Miguel Tejada

Miguel Odalis Tejada (born Tejeda,[1][2] May 25, 1974) is a Dominican former professional baseball shortstop who played 16 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB). He played for six different teams, most notably the Oakland Athletics and Baltimore Orioles, before short stints with the Houston Astros, San Diego Padres, San Francisco Giants, and Kansas City Royals.

Tejada spent his first six seasons in MLB with the Athletics, where he began a streak of 1,152 consecutive games that ended with the Orioles on June 22, 2007. He is a six-time All-Star and a two-time Silver Slugger Award winner. In 2002, he won the American League Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award, and was the 2005 All-Star Game MVP. Tejada's nickname is "La Guagua", which means "the bus" in certain Spanish dialects, as Tejada was known for his ability to drive in runs.

On February 11, 2009, he pleaded guilty to one count of perjury for lying to Congress in his testimony on whether Rafael Palmeiro lied about his steroid use.[3] On August 17, 2013, MLB suspended Tejada for 105 games for violating MLB drug policy. It was the third-longest non-lifetime suspension ever issued by MLB for a drug-related violation.[4][5]

Miguel Tejada
NCA 3894 Miguel Tejada
Tejada with the Kansas City Royals
Born: May 25, 1974 (age 45)
Baní, Dominican Republic
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
August 27, 1997, for the Oakland Athletics
Last MLB appearance
August 10, 2013, for the Kansas City Royals
MLB statistics
Batting average.285
Home runs307
Runs batted in1,302
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Tejada grew up in extreme poverty in Baní, a city approximately 40 miles (65 km) southwest of Santo Domingo, capital of the Dominican Republic. He grew up idolizing the Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken Jr.[6] Tejada's rise from the slums of Baní through the minors and into the Major Leagues is chronicled in the book Away Games: The Life and Times of a Latin Ballplayer by Marcos Breton and Jose Luis Villegas. Away Games describes the struggles of Dominican players in general and Tejada in particular as they arrive in the U.S. speaking very little English, often in small towns playing for minor league teams, with dreams of making it big.[7]

Professional career

Oakland Athletics (1997–2003)


Tejada developed quickly into a top-notch prospect, showing early signs of power. He reached the Majors towards the end of the 1997 season, joining a struggling Oakland Athletics club. Though he only hit .202 in 26 games that year, the A's saw potential in the 23-year-old Tejada. This was bolstered by his performance with the Edmonton Trappers (AAA) in the Pacific Coast League during the season, and returning to the minors to lead the Trappers to a PCL championship that year. He was rewarded with the starting shortstop job beginning in 1998.

The A's, and Tejada, steadily improved over the next two years. His hitting improved as he gained more discipline at the plate. In 1998, he hit .233 with 11 home runs and in 1999 his average jumped to .251 with 21 home runs.

After a solid 87-win campaign in 1999, Tejada and a core of young players led their A's to their first American League Western Division title in eight years in 2000. Bolstered by an American League MVP-winning performance by first baseman Jason Giambi, and aided by Tejada's .275 average and 30 home runs, the A's won 91 games. The A's faced the New York Yankees in the first round of the postseason, which was won by the Yankees 3-2.

In 2001, Tejada had a comparable offensive year, hitting .267 with 31 homers. The A's captured the American League wild card with a 102-60 record. In the postseason, however, the A's fell to the Yankees in five games, blowing an initial 2-0 series lead.


Tejada's breakout year came in 2002. With the departure of Jason Giambi to the New York Yankees during the offseason, and a leg injury to slugger Jermaine Dye, the A's lost two of their key offensive players. Tejada hit .308 with 34 homers and led the A's to their second Western Division title in three years. Their campaign included an American League record 20 game winning-streak. Tejada contributed one-out, game-winning hits in the 18th and 19th games of that run: a three-run homer off Minnesota Twins closer Eddie Guardado for a 7-5 victory and a bases-loaded single against Kansas City Royals reliever Jason Grimsley to break a 6-6 tie. Tejada also showed modest speed on the basepaths with 18 steals over a two-year stretch. His performance was rewarded with the 2002 American League MVP award. For the third straight year, though, the A's fell in the fifth game of the ALDS, this time to the Minnesota Twins.


