Michael Bay

Michael Benjamin Bay (born February 17, 1965)[1] is an American filmmaker known for directing and producing big-budget, high-concept action films characterized by fast cutting, stylistic visuals and extensive use of special effects, including frequent depictions of explosions.[2][3] The films he has produced and directed, which include Armageddon (1998), Pearl Harbor (2001) and the Transformers film series (2007–present), have grossed over US$7.8 billion worldwide, making him one of the most commercially successful directors in history.[4][5]

He is co-founder of commercial production house The Institute, a.k.a. The Institute for the Development of Enhanced Perceptual Awareness.[6] He co-owns Platinum Dunes, a production house which has remade horror movies including The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003), The Amityville Horror (2005), The Hitcher (2007), Friday the 13th (2009) and A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010).[7]

Despite his commercial success at the box office, Bay's work is generally held in low esteem by film critics. While The Rock (1996) and Transformers (2007) received moderately positive reviews, his other films, including the four Transformers sequels, have been received negatively by critics.

Michael Bay
Michael.bay
Bay in 2006
Born
Michael Benjamin Bay

February 17, 1965 (age 53)
ResidenceMiami, Florida
Bel Air, California
NationalityAmerican
Alma materWesleyan University
Art Center College of Design
OccupationFilm director, producer, camera operator, actor
Years active1986–present
Notable work
RelativesLeonard Nimoy (cousin-in-law)
Websitewww.michaelbay.com

Early life

Michael Bay was born in Los Angeles. He was raised by his adoptive parents Harriet, a bookstore owner/child psychiatrist, and Jim, a Certified Public Accountant (CPA).[8] Bay was raised Jewish.[9][10][11] His grandfather was from Russia.[12] His cousin, Susan Bay, is the widow of Star Trek actor Leonard Nimoy (whom he eventually cast as the voice actor for Sentinel Prime in Transformers: Dark of the Moon).[13] He attended the exclusive Crossroads School, in Santa Monica, California.[14] Bay often traces his interest in action films back to an incident during his childhood. As a boy, he attached some firecrackers to a toy train and filmed the ensuing fiery disaster with his mother's 8 millimeter camera. The fire department was called and he was grounded.[15]

Career

Bay got his start in the film industry interning with George Lucas when he was fifteen, filing the storyboards for Raiders of the Lost Ark, which he thought was going to be terrible. His opinion changed after seeing it in the theater and he was so impressed by the experience that he decided to become a film director.[16] He graduated from Wesleyan University in 1986, majoring in both English and Film.[17][18] He was a member of the Psi Upsilon fraternity and a favorite student of film historian Jeanine Basinger.[19] For his graduate work, he attended Art Center College of Design in Pasadena where he also studied film.[20]

Michael Bay began working at Propaganda Films, directing commercials and music videos, two weeks after finishing his post-graduate degree.[20] His 90-second World War II-inspired Coca-Cola advertisement was picked up by Capitol Records. His first national commercial for the Red Cross, which won a Clio Award in 1992.[21][22] He directed Goodby, Silverstein & Partners "Got Milk?" advertisement campaign for the California Milk Processors Board in 1993, which also won a Grand Prix Clio Award for Commercial of the Year.[23][24]

Bay's success in music videos gained the attention of producers Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson, who selected him to direct his first feature-length film, Bad Boys. The film was shot in Miami in 1994 and starred Will Smith and Martin Lawrence. The action film proved to be a break-out role for Smith, who was segueing from television to films at that time. Shooting in Miami was a good experience for Bay, who would later own a home in the city and spend a great deal of time there.[25] The film was completed for $19 million and grossed a remarkable $141 million at the box office in the summer of 1995.[26] Bay's success led to a strong partnership and friendship with Jerry Bruckheimer.[27]

His follow-up film, The Rock (1996), was an action movie set on Alcatraz Island, and in the San Francisco Bay area. It starred Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage and Ed Harris. It was also produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson, the latter of whom died five months before the film's release. The film is dedicated to him.[28] Connery and Cage won 'Best On-Screen Duo' at the MTV Movie Awards in 1997 and the film was nominated for an Academy Award in the Best Achievement in Sound category for the work of Greg P. Russell, Kevin O'Connell, and Keith A. Wester.[29][30] After the success of The Rock, Bay established his production company Bay Films, with a two-picture deal with Disney.

