Metropolitan bishop

In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis.

Originally, the term referred to the bishop of the chief city of a historical Roman province, whose authority in relation to the other bishops of the province was recognized by the First Council of Nicaea (AD 325).[1] The bishop of the provincial capital, the metropolitan, enjoyed certain rights over other bishops in the province, later called suffragan bishops.[2]

The term is applied in a similar sense to the bishop of the chief episcopal see (the "metropolitan see") of an ecclesiastical province. The head of such a metropolitan see has the rank of archbishop and is therefore called the metropolitan archbishop of the ecclesiastical province. Metropolitan (arch)bishops preside over synods of the bishops of their ecclesiastical province, and are granted special privileges by canon law and tradition.

In some churches, such as the Church of Greece, a metropolis is a rank granted to all episcopal sees. Their bishops are all called metropolitans, the title of archbishop being reserved for the primate.

Metropolitan of Moscow Makariy Nevskiy
Macarius II, Metropolitan of Moscow. In the Russian Orthodox Church a white klobuk is distinctive of a metropolitan.

Catholic Church

See also: Catholic Church hierarchy and Diocesan bishop
Archbishop Daniel Dinardo
Cardinal Daniel DiNardo is the Metropolitan Archbishop of Galveston-Houston. In the Catholic Church, the pallium is unique to a metropolitan bishop.

Latin Church

In the Latin Church, an ecclesiastical province, composed of several neighbouring dioceses,[3] is headed by a metropolitan, the archbishop of the diocese designated by the Pope.[4] The other bishops are known as suffragan bishops.

The metropolitan's powers over dioceses other than his own are normally limited to

  1. supervising observance of faith and ecclesiastical discipline and notifying the Supreme Pontiff of any abuses;
  2. carrying out, for reasons approved beforehand by the Holy See, a canonical inspection that the suffragan bishop has neglected to perform;
  3. appointing a diocesan administrator if the college of consultors fails to elect an at least 35-year-old priest within eight days after the vacancy of the see becomes known;[5] and
  4. serving as the default ecclesiastical court for appeals from decisions of the tribunals of the suffragan bishops.[6]

The metropolitan also has the liturgical privilege of celebrating sacred functions throughout the province, as if he were a bishop in his own diocese, provided only that, if he celebrates in a cathedral church, the diocesan bishop has been informed beforehand.[7]

The metropolitan is obliged to request the pallium, a symbol of the power that, in communion with the Church of Rome, he possesses over his ecclesiastical province.[8] This holds even if he had the pallium in another metropolitan see.

External Ornaments of a Metropolitan Archbishop
Coat of arms of a Catholic Metropolitan Archbishop

It is the responsibility of the metropolitan, with the consent of the majority of the suffragan bishops, to call a provincial council, decide where to convene it, and determine the agenda. It is his prerogative to preside over the provincial council.[9] No provincial council can be called if the metropolitan see is vacant.[10]

All Latin Rite metropolitans are archbishops; however, some archbishops are not metropolitans, as there are a few instances where an archdiocese has no suffragans or is itself suffragan to another archdiocese. Titular archbishops (i.e. ordained bishops who are given an honorary title to a now-defunct archdiocese; e.g. many Vatican officials and papal nuncios and apostolic delegates are titular archbishops) are never metropolitans.

As of April 2006, 508 archdioceses were headed by metropolitan archbishops, 27 archbishops lead an extant archdiocese, but were not metropolitans, and there were 89 titular archbishops. See also Catholic Church hierarchy for the distinctions.

Eastern Catholic

Lubomyr Husar
Lubomyr Husar, Major Archbishop emeritus of the Ukrainian Catholic Church

Within Patriarchal or Major Archiepiscopal Churches

In those Eastern Catholic Churches that are headed by a patriarch, metropolitans in charge of ecclesiastical provinces hold a position similar to that of metropolitans in the Latin Church. Among the differences is that Eastern Catholic metropolitans within the territory of the patriarchate are to be ordained and enthroned by the patriarch, who may also ordain and enthrone metropolitans of sees outside that territory that are part of his Church.[11] Similarly, a metropolitan has the right to ordain and enthrone the bishops of his province.[12] The metropolitan is to be commemorated in the liturgies celebrated within his province.[13]

A major archbishop is defined as the metropolitan of a certain see who heads an autonomous Eastern Church not of patriarchal rank. The canon law of such a Church differs only slightly from that regarding a patriarchal Church.[14] Within major archiepiscopal churches, there may be ecclesiastical provinces headed by metropolitan bishops.