The next year, both the A's and Tejada got off to a slow start, with the shortstop hitting under .200 for the first month of the season. Improved play in the second half of the season led the A's to their second straight Western Division title and their third in four years. Tejada hit .278 with 27 homers for the year, a decrease from his numbers in 2002, but still leading many offensive categories for shortstops.

M Tejada - Orioles v Yanks 2007-07-29
Tejada during his first tenure with the Baltimore Orioles in 2007

In a tension-filled series, the powerful offense of the Boston Red Sox narrowly edged out the A's in the first round, once again in five games. Tejada was known for his public display of anger toward Boston starting pitcher Derek Lowe at the series' conclusion for what he perceived as obscene gestures. Lowe denied the accusation, claiming his fist pump was in celebration only.[8][9]

Baltimore Orioles (2004–2007)

By the end of the 2003 season, Tejada had established himself as one of baseball's premier shortstops. The A's elected not to re-sign the free agent, citing budget concerns and a young Bobby Crosby coming through the system, so Tejada signed a six-year, $72 million deal with the Baltimore Orioles during the offseason.

On arrival in Baltimore, Tejada was given uniform number 10, since 4, his number in Oakland, had been retired for former manager Earl Weaver. As an Oriole, Tejada followed in the footsteps of legendary Baltimore shortstop Cal Ripken Jr.. Like Ripken, Tejada was a strong and durable shortstop with unusual power numbers for a middle infielder.


On July 12, 2004, Tejada won the Century 21 Home Run Derby in Houston. Tejada hit a (then) record 27 home runs in the contest, including a record 15 homers in the second round. He defeated Houston Astros outfielder Lance Berkman (who would later become his teammate) 5-4 in the final round of the contest.[10] Both records were broken the following year in Detroit by Bobby Abreu. Tejada finished the 2004 season with 34 home runs and an MLB-leading 150 RBIs, and won his first career Silver Slugger Award.

While Tejada did not participate in the Home Run Derby in 2005, he was an All-Star and starter for the AL. In his first All-Star start, Tejada hit a solo home run against John Smoltz of the Atlanta Braves, had a sacrifice RBI and was part of an all-Oriole double play with teammate Brian Roberts. His efforts earned him the All-Star MVP, winning a Chevrolet Corvette.

2005–2006 offseason

On December 8, 2005, it was widely reported by the Associated Press that Tejada asked the Orioles for a trade, citing unhappiness with the team's direction. Tejada challenged those statements in an interview with Comcast Sportsnet's Kelli Johnson, saying he only asked for a better team, referring to his hope that the Baltimore Orioles would improve after their eighth straight losing season.

Several weeks later, Tejada reiterated his complaints with the Orioles' lack of action and demanded to be traded. Tejada stated that he wants a "good group that helps me to win" and commented briefly on his alleged non-involvement in Palmeiro's steroid scandal. On January 7, 2006, Tejada stated his intent to remain with Baltimore for "the rest of [his] career." This statement was made to Orioles Vice President Jim Duquette in a meeting arranged by mutual friend and teammate Melvin Mora. It was reported that Tejada was claimed by the Chicago White Sox off trade waivers, but the two teams did not make a deal for Tejada.


Tejada played in his 1,000th consecutive game on July 1, 2006.

