Michael Edward Shanahan (born August 24, 1952) is an American football coach, who was the head coach for the Los Angeles Raiders, Denver Broncos, and Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL) for a total of 20 seasons. During his 14 seasons with the Broncos, he led the team to consecutive Super Bowl victories in XXXII and XXXIII, which were the franchise's first two NFL titles.
Shanahan at 2011 Redskins training camp
|Born:||August 24, 1952|
Oak Park, Illinois
|High school:||Franklin Park (IL) East Leyden|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Head coaching record|
|Regular season:||170–138 (.552)|
|Coaching stats at PFR|
Shanahan played high school football at East Leyden High School, Franklin Park, Illinois, where he played wishbone quarterback for legendary Eagles coach Jack Leese's 1968 and 1969 teams. Shanahan held the single-game rushing record of 260 yards on 15 carries (which was set in a 32–8 win over Hinsdale South on September 20, 1969) until it was broken in 1976 by Dennis Cascio. He graduated from high school in June 1970.
He was a quarterback at Eastern Illinois University, where he joined Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity. In 1972, a piercingly hard hit on the practice field ruptured one of his kidneys, which caused his heart to stop for thirty seconds and nearly killed him. A priest was summoned to administer the last rites to Shanahan, a devout Roman Catholic.
With his playing career abruptly ended, Shanahan entered coaching. After graduation, he served as an assistant coach at Northern Arizona University and the University of Oklahoma. He then returned to his alma mater as offensive coordinator and helped his school win the Division II football championship. Shanahan worked as the offensive coordinator for the University of Minnesota for a single season, before accepting the same position at the University of Florida under head coach Charley Pell in 1980. Shanahan stayed with the Gators through 1983.
Shanahan first served as a receivers coach and later offensive coordinator for the Broncos under Dan Reeves in the 1980s. It was his skill as an offensive mind that garnered Shanahan the attention of maverick Los Angeles Raiders owner Al Davis. After Shanahan and the Raiders parted ways in 1989, Shanahan returned to the Broncos as an assistant. He was fired several years later by Reeves after finding himself in the middle of a growing feud between Reeves and quarterback John Elway.
Shanahan was hired by the Raiders in 1988 to replace longtime Raiders coach Tom Flores. He was the Raiders' first head coach hired from outside the organization since Davis himself 23 years earlier. Shanahan (who proved very unpopular with the players) and the micromanaging Davis clashed almost immediately, and this was only exacerbated after the Raiders finished a disappointing 7–9, losing four of their last five games. Tensions increased towards the end of the season when wide receivers coach and Shanahan loyalist Nick Nicolau got into a heated argument with assistant coach Art Shell (a Davis loyalist) in which Nicolau reportedly accused Shell of only having a job by virtue of his friendship with Davis. When Shell went to Davis later to ask if this was true, Davis' response was to immediately fire Nicolau. Shanahan responded by firing running backs coach Joe Scannella and offensive coordinator Tom Walsh (both Davis hires), but Davis ordered them both back to work. At the end of the season, Shanahan fired defensive assistants Willie Brown and Charlie Sumner. An enraged Davis re-hired Brown to a different position in the organization. When the Raiders began 1–3 in 1989, Shanahan himself was fired and replaced by Shell. Shanahan's final Raiders record was 8–12 in less than two seasons, going 2–7 after a 6–5 start.
In 1992, Shanahan was hired as offensive coordinator for the San Francisco 49ers under Head Coach George Seifert, capping his rise with a victory in Super Bowl XXIX after the 1994 season. His years under Seifert placed him in the Bill Walsh coaching tree. In 1994 while coaching for the 49ers,
Shanahan added to the ongoing feud between him and Raiders owner Al Davis when he had then QB Elvis Grbac throw a football at Davis' head, which missed by a few inches as Davis was able to dodge it just in time, afterwards Davis responded with an obscene gesture.
