Michael Tilson Thomas

Michael Tilson Thomas (born December 21, 1944) is an American conductor, pianist and composer. He is currently music director of the San Francisco Symphony, and artistic director of the New World Symphony, an American orchestral academy based in Miami Beach, Florida.

MTTKeepingScore
Tilson Thomas filming Keeping Score in 2008 (Photo by Stefan Cohen)

Biography

Tilson Thomas was born in Los Angeles, California, to Ted and Roberta Thomas, a Broadway stage manager and a middle school history teacher respectively. He is the grandson of noted Yiddish theater stars Boris and Bessie Thomashefsky, who performed in the Yiddish Theater District in Manhattan. The family talent goes back to Tilson Thomas's great-grandfather, Pincus, an actor and playwright, and before that to a long line of cantors; his father, Theodor Herzl Tomashefsky, was a poet and painter. He was an only child and a prodigy.[1] Tilson Thomas studied piano with John Crown and composition and conducting under Ingolf Dahl at the University of Southern California. As a student of Friedelind Wagner, Tilson Thomas was a Musical Assistant and Assistant Conductor at the Bayreuth Festival.

Tilson Thomas is openly gay and lives in San Francisco with his partner of thirty years, Joshua Robison.[2][3][4] The couple married on November 2, 2014.[5]

Career

Tilson Thomas has conducted a wide variety of music and is a particular champion of modern American works. He is also renowned for his interpretation of the works of Gustav Mahler; he has recorded all nine Mahler symphonies and other major orchestral works with the San Francisco Symphony. These recordings have been released on the high-resolution audio format Super Audio CD on the San Francisco Symphony's own recording label. Tilson Thomas is also known as a premier interpreter of the works of Aaron Copland, Charles Ives, and Steve Reich.

A sampling of Tilson Thomas's own compositions include From the Diary of Anne Frank (1990),[6] Shówa/Shoáh (1995, memorializing the fiftieth anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima),[7] Poems of Emily Dickinson (2002)[8] and Urban Legend (2002).[9]

Tilson Thomas has also been devoted to music education. He leads a series of education programs titled Keeping Score which offers insight into the lives and works of great composers, and led a series of Young People's Concerts with the New York Philharmonic. Tilson Thomas founded the New World Symphony in Miami in 1987. Most recently, Tilson Thomas has led two incarnations of the YouTube Symphony Orchestra, which brings young musicians from around the world together for a week of music making and learning.

Presently, Tilson Thomas is connecting tangibly with his past. He is president of the Tomashefsky Project, a $2 million undertaking formed in 2017 that will record and preserve his grandparents' theatrical achievements. "There are 2,000 to 3,000 documents out there on Boris and Bessie and Yiddish theater" says Linda Steinberg, founding executive director of the project. In the New York Public Library alone there are 700 - and nobody's looked at them." Other major collections are in the library of Congress and the University of California at Berkeley, Harvard, Stanford and Brandeis. These include original manuscripts, plays, sheet music, posters, playbills, photographs, as well as costumes and props"

Boston, Buffalo, New York, Los Angeles

From 1968 to 1994, Tilson Thomas was the Music Director of the Ojai Music Festival seven different times. After winning the Koussevitzky Prize at Tanglewood in 1969, Tilson Thomas was named Assistant Conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. That same year, he made his conducting debut with the Boston Symphony Orchestra, replacing an unwell William Steinberg mid-concert and thereby coming into international recognition at the age of 24. He stayed with the Boston Symphony as an assistant conductor until 1974 and made several recordings with the orchestra for Deutsche Grammophon. He was music director of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra from 1971 to 1979, and recorded for Columbia Records with the orchestra.[10] Between 1971 and 1977, he also conducted the series of Young People's Concerts with the New York Philharmonic. From 1981 to 1985, he was principal guest conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra. During a performance of Mahler's Eighth Symphony at the Hollywood Bowl, a helicopter flew over the venue, disrupting the concert. This is when Tilson Thomas famously stormed offstage in the middle of the performance. In 2007, he returned to the Hollywood Bowl leading the Los Angeles Philharmonic again in Mahler 8, announcing jokingly, "Now where were we?". He returned in 2013 with Mahler's Second Symphony, when another helicopter flew over the venue. Tilson Thomas stopped the orchestra, but then resumed the performance.

New World and London

In 1987, Tilson Thomas founded the New World Symphony in Miami Beach, Florida, an orchestral academy for gifted young musicians whose stated mission is "to prepare highly-gifted graduates of distinguished music programs for leadership roles in orchestras and ensembles around the world."[11] He is currently the academy's artistic director. He played an instrumental role in the development of the Frank Gehry-designed New World Center in Miami Beach, which opened in 2011.[12] (The two had personal history, with Gehry sometimes having baby-sat for Tilson Thomas back when both were growing up in Los Angeles.[12])

From 1988 to 1995, Tilson Thomas was principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), and recorded with them for such labels as Columbia (now Sony Classical), including the Symphony No 3 of Mahler. From 1995, he held the title of principal guest conductor with the LSO, and became conductor laureate in 2016.