Tejada's streak was at 1,151 games when he was hit on his left wrist by a pitch on June 20, 2007. The next day, he went up to bunt in the top of the first inning, bunted into a force play, and was replaced by a pinch runner. Following that game, it was announced that he had a broken wrist. On June 22 he was placed on the disabled list, ending his streak at 1,152 consecutive games, the fifth longest in Major League history, behind Cal Ripken, Jr. (2,632), Lou Gehrig (2,130), Everett Scott (1,307), and Steve Garvey (1,217).[11]

Miguel Tejada 2008
Tejada playing for the Houston Astros in 2008

Houston Astros (2008–2009)

On December 12, 2007, Tejada was dealt to the Houston Astros for five players, including SP Troy Patton, OF Luke Scott, RP Dennis Sarfate and RP/SP Matt Albers.[12]

Tejada scored his 1,000th career run on July 7, 2008, at PNC Park. In the 2008 All-Star Game Tejada singled leading off the top of the eighth stole second with one out and advanced to third on a throwing error and scored on Padres' first baseman Adrian Gonzalez's sacrifice fly.

In the 2008 season he grounded into 32 double plays, the most in the major leagues.[13]

In 2009, he again led the majors in grounding into double plays, this time with 29.[14]

Second stint with the Orioles (2010)

On January 23, 2010, Tejada agreed to a one-year deal worth $6 million with the Orioles.[15]

San Diego Padres (2010)

On July 29, the Orioles traded Tejada to the San Diego Padres for minor league pitcher Wynn Pelzer.[16][17] On September 22, Tejada hit his 300th career home run off Ted Lilly of the Los Angeles Dodgers.

San Francisco Giants (2011)

IMG 7070 Miguel Tejada
Tejada playing for the San Francisco Giants in 2011

Tejada signed a one-year, $6.5 million, contract with the San Francisco Giants.[18] He was designated for assignment on August 31, 2011 after batting .239 with four home runs and 26 RBIs in 91 games.[19] He was released on September 8, 2011.[20]

Third stint with the Orioles (2012)

On May 6, 2012, Tejada reached an agreement on a contract with the Orioles.[21][22] He failed to make the Major League club's roster however, and played for their Triple-A affiliate Norfolk team until requesting his outright release, which was granted on June 25, 2012.[23]

Kansas City Royals (2013)

On December 31, 2012, Tejada signed a minor league contract with the Kansas City Royals. According to the Associated Press, he was to earn $1.1 million plus performance incentives worth an additional $400,000 if he made the Royals Major League 40-man roster for 2013.[23]

On August 17, 2013, Tejada received a 105-game suspension from Major League Baseball following two positive drug tests for amphetamines. Tejada claimed to have been in the process of re-applying for a therapeutic use exemption as he used the drug to treat a medical condition, but he chose not to appeal the decision. Due to a calf injury suffered prior to the ban, Tejada was not likely to play in the remaining 41 games of the 2013 season anyway, though they will count toward his suspension. He also was not allowed to play in the first 64 games of the 2014 season.[4]

Miami Marlins

On May 16, 2014, Tejada signed a minor league contract with the Miami Marlins. Tejada was required to serve the remaining 64 games left on his suspension before being available to be called up by the Marlins.[24] On August 2, Tejada was released by the Marlins.[25]

Tejada was eligible to be elected into the Hall of Fame in 2019, but received less than 5% of the vote and became ineligible for the 2020 ballot.


Steroid allegations and suspensions

On September 22, 2005, ESPN reported that Rafael Palmeiro, who had tested positive for steroids and was suspended for 10 games under Major League Baseball's steroid policy, implicated Tejada to baseball's arbitration panel, suggesting that a supplement given to him by Tejada was responsible for the steroid entering his system. Tejada denied the allegations,[26] saying that the only thing he gave Palmeiro was vitamin B-12, a legal substance under MLB policy.

On September 24, 2005, the Baltimore Sun reported that "The Health Policy Advisory Committee, which oversees baseball's testing policy, issued a statement that exonerated Tejada and chastised the media for reporting that he might have distributed steroids to another player."[27]

In José Canseco's 2005 book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, he mentioned that he believed Tejada might have taken steroids. He claims to have spoken to him about them and the next season seeing him at spring training looking more defined. He never claims to have injected him with them, like he did with Palmeiro, McGwire, and other ballplayers.

