Michael Kidd

Michael Kidd (August 12, 1915 – December 23, 2007) was an American film and stage choreographer, dancer and actor, whose career spanned five decades, and staged some of the leading Broadway and film musicals of the 1940s and 1950s. Kidd, who was strongly influenced by Charlie Chaplin and Léonide Massine, was an innovator in what came to be known as the "integrated musical", in which dance movements are integral to the plot.

He was probably best known for his athletic dance numbers in Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, a 1954 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musical, and for choreographing Fred Astaire and Cyd Charisse in the "Girl Hunt Ballet" and "Dancing in the Dark" numbers in the 1953 musical film The Band Wagon. Film critic Stephanie Zacharek called the barn-raising sequence in Seven Brides "one of the most rousing dance numbers ever put on screen".[1] He was the first choreographer to win five Tony Awards,[2] and was awarded an honorary Academy Award in 1996 for advancing dance in film.

Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd on the set of The Band Wagon
Milton Greenwald

August 12, 1915
DiedDecember 23, 2007 (aged 92)
OccupationChoreographer, dancer, actor
Years active1937–1996
Spouse(s)Mary Heater (m.1940) (2 children)
Shelah Hackett (1969–2007) (his death) (2 children)

Early life and dance career

Kidd was born Milton Greenwald in New York City on the Lower East Side, the son of Abraham Greenwald, a barber, and his wife Lillian, who were Jewish refugees from Czarist Russia.[3] He moved to Brooklyn with his family and attended New Utrecht High School. He became interested in dance after attending a modern dance performance, and went on to study under Blanche Evan, a dancer and choreographer.[4]

He studied chemical engineering at the City College of New York, in 1936 and 1937, but left after being granted a scholarship to the School of American Ballet. He toured the country as a member of the corps de ballet of Lincoln Kirstein’s Ballet Caravan, and performed in roles that included the lead in Billy the Kid, choreographed by Eugene Loring, which featured an orchestral arrangement by Aaron Copland.[4]

He adopted the name "Michael Kidd" in 1942. At the time he was performing with Ballet Caravan and all the dancers were urged to adopt "American" names. He chose Kidd because it was short, easy to remember, and evocative of the pirate, Captain Kidd.[5]

In 1941, Kidd became a soloist and assistant to Loring in his Dance Players. He moved on to become a soloist for Ballet Theater, later known as the American Ballet Theatre. His performances there included Fancy Free (1944) choreographed by Jerome Robbins and with music by Leonard Bernstein, in which he played one of the three sailors.[6] While at the ABT, he created his own ballet, On Stage! (1945). Although the play and his performance were well received, and the New York Times observed that Kidd was "hailed as one of the great hopes of postwar American ballet," he left Loring's company for Broadway in 1947 and never again worked in ballet.[4]

Broadway and Hollywood

Kidd's first choreography on Broadway was for E.Y. Harburg's Finian's Rainbow, a lyrical musical that explored racial prejudice. Kidd won his first Tony Award for that play. However, his next Broadway musicals were not successful. They were Hold It, a college musical, and the Kurt Weill/Alan Jay Lerner musical Love Life, directed by Elia Kazan, which both had short runs in 1948. Next came Arms and the Girl (1950), directed by Rouben Mamoulian, with Pearl Bailey and Nanette Fabray, also a flop.[4]

His next play, Frank Loesser’s Guys and Dolls (1950), cemented his reputation as a Broadway choreographer. It was based on Damon Runyon short stories, with book by Abe Burrows, and earned Kidd his second Tony Award. The play attracted the attention of movie producers, and he was lured to Hollywood.[4]

Band Wagon still
Fred Astaire and Cyd Charisse in the "Girl Hunt Ballet" from
The Band Wagon (1953)

His first film was a 1952 film adaptation of Frank Loesser's 1948 Broadway musical, Where's Charley?, starring Ray Bolger repeating his Broadway performance in the lead role. His first big film success came the following year, with The Band Wagon, starring Fred Astaire and Cyd Charisse.

