Military awards and decorations of the United Kingdom

The British Armed Forces recognises service and personal accomplishments of individuals while a member of the Royal Navy, British Army or Royal Air Force with the awarding of various awards and decorations.

Together with rank and qualification badges, such awards are a means to outwardly display the highlights of a serviceperson's career.

Order of wear

All services use a common order of wear, the following general rules apply:[1]

  1. The Victoria Cross and the George Cross
  2. United Kingdom Decorations
  3. Order of St John (all classes)
  4. United Kingdom Medals for Gallantry and for Distinguished Service
  5. United Kingdom Operational Service Medals (including authorised United Nations Medals and Medals of other recognised International Organisations). Worn in order of date of award
  6. United Kingdom Polar Medals
  7. United Kingdom Police Medals for Valuable Service
  8. United Kingdom Jubilee, Coronation and Durbar Medals
  9. Long Service and Efficiency Awards
  10. Commonwealth Orders, Decorations and Medals instituted by the Sovereign. Worn in order of date of award.
  11. Commonwealth Orders, Decorations and Medals instituted since 1949 otherwise than by the Sovereign (including those of the States of Malaysia and the State of Brunei). Worn in order of date of award.
  12. Foreign Orders. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.
  13. Foreign Decorations. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.
  14. Foreign Medals. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.

British military medals and ribbons

Military orders and decorations

Emblem Description Postnom Established Eligibility Period [1] Remarks
Level 1 Decorations
Victoria Cross (UK) ribbon Victoria Cross VC 5 February 1856[2] Jan 1856 – present For valour in combat.
George Cross UK ribbon George Cross GC 24 September 1940[3] 1940 – present For valour other than in combat.
Orders – First Class
Order of the Bath UK ribbon Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
(Military Division)
GCB(Mil) 27 May 1725[4][5] 27 May 1725 – present[4][5] Prior to 2 January 1815, this grade was known as a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath.[4][5]
Order of Merit (Commonwealth realms) ribbon Order of Merit
(Military Division)
OM(Mil) 23 June 1902[6] 23 June 1902 – present[6]
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon Knight/Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
GBE(Mil) 24 August 1917[7][8] 4 June 1917 – present[7][8]
Orders – Second Class
Order of the Bath UK ribbon Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the Bath
(Military Division)
KCB(Mil)
DCB(Mil)
2 January 1815[4][5] 2 January 1815 – present[4][5]
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon Knight/Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
KBE(Mil)
DBE(Mil)
24 August 1917[7][8] 4 June 1917 – present[7][8]
Orders – Third Class
Order of the Bath UK ribbon Companion of the Order of the Bath
(Military Division)
CB(Mil) 2 January 1815[4][5] 1815 – present[4][5]
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon Commander of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
CBE(Mil) 24 August 1917[7][8] 4 June 1917 – present[7][8]
Level 2A Decoration (Order)
Dso-ribbon Distinguished Service Order DSO 9 November 1886[9] 1885 – present[10] From Oct 1993 awarded for leadership only. Replaced for gallantry in Oct 1993 by the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross.[9]
Orders – Fourth Class
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon Officer of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
OBE(Mil) 24 August 1917[7][8] 4 June 1917 – present[7][8]
Orders – Fifth Class
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon Member of the Order of the British Empire
(Military Division)
MBE(Mil) 24 August 1917[7][8] 4 June 1917 – present[7][8]
Level 2A Indian Order (Decoration)
Lint Indische Orde van Verdienste Indian Order of Merit Indian Order of Merit (1st Class)
(Military Division)
IOM(Mil) 1837–1911 Replaced by the VC in 1911.
Lint Indische Orde van Verdienste Indian Order of Merit Indian Order of Merit (2nd Class)
(Military Division)
IOM(Mil) 1837–1947
Lint Indische Orde van Verdienste Indian Order of Merit Indian Order of Merit (3rd Class)
(Military Division)
IOM(Mil) 1837–1947
Level 2A Decorations
UK Conspicuous Gallantry Cross ribbon Conspicuous Gallantry Cross CGC October 1993 1993 – present
Royal Red Cross (UK) ribbon Royal Red Cross (Class I) RRC 27 April 1883 1883 – present
Level 3A Decorations
Distinguished Service Cross (UK) ribbon Distinguished Service Cross DSC June 1901 1901 – present Awarded only to officers until 1993.
Military Cross ribbon Military Cross MC Dec 1914[11] 1914 – present
United Kingdom Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon Distinguished Flying Cross DFC June 1918 1918 – present
UK AFC ribbon Air Force Cross AFC 3 June 1918[12] 1918 – present
Royal Red Cross (UK) ribbon Royal Red Cross (Class II) ARRC 27 April 1883 1917 – present
OBI 1939-1947 1 Order of British India (First Class) OBI 1837–1947
OBI 1939-1947 2 Order of British India (Second Class) OBI 1837–1947
Level 2B Medals
Ribbon - Distinguished Conduct Medal Distinguished Conduct Medal DCM 1854 1854–1993 Replaced in Oct 1993 by the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross.
CGM UK ribbon Conspicuous Gallantry Medal CGM 1874–1993
CGM (Flying) UK ribbon Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying) CGM 1874 1874–1993
UK George Medal ribbon George Medal GM September 1940 1940 – present
King%27s African Rifles Distinguished Conduct Medal Ribbon Royal West African Frontier Force Distinguished Conduct Medal 1907 1907–1942
King%27s African Rifles Distinguished Conduct Medal Ribbon King's African Rifles Distinguished Conduct Medal 1907 1907–1942
Level 3B Medals
Indian Distinguished Service Medal Ribbon Indian Distinguished Service Medal IDSM June 1907 1907–1947
Distinguished Service Medal UK ribbon Distinguished Service Medal DSM October 1914 1914–1993 Equivalent awards for ORs to similarly named crosses for officers.
UK Military Medal ribbon Military Medal MM 25 March 1916 1916–1993
Distinguished Flying Medal ribbon Distinguished Flying Medal DFM June 1918 1918–1993
AFM (UK) ribbon Air Force Medal AFM 3 June 1918 1918–1993
SGM(UK)ribbon Sea Gallantry Medal SGM 10 August 1854 1854 – present
Burma Gallantry Medal ribbon Burma Gallantry Medal BGM 10 May 1940[13] 1940–1948
Queens Gallantry Medal UK ribbon Queen's Gallantry Medal QGM 20 June 1974 1974 – present
Order of the British Empire (Military) Ribbon British Empire Medal
(Military Division)
BEM(Mil) 24 August 1917[7][8] 4 June 1917[7] – 1993[8]
2012–present
Queen%27s Volunteer Reserves Medal Ribbon 100px Queen's Volunteer Reserves Medal QVRM 1999 1999 – present
Level 4 Commendations
UK MID 1994 Mentioned in Dispatches Nil 1919 1914 – present Insignia attached to appropriate campaign medal; if no campaign medal awarded, insignia attached after any medal ribbons
Mentioned in Dispatches emblem King's/Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct Nil 1943 1939–1994
Mentioned in Dispatches emblem King's/Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service in the Air Nil 1942 1939–1994
Queen%27s Commendation for Bravery Queen's Commendation for Bravery Nil 1994 1994 – present
Queen%E2%80%99s Commendation for Bravery in the Air Queen's Commendation for Bravery in the Air Nil 1994 1994 – present
Queen%27s Commendation for Valuable Service Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service Nil 1994 1993 – present