Michael Bay 060530-F-4692S-004
Michael Bay on the set of Transformers, New Mexico, May 2006

In 1998, Bay collaborated with Jerry Bruckheimer again, this time as a co-producer, as well as directing the action-adventure film Armageddon.[31][32] The film, about a group of tough oil drillers who are sent by NASA to deflect an asteroid away from a collision course with Earth, starred Bruce Willis, Billy Bob Thornton, Ben Affleck and Liv Tyler. It was nominated for 4 Oscars at the 71st Academy Awards including Best Sound, Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Editing, and Best Original Song.[33] The film earned 9.6 million dollars on its opening day and a total of 36.5 million through the first weekend.[34] The production budget, $140 million, was one of the highest of the summer of 1998. Armageddon went on to gross over $553 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of that year.[35]

In 2001, Bay directed Pearl Harbor. It starred Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Kate Beckinsale and Cuba Gooding, Jr. The film was released on Memorial Day weekend in 2001. Again, Bay produced the film with Jerry Bruckheimer. The film received four Academy Award nominations, including Best Sound, Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Editing and Best Song. Again, Kevin O'Connell received another nomination for Best Sound, but he did not win. Pearl Harbor won in the category for Sound Editing, making it Bay's first (and, to date, only) film to win an Oscar.[36] Michael Bay also directed the music video for nominated track "There You'll Be" by vocal artist Faith Hill.[20]

Bay reteamed with Will Smith and Martin Lawrence for Bad Boys II, a sequel which also marked Bay's fifth collaboration with Jerry Bruckheimer. The film grossed $138 million domestically, enough to cover the production budget, and $273 million worldwide, almost twice as much as the first movie. In 2005, Bay directed The Island, a science fiction film starring Ewan McGregor and Scarlett Johansson. It was the first film Bay made without Jerry Bruckheimer as a producer. The Island cost $126 million to produce and earned $35 million domestically and $172 million worldwide. Bay stated that he was not comfortable with the domestic marketing campaign, as it confused the audience to the true subject of the film.[37]

Michael Bay filming
Bay filming Transformers: Age of Extinction; actresses Abigail Klein, Melanie Specht and Victoria Summer are walking in a corridor.

In 2007, he directed and teamed up with Steven Spielberg to produce Transformers, a live action film based on the Transformers franchise. The film was released in the U.S. and Canada on July 3, 2007, with 8 p.m. preview screenings on July 2. The previews earned $8.8 million, and in its first day of general release it grossed $27.8 million, a record for Tuesday box office attendance. It broke the record held by Spider-Man 2 for the biggest July 4 gross, making $29 million. On its opening weekend, Transformers grossed $70.5 million, amounting to a $155.4 million opening week, giving it the record for the biggest opening week for a non-sequel. As of November 2007, the film has made over $319 million domestically and over $709 million worldwide.[38] Bay returned as director and executive producer for Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen, which was released on June 24, 2009 and went on to gross over $832 million worldwide. Although it received mostly negative reviews by critics,[39] including aggressively critical reviews by American film critics such as Roger Ebert,[40] Michael Phillips[41] and David Denby (who referred to Bay as "stunningly, almost viciously, untalented"),[42] the film was well received by its intended audience and was one of the highest-grossing films of 2009.[43][44] In 2010, it earned seven Golden Raspberry Award nominations and winning three: Worst Picture, Worst Director and Worst Screenplay.[45] It was also one of the best selling DVD and Blu-ray Discs of 2009, second only to Twilight in DVD format and the number one of all time in Blu-ray format until it was surpassed by Blu-ray sales of James Cameron's Avatar in April 2010.[46][47][48] Bay directed Transformers: Dark of the Moon, released on June 28, 2011.[49] which went on to gross $1.123 billion globally.[50] His next film was a comparatively small film he had been developing for years, called Pain & Gain.[51] The true crime story, based on events described in a Miami New Times article[52] written by Pete Collins, concerns a group of bumbling bodybuilders working together to commit a robbery.[53] It starred Mark Wahlberg, Dwayne Johnson, Anthony Mackie, Tony Shalhoub and Ed Harris.

