Michael Vincent DiSalle (January 6, 1908 – September 16, 1981) was an American attorney and Democratic politician from Ohio. He served as the Mayor of Toledo, Ohio and as the 60th Governor of Ohio.
DiSalle in 1962
|60th Governor of Ohio|
January 12, 1959 – January 14, 1963
|Lieutenant||John W. Donahey|
|Preceded by||C. William O'Neill|
|Succeeded by||Jim Rhodes|
Michael Vincent DiSalle
January 6, 1908
New York, New York, U.S.
|Died||September 16, 1981 (aged 73)|
Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy
Myrtle Eugene England (m. 1929)
He was born in New York City, to Italian American immigrant parents, Anthony and Assunta DiSalle. His family moved to Toledo, Ohio, when he was three years old. He graduated with a bachelor's degree from Georgetown University and married the former Myrtle E. England. The couple had four daughters and one son.
DiSalle attended law school and was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1932. He was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives in 1937, then ran for and was elected to a series of positions in Toledo. In 1946, DiSalle ran for a seat in the United States House of Representatives but lost to the incumbent, Republican Homer A. Ramey. DiSalle was elected as mayor of Toledo, and served from 1948 to 1950.
He ran (unsuccessfully) for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate in 1950. In December 1950, President Harry S. Truman named DiSalle director of the Office of Price Stabilization, a Korean War-era agency which established and enforced wartime price controls. He resigned on January 23, 1952, to run for the Senate again, and lost in the general election to incumbent Republican Senator John W. Bricker.
DiSalle was the Democratic nominee for Governor of Ohio in 1956, but was defeated. In 1958 DiSalle had a rematch against his opponent, C. William O'Neill. This time DiSalle won. The length of the Governor's term had been increased to four years and DiSalle served from 1959 to 1963. In July 1959 DiSalle signed the bill making "With God, all things are possible" the official motto of the State of Ohio. The motto is derived from the Gospel of Matthew 19:26.
DiSalle was Ohio's favorite son candidate for the Democratic nomination for the presidency in 1960. He ran only in his home state, which he won by a comfortable margin of 60.25% against his opponent, Albert S. Porter. This secured him sixth place in total popular vote in the primaries (behind John F. Kennedy, Pat Brown, George H. McLain, Hubert Humphrey and George Smathers).
He lost reelection as governor in 1962 after voters disapproved of his support for an end to capital punishment, a tax hike, and a state policy that billed wards of the state for living necessities.
DiSalle was a death penalty opponent and commuted a number of sentences, despite allowing six executions as governor. DiSalle personally investigated all cases of people scheduled to be electrocuted and even personally met with some of them. "To demonstrate his faith in rehabilitation, [DiSalle] made it a point to hire convicted murderers to serve on his household staff."
One of DiSalle's primary concerns regarding the death penalty was that poorer defendants did not have the same access to counsel as rich defendants, and therefore would suffer the death penalty disproportionately. He recalled: I found that the men in death row had one thing in common: they were penniless.
After leaving Governorship DiSalle co-founded and served as a chairman of the National Committee to Abolish Federal Death Penalty. His 1965 book, The Power of Life or Death, discusses this issue and chronicles his difficult experiences as the man charged with making the final decision regarding a sentence commutation. He is quoted in the book Mercy on Trial: What It Means to Stop an Execution as saying, "No one who has never watched the hands of a clock marking the last minutes of a condemned man's existence, knowing that he alone has the temporary Godlike power to stop the clock, can realize the agony of deciding an appeal for executive clemency."
In 1966, he joined the Washington, D.C., law firm of Chapman, Duff & Paul. The same year, DiSalle also authored the book Second Choice, a history of the U.S. vice presidency. In 1979, he co-founded the law firm of DiSalle & Staudinger in Washington, D.C.
Disalle has two current structures in Ohio named for him:
Also, the DiSalle Center (no longer standing) at the Ohio Expo Center and State Fair in Columbus, Ohio, was named in honor of DiSalle.
C. William O'Neill
| Governor of Ohio
Lloyd Emerson Roulet
| Mayor of Toledo
|Party political offices|
| Democratic Party nominee for Governor of Ohio
1956, 1958, 1962
Frazier Reams Jr.