The Band Wagon, which featured the music and lyrics of Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz, included an extensive dance sequence at the end, the "Girl Hunt Ballet" featuring Astaire and Charisse, which was a spoof of hard-boiled Mickey Spillane novels. Kidd was hired to stage the film's dances at Astaire's request, because he was nervous about the ballet. Kidd said that he made Astaire comfortable by pretending that he was just making up the steps spontaneously.[7] The film also featured "Shine on Your Shoes", set in a 42nd Street penny arcade and featuring Astaire and LeRoy Daniels, a real-life shoe-shiner, and "Dancing in the Dark" with Charisse, set in Central Park.[4]

Kidd's work for the 1954 film Seven Brides for Seven Brothers brought him acclaim. The film was directed by Stanley Donen, with music by Saul Chaplin and Gene de Paul and lyrics by Johnny Mercer. It was written directly for the screen and based on the short story "The Sobbin' Women", by Stephen Vincent Benét, which was based in turn on the ancient Roman legend of The Rape of the Sabine Women. He initially turned down the assignment, recalling in 1997: "Here are these slobs living off in the woods. They have no schooling, they are uncouth, there's manure on the floor, the cows come in and out—and they're gonna get up and dance? We'd be laughed out of the house."[8]

The entire cast, even extras, consisted of a melange of dancers, acrobats and stuntmen, including the ballet dancers Jacques D'Amboise of the New York City Ballet and Marc Platt, formerly of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo.[9] Except for Howard Keel and Jane Powell, the roles of the brothers and their brides were all played by professional dancers at Kidd's insistence. Mercer said that the musical numbers were written at Kidd's behest, as an example "of how a songwriter sometimes has to take his cue from his collaborators".[10] For example, Kidd explained to Mercer and dePaul his conception of the "Lonesome Polecat" number, the lament of the brothers for the women, and the two worked out the music and lyrics.[10]

By the mid-1950s Hollywood's output of movie musicals had begun to wane, and he worked on only two during that decade. He made his movie acting debut in It's Always Fair Weather (1955), directed by Gene Kelly and Donen, in which Kelly, Kidd and Dan Dailey played three ex-GIs meeting ten years after the war, only to discover they had little in common. The film featured an exuberant number in which the three dance with garbage can lids fastened to their feet. The downbeat film was a critical success but was not heavily promoted by the studio, and failed at the box office.[11] The film was originally designed to be a sequel to the 1949 film On the Town, but Frank Sinatra and Jules Munshin were unavailable, and the film lacked chemistry between the three actors. The production was marked by constant strife between Donen and Kelly, with much of it stemming from Donen striving unsuccessfully to include a ten-minute dance solo by Kidd, "Jack and the Space Giants". Kelly rejected that, which Kidd took as a personal insult, and Donen went further, ending his collaboration with Kelly for the rest of their lives. The "Jack" number appears as a bonus feature on a DVD of the film, and one commentator suggests that Kelly's judgment was not wrong, as the number was listless and did not advance the plot.[12]

Its Always Fair Weather photo
Kidd's screen acting debut, dancing with Gene Kelly and Dan Dailey in It's Always Fair Weather (1955)

Kidd was both director and choreographer for the musical comedy film Merry Andrew (1958), starring Danny Kaye. By the then the era of movie musicals was pretty much over, and Kidd turned his attention to Broadway, where he had continued to work while choreographing movies. At the same time that he was choreographing The Band Wagon he was staging dances for Cole Porter’s Broadway musical Can-Can. In that show he created dance numbers for Gwen Verdon which helped make her a Broadway sensation.[2]

His other Broadway shows during the 1950s included Li'l Abner in 1956, which he directed as well as choreographed. He won another Tony Award for his choreography, which was adapted for the film version in 1959. After Merry Andrew, however, he made no other films until Star!, with Julie Andrews, in 1968. Neither film was successful.[4]

On Broadway he directed and choreographed Destry Rides Again (1959), with Andy Griffith, Wildcat (1960), which starred Lucille Ball, Subways Are for Sleeping (1961), a musical comedy about homelessness, and Ben Franklin in Paris (1964), starring Robert Preston. He also choreographed the famous Broadway flop Breakfast at Tiffany's (1966), a musical version of the Truman Capote novella with Mary Tyler Moore and Richard Chamberlain that never officially opened.[4]

