Microsoft Redmond campus

The Microsoft campus is the informal name of Microsoft's corporate headquarters, located in Redmond, Washington, a suburb of Seattle. Microsoft initially moved onto the grounds of the campus on February 26, 1986, weeks before the company went public on March 13. The headquarters has experienced multiple expansions since its establishment.

It is estimated to encompass over 8 million square feet (740,000 m2) of office space and 30,000–40,000 employees.[2] Additional offices on the Eastside area of the Seattle metropolitan area are located in Bellevue and Issaquah. Building 92 on the campus contains a visitor center (with interactive exhibits) and store that are open to the public.[3]

Microsoft campus
Sign bearing the name "Microsoft"
Building 92, home of the Microsoft Visitor Center
LocationRedmond, Washington
Coordinates47°38′31″N 122°07′38″W / 47.64194°N 122.12722°WCoordinates: 47°38′31″N 122°07′38″W / 47.64194°N 122.12722°W
Area502 acres (203 ha)[1]


Microsoft chose to move its headquarters from Bellevue to nearby Redmond in January 1985, selecting a 29-acre (12 ha) plot of land that would be developed by Wright Runstad & Company.[4] Construction began on August 9, and Microsoft moved into the $25 million facility on February 26, 1986, several weeks before the company's initial public offering.[5][6] The move generated some concerns about increased traffic congestion on the unfinished State Route 520 freeway between Bellevue and Redmond;[7] a new freeway interchange at Northeast 40th Street would later be built in 2000 to service the campus, after lobbying and partial funding from Microsoft.[8][9]

The initial campus was on a 30-acre (12 ha) lot with six buildings, and was able to accommodate 800 employees but eventually grew to 1,400 by 1988.[10] The site was once home to chicken farms in the 1920s that were later demolished.[11] The campus was originally leased to Microsoft from the Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association, a pension fund manager, until it was bought back in 1992.[12] The original buildings were given sequential numbers, with the exception of 7 due to a delay in permitting that was instead delayed indefinitely.[11] A pond between the original buildings was nicknamed "Lake Bill" for Bill Gates and was used for post-project celebrations, namely managers being thrown in after a successful launch.[11]

The first major expansion of the campus came in 1992, bringing the total amount of office space to 1.7 million square feet (160,000 m2) on 260 acres (110 ha) of land. Microsoft also announced its intention to contain most of its future growth within Redmond, while retaining some offices in Downtown Bellevue and Factoria.[13] The Redmond campus was plagued by hundreds of rabbits who spread around the area in the late 1990s.[14]

In January 2006, Microsoft announced the purchase of Safeco's Redmond campus after the company had begun consolidating its offices at the Safeco Tower in Seattle's University District a year earlier.[15] In February 2006, Microsoft announced that it intended to expand its Redmond campus by 1,100,000 square feet (100,000 m2) at a cost of $1 billion and said that this would create space for between 7,000 and 15,000 new employees over the following three years.[16]

In 2009, a shopping mall called "The Commons" was completed on the campus, bringing 1.4 million square feet (130,000 m2) of retail space, as well as restaurants, a soccer field and pub to the West Campus.[17]

Latest expansion

The Seattle Times reported in early September 2015 that Microsoft had hired architecture firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill to begin a multibillion-dollar redesign of the Redmond campus, using an additional 1.4 million square feet (130,000 m2) allowed by an agreement with the City of Redmond.[1] The City of Redmond had also approved a rezone in February 2015 to raise the height limit for buildings on the campus from 6 stories to 10.[18]

In November 2017, Microsoft announced plans to demolish 12 buildings on the older East Campus and replace them with 18 new buildings, adding 2.5 million square feet (230×103 m2) to house 8,000 additional employees. The newer buildings would be arranged like an urban neighborhood, centered around a 2-acre (0.81 ha) open space with sports fields, retail space, and hiking trails. The program, scheduled to be completed by 2023, will raise the total number of buildings on the campus to 131.[19][20][21] A digital recreation of the future campus was made available in Minecraft Education Edition in November 2018.[22] Demolition of the original buildings, including several X-shaped offices built in the 1980s, began in January 2019.[23][24]