San Francisco and on

Tilson Thomas became the San Francisco Symphony's 11th Music Director in 1995. He originally made his debut with the orchestra in January 1974 conducting Mahler's Symphony No. 9. During his first season with the San Francisco Symphony, Tilson Thomas included a work by an American composer on nearly every one of his programs, including the first performances ever by the orchestra of music by Lou Harrison, and culminated with "An American Festival," a two-week focus on American music.[13] In June 2000, Michael Tilson Thomas and the San Francisco Symphony presented a landmark 12-concert American Mavericks Festival, recognizing the innovative works of 20th century American composers. Additional season-ending festivals in Davies Symphony Hall have included explorations of the music of Wagner, Prokofiev, Mahler, Stravinsky, Beethoven and Weill, including semi-staged productions of Rimsky-Korsakov's opera-ballet Mlada, Beethoven's Fidelio, and Wagner's The Flying Dutchman. During his tenure, the orchestra began to issue recordings on its own SFS Media label. In October 2017, the orchestra announced that Tilson Thomas is to conclude his tenure as its music director at the close of the 2019-2020 season, and subsequently to take the title of music director laureate.[14][13]

In April 2005, he conducted the Carnegie Hall premiere of The Thomashefskys: Music and Memories of a Life in the Yiddish Theater, partly as a tribute to his own grandparents.[15] Other American orchestras have since performed this production, including the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, LA Philharmonic, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, New World Symphony and San Francisco Symphony. It has also been recorded for future broadcast on PBS.[16]

Tilson Thomas joined up with YouTube in 2009 to help create the YouTube Symphony Orchestra, an orchestra whose members were selected from 30 countries based on more than 3,000 video auditions on YouTube. The Orchestra, as well as such soloists as Mason Bates, Measha Brueggergosman, Joshua Roman, Gil Shaham, Yuja Wang, Jess Larsen, Charlie Liu, and Derek Wang, participated in a classical music summit in New York City at the Juilliard School over three days. The event culminated in a live concert at Carnegie Hall on Wednesday, April 15. The concert was later made available on YouTube.[17] On March 20, 2011 Tilson Thomas also conducted the "YTSO2" (YouTube Symphony Orchestra 2) in Sydney Australia.[18]

Film and television

His first television appearances were in the CBS Young People's Concerts with the New York Philharmonic, airing from 1971–1977.[19] He has also made regular appearances on PBS, with broadcasts featuring Tilson Thomas airing from 1972 through 2008. Eight episodes of WNET's Great Performances series have featured Tilson Thomas. He has also been featured on Japan's NHK and the UK's BBC many times in the last three decades.

In 1976, Tilson Thomas appeared alongside Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck in a prime-time special, Bugs and Daffy's Carnival of the Animals, a combined live action/animated broadcast of The Carnival of the Animals by Saint-Saëns.[20]

In 2011 he hosted a concert stage show celebrating his grandparents and the music of American Yiddish theatre The Thomashefskys: Music and Memories of a Life in the Yiddish Theater, which aired in 2012 on the PBS series "Great Performances." [21]

Tilson Thomas hosts the Keeping Score television series, nine one-hour documentary-style episodes and eight live-concert programs, which began airing nationally on PBS stations in early November 2006. He and the San Francisco Symphony have examined the lives and music of Gustav Mahler, Dmitri Shostakovich, Charles Ives, Hector Berlioz, Aaron Copland, Igor Stravinsky, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, and Ludwig van Beethoven.

Keeping Score discography
  • Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony – 2004
  • Beethoven's Eroica – 2006
  • Copland and the American Sound – 2006
  • Stravinsky's Rite of Spring – 2006
  • Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique – 2009
  • Shostakovich's Symphony No. 5 – 2009
  • Ives' Holiday Symphony – 2009
  • Mahler: Origins and Legacy – 2011

Partial discography

Tilson Thomas has made more than 120 recordings, including works by Bach, Mahler, Beethoven, Prokofiev and Stravinsky as well as his pioneering work with the music of Charles Ives, Carl Ruggles, Steve Reich, John Cage, Ingolf Dahl, Morton Feldman, George Gershwin, John McLaughlin and Elvis Costello. He recently finished recording the complete orchestral works of Gustav Mahler with the San Francisco Symphony.