He choreographed the 1969 film adaptation of the hit Broadway play Hello, Dolly! The film was beset by tension on the unhappy set, with Barbra Streisand clashing with her costar Walter Matthau and director Gene Kelly; Kidd also had conflicts with costume designer Irene Sharaff and Kelly, to the point that he and Kelly were no longer on speaking terms.[13] The film was not a success as a musical, with Kelly and Kidd making little use of the widescreen format of the film. Critic Tom Santopietro described their approach as "shoveling more and more bodies on screen with no apparent purpose".[14]

He went on to direct and choreograph the 1970 Broadway musical The Rothschilds, starring Hal Linden, and directed The Goodbye Girl, with Bernadette Peters and Martin Short, a 1993 adaptation of the 1977 Neil Simon film that was his final Broadway play.[4] Although he was nominated for a Tony Award for best director, reviews were mixed. In The New York Times, Frank Rich said that "Kidd, who did much to define slam-bang Broadway and Hollywood musical-comedy style in the 1950s, directs 'The Goodbye Girl' in a mechanical reduction of that style: everything is fast, furious, loud and downstage center. Not that any director could overcome this musical's physical production."[15]

Kidd appeared in supporting roles as a character actor in the 1970s and 1980s, beginning with his performance as the faded, cynical choreographer for a cheesy beauty pageant in the satirical 1975 film Smile, which starred Bruce Dern. Film critic Roger Ebert called Kidd's portrayal of the pageant choreographer a "finely etched semiautobiographical performance".[16] He acted in and staged the musical sequences in the 1978 film Movie Movie, which was directed by Stanley Donen, with whom he'd worked in Seven Brides for Seven Brothers and It's Always Fair Weather. Kidd directed an episode of the TV comedy Laverne and Shirley (1990), as well as scenes for Janet Jackson in two music videos, When I Think of You (1986) and Alright (1990).[4] He conceived and choreographed the television special Baryshnikov in Hollywood, starring Mikhail Baryshnikov, in 1982,[17] for which he was nominated for an Emmy Award.[18]

Personal life

Kidd died of cancer at the age 92 at his home in Los Angeles, California. His marriage to the dancer Mary Heater in 1945 ended in divorce. At his death he was survived by his wife Shelah Hackett, whom he married in 1969, two daughters from his first marriage and a son and daughter from his second.[3]

Kidd was the uncle of filmmaker and political activist, Robert Greenwald. His older brother was Harold Greenwald, a prominent psychotherapist and best-selling author of the 1958 book The Call Girl, who was an expert in the study of prostitution.[19]

Choreographic style

Kidd was unusually well-respected, and his judgment was granted deference by the leading dancers of his era. British critic and biographer Michael Freedland said at the time of his death that "when Gene Kelly danced through the street with a dustbin lid tied to his feet in the 1955 film It's Always Fair Weather, the man who usually planned his own routines did it to Kidd's order".[3]

His realistic approach, designing dances that were inspired by the way ordinary people behaved, led one critic to observe that "Kidd is, in a way, the originator of the fantasy that if only your life shaped up and offered you the right moments, you too would be able to dance like a Hollywood star".[20]

Kidd believed that dance needed to derive from life, saying that his "dancing is based on naturalistic movement that is abstracted and enlarged", and that "all my movements relate to some kind of real activity". He always wanted dance to serve the story, and when beginning a new work he would write a scenario, explaining how the plot drove the characters to dance.[2] His biggest influences were Charlie Chaplin, "because he expressed through movement the aspirations of the little man", and the dancer and choreographer Léonide Massine, "because he expressed more than just balletic ability—he was always a character on stage, an exaggerated character, which I do all the time: an exaggeration of ordinary movement".[17]

His distinct style was evident in his early days in ballet. Describing a rare film clip of his performance in On Stage, dance critic Anna Kisselgoff recounted that Kidd in one scene played a handyman consoling ballerina Janet Reed, playing a shy young woman at a ballet audition. "Classical technique was used to expressive purpose as the wonderful Miss Reed grew visibly exuberant and confident as Mr. Kidd, broom in hand, entertained her with his virtuosic performance."[21]

