Mike Rann

Michael David Rann, AC, CNZM (born 5 January 1953) is an Australian former politician who was the 44th Premier of South Australia from 2002 to 2011. He accepted a professorship at Flinders University and a visiting fellowship at University of Auckland in 2012, was Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 2013 to 2014, and was Australia's Ambassador to Italy, Albania, Libya and San Marino and as Australia's Permanent Representative to the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization and World Food Programme from 2014 to 2016. Among several other honours, Rann was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in the 2016 Australia Day Honours.

Rann succeeded Lynn Arnold as leader of the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party and South Australian Leader of the Opposition in 1994. Rann led Labor to minority government at the 2002 election, before attaining a landslide win at the 2006 election. The Rann Government was elected to a third four-year term at the 2010 election, retaining majority government despite a swing − giving Labor a record 12 years in government. He resigned as Premier in October 2011 after a year of poor opinion polling saw him lose party support and was succeeded by Jay Weatherill. Rann is the third-longest serving Premier of South Australia behind Thomas Playford IV and John Bannon − the third-longest serving Leader of the Opposition from 1994 to 2002 behind Mick O'Halloran and Robert Richards − and served a record 17 years as South Australian Labor parliamentary leader from 1994 to 2011. He was a South Australian MP in the House of Assembly from the 1985 election and Father of the House from the 2010 election until his parliamentary resignation on 13 January 2012.

The Labor government Rann formerly led, through Weatherill, became the longest-serving South Australian Labor government and the second longest-serving South Australian government behind the Playmander-assisted Thomas Playford IV. Aside from Playford, the 2014 election was the second time that any party has won four consecutive state elections in South Australia, the first occurred when Don Dunstan led Labor to four consecutive victories between the 1970 election and the 1977 election. Following the 2014 election, Labor went from minority to majority government when Nat Cook won the 2014 Fisher by-election by five votes from a 7.3 percent two-party swing.

Achievements of the Rann Government include job numbers raised and unemployment lowered, funding increased for health and education, the expansion of mining and defence industries, investment in wind power in South Australia making it the leader of wind power in Australia, and funding increased for new projects including: the Adelaide tram extension and new vehicle purchase, commencement of the rail electrification of Adelaide's train lines, construction commencement of the new Royal Adelaide Hospital, redevelopment of the Adelaide Oval, expansion of the Adelaide Convention Centre, upgrade of the River Torrens Riverbank precinct, construction of the Port Stanvac Desalination Plant, and the undertaking of various major road works including major upgrades to the North–South Corridor and South Road, aiming to be stop-free by 2030 for over 100 km from Old Noarlunga in the outer southern metropolitan Adelaide suburbs through to Nuriootpa in the inner northern rural area around the Barossa Valley, such as construction of the Anzac Highway underpass and construction commencement (now built) of the elevated North-South Motorway/South Road Superway, construction of the Port River Expressway and Northern Expressway, the upgrade of the Sturt Highway, the duplication and expansion of the Southern Expressway and plans for the construction (now in-progress) of the Northern Connector to join up the Superway and Expressway. His government also introduced Adelaide's Thinker in Residence program. South Australia achieved a AAA credit rating under the Rann Labor government, prompting Business SA chief executive Peter Vaughan to praise Labor's economic management. Rann was often the most popular Premier in the country, with his approach to government generally moderate and crisis-free. Following the 2006 election landslide where Labor was re-elected with a historic 56.8 percent two-party-preferred vote, Newspoll early in 2007 saw Rann peak at a historic 64 percent Preferred Premier rating with a historic 61 percent Labor two-party-preferred vote. University of Adelaide Professor of Politics Clem Macintyre said that after John Bannon and the State Bank collapse, Rann had to re-establish Labor's credentials as an economic manager as a matter of urgency, and "in that sense Rann had a whole lot of priorities to concentrate on that Don Dunstan didn't even think about", with a legacy built on economic achievements, achieving the triple-A credit rating, as well as its capacity to deliver infrastructure projects.


Mike Rann

Mike Rann (smiling)
44th Premier of South Australia
Elections: 1997, 2002, 2006, 2010
In office
5 March 2002 – 21 October 2011
MonarchElizabeth II
GovernorMarjorie Jackson-Nelson
Kevin Scarce
DeputyKevin Foley
John Rau
Preceded byRob Kerin
Succeeded byJay Weatherill
Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
In office
1 February 2013 – 27 June 2014
Preceded byJohn Dauth
Succeeded byAlexander Downer
Australian Ambassador to Italy, Albania, Libya and San Marino
In office
27 June 2014 – 8 January 2016
Preceded byDavid Ritchie
Succeeded byGreg French
37th Leader of the Opposition (SA)
In office
20 September 1994 – 5 March 2002
DeputyRalph Clarke
Annette Hurley
Preceded byLynn Arnold
Succeeded byRob Kerin
18th Leader of the Australian Labor Party (SA Branch)
In office
20 September 1994 – 21 October 2011
DeputyRalph Clarke
Annette Hurley
Kevin Foley
John Rau
Preceded byLynn Arnold
Succeeded byJay Weatherill
Member of the South Australian Parliament
for Ramsay
In office
11 December 1993 – 13 January 2012
Preceded byLynn Arnold
Succeeded byZoe Bettison
Member of the South Australian Parliament
for Briggs
In office
7 December 1985 – 10 December 1993
Preceded byNew district
Succeeded byDistrict abolished
Personal details
Born
Michael David Rann

5 January 1953 (age 66)
Sidcup, Kent, England
Political partyAustralian Labor Party (SA)
Spouse(s)Jenny Russell (divorced)
Sasha Carruozzo (2006–present)
EducationNorthcote College
Alma materUniversity of Auckland
ProfessionJournalist

Early life

Rann was born in Sidcup, Kent.[1] His father was an electrician who had served at El Alamein in World War II. His mother was employed in an armaments factory.[2] Most of Rann's childhood was spent in the care of his father in South London. In 1962, when he was nine, his family emigrated from Blackfen to Mangakino, a small town north of Taupo on the Waikato River in New Zealand. His family then moved to Matamata, then to Birkenhead on Auckland's North Shore where he attended Northcote College.[3]