The 1958 Ohio gubernatorial election was held on November 4, 1958. Democratic nominee Michael DiSalle defeated incumbent Republican C. William O'Neill with 56.92% of the vote.1960 Democratic Party presidential primaries
The 1960 Democratic presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Democratic Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1960 U.S. presidential election. Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts was selected as the nominee through a series of primary elections and caucuses culminating in the 1960 Democratic National Convention held from July 11 to July 15, 1960, in Los Angeles, California.1962 Ohio gubernatorial election
The 1962 Ohio gubernatorial election was held on November 6, 1962. Republican nominee Jim Rhodes defeated Democratic incumbent Michael DiSalle with 58.92% of the vote.Albert S. Porter
Albert S. Porter (November 4, 1904 – January 7, 1979) was an American politician from Ohio.Carl Henry Keller
Carl Henry Keller (January 9, 1875 - March 29, 1952) was the mayor of Toledo, Ohio from 1914 to 1915.Electoral history of John F. Kennedy
Electoral history of John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States (1961–1963); United States Senator (1953–1960) and United States Representative (1947–1953) from Massachusetts.
Massachusetts's 11th congressional district, 1946 (Democratic primary):
John F. Kennedy – 22,183 (42.41%)
Michael J. Neville – 11,341 (21.68%)
John F. Cotter – 6,677 (12.76%)
Joseph Russo – 5,661 (10.82%)
Catherine E. Falvey – 2,446 (4.68%)
Joseph Lee – 1,848 (3.53%)
Joseph Russo – 799 (1.53%)
Michael DeLuca – 536 (1.03%)
Francis N. Rooney – 521 (1.00%)
Robert B. DiFruscio – 298 (0.57%)Massachusetts's 11th congressional district, 1946:
John F. Kennedy (D) – 69,093 (71.87%)
Lester Bowen (R) – 26,007 (27.05%)
Philip Geer (Prohibition) – 1,036 (1.08%)Massachusetts's 11th congressional district, 1948:
John F. Kennedy (D) - 106,366 (100.00%)Massachusetts's 11th congressional district, 1950:
John F. Kennedy (D) (inc.) – 87,699 (82.28%)
Vincent J. Celeste (R) – 18,302 (17.17%)
Martha E. Geer (Prohibition) – 582 (0.55%)Massachusetts United States Senate election, 1952:
John F. Kennedy (D) – 1,211,984 (51.35%)
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R) – 1,141,247 (48.35%)
Thelma Ingersoll (Socialist Labor) – 4,683 (0.20%)
Mark R. Shaw (Prohibition) – 2,508 (0.11%)Democratic presidential primary in Massachusetts, 1956:
John W. McCormack – 26,128 (47.92%)
Adlai Stevenson II – 19,024 (34.89%)
Estes Kefauver – 4,547 (8.34%)
Dwight D. Eisenhower – 1,850 (3.39%)
John F. Kennedy – 949 (1.74%)
W. Averell Harriman – 394 (0.72%)
Frank J. Lausche – 253 (0.46%)
Others – 1,379 (2.53%)(All candidates ran as write-ins)
1956 Democratic presidential primaries:
Adlai Stevenson II – 3,069,504 (50.70%)
Estes Kefauver – 2,283,172 (37.71%)
Unpledged delegates – 380,300 (6.28%)
Frank J. Lausche – 278,074 (4.59%)
John W. McCormack – 26,128 (0.43%)
Dwight D. Eisenhower – 6,358 (0.11%)
W. Averell Harriman – 3,368 (0.06%)
Robert Meyner – 1,129 (0.02%)
John F. Kennedy – 949 (0.02%)
Harry S. Truman – 728 (0.01%)
Stuart Symington – 402 (0.01%)
Paul A. Dever – 207 (0.00%)
Lyndon B. Johnson – 2 (0.00%)
Others – 3,610 (0.06%)1956 Democratic National Convention (Vice Presidential tally):
Estes Kefauver – 466.5
John F. Kennedy – 294.5
Albert Gore, Sr. – 178
Robert F. Wagner, Jr. – 162.5
Hubert Humphrey – 134
Luther Hodges – 40
P. T. Maner – 33
LeRoy Collins – 29
Clinton Anderson – 16
Frank G. Clement – 14
Pat Brown – 1
Lyndon B. Johnson – 1
Stuart Symington – 1Second ballot:
John F. Kennedy – 618
Estes Kefauver – 551.5
Albert Gore, Sr. – 110.5
Hubert Humphrey – 74.5
Robert F. Wagner, Jr. – 9.5
Luther Hodges – 0.5Third ballot:
Estes Kefauver – 755.5
John F. Kennedy – 589
Albert Gore, Sr. – 13.5
Robert F. Wagner, Jr. – 6
Hubert Humphrey – 2Massachusetts United States Senate election, 1958:
John F. Kennedy (D) (inc.) – 1,362,926 (73.20%)
Vincent J. Celeste (R) – 488,318 (26.23%)
Lawrence Gilfedder (Socialist Labor) – 5,457 (0.29%)
Mark R. Shaw (Prohibition) – 5,335 (0.29%)1960 Democratic presidential primaries:
John F. Kennedy – 1,847,259 (31.43%)
Pat Brown – 1,354,031 (23.04%)
George H. McLain – 646,387 (11.00%)
Hubert Humphrey – 590,410 (10.05%)
George Smathers – 322,235 (5.48%)
Michael DiSalle – 315,312 (5.37%)
Unpledged delegates – 241,958 (4.12%)
Albert S. Potter – 208,057 (3.54%)
Wayne Morse – 147,262 (2.51%)
Adlai Stevenson II – 51,833 (0.88%)1960 Democratic National Convention (Presidential tally):
John F. Kennedy – 806 (52.89%)
Lyndon B. Johnson – 409 (26.84%)
Stuart Symington – 86 (5.64%)
Adlai Stevenson II – 80 (5.25%)
Robert Meyner – 43 (2.82%)
Hubert Humphrey – 42 (2.76%)
George Smathers – 30 (1.97%)
Ross Barnett – 23 (1.51%)
Herschel C. Loveless – 2 (0.13%)
Pat Brown – 1 (0.07%)
Orval E. Faubus – 1 (0.07%)
Albert Rosellini – 1 (0.07%)United States presidential election, 1960:
John F. Kennedy/Lyndon B. Johnson (D) – 34,220,984 (49.7%) and 303 electoral votes (22 states carried)
Richard Nixon/Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R) – 34,108,157 (49.5%) and 219 electoral votes (26 states carried)
Harry F. Byrd/Strom Thurmond (I) – 286,359 (0.4%) and 14 electoral votes (2 states carried)
Harry F. Byrd/Barry Goldwater (I) – 1 electoral vote (Oklahoma faithless elector)
Orval E. Faubus/James G. Crommelin (States' Rights) – 44,984 (0.1%)Harry W. Kessler
Harry W. Kessler (August 15, 1927 – January 2, 2007) was a Democratic politician who served as the Mayor of the City of Toledo, Ohio from January 27, 1971 until December 1, 1977.
1971–1977: Toledo Mayor
1969–1970: Toledo Vice Mayor
1965–1969: Toledo City Councilman
1978–1991: Toledo Municipal Court Clerk of Courts
1992–1995: Board Member, Toledo Public Schools
1979–1998: Board Member, Toledo Lucas-County Public LibraryHe has also served as President of the Toledo Lucas County Visitors & Convention Bureau.James Myers (politician)
James Myers was an American politician who served as the second Lieutenant Governor of Ohio from 1854 to 1856.Jim Rhodes
James Allen Rhodes (September 13, 1909 – March 4, 2001) was an American Republican politician from Ohio, and as of 2019 one of only seven US state governors to serve 4 four-year terms in office. (The other six were Edwin Edwards, George Wallace, Jim Hunt, Bill Janklow, Jerry Brown, and Terry Branstad.) Rhodes is tied for the fourth longest gubernatorial tenure in post-Constitutional U.S. history at 5,840 days.As governor in 1970, Rhodes sent National Guard troops onto the Kent State University campus at the request of Kent, Ohio's mayor, after the ROTC building was burned down by unknown arsonists on May 2. On May 4, four students were killed and nine others were wounded by the Guard. One victim, Dean Kahler, suffered permanent paralysis.John F. Kennedy 1960 presidential campaign
The 1960 presidential campaign of John F. Kennedy, then United States Senator from Massachusetts, began on January 2, 1960, when Kennedy formally announced his candidacy for 35th President of the United States, replacing incumbent President of the United States Dwight D. Eisenhower. Kennedy was nominated by the Democratic Party at the Democratic National Convention of 1960, taking place between July 11 and July 15, 1960. On July 15, 1960, Kennedy named Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas as his official running mate. Kennedy and Johnson won the election on November 8, 1960, defeating incumbent Vice President and Republican nominee Richard Nixon, who would later go on to be the 37th President of the United States. Kennedy and Johnson were sworn in as 35th President and 37th Vice President of the United States on January 20, 1961 respectively. Kennedy would serve as President of the United States until his death in November 1963.