Shanahan's success with the 49ers earned him a head coaching spot once more, this time back in Denver with the Broncos beginning in 1995. He led the Broncos to back-to-back Super Bowl championships in the 1997 and 1998 seasons, during which time the Broncos set a then-record for victories in two seasons.
Between 1996–1998, the Broncos set the NFL record for victories by going 46–10 over a three-year span. The 1998 Broncos won their first 13 games on their way to a 14–2 mark. Shanahan, taking his cue from West Coast offense guru Bill Walsh, was well known for scripting the first 15 offensive plays of the game, and helped the 1998 Broncos set an NFL record for first quarter points scored in a season. In 2005, he passed Dan Reeves as the winningest coach in franchise history.
Shanahan is known for a run-heavy variation of the West Coast offense he coached in San Francisco. He has often found unheralded running backs from later rounds of the annual NFL Draft and then turned them into league-leading rushers behind small-but-powerful offensive lines. Examples of this phenomenon are Terrell Davis, Mike Anderson, Olandis Gary, Clinton Portis, Reuben Droughns and Tatum Bell, all of whom have had at least one 1,000-yard season in a Denver uniform during Shanahan's tenure.
In 1999, with the assistance of writer Adam Schefter, Shanahan penned Think Like a Champion, a motivational book about leadership. It was published by Harper Collins. In 2006, he cooperated with Stefan Fatsis's endeavor to spend a year as a Broncos place-kicker, and much of the resulting book A Few Seconds of Panic (2008) covers Shanahan's coaching from the player's point of view.
After Elway's retirement and Davis' career-ending injuries, Shanahan went seven years without a playoff win (including three seasons when the Broncos failed to qualify for the postseason), a drought which caused criticism from fans. The playoff drought ended during the 2005–06 postseason when the Broncos defeated the two-time defending Super Bowl champion New England Patriots in the AFC Divisional Round of the playoffs at Invesco Field at Mile High. The victory, however, would be Shanahan's last playoff win as a head coach.
Shanahan was fired after the 2008 NFL season following a collapse that caused the Broncos to miss the playoffs for a third consecutive year. Although the Broncos held an 8–5 record by Week 14 and would have won the AFC West with one more victory, the team lost their remaining three games and the 8–8 San Diego Chargers won the division on a tiebreaker.
In the early part of the 2009 season, it was reported that the Washington Redskins were interested in naming Shanahan their head coach, replacing Jim Zorn. Although this was reported by several media outlets, the Redskins' Vice President of Football Operations, Vinny Cerrato, stated that a coaching change would not be considered until the end of the season. On November 18, 2009 ESPN's Adam Schefter reported that the Buffalo Bills had contacted Shanahan about their head coaching vacancy after the team parted ways with former coach Dick Jauron.
On January 5, 2010, Shanahan was formally introduced as the Redskins' 24th full-time head coach. As part of the deal, he was also named vice president of football operations, with the final say on football matters. He was one of several coaches who also had the title or powers of general manager, along with New England's Bill Belichick and others. Shanahan was signed to a five-year, $35 million contract. Several months earlier, Bruce Allen was named the team's general manager. Shanahan and Allen split the duties held by a general manager, with Shanahan having the final say. This model is similar to how Belichick and Scott Pioli worked during their eight years in New England.
Shanahan had a combined 11–21 record in his first two seasons as Redskins coach, followed by a 3–6 start to the 2012 season, but ended the year with a seven-game winning streak on the way to the team's first NFC East title and home playoff game since the 1999 season. During this season Shanahan also continued his trend of developing unheralded draft picks into 1000-yard rushers, with the 6th-rounder Alfred Morris. The Redskins lost in the Wild Card round of the 2012 NFL Playoffs to the Seattle Seahawks by a score of 14–24, during which his quarterback Robert Griffin III sustained a tear of his LCL and a damaged ACL to his previously injured knee. Shanahan came under criticism for his handling of the injury, both in bringing Griffin back to play after the initial injury on Dec 9 and keeping him in the game against the Seahawks after reinjuring the knee. While there were reports in December 2012 that the Redskins were considering negotiating a contract extension with Shanahan in the 2013 offseason, this did not happen and there were later reports that Shanahan had considered resigning after the end of the year.