Bay produced DreamWorks' I Am Number Four, based on a series of novels by Pittacus Lore published by HarperCollins Children's Books. D. J. Caruso (Eagle Eye, Disturbia) directed.[54][55] Bay will co-produce One Way Out, a reality series that pits ordinary people against each other as they try to keep their pasts hidden and builds toward a showdown where all those secrets will be revealed.[56]

A fourth Bay-directed Transformers movie, Transformers: Age of Extinction, was released in June 2014.[57] Starring Mark Wahlberg, the film earned $1.1 billion at the global box office [58] On January 12, 2016, Paramount Pictures released 13 Hours, which Bay produced and directed, based on the 2012 Benghazi attack. While being the lowest-grossing film at the box office of Bay's career, it went on to massive DVD sales upon its digital release in May 2016, earning over $40 million in home video revenue.[59]

On May 23, 2017, Bay was honored with his own Hand and Footprint Ceremony at The TCL Chinese Theatre. His English Mastiff, Rebel, also put her paw in the cement with Bay.[60]

Production and effects companies

Platinum Dunes

Bay founded production house Platinum Dunes with fellow producers Brad Fuller and Andrew Form in 2001.[61]

Digital Domain

Bay and Wyndcrest Holdings, a Florida-based investment firm, acquired the digital effects company Digital Domain from James Cameron and Stan Winston in 1996, infusing the struggling business with a $50 million investment. Digital Domain considered an initial public offering in 2009 but ultimately withdrew the offer, because of the lack of interest. The company was sold to Galloping Horse in 2012.

The Institute

After leaving Propaganda Films, Bay and producer Scott Gardenhour, also formerly at Propaganda, formed The Institute for the Development of Enhanced Perceptual Awareness (now known as The Institute), to produce commercials and other projects. Through The Institute, Bay has directed and produced spots for Victoria's Secret, Lexus, Budweiser, Reebok, Mercedes-Benz, and Nike. One of his Victoria Secret ads was for the 2009 "A Thousand Fantasies" holiday campaign.[62]

451 Media Group

Bay co-founded 451 Media Group with Doug Nunes (who serves as CEO), and with John and Anthony Gentile, who previously marketed brands such as Micronauts, Visionaries, Sky Dancers and the Power Glove. In 2015, the company announced an interactive publishing division to offer "augmented reality" content from printed graphic novels with digital video. The graphic novels employ Touchcode technology from T+ink (previously used in the Power Glove), in which ink used in the printing process unlocks access to exclusive content that is housed on the Machinima Network, which is transferred to users' touch-screen-enabled mobile devices when the printed books are touched to those devices. The company's premiere slate of graphic novels was unveiled at the October 2015 New York Comic-Con. The creators involved included Scott Rosenberg, Skip Woods, George Pelecanos, Mark Mallouk, Clay McLeod Chapman and Peter and Paul Williams.[63][64][65][66]

Rogue Initiative

In June 2016, Bay joined The Rogue Initiative,[67] a production studio and technology company, as a strategic advisor and stakeholder. The studio merges Hollywood production with interactive talent to generate story-driven content for games, mobile, virtual reality, mixed reality, television and feature film. As part of the partnership, Bay will develop and direct a multiplatform action-adventure game and cinematic VR experiences, based on an original IP conceived by him.