He once said that "in choreography, ordinary movements from real life are taken and extended, so they become dance movements, yet the relation to reality must always be there. It's important for me to know who the characters are and what their function is in the script. I must be able to illustrate either their activities, their emotions, or their changes in mood by the way they dance, all the while keeping the dance movements footed in reality and yet making the movements sort of odd and eccentric." This philosophy was reflected in the early scene from The Band Wagon, when Fred Astaire walks down a railroad platform singing "By Myself." His walk was not quite a dance, and epitomized Kidd's style.[20]

In a 2012 appreciation of his work, Dance Teacher said that "Kidd drew from the vocabularies of ballet, modern, social dance and acrobatics. But above all, his choreography stemmed from realistic movements and gestures. Following in the tradition of Agnes de Mille and Jerome Robbins, who developed the integrated musical, Kidd created dances that helped to carry the plot and flesh out the characters. He put the story first, communicating it through dance." Kidd once said that "every move, every turn should mean something. Dancing should be completely understandable."[2] In Seven Brides for Seven Brothers he employed leading ballet dancers, but insisted that his dancers avoid ballet dance moves, and instead focus on "work movements like ax wielding".[7]

In choreographing Seven Brides, Kidd once said that he "had to find a way to have these backwoods men dance without looking ridiculous. I had to base it all around activities you would accept from such people—it couldn't look like ballet. And it could only have been done by superbly trained dancers." Yet he was able to integrate into the cast a non-dancer MGM contract player who was assigned to the film, Russ Tamblyn, by utilizing his talents as a gymnast and tumbler in the dance numbers.[18]

Kidd's personal favorite of the films he choreographed, however, was not Seven Brides or Band Wagon but Guys and Dolls, which he felt was "the best, most inventive and best integrated musical I've ever seen".[18]

Although he came from the world of classic ballet, a Los Angeles Times critic noted at his death that he had "a healthy disdain for its pretensions". He staged a comedic ballet sequence for the 1954 Danny Kaye film Knock on Wood, in which Kaye is chased into a theater and hides on stage during a performance by a Russian ballet company. The sequence allowed Kidd to lampoon the stylistic excesses he'd observed as a dancer at the American Ballet Theater.[22]

As in his choreography for both the Broadway and 1955 film adaptation of Guys and Dolls, and in the "Girl Hunt Ballet", Kidd's choreography in Seven Brides exuded masculinity. One history of the musical theater observes that "Kidd forged dances, and shows, in which men were men, leaping high, stout hearted, and passionate about their dolls".[23] He choreographed "for the little guy, the working guy, the guy defined by his job and the movement that job entailed".[22]

Although Kidd drove his dancers hard, partly because he himself was capable of doing all the dance steps that he required of them, his personal style was gentle. Nanette Fabray, who performed in Love Life, could only make dancing turns to the left side because of a hearing problem. Rather than insisting she turn to the right, as many choreographers would do, Kidd "found that fascinating, and he made all the other dancers turn to the left". Julie Andrews recalled that the "Burlington Bertie From Bow" number in Star! was physically demanding, and she balked when Kidd asked her for a retake, saying she had a bad back. Andrews recalled that "he looked crestfallen. Then he said, 'I wasn't trying to be mean. I just knew that when you saw it on film, you wouldn't be pleased.' I always thought that was a nice way to say, 'Once more.'"[18]


Kidd was the first choreographer to win five Tony Awards,[2] and received nine Tony nominations. He was awarded an honorary Academy Award in 1997 "in recognition of his services to the art of dance in the art of the screen".[18]

He was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1981.[24]