Griffin underwent reconstructive surgery of his knee on January 9 and returned as the starter for the beginning of the 2013–2014 season, though Shanahan held him out of the preseason to protect him from further injury. The team continued to struggle in 2013. With the final three games of the regular season, Shanahan decided to make Griffin inactive for the rest of the season because Shanahan thought it was best for both Griffin's and the Redskins' future.
Redskins owner Daniel Snyder fired Shanahan on December 30, 2013. The team finished 3–13 in the 2013 season, and was in last place in the NFC East division three of four seasons.
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|LAR||1988||7||9||0||.438||3rd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|LAR||1989||1||3||0||.250||3rd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|DEN||1995||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|DEN||1996||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Jacksonville Jaguars in AFC Divisional Game.|
|DEN||1997||12||4||0||.750||2nd in AFC West||4||0||1.000||Super Bowl XXXII Champions.|
|DEN||1998||14||2||0||.875||1st in AFC West||3||0||1.000||Super Bowl XXXIII Champions.|
|DEN||1999||6||10||0||.375||5th in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|DEN||2000||11||5||0||.688||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Baltimore Ravens in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|DEN||2001||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|DEN||2002||9||7||0||.563||2nd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|DEN||2003||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Indianapolis Colts in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|DEN||2004||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC West||0||1||.000||Lost to Indianapolis Colts in AFC Wild-Card Game.|
|DEN||2005||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC West||1||1||.500||Lost to Pittsburgh Steelers in AFC Championship Game.|
|DEN||2006||9||7||0||.563||3rd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|DEN||2007||7||9||0||.438||2nd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|DEN||2008||8||8||0||.500||2nd in AFC West||–||–||–||–|
|WAS||2010||6||10||0||.375||4th in NFC East||–||–||–||–|
|WAS||2011||5||11||0||.313||4th in NFC East||–||–||–||–|
|WAS||2012||10||6||0||.625||1st in NFC East||0||1||.000||Lost to Seattle Seahawks in NFC Wild-Card Game|
|WAS||2013||3||13||0||.188||4th in NFC East||–||–||–||–|
NFL head coaches under whom Mike Shanahan has served:
Assistant coaches under Mike Shanahan who became NFL head coaches:
Assistant coaches under Mike Shanahan who became NCAA head coaches:
Shanahan is a Roman Catholic. He and his wife, Peggy, have two children — a son, Kyle, the current San Francisco 49ers’ head coach, and a daughter, Krystal. Shanahan is also a Brother in the Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity.
| Denver Broncos Offensive Coordinator
| Denver Broncos Offensive Coordinator
| San Francisco 49ers Offensive Coordinator
|Awards and achievements|
The 1988 Los Angeles Raiders season was the franchise's 29th season overall, and the franchise's 19th season in the National Football League. Mike Shanahan was hired as head coach, and the club finished with a 7–9 record. The Raiders drafted Heisman Trophy winner Tim Brown, making Brown the third person on the Raiders roster to have won the Heisman Trophy, the others being Marcus Allen and Bo Jackson. Most of the team's success throughout the season came through their division, as the Raiders finished 6-2 against the weak AFC West division, with their only 2 losses against the champions of the division, the Seattle Seahawks. However, the Raiders were only 1-7 against the rest of the NFL, with their only other win coming against the eventual champions, the 49ers in San Francisco in a game in which only field goals were kicked.1989 Los Angeles Raiders season
The 1989 Los Angeles Raiders season was the franchise's 30th season overall, and the franchise's 20th season in the National Football League. Art Shell replaced Mike Shanahan, and in the process became the first black head coach in the NFL since Fritz Pollard coached the Akron Pros in 1921. The club finished with an 8–8 record. In preseason against the Houston Oilers, the Raiders played their first game in Oakland since moving to Los Angeles in 1982, before eventually moving back to Oakland in 1995.1995 Denver Broncos season
The 1995 Denver Broncos season was the franchise's 26th season in the National Football League, and the 36th overall. The season would be noted as a turning point for the franchise, as being the first year that Mike Shanahan would be head coach, and that would include the drafting of future 2,000 yard rusher and Super Bowl MVP Terrell Davis.1999 Denver Broncos season
The 1999 Denver Broncos season was the franchise's 30th season in the National Football League, and the 40th overall. After winning its second consecutive Super Bowl with a win over the Atlanta Falcons in Super Bowl XXXIII in Miami, the team suffered the retirement of Super Bowl XXXIII MVP quarterback John Elway during the off-season. Elway had spent his entire career with the Denver Broncos, and much of the focus in the weeks leading up to the season centered on the void left by Elway's departure. Head Coach Mike Shanahan announced that third-round 1998 draft pick Brian Griese, son of Miami Dolphins Quarterback Bob Griese, would take the reins of the offense, passing over veteran and credible back-up QB Bubby Brister.