As Heads of their own Particular Churches

There are also autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches consisting of a single province and headed by a metropolitan. Metropolitans of this kind are to obtain the pallium from the Pope as a sign of his metropolitan authority and of his Church's full communion with the Pope, and only after his investment with it can he convoke the Council of Hierarchs and ordain the bishops of his autonomous Church.[15] In his autonomous Church it is for him to ordain and enthrone bishops[16] and his name is to be mentioned immediately after that of the Pope in the liturgy.[17]

Eastern Orthodox

Mitropolit Vladimir Petersburg
Metropolitan Vladimir of Saint Petersburg wearing the light blue mandyas of a Russian Orthodox metropolitan.

In the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the title of metropolitan is used variously, in terms of rank and jurisdiction.

In terms of rank, in some Eastern Orthodox Churches metropolitans are ranked above archbishops in precedence, while in others that order is reversed. Primates of autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches below patriarchal rank are generally designated as archbishops. In the Greek Orthodox Churches, archbishops are ranked above metropolitans in precedence. The reverse is true for some Slavic Orthodox Churches (Russian Orthodox, Bulgarian Orthodox) and also for Romanian Orthodox Church, where metropolitans rank above archbishops and the title can be used for important regional or historical sees.

In terms of jurisdiction, there are two basic types of metropolitans in Eastern Orthodox Church: real metropolitans, with actual jurisdiction over their ecclesiastical provinces, and honorary metropolitans who are in fact just diocesan bishops with honorary title of metropolitan and no jurisdiction outside their own diocese.

Some Eastern Orthodox Churches have functioning metropolitans on the middle (regional) level of church administration. In Romanian Orthodox Church there are six regional metropolitans who are the chairmen of their respective synods of bishops, and have special duties and privileges. For example, Metropolitan of Oltenia has regional jurisdiction over four dioceses.

On the other hand, in some Eastern Orthodox Churches title of metropolitan is only honorary, with no special or additional jurisdiction. In Serbian Orthodox Church, honorary title of metropolitan is given to diocesan bishops of some important historical sees (Article 14 of the Constitution of Serbian Orthodox Church).[18] For example, diocesan bishop of the Eparchy of Montenegro and the Littoral is given the honorary title of metropolitan, but without any jurisdiction over other diocesan bishops in Montenegro. Diocesan bishop of the Eparchy of Dabar-Bosnia is also given the honorary title of metropolitan, but without any jurisdiction over other diocesan bishops in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Non-canonical Eastern Orthodox Churches generally use metropolitan title according to local traditions of usage in Churches from which they were split (see: Macedonian Orthodox Church).[19]

Oriental Orthodox

Malankara Churches

Metropolitan is a title used by all oriental orthodox churches in Malankara. Malankara Metropolitan was a legal title given to the head of the Malankara Syrian Church, aka Puthencoor (New Traditionalists) Syrian Christians, by the Government of Travancore and Cochin in South India. This title was awarded by a proclamation from the King of Travancore & the King of Cochin to the legal head of the Malankara Syrian Church. The Supreme Court of India had authenticated the usage of this title by the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church in its verdict in the Malankara Church case.

Baselios Mar Thoma Paulose II was enthroned as Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan on 1 November 2010 at Parumala, Kerala. Under his see, the dioceses are further headed by Diocesan Metropolitans.

In the Mar Thoma Syrian Church[20] which is based in India, the Metropolitan also known as the Mar Thoma is the primate and supreme head of the church who is entitled to special privileges and remains the ultimate authority over the synod. His Grace the Most Rev Dr. Philipose Mar Chrysostom is the senior metropolitan as of 28 August 2007, and His Grace the Most Rev Dr. Joseph Mar Thoma is the 21st Malankara Metropolitan and current primate, installed on 2 October 2007.