On September 30, 2006, the Los Angeles Times reported that former relief pitcher Jason Grimsley, during a June 6, 2006, federal raid, told federal agents investigating steroids in baseball named Tejada as a user of "anabolic steroids." The Times reported that Tejada was one of five names blacked out in an affidavit filed in federal court.[28] However, on October 3, 2006, the Washington Post reported that San Francisco United States attorney Kevin Ryan said that the Los Angeles Times report contained "significant inaccuracies."[29] Tejada, along with the other four players named, denounced the story.[29]

On December 13, 2007, Tejada was mentioned in the Mitchell Report in connection to steroids. In the report, Tejada is said to have received $1,500 worth of steroids.[1]

A report surfaced on January 15, 2008, stating that Rep. Henry Waxman had asked the Justice Department to investigate whether Tejada was truthful when speaking to the House committee when being interviewed in 2005 regarding possible connections to Rafael Palmeiro.[30][31]

On February 10, 2009, Tejada was charged with lying to Congress about performance-enhancing drug usage in Major League Baseball.[32] On February 11, Tejada pleaded guilty to charges that he lied to Congress in 2005.[33] He faced up to one year in federal prison and deportation.[34] On March 26, 2009, he received one-year probation.[35]

On August 17, 2013, Tejada was suspended 105 games for testing positive twice for amphetamines, specifically the prescription medication adderall.[36] Tejada claimed he had medical permission from MLB to use the drug to treat ADD, but it expired on April 15, 2013, and he continued to use it without gaining a new permission from MLB.[37] The suspension was the third-longest non-lifetime ban issued by MLB for a drug violation.


On April 17, 2008, Tejada was confronted by an ESPN reporter during a sit-down interview with documentation revealing that Tejada had been lying about his age ever since he first signed a Major League Baseball contract in 1993. Tejada had claimed to have been born in 1976 when a Dominican birth certificate showed that he was born in 1974 as "Miguel Tejeda."[1][2] He struggled to take off his microphone and kept questioning who the interviewer was referring to. Tejada stormed off the set, ending the interview.

Before the interview was aired in April 22, 2008, he acknowledged this fact.[38]

Personal life

Tejada has a chicken farm in Florida where he lives with his wife, Alejandra, and his daughter, Alexa.[39] His son, Miguel Jr., is a shortstop in the Philadelphia Phillies organization.[40]