Note [1] Eligibility period start dates reflect respective establishment dates, except where available evidence indicates otherwise.

Military campaign medals

Emblem Description Established Eligibility Period Remarks
18th Century Campaign Medals
Yellow Cord Morighyr Mutiny Medal 1766 1766[14] HEIC Issue.[C 1]
Yellow Cord Deccan Medal 1784 1778–1784 HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to Subadars, silver gilt to Jemadars and other native officers, and silver to 'native' non-commissioned officers and soldiers.[14]
Yellow Cord Mysore Medal 1 April 1793 1790–1792 HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to Subadars, silver gilt to Jemadars and Serrangs, and silver to 'native' non-commissioned officers and soldiers.[14]
19th Century Campaign Medals
Waterloo Medal BAR Siege of Seringapatam Medal 1801 March 1799 – 8 May 1799 HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold, silver gilt, silver, bronze and tin dependent upon rank and position to both British subjects and 'native' soldiers. Authorised for British Army wear on 29 August 1815. Several other ribbons were worn unofficially.[14]
Yellow Cord Medal for Egypt 1801 31 July 1802 8 March – 31 August 1801 HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to senior officers, and silver to all others eligible.[14]
Waterloo Medal BAR Army Gold Medal 1806 1808–1814 Issued with battle/action claps where appropriate.[15]
Yellow Cord Capture of Ceylon Medal 15 May 1807 1795–1796 HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to 'native' officers, and silver to 'native' non-commissioned officers and soldiers.[14]
Waterloo Medal BAR Army Gold Cross 1810 1808–1814 Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Waterloo Medal BAR Waterloo Medal 1816 16 – 18 June 1815
Waterloo Medal BAR Burma Medal 1826 1824–1826 HEIC Issue. Awarded in gold to native officers and silver to native non-commissioned officers and soldiers.[16]
Ghuznee Medal BAR Ghuznee Medal 1839 21 – 23 July 1839 HEIC Issue.
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Candahar, Ghuznee, Cabul Medal 1842 1839–1842 HEIC Issue.
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Jellalabad Medals 1842 November 1841 – 16 April 1842 HEIC Issue.
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Medal for the Defence of Kelat-I-Ghilzie 1842 February – May 1842 HEIC Issue.
China War Medal 1842 BAR China War Medal (1842) 1843 5 July 1840 – 29 August 1842 Issued with clasps for Second China War where appropriate.
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Scinde Medal 22 September 1843 1842–1843 HEIC Issue. Issued in one of three types: "Meeanee 1843", "Hyderabad 1843" and "Meeanee/Hyderabad 1843".
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Gwalior Star 1843 1843 HEIC Issue, issued for the Battle of Gwalior, which was fought at Maharajpur and Panihaar. Medals indicated in central disc of star the battleground for which it was issued[17]
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Maharajpoor Star 1843 29 December 1843 HEIC Issue.
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Punniar Star 1843 29 December 1843 HEIC Issue.
Sutlej Medal BAR Sutlej Medal 17 April 1846 7 September 1845 – 14 March 1849 HEIC Issue. Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Naval General Service Medal 1847 BAR Naval General Service Medal 1847 1793–1840 Always issued with battle/action clasps.
Military General Service Medal 1847 BAR Military General Service Medal 1 June 1847 1793–1814 Always issued with battle/action clasps.
Punjab Medal BAR Punjab Medal 2 April 1849 7 September 1848 – 14 March 1849 HEIC Issue. Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Army of India Medal BAR Army of India Medal 21 March 1851 1803–1826 HEIC Issue. Always issued with battle/action clasps.
India General Service Medal 1854 BAR India General Service Medal (1854) 11 March 1854 1852–1895 Issued in silver. From 1885, issued in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Always issued with battle/action clasps.
South Africa Medal (1854) South Africa Medal (1854) 1854 1834–1835
1846–1847
1850–1853
Crimea Medal BAR Crimean War Medal 15 Dec 1854 1854–1856 Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Baltic Medal BAR Baltic Medal 23 April 1856 1854–1855
Indian Mutiny Medal BAR Indian Mutiny Medal 1858 1857–1858 Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Second China War Medal BAR Second China War Medal 6 March 1861 1856–1860 Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
New Zealand Medal BAR New Zealand Medal 1869 1845–1848
1860–1866
Abyssinian War Medal BAR Abyssinian War Medal 1869 October 1867 – April 1868
Canada General Service Medal BAR Canada General Service Medal 1899 1866–1870
Ashantee War Medal BAR Ashantee Medal June 1874 1873–1874
South Africa Medal (1854) South Africa Medal (1880) Aug 1880 1877–1879 Issued with campaign clasp where appropriate.
Afghanistan Medal BAR Afghanistan Medal 1881 1878–1880
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon Kabul to Kandahar Star March 1881 1880
Egypt Medal BAR Egypt Medal Oct 1882 1882–1889
Royal Niger Company%27s Medal, ribbon bar Royal Niger Company’s Medal 1899 1886–1897 Issued by the Royal Niger Company for minor military operations.
Ashantee War Medal BAR East and West Africa Medal 1892 13 November 1887 – 8 May 1900
Central Africa Medal ribbon bar Central Africa Medal 1895 1891–1894 Issued in silver to combatants and in bronze to support personnel.
India Medal BAR India General Service Medal (1895) 1 April 1896 3 March 1895 – 10 March 1902 Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
Ashanti Star BAR Ashanti Star 1896 1895–1896
Queens Sudan Medal BAR Queen's Sudan Medal 1899 1896–1898
East and Central Africa Medal BAR East and Central Africa Medal 1899 20 July 1897 – 2 May 1899 Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
Queen%27s South Africa Medal Queen's South Africa Medal Apr 1901 11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902 Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Issued with appropriate battle or state clasps where appropriate.
Queen%27s South Africa Medal Queen's Mediterranean Medal 1902 1899–1902
20th Century Campaign Medals
Pre–World War
Third China War Medal BAR Third China War Medal 1901 1900 Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Issued with battle/action clasps where appropriate.
Ashanti Medal BAR Ashanti Medal 1901 March – December 1901
King%27s South Africa Medal King's South Africa Medal 1902 1 January – 1 June 1902 Issued with clasps South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902 where appropriate.