In the preseason, the Broncos played in the first and so far only NFL game held in Australia. On August 7, 1999, before a crowd of 73,811 spectators at Stadium Australia in Sydney, the Broncos defeated the San Diego Chargers 20–17.Although no one expected a serious defense of their title, the Broncos would stumble out of the gate this season, losing the first four regular season games. Many of the games would be decided in the final two minutes of play, but the Broncos found themselves on the losing end at 6–10. It was their first losing season since 1994, the worst season since 1990 and the worst record of the five-team AFC West. This was the worst-ever season for a team defending their Super Bowl title in a non-strike season. Only the 1982 49ers had a lower winning percentage as they failed to defend their first Super Bowl championship.The Broncos and the Falcons combined for an 11-21 record in 1999. This is, as of 2018, the worst combined record for both defending conference and/or Super Bowl champions in the season following a Super Bowl appearance. The 11-21 mark was matched by the Bucs and Raiders four years later, one season removed from Super Bowl XXXVII.
Statistics site Football Outsiders calculates that the Broncos went from the league's 28th (third-easiest) schedule in 1998, to the hardest schedule in 1999.:
Before 2011, the worst one-year increase in strength of schedule belonged to the 1999 Broncos. Denver had ridden the third-easiest schedule (in a 30-team league) to a Lombardi Trophy in 1998, only to fall apart the next season under the weight of John Elway's retirement, Terrell Davis'[s] Week 4 injury, and – oh, by the way – the toughest schedule in the league.
This was the largest single-season change in Football Outsiders' rankings until the 2011 St. Louis Rams.
Week 4 saw star running back Terrell Davis, who was last year's league MVP, hurt his knee and was placed on injured reserve for the remainder of the season.2004 Denver Broncos season
The 2004 Denver Broncos season was the team's 45th year in professional football and its 35th with the National Football League. Under head coach Mike Shanahan the Broncos equalled their 10–6 record from 2003, and again finished second in the AFC West. In a repeat of 2003, the Broncos’ season ended in defeat to the Indianapolis Colts 49–24 in the AFC Wild Card playoffs.
Starting quarterback Jake Plummer finished the season with 4,089 passing yards (4th in the league). During the offseason, the Broncos traded running back Clinton Portis to the Washington Redskins in exchange for cornerback Champ Bailey.2012 Senior Bowl
The 2012 Nike Senior Bowl was an all-star college football exhibition game featuring players from the 2011 college football season, and prospects for the 2012 Draft of the professional National Football League (NFL).
The game was played on January 28, 2012, at 3 pm CST (4 p.m. Eastern time) at Ladd–Peebles Stadium in Mobile, Alabama, between "North" and "South" teams. This year's Senior Bowl concluded the 2011-12 post-season as the NFLPA's Texas vs The Nation game, which would have been played the following week, was canceled. The coaching staff of the Minnesota Vikings, led by head coach Leslie Frazier, coached the North team. The coaching staff of the Washington Redskins, led by head coach Mike Shanahan, coached the South team.
