Mid Sussex District

Mid Sussex is a local government district in the English county of West Sussex. It contains the towns of East Grinstead, Haywards Heath and Burgess Hill.

The district was created on 1 April 1974 from parts of East Sussex: the urban districts of Cuckfield, Burgess Hill, and East Grinstead and nearly all of Cuckfield Rural, the far north-west of which was transferred to Crawley.

The district borders the Tandridge district of Surrey to the north, Wealden and Lewis districts to the east, and Brighton and Hove to the south, all in East Sussex, and Horsham district to the west and Crawley, northwest, equally in West Sussex.[1]

The Prime Meridian passes through the district, has most headwaters of the River Ouse, Sussex and its largest body of water is Ardingly reservoir which is used by watersports clubs. The north of the area is the High Weald and has sections of Ashdown Forest.

Mid Sussex District
Boundary: Mid Sussex - Lewes
Boundary: Mid Sussex - Lewes
Mid Sussex shown within West Sussex
Mid Sussex shown within West Sussex
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Non-metropolitan countyWest Sussex
StatusNon-metropolitan district
Admin HQHaywards Heath
Incorporated1 April 1974
Government
 • TypeNon-metropolitan district council
 • BodyMid Sussex District Council
 • LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPsNick Herbert
Jeremy Quin
Nicholas Soames
Area
 • Total128.97 sq mi (334.02 km2)
Area rank124th (of 317)
Population
 (mid-2018 est.)
 • Total149,716
 • Rank135th (of 317)
 • Density1,200/sq mi (450/km2)
 • Ethnicity
95.3% White
1.6% S.Asian
1.0% Black
1.2% Mixed Race
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Websitewww.midsussex.gov.uk
Boundary - geograph.org.uk - 683061
Boundary: Mid Sussex - Lewes

Civil parishes

Within the Mid Sussex District are the following civil parishes:[2]

Parish Type Area (Hectare) Population (2001) Pop Density /Hectare
Albourne Parish Council 773 600 0.78
Ardingly Parish Council 1609 1833 1.14
Ashurst Wood Parish Council 251 1771 7.05
Balcombe Parish Council 2105 1765 0.84
Bolney Parish Council 1479 1209 0.82
Burgess Hill Town Council 947 28803 30.42
Cuckfield Parish Council 432 3266 7.57
Cuckfield Rural Parish Council 3869 1574 0.41
East Grinstead Town Council 2443 23942 9.80
Fulking Parish Council 628 250 0.40
Hassocks Parish Council 1088 6821 6.27
Haywards Heath Town Council 975 22800 23.38
Horsted Keynes Parish Council 1581 1507 0.95
Hurstpierpoint and Sayers Common Parish Council 2030 6264 3.09
Lindfield Parish Council 224 5394 24.07
Lindfield Rural Parish Council 1981 2644 1.33
Newtimber Parish Council 695 96 0.14
Poynings Parish Council 666 287 0.43
Pyecombe Parish Council 887 200 0.23
Slaugham Parish Council 2432 2226 0.92
Turners Hill Parish Council 1390 1849 1.33
Twineham Parish Council 784 271 0.35
West Hoathly Parish Council 2139 2121 0.99
Worth Parish Council 1995 9888 4.96
Mid Sussex Total 33403 127381 3.81

History

Population increased substantially in the 19th century, with most of this increase in the most urban areas and leading by its close to urban districts, town-based and rural districts, multi-village-based.

Mid Sussex was first, in 1885, another name for the Lewes constituency when Sussex representation was reformed to nine approximately equal electorate seats.

The first Parliamentary mention of a Mid Sussex body of any sort is in 1907, to the Mid Sussex Joint Water District, an amalgamation of private water companies to provide safe, treated, piped water.[3]

Sussex has been divided into East Sussex and West Sussex for taxation since the late medieval period but this divide changed for the first and most recent time in 1972. Changes were provided for under a 1972 Act, all major proposals debated in outline, and made in detail in its associated Order.