Africa General Service Medal BAR Africa General Service Medal 1902 1900 – 1962
Transport Medal BAR Transport Medal 1903 1899 – 1902 For South Africa or China.
Tibet Medal BAR Tibet Medal 1 February 1905 13 December 1903 – 23 September 1904 Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel.
India General Service Medal 1909 BAR India General Service Medal (1909) 1 January 1909 1908–1935 Issued in silver to officers and enlisted personnel and, during 1908–1912, in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel. Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
World War I
Ribbon - 1914 Star %26 Rosette 1914 Star Apr 1917 5 August – 22 November 1914 Issued with clasp 5 Aug – 22 November 1914 where appropriate.
Ribbon - 1914 Star 1914-15 Star Dec 1918 5 August 1914 – 31 December 1915
Ribbon - British War Medal British War Medal 26 July 1919 5 August 1914 – 11 November 1918 Issued in silver to officers and enlisted soldiers and in bronze to non-enlisted support personnel.
Ribbon - Victory Medal Victory Medal 1 September 1919 5 August 1914 – 11 November 1918
1919–1920
11 Nov 1918 – 30 November 1919
World War 1. Issued with MID oak leaf cluster where appropriate.
British Naval Mission to Russia
North Sea mine clearance
Territorial Forces War Medal BAR Territorial Force War Medal Apr 1920 4 August 1914 – 11 November 1918
Mercantile Marine War Medal BAR Mercantile Marine War Medal 1 September 1919 4 August 1914 – 11 November 1918
Inter-World War
Naval General Service Medal 1915 BAR Naval General Service Medal (1915) 6 August 1915 1909 – 23 December 1962 Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
General Service Medal 1918 BAR General Service Medal (1918) 19 January 1923 12 November 1918 – 23 December 1962 Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps.
India General Service Medal 1936 BAR India General Service Medal (1936) 3 August 1938 1936 – 1939 Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps. Issued with MID oak leaf where appropriate.
World War II
39-45 Star BAR 1939–45 Star July 1943 3 September 1939 – 2 September 1945 Issued with clasps Battle of Britain or Bomber Command where appropriate.
AtlanticStarRibbon2 Atlantic Star May 1945 3 September 1939 – 8 May 1945 Issued with clasps Air Crew Europe or France and Germany where appropriate.
Arctic Star bar Arctic Star December 2012 3 September 1939 – 8 May 1945
Air Crew Europe BAR Air Crew Europe Star May 1945 3 September 1939 – 5 June 1944 Issued with clasps Atlantic or France and Germany where appropriate.
Africa Star BAR Africa Star July 1943 10 June 1940 – 12 May 1943 Issued with clasps 8th Army or 1st Army or North Africa 1942 – 43 where appropriate.
Pacific Star BAR Pacific Star 1945 8 December 1941 – 2 September 1945 Issued with clasp Burma where appropriate.
Burma Star BAR Burma Star 1945 11 December 1941 – 2 September 1945 Issued with clasp Pacific where appropriate.
Italy Star BAR Italy Star May 1945 11 June 1943 – 8 May 1945
France and Germany Star BAR France and Germany Star May 1945 6 June 1944 – 8 May 1945 Issued with clasp Atlantic where appropriate.
Defence Medal BAR Defence Medal 16 August 1945 3 September 1939 – 2 September 1945 Issued with KCBC silver oak leaf where appropriate.
Ribbon - War Medal War Medal 1939–1945 16 August 1945 3 September 1939 – 2 September 1945 Issued with MID bronze oak leaf or KCBC silver oak leaf where appropriate.
India Service Medal BAR India Service Medal 6 June 1946 3 September 1939 – 2 September 1945
Canadian Volunteer Service Medal BAR Canadian Volunteer Service Medal 22 October 1943 3 September 1939 – 1 March 1947 Issued with Maple Leaf, Dieppe, or Hong Kong clasps where appropriate.
Ribbon - Africa Service Medal Africa Service Medal 23 Dec 1943 6 September 1939 – 2 September 1945 Awarded by the Union of South Africa. Issued with the King's Commendation (South Africa) (1939–45) emblem where appropriate.
Australia Service Medal 1939-1945 BAR Australia Service Medal Nov 1949 3 September 1939 – 2 September 1945
New Zealand War Service Medal 1939-1945 BAR New Zealand War Service Medal 30 Sept 1948[18] 3 September 1939 – 2 September 1945
Southern Rhodesia Medal for War Service BAR Southern Rhodesia Medal for War Service 1948 1939 – 1945
Newfoundland Volunteer War Service Medal BAR Newfoundland Volunteer War Service Medal 17 Dec 1993 3 September 1939 – 2 September 1945
Post–World War
Korea Medal Korea Medal Jul 1951 1 July 1950 – 27 July 1953
General Service Medal 1962 BAR General Service Medal (1962) 6 October 1964 24 December 1962 – 31 July 2007[19] Always issued with appropriate campaign clasps. Replaced 1918 GSM.
South Atlantic Medal w rosette BAR South Atlantic Medal 1982 2 April – 12 July 1982[20] Issued with Rosette for service between 35° and 60° South.[20]
South Atlantic Medal BAR 2 April – 21 October 1982[21] Issued without Rosette for service between 7° and 60° South
Gulf Medal BAR Gulf Medal 1992 2 August 1990 – 7 March 1991[20] Issued with clasp August 1990 or 6 Jan to 28 February 1991 where appropriate.[20]
21st Century Campaign Medals
See below Operational Service Medal (OSM) 1 January 2000[22] See below Replaced General Service Medal 1962. Issued with a separate ribbon for each campaign.
OSM for Sierra Leone BAR OSM Sierra Leone 2002 5 May 2000 – 31 July 2002[22] Issued with Rosette for Op BARRAS or Op MAIDENLY where appropriate.[22]
OSM for Afghanistan BAR OSM Afghanistan 2003 11 September 2001 – present[22] Issued with clasp Afghanistan where appropriate.[22]
OSM for Congo BAR OSM Democratic Republic of Congo 2005 14 June 2003 – 10 September 2003[22] Always issued with Clasp DROC.[22]
Iraq Medal BAR Iraq Medal 23 February 2004 20 January 2003 – 22 May 2011[20] Issued with clasp 19 Mar to 28 April 2003 where appropriate.[20]
Iraq Reconstruction Service Medal Ribbon 100px Iraq Reconstruction Service Medal 26 June 2004 19 March 2003 – 2013
Civilian Service Medal (Afghanistan) Civilian Service Medal (Afghanistan) 6 April 2011 9 November 2001 – present
Ebola medal ribbon Ebola Medal for Service in West Africa 11 June 2015 23 March 2014 – 29 March 2016[23] First UK campaign medal issued for response to humanitarian crisis.[24]
General Service Medal 08 ribbon General Service Medal (2008) 2015 January 2008 – present[25] New GSM Medal for recipients who have served on medal worthy operations facing dangerous and demanding circumstances that do not qualify for other medals, especially the OSM medals.[26]
OSM Iraq and Syria OSM Iraq and Syria 2018 26 September 2014 – present Issued with Clasp Iraq and Syria for service in area of operations.