The campus is located on both sides of the State Route 520 freeway, which connects it to the cities of Bellevue and Seattle as well as the Redmond city center. Microsoft paid part of the cost for an overpass over the freeway at NE 36th Street to relieve congestion on other cross-streets in the area.[25]

The campus is served by buses to Seattle and some Eastside cities at the Overlake Transit Center, operated by Sound Transit and King County Metro. The RapidRide B Line also runs through the campus, connecting to downtown Bellevue and Redmond.[26] The transit center opened in 2002 and will be the eastern terminus of the East Link light rail extension, scheduled to open in 2023.[27][28] Microsoft partnered with Sound Transit and the City of Redmond to fund a pedestrian bridge connecting the light rail station to both sides of its campus to open in 2020, providing $33.3 million of the cost.[29][30]

For employees, Microsoft also operates a commuter bus service called "The Connector" that provides non-stop service to neighborhoods in Seattle, the Eastside, and Snohomish County from the Redmond campus.[31] The shuttles, which began operating in 2007, were targeted in early 2014 as a symbol of gentrification in similar fashion to the San Francisco tech bus protests that same year.[32][33][34]

The company also runs a shuttle bus service, named the "Shuttle Connect", between buildings on the campus.[35]


  1. ^ a b Yu, Hui-yong; Bass, Dina (September 4, 2015). "Microsoft considers multibillion-dollar overhaul to Redmond campus". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 8, 2015.
  2. ^ "Facts About Microsoft". Microsoft. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Microsoft Corp. to move its headquarters to Redmond". The Seattle Times. January 15, 1985. p. B2.
  5. ^ Buck, Richard (March 9, 1986). "Computer Memory Explored Conference reveals just how many are interested in the technology". The Seattle Times. p. D6.
  6. ^ Summerford, Tina (April 16, 2009). "The History of Microsoft - 1985". Channel 9. Microsoft. Retrieved July 11, 2016.
  7. ^ Casey, Carolyn (November 28, 1984). "Firm appears headed for site in Redmond". The Seattle Times. p. F1.
  8. ^ Whitely, Peyton (October 5, 2000). "Hwy. 520 ramps expected to ease Redmond commute". The Seattle Times. p. B1.
  9. ^ Ervin, Keith (March 7, 1996). "And now...the Microsoft Inerchange: Company uses clout to determine 520 exit". The Seattle Times. p. B1.
  10. ^ Lalonde, James E. (January 28, 1988). "Microsoft deals with pressure: Heavy demand, not enough room". The Seattle Times. p. E2.
  11. ^ a b c Lerman, Rachel (November 30, 2017). "Microsoft's campus redevelopment: What's staying, what's being torn down". The Seattle Times. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  12. ^ Williams, Scott (January 8, 1992). "4 original headquarters buildings and land repurchased by Microsoft". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  13. ^ "Microsoft will not expand beyond Redmond campus". The Seattle Times. December 2, 1992. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  14. ^ "Bunny roundup completed". Kitsap Sun. Associated Press. April 3, 1999. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  15. ^ Bishop, Todd (January 19, 2006). "Microsoft makes a deal for Safeco's Redmond campus". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved January 15, 2008.
  16. ^ Dudley, Brier (February 9, 2006). "Microsoft speeding up plans for huge campus redevelopment". The Seattle Times. Retrieved January 15, 2008.
  17. ^ Chan, Sharon Pian (April 20, 2009). "Microsoft workers get their very own mall, The Commons, on corporate campus". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  18. ^ Day, Matt (December 28, 2015). "Microsoft's next Redmond expansion expected to go vertical". The Seattle Times. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  19. ^ Jenkins, Aric (November 29, 2017). "Microsoft Will Demolish Its Campus to Build a Mini-City". Fortune. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  20. ^ Wingfield, Nick (November 29, 2017). "Microsoft to Expand Campus, as Amazon Looks Elsewhere". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  21. ^ Bass, Dina (November 28, 2017). "Microsoft Plans Multibillion-Dollar Campus Overhaul, Adding Open Spaces". Bloomberg News. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  22. ^ Novet, Jordan (November 6, 2018). "Microsoft employees can use Minecraft to see how the company's upgraded campus will look". CNBC. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  23. ^ Lerman, Rachel (November 10, 2018). "Microsoft alumni play one last game of hallway putt-putt before demolition". The Seattle Times. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  24. ^ Novet, Jordan (January 8, 2019). "Microsoft begins demolishing buildings in Redmond campus remodel". CNBC. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  25. ^ "Stimulus money goes for a bridge to Microsoft". The Seattle Times. March 14, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  26. ^ "Overlake Transit Center Boarding Locations". King County Metro. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  27. ^ Lindblom, Mike; Brooks, Diane (February 2, 2002). "Modern transit centers for riders in Everett, Redmond to debut Monday". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  28. ^ "Sound Transit kicks off East Link light rail construction" (Press release). Sound Transit. April 22, 2016. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  29. ^ Ervin, Keith (November 26, 2013). "Microsoft pitches in on bridge over Overlake Transit Center". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  30. ^ "City of Redmond, Sound Transit team up for new pedestrian-bicycle bridge" (Press release). Sound Transit. August 28, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  31. ^ "The Connector Fact Sheet". Microsoft. September 6, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  32. ^ Bishop, Todd (February 10, 2014). "Activists block Microsoft shuttles in Seattle, in anti-gentrification protest". GeekWire. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  33. ^ Grande, Alison (February 10, 2014). "Microsoft Connector shuttles targeted by protestors". KIRO-TV. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  34. ^ Wingfield, Nick (February 10, 2014). "Seattle Gets Its Own Tech Bus Protest". The New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  35. ^ "Fostering Alternative Ways to Commute at Microsoft". Microsoft. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. Retrieved July 21, 2015.