Year Orchestra Composer Work (and soloists, if any) Label
1991 London Symphony Orchestra Adam Music from "Giselle" Sony
1990 London Symphony Orchestra, Ambrosian Singers Beethoven Late Choral Music CBS Masterworks
1986 Orchestra of St. Luke's Beethoven Symphony No. 3
Contredanses for Orchestra, WoO 14
CBS Masterworks
2010 San Francisco Symphony Beethoven Symphony No. 5
Piano Concerto No. 4 (Ax)
SFS Media
1999 English Chamber Orchestra Beethoven Symphony No. 6, "Pastorale" Sony Classical
1993 London Symphony Orchestra, London Voices Bernstein On the Town (Daly, von Stade, Lear, Laine, McLaughlin, Hampson, Garrison, Ollmann, Ramey) Deutsche Grammophon
1991 London Symphony Orchestra Brahms Serenade No. 1
Tragic Overture
Academic Festival Overture
Sony Classical
1992 London Symphony Orchestra Brahms Serenade No. 2 / Haydn
Variations / Hungarian
Dances – selections
Sony Classical
2002 Stravinsky
Cage
Reich
The Rite of Spring
Three Dances
Four Organs
Angel Records
1996 San Francisco Symphony Copland Concerto for Piano and Orchestra
Orchestra Variations
Short Symphony
Symphonic Ode (with Garrick Ohlsson)
RCA Victor Red Seal
1972 Boston Symphony Orchestra Debussy Images
Prélude À L'Après-Midi D'Un Faune
Deutsche Grammophon
1993 London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus Debussy Le martyre de St. Sebastien (with McNair, Murray, Stutzman, Caron) Sony Classical
2007 Boston Symphony Orchestra Chamber Players Debussy Sonata No. 1 for Cello and Piano (Eskin, Tilson Thomas)
Sonata No. 2 for Flute, Viola and Harp (Dwyer, Fine, Hobson)
Violin Sonata (Silverstein, Tilson Thomas)
Deutsche Grammophon
1999 New World Symphony Feldman Coptic Light (Cohen, Feinberg) Argo
1976 Columbia Jazz Band,
New York Philharmonic
Gershwin Rhapsody in Blue (composer, piano roll)
An American in Paris
Columbia
1990 Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra Gershwin Gershwin Live! (Vaughan, Tilson Thomas) Sony Classical
1984 Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra Gershwin Rhapsody in Blue (Tilson Thomas)
Second Rhapsody for Orchestra with Piano
Preludes for Piano Promenade
Unpublished Piano Works
Columbia
1970 Boston Symphony Orchestra Ives
Ruggles
Three Places in New England
Sun-treader
Deutsche Grammophon
1991 Chicago Symphony Orchestra Ives Symphonies Nos. 1 & 4 Sony Classical
2002 San Francisco Symphony Ives An American Journey RCA Victor Red Seal
1990 Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus Ives Holiday Symphony
Unanswered Question (Herseth)
Central Park in the Dark
Sony Classical
1992 London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus Janáček Glagolitic Mass (Benackova, Palmer, Lakes, Kotscherga)
Sinfonietta
Sony Classical
1974 London Symphony Orchestra Mahavishnu Apocalypse (Mahavishnu Orchestra) Sony Classical
2004 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Symphony No. 1 SFS Media
2004 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Symphony No. 2 SFS Media
2004 San Francisco Symphony and Chorus,
Pacific Boychoir,
San Francisco Symphony Girls Chorus
Mahler Symphony No. 3
Kindertotenlieder (DeYoung)
SFS Media
2004 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Symphony No. 4 (Claycomb) SFS Media
2004 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Symphony No. 5 SFS Media
2004 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Symphony No. 6 SFS Media
2005 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Symphony No. 7 SFS Media
2009 San Francisco Symphony and Chorus,
Pacific Boychoir,
San Francisco Girls Chorus
Mahler Symphony No. 8 SFS Media
2005 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Symphony No. 9 SFS Media
2008 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Das Klagende Lied (Shaguch, DeYoung, Moser, Lieferkus)
Das Lied von der Erde (Skelton, Hampson)
RCA Red Seal
1990 London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus,
South End Boys
Mahler Symphony No. 3
Rückert Lieder (Baker)
Sony Classical
1999 London Symphony Orchestra Mahler Symphony No. 7 RCA Victor Red Seal
2010 San Francisco Symphony Mahler Songs with Orchestra (Graham, Hampson) SFS Media
1998 New World Symphony New World Jazz New World Jazz RCA Victor Red Seal
1997 London Symphony Orchestra Prokofiev Symphonies Nos. 1 & 5 Sony Classical
2004 San Francisco Symphony Prokofiev Romeo & Juliet RCA Red Seal
1991 Hungarian State Orchestra Puccini Tosca (Marton, Carreras, Pons, Tajo) Sony Classical
1989 London Symphony Orchestra Ravel Ma mère l'oye
Bolero
Pavane pour une infante défunte
Pièce en forme de Habañera
L'éventail de Jeanne
Fanfare
Sony Classical
1990 Colorado Quartet,
Brooklyn Philharmonic Orchestra
Reich The Desert Music Nonesuch
1994 London Symphony Orchestra Reich The Three movements Nonesuch
1980 Buffalo Philharmonic Ruggles Complete Music of Carl Ruggles Columbia
1971 Boston Symphony Orchestra Schuman
Piston
Violin Concerto (Paul Zukofsky)
Symphony No. 2
Deutsche Grammophon
1986 London Symphony Orchestra Strauss, R. Ein Heldenleben
Til Eulenspiegels
Lustige Streiche
Columbia
1972 Boston Symphony Orchestra Stravinsky Le sacre du printemps
Le roi des etoiles
Deutsche Grammophon
1997 London Symphony Orchestra Stravinsky Stravinsky in America Sony Classical
1999 San Francisco Symphony, San Francisco Symphony Chorus,
San Francisco Girls Chorus,
Ragazzi, the Peninsula Boys Chorus
Stravinsky Le sacre du printemps
L'oiseau de feu
Persephone
RCA Victor Red Seal
1993 New World Symphony Tangazo Tangazo Argo
1970 Boston Symphony Orchestra Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 1 Deutsche Grammophon
1990 Philharmonia Orchestra Tchaikovsky Suite No. 2
Suite No. 4
Sony Classical
2005 Berliner Philharmoniker Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto (Bell)
Méditation No. 1: Souvenir d'un lieucher
Swan Lake: Danse russe
RCA Red Seal
1997 New World Symphony, BBC Singers Villa Lobos Bachianas Brasileiras Nos. 4 & 5 (Fleming)
Bachianas Brasileiras No. 9
Coros Nos. 5 & 10
RCA Victor Red Seal
1990 London Symphony Orchestra Weill The Seven Deadly Sins (Migenes)
The Little Three Penny Music
Sony Classical