In the Anglican Communion, a metropolitan is generally the head of an ecclesiastical province (or cluster of dioceses). In the few Anglican churches with multiple provinces headed by metropolitans (namely the Church of England, the Church of Ireland, the Anglican Church of Canada, the Anglican Church of Australia, and the Church of Nigeria), a metropolitan ranks immediately under the primate or senior metropolitan of the national church.[21] Most metropolitans, but not all, are styled archbishop. In England, Ireland, and Australia, each province has a "metropolitical see" whose diocesan bishop is ex officio metropolitan (such as the Archbishops of Canterbury and Sydney), while in Canada metropolitans are elected by the provincial houses of bishops from among the sitting diocesans. Prior to 1970, however, the metropolitan of the Province of Rupert's Land was always the bishop of the eponymous diocese, centred on Winnipeg. (Since then, only one Bishop of Rupert's Land, Walter Jones, has been elected metropolitan).

See also


  1. ^ First Council of Nicaea, canon IV
  2. ^ Cross, F. L.; Livingstone, E. A., eds. (2005). "Metropolitan". The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-192-80290-3.
  3. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 431
  4. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 435
  5. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 436 §1–2
  6. ^ Canon 1438 no. 1.
  7. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 436 §3
  8. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 437
  9. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 442
  10. ^ Code of Canon Law, canon 440 §2
  11. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canon 86
  12. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canon 133
  13. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canon 135
  14. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canons 151–154
  15. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canon 156
  16. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canon 159
  17. ^ Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, canon 161
  18. ^ "Constitution of the Serbian Orthodox Church". Serbian Orthodox Church.
  19. ^ "MOC today". Macedonian Orthodox Church.
  20. ^
  21. ^

External links

Agathangelus of Constantinople

Agathangelus (Greek: Αγαθάγγελος), (1769 – 1832) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople during the period 1826-1830.

He was born in a village near Edirne, which helped accuse him of being of Bulgarian descent. There he was first educated. He became a monk in the Iviron Monastery of Mount Athos. About 1800 he became priest of the Greek community of Moscow. On November 1815 he was elected Metropolitan bishop of Belgrade and on August 1825 metropolitan bishop of Chalcedon. On 26 September in 1826, after Chrystanthus was deposed and exiled, Agathangelus was elected Patriarch of Constantinople.

He was one of the most educated Patriarchs of his time. He spoke Greek, Turkish, Bulgarian, Russian and French. His reign was associated with certain actions which lowered his prestige and caused heated reactions. The first was his involvement in the Greek War of Independence in 1827, when some of the chieftains of Central Greece asked for his intercession with Sultan Mahmud II so that they would be amnestied. Agathangelus, on the Sultan's order, sent a deputation to the Ioannis Kapodistrias, asking that the Greeks submit to the Sultan, an act which tainted his reputation as anti-ethnic. Along with his involvement in the election of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, which was attributed to bribe, economical and administrative instabilities led to his deposition on 5 July 1830.

After that he was exiled to Kayseri and later to Edirne, where he died in 1832.

Ambrosios Pleianthidis

Ambrosios Pleiathidis (Greek: Αμβρόσιος Πλειανθίδης, 1872–1922) also known as Ambrosios of Moschonisia was the Greek Orthodox metropolitan bishop of Moschonisia, in modern Turkey, from February to September 1922. He was executed by the Turkish Army at the end of the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922).He is commemorated by the Greek Orthodox Church as Hieromartyr (Greek: ιερομάρτυρας) and his feast day is celebrated on the Sunday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross each year (September 7–13).

Athanasius V of Constantinople

Athanasius V (Greek: Αθανάσιος Ε΄) served as Ecumenical Patriarch during the period 1709-1711.

He descended from Crete. He studied in Halle, Saxony and was distinguished for his wide education, multilingualism (Latin, Arabic) and deep knowledge of ecclesiastic music. Firstly, he was elected Metropolitan bishop of Veliko Tarnovo and then, in 1692, of Edirne.

After Cyprianus of Constantinople's deposition and exile to Mount Athos, Cyril, metropolitan bishop of Cyzicus, was elected Patriarch, but after the intervention of the Grand Vizier Çorlulu Ali Pasha, Athanasius V became Patriarch. During his reign he was suspected of pro-Catholic tendencies.On 4 December 1711 he was deposed and Cyril IV of Constantinople was restored to the throne. Then he dedicated himself to studying until his death. He made great work in the domain of ecclesiastic music.

Callinicus V of Constantinople

Callinicus V (Greek: Καλλίνικος Ε΄) (dates of birth and death unknown) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1801 to 1806 and 1808 to 1809. He was Metropolitan bishop of Adrianople (modern Edirne) (1780–1792) and Nicaea (1792–1801).

