Mikhail Efimovich Krichevsky (Ukrainian: Михайло Юхимович Кричевський, Russian: Михаил Ефимович Кричевский; 25 February 1897, Karlovka, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire – 26 December 2008, Donetsk, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine) was a Jewish-Ukrainian supercentenarian and the last surviving World War I veteran who fought for the Russian Empire. Krichevsky was mobilized into the Imperial Russian Army in 1917 and was sent to the Southwestern Front, after graduating from the Kiev Military Engineering School as an engineer-praporshchik. After the October Revolution he returned home, where he settled and lived in Donetsk and died in 2008 at 111 years old. He was the longest living WWI veteran.
Mikhail Efimovich Krichevsky
|Born||25 February 1897|
Karlovka, Konstantinograd uyezd, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||26 December 2008|
(aged 111 years, 305 days)
|Service/||Imperial Russian Army|
|Years of service||1917|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1897th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 897th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1897, the Gregorian calendar was
12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.Deaths in December 2008
The following is a list of notable deaths in December 2008.
Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:
Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.Donetsk
Donetsk (Ukrainian: Донецьк [dɔˈnɛtsʲk]; Russian: Доне́цк [dɐˈnʲɛtsk]; former names: Aleksandrovka, Hughesovka, Yuzovka, Stalino (see also: cities' alternative names)) is an industrial city in Ukraine on the Kalmius River. The population was estimated at 929,063 (2016 est.) in the city, and over 2,000,000 in the metropolitan area (2011). According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, Donetsk was the fifth-largest city in Ukraine.Administratively, it has been the centre of Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the unofficial capital and largest city of the larger economic and cultural Donets Basin (Donbass) region. Donetsk is adjacent to another major city of Makiivka and along with other surrounding cities forms a major urban sprawl and conurbation in the region. Donetsk has been a major economic, industrial and scientific centre of Ukraine with a high concentration of companies and a skilled workforce.
The original settlement in the south of the European part of the Russian Empire was first mentioned as Aleksandrovka in 1779, under the Russian Empress Catherine the Great. In 1869, Welsh businessman, John Hughes, built a steel plant and several coal mines in the region; the town was named Yuzovka (Юзовка) in recognition of his role ("Yuz" being a Russian-language approximation of Hughes). During Soviet times, the city's steel industry was expanded. In 1924, it was renamed Stalino, and in 1932 the city became the centre of the Donetsk region. Renamed Donetsk in 1961, the city today remains the centre for coal mining and steel industry.
Since April 2014, Donetsk and its surrounding areas have been one of the major sites of fighting in the ongoing Donbass War, as pro-Russian separatist forces have battled against Ukrainian military forces for control of the city and surrounding areas. Through the majority of the course of this war, the city of Donetsk has been administered by the pro-Russian separatist forces, with outlying territories of the Donetsk region being divided between the two sides.On June 27, 2014, the unrecognized nation of South Ossetia officially recognized the Donetsk People's Republic's independence from Ukraine.As of May 8, 2018, the Donetsk People's Republic has full control of the city, with Ukrainian and DPR forces still engaging in combat outside of the city.Imperial Russian Army
The Imperial Russian Army (Russian: Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия, tr. Rússkaya imperátorskaya ármiya) was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917. In the early 1850s, the Russian army consisted of more than 900,000 regular soldiers and nearly 250,000 irregulars (mostly Cossacks).
The last living veteran of the Russian Imperial Army was Ukrainian supercentenarian Mikhail Krichevsky, who died in 2008.Krichevsky
Krichevsky Krithcevsky, or Krychevsky (Russian: Кричевский, Ukrainian: Кричевський) is a Russian and Ukrainian surname. Feminine forms include Krichevskaya and Krychevskaya.
The surname may refer to:
David Kritchevsky (1920-2006), American biochemist of Ukrainian-Jewish descent
Fedir Krychevsky (1879–1947), Ukrainian early modernist painter, brother of graphic designer Vasyl Krychevsky
Mikhail Krichevsky (1897–2008), Ukraine's last surviving World War I veteran
Mykhailo Krychevsky or Stanisław Krzyczewski or Krzeczowski (died 3 August 1649), Polish noble, military officer and Cossack commander
Vasyl Krychevsky (1873–1952), Ukrainian painter, architect, art scholar, graphic artist, and master of applied art and decorative art, brother of Ukrainian painter Fedir KrychevskyList of last World War I veterans by country
This is a list of the last World War I veterans to die by country. The last living veteran of World War I (28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918) was Florence Green, a British citizen who served in the Allied armed forces, and who died 4 February 2012, aged 110. The last combat veteran was Claude Choules who served in the British Royal Navy (and later the Royal Australian Navy) and died 5 May 2011, aged 110. The last veteran who served in the trenches was Harry Patch (British Army) who died on 25 July 2009, aged 111. The last Central Powers veteran, Franz Künstler of Austria-Hungary, died on 27 May 2008 at the age of 107.
The total number of participating personnel is estimated by the Encyclopædia Britannica at 65,038,810. There were approximately 9,750,103 military deaths during the conflict.
Veterans, for this purpose, are defined as people who were members of the armed forces of one of the combatant nations up to and including the date of the Armistice. This policy may vary from the policy in actual use in some countries.