Awards

Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance

Grammy Award for Best Classical Album

Grammy Award for Best Choral Performance

Peabody Award

Tom Voegeli and Sarah Lutman at the 67th Annual Peabody Awards for The MTT Files
Tom Voegeli and Sarah Lutman at the 67th Annual Peabody Awards for The MTT Files

National Medal of Arts

  • 2009 National Medal of Arts.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tilson-Thomas, Michael" (2004). Contemporary Musicians. Gale/Cengage Learning. Via Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  2. ^ Morley Safer (February 5, 2006). "The Passion of Michael Tilson Thomas". 60 Minutes. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
  3. ^ James R. Oestreich (February 10, 2002). "Michael Tilson Thomas: Maverick in a City of Same". The New York Times. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
  4. ^ "Thomas Gets Poetic Pondering the Big 6–0". SFGate.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2008. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
  5. ^ Garchik, Leah (November 3, 2927). "38 years together,Tilson Thomas and Robison marry". Retrieved November 3, 2014. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ "Michael Tilson Thomas: From the Diary of Anne Frank". G. Schirmer, Inc. Retrieved December 27, 2006.
  7. ^ "Michael Tilson Thomas: Shówa/Shoáh". G. Schirmer, Inc. Retrieved December 27, 2006.
  8. ^ "Michael Tilson Thomas: Poems of Emily Dickinson". G. Schirmer, Inc. Retrieved December 27, 2006.
  9. ^ "Michael Tilson Thomas: Urban Legend". G. Schirmer, Inc. Retrieved December 27, 2006.
  10. ^ "Michael Tilson Thomas: BPO Music Director, 1971–79". Music Department, University at Buffalo. Archived from the original on September 11, 2006. Retrieved December 27, 2006.
  11. ^ "New World Symphony Statement of Purpose". New World Symphony. Retrieved December 27, 2006.
  12. ^ a b Nicolai Ouroussoff (January 23, 2011). "Architecture Review: Gehry Design Plays Fanfare for the Common Man". The New York Times.
  13. ^ a b Joshua Kosman (2017-10-31). "Michael Tilson Thomas to step down from San Francisco Symphony in 2020". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-11-01.
  14. ^ "Michael Tilson Thomas Announces Plans to Conclude His 25-Year Tenure as Music Director of the San Francisco Symphony Following the 2019–2020 Season" (Press release). San Francisco Symphony. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-01.
  15. ^ Jeff Lunden (April 15, 2004). "Project Recalls Yiddish Theater Legends". National Public Radio. Retrieved December 26, 2006.
  16. ^ The Thomashefskys Official Website – Home. Thomashefsky.org. Retrieved on November 22, 2011.
  17. ^ "YouTube Symphony Orchestra". Archived from the original on 2009-05-31. Retrieved 2009-05-31.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  18. ^ What a twist: Tognetti and Barton simply the warm-up acts. The Sydney Morning Herald. smh.com.au. March 14, 2011
  19. ^ Michael Tilson Thomas (Conductor) – Short Biography. Bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved on November 22, 2011.
  20. ^ Carnival of the Animals – IMDb
  21. ^ Kenneth Jones (March 29, 2012). "Thomashefskys, Musical Portrait of Yiddish Stage, Airs on PBS March 29". Playbill. Archived from the original on April 10, 2012.
  22. ^ 67th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2008.