Film credits

Broadway credits

  • Filling Station (1939) – ballet – dancer in the role of "The Gangster"
  • Billy the Kid (1939) – ballet to the music of Aaron Copland – dancer
  • Pocahontas (1939) – ballet to the music of Elliott Carter – dancer cast as an "Indian Man"
  • Billy the Kid (1942 revival) – director and dancer
  • Interplay (1945) – ballet to the music of Morton Gould and choreography of Jerome Robbins – dancer
  • Fancy Free (1946) – ballet, with music of Leonard Bernstein and choreography of Jerome Robbins – dancer cast as a "Sailor"
  • Finian's Rainbow (1947) – musical – choreographer – Tony Award for Best Choreography
  • Hold It! (1948) – musical – choreographer
  • Love Life (1948) – musical – choreographer
  • Arms and the Girl (1950) – musical – choreographer
  • Guys and Dolls (1950) – musical – choreographer – Tony Award for Best Choreography
  • Can-Can (1953) – musical – choreographer – Tony Award for Best Choreography
  • Li'l Abner (1956) – musical – director, choreographer, and co-producer – Tony Award for Best Choreography
  • Destry Rides Again (1959) – musical – director and choreographer – Tony Award for Best Choreography and nominated for Best Direction of a Musical
  • Wildcat (1960) – musical – director, choreographer, and co-producer
  • Subways Are For Sleeping (1961) – musical – director and choreographer – Tony Award Nomination for Best Choreography
  • Here's Love (1963) – musical – choreographer
  • Ben Franklin in Paris (1964) – musical – director and choreographer
  • Skyscraper (1965) – musical – choreographer – Tony Award Nomination for Best Choreography
  • Breakfast at Tiffany's (1966 – never officially opened) – musical – choreographer
  • The Rothschilds (1970) – musical – director and choreographer – Tony Award Nominations for Best Direction of a Musical and Best Choreography
  • Cyrano (1973) – musical – director and choreographer
  • The Music Man (1980 revival) – musical – director and choreographer
  • The Goodbye Girl (1993) – musical – director – Tony Award Nomination for Best Direction of a Musical


  1. ^ Gold, Sylviane (March 2008). "DEATHS: Michael Kidd (1915–2007)". Dance Magazine. 82 (3): 88–89.
  2. ^ a b c d e Straus, Rachel (May 2012). "Michael Kidd: Energizing the golden age of musical theater". Dance Teacher. 34 (5): 60–61.
  3. ^ a b c Freedland, Michael (January 6, 2008). "Michael Kidd: Top choreographer of American musicals, he turned dance routines into works of art". The Guardian. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tobias, Patricia Eliot (December 24, 2007). "Michael Kidd, Choreographer, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  5. ^ Freedland, Michael (January 6, 2008). "Michael Kidd: Top choreographer of American musicals, he turned dance routines into works of art". The Guardian. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  6. ^ "Michael Kidd". Times of London. January 5, 2008. p. 72.
  7. ^ a b Kisselgoff, Anna (March 13, 1994). "For Michael Kidd, Real Life Is Where The Dance Begins". New York Times. p. H10. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  8. ^ "Michael Kidd". The Independent. December 29, 2007. p. 44.
  9. ^ D'Amboise, Jacques (2011). I Was a Dancer. Random House. pp. 158–161. ISBN 1400042348.
  10. ^ a b Furia, Philip & Patterson, Laurie (2010). The Songs of Hollywood. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 188. ISBN 0195337085.
  11. ^ Feaster, Felicia. "It's Always Fair Weather (1955)". TCM.com. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  12. ^ Hess, Earl J; Dabholkar, Pratibha A. (2009). Singin' in the Rain: The Making of an American Masterpiece. University Press of Kansas. pp. 203–205. ISBN 0700617574.
  13. ^ Kennedy, Matthew (2014). Roadshow!: The Fall of Film Musicals in the 1960s. Oxford University Press. pp. 135–140. ISBN 0199925674.
  14. ^ Santopietro, Tom (2007). The Importance of Being Barbra: The Brilliant, Tumultuous Career of Barbra Streisand. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 67. ISBN 0312375611.
  15. ^ Rich, Frank (March 5, 1993). "Review/Theater; How Far Two Good Sports Will Go". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  16. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1975). "Smile (1975)". rogerebert.com. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  17. ^ a b Segal, Lewis (March 18, 1997). "Kidd Steps to the Oscar Podium; The academy doesn't have awards for choreography but next week it salutes a lifetime of work". Los Angeles Times. p. F1.
  18. ^ a b c d e Gilbert, Tom (March 3–9, 1997). "Kidd embraced by the Academy". Variety. p. 54.
  19. ^ Ravo, Nick (April 2, 1999). "Harold Greenwald, 88, Expert On Psychology of Prostitutes". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  20. ^ a b Wood, Gaby (March 21, 1997). "Screen: The light fantastic Michael Kidd, who gets an honorary Oscar next week, didn't just choreograph dance. He choreographed life". The Guardian. p. 12.
  21. ^ Kisselgoff, Anna (March 18, 1994). "Honoring A Master Of Movement On the Screen: Influencing dancers as diverse as Astaire and the Jacksons". The New York Times. p. C3. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
  22. ^ a b Segal, Lewis (December 29, 2007). "AN APPRECIATION; Choreographer of the common; Comfortable in any genre, the graceful Michael Kidd turned everyday tasks into physical art". Los Angeles Times. p. E1.
  23. ^ Flinn, Denny Martin (2008). The Great American Book Musical: A Manifesto, a Monograph, a Manual. Limelight. ISBN 0879103620.
  24. ^ "26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame". The New York Times, March 3, 1981.