Coverage of the event was provided in high-definition on the NFL Network.Denver Broncos
The Denver Broncos are a professional American football franchise based in Denver, Colorado. The Broncos compete as a member club of the National Football League (NFL)'s American Football Conference (AFC) West division. They began play in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL) and joined the NFL as part of the merger in 1970. The Broncos are owned by the Pat Bowlen trust and currently play home games at Broncos Stadium at Mile High (formerly known as Invesco Field at Mile High from 2001–2010 and Sports Authority Field at Mile High from 2011–2017). Prior to that, they played at Mile High Stadium from 1960 to 2000.
The Broncos were barely competitive during their 10-year run in the AFL and their first seven years in the NFL. They did not complete a winning season until 1973. In 1977, four years later, they qualified for the playoffs for the first time in franchise history and advanced to Super Bowl XII. Since 1975, the Broncos have become one of the NFL's most successful teams, having suffered only seven losing seasons. They have won eight AFC Championships (1977, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1997, 1998, 2013, 2015), and three Super Bowl championships (1997 (XXXII), 1998 (XXXIII), 2015 (50)), and share the NFL record for most Super Bowl losses (5 — tied with the New England Patriots). They have nine players in the Pro Football Hall of Fame: John Elway, Floyd Little, Shannon Sharpe, Gary Zimmerman, Willie Brown, Tony Dorsett, Terrell Davis, Brian Dawkins, Champ Bailey.Icing the kicker
In the sports of American football or Canadian football, the act of icing the kicker or freezing the kicker is a tactic employed by defending teams to disrupt the process of kicking a field goal just prior to the snap. Typically, either a player or a coach on the defending team will call a timeout just as the kicker is about to attempt a game-tying or game-winning field goal. This is intended to either stop the kick immediately as the kicker is mentally prepared, or allow for the kicker to kick immediately after the timeout so that the initial kick does not count, in an attempt to mentally disrupt the kicker for the actual kick. If the tactic is successful, the kicker will miss the kick due to choking. Should the kicker make the subsequent kick, then the attempt to ice the kicker is considered unsuccessful.
This tactic is also common in basketball, known as icing the shooter. A team may call a time out just before the opposing team's free-throw shooter is given the ball on the final free throw, in an attempt to disrupt the shooter, typically if a missed free throw allows for the calling team to either have a chance to win the game with a successful field goal, or allows the calling team to preserve a lead.
One variant of this tactic, attributed to former Denver Broncos coach Mike Shanahan, is to call time out from the sidelines just before the ball is snapped. This prevents the kicking team from realizing the kick will not count until after the play is over. However, this has the potential to backfire: the invalid first kick could miss or be blocked, only to be followed by a successful second kick.Kyle Shanahan
Kyle Michael Shanahan (born December 14, 1979) is an American football coach who is the current head coach of the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL). Previously, he served as the offensive coordinator of the Atlanta Falcons, whose offense led the league in points scored in 2016 and helped the team reach Super Bowl LI. In addition to the 49ers and Falcons, Shanahan has coached for the Houston Texans, Washington Redskins and Cleveland Browns. He is the son of former NFL head coach Mike Shanahan.List of Denver Broncos head coaches