External links

Bugs and Daffy's Carnival of the Animals

Bugs and Daffy's Carnival of the Animals (originally aired as Carnival of the Animals) is a live action/animated television special featuring the Looney Tunes characters Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck and directed by Chuck Jones. The special, based on Camille Saint-Saëns' musical suite of the same name and consisting of entirely new animation, was purposely cast in the successful mold of Jones' own earlier musical cartoons (including Rabbit of Seville, Long-Haired Hare and Baton Bunny), and is set the familiar showbiz rivalry between Bugs and Daffy against the orchestral backdrop of conductor Michael Tilson Thomas, in a performance based on the music of Saint-Saëns and the poetry of Ogden Nash. Carnival of the Animals originally aired on CBS on November 22, 1976, and was the first Warner Bros.-commissioned work featuring Bugs Bunny following the release of the cartoon False Hare, as well as their first Looney Tunes production following the second closure of their original animation studio in 1969.

This is an abridged version of the work, omitting the "Tortoise", "Characters with Long Ears", "Cuckoo" and "Swan" movements and using the "Pianists" music over the ending credits.

Cornell University Chorus

The Cornell University Chorus was founded in 1920, initially as the Cornell Women's Glee Club. The Chorus is a sixty-member treble choir, with repertoire including masses, motets, spirituals, classical, folk, 20th-century music, and traditional Cornell songs. Aside from its constantly changing and increasing selection of choral music for treble voices, the Chorus also performs major works with the Cornell University Glee Club such as Beethoven's Missa Solemnis, Handel's Messiah, and Bach's Mass in B Minor and St Matthew Passion .

The Chorus performs annually during Convocation, First-Year Parents Weekend, Homecoming, Senior Week, Commencement, and Reunion Weekend. In addition to the concerts on campus, the Chorus also has experience in professional settings, working under the baton of Nadia Boulanger, Eugene Ormandy, Erich Leinsdorf, Michael Tilson Thomas, Julius Rudel, and Karel Husa on the stages of Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center, the Kennedy Center, the Philadelphia Academy of Music, and the Saratoga Performing Arts Center. The Chorus has also been featured on two nationwide broadcasts: a special half hour on CBS radio, and an appearance on PBS's MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour as part of an artistic feature on former director Susan Davenny Wyner. The Chorus has collaborated with world musician Samite of Uganda, participated in a production of Richard Einhorn's Voices of Light with Anonymous 4, and performed several major works with the Syracuse Symphony Orchestra, including Bach's Mass in B Minor, Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, and Lili Boulanger's Du fond de l'abîme with the Cornell Symphony Orchestra.

Eugene Izotov

Eugene Izotov (born 1973) is a Russian-born oboist and recording artist. He is currently the Principal Oboist of the San Francisco Symphony appointed by Michael Tilson Thomas in 2014. He is the first Russian-born oboist in any major U.S. symphony orchestra, faculty member of the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, Music Academy of the West, Verbier Festival (Switzerland) and Pacific Music Festival (Japan). Prior to these posts, he served as the Principal Oboist of the Chicago Symphony, Principal Oboist of the Metropolitan Opera[1], Principal Oboist of the Kansas City Symphony and has taught at the Juilliard School and the DePaul University. He studied with American oboist Ralph Gomberg at Boston University, from which he received the Distinguished Alumnus Award. In addition to being recognized as one of the world's premiere orchestral oboists, Izotov has been awarded top prizes at international competitions for solo oboists in Moscow (1990), Saint Petersburg (1991), New York (1995) and the First Prize at the 2001 Fernand Gillet International Oboe competition. Eugene Izotov's solo and chamber music collaborations include partnerships with Bernard Haitink, Riccardo Muti, James Levine, Nicholas McGegan, Michael Tilson Thomas, Yo Yo Ma, Pinchas Zukerman, Jaime Laredo, André Watts, Emanuel Ax, Yefim Bronfman, and the Tokyo String Quartet. He has appeared over 50 times as soloist with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra[2], the Boston Symphony Orchestra[3], San Francisco Symphony[4], MET Chamber Ensemble, Pacific Music Festival Orchestra, and has recorded for Sony Classical, Boston Records, Lisem Records, BMG, Elektra, and CSOResound.