External links

14th Tony Awards

The 14th Annual Tony Awards took place at the Astor Hotel Grand Ballroom on April 24, 1960, and was broadcast on local television station WCBS-TV in New York City. The Master of Ceremonies was Eddie Albert.

2011–12 Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team

The 2011–12 Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team represented the University of Kentucky in the 2011–12 college basketball season. The team's head coach was John Calipari, who was in his third season after taking the Wildcats to their first Final Four in thirteen seasons. The team won the 2012 NCAA Championship, bringing Kentucky its eighth title. The team's 38 wins broke a record shared by 5 teams for the most wins in NCAA men's Division I history.

2011–12 Southeastern Conference men's basketball season

The 2011–12 Southeastern Conference men's basketball season began with practices on October 15, 2011 and ended with the SEC Tournament on March 8–11, 2012 at the New Orleans Arena in New Orleans.

This was the first season for the SEC's one-division alignment in men's basketball. The league's head coaches voted at the league's annual meeting on June 1, 2011 to eliminate the divisional format, starting with the 2011–12 season.

2012 NBA draft

The 2012 NBA Draft was held on June 28, 2012, at Prudential Center in Newark, New Jersey. The draft started at 7:00 pm Eastern Daylight Time (2300 UTC), and was broadcast in the United States on ESPN. In this draft, National Basketball Association (NBA) teams took turns selecting amateur U.S. college basketball players and other eligible players, including international players. This draft marked the first time that the first two players selected were from the same school (Anthony Davis and Michael Kidd-Gilchrist were teammates at Kentucky). It also set a record of having six players from one school (Kentucky) being selected in the two rounds of the draft and was the first draft to have the first three selections be college freshmen all from the same conference, the Southeastern Conference. Not only that, but it also featured the oldest player to ever get selected in an NBA draft, with Bernard James being 27 years old at the time of the draft. Of the players drafted, 30 are forwards, 21 are guards, and 9 are centers.

The 2012 NBA draft marked the first appearance of the Brooklyn Nets. This draft also marks the last draft appearance for the New Orleans Hornets. After the 2012–13 season, the franchise was renamed as the New Orleans Pelicans. New Orleans made their first draft appearance as the Pelicans in 2013.

2012 NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans

An All-American team is an honorary sports team composed of the best amateur players of a specific season for each team position—who in turn are given the honorific "All-America" and typically referred to as "All-American athletes", or simply "All-Americans". Although the honorees generally do not compete together as a unit, the term is used in U.S. team sports to refer to players who are selected by members of the national media. Walter Camp selected the first All-America team in the early days of American football in 1889. The 2012 NCAA Men's Basketball All-Americans are honorary lists that include All-American selections from the Associated Press (AP), the United States Basketball Writers Association (USBWA), the Sporting News (TSN), and the National Association of Basketball Coaches (NABC) for the 2011–12 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. All selectors choose at least a first and second 5-man team. The NABC, TSN and AP choose third teams, while AP also lists honorable mention selections.

The Consensus 2012 College Basketball All-American team is determined by aggregating the results of the four major All-American teams as determined by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Since United Press International was replaced by TSN in 1997, the four major selectors have been the aforementioned ones. AP has been a selector since 1948, NABC since 1957 and USBWA since 1960. To earn "consensus" status, a player must win honors based on a point system computed from the four different all-America teams. The point system consists of three points for first team, two points for second team and one point for third team. No honorable mention or fourth team or lower are used in the computation. The top five totals plus ties are first team and the next five plus ties are second team.Although the aforementioned lists are used to determine consensus honors, there are numerous other All-American lists. The ten finalists for the John Wooden Award are described as Wooden All-Americans. The ten finalists for the Lowe's Senior CLASS Award are described as Senior All-Americans. Other All-American lists include those determined by Fox Sports, and Yahoo! Sports. The scholar-athletes selected by College Sports Information Directors of America (CoSIDA) are termed Academic All-Americans.