He completed a Bachelor and a Master of Arts in political science at the University of Auckland. He was Vice President of the New Zealand Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and editor of the student newspaper Craccum. As a member of Princes Street Labour, he also spent considerable time working on New Zealand Labour Party campaigns including that of Mike Moore. After university, Rann was a political journalist for the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation. Haydon Manning has stated that "it was reported that" Rann "struggled with being an objective reporter".[3]

Rann visited his brother Chris in Adelaide during 1977. Shortly afterwards he moved to that city, to carry out a position with then Premier Don Dunstan's Industrial Democracy Unit. He subsequently worked as Dunstan's press secretary, speech writer and adviser, and went on to serve Labor premiers Des Corcoran and John Bannon after Dunstan's retirement from politics. Manning has stated that one commentator reported that Rann was "frankly inspired by Dunstan's idealism" as opposed to "Bannon's cool electoral pragmatism". Rann sometimes talked during this period of his ambitions to one day become Premier himself. Meanwhile, Rann wrote speeches on, and assisted in policy development for, civil liberties, Aboriginal land rights, gay and women's rights, and opposition to uranium mining. Revealing a vein of idealism, his early predilection was left of centre.[3][4]

Parliament

Rann was elected to Parliament as the Member for the safe Labor seat of Briggs in north Adelaide at the 1985 election. After the 1989 election, he entered the ministry, becoming Minister for Employment and Further Education, Minister of Youth Affairs, Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Minister assisting in Ethnic Affairs.

As Minister for Employment and Further Education he established the Kickstart employment scheme, the South Australian Youth Conservation Corps,[5] presided over a large expansion of TAFE, and signed an agreement in 1992 between Le Cordon Bleu, the Swiss Hotel Association and the Regency College of TAFE to establish an international hospitality and cooking school.[6] He introduced the legislation in 1991 to establish the new University of South Australia, now the biggest university in the state.[7] As a member of the Australian Education Council he played a key role in 1992 in the creation of ANTA, the Australian National Training Authority, with shared funding of TAFE by Federal as well as state governments. As Minister of Aboriginal Affairs he campaigned for a clean-up of Maralinga lands affected by the UK nuclear tests in the 1950s and legislated in 1991 to return the sacred Ooldea lands to the Maralinga Tjarutja people.[8] As Minister of Tourism he legislated in 1993 to establish the South Australian Tourism Commission and had ministerial responsibility for the Australian Formula One Grand Prix.[9]

Labor lost government at the 1993 election in a landslide due to the State Bank collapse, falling to only 10 seats. After the election, Rann was first elected as Deputy Leader of the Opposition under Lynn Arnold. However, when Arnold resigned a few months later, Rann succeeded him as Parliamentary Leader of the Opposition in September 1994. As Opposition Leader Rann launched a "Labor Listens" strategy designed to re-connect with voters[10] and vigorously opposed the privatisation of water services and electricity assets. Assisted by Liberal government leaks he exploited their internal divisions. Following the ousting of Premier Dean Brown by John Olsen, Rann released a series of damaging Cabinet documents and was involved in a prolonged and bitter legal battle with Premier Olsen.

Rann went into the 1997 election as a decided underdog. However, he turned the campaign into a "referendum on privatisation." Under Rann's leadership, Labor regained much of what it had lost in its severe defeat of four years earlier. Labor picked up a massive 9.4 percent swing, still the largest against a sitting government on record in South Australia. It also more than doubled its seat count compared to 1993, and actually came within three seats of making Rann premier. Olsen was forced into a minority government, supported by the Nationals and independents. After the election the Liberal government reversed their pre-election commitment, opting to privatise the state's electricity assets, contributing to the Liberal government's declining poll support. Following the Motorola affair, Olsen was forced to resign as Premier in late 2001. He was succeeded by his popular deputy Rob Kerin, who was able to significantly reduce Labor's poll lead.

Premier

Premier Mike Rann with Deputy Secretary Zoellick
Rann (left) with former US Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick (right) in 2005.
WhitlamRann
Former Prime Minister of Australia Gough Whitlam with wife Margaret at the wedding of Rann and Sasha Carruozzo in 2006.

Rann remained Leader of the Opposition until the 2002 election. The Labor opposition took two seats from the Liberals. This left Labor one short of majority government while the Liberals were four seats short. Despite this, it initially appeared Kerin would remain in office with the support of four conservative-leaning independents. However, one of those independents, former Liberal Peter Lewis, agreed to support Labor in return for a constitutional convention and being named Speaker. On paper, this made Rann premier-elect, with a majority of one vote. In response, Kerin announced that in accordance with precedent set by Don Dunstan three decades earlier, he would stay in office until Labor demonstrated it had support on the floor of the House of Assembly. He argued that since the Liberals had won a bare majority of the two-party vote, he still had a mandate to govern. Three weeks of deadlock ended when the new legislature met for the first time. With Lewis presiding, Kerin proposed a motion of confidence in his government. The motion failed, and Kerin's government immediately resigned.[11] Rann then advised Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson that he could form a government, and was duly sworn in the next day. Rann later secured the support of conservative independent Rory McEwen and the Nationals' Karlene Maywald by adding them to his cabinet. He also agreed to back Liberal-turned-independent Bob Such as Speaker after Lewis retired.

In addition to Premier, Rann also served as the Minister for Economic Development, Minister for Social Inclusion, Minister for the Arts, and Minister for Sustainability and Climate Change. Rann was appointed chairman of a new Australian Federation Council in July 2006, a council which was created to improve state-federal ties. Rann also ran for national presidency in the National Executive in August 2006, and made senior-vice president with 27 percent of the vote. As such, he also served a rotation of the Presidency of the ALP National Executive in 2008.[12]

Popularity in earlier years

AdelaideTramExtensionRibbon
Rann (right) with Minister for Transport Pat Conlon (left) opening the extension of the Glenelg Tram line in 2007.
RannApology
Rann at National Sorry Day in Elder Park, Adelaide, for the apology to the stolen generations in 2008.