Gershwin Live!

Gershwin Live! is a 1982 live album by Sarah Vaughan, of music composed by George Gershwin, accompanied by the Los Angeles Philharmonic, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas. The album was arranged by Marty Paich.

Vaughan's performance won her the Grammy Award for Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Female at the Grammy Awards of 1983.

Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance

The Grammy Award for Best Orchestral Performance has been awarded since 1959. There have been several minor changes to the name of the award over this time:

From 1959 to 1964 it was awarded as Best Classical Performance - Orchestra

In 1965 it was Best Performance - Orchestra

From 1966 to 1975 it returned to 'Best Classical Performance - Orchestra

From 1977 to 1978 it was awarded as Best Classical Orchestral Performance

From 1980 to 1981 it was awarded as Best Classical Orchestral Recording

In 1983 it was awarded as Best Orchestral Performance

In 1984 it was awarded as Best Orchestral Recording

From 1985 to 1987 it returned to being called Best Classical Orchestral Recording

From 1988 to 1989 it was once again called Best Orchestral Recording

From 1990 to the present it has returned to being called Best Orchestral PerformanceYears reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were presented, for works released in the previous year.

Until 1989, the Grammy Award went to the conductor only, but since then, the Orchestra has also been given an award (although the orchestras are not mentioned as a nominee).

Il Sogno

Il Sogno is the 20th studio album by Elvis Costello, released in 2004 by Deutsche Grammophon. It is performed by the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas, recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London. It peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Classical Music albums chart.

List of music directors of the Ojai Music Festival

This is a complete list of music directors of the Ojai Music Festival, an American festival of classical music held annually in Ojai, California. The list is shown both alphabetically and chronologically.

MTT

MTT can refer to:

MTT assay using dimethyl thiazolyl diphenyl tetrazolium salt, a type of tetrazole

IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society

Maria Theresa thaler, former Austrian coin used in many areas

Marine Turbine Technologies

Maritime Telephone and Telegraph Company, later known as MTT or MT&T

Medical Training Therapy, a science and evidence based training and treatment methodology in rehabilitation

Meaning-Text Theory, a theory in linguistics

Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM), formerly known as the Mehsud Tahafuz Tehrik (MTT), a human rights movement in Pakistan for the Pashtun people

Metropolitan Transport Trust, responsible for Western Australia public transport 1956-1987

Michael Tilson Thomas (nicknamed 'MTT'), American musician

Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos National Airport, IATA code MTT

Municipal Tramways Trust, former body in Adelaide, South Australia

Multi-table tournament, a type of poker tournament

Multi-transaction translator, a particular functional unit in USB hubs

Mothership (composition)

Mothership is a single-movement composition for orchestra and electronica by the American composer Mason Bates. The piece received its world premiere March 20, 2011 at the Sydney Opera House by the YouTube Symphony Orchestra under Michael Tilson Thomas, with featured improvisatorial soloists Paulo Calligopoulos on electric guitar, Ali Bello on violin, Su Chang on Zheng, and John Burgess on bass guitar. The premiere was broadcast live on YouTube and garnered nearly two million viewers.

New World Symphony (orchestra)

The New World Symphony is an American orchestral academy based in Miami Beach, Florida. Established in 1987, the organization is a training ensemble for young musicians in their 20s in preparation for professional careers in classical music. Since 2011, the New World Symphony has its headquarters in the New World Center.In 1987, Michael Tilson Thomas established the New World Symphony, with initial financial assistance from Ted Arison, the founder of Carnival Cruise Lines. Thomas and Arison had similar visions of a training orchestra for young conservatory graduates to assist them in finding employment with professional orchestras. The New World Symphony gave its first public concert on 4 February 1988 in Miami. By the time of Arison's death in 1999, he had contributed $62M USD to the organization.The New World Symphony offers three-year fellowships, where the programme offers a wide range of performance and educational opportunities in both domestic and international venues. The program offers opportunities for fellows to design and present their own concerts, which often feature seldom-heard works for unusual instrumentation. The training also includes mock auditions, financial management, donor and media relations, as well as opportunities for teaching in local schools.The New World Symphony presents a season of concerts from September to May at the 756-seat concert hall of the New World Center. Performances include full-orchestra concerts, a chamber music series, a new music series, percussion consort series, small ensemble concerts, a family series, and special festivals and recitals.

On June 29, 2011, the New World Symphony Orchestra received the first place award for "Adventurous Programming" (group 2 orchestras) from ASCAP for its strong commitment to new American music.

Pacific Music Festival

The Pacific Music Festival (パシフィック・ミュージック・フェスティバル) is an international classical music festival held annually in Sapporo, Japan. It was founded in 1990 by Leonard Bernstein, along with the London Symphony Orchestra, with the original plan of holding the festival in Beijing. The original artistic directors were Leonard Bernstein and Michael Tilson Thomas.