Constantius II of Constantinople

Constantius II (Greek: Κωνστάντιος Β΄), (1789–1859) served as Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople during the period 1834-1835.

Before his election as Ecumenical Patriarch in 1834, he had been Metropolitan bishop of Veliko Tarnovo. He wasn't particularly educated, nor did he have administrative skills. So, the next year he had to resign. He retired to Arnavutköy on the Bosphorus, where he died in 1859. He was buried in the forecourt of the Holy Church of Asomatoi in Arnavutköy.

Cyril IV of Constantinople

Cyril IV (Greek: Κύριλλος Δ΄), (? – 1728) served as Ecumenical Patriarch during the period 1711–1713.

He descended from Mytilene. He was remarkably educated and served as metropolitan bishop of Cyzicus.

He was elected Patriarch in 1709, but Athanasius V of Constantinople took the Throne. So, he became Patriarch after Athanasius' deposal. He fought for the economical reconstruction of the Patriarchate, but he refused the increase of the tax to the Sublime Porte, so he was forced to quit in 1713.

He stayed in Istanbul until his death in 1728.

Ecclesiastical Province of British Columbia and Yukon

The Ecclesiastical Province of British Columbia and Yukon is one of four ecclesiastical provinces in the Anglican Church of Canada. It was founded in 1914 as the Ecclesiastical Province of British Columbia, but changed its name in 1943 when the Diocese of Yukon was incorporated from the Ecclesiastical Province of Rupert's Land. The territory covered by the province encompasses the civil province of British Columbia and Yukon. There are five dioceses and one "recognized territory [with] the status of a diocese" in the province:

British Columbia (British Columbia)

Caledonia (British Columbia)

Kootenay (British Columbia)

New Westminster (British Columbia)

Yukon (Yukon)

Territory of the People (British Columbia)The former Diocese of Cariboo's operations were suspended as a result of insolvency arising from liability judgements in the cases of abuse at residential schools operated by the Diocese. The parishes within her territory have been administered, as the Anglican Parishes of the Central Interior, by a suffragan bishop to the Metropolitan since 2004, and were became a "recognized territory [with] the status of a diocese" on November 14, 2015.Provinces of the Anglican Church of Canada are headed by a Metropolitan, elected from among the province's diocesan bishops. This bishop then becomes Archbishop of his or her diocese and Metropolitan of the Province. The current Metropolitan of the Province of British Columbia and Yukon is Melissa Skelton of the Diocese of New Westminster.

Ecclesiastical province

An ecclesiastical province is one of the basic forms of jurisdiction in Christian Churches with traditional hierarchical structure, including Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. In general, an ecclesiastical province consists of several dioceses (or eparchies), one of them being the archdiocese (or archeparchy), headed by metropolitan bishop or archbishop who has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over all other bishops of the province.

In the Greco-Roman world, ecclesia (Greek ἐκκλησίᾱ, ekklēsiā (Latin ecclesia) meaning "congregation, church") was used to refer to a lawful assembly, or a called legislative body. As early as Pythagoras, the word took on the additional meaning of a community with shared beliefs. This is the meaning taken in the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures (the Septuagint), and later adopted by the Christian community to refer to the assembly of believers.In the history of Western world (sometimes more precisely as Greco-Roman world) adopted by the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, Christian ecclesiastical provinces were named by analogy with the secular Roman province as well as certain extraterritorial formations of western world in early medieval times (see Early Middle Ages). The administrative seat of each province is an episcopal see. In hierarchical Christian churches that have dioceses, a province is a collection of those dioceses (as a basic unit of administration).

Over the years certain provinces adopted the status of metropolis and have a certain degree of self-rule. A bishop of such province is called the metropolitan bishop or metropolitan. The Catholic Church (both Latin and Eastern Catholic), the Orthodox Churches and the Anglican Communion all have provinces. These provinces are led by a metropolitan archbishop.

Ignatius Zakka I Iwas

Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas (Syriac: ܐܝܓܢܐܛܝܘܣ ܙܟܝ ܩܕܡܝܐ ܥܝܘܐܨ‎, Arabic: إغناطيوس زكا الأول عيواص‎, Ignatios Zakkà ‘Īwāṣ, born Sanharib Iwas, 21 April 1931 – 21 March 2014) was the 122nd reigning Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East and, as such, Supreme Head of the Universal Syriac Orthodox Church. Also known by his traditional episcopal name, Severios, he was enthroned as patriarch on 14 September 1980 in St. George's Patriarchal Cathedral in Damascus. He succeeded Ignatius Ya`qub III. As is traditional for the head of the church, Mor Severios adopted the name Ignatius.