Rann's earlier achievements included raising job numbers and lowering unemployment, increasing new project funding, increasing expenditure on schools, university, health and mental illness, halving rough-sleeping in the streets, making the state home to the largest amount of wind power in Australia, developing hot rock power, and utilising solar power for the public service. South Australia's debt achieved a AAA rating under the Rann Labor government,[13] prompting Business SA chief executive Peter Vaughan to praise Labor's economic management.[14] Rann subsidised theatres,[15] added Guggenheim galleries,[15] introduced the Festival of Ideas[15] and Adelaide's Thinker in Residence program,[15] and encouraged the idea that film festivals fund movies.[15] He made WOMAD, the Adelaide Fringe Festival and the Adelaide Festival of Arts annual.[15]

Rann was comfortably reelected in 2006, taking 28 seats to the Liberals' 15—to date, Labor's largest majority since the abolition of the Playmander. Labor also garnered a two-party vote of 56.8 percent, a significant comeback from its low of 39 percent in 1993 under Arnold.

Rann personally likened his government to Dunstan's, stating "I'm a totally different person to Don Dunstan, but in the 70s for different reasons South Australia stood head and shoulders above the crowd. We stood out, we were leaders. The federal government is setting up a social inclusion unit based on ours. Again it's about us not only making a difference locally, but being a kind of model for others, which is what Dunstan used to say he wanted us to be ... a laboratory and a leader for the future." Rann says he expected other reforms to be based upon those enacted under his government, citing the state's strategic plan, a 10-year framework for the development of government and business. "It's a plan for the state, not just promises at each election. A lot of colleagues interstate thought I'd gone mad when we named targets. Well we didn't want to set targets we could easily pass and then pat ourselves on the back for, what's the point of that?"[16] A total of 79 economic and social targets were set,[17] and in 2010 Rann commented "with most of its targets achieved, on track or within reach".[18] However, the state's Integrated Design Commissioner, Tim Horton, said in 2011: "Its targets are really great, but I don't think any of us have signed on to why those targets exist or what we can do to further them. It's a top-down approach. I worry the document exists in the minds of agencies but not in the minds of people."[19]

During Rann's first and second terms, Rann was often the most popular Premier in the country, with his approach to government generally moderate and crisis-free.[20] Newspoll early in 2007 saw Rann peak at a historic 64 per cent as Preferred Premier, and 61 per cent on the two-party-preferred vote. University of Adelaide Professor of Politics Clem Macintyre said that after the State Bank collapse, Rann had to re-establish Labor's credentials as an economic manager as a matter of urgency, and "in that sense Rann had a whole lot of priorities to concentrate on that Dunstan didn't even think about", with a legacy built on economic achievements, achieving the triple-A credit rating, as well as its capacity to deliver infrastructure projects.[21]

Fourth quarter 2007 polling saw a reduction in the strong support for Rann's Labor government since the previous election, on 54 percent of the two-party-preferred vote, a fall from the previous poll of five percent. Rann's Preferred Premier rating was at 50 percent compared to 25 percent for then Liberal leader Martin Hamilton-Smith.[22][23] Third quarter 2008 polling saw a more pronounced drop in the primary vote, down three to 38 percent, with the Liberal vote up five to 40 percent, breaking to a two-party vote of 50–50 after preferences – the Preferred Premier figure recorded a six-point drop to 48 percent for Rann and up three to 30 percent for Hamilton-Smith. Some commentators put the poll slump down to "labour movement ructions" over the underfunded WorkCover liability (see 2008 Parnell–Bressington filibuster), consolidation of rural health services, and the continued degradation of the River Murray.[24][25]

Newspoll saw Labor back in a winning position on 54 to 46 in late 2008, and then 56 to 44 in early 2009 along with increases in the Preferred Premier rating. Polling taken from The Sunday Mail during the 50-50 polling suggested that whilst there had been large swings away from the government in country areas, polling held relatively firm at 2006 election levels in the metropolitan areas.[26]

The 2009 Frome by-election saw Labor pick up a small increase in the two-party-preferred vote. This, coupled with the "dodgy documents affair", also known as "dodgy-gate", saw Hamilton-Smith step down from the Liberal leadership, to be replaced by Isobel Redmond.

Affair allegations

On 22 November 2009, Seven Network's Sunday Night current affairs program aired a paid television interview alleging that Rann had an affair with a Parliament House waitress between March 2004 and October 2005.[27][28]

Rann commented before the interview went to air that claims of a sexual relationship were "wildly sensational", and that once he had seen the program, he would respond with a "brief statement".[29][30] He also expressed frustration that he had been unable to "clear the air" because matters were before a court.[31] The day after the allegations were aired, Rann called a press conference where he explicitly denied the allegations made in the interview, claimed the program was outrageous, and stated the claims were malicious lies aimed at damaging him politically and personally.[32]

An out-of-court settlement was paid by Seven Network to Rann in February 2010 and with an apology issued for suggesting the affair had an effect on Rann discharging his duties as Premier of South Australia.[33] Polling was conducted by The Advertiser in December 2009 with answers to questions revealing little voter interest in the allegations.[34][35] Others suggested that it was the turning point for Rann's decline, with the issue causing indirect damage over a sustained period of time.[36][37]

Third term

2010 0119 Tour Down Under Murray Street Gawler (9) (19332572883)
Labor MP Nick Champion, Rann, Prime Minister Kevin Rudd and Tony Piccolo in Gawler for the Tour Down Under in 2010.

The Rann Labor government won a third four-year term at the 2010 state election with 26 of 47 seats though with only 48.4 percent of the two-party preferred vote. It was the first Rann Labor election campaign that took to YouTube and social networking.[38] As Labor held government until the 2014 state election, with four-year terms, it is the longest-serving period of a South Australian Labor government in history. Rann also served as Labor leader since 1994, a record period as Labor leader.