Notes:

  1. ^ The Honourable East India Company (HEIC)

Coronation and Jubilee medals

Emblem Description Established Date of Event Remarks
Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal (military) ribbon Queen Victoria Golden Jubilee Medal[27] 1887 21 June 1887 Issued in Gold, Silver or Bronze
Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal (military) ribbon Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal 1897 20 June 1897 Issued in Gold, Silver or Bronze
King Edward VII Coronation Medal (Military) ribbon King Edward VII Coronation Medal 1902 26 June 1902 Issued in Silver or Bronze
King George V Coronation Medal ribbon King George V Coronation Medal 1911 23 June 1911 Civil/Military award
GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon King George V Silver Jubilee Medal 1935 6 May 1935
GeorgeVICoronationRibbon King George VI Coronation Medal 1937 12 May 1937
ElizabethIICoronationRibbon Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal 1953 2 June 1953
Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal 1977 6 February 1977
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal 2002 6 February 2002
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal 2012 6 February 2012

Efficiency and long service decorations and medals

Emblem Description Post
nom
Estab. Eligibility Period Remarks
Meritorious Service
See below Meritorious Service Medal
Meritorious Service Medal (UK)   Meritorious Service Medal 1845 – present Army
Meritorious Service Medal (UK)   Meritorious Service Medal (Royal Navy) 1919 1928 – present
Meritorious Service Medal (UK)   Meritorious Service Medal (Royal Marines) 1849 1947 – present
Royal Air Force Meritorious Service Medal Ribbon 100px   Meritorious Service Medal (Royal Air Force) 1918 1928 – present
Accumulated Campaign Service
Accumulated Campaign Service Medal BAR Accumulated Campaign Service Medal 1994 1969–2011 Replaced with ACSM 11
Accumulated Campaign Service Medal 2011 BAR 2011 2008 – Qualifying period reduced from 36 to 24 months
Long Service and Good Conduct
Ribbon - Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 1830–1930 Army
Ribbon - Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Military) Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Military) 1930 – present Army
Ribbon - Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal v1 Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (1830) 1830–1847 Navy
Ribbon - Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal v3 Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (1848) 1848 – present Navy
Meritorious Service (resumed)
Meritorious Service Medal (UK) Medal for Meritorious Service (Royal Navy) MSM 1918–1928
Long Service and Good Conduct (resumed)
LS%26GC and MSM early version ribbons Indian Long Service and Good Conduct Medal For Europeans of the Indian Army.
Meritorious Service (resumed)
LS%26GC and MSM early version ribbons Indian Meritorious Service Medal For Europeans of the Indian Army.
Royal Marines Meritorious Service Medal 1849–1947
Royal Air Force Meritorious Service Medal 1918–1928
Long Service and Good Conduct (resumed)
Ribbon - Royal Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal Air Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 1919 – present Air Force
Long service and good conduct ulster defense Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Ulster Defence Regiment)
Ribbon - Permanent Forces of the Empire Beyond the Seas Medal Permanent Forces of the Empire Beyond the Seas Medal 1909 1919–1932
Ribbon - Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Military) Indian Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (for the Indian Army)
RWAFF and KAR Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal West African Frontier Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Sierra Leone Military Forces Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
RWAFF and KAR Long Service and Good Conduct Medal King's African Rifles Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Meritorious Service (resumed)
Meritorious Service Medal (UK) Indian Meritorious Service Medal (for the Indian Army)
Hong Kong Disciplined Services Medal Hong Kong Disciplined Services Medal
Part Time Forces Long Service
Army Emergency Reserve Decoration Army Emergency Reserve Decoration ERD
Ribbon - Volunteer Officers%27 Decoration Volunteer Officers' Decoration VD 1892–1930
Ribbon - Volunteer Long Service Medal Volunteer Long Service Medal 1894–1930 Ribbon - Volunteer Long Service Medal HAC HAC ribbon
Ribbon - Volunteer Officers%27 Decoration Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies VD 1894–1899
Ribbon - Volunteer Long Service Medal Volunteer Long Service Medal for India and the Colonies 1896–1930
Ribbon - Volunteer Long Service Medal Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration VD Ribbon - Volunteer Officers%27 Decoration 1921–1927
Ribbon - Volunteer Long Service Medal Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal
Gunnery
Ribbon - Queen%27s Medal for Champion Shots Navy Naval Good Shooting Medal 1903 1903–14
Part Time Forces Long Service (resumed)[28]
Militia Long Service Medal Militia Long Service Medal 1904 1904–1930
Imperial Yeomanry Long Service Medal Imperial Yeomanry Long Service Medal 1904 1904–1908