Perséphone (Stravinsky)

Perséphone (Persephone) is a musical work (mélodrame) for speaker, solo singers, chorus, dancers and orchestra with music by Igor Stravinsky and a libretto by André Gide.

It was first performed under the direction of the composer at the Opéra in Paris, on 30 April 1934 in a double bill with the ballet Diane de Poitiers by Jacques Ibert. The premiere was staged by the ballet company of Ida Rubinstein, with Rubinstein herself dancing and speaking the part of Persephone and the tenor René Maison singing Eumolphe.

It was also performed at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires under Stravinsky himself in 1934, and then in Rio de Janeiro. Victoria Ocampo, an important intellectual from Argentina, was present at the premier in Buenos Aires. It was reprised at the Colón in 1995 with China Zorrilla under Pedro Ignacio Calderón.

Other choreographed versions have included those of George Balanchine, Kurt Jooss (1955), Frederick Ashton (1961), and Pina Bausch (1965). (Martha Graham's Persephone is accompanied by Stravinsky's Symphony in C.)

It was recorded by Stravinsky himself with Vera Zorina and also under André Cluytens (with Nicolai Gedda, 1955, Paris), Sir Andrew Davis (with Paul Groves, London), Michael Tilson Thomas (with Stuart Neill, 1999, San Francisco), and Esa-Pekka Salonen (with Andrew Staples, 2018, Finnish National Opera)

Polaris (composition)

Polaris: Voyage for Orchestra is an orchestral composition by the British composer Thomas Adès. The work was co-commissioned by the New World Symphony under the direction of Michael Tilson Thomas for the opening of the New World Center. The New World Symphony was joined in commission by the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, the New York Philharmonic, the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, the Barbican Centre, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, and the San Francisco Symphony. It was given its world premiere by Michael Tilson Thomas and the New World Symphony at the New World Center in Miami Beach on January 26, 2011.

Possible Sky

Possible Sky is a composition for choir and orchestra by the American composer Meredith Monk. The work was commissioned by the conductor Michael Tilson Thomas and the New World Symphony. It was first performed April 4, 2003 in Miami Beach, Florida by Thomas and the New World Symphony. The composition was Monk's first work for orchestra.

San Francisco Symphony

The San Francisco Symphony (SFS), founded in 1911, is an American orchestra based in San Francisco, California. Since 1980, the orchestra is resident at the Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall in the City's Hayes Valley neighborhood. The San Francisco Symphony Youth Orchestra (founded in 1981) and the San Francisco Symphony Chorus (1972) are part of the organization. Since 1995, Michael Tilson Thomas has been the orchestra's music director. Tilson Thomas is scheduled to conclude his tenure as the orchestra's music director in 2020, when Esa-Pekka Salonen is scheduled to become the orchestra's next music director.Among the orchestra's awards and honors are an Emmy Award and 15 Grammy Awards in the past 26 years.

Shaker Loops

Shaker Loops is a 1978 composition by American composer John Adams, originally written for string septet. A version for string orchestra followed in 1983 and first performed in April of that year at Alice Tully Hall, New York, by the American Composers Orchestra conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas.

The original "modular" score, published by Associated Music Publisher, has since been withdrawn and replaced by the 1983 "string orchestra" version. The "string orchestra" version can be played either by a septet of soloists or by a string orchestra of any size, where the violins are divided into 3 parts throughout.

The work is in four movements.

Sheila Browne

Sheila Browne is an American-Irish concert violist from Gladwyne, Pennsylvania with dual citizenship. She is a concert and recording artist and Associate Professor at the University of Delaware. For ten years she was on faculty and Associate Professor of Viola at the University of North Carolina School of the Arts. Named the William Primrose Recitalist of 2016 in conjunction with the Primrose International Viola Archive (PIVA), Ms. Browne has played solo, concerto and chamber music concerts and has played principal of orchestras on six continents, performing in major venues in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Middle East. She is in the Fire Pink Trio and principal of the New York Women's Philharmonic, making her Carnegie- Stern Hall concerto debut in 2011 (formerly NYWE). Browne is the Director and faculty member of the January Karen Tuttle Viola Workshop, founder in 2015 and faculty member of the first European Karen Tuttle Viola Workshop at NYU- Prague 2016, and has served on the Executive Board of the American Viola Society Ms. Browne was the violist of the Gotham, Arianna, Pelligrini and Serafin string quartets. She has served on the faculties of Duke and New York universities, University of Missouri- St. Louis and of Tennessee- Knoxville, and Juilliard's Music Advancement Program.

During the summer of 2009 Sheila Browne became the first viola professor ever to teach in Iraqi Kurdistan for the inaugural year of the National Youth Orchestra of Iraq.