Mid Sussex's change in county was argued under the Redcliffe-Maud Report's Planning Area enhancing a Second Wilson ministry plan with support from locally resident Lords and of the Heath ministry. Under this plan West Sussex gained an irregular swathe of East Sussex as far as East Grinstead in the north and in its initially passed form, Crawley would have gained two parishes in Surrey instead of the Gatwick part of these — mostly reversed due to a local poll, before its 1974 implementation, with the Charlwood and Horley Act 1974. East to West Sussex land re-designation was kept with the stated aim of uniting all areas affected by the projected major Crawley and Gatwick Airport economy under one supervisory local authority.[4]

The decision was controversial but moved through the House of Lords from the despatch box by Lord Belstead, a well-respected Minister in the Lords:

I think it is fair to claim that this was why the South-East Strategic Plan referred to by ... Lord Nugent set up and defined five major growth areas. One of these, called Planning Area No. 6, extends in the area mentioned by the noble Lord from Horley and Charlwood in the North to the Southern boundaries of Horsham and Cuckfield or, taking it from the West, from Horsham Rural District and to Cuckfield, Burgess Hill and East Grinstead in the East. So this planning area spreads into three counties: Surrey, East Sussex and West Sussex.

But as has been said many times this evening, planning means people and it must not be remote from reality. I think for the good of the people living in this area—which has seen and will see such population growth—there are compelling arguments for the continued planning of the area to be conducted by one authority. It is a fact that whenever this area running from Horley through Gatwick down to Crawley has been studied the conclusion has been reached—and this has been mentioned by my noble friend Viscount Mersey and by Lord Lytton—that this Gatwick area within the Planning Area should be looked at as one entity. The need to put Horley, Gatwick and Crawley together was recognised by Redcliffe-Maud, and although the Commission carved off East Surrey from West Surrey-and put Gatwick in the East, as the noble Lord, Lord Garnsworthy, has reminded us, I think it is an answer to...Lord Hanworth, and to my noble friend Lord Reigate, that surely nobody from Surrey would now ask for that to be done to their county. In any event, that solution was overtaken by the South-East Strategic Plan. I must confess that the expression, "Strategic Plan." has a cold and impersonal ring.

...The three county councils of Surrey, East Sussex, and West Sussex have been consulting on a joint advisory committee for this area.[5]

Home ownership

Homes owned by their occupants, with or without a loan, make up more than 85% of Mid Sussex housing. Mid Sussex's residents had the lowest burden of social housing, at 0.5% of housing stock, at the time of the census, a district which is approximately 30 minutes by its fast railway services from the area with the highest such proportion covering London Bridge station, the London Borough of Southwark (having 31.2% social housing) and from a creative and self-declared, progressive authority with 9.8% social housing and 28% of its housing privately rented, Brighton and Hove.

In terms of rented housing Mid Sussex at the 2011 census ranked 216th out of in terms of 327 local authorities in England. The proportion of homes which were rented as investments by non-occupants was higher than several other semi-rural districts of Sussex, with 11.7% of housing stock speculatively acquired in this way or to provide for those unable to obtain mortgage finance and 1.0% was let out to residents on either public or private shared ownership schemes, close to the national average. These figures are those of the 2011 census.[6]

Local politics

Mid Sussex District Council elections are held every four years. The District Council has been under Conservative Party (UK) control since 1999. The 2019 Mid Sussex District Council elections were held on Thursday 2 May, the results were as follows: 34 Conservatives, 13 Liberal Democrats, 3 Greens and 4 Independents.

The parliamentary constituency of Mid Sussex covers most (but not all) of the district, and is held by the Conservative Party. The incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) is Sir Nicholas Soames,[7] the grandson of former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, and a former junior minister in the Government of Sir John Major (1990–97). The southernmost part of the district, including Hassocks and Hurstpierpoint falls within Arundel and South Downs whose MP is Nick Herbert.[8]

See also

  • West Sussex portal

References

  1. ^ Mid Sussex District - location map Archived 11 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine Mid Sussex District Council. Retrieved 2015-01-30
  2. ^ "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2009.
  3. ^ "LOCAL GOVERNMENT PROVISIONAL ORDERS (No. 11) BILL". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 14 May 1907. col. 765–765.
  4. ^ "The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972". www.legislation.gov.uk.
  5. ^ "LOCAL GOVERNMENT BILL". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Lords. 11 September 1972. col. 157–159.
  6. ^ Office for National Statistics 2011 Census Key Statistics: Tenure.
  7. ^ "Rt Hon Sir Nicholas Soames MP". UK Parliament.
  8. ^ "Rt Hon Nick Herbert MP". UK Parliament.