On August 20, 2015, Reorg Research reported that Tejada had filed for bankruptcy.[41]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "ESPN – Why questions about age, name could pose problems for Tejada – MLB". Sports.espn.go.com. 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  2. ^ a b "Tejada two years older than Astros thought". Chron.com. 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  3. ^ Schmidt, Michael S. (February 11, 2009). "The Tumult Continues: Tejada Pleads Guilty". The New York Times. Retrieved February 12, 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Royals’ Miguel Tejada suspended 105 games by MLB for amphetamines". Kansas City Star. Retrieved 8-17-2013.
  5. ^ "Miguel Tejada Suspended Again, was Rafael Palmerio Telling the Truth About PED Use?". Archived from the original on 2013-08-24. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
  6. ^ "Tejada Looks to Build on Ripken Legacy". Washingtonpost.com. 2004-02-24. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  7. ^ Bretón, Marcos; Villegas, José Luis (1999). page for Away Games. ISBN 978-0684849911.
  8. ^ Christensen, Joe; Kubatko, Roch (April 7, 2004). "Tejada, Lowe say ALDS feud is in past". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "AL: A's irate about Lowe's gesture". St. Petersburg Times. October 7, 2003. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  10. ^ Antonen, Mel (July 12, 2004). "Tejada blasts way to victory in Derby". USA Today. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  11. ^ Fordin, Spencer (June 22, 2007). "Streak over: Tejada placed on DL". MLB.com. Retrieved July 28, 2007.
  12. ^ "Tejada traded to Astros, Orioles to receive five players for former AL MVP". SI.com. December 12, 2007. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
  13. ^ "2008 Major League Baseball PH/HR/Situ Hitting". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  14. ^ ""MLB Player Batting Stats – 2009", ESPN, accessed October 9, 2009". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  15. ^ Zrebiec, Jeff (January 23, 2010). "Orioles to bring back Tejada". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  16. ^ Roch Kubatko View Comments (2010-07-29). "School of Roch: Tejada deal now official (update)". Masnsports.com. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  17. ^ "Padres fortify infield by acquiring Tejada | MLB.com: News". Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  18. ^ "Tejada thrilled to join world champion Giants | SFGiants.com: News". Sanfrancisco.giants.mlb.com. 2012-06-19. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  19. ^ Bonesteel, Matt (September 1, 2011). "Stats, scores and schedules". The Washington Post.
  20. ^ "Giants Release Pair of Veterans". Espn.go.com. 2011-09-08. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  21. ^ "Baltimore Orioles invite Miguel Tejada work out at spring camp – ESPN". Espn.go.com. 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  22. ^ Snyder, Matt (2012-05-06). "Miguel Tejada has agreed to deal with Orioles". CBSSports. Archived from the original on 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2012-09-21.
  23. ^ a b Cassavell, AJ (31 December 2012). "Royals sign Tejada, Endy to Minor League deals". MLB.com via KC Royals official team website. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  24. ^ Rojas, Enrique (May 17, 2014). "Miguel Tejada headed to minors". ESPN.com. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  25. ^ "Sun Sentinel".
  26. ^ "Palmeiro named Tejada before panel". ESPN. September 23, 2005. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
  27. ^ "Topic Galleries". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  28. ^ Pugmire, Lance (October 1, 2006). "Clemens Is Named in Drug Affidavit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
  29. ^ a b "U.S. Attorney Says Report Alleging Drug Use Contains 'Inaccuracies'". Washington Post. October 3, 2006. p. E02. Retrieved October 4, 2006.
  30. ^ The Associated Press: Congress Asks for Tejada Perjury Probe
  31. ^ Peter Grier (2008-01-16). "Pro baseball is urged to keep focus on antidrug policies". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  32. ^ "Tejada charged with lying to congress about steroids". Archived from the original on February 13, 2009.
  33. ^ "MLB star Tejada pleads guilty to lying about steroids". Taipei Times. February 13, 2009. Archived from the original on August 19, 2009. Retrieved August 19, 2009.
  34. ^ O'Keeffe, Michael; Red, Christian; Vinton, Nathaniel; Thompson, Teri (February 11, 2009). "Miguel Tejada pleads guilty to charges that he lied to Congress". Daily News. New York.
  35. ^ "MLB Baseball News, Scores, Standings, Rumors, Fantasy Games". Archived from the original on 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2017-01-14.
  36. ^ "Miguel Tejada suspended 105 games". ESPN. 2013-08-17. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  37. ^ "Miguel Tejada suspended 105 games". ESPN. August 17, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  38. ^ "Tejada admits to being two years older". Sports.espn.go.com. 2008-04-18. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  39. ^ Kilgore, Adam (July 13, 2005). "Orioles' Tejada turns on MVP power". Boston Globe. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  40. ^ https://www.12up.com/posts/6309892-phillies-sign-miguel-tejada-jr
  41. ^ Reorg Research [@reorgresearch] (20 August 2015). "This Miguel Tejada sig on ch 11 petition looks remarkably like one on baseball by 2002 AL MVP" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

External links

Preceded by
Jeff Frye
Hitting for the cycle
September 29, 2001
Succeeded by
Craig Biggio
1997 Oakland Athletics season

The Oakland Athletics' 1997 season was the team's 30th in Oakland, California. It was also the 97th season in franchise history. The team finished fourth in the American League West with a record of 65-97.

The Athletics, coming off a surprising (if still mediocre) 78-84 campaign, hoped to reach the playoffs for the first time since 1992. With this in mind, the team traded for slugger Jose Canseco. Canseco, who had played for the Athletics from 1985 to 1992, was reunited with fellow superstar (and fellow "Bash Brother") Mark McGwire. In addition to McGwire and Canseco, Oakland's impressive collection of power hitters included Jason Giambi, Gerónimo Berroa, and Matt Stairs.