See below Territorial Decoration TD
Ribbon - Efficiency Decoration (South Africa)   Territorial Decoration TD 1908 1908–1999
Ribbon - Efficiency Decoration (HAC)   Territorial Decoration (HAC) TD 1908 1908–1999
Ceylon Armed Services Long Service Medal ribbon bar Ceylon Armed Services Long Service Medal 1968 1968–1972
See below Efficiency Decoration TD
ED
Ribbon - Efficiency Decoration (South Africa)   Efficiency Decoration TD/ED 1930–
Ribbon - Efficiency Decoration (HAC)   Efficiency Decoration (HAC) TD 1930–1999
Ribbon - Efficiency Decoration (TAVR)   Efficiency Decoration (T&AVR) TD 1967–1999
See below Efficiency Medal
Ribbon - Efficiency Decoration (South Africa)   Territorial Force Efficiency Medal 1908 1908–1921
Ribbon - Efficiency Medal (South Africa)   Territorial Efficiency Medal 1921 1921–1930
Ribbon - Efficiency Medal (South Africa)   Efficiency Medal 1930–1999
Army Emergency Reserve Efficienct Medal   Army Emergency Reserve Efficiency Medal 1956 1953–1976
Ribbon - Efficiency Medal (T%26AVR)   Efficiency Medal (Territorial & Volunteer Reserve) 1930–1999
Ribbon - Volunteer Long Service Medal HAC   Efficiency Medal (HAC) 1930–1999
The Special Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Special Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 1908 1908–1930
Royal Naval Reserve Decoration Decoration for Officers of the Royal Naval Reserve RD 1908–1999
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Decoration Decoration for Officers of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve VRD
Royal Naval Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal Naval Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Naval Auxiliary Sick Berth Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal Naval Auxiliary Sick Berth Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Fleet Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal Fleet Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal Naval Wireless Auxiliary Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
The Royal Naval Auxiliary Service Long Service Medal Royal Naval Auxiliary Service Long Service Medal
Ribbon - Air Efficiency Award Air Efficiency Award AE 1942–1999 Only award to officers entitles use of postnominal.
See below Volunteer Reserves Service Medal
Volunteer Reserves Service Medal   Volunteer Reserves Service Medal VR 1999 – present
Ribbon - Volunteer Long Service Medal HAC   Volunteer Reserves Service Medal (HAC) VR 1999 – present
Ulster Defence Regiment Medal Ulster Defence Regiment Medal UD Only award to officers entitles use of postnominal.
Northern Ireland Home Service Medal Northern Ireland Home Service Medal
Marksmanship
Ribbon - Queen%27s Medal for Champion Shots Navy Queen's Medal for Champion Shots of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines 1966 1966–
Ribbon - Queen%27s Medal for Champion Shots Navy Queen's Medal for Champion Shots of the New Zealand Naval Forces 1958 1955–
Ribbon - Queen%27s Medal for Champion Shots Queen's Medal for Champion Shots in the Military Forces 1869 1870–82
1923–
Ribbon - Queen%27s Medal for Champion Shots Air Queen's Medal for Champion Shots of the Air Forces 1953 1953–
Part Time Forces Long Service (resumed)
Cadet Forces Medal ribbon Cadet Forces Medal February 1950 1950 – present
Coast Guard Auxiliary Long Service Coastguard Auxiliary Service Long Service Medal
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal Special Constabulary Long Service Medal
CD-ribbon Canadian Forces Decoration CD 1949 – present
Royal Observer Corps Medal ribbon Royal Observer Corps Medal 1950 1941–1995
Civil Defence Long Service Medal Civil Defence Long Service Medal
Ambulance Service (Emergency Duties) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Ambulance Service (Emergency Duties) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service Ribbon Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service Medal
Voluntary Service Medals
Women%27s Royal Voluntary Service Medal Women's Royal Voluntary Service Medal 1961 1961–
Ribbon - South African Medal for War Services South African Medal for War Services 1945 1939–1946

National independence medals

Emblem Description Estab. Eligibility Period Remarks
Rhodesia Medal Ribbon Rhodesia Medal 1980 1 December 1979 – 20 March 1980[29]
Union of South Africa Commemoration Medal (ribbon) Union of South Africa Commemoration Medal 1910
Indian Independence medal 1947 Indian Independence Medal 1947
PakistanIndependenceMedalRibbon Pakistan Medal
Armed Services Inauguration Medal (Ceylon) ribbon Ceylon Armed Services Inauguration Medal 1955 1949–51
Sierra leone independence medal Sierra Leone Independence Medal 1961
Independence Medal (Jamaica) ribbon Jamaica Independence Medal
Nigeria Independence Medal ribbon Nigerian Independence Medal 1960
Uganda independence medal Uganda Independence Medal 1962
Malawi independence medal Malawi Independence Medal 1964
Independence Medal (Fiji) ribbon Fiji Independence Medal 1970
PNG Independence Medal Papua New Guinea Independence Medal
Solomon islands indendence medal Solomon Islands Independence Medal 1978

Foreign and international

International campaign medals

Worn with other United Kingdom campaign medals in order of date of issue (except where noted otherwise).