Personal life

Bay lives in Miami with his three English mastiffs, named for characters in his films. As a boy, he donated his Bar Mitzvah money to an animal shelter and often includes his English mastiff dogs in his films. Bonecrusher appeared as Mikaela's dog "Bones" in Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. Mason, his first English mastiff, was named for John Patrick Mason, played by Sean Connery in The Rock.[68] Bay previously had another dog, Mason, whose final appearance in a film was as Miles' dog in Transformers. Mason died during production of that film in March 2007.[69][70]

A March 2016 article in Rolling Stone reported that Bay owns a $50 million Gulfstream G550 jet, as well as a Bentley, a Range Rover, an Escalade, a Ferrari, a Lamborghini and two Camaros from the Transformers franchise.[71]

Filmography

Year Title Producers Writers Studio Budget Box office
1995 Bad Boys Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson Michael Barrie, Jim Mulholland, Doug Richardson and George Gallo Columbia Pictures $19 million $141.4 million
1996 The Rock David Weisberg, Douglas S. Cook and Mark Rosner Hollywood Pictures
Buena Vista Pictures
$75 million $335.1 million
1998 Armageddon Jerry Bruckheimer and Gale Anne Hurd Tony Gilroy, Shane Salerno, Jonathan Hensleigh, J. J. Abrams and Robert Roy Pool Touchstone Pictures
Buena Vista Pictures
$140 million $553.7 million
2001 Pearl Harbor Jerry Bruckheimer Randall Wallace $140 million $449.2 million
2003 Bad Boys II Ron Shelton, Jerry Stahl, Cormac Wibberley, Marianne Wibberley and Ron Shelton Columbia Pictures $130 million $273.3 million
2005 The Island Ian Bryce and Walter F. Parkes Caspian Tredwell-Owen, Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci DreamWorks Pictures
Warner Bros.
$126 million $162.9 million
2007 Transformers Don Murphy, Tom DeSanto, Lorenzo di Bonaventura and Ian Bryce Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci DreamWorks Pictures
Paramount Pictures
$150 million $709.7 million
2009 Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen Ehren Kruger, Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci $200 million $836.3 million
2011 Transformers: Dark of the Moon Ehren Kruger Paramount Pictures $195 million $1.124 billion
2013 Pain & Gain Donald De Line and Ian Bryce Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely $26 million $96.2 million
2014 Transformers: Age of Extinction Don Murphy, Tom DeSanto, Lorenzo di Bonaventura and Ian Bryce Ehren Kruger $210 million $1.104 billion
2016 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi Erwin Stoff Chuck Hogan $50 million $67 million[72]
2017 Transformers: The Last Knight Don Murphy, Tom DeSanto, Lorenzo di Bonaventura and Ian Bryce Akiva Goldsman, Ken Nolan, Art Marcum and Matt Holloway $260 million $605.4 million[73]
2019 Six Underground[74][75] David Ellison, Dana Goldberg, Don Granger and Ian Bryce Rhett Reese and Paul Wernick Netflix $150 million TBA
TBA Robopocalypse[74] Steven Spielberg Drew Goddard TBA
Untitled Elephant Poaching Documentary [76] TBA TBA Paramount Pictures TBA

Frequent collaborators

Actors/actresses

Actors Bad Boys
(1995)
The Rock
(1996)
Armageddon
(1998)
Pearl Harbor
(2001)
Bad Boys II
(2003)
The Island
(2005)
Transformers
(2007)
Transformers:Revenge of the Fallen
(2009)
Transformers:Dark of the Moon
(2011)
Pain & Gain
(2013)
Transformers:Age of Extinction
(2014)
13 Hours:The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi
(2016)
Transformers:The Last Knight
(2017)
Kim Coates Yes Yes Yes
Vic Manni Yes Yes
Michael Taliferro Yes Yes
Stanley Anderson Yes Yes
Billy Devlin Yes Yes
Anthony Guidera Yes Yes
Ed Harris Yes Yes
Dwight Hicks Yes Yes
Marshall R. Teague Yes Yes
Tony Todd Yes Yes
Ben Affleck Yes Yes
Peter Stormare Yes Yes Yes
Steve Buscemi Yes Yes Yes
Michael Clarke Duncan Yes Yes
Chris Ellis Yes Yes Yes
William Fichtner Yes Yes
Steven Ford Yes Yes
Shawnee Smith Yes Yes
Glenn Morshower Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Michael Shannon Yes Yes
Jon Voight Yes Yes
Megan Fox Yes Yes Yes
Brian Stepanek Yes Yes Yes
Shia LaBeouf Yes Yes Yes
Josh Duhamel Yes Yes Yes Yes
John Turturro Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kevin Dunn Yes Yes Yes
Hugo Weaving Yes Yes Yes
Peter Cullen Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Charlie Adler Yes Yes Yes
Frank Welker Yes Yes Yes Yes
Reno Wilson Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Robert Foxworth Yes Yes Yes Yes
John DiMaggio Yes Yes Yes
Mark Ryan Yes Yes Yes Yes
Jess Harnell Yes Yes Yes Yes
John Goodman Yes Yes
Ken Watanabe Yes Yes
Ken Jeong Yes Yes
Mark Wahlberg Yes Yes Yes