2012–13 Charlotte Bobcats season

The 2012–13 Charlotte Bobcats season was the 23rd season of NBA basketball in Charlotte, and their ninth as the Charlotte Bobcats. Charlotte finished the season on a three-game winning streak, and the team's 21–61 record was enough to finish fourth in the Southeast division for the eighth time in nine seasons. The Bobcats tripled their win total from the prior lockout-shortened season, and showed signs of improvement.

2014–15 Charlotte Hornets season

The 2014–15 Charlotte Hornets season was the franchise's 25th season in the National Basketball Association (NBA). This was the Charlotte Hornets’ first appearance in the NBA since 2002. The team had been known as the Charlotte Bobcats since 2004. However, when the team formally changed its name to the Hornets on May 20, 2014; they also reclaimed the history and records of the original Charlotte Hornets franchise from the 1988–89 NBA season through the 2001–02 NBA season. The New Orleans Pelicans retained the remaining history that exists under the New Orleans(/Oklahoma City) Hornets name from the 2002–03 NBA season through the 2012–13 NBA season. The team was led by head coach Steve Clifford and assistant coaches Patrick Ewing, Bob Beyer, Stephen Silas, Bob Weiss, and Mark Price.

2016–17 Charlotte Hornets season

The 2016–17 Charlotte Hornets season was the 27th season of the franchise in the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the fourth season under head coach Steve Clifford.

Can-Can (musical)

Can-Can is a musical with music and lyrics by Cole Porter, and a book by Abe Burrows. The story concerns the showgirls of the Montmartre dance halls during the 1890s.

The original Broadway production ran for over two years beginning in 1953, and the 1954 West End production was also a success. Gwen Verdon, in only her second Broadway role, and choreographer Michael Kidd won Tony Awards and were praised, but both the score and book received tepid reviews, and revivals generally have not fared well.

Charlotte Hornets accomplishments and records

This is a list of the accomplishments and records of the current Charlotte Hornets. The Hornets, known from their creation in 2004 until May 2014 as the Charlotte Bobcats, are an American professional basketball team currently playing in the National Basketball Association (NBA).

The current Hornets are the second NBA team to have played under that name. The original Hornets played in Charlotte from 1988 until moving to New Orleans in 2002; since 2013, they have been known as the New Orleans Pelicans.

Cyrano (musical)

Cyrano is a musical with a book and lyrics by Anthony Burgess and music by Michael J. Lewis.

Based on Edmond Rostand's classic 1897 play of the same name, it focuses on a love triangle involving the large-nosed poetic Cyrano de Bergerac, his beautiful cousin Roxana, and his classically handsome but inarticulate friend Christian de Neuvillette who, unaware of Cyrano's unrequited passion for Roxana, imposes upon him to provide the romantic words he can use to woo her successfully in mid-17th century Paris.

In the early 1960s, David Merrick had announced plans to produce a musical entitled Cyrano with a score by Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley, but nothing came of the project. Burgess had translated the Rostand play for the Guthrie in Minneapolis, and director Michael Langham suggested he adapt it for a musical version. Burgess joined forces with film composer Lewis, replacing dialogue in his play with musical numbers, and the completed work was staged at the Guthrie, again with Langham at the helm.

Following a tryout in Boston's Colonial Theatre and five previews, the Broadway production, directed and choreographed by Michael Kidd, opened on May 13, 1973 at the Palace Theatre, where it ran for 49 performances. The cast included Christopher Plummer as Cyrano, Leigh Beery as Roxana, and Mark Lamos as Christian, with Tovah Feldshuh making her Broadway debut in two small supporting roles.

Plummer won the Tony for Best Actor in a Musical and Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Performance, and Beery was Tony-nominated for Best Featured Actress in a Musical.

An original cast recording LP was released by A&M Records in 1973. An original cast recording CD was released by Decca Records in 2005.