Zakka was known for his involvement in ecumenical dialogue. He was a president of the World Council of Churches and also a prolific author. He was an observer at Second Vatican Council before becoming metropolitan bishop of Mosul. At the time of his election as patriarch, Mor Severios Zakka was serving as the archbishop of Baghdad and Basra. As patriarch, he established a monastic seminary, met with Pope John Paul II during the Roman Pope's visit to Syria in 2001, and installed numerous metropolitans, including Baselios Thomas I as Catholicos of India. He celebrated his Silver Jubilee in 2005.

Iwas was admitted to a hospital in Germany for angioplasty on 20 February 2014 and died on 21 March 2014.

Jeremias IV of Constantinople

Jeremias IV (Greek: Ιερεμίας Δ') was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople during the period 1809–1813.

He came from Crete. He became protosyncellus of the Ecumenical Patriarchate and was later elected metropolitan bishop of Mytilene (1783–1809). In 1809 he was elected Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.

Even though of average education, he is considered a successful Patriarch, as he was prudent with remarkable administrative skills. He was also characterised as a remarkably brave protector of the interests of the church. In 1813 he resigned for health reasons. He retired to Mytilene, where he died in 1824.

John of Gothia

John of Gothia (Greek: ᾿Ιωάννης ἐπίσκοπος τῆς Γοτθίας, Iōánnēs epískopos tēs Gotthiás; ? - c. 791 AD) was a Crimean Gothic metropolitan bishop of Doros, and rebel leader who overthrew and briefly expelled the Khazars from Gothia in 787. He was posthumously canonized as an Eastern Orthodox saint.

John of Gothia was born to a Crimean Gothic family, the son of Leon and Fotina, in Partenit, Crimea, where he grew up to become a bishop. John went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and stayed there for three years. From there he became a bishop in Georgia in 758, until he returned to Gothia and became metropolitan bishop of Doros.

In 787 John led a revolt against Khazar domination of Gothia. The Khazar garrison and Tudun were expelled from Doros, and the rebels seized the mountain passes leading into the country. The Khazars however managed to retake the city in less than a year, and John was imprisoned in Phoulloi. He later managed to escape, and sought refuge in Amastris in the Byzantine Empire, where he died in 791. His remains were brought home to a church on the Ayu-Dag mountain, Partenit, Crimea, where a memorial to him has been built. John was posthumously canonized as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church. His memorial day is 26 June.

List of Serbian saints

Over the history of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the church has had many people who were venerated to sainthood. The list below is made up of Holy Serbs and their feast days.

Venerable Avakum (Deacon Avakum) - 30 December [O.S. 17 December]

Venerable Anastasia of Serbia (Ana Nemanjić) - 6 July [O.S. 22 June]

Venerable Angelina of Serbia (Angelina Branković) - 12 August [O.S. 30 July] and 23 December [O.S. 10 December]

Saint Arsenije I Sremac - 10 November [O.S. 28 October]

Hieromartyr Branko Dobrosavljević - 7 May [O.S. 24 April]

Saint Basil of Ostrog - 12 May [O.S. 29 April]

Venerable Visarion Saraj - 3 November [O.S. 21 October]

Saint Vladislav (King Stefan Vladislav) - 7 October [O.S. 24 September] and 12 August [O.S. 30 July]

Martyr Vukašin of Klepci (Vukašin Mandrapa) - 29 May [O.S. 16 May]

Venerable Gavrilo of Lesnovo - 28 January [O.S. 15 January]

Saint St. Gavrilo Rajić - 26 December [O.S. 13 December]

Hieromartyr Georgije (Đorđe) Bogić - 17 July [O.S. 4 July]

Venerable Grigorije of Gornjak - 20 December [O.S. 7 December]

Saint Grigorije (Bishop Grigorije II of Ras) - 12 September [O.S. 30 August]

Venerable David (Dmitar Nemanjić) - 7 October [O.S. 24 September]

Saint Danilo II (Archbishop Danilo II of Serbia) - 2 January [O.S. 20 December]

Confessor Dositej Vasić (Metropolitan Bishop of Zagreb) - 13 January [O.S. 31 December]