On January 5, Kennedy received the endorsement of Michael DiSalle.Kennedy won the New Hampshire primary on March 8 without facing any opposition. After the results came in, Kennedy expressed enthusiasm while in Madison: "I'm very happy about it; we did better than I thought we would."The next primary was in Wisconsin. The year prior to the primaries, in June 1959, Kennedy met Jerry Bruno, who had organized the campaign of William Proxmire for the U.S. Senate, JFK making the request for the latter to open a campaign headquarters for him in Milwaukee. On January 21, 1960, Kennedy announced his intent to compete in Wisconsin. Days before the primary, Kennedy said it had been the "toughest, closest, most meaningful".Humphrey's entry into the Wisconsin primary gave the Kennedy campaign the two objectives of decisively defeating him in most parts of the state to end his candidacy altogether and portray JFK's national appeal at capturing votes. In the West Virginia primary, one of the goals the Kennedy campaign had was to financially weaken Humphrey's campaign, alongside the use of attack ads against him.John W. Donahey
John William Donahey (August 26, 1905 – March 5, 1967) was an American politician of the Democratic Party, who served as the 53rd Lieutenant Governor of Ohio from 1959 to 1963. Donahey died at Grant Hospital in Columbus in March 1967 of a heart attack.Donahey's wife, Gertrude Walton Donahey (August 4, 1908 – July 11, 2004) served as Ohio State Treasurer from 1971 to 1983. Donahey was the son of prominent Ohio politician A. Victor Donahey.List of mayors of Toledo, Ohio
This is a list of Mayors of Toledo, Ohio.List of tallest buildings in Toledo, Ohio
This list of tallest buildings in Toledo, Ohio ranks by height the skyscrapers and high-rise buildings in the U.S. city of Toledo, Ohio. The tallest, at 411 feet (125 m), is the 32-story Fifth Third Center at One SeaGate on the downtown riverfront.Lloyd Emerson Roulet
Lloyd Emerson Roulet (September 15, 1891 - February 6, 1985), born in Toledo, Ohio was the Republican mayor of Toledo from 1943–47 and 1952-53. He was an alternate delegate to the 1952 Republican National Convention from Ohio. He was also a jeweler and member of the Freemasons.He died at the age of 93 and is interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in Toledo.Louis J. Schneider Jr.
Louis Jacob Schneider Jr. was a Republican lawyer from Ohio who was elected twice to the Ohio Supreme Court. Before his judicial service he was in the Ohio House of Representatives, a county commissioner, the state tax commissioner, and was a legal author.
Schneider was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on September 26, 1921, the son of Louis J. and Florence Schneider. He graduated Cincinnati public schools and attended Princeton University 1939 to 1941. He then attended the University of Cincinnati, graduating in 1943. He then entered the United States Army, commissioned as a first lieutenant. He was discharged in 1946.Schneider graduated from the Cincinnati Law School in 1949, passed the bar exam, and entered private practice. In 1952, he and his father authored Schneider's Criminal Code, which was reprinted a number of times.Schneider served in the Ohio House of Representatives from 1951 to 1959, was Hamilton County commissioner from 1959 to 1963, and was Ohio tax commissioner in 1963 and 1964 under Governor Jim Rhodes. In November 1964, he ran for the remaining two years of the unexpired term of James F. Bell, who had resigned in 1962. He defeated Lynn B. Griffith, who had been appointed to the seat by previous governor Michael DiSalle, and was sworn in when the election results were certified.Schneider ran for a full six-year term on the Supreme Court in 1966, and defeated Clifford F. Brown. He tried for a second full term in 1972, but lost to William B. Brown. He then returned to private practice in Cincinnati.On September 5, 1947, Schneider was married to Ruth Ann Kirkendall. They had three children. He died December 15, 1999, was cremated, and was interred in Spring Grove Cemetery.Lynn B. Griffith
Lynn Bart Griffith was a judge from Trumbull County, Ohio who was elected multiple times to Ohio Seventh District Court of Appeals and was appointed to the Ohio Supreme Court in 1962.
