersant Nooremseersant Kapral Reamees
Estonian:
Lühend
ü-vbl st-vbl v-vbl vbl n-vbl v-srs srs n-srs kpr rms
English:
Ranks
Sergeant Major of Land Forces Sergeant Major Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Second sergeant Sergeant Junior sergeant Corporal Private

Officer candidates

Pagunid ES-Army-OC9.jpg ES-Army-OC8.jpg ES-Army-OC7.jpg ES-Army-OC6.jpg ES-Army-OC5.jpg ES-Army-OC4.jpg ES-Army-OC3.jpg ES-Army-OC2.jpg ES-Army-OC1.jpg
Auaste 3. õppeaasta kadett-veebel 2. õppeaasta kadett-veebel 3. õppeaasta kadett-seersant 2. õppeaasta kadett-seersant 1. õppeaasta kadett-seersant 3. õppeaasta kadett 2. õppeaasta kadett 1. õppeaasta kadett 1. semestri noorkadett
Rank 3rd year Cadet Sergeant 2nd year Cadet Sergeant 3rd year Cadet Junior Sergeant 2nd year Cadet Junior Sergeant 1st year Cadet Junior Sergeant 3rd year Cadet 2nd year Cadet 1st year Cadet 1st semester Junior Cadet
NATO No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent No equivalent

Aspirants

Pagunid ES-Army-OA2.jpg ES-Army-OA1.jpg
Auaste Ajateenijate reservrühmaülema kursuse lõpetanu Ajateenijate reservrühmaülema kursusel õppija
Rank Reserve platoon leader course Graduate Reserve platoon leader course Student
NATO No equivalent No equivalent

Estonian Navy ranks and insignia

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent Generic-Navy-O11.svg Generic-Navy-O10.svg Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O8.svg Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O6.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O2.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg No equivalent
Admiral Viitseadmiral Kontradmiral Kommodoor Mereväe kapten Kaptenleitnant Kaptenmajor Vanemleitnant Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik
Estonian:
Lühend
adm v-adm k-adm komd m-kpt kpt-ltn kpt-mjr v-ltn ltn n-ltn lpn
English:
Ranks
Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Senior Grade Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade Ensign
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Estonia Estonia
(Edit)
Mereväeülemveebel.png Mereväestaabiveebel.png Mereväevanemveebel.png Mereväeveebel.png Mereväenooremveebel.png Mereväevanemmaat.png Mereväemaat.png Mereväenooremaat.png No equivalent Mereväevanemmadrus.png Mereväemadrus.png
Ülemveebel Staabiveebel Vanemveebel Veebel Nooremveebel Vanemmaat Maat Nooremmaat Vanemmadrus Madrus
Estonian:
Lühend
ü-vbl st-vbl v-vbl vbl n-vbl v-maat maat n-maat v-mdr mdr
English:
Ranks
Master Chief Petty Officer of Navy Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer 1st Class Chief Petty Officer 2nd Class Petty Officer 1st class Petty Officer 2nd class Petty Officer 3rd class Leading Seaman Seaman

Estonian Air Force ranks and insignia

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Estonia Estonia
(Edit)
No equivalent Estonia-AirForce-OF-9.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-8.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-7.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-6.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-5.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-4.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-3.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-2.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-(D).svg No equivalent
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Kapten Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik
Estonian:
Lühend
kin kin-ltn kin-mjr brig-kin kol kol-ltn mjr kpt ltn n-ltn lpn
English:
Ranks
General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Ensign
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Estonia Estonia
(Edit)
Õhuväeülemveebel.png Õhuväestbveebel.png Õhuväevanemveebel.png Õhuväeveebel.png Õhuväenooremveebel.png Õhuväevanemseersant.png Õhuväeseersant.png Õhuväenooremseersant.png No equivalent Õhuväekapral.png Õhuväelane.png
Ülemveebel Staabiveebel Vanemveebel Veebel Nooremveebel Vanemseersant Seersant Nooremseersant Kapral Reamees
Estonian:
Lühend
ü-vbl st-vbl v-vbl vbl n-vbl v-srs srs n-srs kpr rms
English:
Ranks
Chief Master Sergeant of Air Force Chief Master Sergeant Senior Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Sergeant Senior Airman Airman