Saint New Martyr Đorđe Kratovac - 24 February [O.S. 11 February] and 8 June [O.S. 26 May]

Saint Jakov (Archbishop Jakov of Serbia) - 16 February [O.S. 3 February]

Saints and Martyrs of Jasenovac- 31 August [O.S. 13 September]

Saint Jevstatije I - 17 January [O.S. 4 January]

Saint Jevstatije II - 29 August [O.S. 16 August]

Venerable Jelena of Dečani (Anna Neda of Serbia) - 3 June [O.S. 21 May]

Saint Jelena (Helen of Anjou) - 12 November [O.S. 30 October]

Venerable Jelisaveta (Princess Jelena Štiljanović) - 17 October [O.S. 4 October]

Saint Jefrem (Patriarch Jefrem of Serbia) - 28 June [O.S. 15 June]

Venerable Jefrosinija (Jevgenija) (Princess Milica of Serbia) - 1 August [O.S. 19 July]

Venerable Jeftimije of Dečani - 24 November [O.S. 11 November]

Venerable Joakim of Osogovo - 29 August [O.S. 16 August]

Venerable Joanikije of Devič - 15 December [O.S. 2 December]

Saint Joanikije (Patriarch Joanikije II of Serbia) - 16 September [O.S. 3 September]

Hieromartyr Joanikije Lipovac (Metropolitan Bishop of Montenegro and the Littoral) - 17 June [O.S. 4 June]

Venerable Joasaph, Serbian Meteorite (John Uroš) - 3 May [O.S. 20 April]

Saint Jovan Vladimir (King of Duklja) - 4 June [O.S. 22 May]

Saint Jovan the New (Despot Jovan Branković) - 23 December [O.S. 10 December]

Saint Josif the New - 28 September [O.S. 15 September]

Saint Kirilo (Patriarch Kirilo of Serbia) - 12 September [O.S. 30 August]

Saint Great Martyr Lazar (Prince Lazar of Serbia) - 28 June [O.S. 15 June]

Saint Makarije (Patriarch Makarije Sokolović) - 12 September [O.S. 30 August]

Saint Maksim (Despot Đorđe Branković) - 21 January [O.S. 18 January]

Saint King Milutin (Stephen Uroš II Milutin of Serbia) - 12 November [O.S. 30 October]

Venerable Nestor of Dečani - 24 November [O.S. 11 November]

Saint Nikodim (Archbishop Nikodim I of Peć) - 24 May [O.S. 11 May]

Venerable Nikodim of Tisman (Nikodim Grčić) - 8 January [O.S. 21 December]

Saint Nikon (Patriarch Nikon of Serbia) - 12 September [O.S. 30 August]

Saint Nikolaj Velimirović of Ohrid and Žiča-4 January [O.S. 23 December]

Hieromartyr Petar Zimonjić (Metropolitan Bishop of Dabar-Bosnia) - 17 September [O.S. 4 September]

Saint Peter of Koriša - 18 June [O.S. 5 June], see: Hermitage of St. Peter of Koriša

Saint Peter of Cetinje, the Wonderworker (Petar I Petrović-Njegoš) - 31 October [O.S. 18 October]

Hieromartyr Platon Jovanović (Bishop of Banja Luka) - 5 May [O.S. 22 April]

Venerable Prohor of Pčinja - 1 November [O.S. 19 October], see: Prohor Pčinjski

Venerable Rafailo of Banat - 29 August [O.S. 16 August]

Hieromartyr Rafailo Momčilović (Prior of Šišatovac monastery) - 3 September [O.S. 21 August]

Saint Sava I (First Archbishop of Serbia) - 27 January [O.S. 14 Januyry]

Saint Sava II (Archbishop of Serbia) - 21 February [O.S. 8 February]

Saint Sava Branković (Metropolitan Bishop of Erdély) - 7 June [O.S. 24 May]

Saint Sava III (Archbishop of Serbia) - 8 August [O.S. 26 July]

Hieromartyr Sava Trlajić (Bishop of Upper Karlovac) - 17 July [O.S. 4 July]

Saint Simeon the Myrrh-streaming (Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja) - 26 February [O.S. 13 February]

Venerable Simeon the Monk (King Stefan the First-Crowned) - 7 October [O.S. 24 September]