Criticism

Despite his box office success, Bay's work has been mostly poorly received by critics, and his name is often used pejoratively in art-house circles.[77] Bay has responded to his critics, saying "I make movies for teenage boys. Oh, dear, what a crime."[78]

Rotten Tomatoes ratings
Year Film Rating
1995 Bad Boys 42%[79]
1996 The Rock 66%[80]
1998 Armageddon 39%[81]
2001 Pearl Harbor 25%[82]
2003 Bad Boys II 23%[83]
2005 The Island 40%[84]
2007 Transformers 57%[85]
2009 Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen 19%[86]
2011 Transformers: Dark of the Moon 35%[87]
2013 Pain & Gain 50%[88]
2014 Transformers: Age of Extinction 18%[89]
2016 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi 50%[90]
2017 Transformers: The Last Knight 16%[91]
Average 37%

References

Notes
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  87. ^ "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Transformers: Dark of the Moon". Rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  88. ^ "Rotten Tomatoes T-Meter Rating of Pain & Gain". Rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  89. ^ "Transformers: Age of Extinction". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-08-04.
  90. ^ "13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
  91. ^ "Transformers: The Last Knight". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2017-06-20.

External links

Armageddon (1998 film)

Armageddon is a 1998 American science fiction disaster film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, and released by Touchstone Pictures. The film follows a group of blue-collar deep-core drillers sent by NASA to stop a gigantic asteroid on a collision course with Earth. It stars Bruce Willis and an ensemble cast comprising, Ben Affleck, Billy Bob Thornton, Liv Tyler, Owen Wilson, Will Patton, Peter Stormare, William Fichtner, Michael Clarke Duncan, Keith David, and Steve Buscemi.

Armageddon opened in theaters two and a half months after the similar asteroid impact–based film Deep Impact which starred Téa Leoni, Robert Duvall and Morgan Freeman. Although Armageddon fared better at the box office, astronomers described Deep Impact as being more scientifically accurate. Both films were similarly received by critics, with Armageddon scoring 39% and Deep Impact scoring 44% on Rotten Tomatoes. Armageddon was an international box-office success, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1998 worldwide.

Bad Boys (1995 film)

Bad Boys is a 1995 American action comedy film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer and starring Martin Lawrence and Will Smith and as two Miami narcotics detectives, Marcus Burnett and Mike Lowrey. It spawned the Bad Boys franchise, which includes a sequel, Bad Boys II (2003), and a upcoming film Bad Boys for Life (2020).

Bad Boys II

Bad Boys II is a 2003 American action comedy film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, and starring Will Smith and Martin Lawrence. A sequel to the 1995 film Bad Boys and the second installment in the Bad Boys series, the film follows detectives Burnett and Lowrey investigating the flow of ecstasy into Miami. The film grossed $273 million worldwide.

Bumblebee (film)

Bumblebee (stylized as BumbleBee) is a 2018 American science fiction action film centered around the Transformers character of the same name. It is the sixth installment of the live-action Transformers film series and a prequel to 2007's Transformers. Directed by Travis Knight in his first live action film and written by Christina Hodson, the film stars Hailee Steinfeld, John Cena, Jorge Lendeborg Jr., John Ortiz, Jason Drucker, and Pamela Adlon, with Dylan O'Brien, Angela Bassett, Justin Theroux, and Peter Cullen in voice roles. It is the first live-action Transformers film not to be directed by Michael Bay, though he still acts as a producer. Principal photography on the film began on July 31, 2017, in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California.