Emblem Description Eligibility Period Remarks
United Nations Service Medal Korea ribbon United Nations Service Medal for Korea 27 June 1950 – 27 July 1955 Established 12 December 1950
ONUC Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for ONUC 10 July 1960 – 30 June 1964[30]
UNFICYP United Nations Service Medal for UNFICYP 27 March 1964 – present[30]
UNTAG United Nations Service Medal for UNTAG 1 April 1989 – 31 March 1990[30]
UNSSM Medal bar United Nations Special Service Medal 1989–1990[31]
3 Jul 1992 – 12 January 1996[31]
Apr 1991 – present[31]
For: Peshawar UNOCHA[31]
Sarajevo Airlift[31]
Iraq UNSCOM[31]
ONZ Medal w S%C5%82u%C5%BCbie Pokoju UNIKOM BAR United Nations Service Medal for UNIKOM 1 April 1991 – 6 October 2003[30]
UN Medal MINURSO ribbon bar United Nations Service Medal for MINURSO 1 April 1991 – present[30]
ECMM Medal YUG ribbon bar European Community Monitor Mission Medal 25 July 1991 – 30 June 1992[32] For service in the Former Yugoslavia.[32]
UNAMIC Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNAMIC 1 October 1991 – 31 March 1992[30]
UNPROFOR Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNPROFOR 1 March 1992 – 31 December 1995[30]
UNTAC Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNTAC 1 April 1992 – 30 September 1993[30]
NATO Medal Yugoslavia ribbon bar NATO Former Republic of Yugoslavia Medal 1 July 1992 – 31 December 2002[33] Issued with clasp Former Yugoslavia.[33]
Western European Union Mission Service Medal Ribbon 100px Western European Union Mission Service Medal 1 July 1992 – 31 December 1996[32] For Service in the Former Yugoslavia.[32]
UNOMIG Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNOMIG 23 August 1993 – present[30]
UNAMIR Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNAMIR 1 October 1993 – 31 March 1996[30]
UNAVEM Medal ribbon United Nations Service Medal for UNAVEM III 1 February 1995 – 1 June 1997[30]
UNTAES Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNTAES Jan 1996 – Jan 1998[30]
UNOMSIL Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNOMSIL 1 June 1998 – 30 September 1999[30]
NATO Medal w S%C5%82u%C5%BCbie Pokoju i Wolno%C5%9Bci BAR NATO Kosovo Medal 13 October 1998 – 31 December 2002[33] Issued with clasp Kosovo.[33]
UNAMET Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNAMET 7 June 1999 – 24 October 1999[30]
UNMIK Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNMIK 10 June 1999 – present[30]
UNOMSIL Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNAMSIL 1 October 1999 – present[30]
UNAMET Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNTAET 25 October 1999 – present[30]
MONUC Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for MONUC 30 November 1999 – present[30]
UNMEE Medal bar United Nations Service Medal for UNMEE 15 September 2000 – present[30]
NATO Medal Macedonia ribbon bar NATO Macedonia Medal 1 June 2001 – 31 December 2002[33]
NATO Medal Non-Article 5 - Operations in the Balkans NATO Non-Article 5 Medal for the Balkans 1 January 2003 – 20 December 2004[33]
1 Jan 2003 – present[33]
1 Jan 2003 – 31 March 2003[33]
Issued with clasp Non Article 5 for: Balkans[33]
Kosovo[33]
Macedonia[33]
ESDP Medal ALTHEA ribbon bar European Security and Defence Policy Service Medal – Op Althea 2 Dec 2004 – present[32] Issued with clasp Althea.[32]
NATO Medal OUP-LIBYA-LIBYE ribbon bar NATO Non-Article 5 Medal for Operation Unified Protector 23 Mar 2011 – 31 Oct 2011[33] Issued with clasp OUP-LIBYA/LIBYE.[33]
CSDP Medal EUFOR RCA ribbon bar Common Security and Defence Policy Service Medal – EUFOR RCA 30 June 2014 – 30 May 2015[32] Issued with clasp EUFOR RCA.[32]
MFO Medal ribbon Multinational Force and Observers Medal March 2016 - June 2016 Issued in 2017 to troops of 9 Parachute Squadron Royal Engineers.[34]

Commonwealth orders

Worn after all United Kingdom awards (including international awards treated as United Kingdom awards). Honorary awards are worn before substantive awards.

Commonwealth decorations

Worn after all Commonwealth orders.

Commonwealth campaign and commemorative medals

Worn after all Commonwealth decorations.