New and continued projects for Rann Labor's third term were claimed to be the biggest infrastructure spend in the state's history, which included rail electrification of Adelaide's train lines, expansion of the Adelaide tram line, construction of the new Royal Adelaide Hospital, the Adelaide Oval redevelopment, expansion of the Adelaide Convention Centre, redesigning the River Torrens Riverbank precinct, expanding mining and defence industries, the Port Stanvac Desalination Plant, and continued various major road works including various upgrades to the North–South Corridor.[39]

Public sector budget cuts due to decreased tax receipts stemming from the global financial crisis introduced after the 2010 election caused protest amongst unionists and other traditional Labor voters. Rann defeated a motion against his leadership at the yearly Labor convention in 2010.[40][41]

In early 2011 Rann reshuffled his cabinet after Deputy Premier and Treasurer Kevin Foley resigned from both positions but remained in the cabinet. Attorney-General John Rau became Deputy Premier and Jack Snelling became Treasurer.[42]

The first Newspoll of the third term of the Rann Labor government in March 2011 showed Rann's personal satisfaction-dissatisfaction rating at a new low of 30–59 and a two-party vote of 44–56, a swing against Labor of 4.4 percent since the 2010 election. Labor's primary vote dived to 29 percent, down 8.5 percent, the Liberal vote remained at 42 percent, whilst the Greens surged to 14 percent, an increase of 6 percent, with "other" slightly higher. The subsequent Newspoll saw the two-party vote narrow to 46–54, a swing against Labor of just 2.4 percent, however there was no statistical change in Rann's personal satisfaction-dissatisfaction ratings.

In late July 2011, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and The Advertiser reported that senior figures within Labor had indicated to Rann that the state party's left and right factions had formally decided to replace Rann with Education Minister Jay Weatherill as party leader. A day later, Rann confirmed he would stand down and undergo a party leadership transition to Weatherill, with the handover occurring in October 2011.[43][44][45][46][47]

Rann formally resigned from the premiership on 21 October 2011, and Weatherill was elected unopposed as his successor.[48]

Rann resigned from parliament on 13 January 2012 which created an 11 February 2012 Ramsay by-election. Zoe Bettison easily retained the seat for Labor with only a slight swing against her, and Ramsay remained the safest of Labor's lower house seats.[49][50][51]

Post-parliamentary career

London Stock Exchange (13056133013)
Rann (right) with Foreign Minister Julie Bishop (second right) at the London Stock Exchange in 2014.

Rann's post-parliamentary appointments include the new Urban Policy Forum created by the federal government, as a professor in the School of Social and Policy Studies with Flinders University and as a visiting fellowship in political studies at the University of Auckland. He has also joined the International Leadership Council of The Climate Group, and the International Advisory Board of the Ecological Sequestration Trust.[52][53][54] Rann was also appointed Adjunct Professor in Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University, Fellow for Democracy and Development at the Washington, D.C.-based Center for National Policy and as Member of the Council of the Royal Institution Australia.[55]

Rann was appointed Chair of Low Carbon Australia Pty Ltd in early 2012, the federal government's "green bank" providing finance to companies to reduce carbon emissions[56] and to the International Leadership Council of The Climate Group.[57]

Rann was announced on 23 August 2012 as the next Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.[58][59][60] Rann also assumed the role of Permanent Representative to the United Nations International Maritime Organisation, Commonwealth War Graves Commissioner and Trustee of the Imperial War Museum.[55] Mike Rann is currently Australia's Ambassador to Italy, San Marino, Albania and Libya. He is also Australia's Permanent Representative to the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization and World Food Programme.

Personal life

Rann was married to Jenny Russell until the late 1990s and had two children with her, David and Eleanor. On 15 July 2006, he married his second wife, actress Sasha Carruozzo.[3] It was revealed in December 2011 that she is undergoing treatment for breast cancer.[61]

In 2016, Rann's son, David, was appointed media advisor to South Australian Treasurer Tom Koutsantonis.[62]

Honours, titles and styles

Orders
  • Australia 26 January 2016: Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) "For eminent service to the Parliament and the community of South Australia, particularly as Premier, through broad-ranging policy design and implementation, and to the advancement of Australia's diplomatic, trade and cultural relationships.".[63]
Medals
Foreign honours
Organisations

Titles and styles

  • 27 June 2014 – Present: His Excellency The Honourable Michael David Rann, AC, CNZM, Australian Ambassador to Italy, Albania, Libya and San Marino.

