Mercedes-Benz in Formula One

Mercedes-Benz, through its subsidiary Mercedes-Benz Grand Prix Limited, is currently involved in Formula One as a constructor under the name of Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. The team is based in Brackley, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom, using a German licence.[7] Mercedes-Benz competed in the pre-war European Championship winning three titles and debuted in Formula One in 1954, running a team for two years. The team is also known by their nickname, the "Silver Arrows".

After winning their first race at the 1954 French Grand Prix, driver Juan Manuel Fangio won another three Grands Prix to win the 1954 Drivers' Championship and repeated this success in 1955. Despite winning two Drivers' Championships, Mercedes-Benz withdrew from motor racing in response to the 1955 Le Mans disaster and did not return to Formula One until rejoining as an engine supplier in association with Ilmor, a British independent high-performance autosport engineering company later acquired by Mercedes, in 1994.

In addition to its factory team, Mercedes currently supplies engines to Racing Point and Williams. The manufacturer has collected more than 180 wins as an engine supplier and is ranked second in Formula One history. Seven Constructors' and 11 Drivers' Championships have been won with Mercedes-Benz engines.

Mercedes has become one of the most successful teams in recent Formula One history, having achieved consecutive Drivers' and Constructors' Championships from 2014 to 2018. In 2014, Mercedes managed 11 one-two finishes beating McLaren's 1988 record of 10. The record was extended the following year with 12 one-two finishes. Mercedes also collected 16 victories in 2014 and 2015 apiece breaking McLaren (1988) and Ferrari's (2002, 2004) record of 15. In 2016, they extended this record with 19 wins.

Coordinates: 52°01′19″N 1°08′42″W / 52.021964°N 1.144899°W

Germany Mercedes
Mercedes-Benz in Formula One logo
Full nameMercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport
BaseBrackley, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom[1]
(Chassis)
Brixworth, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom
(Power unit)
Team principal(s)Toto Wolff
(Team Principal & CEO)
Andy Cowell
(MD, Powertrains)
Technical DirectorJames Allison
Websitewww.mercedesamgf1.com www.mercedes-amg-hpp.com
Previous nameBrawn GP
2019 Formula One World Championship
Race drivers44. United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[2]
77. Finland Valtteri Bottas[3]
Test driversFrance Esteban Ocon[4]
Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne[5]
Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez
ChassisF1 W10 EQ Power+
EngineMercedes M10 EQ Power+
TyresPirelli
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1954 French Grand Prix
Latest entry2019 British Grand Prix
Races entered199
Constructors'
Championships
5 (2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018)
Drivers'
Championships
7 (1954, 1955, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018)
Race victories96
Points4,780 (4,919.14)[6]
Pole positions108
Fastest laps70
2018 position1st (655 pts)

Constructor

Silver Arrows (1930s)

Mercedes-Benz formerly competed in Grand Prix motor racing in the 1930s, when the Silver Arrows dominated the races alongside rivals Auto Union. Both teams were heavily funded by the Nazi regime, winning all European Grand Prix Championships after 1934, of which Rudolf Caracciola won three for Mercedes-Benz.[8]

Großer Preis von Europa -1954 Nürburgring, Juan Manuel Fangio, Mercedes (3)x
Juan Manuel Fangio at the wheel of the W196 at the Nürburgring during the 1954 German Grand Prix

Daimler-Benz AG (1954–1955)

In 1954, Mercedes-Benz returned to what was now known as Formula One (a World Championship having been established in 1950) under the leadership of Alfred Neubauer, using the technologically advanced Mercedes-Benz W196.[9] The car was run in both the conventional open-wheeled configuration and a streamlined form, which featured covered wheels and wider bodywork. Juan Manuel Fangio, the 1951 champion, transferred mid-season from Maserati to Mercedes-Benz for their debut at the French Grand Prix on 4 July 1954. The team had immediate success and recorded a 1–2 victory with Fangio and Karl Kling, as well as the fastest lap (Hans Herrmann). Fangio went on to win three more races in 1954, winning the championship.

