Mihael Stroj

Mihael Stroj (30 September 1803 in Ljubno – 19 December 1871 in Ljubljana) was a Slovenian painter.

Mihael Stroj - Judita s Holofernovo glavo
Mihael Stroj - Judith with Holofernes head

Life

Yugoslavian stamp - Mihael Stroj
Yugoslavian stamp
with Mihael Stroj's work

Mihael Stroj was born the fifth of eight children to Anton Stroj and his wife Marija, née Kokal. He spent his childhood in Ljubno in Upper Carniola. In 1812, his mother died of exhaustion. Shortly thereafter, his father remarried, sold his property in Ljubno and moved to Ljubljana with his family. Mihael Stroj attended the Glavna vzorna šola, where he completed the fourth class in 1817 with very good grades. He then joined the so-called artists’ class, which he concluded in 1820 with distinction. He continued his schooling in Vienna, where he enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts in 1821. The first of his works known to have survived, a sketch of a head and a self-portrait, date from this period. It is known that Stroj was still a student at the Academy of Fine Arts in 1825, but it is not known whether he concluded his studies there.

In 1830, Stroj spent time in Zagreb, where he offered his services to the nobility and bourgeoisie as a portraitist. Because of the numerous commissions that he received, he remained in Zagreb. He lived in Croatia (with intermittent stays in Slovenia) until 1842. In this period, he painted not only a large number of portraits, but also works with religious content, including altar pictures for churches in Vugrovec and Nova Rača.

In Croatia, Stroj was exposed to the ideas of Illyrism and associated with members of the Illyrian movement, including Stanko Vraz, Djuro Jelačić, the Ožegović family and others.

In 1841, Stroj married Margareta Berghaus, which whom he had five daughters. The following year, he returned to Ljubljana, where he continued to paint portraits of important members of the local bourgeoisie, although he also received further commissions from Croatia. He died in his house in Ljubljana after suffering multiple heart attacks.

Work

Luiza Pesjak
Portrait of Luiza Pesjak
Mihael Stroj Angelika und Medor
Angelica and Medoro (1833), a scene from the epic Orlando Furioso

Mihael Stroj was one of the most prominent Slovenian painters of the 19th century. His art reflects the Classicism and the Romanticism of his day, but the influence of the Biedermeier style is also visible. Most of his works are oil paintings.

Portraits of rich members of the bourgeoisie in Ljubljana and in Zagreb made up the majority of his work, although he also painted religious motives, genre works and historical themes. Some of his paintings are listed below.

Portraits

  • J. Martinčič (1830)
  • Djuro Jelačić (1832)
  • Karlo Jelačić (1834)
  • Stjepan Ožegović (1837)
  • Julijana Gaj (1838)
  • Mož z rdečo ovratnico (1840)
  • Stanko Vraz (1841)
  • Dr. Blaž Crobath (1842)
  • Mihael Ambrož (1850)
  • Luiza Pesjakova (around 1855)
  • Škof Anton Alojzij Wolf (1857)
  • Ljubljanska meščanka (1858)
  • Škof Mirko Karlo Raffay (around 1830)
  • Škof Juraj Haulik (1840)

Genre and historical works

  • Izpad iz trdnjave Siget (1820s)
  • V kovačnici (1838)
  • Historični prizor (?)
  • Vilinski ples (?)
  • Orientalka (?)

Religious works

  • Božja skrb (1842)
  • Marija pomagaj (?)
  • Marija z Jezusom na prestolu (1857)
  • Sv. Florijan (around 1855)
  • Sv. Anton Puščavnik (1863)

Paintings

Mihael Stroj - Azija

Azija

Mihael Stroj - Portret Luize Pesjak

Portrait of Luiza Pesjak II

Mihael Stroj - Mož z rdečo pentljo

Portrait of a man

Blaž Crobath

Portrait of Dr. Blaž Crobath, c. 1842

Mihael Stroj - Kristofor Stanković

Kristofor Stanković

Mihael Stroj - Portret Therese Proch

Therese Proch

Mihael Stroj - Evropa

Europa

References

  • Mihael Stroj – 1803–1871, (retrospektivna razstava, Ljubljana, Narodna galerija, 26. marec – 16. maj 1971), Ljubljana, Narodna Galerija, 1971
  • Klasicizem in romantika na Slovenskem, Ljubljana, Narodna galerija, 1954
  • Stele France, Slovenski slikarji, Ljubljana, Slovenski knjižni zavod, 1949
  • Komelj Milček, Obrazi – slovensko slikarstvo XIX. stoletja = Gesichter – slowenische Malerei im XIX. Jahrhundert
  • Komelj Milček, Božja skrb – Mihael Stroj: Božja skrb, Vzgoja, Leto 6, št. 22 (jun. 2004), str. 36.
Angelica and Medoro

Angelica and Medoro was a popular subject for Romantic painters, composers and writers from the 16th until the 19th century. Angelica and Medoro are two characters from the 16th-century Italian epic Orlando Furioso by Ludovico Ariosto. Angelica was an Asian princess at the court of Charlemagne who fell in love with the Saracen knight Medoro, and eloped with him to China. While in the original work, Orlando was the main character, many adaptations focused purely or mainly on the love between Angelica and Medoro, with the favourite scenes in paintings being Angelica nursing Medoro, and Angelica carving their names into a tree, a scene which was the theme of at least 25 paintings between 1577 and 1825.