External links

Asha Bhat

Asha Bhat (born September 5, 1992) is an Indian model, engineer and beauty pageant titleholder from Karnataka. She won the Miss Supranational pageant of the year 2014 and became the first Indian to win the said pageant.

Bing Audio

Bing Audio (also known as Bing Music) is a music recognition application created by Microsoft which is installed on Windows Phones running version 7.5 and above, including Windows Phone 8. On Windows Phone 8.1, and in regions where the Microsoft Cortana voice assistant is available, Bing Music is integrated with Cortana and the music search history is a part of Cortana's "Notebook". The service is only designed to recognize recorded songs, not live performances or humming. Xbox Music Pass subscribers can immediately add the songs to their playlists. A unique feature compared to similar services is that Bing Audio continuously listens and analyzes music while most other services can only listen for a fixed amount of time. Bing Research developed a fingerprinting algorithm to identify songs.On March 30, 2016 Microsoft announced that they'll create bots based on Bing features in Skype of which Bing Music was one.

Bing Vision

Bing Vision is an image recognition application created by Microsoft which is installed on Windows Phones running version 7.5 and above, including Windows Phone 8. It is a part of the Bing Mobile suite of services, and on most devices can be accessed using the search button. On Windows Phone 8.1 devices where Microsoft Cortana is available, it is only available through the lenses of the Camera app (as the search button now activates Cortana). Bing Vision can scan barcodes, QR codes, Microsoft Tags, books, CDs, and DVDs. Books, CDs, and DVDs are offered through Bing Shopping.

Development of Windows XP

Development of Windows XP started on February 5, 1999 in the form of Windows Neptune. Neptune was originally going to be the successor of Windows Me, though based on the NT kernel. Microsoft merged the teams working on Neptune with that of Windows Odyssey, Windows 2000's successor, in early 2000. The resulting project, codenamed "Whistler", went on to become Windows XP.Development work on Windows XP was completed in August 2001, and the operating system was released on October 25 of that year.


Microsoft Encarta was a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation from 1993 to 2009. Originally sold on CD-ROM or DVD, it was also later available on the World Wide Web via an annual subscription – although later many articles could also be viewed free online with advertisements. By 2008, the complete English version, Encarta Premium, consisted of more than 62,000 articles, numerous photos and illustrations, music clips, videos, interactive content, timelines, maps, atlases and homework tools.

Microsoft published similar encyclopedias under the Encarta trademark in various languages, including German, French, Spanish, Dutch, Italian, Portuguese and Japanese. Localized versions contained contents licensed from national sources and more or less content than the full English version. For example, the Dutch version had content from the Dutch Winkler Prins encyclopedia.