The success continued into the 1955 season, with Mercedes-Benz developing the W196 throughout the year. Mercedes-Benz again dominated the season,[9] with Fangio taking four races, and his new teammate Stirling Moss winning the British Grand Prix. Fangio and Moss finished first and second in that year's championship. The 1955 disaster at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on 11 June, which killed Mercedes-Benz sportscar driver Pierre Levegh and more than 80 spectators led to the cancellations of the French, German, Spanish, and Swiss Grands Prix.[10] At the end of the season, the team withdrew from motor sport, including Formula One.[9]

Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport (2010–present)

The Mercedes name returned to Formula One for the 2010 season after their owners, Daimler AG, bought a minority stake (45.1%) in the Brawn GP team with Aabar Investments purchasing 30% on 16 November 2009,[11][12] with Ross Brawn continuing his duties as team principal and the team retaining its base and workforce in Brackley, close to the Mercedes-Benz Formula One engine plant (formerly Ilmor Engineering) in Brixworth.[12] Following the purchase of the team, as well as a sponsorship deal with Petronas,[13] the team was rebranded as Mercedes GP Petronas Formula One Team.[14] The team has a complex history; it can be traced back to Tyrrell Racing, who competed as a constructor from 1970 until 1998, until being bought by British American Tobacco to become British American Racing in 1999. BAR, who had formed a partnership with Honda, eventually became Honda Racing F1 Team in 2006 when BAT withdrew from the sport. It again changed hands in 2008, when Honda withdrew, and was purchased by the team's management, naming it Brawn GP after team principal Ross Brawn.[15] Brawn used engines from Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines, and despite running on a low budget, Jenson Button won six of the first seven races and ultimately the 2009 Drivers' Championship, while Brawn won the Constructors' Championship. It was the first time in the sport's sixty-year history that a team won both titles in its maiden season.

Nico Rosberg 2010 Malaysia race
Nico Rosberg scored Mercedes's first podium finish as a works team since 1955 at the 2010 Malaysian Grand Prix

The team hired German drivers Nico Rosberg, and seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher,[16] who returned to Formula One after a three-year absence, and Nick Heidfeld as the test and reserve driver. Of Brawn's 2009 drivers, Jenson Button signed for McLaren, whilst Rubens Barrichello moved to Rosberg's former seat with Williams team for 2010. With the acquisition of Brawn, the team ended its involvement with McLaren, parent company Daimler AG sold back the 40% shareholding in the McLaren Group,[12] while continuing to supply engines to the team.[17]

The team's performance during 2010 was not so competitive as under Brawn, with the team behind the leading three teams of Ferrari, McLaren, and Red Bull. Their best results came from Rosberg finishing on the podium three times, scoring third places at Sepang, Shanghai, and Silverstone. Rosberg eventually finished in seventh place, but Schumacher had a disappointing return, being beaten by his teammate and finishing the season without a single race win, podium, pole position, or fastest lap for the first time since his début season in 1991. He also was involved in a controversy in Hungary after nearly squeezing former Ferrari teammate Rubens Barrichello into the wall at 180 mph (290 km/h). Ultimately, the team finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship, with 214 points.

Prior to the 2011 season, Daimler and Aabar purchased the remaining 24.9% stake owned by the team management in February 2011.[18] Using the new MGP W02, the Australian Grand Prix ended when Schumacher and Rosberg both retired due to crash damage on laps 19 and 22 respectively. In Malaysia, Rosberg qualified ninth and Schumacher again failed to make Q3, qualifying eleventh. Schumacher scored the team's first points of the season with a ninth-place finish, whereas Rosberg had a quiet race and finished twelfth. In China, Rosberg and Schumacher showed strong form, with Rosberg finishing fifth as well as leading fourteen laps during the race, while Schumacher ended the race in eighth place. Rosberg added another fifth place in Turkey, while in Spain, Schumacher finished in sixth place, ahead of Rosberg.

After a pointless Monaco Grand Prix, Schumacher equalled his best finish for the team in Canada, finishing fourth after running as high as second. In Valencia, Rosberg finished seventh, and Schumacher seventeenth, after contact with Vitaly Petrov. Rosberg and Schumacher both finished in the points at the following two races in Great Britain and Germany. Gearbox issues stopped Schumacher from scoring at the Hungarian Grand Prix, but Rosberg managed to finish in ninth place. At the Belgian Grand Prix, Schumacher moved from the back of the grid – after losing a wheel in qualifying – to finish fifth, while Rosberg finished sixth, having led the race in its early stages. Again, the team finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship just as in 2010, with 165 points with no wins, podiums, or poles.