Kaitseliit staff positions and insignia

Higher and staff positions Senior field positions Junior field positions
NATO Code OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1C OF-1B OF-1A OR-8 OR-6 OR-4 OR-3
Kaitseliidu uelem.jpg Kaitseliidu Peastaabi uelem.jpg Maleva pealik.jpg Maleva Vaneminstruktor.jpg Malevkonna pealik.jpg Kompanii pealik.jpg Ryhma pealik.jpg Rühmapealik eriüksustes.jpg Ryhmapealiku abi.jpg Jaopealik.jpg Jaopealiku abi.jpg
Estonian:
Ametikohad
Kaitseliidu ülem Kaitseliidu Peastaabi ülem Kaitseliidu maleva pealik Maleva vaneminstruktor Malevkonna pealik Kompanii pealik Rühma pealik Rühmapealik eriüksustes Rühmapealiku abi Jaopealik Jaopealiku abi
English:
Positions
Commander Chief of Staff Chief of Malev Senior instructor Chief of Malevkond Chief of Company Platoon commander Platoon commander
in special forces
Assistant platoon commander Section commander Assistant section commander

See also

External links

Aleksander Einseln

Aleksander Einseln (25 October 1931 – 16 March 2017) was an Estonian general, the Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces from 1993 to 1995 and previously a United States Army colonel. Born in Estonia, his mother and he – barely in his teens – fled from the Red Army that was returning to occupy Estonia. From 1950-1985, he served in the US Army, taking part in the Korean War, and as a Special Forces A-team commander in the Vietnam War. In 1993, at the request of President Lennart Meri, he returned to Estonia to serve as the first Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces following the restoration of Estonia's independence.

Ants Laaneots

Ants Laaneots (born 16 January 1948) is an Estonian politician and former military officer. He was previously the Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces and a veteran officer in the Soviet Army. Laaneots previously served as the Commandant of the Estonian National Defence College from 2001 to 2006. He was appointed the Commander-in-Chief on 5 December 2006 and was promoted to general in 2011. After retiring from the military, he became a politician.

Estonian Defence Forces

The Estonian Defence Forces (Estonian: Eesti Kaitsevägi) is the unified armed forces of the Republic of Estonia. The Estonian military is a defence force consisting of Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, and a paramilitary organization Defence League. The national defence policy aims to guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state, the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace and its constitutional order. Its main goals remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the defence forces in a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and European Union member states to participate in the full range of missions for these military alliances.

Johannes Kert

Johannes Kert (born 3 December 1959) is an Estonian politician and former military officer. He served as the Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces from 1996 until 2000. He retired from the military in 2008. Since 2014, Kert has been a member of the Estonian Reform Party.

Junior sergeant

A junior sergeant is a rank in armed forces and police of some states.

Kindral

Kindral is the Estonian word for General which is also the highest military position in the Republic of Estonia. Both Ground Force and Air Force superior officers ranks share the same names which have been combined with the military rank of general and other senior officer ranks. There are four types of generals in the Estonia Defence Forces.

Kolonel

Kolonel is a rank used in Albania, Belgium, Estonia, Indonesia, Malaysia and in the Netherlands which corresponds to the rank of Colonel in most of countries where English is an official language.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Outline of Estonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Estonia:

Estonia – state of 1.29 million people in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. The territory of Estonia covers 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. The Estonians are a Finnic people, and the official language, Estonian, is a Finno-Ugric language closely related to Finnish and distantly to Hungarian.

Tarmo Kõuts

Tarmo Kõuts (born 27 November 1953 in Sandla, Pihtla Parish, Saaremaa) is an Estonian politician and former Commander of the Estonian Defence Forces.

Kõuts graduated from Tallinn Maritime School in 1973 and from Kaliningrad Technical Institute in 1985. From 1973 to 1990 he worked in various positions in the Estonian Shipping Company. He served as the rector of Estonian Maritime Academy from 1990 to 1993 and as the director-general of Estonian Border Guard from 1993 to 2000.

In September 2000 Rear Admiral Kõuts was appointed commander of the Estonian Defence Forces. Having been promoted to the rank of vice admiral in 2002, Kõuts retained the position until 2006, when he stepped down to move into politics. He joined the right-wing Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica and successfully ran for a seat in the parliament in the 2007 elections.

Veebel

Veebel is an Estonian military rank which has existed since the 20th century. The word veebel is derived from the German rank name of Feldwebel, and is usually, but incorrectly, translated into English as Sergeant. The official translation given by the Estonian Army is Warrant Officer, although the rank is equivalent to the British Army rank of Sergeant in the NATO code.

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