Little was done, however, to shore up the Athletics' abysmal 1996 pitching staff. Ariel Prieto, owner of a 4.41 career ERA (Earned Run Average), was named the Opening Day starter; a succession of poorly regarded players filled out the rest of the starting rotation and bullpen. While optimism remained high for the team's offense, great concern remained for its pitching staff.

In the end, Oakland's offense and pitching both fared terribly. For the second consecutive year, no Athletics pitcher won ten or more games; even worse, no starter won more than six. None of the team's top four starters (Ariel Prieto, Steve Karsay, Mike Oquist, and Dave Telgheder) finished the season with an ERA of less than 5.00; the Athletics, as a team, finished with an earned run average of 5.48 (easily the MLB's worst). All told, the A's allowed a season total of 946 runs. This remains the worst such figure in Oakland history.

More puzzling was the fate of the offense. Oakland, as expected, remained one of the league's best power-hitting teams. The Athletics' sluggers hit a total of 197 home runs (third-most in the American League). Oakland's home runs failed to generate much offense, however, as a low team batting average negated most of the team's other advantages. Oakland scored a total of 764 runs in 1997 (the 11th highest total in the American League).

These awful performances quickly removed the A's from contention. On May 31, they were already nine games out of first place; their position steadily worsened throughout the summer. In light of this, General Manager Sandy Alderson traded Mark McGwire (who, at the time, was on pace to break Roger Maris' single-season home run record) to the St. Louis Cardinals for T.J. Matthews, Blake Stein, and Eric Ludwick. McGwire would finish the season with 58 home runs (four shy of breaking the record). The trade was a disaster on the Athletics' end, as none of the three players received in the trade remained on the team by 2000. The A's ultimately finished twenty-five games behind the first-place Seattle Mariners. Their 65-97 finish (the club's worst since 1979) led to the removal of Sandy Alderson as General Manager on October 17; he was replaced by Billy Beane. Manager Art Howe, however, was retained for the 1998 season.

The 1997 season would ultimately prove to be the Athletics' nadir. The continued rise of Jason Giambi, the debuts of Ben Grieve and Miguel Tejada, the acquisition of Tim Hudson in the 1997 MLB draft, and the ascension of Billy Beane to the position of general manager paved the way for a lengthy period of success from 1999 onwards.

2001 Oakland Athletics season

The Oakland Athletics' 2001 season was the team's 34th in Oakland, California, and the 101st season in franchise history. The team finished second in the American League West with a record of 102-60.

The Athletics entered the 2001 season with high expectations. Much of the excitement stemmed from the team's trio of promising young starting pitchers (Barry Zito, Mark Mulder, and Tim Hudson); after a strong showing in 2000, many expected the Athletics' rotation to rank among the American League's best in 2001. The signing of additional starter Cory Lidle during the 2000-01 offseason helped solidify the rotation's back-end. On offense, the Athletics were loaded; sluggers Miguel Tejada, Eric Chavez, and reigning American League MVP Jason Giambi comprised the core of a powerful Oakland attack. The addition of Johnny Damon, acquired in a three-way trade for Ben Grieve, promised to add a new dimension to the Athletics' offense. A strong bullpen (led by Chad Bradford, Jim Mecir, and Jason Isringhausen) rounded out Oakland's roster.

These high expectations quickly evaporated. The Athletics stumbled out of the gate (winning just two of their first dozen games); while their play nominally improved over the first half of the season, they failed to build upon the momentum of their division-winning 2000 campaign. The rival Seattle Mariners, in stark contrast, raced to a historic 52-14 start. As expected, the offense performed well; Oakland was instead hamstrung by unexpectedly terrible starting pitching. At the season's midpoint, the A's boasted a sub-.500 record (39-42); they trailed the division-leading Mariners by some 21 games.