Michael Schumacher pole lap monaco 2012
Michael Schumacher at the 2012 Monaco Grand Prix

For 2012, the team removed the GP from their name and added the name of AMG, the high performance brand of Daimler AG, to their title. The team will be known as Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team. At the start of the season the team was the subject of protest over the use of a "radical" rear wing concept on the Mercedes F1 W03,[19] which was not settled until the third race in China when the stewards unanimously rejected the protest.[20]

At the third race of the season in China, Rosberg took the team's first pole position as a works team since Fangio in 1955; Schumacher finished the session third, but moved up to second after a grid penalty for Lewis Hamilton. The team secured its first win in 57 years when Nico Rosberg finished first in the 2012 Chinese Grand Prix. In addition to that, Rosberg became the first German driver to win a Grand Prix driving a German vehicle since Hermann Lang's victory at the 1939 Swiss Grand Prix.

On 28 September 2012, it was announced that McLaren driver Lewis Hamilton would join the team from the 2013 season onwards, having signed a three-year deal to partner Nico Rosberg in the team.[21]

On 26 May 2013 Nico Rosberg capitalised on a pole position to award the team its first win of 2013 at the Monaco Grand Prix. Paddy Lowe moved to the Mercedes Formula One team as Executive Director on 3 June 2013.[22][23] Mercedes then went on to take third place in the Canadian Grand Prix courtesy of Hamilton, followed by another win for Rosberg at the British Grand Prix after the team took 1–2 in qualifying. The team then celebrated their third win of the season after Hamilton took his first victory for the team at the Hungarian Grand Prix, resulting in second place ahead of Ferrari in the Constructors' Championship.

Rosberg Hamilton - 2016 Monaco GP 2
Hamilton and Rosberg at the 2016 Monaco Grand Prix

Both drivers were retained for 2014. Rosberg won the first race of the season in Australia, then in Malaysia, Hamilton completed a grand slam –leading every lap from pole position, with the fastest race lap –while Rosberg completed a 1–2 finish for the team; it ended Hamilton's nine race streak without a podium finish, and was the first 1–2 finish by Mercedes as a works team since the 1955 Italian Grand Prix. The team repeated the result at the Bahrain, the Chinese, and the Spanish Grands Prix, while Rosberg and Hamilton finished 1–2 respectively at the Monaco and Austrian Grands Prix. At the German Grand Prix, Rosberg became the first German driver driving a German vehicle to win the German Grand Prix since it was achieved by Rudolf Caracciola and Mercedes-Benz at the 1939 German Grand Prix. At the Russian Grand Prix the team won their first Constructors' Championship as a works team. Hamilton won the last race of the season, held in Abu Dhabi. He finished the season 67 points ahead of Rosberg, clinching the World Drivers' Championship.[24] The team finished the 2014 season 296 points ahead of their closest rival Red Bull Racing in the World Constructors' Championship standings. With 18 pole positions, 16 wins and 11 1–2's out of 19 races, Mercedes dominated this first year of the V6 turbo era. For their 16 race victories, the average winning margin to the nearest non-Mercedes competitor was 23.2 seconds.[25]

For the 2015 season, the team retained both Hamilton and Rosberg.[26] At the 2015 Russian Grand Prix the team won their second Constructors' Championship as a works team[27] and Hamilton won his second consecutive Drivers' Championship at the 2015 United States Grand Prix, finishing 59 points ahead of Rosberg. Mercedes continued their domination in this second year of the V6 turbo era, improving on their impressive numbers from 2014 with 18 pole positions, 16 wins and 12 1–2's in 19 races. Of their 16 race victories, the average winning margin to the nearest non-Mercedes competitor was 19.7 seconds, down from 23.2 seconds in 2014.[28]

Bottas Mercedes W09 Testing Barcelona
Valtteri Bottas during the 2018 pre-season test in Barcelona

In the 2016 season, Mercedes won the Constructors' Championship for the third consecutive season, winning 19 of the 21 races held, while securing 20 poles (the highest percentage ever in a single season of F1 at 95.2%) and 8 1–2's.[29] The average winning gap to the nearest non-Mercedes driver dropped to 14.6 seconds. Rosberg won his only Drivers' Championship, finishing 5 points ahead of Hamilton, before announcing his retirement shortly after winning the title.[30]

On 10 January 2017, Mercedes announced that Executive Director Paddy Lowe had left the team, and entered a period of garden leave.[31] On 16 January 2017, Valtteri Bottas was announced as Rosberg's replacement for the 2017 season[32] and British GP3 driver George Russell was incorporated into the junior team.[33]

On 22 October 2017, Mercedes won the Constructors' Championship for the fourth consecutive time.[34] One week later, Lewis Hamilton became the first British driver to win four world championships.[35] Mercedes finished the 2017 season with 12 wins out of 20 races, 15 poles, 4 1–2's and an average winning margin to the nearest non-Mercedes driver of 13.1 seconds.