See also

References

  1. ^ Williamson, Brett. "Rann's last stand: Will step down October 20, 2011". ABC Adelaide. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Hon Mike Rann MP". National Press Club of Australia. 11 June 2008. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Manning, Haydon (2005). "Mike Rann: A fortunate 'king of spin'". In Williams, Paul, Bob Faulkner and John Wanna. Yes, Premier: Labor Leadership in Australia's States and Territories. University of New South Wales Press. pp. 197–224. ISBN 978-0-86840-840-8.CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Ansley, Greg (4 December 2004). "Cosying up to the Kiwis". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
  5. ^ "SA youth project reaps praise from leading environmentalist". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  6. ^ Le Cordon Bleu(www.cordonbleu.edu) 5 April 2011
  7. ^ University of South Australia news release 17 August 2006
  8. ^ "Maralinga hand-over prompts celebration". The Age. AAP. 25 August 2004. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  9. ^ http://www.parlinfo.aph.gov.au 7 October 1993; and www.pitpass.com
  10. ^ Manwaring, Rob (2013). "Reinventing Labor: the South Australian Rann government (2002–2011)" (PDF). Australian Political Science Association. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  11. ^ Reporter: Ann Barker (5 March 2002). "Premier crowned in Sth Australia". The 7.30 Report. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. ABC TV. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  12. ^ "National President of the ALP". Australian Labor Party. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  13. ^ Anderson, Geoff (23 December 2004). "Economic climate has Rann in the sun". The Adelaide Review. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  14. ^ RANN SLAM: The Advertiser 18 March 2006 Archived 27 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ a b c d e f Ellis, Bob (3 August 2011). "In the end, Rann the rabbit just couldn't outrun them". The Drum. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  16. ^ Wiseman, John (12 January 2008). "Leader of the bandwagon". The Australian. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  17. ^ "South Australia's Strategic Plan Summary of Targets" (PDF). Government of South Australia. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  18. ^ "SA on track with strategic plan: Rann". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  19. ^ "Citizens in dark on state plan".
  20. ^ 1001 Australians You Should Know, Google Books
  21. ^ Dornin, Tim (1 August 2011). "Rann, a premier for his time". 9 News. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  22. ^ Rann's poll streak halts Archived 30 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine, The Australian, 28 December 2007.
  23. ^ Why Rann is feeling unpopular, The Advertiser, 31 December 2007.
  24. ^ Rann's 'winter' puts South Australian Liberals back in the picture Archived 2 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine, The Australian, 24 September 2008.
  25. ^ "When panic starts to build". The Independent Weekly. 1 October 2008. Archived from the original on 2 October 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  26. ^ Poll boost for Rann in key seats, The Sunday Mail, 31 October 2008.
  27. ^ "We had sex on Premier's desk: waitress". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 22 November 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  28. ^ Tory Shepherd; Gold Coast (29 November 2009). "Michelle Chantelois reveals she wants her hubby back". The Advertiser. News.com.au. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  29. ^ Barmaid says she had affair with Premier Mike Rann Archived 23 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine, news.com.au, 21 November 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
  30. ^ David Nason and Pia Akerman (2009) Former Parliament House barmaid tells of affair with Premier Rann, The Australian, 21 November 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
  31. ^ "Waitress to detail Rann 'affair'". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 22 November 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  32. ^ Steve Larkin (2009) Rann denies having sex with ex-waitress Archived 26 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine, AAP, 23 November 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
  33. ^ Kyriacou, Kate; Kelton, Greg; Hyde, Ben (14 February 2010). "Bombshell as Seven apologises to Rann over Chantelois saga". The Advertiser. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  34. ^ Kelton, Greg (11 December 2009). "Labor poll boost despite sex allegations". AdelaideNow. News Limited. Archived from the original on 12 December 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  35. ^ Comment: Greg Kelton (11 December 2009). "Worries melt for nervous Labor". The Advertiser. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  36. ^ "Peccadillo caused Rann's plunge in popularity, says old enemy". The Australian. 5 August 2011.
  37. ^ Wright, Tony (2 August 2011). "Sex, power & politics". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  38. ^ Kelton, Greg (15 February 2010). "Rann targets YouTube votes". The Advertiser. p. 4. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
  39. ^ "More than $10 billion being spent on infrastructure". AEOL. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  40. ^ "Rann, Foley defy calls for their scalps: ABC 28 November 2010". ABC News. 28 November 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  41. ^ "Rann: voters will reward tough love". The Advertiser. 7 January 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  42. ^ "Rann stays as SA gets new deputy premier". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
  43. ^ Martin, Sarah; Wills, Daniel (5 August 2011). "Jay Weatherill may take on South Australia Premier Mike Rann". The Advertiser. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  44. ^ Hunt, Nigel (30 July 2011). "Premier Mike Rann told to stand down". AdelaideNow. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
  45. ^ "Rann to be ousted in leadership coup". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 30 July 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
  46. ^ Owen, Michael (30 July 2011). "Mike Rann handed deadline to stand down as South Australian premier". The Australian. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  47. ^ "SA premier facing a leadership coup". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 30 July 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  48. ^ "SA gets new premier and cabinet shuffle". ABC News. ABC. 21 October 2011.
  49. ^ "Labor confirms by-election candidates".
  50. ^ Malik, Sarah (9 January 2012). "Mike Rann to quit politics this week". 9 News. AAP. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  51. ^ Dornin, Tim (13 January 2012). "Rann says goodbye to parliament". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  52. ^ "Rann's future plans are simply academic". 27 January 2012.
  53. ^ Owen, Michael (27 January 2012). "Mike Rann appointed professor at Flinders University". The Australian. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  54. ^ "Former premier Mike Rann trades hats and gets real on politics". The Australian. 28 January 2012. Archived from the original on 2 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  55. ^ a b "Biography".
  56. ^ "Rann to chair federal Board of Low Carbon". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  57. ^ "Leadership for a clean revolution" (PDF). The Climate Group. June 2012. p. 25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  58. ^ "Gillard government gifts top UK job to Rann". The Sydney Morning Herald. 17 August 2012.
  59. ^ "Rann's UK job backed". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 17 August 2012.
  60. ^ "Rann confirmed as UK high commissioner". ABC News. Australia: Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 23 August 2012.
  61. ^ "Rann's wife battles breast cancer".
  62. ^ "Subscribe - adelaidenow".
  63. ^ "Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) entry for Rann, Michael David". It's an Honour, Australian Honours Database. Canberra, Australia: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016. For eminent service to the Parliament and the community of South Australia, particularly as Premier, through broad-ranging policy design and implementation, and to the advancement of Australia's diplomatic, trade and cultural relationships.
  64. ^ "Centenary Medal entry for Rann, Michael David". It's an Honour, Australian Honours Database. Canberra, Australia: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 1 January 2001. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  65. ^ "Polish Hill River Church Museum". Polish Hill River Church Museum. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  66. ^ Lower, Gavin (31 December 2008). "Premier Mike Rann receives New Zealand honour". The Australian. Archived from the original on 31 December 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  67. ^ "South Australia Premier Mike Rann honoured". The Hindu. 8 September 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2016.