The Athletics responded with arguably the most dominant second half in modern MLB history. Over their final 81 regular season games, the A's went 63-18 (a record since the league switched to a 162-game schedule); this included 29 wins in their final 33 games. The Athletics' maligned rotation returned to form; over their final games, Zito, Mulder, Hudson, and Lidle went a combined 48-10. On July 25, the Athletics acquired slugger Jermaine Dye from the Kansas City Royals for prospects; this move further energized the already-surging squad. The Athletics ultimately weren't able to catch up with Seattle (which won an AL-record 116 games), but their remarkable run allowed them to clinch the AL's Wild Card. The Athletics' 102 wins remain the most by a Wild Card team in MLB history.

The Athletics faced the New York Yankees (the three-time defending World Series champions) in the ALDS. Oakland took the first two games, but unraveled after a heartbreaking 1-0 loss in Game 3, in which Jeremy Giambi was infamously thrown out at the plate after a relay throw was flipped by Derek Jeter to Jorge Posada; they would lose the series to the Yankees in five games. At the end of the season, Oakland would lose Jason Giambi, Johnny Damon, and Jason Isringhausen to free agency; this would set the stage for the events portrayed in Michael Lewis' bestselling book Moneyball (and the film by the same name).

2002 Caribbean Series

The forty-fourth edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was held from February 2 through February 8 of 2002 with the champion baseball teams of the Dominican Republic, Tigres del Licey; Mexico, Tomateros de Culiacán; Puerto Rico, Vaqueros de Bayamón, and Venezuela, Navegantes del Magallanes. The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice, and the games were played at Estadio Universitario in Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.

2002 Major League Baseball season

The 2002 Major League Baseball season finished with two wild-card teams, the Anaheim Angels defeating the San Francisco Giants in seven games, for the World Series championship. It was the first title in Angels team history. This was the first season for mlb.tv .

2004 Major League Baseball season

The 2004 Major League Baseball season ended when the Boston Red Sox defeated the St. Louis Cardinals in a four-game World Series sweep. This season was particularly notable since the Red Sox championship broke the 86-year-long popular myth known as the Curse of the Bambino. The Red Sox were also the first team in MLB history and the third team from a major North American professional sports league to ever come back from a 3–0 postseason series deficit, in the ALCS against the New York Yankees.

The Montreal Expos would play their last season in Montreal, before re-locating to Washington DC, becoming the Washington Nationals in 2005.

2005 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 2005 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 76th playing of the midseason exhibition baseball game between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 12, 2005 at Comerica Park in Detroit, Michigan, the home of the Detroit Tigers of the American League. The game resulted in the American League defeating the National League 7–5, thus awarding an AL team (which eventually came to be the Chicago White Sox) home-field advantage in the 2005 World Series. The game was when Rawlings first previewed the Coolflo batting helmets.

2006 Major League Baseball Home Run Derby

The 2006 Century 21 Home Run Derby was a 2006 Major League Baseball All-Star Game event held at PNC Park, the home field of the Pittsburgh Pirates on July 10, 2006. The competition had eight competitors as usual and seven were eliminated in over three rounds. Ryan Howard of the Philadelphia Phillies defeated David Wright of the New York Mets to be crowned derby champion. A total of 87 home runs were hit in the derby.

2007 Caribbean Series

The forty-ninth edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was played held from February 2 through February 7 of 2007, featuring the champion teams from Dominican Republic (Aguilas Cibaeñas), Mexico (Naranjeros de Hermosillo), Puerto Rico (Gigantes de Carolina) and Venezuela (Tigres de Aragua). The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice, and the games were played at Roberto Clemente Stadium in Carolina, Puerto Rico.

2013 Caribbean Series

The fifty-fifth edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was played in 2013.

The Series was held from February 1 through February 7, featuring the champion teams of the 2012–2013 season in the Dominican Winter League (Leones del Escogido), Mexican Pacific League (Yaquis de Obregón), Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League (Criollos de Caguas), and Venezuelan Professional Baseball League (Navegantes del Magallanes).