For the 2018 season the team retained both Hamilton and Bottas. The team clinched their fifth straight constructors' title at the penultimate race of the season in Brazil after a win for Hamilton. In the 2018 season, Mercedes won 11 races (all for Hamilton) out of 21 races, took 10 fastest laps (three for Hamilton and seven for Bottas), 13 pole positions (eleven for Hamilton and two for Bottas), and four 1-2 finishes. This made Mercedes only the second team in the history in F1 to achieve the feat of winning 5 drivers' and constructors' titles in a row, after Ferrari did so between 2000 and 2004.

For the 2019 season, the team again retained both Hamilton and Bottas. In the opening race, both drivers locked out the front row with Hamilton taking pole position. Bottas overtook Hamilton at the start and took his first victory since the 2017 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, with Hamilton managing to give the team a 1-2 finish after fending off Red Bull's Max Verstappen.

V6 turbo era

Season Chassis Races Wins Pole positions 1–2 finishes Podiums Fastest laps Average winning margin Points Percentage of available points WDC WCC
2014 Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid 19 16 18 11 31 12 23.2 seconds 701 82% 1st, 2nd 1st
2015 Mercedes F1 W06 Hybrid 19 16 18 12 32 13 19.7 seconds 703 86% 1st, 2nd 1st
2016 Mercedes F1 W07 Hybrid 21 19 20 8 33 9 14.6 seconds 765 85% 1st, 2nd 1st
2017 Mercedes AMG F1 W08 EQ Power+ 20 12 15 4 26 9 13.1 seconds 668 78% 1st, 3rd 1st
2018 Mercedes AMG F1 W09 EQ Power+ 21 11 13 4 25 10 6.8 seconds 655 73% 1st, 5th 1st

Engine supplier

Mercedes-Benz FO110J engine
The Mercedes-Benz FO110J V10 engine which was built in Brixworth.

Mercedes-Benz returned to Formula One as an engine supplier in 1994 in partnership with Ilmor, a British independent high-performance autosport engineering company with its manufacturing centre based in Brixworth, Northamptonshire. After acquisition by Mercedes, the company is now called Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains. It supplied Sauber for one season, then switched to McLaren in 1995 for a highly successful 20-year partnership.[36] In 2009, Mercedes also became suppliers of Brawn GP (later acquired to become the Mercedes-Benz factory team) and Force India, later known as Racing Point. A fourth team was added to the supplying program in 2014, Williams. The 20-year long partnership with McLaren ended in advance of the 2015 season.[36] At this time, Mercedes supplied engines to the Lotus F1 Team for one season, before switching to Manor in 2016.

The manufacturer has collected more than 100 wins as engine supplier and is ranked fourth in Formula One history. Six Constructors' and ten Drivers' Championships have been won with Mercedes-Benz engines.

Junior team

There have been 5 young drivers linked to Mercedes F1:

Current drivers

Driver Years Current series Titles
France Esteban Ocon 2015–present Formula One
(reserve driver)
GP3 Series
United Kingdom George Russell[37] 2017–present Formula One FIA Formula 2
GP3 Series
Italy Andrea Kimi Antonelli[38] 2018–present Karting none as Junior Team member
Estonia Paul Aron[39] 2019 ADAC Formula 4
Italian F4 Championship
none as Junior Team member
Jamaica Alex Powell[40] 2019 Karting none as Junior Team member

Former drivers

Driver Years Series competed
Germany Pascal Wehrlein 2014–2018 Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters (20142015, 2018)
Formula One (20162017)

Sponsorships

In December 2009, the team suffered an early setback when it was discovered that a planned £80m sponsorship arrangement that had been signed by Brawn with Henkel in July was invalid.[41] Henkel claimed they were unaware of the deal and had no interest in Formula One; the deal allegedly was made by a former Henkel employee on stolen company stationery for the purposes of defrauding the company. On 22 December, Henkel announced that the dispute with the team had been resolved with a mutual agreement and that legal action would not be pursued, although the team would work with the German prosecutor's office to clarify the matter.[42]

On 21 December, the team confirmed that the number one Malaysian oil supplier Petronas would join the team as title sponsor. Petronas was based in Kuala Lumpur where the Sepang International Circuit (SIC) is located.[43] From 2010 the team competed under the full title of Mercedes GP Petronas Formula One Team.[44] According to some reports,[45] the arrangement is valued at €30m each year.

