Military ranks of Albania

Albanian military ranks form the system of hierarchal ranks in Albania's armed forces.

Current Ranks (since 2011)

Commissioned officers

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Albania Albania
(Edit)
No equivalent
ALB-Army-OF-8.svg ALB-Army-OF-7.svg ALB-Army-OF-6.svg ALB-Army-OF-5.svg ALB-Army-OF-4.svg ALB-Army-OF-3.svg ALB-Army-OF-2.svg ALB-Army-OF-1b.svg ALB-Army-OF-1a.svg No equivalent
Gjeneral Lejtant Gjeneral Major Gjeneral Brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger
Albania Albania
(Edit)
No equivalent
Generic-Navy-O11.svg Generic-Navy-O10.svg Generic-Navy-O9.svg Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O6.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg No equivalent
Admiral Nënadmiral Kundëradmiral Kapiten Rangut I Kapiten Rangut II Kapiten Rangut III Kapiten Leitnant Leitnant Nënleitnant
Albania Albania
(Edit)
No equivalent
ALB-Airforce-OF-8.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-7.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-6.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-5.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-4.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-3.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-2.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-1b.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-1a.svg Unknown
Gjenerallejtnant Gjeneralmajor Gjeneralbrigad Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger
NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Enlisted

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Albania Albania
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Army-ALB-OR-9 Army-ALB-OR-8 Army-ALB-OR-7 Army-ALB-OR-6 Army-ALB-OR-5 Army-ALB-OR-01 Army-ALB-OR-01 Army-ALB-OR-01 Army-ALB-OR-01
Kryekapter
Sergeant Major
Kapter
First Sergeant
Rreshter
Sergeant First Class
Tetar
Staff Sergeant
Nëntetar
Sergeant
Ushtar IV
Corporal
Ushtar III
Private First Class
Ushtar II
Private
Ushtar I
Private
Albania Albania
(Edit)
Navy-ALB-OR-9 Navy-ALB-OR-8 Navy-ALB-OR-7 Navy-ALB-OR-6 Navy-ALB-OR-5 Navy-ALB-OR-01 Navy-ALB-OR-01 Navy-ALB-OR-01 Navy-ALB-OR-01
Kryekapter
Master Chief Petty Officer
Kapter
Senior Chief Petty Officer
Rreshter
Chief Petty Officer
Tetar
Petty Officer First Class
Nëntetar
Petty Officer Second Class
Ushtar IV
Petty Officer Third Class
Ushtar III
Seaman
Ushtar II
Seaman Apprentice
Ushtar I
Seaman Recruit
Albania Albania
(Edit)
Airforce-ALB-OR-9.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-8.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-7.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-6.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-5.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg Airforce-ALB-OR-01.svg
Kryekapter
Sergeant Major
Kapter
First Sergeant
Rreshter
Sergeant First Class
Tetar
Staff Sergeant
Nëntetar
Sergeant
Ushtar IV
Corporal
Ushtar III
Private First Class
Ushtar II
Private
Ushtar I
Private
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

History

Albanian military insignia have undergone several periods during which their design changed radically.

The first ranks in the Albanian Armed Forces were formed in 1926 during the reign of King Zog I. His rule comprises two periods, the "Austrian" (1929-1936) and the "Italian" style of insignia.

During the time of Italian and German occupations of Albania their respective ranks were worn on Albanian militia uniforms.

After the Second World War, when the communist regime took power, military ranks were radically changed in looks and in naming. In the first years officers and generals wore sleeve insignia whose order was loosely based on that time's Yugoslav patterns. In 1947 a new model was introduced (both in Albania and Yugoslavia), where insignia and ranks came from the Soviet Union. This followed the traditions of Stalin's last years where insignia of all the Communist Bloc countries tended to uniformity. While most socialist countries abandoned this model soon after Stalin's death, Albania preserved it until May 1966, when military ranks were abolished altogether following Chinese example and based on doctrines of guerilla warfare.

With the fall of the communist regime the military ranks were re-established in 1991 following a Western model. However, there were several crucial changes in their design (1991, 2004 and 2011) and a few minor ones.

2004-2011

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Albania Albania No equivalent Army-ALB--OF-09.svg Army-ALB--OF-08.svg Army-ALB--OF-07.svg Army-ALB--OF-06.svg Army-ALB-OF-05.svg Army-ALB-OF-04.svg Army-ALB-OF-03.svg Army-ALB-OF-02.svg Army-ALB-OF-01a.svg Army-ALB-OF-01b.svg No equivalent
Gjeneral Gjeneral Lejtant Gjeneral Major Gjeneral Brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger
Albanian Armed Forces

The Albanian Armed Forces (Albanian: Forcat e Armatosura të Republikës së Shqipërisë (FARSH)) are the military of Albania and were formed after the declaration of independence in 1912. Today, it consists of: the General Staff, the Albanian Land Force, Albanian Air Force and the Albanian Naval Force.

The President of Albania is the Commander-in-Chief of the nation's military. In times of peace, the President's powers as Commander-in-Chief are executed through the Prime Minister and the Defence Minister.

Outline of Albania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Albania:

Republic of Albania – sovereign country located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west, and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 100 km (62 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto. Albania is a parliamentary democracy that is transforming its economy into a market-oriented system. The Albanian capital, Tirana, is home to 350,000 of the country's 3.6 million population. As a result of the opening of the country in the post-communist era, Albania is now undergoing a development boom as its telecommunications, transport and utilities infrastructure is being revamped.

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