External links

Parliament of South Australia
New district Member for Briggs
1985–1993
District abolished
Preceded by
Lynn Arnold
Member for Ramsay
1993–2012
Succeeded by
Zoe Bettison
Political offices
Preceded by
Kym Mayes
Minister of Employment and Further Education
1989–1992
Succeeded by
Bob Gregory
as Minister of Labour Relations
and Occupational Health and Safety
Minister of Youth Affairs
1989–1992
Vacant
Title next held by
Bob Such
as Minister for Youth Affairs
Preceded by
Terry Hemmings
Minister of Aboriginal Affairs
1989–1992
Succeeded by
Kym Mayes
Vacant
Title last held by
John Bannon
Minister Assisting the Minister of Ethnic Affairs
1989–1992
Office abolished
Preceded by
Anne Levy
Minister of State Services
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Bob Gregory
Preceded by
Barbara Wiese
as Minister of Small Business
Minister of Business and Regional Development
1992–1993
Succeeded by
John Olsen
as Minister for Industry, Manufacturing,
Small Business and Regional Development
Preceded by
Lynn Arnold
as Minister of State Development
Preceded by
Barbara Wiese
Minister of Tourism
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Graham Ingerson
Preceded by
Stephen Baker
Deputy Leader of the Opposition of South Australia
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Ralph Clarke
Preceded by
Lynn Arnold
Leader of the Opposition of South Australia
1994–2002
Succeeded by
Rob Kerin
Preceded by
Rob Kerin
Premier of South Australia
2002–2011
Succeeded by
Jay Weatherill
Preceded by
Robert Brokenshire
Minister for Volunteers
2002–2006
Succeeded by
Jennifer Rankine
Preceded by
Diana Laidlaw
Minister for The Arts
2002–2011
Succeeded by
John Hill
New title Minister for Economic Development
2002–2011
Succeeded by
Jay Weatherill
as Minister for State Development
New title Minister for Social Inclusion
2004–2011
Succeeded by
Ian Hunter
as Minister for Communities and Social Inclusion
New title Minister for Sustainability and Climate Change
2006–2011
Succeeded by
Paul Caica
as Minister for Sustainability, Environment and Conservation
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lynn Arnold
Leader of the Australian Labor Party (SA Branch)
1994–2011
Succeeded by
Jay Weatherill
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
John Dauth
Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Alexander Downer
Preceded by
David Ritchie
Australian Ambassador to Italy
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Greg French
1997 South Australian state election

State elections were held in South Australia on 11 October 1997. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Premier of South Australia John Olsen defeated the Australian Labor Party led by Leader of the Opposition Mike Rann, forming a minority government with the SA Nationals and independent MPs.

2002 South Australian state election

State elections were held in South Australia on 9 February 2002. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election, along with half of the 22 seats in the South Australian Legislative Council. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Premier of South Australia Rob Kerin was defeated by the Australian Labor Party led by Leader of the Opposition Mike Rann. Labor won 23 out of 47 seats, and then secured the one more seat it needed for a majority by gaining the support of independent Peter Lewis.

2010 South Australian state election

The 2010 South Australian state election elected members to the 52nd Parliament of South Australia on 20 March 2010. All seats in the House of Assembly or lower house, whose current members were elected at the 2006 election, and half the seats in the Legislative Council or upper house, last filled at the 2002 election, became vacant.

The incumbent centre-left Australian Labor Party government led by Premier Mike Rann was elected to a third four-year term over the opposition centre-right Liberal Party of Australia led by Leader of the Opposition Isobel Redmond. Labor's landslide 7.7 percent swing to a two-party-preferred vote of 56.8 percent at the 2006 election was reversed at this election with a swing of 8.4 percent, finishing with a two-party vote of 48.4 percent, however, Labor retained majority government with 26 of 47 seats, a net loss of two. Labor lost the inner metropolitan seats of Adelaide, Morialta and Norwood to the Liberals while Nationals SA member Karlene Maywald lost her rural seat of Chaffey to the Liberals. Independent Kris Hanna lost to the Labor candidate in Mitchell, independents Bob Such in Fisher and Geoff Brock in Frome retained their seats (the latter having won at the 2009 by-election), while independent candidate Don Pegler won Mount Gambier, replacing outgoing independent Rory McEwen. Jay Weatherill took over from Rann as Premier and Labor leader in October 2011.

In the upper house, both major parties won four seats each, with the last three to the SA Greens, Family First, and Dignity for Disability. The composition of the upper house therefore became eight Labor, seven Liberal, two Green, two Family First, two independent No Pokies, and one Dignity for Disability.

Like federal elections, South Australia has compulsory voting, uses full-preference instant-runoff voting in single member seats for the lower house and single transferable vote group voting tickets in the proportionally represented upper house. The election was conducted by the Electoral Commission of South Australia (ECSA), an independent body answerable to Parliament.

Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch)

The Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch), commonly known as South Australian Labor, is the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party, originally formed in 1891 as the United Labor Party of South Australia. It is one of two major parties in the bicameral Parliament of South Australia, the other being the Liberal Party of Australia (SA Division).

Since the 1970 election, marking the beginning of democratic proportional representation (one vote, one value) and ending decades of pro-rural electoral malapportionment known as the Playmander, Labor have won 11 of the 15 elections. Spanning 16 years and 4 terms, Labor was last in government from the 2002 election until the 2018 election. Jay Weatherill led the Labor government since a 2011 leadership change from Mike Rann. During 2013 it became the longest-serving state Labor government in South Australian history, and in addition went on to win a fourth four-year term at the 2014 election.

Labor's most notable historic Premiers of South Australia include Thomas Price in the 1900s, Don Dunstan in the 1970s and John Bannon in the 1980s.

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (NZ)

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND(NZ)) was co-founded in Christchurch New Zealand in 1959 with the help of Elsie Locke and Mary Woodward. Mabel Hetherington, who belonged to an earlier generation of peace activists from England, was largely responsible for setting up CND(NZ) in Auckland when she moved to New Zealand after World War II. With Alison Duff and Pat Denby, Hetherington carried CND(NZ) in Auckland through the 1960s. It was largely from CND(NZ) and the Peace Media that Greenpeace New Zealand evolved.

In 1959, responding to rising public concern following the British H-Bomb tests in Australia, New Zealand voted in the UN to condemn nuclear testing while the United Kingdom, United States and France voted against, and Australia abstained. In the early 1960s CND(NZ) New Zealand organised marches and speeches throughout the country to highlight the concerns about French atmospheric nuclear tests at Mururoa atoll in French Polynesia. In 1961, CND(NZ) with the support of other peace groups urged the New Zealand government to declare it ‘will not acquire or use nuclear weapons' and to withdraw from nuclear alliances such as ANZUS. In 1963 CND(NZ) Auckland presented the ‘No Bombs South of the Line' petition with 80,238 signatures to the New Zealand Parliament calling on the government to sponsor an international conference to discuss establishing a nuclear-free-zone in the southern hemisphere. It was the biggest New Zealand petition since the one in 1893 demanding votes for women.In 1972, in a joint Greenpeace and CND(NZ) campaign, the yacht Vega was re-named "Greenpeace III", and it sailed in a defiant protest into the atomic exclusion zone at Mururoa Atoll. The Vega was rammed by a French military warship and David McTaggart (co-founder of Greenpeace International) was severely beaten by French military police in a second voyage in 1973. The international publicity which surrounded the incident marked the beginning of a 3 decade protest against nuclear testing at Mururoa with an eventual test ban implemented by the French in 1996. In 1987 the New Zealand parliament adopted the New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987 declaring the country and its territorial waters a nuclear-free zone.