On 25 January 2010, the team's livery was unveiled publicly at the Mercedes-Benz museum in Stuttgart,[46] with Schumacher and Rosberg in attendance.[47] The cars race in the traditional silver colours of Mercedes-Benz and retains Brawn GP sponsor MIGfx. In 2013, the team signed a multi-year deal with mobile company BlackBerry which ended after the 2015 season. The team also had other major partners such as Monster Energy, Puma, Swissquote (till 2014). Qualcomm, UBS, Epson, Bose & Hugo Boss were added as sponsors in 2015, while Wihuri joined Mercedes together with Bottas in 2017. Before the 2017 Bahrain Grand Prix, Mercedes added software company Tibco as one of their partners. In 2018 Tommy Hilfiger took over from Hugo Boss as the team's clothing supplier with Hamilton becoming a brand ambassador for the company and participating in the #WhatsYourDrive Promotion. For 2019, the team made a global partnership with CrowdStrike and Marriott Bonvoy.[48]

Racing record

  • Constructors' Championships winning percentage: 55.6%
  • Drivers' Championships winning percentage: 63.6%
  • Winning percentage: 48.2%

(Bold indicates championships won.)

Year Name Car Engine Tyres No. Drivers Points WCC
1954 Germany Daimler-Benz AG W196 M196 2.5 L8 C N/A[N 1] Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
West Germany Hans Herrmann
West Germany Karl Kling
West Germany Hermann Lang
N/A[N 2]
1955 Germany Daimler-Benz AG W196 M196 2.5 L8 C N/A[N 1] Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
West Germany Hans Herrmann
West Germany Karl Kling
United Kingdom Stirling Moss
France André Simon
Italy Piero Taruffi
N/A[N 2]
1956 – 2009: Mercedes-Benz did not compete.
2010 Germany Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team MGP W01 FO 108X 2.4 V8 B 3.
4.
Germany Michael Schumacher
Germany Nico Rosberg
214 4th
2011 Germany Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team MGP W02 FO 108Y 2.4 V8 P 7.
8.
Germany Michael Schumacher
Germany Nico Rosberg
165 4th
2012 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W03 FO 108Z 2.4 V8 P 7.
8.
Germany Michael Schumacher
Germany Nico Rosberg
142 5th
2013 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W04 FO 108F 2.4 V8 P 9.
10.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
360 2nd
2014 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W05 Hybrid PU106A Hybrid 1.6 V6 t P 6.
44.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
701 1st
2015 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W06 Hybrid PU106B Hybrid 1.6 V6 t P 6.
44.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
703 1st
2016 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team F1 W07 Hybrid PU106C Hybrid 1.6 V6 t P 6.
44.
Germany Nico Rosberg
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
765 1st
2017 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport F1 W08 EQ Power+ M08 EQ Power+ 1.6 V6 t P 44.
77.
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
668 1st
2018 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport F1 W09 EQ Power+ M09 EQ Power+ 1.6 V6 t P 44.
77.
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
655 1st
2019 Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport F1 W10 EQ Power+ M10 EQ Power+ 1.6 V6 t P 44.
77.
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
407* 1st*
Source:[49]

* Season still in progress.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Individual driver numbers were not allocated at the time, as numbers differed by event.
  2. ^ a b The Constructors' Championship was not awarded until the 1958 season.