The Denver Broncos are a professional American football franchise based in Denver, Colorado. They are members of the West Division of the American Football Conference (AFC) in the National Football League (NFL). The team began playing in 1960 as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL), and joined the NFL as part of the AFL-NFL merger. The team has played their home games at Sports Authority Field at Mile High since 2001. The Broncos are currently owned by Pat Bowlen.There have been 15 head coaches for the Broncos franchise. The franchise's first head coach was Frank Filchock, who coached until 1961. Mike Shanahan is the franchise's all-time leader for the most regular season games coached (208), the most regular season game wins (130), and the most playoff game wins (8). Shanahan and Dan Reeves, are tied for the most playoffs games coached (13). Shanahan was the first Broncos head coach to win a Super Bowl following the 1997 season, and repeated the feat following the 1998 season. The Broncos next Super Bowl victory was for Super Bowl 50 following the 2015 season under the leadership of coach Gary Kubiak who had previously played for Denver and served as an assistant coach. Jack Faulkner, John Ralston, Red Miller, and Reeves have been named the United Press International (UPI) NFL Coach of the Year, at least once with the Broncos. Filchock, Faulkner, Mac Speedie, Jerry Smith, Ralston, and Miller spent their entire coaching careers with the Broncos. Speedie, Ray Malavasi, Miller, Shanahan, and Kubiak have been assistant coaches with the Broncos before they became head coaches with the Broncos.List of Washington Redskins head coaches
This is a complete list of Washington Redskins head coaches. There have been 28 head coaches for the Washington Redskins, including coaches for the Boston Redskins (1933–1936) and Boston Braves (1932), of the National Football League (NFL). The Redskins franchise was founded as the Boston Braves, named after the local baseball franchise. The team changed their name to the Redskins in 1933 and moved to Washington, D.C. in 1937.Joe Gibbs is the only coach to have more than one tenure. Two different coaches have won NFL championships with the team: Ray Flaherty in 1937 and 1942, and Joe Gibbs in 1982, 1987 and 1991. Gibbs is the all-time leader in games coached and wins, and Dudley DeGroot leads all coaches in winning percentage with .737 (with at least one full season coached). Mike Nixon is statistically the worst coach the Redskins have had in terms of winning percentage, with .182.Of the 28 Redskins coaches, seven have been elected into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, including Ray Flaherty, Turk Edwards, Curly Lambeau, Otto Graham, Vince Lombardi, George Allen and Joe Gibbs. Several former players have been head coach for the Redskins, including Turk Edwards, Dick Todd, Jack Pardee and Richie Petitbon.
In addition, former players have become assistant coaches, such as Earnest Byner, Russ Grimm, and Keenan McCardell. On January 5, 2010 the Redskins hired former Denver Broncos and Oakland Raiders coach Mike Shanahan. Shanahan went 24–40 during four seasons in charge, before he was fired on December 30, 2013.Lorenzo Alexander
Lorenzo John Alexander (born May 31, 1983) is an American football linebacker for the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football for the University of California, and was signed as an undrafted free agent by the Carolina Panthers in 2005.
Alexander has also been a member of the Baltimore Ravens, Washington Redskins, Arizona Cardinals, and Oakland Raiders.Mike Shanahan (disambiguation)
Mike Shanahan (born 1952) is a former American football coach.
Mike Shanahan may also refer to:
Mike Shanahan (ice hockey) (1939–2018), investor and owner of the American hockey franchise, the St. Louis Blues
Mike Shanahan (tight end) (born 1989), American football tight end
Mike Shanahan (writer), British biologist and writer
Michael Shanahan (1943–2014), journalistMike Shanahan (ice hockey)
Michael Shanahan (October 29, 1939 – January 15, 2018) was an investor, and owner of the American professional hockey franchise, the St. Louis Blues of the National Hockey League (NHL) from 1986 through 1995.Mike Shanahan (tight end)
Michael Andrew Shanahan (born December 28, 1989) is an American football tight end who is currently a free agent. He was signed by the New York Jets as an undrafted free agent in 2013. He played college football at Pittsburgh.Mike Shanahan (writer)