Coordinates: 51°1′14.4″N 0°8′14.38″W / 51.020667°N 0.1373278°W

1999 Mid Sussex District Council election

The 1999 Mid Sussex District Council election took place on 6 May 1999 to elect members of Mid Sussex District Council in West Sussex, England. One third of the council was up for election and the Conservative party gained overall control of the council from no overall control.After the election, the composition of the council was

Conservative 29

Liberal Democrat 21

Labour 2

Independent 2

2015 Mid Sussex District Council election

The 2015 Mid Sussex District Council election took place on 7 May 2015 to elect members of the Mid Sussex District Council in England. It was held on the same day as other local elections.

Ardingly

Ardingly ( AR-ding-lye) is an English village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex district of West Sussex, England. The village is in the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty about 33 miles (53 km) south of London and 33 miles (53 km) east-north-east of the county town of Chichester. The parish covers an area of 3,974 acres (1,608 ha). The 2011 Census recorded a population of 1,936 an increase from 1,833 in 2001.

Bolney

Bolney is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex district of West Sussex, England. It lies 36 miles (58 km) south of London, 11 miles (18 km) north of Brighton, and 27 miles (43 km) east northeast of the county town of Chichester, near the junction of the A23 road with the A272 road. The parish has a land area of 1479.41 hectares (3654 acres). In the 2001 census there were 1209 people living in 455 households of whom 576 were economically active. At the 2011 Census the population had increased to 1,366. Nearby towns include Burgess Hill to the southeast and Haywards Heath to the east.

The majority of the village sits between the A23 to the east, and the A272 to the south and consists of a main north/south road called The Street and towards the top of the village by Top Street, Cherry Lane and Ryecroft cutting east/west. Outside of this area the village extends south of the A272 down Bolney Chapel Road and to the East of the A23 in Crossways. The Bolney crossroads of the A23 and A272 has always been an accident black spot, and even with the building of the A23 flyover the area still has a high level of accidents and incidents on its stretch of the A23

Cecil Potter

Cecil Bertram Potter (born 14 November 1888 in West Hoathly, West Sussex) was a professional manager at Huddersfield Town, Derby County and Hartlepools United.

Huddersfield Town won the First Division three times in 1923–24, 1924–25 and 1925–26. The first two were won under the management of Herbert Chapman but the third title was won under Potter in 1926.

Copthorne, West Sussex

Copthorne is a village in the Mid Sussex district of West Sussex, England. It lies close to Gatwick Airport, 25.5 miles (41 km) south of London, 21.5 miles (35 km) north of Brighton, and 36 miles (58 km) northeast of the county town of Chichester. Nearby towns include Crawley to the southwest and East Grinstead to the east. It is the most northerly ecclesiastical parish in the Diocese of Chichester in the Church of England, and together with Crawley Down makes up the civil parish of Worth.

Crawley Down

Crawley Down is a village in the Mid Sussex district of West Sussex, England. There is one church, one school, and a number of social groups. It lies seven miles from Gatwick Airport. Nearest railway stations are Three Bridges and East Grinstead. Crawley Down lies in the northeast corner of West Sussex, just one mile from the border with Surrey.

Crawley Down has a King George's Field in memorial to King George V.

Fulking

Fulking is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. It is located on the north slopes of the South Downs, five miles (8 km) to the north-west of Brighton. The civil parish covers an area of 628.31 hectares (1,552.6 acres).

There is a country pub just outside the village, the "Shepherd and Dog" and beside it a spring, where the constant flow of water from the chalk strata gives rise to a small stream. Travelling uphill from the stream there is a public tap and horsetrough at the beginning of the street, with a tiled inscription from a psalm in honour of John Ruskin.

Handcross

Handcross is a village in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. It lies on the A23 road 4.2 miles (6.8 kilometres) south of Crawley. At the 2011 Census the population fell within the civil parish of Slaugham.

Nymans Garden, 30 acres (12 hectares) of parklands run by the National Trust, is located adjacent to the High Street, as are 20 acres (8 ha) of woodland and water gardens at High Beeches Garden.Handcross has two public houses, The Red Lion (High Street), which was refurbished in 2010 in contemporary style, and The Royal Oak (Horsham Road), which is a more traditional "English" pub, offering home cooked food and cask ales. Handcross also boasts a Social club, serving the community.