Emblem Description Established Eligibility Period Remarks
Brunei General Service Medal Brunei General Service Medal 12 August 1966 – present[35] Sultanate of Brunei. Seconded forces only.[35]
MYS Federation Active Service Medal Malaya Active Service Medal 31 August 1957 – 15 September 1963[35] Malaysia. Seconded forces only.[35]
Pingat Jasa Malaysia ribbon Pingat Jasa Malaysia Malaysia 2004 31 August 1957 – 31 December 1966 Permission to wear as at 6 Nov 11.
Kenya Campaign Medal Kenya Campaign Medal 12 December 1963 – 30 November 1967[35] Kenya. Seconded forces only.[35]
Oman Campaign Medal 1959 Campaign Medal 1959[36][37] 23 May 1965 – 30 September 1976[35] Oman. Seconded forces only. Referred to in JSP761 as Muscat/Oman Dhofar Campaign Medal.[35]
Malaysia General Service Medal 1971 Malaysia General Service Medal 11 August 1966 – 31 December 1989[35] Malaysia. Seconded forces only.[35]
Ribbon - Unitas Medal Unitas Medal 1 June 1994 – 26 April 2003[35] Republic of South Africa. BMATT personnel only.[35]
INTERFET Medal ribbon International Force East Timor Medal 25 March 2000[38] 16 September 1999 – 10 April 2000[35] Australia[35]
Malta George Cross Fiftieth Anniversary Medal Ribbon Malta George Cross Fiftieth Anniversary Medal 1992[39] 10 June 1940 – 8 September 1943[39] Malta. Not able to be worn whilst in Crown Service[40]

Foreign orders

Worn after all Commonwealth awards.

Emblem Description Established Eligibility Period Remarks
alt Imperial Order of the Crescent 1799 1799–1801 Ottoman Empire. Knight First Class and Knight Second Class. Awarded to senior British officers during the Napoleonic wars.[14]
Legion Honneur Chevalier ribbon Chevalier Légion d'Honneur 19 May 1802 1914–1918
1944
France. Awarded to surviving United Kingdom citizens who participated on French soil in the Great War (1914–18),[41] or in the French liberation campaigns (1944).[42]

Foreign decorations

Worn after all foreign orders.

Foreign campaign and commemorative medals

Worn after all foreign decorations.

Emblem Description Established Eligibility Period Remarks
Turkish Crimea Medal Ribbon Turkish Crimea Medal 21 February 1856[43] 1854–1856[44] Ottoman Empire
Khedives Star Khedive's Star 1882–1891 Khedivate of Egypt. Bronze star. Issued to all who were awarded the Egypt Medal.
Khedives Sudan Medal 1897 Khedive's Sudan Medal (1897) 1896–1899 Khedivate of Egypt.
Khedives Sudan Medal 1910 Khedive's Sudan Medal (1910) 1910 Khedivate of Egypt.
General Service Medal (Oman) General Service Medal 1963[36][37] 23 May 1965 – 30 June 1976[35] Sultanate of Oman. Issued with clasp Dhofar where applicable. Seconded forces only.[35]
Accession Medal (Oman) The Accession Medal 1970[36][37] 23 July 1970[35] Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[35]
Peace Medal (Oman) The Peace Medal 1979[37] 1 July 1976 – 17 November 1985[35] Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[35]
Endurance Medal (Al-Sumood) (Oman) Endurance Medal (Al-Sumood) 1976[36][37] 23 May 1965 – 2 December 1975[35] Seconded forces only. Referred to in JSP761 as the 'Muscat Victory Medal (As Sumood)'.[35]
40 years of victory rib Medal for the 40th Anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1985[45] 1941–1945 USSR. For Arctic convoy service. Also known as the Russian Convoy Medal 1941–1945 40th Anniversary Medal.[46]
Oman 30th Renaissance Medal 30th Renaissance Medal 2000[37] 18 November 2000[35] Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[35]
Oman 35th Renaissance Medal 35th Renaissance Medal 2005[37] 18 November 2005[29] Sultanate of Oman. Seconded forces only.[29]

Decorations and medals authorised for acceptance but not for official wear

Official permission has been granted for this medal to be accepted, but it is not authorised for wear.[33]

Emblem Description Eligibility Period Remarks
NATO Meritorious Service Medal bar NATO Meritorious Service Medal 2003 – present[33] Issued with clasp Meritorious.[33]

Campaign medals authorised for acceptance but not for official wear

Official permission has been granted for these medals to be accepted, but they are not authorised for wear.[32][33]

Emblem Description Eligibility Period Remarks
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) ribbon Kuwait Liberation Medal 17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991 Saudi Arabia Established 1991
Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) ribbon Kuwait Liberation Medal 2 August 1990 – 31 August 1993 Kuwait Established 1994
NATO Medal ribbon (Article 5) NATO Article 5 Medal for Service on Op ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR 26 October 2001 – present[33] Issued with clasp Article 5.[33]
NATO Medal Eagle Assist ribbon bar NATO Article 5 Medal for Service on Op EAGLE ASSIST 16 May 2002 – present[33] Issued with clasp Article 5.[33]
ESDP Medal ARTEMIS ribbon bar European Security and Defence Policy Service Medal – Op Artemis 14 June 2003 – 10 December 2003[32] Issued with clasp Artemis for service in the Congo.[32]
ESDP Medal EU NAVFOR ATALANTA ribbon bar Common Security and Defence Policy Service Medal – Op Atalanta 8 December 2008 – present[32] Issued with clasp EUNAVFOR ATALANTA for service in counter-piracy operations.[32]

Campaign medals not authorised for acceptance or official wear

Official permission has been refused for these medals to be accepted and they are not authorised for wear.[33]

Emblem Description Eligibility Period Remarks
NATO Medal PAKISTAN ribbon bar NATO Non-Article 5 Medal for Pakistan Earthquake Service 8 October 2005 – 1 February 2006[33] Issued with clasp Pakistan.[33]
NATO Medal ribbon (Non-Article 5) NATO Non-Article 5 Medal for Service with ISAF 1 June 2003 – present[33][47] Issued with clasp ISAF.[33]
NATO Medal NTM-IRAQ ribbon bar NATO Non-Article 5 Medal for NATO Training Mission (Iraq) 18 August 2004 – present[33] Issued with clasp NTM-Iraq.[33]
NATO Medal AMIS ribbon bar NATO Non-Article 5 Medal for AMIS 13 July 2005 – present[33] Issued with clasp AMIS.[33]