Art of Slovenia

Art of Slovenia refers to all forms of visual art in or associated with Slovenia, both before and after the country's Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Art in Slovenia has been shaped by a number of Slovenian painters, sculptors, architects, photographers, graphics artists, comics, illustration, and conceptual artists. The most prestigious institutions exhibiting works of Slovene visual artists are the National Gallery of Slovenia and the Museum of Modern Art in Ljubljana.

Culture of Slovenia

Among the modes of expression of the culture of Slovenia, a nation state in Central Europe, are music and dance, literature, visual arts, film and theatre. A number of festivals take place, showcasing music and literature.

Giuseppe Tominz

Giuseppe Tominz also known as Jožef Tominc (6 July 1790 – 22 April 1866) was an Italian painter of Italian origin from the Austrian Littoral. He worked mostly in the Italian cultural milieu of the upper bourgeoisie in the Austrian Illyrian Kingdom. He was one of the most prominent portraitists of the Biedermeier period. He became renowned for his realistic portraits. He worked mostly in the Austrian Littoral, but also produced religious paintings in Carniola and in Croatia. His handiwork can be seen in the Holy Mary Church in Stoliv. Nowadays, many of his works are on display in the Revoltella Museum in Trieste, some in the National Gallery of Slovenia in Ljubljana, National Museum of Serbia and in the Museum of History and Art of Gorizia. He is considered part of both the Italian and the Slovenian national culture canon.

Mihael

Mihael may refer to:

Mihael Ambrož (1808–1864), Slovenian politician

Mihael Brejc (born 1947), Slovenian politician, Member of the European Parliament

Mihael Frankovitsch, 16th century politician in Slovenia when the country was under the Holy Roman Empire

Mihael Keehl, otherwise known as Mello, a character from the manga and anime series Death Note

Mihael Kovačević (born 1988), Swiss footballer of Croatian descent

Janez Mihael Kuk, 18th century politician in Slovenia when the country was under the Holy Roman Empire

Mihael Mihalev (born 1990), Bulgarian football midfielder

Mihael Mikić (born 1980), Croatian football player

Mihael Milunović (born 1967), Serbian, French and Croatian painter

Mihael Pongračić (born 1993), Croatian footballer

Mihael Preiss, politician of the early 17th century in Slovenia when the country was under the Holy Roman Empire

Mihael Rajić (born 1984), Croatian footballer

Mihael Rosen, politician of the late 16th century in Slovenia when the country was under the Holy Roman Empire

Mihael Stroj (1803–1871), Slovenian painter

Mihael Vodapiuez, 16th century politician in Slovenia when the country was under the Holy Roman Empire

Mihael Vončina (born 1969), Slovenian footballer

Mihael Zmajlović (born 1978), Croatian economist and politician

Slovenia

Slovenia ( (listen) sloh-VEE-nee-ə; Slovene: Slovenija [slɔˈʋèːnija]), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Republika Slovenija , abbr.: RS), is a country located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest. It covers 20,273 square kilometers (7,827 sq mi) and has a population of 2.07 million. One of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, Slovenia is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, of the European Union, and of NATO. The capital and largest city is Ljubljana.Slovenia has a mostly mountainous terrain with a mainly continental climate, with the exception of the Slovene Littoral, which has a sub-Mediterranean climate, and of the northwest, which has an Alpine climate. Additionally, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian Plain meet on the territory of Slovenia. The country, marked by a significant biological diversity, is one of the most water-rich in Europe, with a dense river network, a rich aquifer system, and significant karst underground watercourses. Over half of the territory is covered by forest. The human settlement of Slovenia is dispersed and uneven.Slovenia has historically been the crossroads of Slavic, Germanic, and Romance languages and cultures. Although the population is not homogeneous, Slovenes comprise the majority. The South Slavic language Slovene is the official language throughout the country. Slovenia is a largely secularized country, but Catholicism and Lutheranism have significantly influenced its culture and identity. The economy of Slovenia is small, open and export-oriented and is thus strongly influenced by the conditions of its exporting partners economies. It has been severely hurt by the Eurozone crisis which started in 2009. The main economic field is services, followed by industry and construction.Historically, the current territory of Slovenia has formed part of many different states, including the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Carolingian Empire, and the Holy Roman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Republic of Venice, the French-administered Illyrian Provinces of Napoleon I, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. In October 1918 the Slovenes exercised self-determination for the first time by co-founding the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. In December 1918 they merged with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929).

During World War II (1939–1945) Germany, Italy, and Hungary occupied and annexed Slovenia (1941–1945), with a tiny area transferred to the Independent State of Croatia, a Nazi puppet state. In 1945 Slovenia became a founding member of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, renamed in 1963 as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In the first years after World War II this state was initially allied with the Eastern Bloc, but it never subscribed to the Warsaw Pact and in 1961 became one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement.

In June 1991, after the introduction of multi-party representative democracy, Slovenia became the first republic that split from Yugoslavia and became an independent sovereign state. In 2004, it entered NATO and the European Union; in 2007 became the first formerly communist country to join the Eurozone; and in 2010 it joined the OECD, a global association of high-income developed countries. Slovenia is a high-income advanced economy with a very high Human Development Index.

Stopiče

Stopiče (pronounced [ˈstoːpitʃɛ]; German: Stopitsch) is a village in the foothills of the Gorjanci range in the Municipality of Novo Mesto in southeastern Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region.

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