Mike Shanahan is a British biologist and writer whose work focuses on rainforests, climate change, biodiversity and related issues. He studied at the University of Leeds, where he received a BSc in biology, MSc in biodiversity and conservation and PhD in rainforest ecology. Between 1997 and 1999, he undertook research in the rainforest of Lambir Hills National Park, in Sarawak, Borneo, and on an island volcano: Long Island, Papua New Guinea. His research focused on figs (Ficus species) and the animals that eat them.From 2001-2004, Shanahan worked for the Environmental Justice Foundation on projects related to pesticide poisoning in Cambodia, bear farming in Vietnam and the social and environmental impacts of shrimp farming throughout the tropics. From 2004-2007, he was news editor of SciDev.Net. In 2005, he and colleagues won the 'Best Science Writing on the World Wide Web' prize in the Association of British Science Writers Awards, for their coverage of the Indian Ocean tsunami. Shanahan has also written for Nature, The Economist, The Ecologist and Ensia.From 2006-2014, Shanahan was the International Institute for Environment and Development's press officer. He published research and guidance on media coverage of climate change, biodiversity and pastoralism. In 2007, Shanahan and colleagues at Internews' Earth Journalism Network and Panos London co-founded the Climate Change Media Partnership, which has enabled more than 170 journalists from developing countries to report on UN climate change negotiations.In September 2016, Unbound will publish Shanahan's book: Ladders to Heaven: How fig trees shaped our history, fed our imaginations and can enrich our future. In November 2016, Chelsea Green Publishing will publish the book in North American with a new title: Gods, Wasps, and Stranglers: The Secret History and Redemptive Future of Fig Trees. Shanahan illustrated Ladders to Heaven and Ross Piper's Extraordinary Animals.Missouri River Otters
Missouri River Otters were a minor league hockey team based in St. Charles, Missouri. They played in the United Hockey League from 1999 to 2006. They played their home games at the St. Charles Family Arena which opened in October 1999. Mike Shanahan Jr. was the owner and president when the team ceased operations; Frank Buonomo served as general manager.
After the NHL lockout in 2004–2005, NHL defenseman Barret Jackman decided to stay in St. Louis and play hockey for the River Otters during the lockout, along with center Ryan Johnson, defenseman Bryce Salvador and right winger Jamal Mayers.
The River Otters also boasted veteran NHL'ers like Jim Montgomery, Dennis Vial, and Lonnie Loach, who wore #33 and is the only person to have his number retired with the Missouri River Otters.
On January 25, 2006 The Missouri River Otters hosted the 2006 United Hockey League All Star Classic which included events such as the UHL Alumni vs The St. Louis Blues Alumni in a pre game show to raise money for St. Louis Children's Hospital. And a special visit to Children's hospital to all of the United Hockey League Team Mascots and All Star Players.
In late April 2006, Mike Shanahan Jr. decided to fold the team due to lack of attendance, issues with the lease at the Family Arena and a steep workmans comp bill. The staff was then let go as the announcement was made that the team would not play in the upcoming 2006–07 United Hockey League season. While leaving open the possibility of a sale, owner Mike Shanahan Jr. said that the competition for the sports dollar in the greater St. Louis area meant that the team would likely fold instead of being sold .Shanny
Shanny is a common name for several fishes. Shanny or Shannie may refer to:
Mike Shanahan (born 1952), former National Football League coach, nicknamed "Shanny"
Prickleback, a family (Stichaeidae) of blennies
Lipophrys pholis, a species of Combtooth blennies
Shannie Barnett, a basketball player in the 1942-1943 National Basketball League season - see List of National Basketball Association players (B)
Suzanne Shannie Duff, Canadian politician
Brendan Shanahan (born 1969), Canadian National Hockey League executive and former player, nicknamed "Shanny"West Coast offense
In American football, the West Coast offense is an offense that places a greater emphasis on passing than on running.
There are two similar but distinct offensive strategic systems that are commonly referred to as "West Coast offenses". Originally, the term referred to the Air Coryell system popularized by Don Coryell. Following a journalistic error, however, it now more commonly refers to the offensive system devised by Bill Walsh while he was the offensive coordinator of the Cincinnati Bengals, characterized by short, horizontal passing routes in lieu of running plays to "stretch out" defenses, opening up the potential for long runs or long passes. It was popularized when Walsh was the head coach of the San Francisco 49ers.
# denotes interim head coach
# denotes interim head coach
# denotes interim head coach