Venerable Sinaites: Romil of Ravanica, Roman, Nestor, Martirije, Sisoje, Zosim of Tuman and Jov - 19 May [O.S. 6 May]

Saint Spiridon (Serbian Patriarch) - 28 June [O.S. 15 June]

Saint Stefan of Dečani (King Stefan Uroš III) - 24 November [O.S. 11 November]

Saint Stefan Lazarević (Despot Stefan) - 1 August [O.S. 19 July]

Venerable Stephen of Piperi - 2 June [O.S. 20 May]

Saint Stefan the Blind (Despot Stefan Branković) - 22 October [O.S. 9 October]

Saint Stefan Uroš (Stefan Uroš V) - 15 December [O.S. 2 December]

Saint Stefan Urošic Nemanjić - 24 November [O.S. 11 November]

Saint Stefan Štiljanović - 17 October [O.S. 4 October]

Hieromartyr Teodor Nestorović (Bishop of Vršac) - 29 May [O.S. 16 May]

Holy Martyr Teodor (Sladić) of Komogovo - Theodore's sathurday, first Saturday of Great Lent

Venerable Teoktist (Stephen Dragutin of Serbia) - 12 November [O.S. 30 October]

Metropolis (religious jurisdiction)

A metropolis religious jurisdiction, or a metropolitan archdiocese, is an episcopal see whose bishop is the metropolitan bishop of an ecclesiastical province. Metropolises, historically, have been important cities in their provinces.

Metropolis of Thessaloniki

The Metropolis of Thessaloniki (Greek: Ιερά Μητρόπολις Θεσσαλονίκης) is a Greek Orthodox metropolitan see based in the city of Thessaloniki in Central Macedonia, Greece. It is part of the so-called "New Lands", belonging to the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople but being administered by the Church of Greece. The see traces its history to its foundation by the Apostle Paul in the 1st century. Since 2004, the incumbent metropolitan is Anthimos Rousas.

Province of Armagh (Church of Ireland)

The United Provinces of Armagh and Tuam, commonly called the Province of Armagh, and also known as the Northern Province, is one of the two ecclesiastical provinces that together form the Anglican Church of Ireland; the other is the Province of Dublin. The province has existed since 1833, when the ancient Province of Armagh was merged with the Province of Tuam. The Archbishop of Armagh is its metropolitan bishop.

Province of Canterbury

The Province of Canterbury, or less formally the Southern Province, is one of two ecclesiastical provinces which constitute the Church of England. The other is the Province of York (which consists of 12 dioceses). It consists of 30 dioceses, covering roughly two-thirds of England, parts of Wales, and the Channel Islands, with the remainder comprising continental Europe (under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Gibraltar in Europe).

Between the years 787 and 803, a third province, (of) Lichfield, existed. In 1871, the Church of Ireland became autonomous. The Church in Wales was disestablished in 1920 and therefore was no longer the state church; it consists of six dioceses and is an ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion.

The province's metropolitan bishop is the Archbishop of Canterbury who also oversees the Falkland Islands, an extraprovincial parish. The Church of Ceylon - Anglican Church in Sri Lanka has two dioceses - the Diocese of Colombo and the Diocese of Kurunegala which are extraprovincial dioceses under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Province of Dublin (Church of Ireland)

The United Provinces of Dublin and Cashel, commonly called the Province of Dublin, and also known as the Southern Province, is one of the two ecclesiastical provinces that together form the Church of Ireland; the other is the Province of Armagh. The province has existed since 1833 when the ancient Province of Dublin was merged with the Province of Cashel. Its metropolitan bishop is the Archbishop of Dublin.

Province of York

The Province of York is one of two ecclesiastical provinces making up the Church of England and consists of 12 dioceses which cover the northern third of England and the Isle of Man. York was elevated to an archbishopric in AD 735: Ecgbert was the first archbishop. At one time the Archbishops of York also claimed metropolitan authority over Scotland but these claims were never realised and ceased when the Archdiocese of St Andrews was established.

The province's metropolitan bishop is the Archbishop of York (the junior of the Church of England's two archbishops). York Minster serves as the mother church of the Province of York.

Suffragan bishop

A suffragan bishop is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop (bishop ordinary) and, consequently, are not normally jurisdictional in their role. Suffragan bishops may be charged by a metropolitan to oversee a suffragan diocese. They may be assigned to an area which does not have a cathedral of its own.

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