Handcross Primary School, situated at the northern end of the village recently underwent extensive building works to increase capacity. Opposite the primary school is Handcross Park School, an independent prep school.

Haywards Heath

Haywards Heath is a town in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, within the historic county of Sussex, England. It lies 36 miles (58 km) south of London, 14 miles (23 km) north of Brighton, 13 miles (21 km) south of Gatwick Airport and 31 miles (50 km) east northeast of the county town of Chichester. Nearby towns include Burgess Hill to the southwest, Horsham to the northwest, Crawley north-northwest and East Grinstead north-northeast. Being a commuter town with only a relatively small number of jobs available in the immediate vicinity, mostly in the agricultural or service sector, many of the residents commute daily via road or rail to London, Brighton, Crawley or Gatwick for work.

Hickstead, West Sussex

Hickstead is a hamlet in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. It lies on the A23 road 2.7 miles (4.4 km) west of Burgess Hill. It is in the civil parish of Twineham.

The hamlet is famous as the location of the All England Jumping Course at Hickstead, a short distance to the south.

Horsted Keynes

Horsted Keynes is a village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. The village is about 5 miles (8 km) north east of Haywards Heath, in the Weald. The civil parish is largely rural, covering 1,581 hectares (3,910 acres), and has a population of 1,586 (2011 census) (increased from 1,507 in 2001). The Prime Meridian passes about 1 mile to the east of the village of Horsted Keynes.

Mid Sussex District Council elections

Mid Sussex District Council is elected every four years.

Newtimber

Newtimber is a small village and civil parish in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. It is located north-west of Brighton, and is named after Newtimber Place; the parish also includes the hamlet of Saddlescombe. It covers an area of 695 hectares (1,720 acres). At the 2011 Census the population was included in the civil parish of Poynings.

Scaynes Hill

Scaynes Hill is a village in the civil parish of Lindfield Rural in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. It lies on the A272 road 2.2 miles (3.5 km) east of Haywards Heath.

Sharpthorne

Sharpthorne is a village in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, South-East England. It lies on the West Hoathly to Forest Row road 3.8 miles (6.2 km) south of East Grinstead.

The Bluebell Railway runs through a 731 yards (668 m) long tunnel underneath the village, the longest on a preserved Standard Railway put-together.

Walstead

Walstead is a hamlet located one and a half kilometres (one mile) south east of Lindfield, West Sussex, England. The hamlet is the home of Great Walstead School, Paxhill Park Golf Course and a nursing home at Walstead Place, a country house built in 1852.

Warninglid

Warninglid (historically known as Warninglyth and Warningeld) is a small village in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, England. It lies on the B2115 road 5.5 miles (8.9 km) west of Haywards Heath. The name Warninglid is believed to originate from two words, Werna and Gelad (meaning "Werna's Path".) It is in the civil parish of Slaugham.

At the centre of the village is a crossroads, and there sits the Half Moon public house. A nearby village - Handcross - provides the post office and convenience store for the locals. Over the last quarter century the village has won the Best-Kept Village competition three times.There is one school serving Warninglid, namely Warninglid Primary School. The school teaches 60 students and is led by Headteacher Marion West.

Worth, West Sussex

Worth is a civil parish in the borough of Crawley and Mid Sussex district of West Sussex, a county in southeast England. It includes the villages of Copthorne and Crawley Down, and covers an area of 1,995 hectares (4,930 acres). The population at the time of the 2001 census was 9,888. At the 2011 Census the population of the civil parish had increased to 10,378. The ecclesiastical parish was one of the larger West Sussex parishes, encompassing the entire area along the West Sussex/Surrey border between the town of Crawley, east of its High Street, and East Grinstead. The creation of Turners Hill civil parish meant that Worth parish is now only one-third of its original size.

Worth Park House, a large country house, once stood on the Milton Mount housing estate, now part of Pound Hill, Crawley. The house was home to Sir Joseph Montefiore and his family. The gardens have recently been restored.

Worth Abbey, an English Benedictine monastery, and Worth School are both located in the parish.

Settlements in the Mid Sussex district of West Sussex
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