Bumblebee premiered in Berlin on December 3, 2018, and was released in the United States on December 21, 2018. The film has grossed $377 million worldwide and received positive reviews from critics, who praised the action and Steinfeld's performance, as well as the 1980s setting and sense of nostalgia, with many calling it the best installment of the Transformers franchise.

Pain

Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. The International Association for the Study of Pain's widely used definition defines pain as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage"; however, due to it being a complex, subjective phenomenon, defining pain has been a challenge. In medical diagnosis, pain is regarded as a symptom of an underlying condition.

Pain motivates the individual to withdraw from damaging situations, to protect a damaged body part while it heals, and to avoid similar experiences in the future. Most pain resolves once the noxious stimulus is removed and the body has healed, but it may persist despite removal of the stimulus and apparent healing of the body. Sometimes pain arises in the absence of any detectable stimulus, damage or disease.Pain is the most common reason for physician consultation in most developed countries. It is a major symptom in many medical conditions, and can interfere with a person's quality of life and general functioning. Simple pain medications are useful in 20% to 70% of cases. Psychological factors such as social support, hypnotic suggestion, excitement, or distraction can significantly affect pain's intensity or unpleasantness. In some debates regarding physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia, pain has been used as an argument to permit people who are terminally ill to end their lives.

Pearl Harbor (film)

Pearl Harbor is a 2001 American romantic period war drama film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Bay and Jerry Bruckheimer and written by Randall Wallace. It stars Ben Affleck, Kate Beckinsale, Josh Hartnett, Cuba Gooding Jr., Tom Sizemore, Jon Voight, Colm Feore, and Alec Baldwin. The film is based on the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and the Doolittle Raid.

Despite receiving generally negative reviews from critics, the film was a major box office success, earning $59 million in its opening weekend and, in the end, nearly $450 million worldwide. It was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning in the category of Best Sound Editing. However, it was also nominated for six Golden Raspberry Awards, including Worst Picture. This marked the first occurrence of a Worst Picture-nominated film winning an Academy Award.

Platinum Dunes

Platinum Dunes is an American production company created in November 2001 by filmmakers Michael Bay, Brad Fuller, and Andrew Form. The company produces horror films, such as The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, The Purge, Friday the 13th, A Nightmare on Elm Street, Ouija and A Quiet Place.

On October 7, 2009, Paramount Pictures announced a first-look deal with Platinum Dunes. They plan to branch out of the horror genre into action and thrillers with this new deal. On May 27, 2010, it was announced they would work on the reboot to the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles film series of the same name. In 2014, Platinum Dunes was named The Hollywood Reporter's Producers of the Year. In 2015, the company was also named to The Hollywood Reporter's 30 Most Powerful Film Producers in Hollywood.

Six Underground (film)

6 Underground is an upcoming American action film directed by Michael Bay and written by Rhett Reese and Paul Wernick. The film stars Ryan Reynolds, Mélanie Laurent, Dave Franco, Manuel Garcia-Rulfo, Adria Arjona, Corey Hawkins, and Ben Hardy. Bay produced the film with Reynolds, Dana Goldberg, David Ellison and with his longtime partners Ian Bryce and Don Granger.

The Island (2005 film)

The Island is a 2005 American science fiction thriller film directed and co-produced by Michael Bay. It stars Ewan McGregor, Scarlett Johansson, Djimon Hounsou, Sean Bean, Michael Clarke Duncan and Steve Buscemi. In the story, Lincoln Six Echo (McGregor) struggles to fit into the highly structured world he lives in, isolated in a compound, and the series of events that unfold when he questions how truthful that world is. After Lincoln learns the compound inhabitants are clones used for organ harvesting as well as surrogates for wealthy people in the outside world, he attempts to escape with Jordan Two Delta (Johansson) and expose the illegal cloning movement.