In September 1994, an abridged version of the musical was staged at The Newport Arts Center in Orange County, California. Directed by Kent Johnson, and starring John Huntington as Cyrano and Deirdre McGill as Roxanne. One song, "You Have Made Me Love", released on a Broadway standards album sung by McGill.

Dancing in the Dark (Howard Dietz and Arthur Schwartz song)

"Dancing in the Dark" is a popular American song, with music by Arthur Schwartz and lyrics by Howard Dietz, that was first introduced by John Barker in the 1931 revue The Band Wagon. The song was first recorded by Bing Crosby on August 19, 1931 with Studio Orchestra directed by Victor Young, staying on the pop charts for six weeks, peaking at #3, and helping to make it a lasting standard.

The 1941 recording by Artie Shaw and His Orchestra earned Shaw one of his eight gold records at the height of the Big Band era of the 1930s and 1940s.

It was subsequently featured in the classic 1953 MGM musical The Band Wagon and has since come to be considered part of the Great American Songbook. In the film it is orchestrally performed to a ballet dance set in Central Park. The song is given a 'sensual and dramatic' orchestration by Conrad Salinger, with the dance choreographed by Michael Kidd and performed by Fred Astaire and Cyd Charisse.

It's Always Fair Weather

It's Always Fair Weather is a 1955 MGM musical satire scripted by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, who also wrote the show's lyrics, with music by André Previn and starring Gene Kelly, Dan Dailey, Cyd Charisse, Dolores Gray, and dancer/choreographer Michael Kidd in his first film acting role.

The film, co-directed by Kelly and Stanley Donen, was made in CinemaScope and Eastmancolor. Although well received critically at the time, it was not a commercial success, and is widely regarded as the last of the major MGM dance oriented musicals. In recent years it has been recognized as a seminal film because of the inventiveness of its dance routines.

It's Always Fair Weather is noted for its downbeat theme, which may have hurt it at the box office, and has been called a rare "cynical musical".

Merry Andrew (film)

Merry Andrew is a 1958 American musical film directed and choreographed by Michael Kidd and starring Danny Kaye. The screenplay by Isobel Lennart and I.A.L. Diamond is based on the short story "The Romance of Henry Menafee" by Paul Gallico. Saul Chaplin composed the music and Johnny Mercer wrote the lyrics for the film's score.

Michael Kidd-Gilchrist

Michael Anthony Edward Kidd-Gilchrist (born Michael Gilchrist on September 26, 1993) is an American professional basketball player for the Charlotte Hornets of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

Michael Kidd (physician)

Michael Richard Kidd AM (born 11 November 1959) is an Australian medical practitioner, academic and author. He is a past president of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) and a past president of the World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA).

Seven Brides for Seven Brothers

Seven Brides for Seven Brothers is a 1954 American musical film, photographed in Ansco Color in the CinemaScope format. The film was directed by Stanley Donen, with music by Saul Chaplin and Gene de Paul, lyrics by Johnny Mercer, and choreography by Michael Kidd. The screenplay, by Albert Hackett, Frances Goodrich, and Dorothy Kingsley, is based on the short story "The Sobbin' Women", by Stephen Vincent Benét, which was based in turn on the Ancient Roman legend of The Rape of the Sabine Women. Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, which is set in Oregon in 1850, is particularly known for Kidd's unusual choreography, which makes dance numbers out of such mundane frontier pursuits as chopping wood and raising a barn. Film critic Stephanie Zacharek has called the barn-raising sequence in Seven Brides "one of the most rousing dance numbers ever put on screen."Seven Brides for Seven Brothers won the Academy Award for Best Scoring of a Musical Picture and was nominated for four additional awards, including Best Picture (where it lost the award to Elia Kazan's On the Waterfront). In 2006, American Film Institute named Seven Brides for Seven Brothers as one of the best American musical films ever made. In 2004, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers was selected for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry of the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."

Tony Award for Best Choreography

The Tony Award for Best Choreography is awarded to acknowledge the contributions of choreographers in both musicals and plays. The award has been given since 1947, but nominees were not announced until 1956.

Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical

This is a list of winners and nominations for the Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical. Prior to 1960, category for direction included plays and musicals.

Awards for Michael Kidd

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