Griffith was born in West Farmington, Ohio on October 30, 1886, the son of Herbert F. and Lovira M. (Snyder) Griffith. He attended the Mt. Hermon, Massachusetts Boys School, and graduated from Oberlin Academy in 1906. He graduated from Oberlin College in 1910, attended University of Pennsylvania Law School 1911 to 1913, and graduated from Western Reserve University School of Law in 1914. He was admitted to the bar June of that year.Griffith began a private practice in Warren, Ohio in 1914. In 1925 and 1926, he was Warren City Solicitor. He was Trumbull County, Ohio prosecuting attorney 1927 and 1928. He faced Clarence Darrow in a bribery case that ended in a hung jury. Darrow would later visit the Griffith farm when passing through Trumbull County. Another house-guest of Griffith was William Jennings Bryan, who died a few days after visiting Griffith.In 1930, Griffith was elected to the Trumbull County Court of Common Pleas, and held that seat until 1950. That year, Governor Frank Lausche appointed Griffith to fill an unexpired term on Ohio Seventh District Court of Appeals. He won re-election in 1954 and 1960. On October 8, 1962, Governor Michael DiSalle appointed Griffith to replace James F. Bell, resigned, on the Ohio Supreme Court. He ran for the unexpired portion of Bell's term in 1964, but was defeated by Louis J. Schneider, Jr.In 1965, Griffith returned to Warren, and practiced with Letson, Griffith, Knightlinger and Woodall. He was active as a lawyer until he died in Warren on July 18, 1978.Griffith married Stata Norton Miller on September 9, 1916. They had three children. He was a member of Delta Theta Phi, Masonic Order, Knight's Templar, Knights of Pythias, and was a Democrat.Michael DiSalle Government Center
Michael DiSalle Government Center is the fourth tallest building in Toledo located on 1 Government Center. The building is named after Michael DiSalle who was elected Governor of Ohio in 1958.Rankin Gibson
Rankin MacDougal Gibson was a Democratic lawyer from Missouri who settled in Ohio. He occupied positions in the administration of Governor Michael DiSalle, and was appointed to the Ohio Supreme Court in 1963 and 1964.
Rankin Gibson was the son of Alexander and Murle Fletcher Gibson. He was born October 9, 1916 in Unionville, Missouri. He attended Northeast Missouri State Teachers College 1934 to 1936, and graduated from the University of Missouri School of Law in 1939. He passed the bar that year and opened a practice in Unionville. In 1940, he began working as an attorney for T.H. Mastin & Co., an insurance company in St. Louis, Missouri.
From 1945 to 1951, Gibson worked for the Veteran's Administration in Des Moines, Iowa, St. Paul, Minnesota, and Washington, D.C. He earned a bachelor of science in law from St. Paul College of Law in 1948 and a master of law from George Washington Law School in 1950. In 1951 he worked for the Wage Stabilization Board as an enforcement and litigation attorney. He also joined the faculty of the University of Toledo College of Law in 1951, working there until 1956. He was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1954.In 1956, Gibson joined the Toledo, Ohio firm DiSalle, Green, Haddad & Lynch. He moved to Columbus, Ohio in 1959, to serve as assistant to Ohio Governor Michael DiSalle. For 1959 to 1961 he served on the Interstate Cooperation Committee and as chairman of the Governor's Committee on Public Information. He also taught at Franklin University School of Law. He was director of the Ohio Department of Commerce, a member of the Ohio Water Pollution Board, The Civil War Centennial Commission, and the Ohio Housing Board from 1961 to 1962. In 1963, he was named to head the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio.In 1962, Kingsley A. Taft was elected Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court, starting Jan 1, 1963. This created a vacancy on the court, to which Governor LaSalle appointed Gibson. He was required to run for the unexpired portion of Taft's term in November 1964, and lost to Republican Paul W. Brown.Beginning in 1965, Gibson returned to private practice with Lucas, Predergast, Albright, Gibson and Newman. In 1972, he was president of the Ohio State Bar Association.Rankin Gibson married Eloise M. Corns on September 13, 1941. They had two children. He lived in Galloway, Ohio and died on June 4, 2001 at West Jefferson, Ohio.William T. Jackson
William Trayton Jackson (May 8, 1876 – October 3, 1933) was an American politician. He served as mayor of Toledo, Ohio between 1928 and 1931.