The Island cost $126 million to produce. The original score was composed by Steve Jablonsky, who would go on to score Bay's further works. It opened on July 22, 2005, to mixed reviews, earning $36 million at the United States box office and $127 million overseas for a $162 million worldwide total. The Island has been described as a pastiche of "escape-from-dystopia" science fiction films of the 1960s and 1970s, such as Fahrenheit 451, THX 1138, Parts: The Clonus Horror, and Logan's Run.

The Rock (film)

The Rock is a 1996 American action thriller film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer, and written by David Weisberg and Douglas S. Cook. The film stars Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage and Ed Harris, with William Forsythe and Michael Biehn co-starring. It is dedicated to Simpson, who died five months before its release. The film received moderately positive reviews from critics, and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Sound at the 69th Academy Awards. It was a box office success, grossing over $335 million against a production budget of $75 million.

In the film, an FBI chemist and a former SAS captain are tasked with stopping a group of rogue US Force Recon Marines who have seized Alcatraz Island, taken hostages, and threatened to launch rockets filled with nerve gas over San Francisco unless they are paid $100 million.

Transformers (film)

Transformers is a 2007 American science fiction action film based on the toy line of the same name. The film, which combines computer animation with live-action filming, was directed by Michael Bay, with Steven Spielberg serving as executive producer. It was produced by Don Murphy and Tom DeSanto, and is the first installment in the live-action Transformers film series. The film stars Shia LaBeouf as Sam Witwicky, a teenager who gets caught up in a war between the heroic Autobots and the villainous Decepticons, two factions of alien robots who can disguise themselves by transforming into everyday machinery, primarily vehicles. The Autobots intend to use the AllSpark, the object that created their robotic race, to rebuild their home planet Cybertron and end the war, while the Decepticons have the intention of using it to build an army by giving life to the machines of Earth. Tyrese Gibson, Josh Duhamel, Anthony Anderson, Megan Fox, Rachael Taylor, John Turturro, and Jon Voight also star, while voice actors Peter Cullen and Hugo Weaving voice Optimus Prime and Megatron respectively.

Murphy and DeSanto developed the project in 2003, and DeSanto wrote a treatment. Steven Spielberg came on board the following year, hiring Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman to write the screenplay. The U.S. Armed Forces and General Motors (GM) loaned vehicles and aircraft during filming, which saved money for the production and added realism to the battle scenes. Hasbro's promotional campaign for the film included deals with various companies; advertising included a viral marketing campaign, coordinated releases of prequel comic books, toys, and books, as well as product placement deals with companies such as GM, Burger King, and eBay.

Transformers received mixed to positive reviews from critics and fans. It is the 87th highest-grossing film of all-time and was the fifth highest-grossing film of 2007, grossing $709 million worldwide, with an estimated 46 million tickets sold in the US. The film won four awards from the Visual Effects Society and was nominated for three Academy Awards, for Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing, and Best Visual Effects. LaBeouf's performance was praised by Empire, and Cullen's reprisal of Optimus Prime from the 1980s television series was well received by fans. It was soon followed by four sequels and a prequel: Revenge of the Fallen (2009), Dark of the Moon (2011), Age of Extinction (2014), The Last Knight (2017), and Bumblebee (2019).

Transformers (film series)

Transformers is a series of American science fiction action films based on the franchise of the same name which began in the 1980s. Michael Bay has directed the first five films: Transformers (2007), Revenge of the Fallen (2009), Dark of the Moon (2011), Age of Extinction (2014) and The Last Knight (2017). A spin-off, Bumblebee, directed by Travis Knight and produced by Bay, was released on December 21, 2018. The series has been distributed by Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks.

Aside from the first film and Bumblebee, both in which received positive reviews, the live-action film series has received mostly negative-to-mixed reception, with criticism of the plots, sophomoric humor, overuse of product placements and CGI, and the long running time of the films, but praise of the visual effects, action sequences and music. It is the 13th-highest-grossing film series, with a total of $4.3 billion; two films in the series have individually grossed over $1 billion.

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