Merindad

Merindad (Spanish pronunciation: [meɾinˈdað]) is a Mediaeval Spanish administrative term for a country subdivision smaller than a province but larger than a municipality. The officer in charge of a merindad was called a merino, roughly equivalent to the English count or bailiff.

It was used in the kingdoms of Castile and Navarre. Connected to the birth of Castile, the Merindades, standing for a northernmost comarca of the province of Burgos, was part of the creation of the administrative division by King Peter.

Currently, the Foral Community of Navarre is still divided into five merindades standing for different judicial districts. The historic Merindad de Ultrapuertos lying to the north of the Pyrenees is nowadays Lower Navarre.

Administratively, they have been substituted by the partido judicial. In Biscay, the mancomunidades comarcales keep the place of the old merindades, such as Duranguesado.

See also

Cabañes de Esgueva

Cabañes de Esgueva is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 243 inhabitants.

Cardeñadijo

Cardeñadijo is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 668 inhabitants.

Encío

Encío is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 53 inhabitants.

Fresneña

Fresneña is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 105 inhabitants.

Hornillos del Camino

Hornillos del Camino is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 70 inhabitants.

The town is along the French Way, the most popular of the routes of the Way of St. James, the ancient pilgrimage route.

Merindad de Cuesta Urria

Merindad de Cuesta-Urria is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 500 inhabitants. Its seat is in Nofuentes.

Merindad de Montija

Merindad de Montija is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 868 inhabitants. Its seat is in Villasante de Montija.

Merindad de Río Ubierna

Merindad de Río Ubierna is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1,389 inhabitants. Its seat is in Sotopalacios.

Merindad de Sotoscueva

Merindad de Sotoscueva is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 516 inhabitants. Its seat is in Cornejo.

Merindad de Valdeporres

Merindad de Valdeporres is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 487 inhabitants. Its seat is in Pedrosa de Valdeporres.

Merindad de Valdivielso

Merindad de Valdivielso is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2006 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 469 inhabitants.

Milagros, Province of Burgos

Milagros is a Spanish village and municipality in the province of Burgos, part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. It has a population of approximately 502 people and is 10 km from Aranda de Duero. Milagros is in the comarca and wine region of the Ribera del Duero.

The name "Milagros" may be translated from Spanish by the English word, "miracles".

Navascués

Navascués (Nabaskoze in Basque) is a town and municipality in the province and autonomous community of Navarre in northern Spain. It has a population of under 200.

It is located in the non-Basque-speaking area of the province, in Merindad Sangüesa and 62 km from the capital, Pamplona. Spanish is the only official language since Basque has no official status.

Olite

Olite (Erriberri in Basque language) is a town and municipality located in the Comarca de Tafalla comarca, Merindad de Olite merindad, in Navarre, Spain.

According to Isidore of Seville's Historia de regibus Gothorum, Vandalorum et Suevorum, the town of Oligicus was founded by Swinthila, Visigothic King of Hispania (621-631) in order to control and punish the Vascones. However, this town was not heard of again until five centuries later, when the present-day town was founded and chartered.

The Palacio Real de Olite, a fine Gothic castle-palace, was the royal seat of Charles III of Navarre.

Pedrosa del Príncipe

Pedrosa del Príncipe is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 217 inhabitants.

Quintanilla Vivar

Quintanilla Vivar (formerly known as Quintanilla Morocisla) is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain.

The village of Vivar del Cid, reputed birthplace of El Cid, is included in the municipality.

Tamarón

Tamarón is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 46.

Tobar

Tobar (originally Tovar) is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Spain, within the Castile and León region. It is 35 km northwest of Burgos.

Villarcayo de Merindad de Castilla la Vieja

Villarcayo de Merindad de Castilla la Vieja (Spanish pronunciation: [biʎaɾˈkaʝo ðe meɾinˈdað ðe kasˈtiʎa la ˈβjexa]) is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 4,031 inhabitants.

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