Military ranks of East Timor

The Military ranks of East Timor are the military insignia used by the Timor Leste Defence Force. Being a former colony of Portugal, East Timor shares a rank structure similar to that of Portugal.

Timorese sailor
Grumete in the NRTL Kamenassa

Officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army and navy respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
East Timor Timor-Leste
(Edit)
No equivalent Timor-Leste-Army-OF-9.svg Timor-Leste-Army-OF-8.svg Timor-Leste-Army-OF-7.svg Timor-Leste-Army-OF-6.svg 12.TLDF-COL.svg 11.TLDF-LTC.svg 10.TLDF-MAJ.svg Timor-Leste-Army-OF-2.svg Timor-Leste-Army-OF-1b.svg Timor-Leste-Army-OF-1a.svg None.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Aspirante
East Timor Timor-Leste
(Edit)
No equivalent
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg POR-Navy-OFD.svg
Capitão-tenente Primeiro-tenente Segundo-tenente Guarda-marinha Aspirante

Enlisted

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army and navy respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
East Timor Timor-Leste
(Edit)
None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Furriel Segundo-furriel Cabo-adjunto Primeiro-cabo Segundo-cabo Soldado
East Timor Timor-Leste
(Edit)
None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg None.svg No insignia
Sargento-mor Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Primerio-subsargento Segundo-subsargento Cabo Primeiro-marinheiro Segundo-marinheiro Grumete

References

East Timor Ministry for Defence:

Outline of East Timor

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to East Timor:

East Timor – sovereign island nation located in Southeast Asia. East Timor comprises the eastern half of the Island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor. The small country of 15,410 km² (5,400 sq mi) is located about 640 km (400 mi) northwest of Darwin, Australia.

East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonization of the country. In late 1975 East Timor declared its independence but was invaded and occupied by Indonesia later that year, and declared that country's 27th province the following year. In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory and East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the twenty-first century on May 20, 2002. East Timor is one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Southeast Asia, the other being the Philippines.

At US$2,500, the per capita GDP (purchasing power parity adjusted) of East Timor is one of the lowest in the world. Its Human Development Index (HDI), however, corresponds to a medium degree of human development and places East Timor 142nd among the world's states.

Timor Leste Defence Force

The Timor Leste Defence Force (Tetum: Forcas Defesa Timor Lorosae, Portuguese: Forças de Defesa de Timor Leste or Falintil-FDTL, often F-FDTL) is the military body responsible for the defence of East Timor. The F-FDTL was established in February 2001 and comprised two small infantry battalions, a small naval component and several supporting units.

The F-FDTL's primary role is to protect East Timor from external threats. It also has an internal security role, which overlaps with that of the Policia Nacional de Timor Leste (PNTL). This overlap has led to tensions between the services, which have been exacerbated by poor morale and lack of discipline within the F-FDTL.

The F-FDTL's problems came to a head in 2006 when almost half the force was dismissed following protests over discrimination and poor conditions. The dismissal contributed to a general collapse of both the F-FDTL and PNTL in May and forced the government to request foreign peacekeepers to restore security. The F-FDTL is currently being rebuilt with foreign assistance and has drawn up a long-term force development plan.

Military ranks and insignia by country
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