She has recorded CDs on the Albany Records, Bridge, Centaur, ERM, MSR and Nonesuch Records labels, and has premiered many new works by composers including Dan Coleman, Lawrence Dillon, and Kenneth Jacobs, and has recorded Cds with Natalie Cole, Paula Cole, Lisa Loeb, Audra MacDonald, and Carol Wincenc, and on major motion picture soundtracks such as Any Given Sunday.

She has made television appearances on the David Letterman Show with Aretha Franklin, and on Good Morning America with Barry Manilow at Lincoln Center.

Browne has played principal and soloed under conductors Michael Tilson Thomas, Leonard Slatkin, JoAnn Falletta, as well as under Eiji Oue, Pierre Boulez, Michael Gielen, Robert Spano, Kurt Masur, Zubin Mehta, Plácido Domingo, Paavo Jarvi. She has played in the St. Louis Symphony as well as in the Southwest Radio Symphony Orchestra in Baden - Wurttemberg, Germany.

She has performed with members of the Amernet, Audubon, Borromeo, Brentano, Calidore, Cleveland, Guarneri and Vermeer string quartets, Diaz Trio, Ruth Laredo, Gil Kalish, Anton Kuerti, Eugenia Zuckerman, Carol Wincenc, David Krakauer, Richard Stolzman, Joseph Robinson.

Browne has been featured in several books: The Musician's Way by Gerald Klickstein and UPBEAT: The Story of the National Youth Orchestra of Iraq,

and has been featured in the PBS Documentary with Michael Tilson Thomas, "Beethoven Alive!"

Sheila Browne studied with Karen Tuttle and the Juilliard String Quartet at the Juilliard School, where Ms. Browne was Tuttle's teaching assistant for four years, earning a Bachelor of Music degree. She later studied in Germany with soloist Kim Kashkashian after being awarded a DAAD grant for an Aufbaustudium degree at the Hochschule fuer Musik in Freiburg. She was Karen Ritscher's teaching assistant at Rice University's Shepherd School of Music, where the Gotham Quartet was in Paul Katz's String Quartet Residency Program (M.M.). She also studied with the principal violist of Philadelphia Opera Company, Evelyn Jacobs- Luise. Sheila Browne is a pedagogical descendant of William Primrose and Eugene Ysaye as well as Max Aronoff and Carl Flesch.

She was twice co- principal of Alexander Schneider's String Orchestra Seminar at Carnegie Hall and the Kennedy Center, as well as principal violist for New World Symphony's Tenth Anniversary European Tour under the direction of Michael Tilson Thomas with soloist Barbara Hendricks. She was once the youngest member of the Philadelphia Youth Orchestra, playing in programs at the New School of Music, Temple University's Preparatory Division, Delaware County Youth Orchestra, Settlement Music School Chamber Orchestra, Boston University Tanglewood Institute, Civic Orchestra of Chicago, Evian, Great Lakes Festival, Banff Centre for the Arts Solo Residency, Jeunesses Musicales, Music Academy of the West, Luzerne Music Center. She has been on faculties of California Summer Music, Montecito, Innsbruck, Luzerne Music Center, Green Mountain Chamber Music Festival, Summer Strings at UNCSA. She is a prizewinner of the 2000 Fischoff National Chamber Music Competition.

The B-Sides (composition)

The B-Sides is a symphony in five movements for electronica and orchestra by the American composer Mason Bates. The work was commissioned by the San Francisco Symphony and conductor Michael Tilson Thomas (to whom the piece is dedicated), with support from the Ralph I. Dorfman Commissioning Fund. It was premiered May 20, 2009 at the Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall in San Francisco, with Michael Tilson Thomas leading the San Francisco Symphony.

The Four Sections

The Four Sections is an orchestral work by the minimalist American composer Steve Reich.

The piece was commissioned for the San Francisco Symphony in honour of its 75th Anniversary by the widow of Ralph Dorfman. It was completed in August 1987 and given its premier that year on 7 October conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas in Davies Hall.The title of the work refers to the four sections of the orchestra and the four harmonic sections dividing each movement.

The work consists of the following movements:

Strings (with winds and brass) (♩ = 80)

Percussion (♩ = 80)

Winds and brass (with strings) (♩ = 120)

Full orchestra (♩ = 180)The original idea for The Four Sections was suggested by Tilson Thomas in terms of a Concerto for Orchestra. Reich's approach to the concept of a Concerto for Orchestra was explicitly different from that of Bartok's 'soloist versus orchestra' piece. Instead, Reich saw the orchestra as a means to explore further the ideas presented in works like Six Marimbas and Violin Phase, where identical instruments are interlocked.

Awards for Michael Tilson Thomas

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