Two leaders of CND NZ in the 1970s went on to parliamentary careers. CND President Richard Northey ONZM was MP for Eden from 1984 to 1990 and MP for Onehunga from, 1993 to 1996. His Vice President Mike Rann CNZM was Premier of South Australia from 2002 to 2011.

Carnegie Mellon University, Australia

Carnegie Mellon University in Australia is the Australian campus of Carnegie Mellon University's H. John Heinz III College established in 2006 in the city centre of Adelaide, South Australia.

The move by Heinz to establish a campus in Australia was announced in Pittsburgh in 2005 by South Australian Premier Mike Rann, following negotiations with Carnegie Mellon President Jared Cohon.

Electoral district of Briggs

Briggs was an electoral district of the House of Assembly in the Australian state of South Australia from 1985 to 1993. The district was based in the northern suburbs of Adelaide.

Briggs was a safe Labor seat. It was abolished in 1993, with sitting member Mike Rann successfully moving to the nearby seat of Ramsay. Much of the Briggs area was then represented by the new seat of Wright.

Electoral results for the district of Ramsay

This is a list of electoral results for the Electoral district of Ramsay in South Australian state elections.

Fides Bluff

Fides Bluff is a headland in the Australian state of South Australia located on the north coast of Kangaroo Island in the gazetted locality of De Mole River about 70 kilometres (43 miles) west of the municipal seat of Kingscote.It was named by the Government of South Australia on 23 October 2003 to commemorate the loss of the Finnish barque Fides which was wrecked on the nearby coastline on 22 May 1860 with the loss of her captain and 10 of her 14 crew. A plaque was unveiled at Fides Bluff by Mike Rann, the Premier of South Australia, and Anneli Puura-Märkälä, the Finnish Ambassador to Australia on 7 December 2003 to commemorate the naming of the headland.

Jay Weatherill

Jay Wilson Weatherill (born 3 April 1964) is an Australian politician who was the 45th Premier of South Australia, serving from 21 October 2011 until 19 March 2018. Weatherill represented the House of Assembly seat of Cheltenham as a member of the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party from the 2002 election to 17 December 2018, when he retired.Labor was in government from 2002, with Weatherill leading the Labor government since a 2011 leadership change from Mike Rann. During 2013 it became the longest-serving state Labor government in South Australian history, and in addition went on to win a fourth four-year term at the 2014 election. The 16-year state Labor Government lost power at the 2018 election. On 18 March, the day after the election, Weatherill announced his decision to step down as Labor leader, but intended to remain in Parliament on the back-bench. Peter Malinauskas succeeded Weatherill as Labor leader on 9 April. Weatherill announced his intention to retire from Parliament on 6 December 2018.

Lynn Arnold

Lynn Maurice Ferguson Arnold, AO (born 27 January 1949) is an Anglican priest and a former Australian politician who represented the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party, serving as Premier of South Australia between 4 September 1992 and 14 December 1993 at the end of 11 years of Labor government resulting from the 1993 election landslide.

After leaving politics, Arnold worked for World Vision from 1997 to 2007, and for Anglicare SA since March 2008. In November 2013 he was ordained a deacon in the Anglican Church. In December 2014 he was ordained priest in St Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide.

Maralinga

Maralinga in the remote western areas of South Australia was the home of the Maralinga Tjarutja, a southern Pitjantjatjara Indigenous Australian people. Maralinga was the site of the British nuclear tests in the 1950s. The site measures about 3,300 km² in area.

In January 1985, the Maralinga Tjarutja native title land was handed over to the Maralinga people under the Maralinga Tjarutja Land Rights Act, 1984 passed by both houses of the South Australian Parliament in December 1984 and proclaimed in January 1987.

In 2003 South Australian Premier Mike Rann and Education Minister Trish White opened a new school at Oak Valley replacing what had been described as the "worst school in Australia". In May 2004, following the passage of special legislation, Premier Rann handed back title to 21,000 square kilometres of land to the Maralinga Tjarutja and Pila Nguru people.

The land, 1000 km northwest of Adelaide and abutting the Western Australia border, was called the Unnamed Conservation Park. It is now known as Mamungari Conservation Park. It includes the Serpentine Lakes and was the largest land return since Premier John Bannon's hand over of Maralinga lands in 1984. At the 2004 ceremony Premier Rann said the return of the land fulfilled a promise he made in 1991 when he was Aboriginal Affairs Minister, after he passed legislation to return lands including the sacred Ooldea area (which also included the site of Daisy Bates' mission camp) to the Maralinga Tjarutja people.Under an agreement between the governments of the United Kingdom and Australia, efforts were made to clean up the site before the Maralinga people resettled on the land in 1995. They named their new community Oak Valley (29.401°S 130.739°E / -29.401; 130.739 (Oak Valley)); it is approximately 128 km NNW of the original township. The effectiveness of the cleanup has been disputed on a number of occasions.

The population is generally around 23–50. During special cultural activities with visitors from neighbouring communities, it rises to 1,500 people.

Oak Valley, South Australia

Oak Valley is the only community of Maralinga Tjarutja Aboriginal Council (AC) Local Government Area (LGA), South Australia. The population of the LGA (at the time of the 2006 census) was 105 people all in Oak Valley. It is approximately 128 km NNW of the original Maralinga township. It is named for the desert oaks that populate the vicinity of the community.