The format consisted of twelve games, in a double round-robin format with each team facing each other twice, while the championship game was played between the two best teams of the round robin. All of the games were played at Estadio Sonora in Hermosillo, Mexico.

Diario Libre

Diario Libre is one of the leading newspapers in the Dominican Republic.

Frankenstein's Army

Frankenstein's Army is a 2013 Dutch-American-Czech found footage horror film directed by Richard Raaphorst, written by Chris M. Mitchell and Miguel Tejada-Flores, and starring Karel Roden, Joshua Sasse and Robert Gwilym. In the film, Soviet troops invading Germany encounter undead mechanical soldiers created by a mad scientist descended from Victor Frankenstein.

Houston Astros award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Houston Astros professional baseball team.


Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game is a book by Michael Lewis, published in 2003, about the Oakland Athletics baseball team and its general manager Billy Beane. Its focus is the team's analytical, evidence-based, sabermetric approach to assembling a competitive baseball team despite Oakland's small budget. A film based on the book, starring Brad Pitt and Jonah Hill, was released in 2011.

Moneyball (film)

Moneyball is a 2011 American sports film directed by Bennett Miller and written by Steven Zaillian and Aaron Sorkin. The film is based on Michael Lewis's 2003 nonfiction book of the same name, an account of the Oakland Athletics baseball team's 2002 season and their general manager Billy Beane's attempts to assemble a competitive team.

In the film, Beane (Brad Pitt) and assistant GM Peter Brand (Jonah Hill), faced with the franchise's limited budget for players, build a team of undervalued talent by taking a sophisticated sabermetric approach to scouting and analyzing players. Columbia Pictures bought the rights to Lewis's book in 2004.Moneyball premiered at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival and was released on September 23, 2011 to box office success and critical acclaim. The film was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actor for Pitt and Best Supporting Actor for Hill.

Ramon Henderson

Ramon Gaspar Henderson (born August 18, 1963 in Monción, Dominican Republic) was the bullpen coach Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies from 1998–2008. In 2008, he was assigned a Minor League coaching position with the Rookie Level Clearwater Phillies. At the end of the 2009, he was released from the Phillies organization. However, in November 2012, the Phillies rehired Ramon as a coach for the GCL Phillies. Henderson also played minor league baseball as an infielder in the Phillies organization from 1982 until 1989.

Ramon has become best known, however, for his role in the 2005 and 2006 Major League Baseball All-Star Games, where he pitched to the Home Run Derby champions both years (Phillies outfielder Bobby Abreu and Phillies first baseman Ryan Howard, respectively). His performance in the 2005 Derby led to the well-publicized requests of Boston Red Sox designated hitter David Ortiz and Baltimore Orioles shortstop Miguel Tejada to have Henderson pitch to them as well in the 2006 Derby.

Scott Frost (writer)

Scott Frost is an American screenwriter and novelist. He is the son of actor Warren Frost and the brother of Mark Frost and actress Lindsay Frost. He worked with his brother and David Lynch on the Twin Peaks television series, writing two episodes. He wrote episode 1.4 of the little-seen On the Air television series for Lynch and his brother, although the episode was never aired in the United States. Among others, he has also written an episode of Babylon 5 entitled "The Long Dark", and two episodes of Andromeda. In the early 1990s, he wrote the script for the mystery/thriller TV movie Past Tense with Miguel Tejada-Flores. He again worked with his brother on the 2001 series All Souls.

Screamers (1995 film)

Screamers is a 1995 Canadian-American science fiction horror film starring Peter Weller, Roy Dupuis, and Jennifer Rubin, and directed by Christian Duguay. The screenplay, written by Dan O'Bannon with a rewrite by Miguel Tejada-Flores, is based on Philip K. Dick's short story "Second Variety", and addresses themes commonly found in that author's work: societal conflict, confusion of reality and illusion, and machines turning upon their creators. Although critical reaction to the film was generally negative at the time of its release, it has gained a cult following. A sequel Screamers: The Hunting, was released in 2009, to equally mixed reviews.

Home Run Derby champions


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