In March 2009, Microsoft announced it was discontinuing both the Encarta disc and online versions. The MSN Encarta site was closed on October 31, 2009 in all countries except Japan, where it was closed on December 31, 2009. Microsoft continued to operate the Encarta online dictionary until 2011.

High Capacity Color Barcode

High Capacity Color Barcode (HCCB) is a technology developed by Microsoft for encoding data in a 2D "barcode" using clusters of colored triangles instead of the square pixels conventionally associated with 2D barcodes or QR codes. Data density is increased by using a palette of 4 or 8 colors for the triangles, although HCCB also permits the use of black and white when necessary. It has been licensed by the ISAN International Agency for use in its International Standard Audiovisual Number standard, and serves as the basis for the Microsoft Tag mobile tagging application.

The technology was created by Gavin Jancke, an engineering director at Microsoft Research. Quoted by BBC News in 2007, he said that HCCB was not intended to replace conventional barcodes. "'It's more of a 'partner' barcode', he said. 'The UPC barcodes will always be there. Ours is more of a niche barcode where you want to put a lot of information in a small space.'"


ICONICS is an industrial automation provider. ICONICS software is used by many industries such as Automotive, Transportation, Building Control, Security, Food, Pharmaceutical, Machine Building, Oil, Gas, Petrochemical, Water and Wastewater, Renewable Energy and Manufacturing.

Lake Washington School District

The Lake Washington School District #414 is a public school district in King County, Washington, in suburbs east of Seattle. As of 2018 it is the fourth-largest school district in Washington. It serves the region to the east of Lake Washington, one of the wealthiest in the Puget Sound area. The district serves the communities of Kirkland, Redmond, north Sammamish, and southern parts of Bothell and Woodinville.

In October 2018, the district had a student enrollment of 29,987.

Marymoor Park

Marymoor Park, located on the north end of Lake Sammamish in Redmond, Washington, is King County's largest, oldest, and most popular park, with more than 3 million annual visitors coming to roam its 640 acres (2.6 km2). Among recreational activities available are various sports facilities, rock climbing, a 40-acre off-leash dog park and a velodrome. It is also one end of the Sammamish River Trail, a biking and walking trail. In addition, a radio control aircraft flying field and a pet memorial garden are within the park's boundaries.

The historic Willowmoor farm and Clise Mansion lie at the western edge of the park, along the Sammamish River. The farm and mansion were created in the early 1900s by James Clise, a banker. The landscaping was designed by the Olmsted Brothers. The mansion is on the National Register of Historic Places.Ralph Dodd and two of his brothers, Dean & Lloyd Dodd were partners with Walter Nettleton in operating a large dairy farm at Willowmoor farm from 1930 - 1964. The brothers renamed the farm Marymoor in honor of Walter's young daughter, Mary Nettleton, who died in a bicycle accident. Although all 6 of Ralph Dodd's brothers were happily married, Ralph remained single. Ralph considered the children of Bellevue's Kemper Freeman to be his family, having lived at Marymoor when the Freeman's resided there.

The park is home to a summer concert series known as Concerts at Marymoor, produced by AEG Live, which invites popular artists every year. The park also hosts movies at Marymoor every summer.At the western end of the park, 2.1 acres are used by the Marymoor Community Gardener's Association, one of the oldest public gardens in the country.In February 2003, King County added a one dollar parking fee to offset budget reductions.


Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge Web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers. As of 2016, it is the world's largest software maker by revenue, and one of the world's most valuable companies. The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software". Microsoft is ranked No. 30 in the 2018 Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. The company's 1986 initial public offering (IPO), and subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.As of 2015, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android. The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, servers, etc. including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).

Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy. This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division. Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999.In 2018, Microsoft surpassed Apple Inc. as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world after being dethroned by the tech giant in 2010 and in April 2019, Microsoft became the third U.S. public company to be valued at over $1 trillion after Apple and Amazon respectively, reached the trillion-dollar market cap in 2018.

Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit

The Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit (DCU) is a Microsoft sponsored team of international legal and internet security experts employing the latest tools and technologies to stop or interfere with cyber crime and cyber threats. The Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit was assembled in 2008. Shortly after in 2013 a Cybercrime center for the DCU was opened in Redmond, Washington. There are about 100 members of the DCU stationed just in Redmond, Washington at the original Cybercrime Center. Members of the DCU include lawyers, data scientists, investigators, forensic analysts, and engineers. The DCU has international offices located in major cities such as: Beijing, Berlin, Bogota, Delhi, Dublin, Hong Kong, Sydney, and Washington, D.C. The DCU's main focuses are child protection, copyright infringement and malware crimes. The DCU must work closely with law enforcement to ensure the perpetrators are punished to the full extent of the law. The DCU has taken down many major botnets such as the Citadel, Rustock, and Zeus. Around the world malware has cost users about $113 billion and the DCU's jobs is to shut them down in accordance with the law.

Microsoft Research

Microsoft Research is the research subsidiary of Microsoft. It was formed in 1991, with the intent to advance state-of-the-art computing and solve difficult world problems through technological innovation in collaboration with academic, government, and industry researchers. The Microsoft Research team employs more than 1,000 computer scientists, physicists, engineers, and mathematicians, including Turing Award winners, Fields Medal winners, MacArthur Fellows, and Dijkstra Prize winners.

Between 2010 and 2018, 154,000 AI patents were filed worldwide, with Microsoft having by far the largest percentage of those patents, at 20%.

Microsoft Student

Microsoft Student is a discontinued application from Microsoft designed to help students in schoolwork and homework. It included Encarta, as well as several student-exclusive tools such as additional Microsoft Office templates (called Learning Essentials) and integration with other Microsoft applications, like Microsoft Word. An example of that is data citations, Encarta dictionary and research Encarta features, which are available in a toolbar in Word.

The product also included Microsoft Math, language and literature resources (book summaries), and research tools (such as access to an online version of Encarta). Student 2006 was the first version of the product and a new version was produced by Microsoft every year until 2009.

Microsoft announced in March 2009 that they will cease to sell Microsoft Student and all editions of the Encarta encyclopedia by June 2009, citing changes in the way people seek information and in the traditional encyclopedia and reference material market as the key reasons behind the termination. Encarta's closing is widely attributed to competition from the larger online encyclopedia Wikipedia.

Microsoft Teams

Microsoft Teams is a unified communications platform that combines persistent workplace chat, video meetings, file storage (including collaboration on files), and application integration. The service integrates with the company's Office 365 subscription office productivity suite and features extensions that can integrate with non-Microsoft products. Microsoft Teams is a competitor to services such as Slack and is the evolution and upgrade path from Microsoft Skype for Business.

Microsoft announced Teams at an event in New York, and launched the service worldwide on 14 March 2017. It was created, and is currently led, by Brian MacDonald, Corporate Vice President at Microsoft.

Overlake Transit Center

Overlake Transit Center is a bus station and proposed light rail station in Redmond, Washington. The current bus station opened in 2002 and is located on the Microsoft Redmond Campus; it is served by Sound Transit Express and King County Metro.

In 2023, it will become the eastern terminus of the Sound Transit East Link light rail line and be renamed to Redmond Technology Center station.

Satya Nadella

Satya Narayana Nadella (; born 19 August 1967) is an Indian American business executive. He currently serves as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Microsoft, succeeding Steve Ballmer in 2014. Before becoming chief executive, he was Executive Vice President of Microsoft's Cloud and Enterprise Group, responsible for building and running the company's computing platforms.

Surface Studio

The Surface Studio is an all-in-one PC, designed and produced by Microsoft as part of its Surface series of Windows-based personal computing devices. It was announced at the Windows 10 Devices Event on October 26, 2016, with pre-orders beginning that day.The first desktop computer to be manufactured entirely by Microsoft, the Surface Studio uses the Windows 10 operating system with the Anniversary Update preinstalled. However, it is optimized for the Windows 10 Creators Update, which was released on April 11, 2017. The product, starting at $2,999, is aimed primarily at people in creative professions such as graphic artists and designers.

The Bear Creek School

The Bear Creek School is a preschool through grade twelve private school in Redmond, Washington. Educating around 750 students, the school is a non-denominational Christian religious school, focusing on college preparation. It was established in 1988. The head of school is Patrick Carruth.

The Overlake School

The Overlake School is a 5-12 private, non-sectarian, co-educational, college preparatory school in Redmond, Washington, United States that was founded in 1967 by Charles Clarke.

Primary and secondary schools
Other education

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.