It was established in 1984 with funds provided as compensation for the dispossession of the Maralinga people from their lands following the Nuclear tests. The risks associated with living in an area contaminated by plutonium, even after the cleanup have been a significant concern.In 2003 South Australian Premier Mike Rann and Education Minister Trish White opened a new school at Oak Valley replacing what had been described as the "worst school in Australia". In May 2004, following the passage of special legislation, Premier Rann handed back title to 21,000 square kilometres of land to the Maralinga Tjarutja and Pila Nguru people. The land, 1000 km northwest of Adelaide and abutting the Western Australia border, was called the Unnamed Conservation Park. It is now known as Mamungari Conservation Park. It includes the Serpentine Lakes and was the largest land return since Premier John Bannon's hand over of Maralinga lands in 1984. At the 2004 ceremony Premier Rann said the return of the land fulfilled a promise he made in 1991 when he was Aboriginal Affairs Minister after he passed legislation to return lands including the sacred Ooldea area (which also included the site of Daisy Bates' mission camp) to the Maralinga Tjarutja people.Images from Oak Valley and the Maralinga lands were the focus of an exhibition at the 2002 Adelaide Festival.

Paul Caica

Paul Caica (born 1957) is an Australian politician, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party. He represented the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Colton from the 2002 election until his retirement in 2018. He served in the state ministry from 2006 to 2013 under both Mike Rann and Jay Weatherill.

Premier's Reading Challenge

The Premier's Reading Challenge is a literacy initiative developed by Australian state governments. It is set not as a competitive event, but rather as an individual challenge to each student, as well as to promote a love of reading books. The challenge is run in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Victoria. In Western Australia, a similar program called the Premier's Summer Reading Challenge was cancelled in 2014. Tasmania's Labor government joined the other states in 2008.

The Premier's Reading Challenge in South Australia, launched by Premier Mike Rann (2002 to 2011) has one of the highest participation rates in the world for reading challenges. It has been embraced by more than 95% of public, private and religious schools.

Rosanne Haggerty

Rosanne Haggerty (born 1961) is an American housing and community development leader, and founder of Common Ground Community and later of Community Solutions. Haggerty redeveloped the Times Square Hotel, a building on the National Register of Historic Places, reducing homelessness by 87 percent in the 20-block neighborhood around it.Haggerty graduated from Amherst College in 1982 and went on to study at both Columbia University (M.A. Arch.) and New York University.

She was an Adelaide Thinker in Residence in Adelaide, Australia. South Australian Premier Mike Rann and Social Inclusion Commissioner David Cappo backed Haggerty's recommendations with a multimillion-dollar investment in inner-city apartment buildings tailor made for homeless people, establishing Common Ground Adelaide and Street to Home.

South Australia Aquatic and Leisure Centre

The South Australia Aquatic and Leisure Centre, also known as the State Aquatic Centre, is a swimming venue located in the Adelaide suburb of Oaklands Park in South Australia. The centre is managed by the YMCA on behalf of the Government of South Australia.

In April 2011 South Australian Premier Mike Rann opened the Centre, the most advanced swimming and diving facilities in Australia, in Marion. He was joined at the opening by Marion Mayor Felicity-ann Lewis. Lewis and Rann had championed the project for some years to enable Olympic standard aquatic sports to occur in South Australia.The A$100 million centre was designed by Peddle Thorp Architects and constructed by Candetti Constructions. Built between October 2009 and April 2011, the centre was officially open on 26 April 2011 after the 2011 Australian Age Championships were held from 18 to 23 April.On 1 July 2012, the Marion Swimming Club became the resident swimming club of the centre.In the past the centre has hosted the 2012 and the 2013 Australian Swimming Championships. Located at the end of Westfield Marion.

More recently, the 2016 Australian Olympic Trials and 2016 Swimming Australia National Age Championships were hosted at the centre alongside National Water Polo League games and the 2016 Diving SA Olympic Simulation event.

In 2017, a joint announcement was made between The South Australian Government and Swimming Australia that the SA Aquatic and Leisure Centre will host the 2019 National Swimming Championships and the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Trials.

The centre is managed by Adam Luscombe.

South Australian Tourism Commission

The South Australian Tourism Commission (SATC) is commission set up by the Government of South Australia to promote Tourism in South Australia.

The legislation to establish the SATC was introduced by the Hon Mike Rann, Minister for Tourism.The South Australian Tourism Commission Act 1993 was gazetted on 27 May 1993 with the agency commencing operation of 1 July 1993.

Wattle Point Wind Farm

Wattle Point Wind Farm is a wind farm near Edithburgh on the Yorke Peninsula in South Australia, which has been operating since April 2005. When it was officially opened in June of that year it was Australia's largest wind farm at 91 megawatts (122,000 hp). The installation consists of 55 wind turbines covering 17.5 square kilometres (6.8 sq mi)and was built at a cost of 180 million Australian dollars. It is connected to ETSA Utilities electricity transmission system via a 132 kilovolt line.The location was chosen after identification as having one of mainland Australia's highest average wind speeds. The wind farm was officially opened by South Australian Premier Mike Rann and Southern Hydro Chairman, Dr Keith Turner. The opening was opposed by some of the local Indigenous Australians, the Adjahdura (or Narungga). A descendant of the traditional landowners argued that construction desecrated an ancient burial ground, disturbing skeletons in the construction of turbine number four. Work was halted in late 2004 after the discovery of human remains, artefacts and tools. The Aboriginal Affairs Department, and the developers, separately commissioned archaeological reports resulting in the development allowed to proceed with five towers being repositioned. Both reports concluded that the bones had come from elsewhere on the peninsula, being later reburied at Wattle Point. The region's aboriginal community was divided on construction; Narungga National Aboriginal Corporation supporting development and the Narungga Heritage Committee strongly opposing.Wattle Point Wind Farm was built and owned by Southern Hydro Pty Limited. Southern Hydro was owned by Meridian Energy of New Zealand until October 2005, when it was bought by the Australian Gas Light Company (AGL). The windfarm was acquired by Alinta in October 2006, as part of an asset merger with AGL, and subsequently by the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group's Energy Infrastructure Trust, for 225 million dollars on 23 April 2007.

The District Council of Yorke Peninsula approved a second wind farm, Wattle Point Stage 2. However it did not proceed due to insufficient capacity in the electrical transmission lines.The facility is closely connected to the Dalrymple ESCRI battery, a 30-megawatt battery storage facility at Dalrymple substation about 21 kilometres (13 mi) to the north.

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