Devices

Emblem Description Remarks
Image of silver rosette used on ribbon bars
Rosette Represents the award of a bar to a decoration, or service in a specified zone of the area of operations when used on a campaign medal. They are worn when the ribbon only is worn. For selected campaign medals, they are also worn on the riband of the campaign medal (when worn with full or miniature medals) to indicate service in a specified zone.
Image of silver oak leaves used on ribbon bars
Crossed silver oakleaves From 14 January 1958, any individual made a member of the Order of the British Empire for gallantry (in the grades of Commander, Officer, Member), or awarded the British Empire Medal for gallantry, could wear an emblem of two crossed silver oak leaves on the same riband, ribbon or bow as the badge.[48]
Medal bar A bar is worn on the riband of a decoration (when worn with full or miniature medals) to denote each additional award of the decoration. Bars are positioned with even spacing between the top and the bottom of the ribbon.
Medal clasp Worn on the riband of campaign medals (when worn with full or miniature medals) to denote the particular campaign, battle, or region the recipient operated in to receive the award. Clasps are positioned at the bottom of the ribbon with successive clasps placed adjacent to each other (with a small gap). The earliest earned clasp is positioned at the bottom whilst the most recent is placed at the top.

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 12, Annex A, 'London Gazette Guidance on the Order of Wear'
  2. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 5.
  3. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 3.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "No. 20737". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 May 1847. pp. 1947–1957., Subjoined Statutes of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Duckers, Peter, British Orders and Decorations, pp. 21–24.
  6. ^ a b Martin, Stanley, The Order of Merit, p. 31.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "No. 30250". The London Gazette (2nd supplement). 24 August 1917. pp. 7791–7999., Statutes of the Order of the British Empire.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Duckers, Peter, British Orders and Decorations, pp. 30–32.
  9. ^ a b London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 2.
  10. ^ "No. 25650". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 November 1886. pp. 5975–5976., DSO Awards for the Battle of Ginnis and Third Anglo-Burmese War
  11. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 4.
  12. ^ London Gazette, "Dates for the Introduction of Medals", p. 1.
  13. ^ Royal Warrant for the Burma Gallantry Medal, London Gazette, 4 September 1945, date accessed 6 April 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Steward, W. Augustus (1915). War Medals and Their History (Google Book). London: Stanley Paul and Company. pp. 9–17. ISBN 978-1-4086-9712-2. OCLC 459070961. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  15. ^ Steward, W. Augustus (1915). War Medals and Their History (Google Book). London: Stanley Paul and Company. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-1-4086-9712-2. OCLC 459070961. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  16. ^ Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. p. 101. Published Spink, London. 1988.
  17. ^ Gwailor Campaign Star (Maharajpoor), The Fitzwilliam Museum, accessed 3 January 2011.
  18. ^ Royal Warrant – New Zealand War Service Medal (accessed 6 June 2010)
  19. ^ Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 3, 'General Service Medal 1962'
  20. ^ a b c d e f Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 1, 'Medals for Individual Campaigns or Operations'
  21. ^ Medals: campaigns, descriptions and eligibility, UK Government
  22. ^ a b c d e f g Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 2, 'Operational Service Medal'
  23. ^ "The Ebola Medal for Service in West Africa" (PDF). gov.uk. HMSO. June 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  24. ^ "Ebola medal for over 3000 heroes". gov.uk. HM Government. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  25. ^ "Defence Secretary awards new medal to 46 troops". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). 12 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  26. ^ Channon, Max (11 June 2016). "Armed Forces personnel from Plymouth among first to receive new medals". Plymouth Herald. Plymouth Herald. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  27. ^ Howard N Cole. Coronation and Royal Commemorative Medals. p. 1, ribbon chart. Published J. B. Hayward & Son, London. 1977.
  28. ^ http://www.remuseum.org.uk/articles/medal_Aug07.pdf
  29. ^ a b c Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 12, Annex B, 'Wearing of Orders, Decorations and Medals by Service Personnel'
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 4, 'United Nations'
  31. ^ a b c d e f Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 5, 'United Nations Special Service Medal'
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 9, 'European and Other International'
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 6, 'NATO'
  34. ^ Cornwell, Richard. "Woodbridge soldiers receive medals for role in peacekeeping project". Ipswich Star. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Ministry of Defence, JSP761, Chapter 8, Annex A, para 8, 'Foreign and Commonwealth'
  36. ^ a b c d "Arab Medals – Oman". gmic.co.uk. Gentlemen's Military Interest Club. 6 February 2007. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g Barrio, Antonio Prieto. "Ribbon Collection – Oman" (gif). Colecciones Militares (in English and Arabic).
  38. ^ Commonwealth of Australia Gazette S159 International Forces East Timor Medal Letters Patent and Regulations (PDF). Canberra: AusInfo. 30 March 2000. ISBN 978-0-642-43441-8. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  39. ^ a b Rooker, R.J. "152 Hyderabad F Squadron Battle Honours and Medals". [1]. Retrieved 15 June 2010. External link in |work= (help)
  40. ^ "No. 52894". The London Gazette. 15 April 1992. p. 6728.
  41. ^ "The London Gazette: 15 October 1998. Issue: 55282. Notice ID:L-55282-24SI".
  42. ^ "MOD press release: 25 July 2014. Legion d'Honneur awarded to surviving veterans of 1944 French campaigns".
  43. ^ Hayward, John. "Numismatic Notes Part 7: After the War was Over – Turkish Crimea Medal 1856–1862". [2]. London: Spink. Retrieved 15 June 2010. External link in |work= (help) Date based on offer to British forces by the Sultan of Turkey.
  44. ^ Duckers, Peter, British Campaign Medals 1815–1914, p. 17.
  45. ^ "No. 53538". The London Gazette. 4 January 1994. pp. 1–2.
  46. ^ "The Russian Convoy Medal". veterans-uk.info. London: Service Personnel and Veterans Agency. Archived from the original on 13 January 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
  47. ^ NATO Medals (accessed 6 June 2010)
  48. ^ "No. 41285". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 January 1958. p. 365.

Bibliography

External links

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