References

  1. ^ "Brackley". Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Lewis Hamilton: Mercedes driver agrees £40m-a-year deal until 2020". BBC Sport. 19 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Valtteri Bottas: Mercedes driver signs one-year contract extension". BBC Sport. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  4. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Beer, Matt (23 November 2018). "Esteban Ocon gets 2019 Mercedes F1 reserve driver role". Autosport. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. ^ van Ufford, Nicolás Quarles (22 October 2018). "Vandoorne to become sim-driver for Mercedes in 2019". www.gpblog.com. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  6. ^ The extra 139.14 points are Mercedes drivers' points from 1954 to 1955, before the World Constructors' Championship was established in 1958.
  7. ^ "2010 Formula One World Championship Entry list".
  8. ^ "De geschiedenis van Mercedes-Benz in de Grand Prix-racerij". MotorRacingBlog.nl. 20 November 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  9. ^ a b c "Mercedes-Benz profile". Grandprix.com. Inside F1. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  10. ^ Lang, Mike (1981). Grand Prix! Vol 1. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 82. ISBN 0-85429-276-4.
  11. ^ Straw, Edd (16 November 2009). "Mercedes takes over Brawn". Autosport.com. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
  12. ^ a b c "Mercedes-Benz to take over Brawn GP". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  13. ^ "February debut, Petronas backing for Mercedes". Formula1.com. Formula One Administration. 21 December 2009. Archived from the original on 24 December 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  14. ^ "Mercedes takes over Brawn F1 team". BBC News. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
  15. ^ "F1 Teams: Brawn GP". F1 Fanatic.co.uk. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  16. ^ "Michael Schumacher signs up for F1 return with Mercedes". BBC Sport. BBC. 23 December 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
  17. ^ Benson, Andrew (16 November 2009). "Mercedes takes over Brawn F1 team". BBC News. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
  18. ^ Noble, Jonathan (28 February 2011). "Daimler completes team takeover". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
  19. ^ Noble, Jonathan (15 March 2012). "Mercedes F1 team's rear wing concept deemed legal by FIA". Autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  20. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (12 April 2012). "Lotus protest against Mercedes wing rejected by FIA". Autosport. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  21. ^ Benson, Andrew (28 September 2012). "Lewis Hamilton to leave McLaren after signing Mercedes contract". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  22. ^ "Paddy Lowe to join Mercedes early". grandprix.com. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  23. ^ "'Brawn not threatened by Lowe's arrival'". PlanetF1.com. 29 June 2013. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  24. ^ "Formula 1 2014 Results". BBC Sport. BBC. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  25. ^ "VIDEO: WHY THE MERCEDES WAS THE DOMINANT F1 CAR OF 2014 AND HOW THEY MADE IT FASTER". James Allen on F1. 22 December 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  26. ^ "How the 2015 grid is shaping up". ESPN. ESPN. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  27. ^ "2015 Constructors Standings". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  28. ^ "How does Mercedes' dominance of F1 compare to previous eras?". Autosport. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  29. ^ "2016 Constructors Standings". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  30. ^ Benson, Andrew (2 December 2016). "Nico Rosberg retires: World champion quits Formula 1 five days after title win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
  31. ^ "Paddy Lowe to leave Mercedes AMG Petronas Motorsport". mercedesamgf1.com. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  32. ^ "Bottas to Mercedes, Massa to re-join Williams". Formula1.com. Formula One World Championship Ltd. 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  33. ^ "George Russell: World champions Mercedes sign teenager from King's Lynn". BBC Sport. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  34. ^ "Mercedes celebrates fourth consecutive constructors title". F1i.com. 22 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  35. ^ "Hamilton champion, Verstappen wins race". GPUpdate.net. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  36. ^ a b "The best engine partnerships in F1 history". Formula1.com. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  37. ^ "George Russell: World champions Mercedes sign teenager from King's Lynn". BBC Sport. 19 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  38. ^ "Mercedes: sarà Andrea Kimi Antonelli l'erede di Lewis Hamilton? (Mercedes: will Andrea Kimi Antonelli be the heir to Lewis Hamilton?)". 3 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  39. ^ Waring, Bethonie (4 July 2019). "F4 racer Paul Aron joins Merecedes F1 junior programme". FormulaScout. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  40. ^ Allen, Peter (4 April 2019). "Powell joins Antonelli as Mercedes F1-supported karter". FormulaScout. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  41. ^ "Henkel says Mercedes deal is invalid". Autosport.com. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
  42. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (22 December 2009). "Henkel settles dispute with Brawn GP". Autosport.com. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  43. ^ "Mercedes GP signs long-term agreement with PETRONAS". Brawn GP. 21 December 2009.
  44. ^ "Mercedes GP picks up Petronas". AUSmotive.com. 21 December 2009.
  45. ^ Allen, James (21 December 2009). "Mercedes lands €30 million Petronas sponsorship". Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  46. ^ "Mercedes GP launches new era for Silver Arrows". AUSmotive.com. 25 January 2010.
  47. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (25 January 2010). "Mercedes GP unveils car colours". autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
  48. ^ "Mercedes announces global partnership with Crowdstrike".
  49. ^ "Mercedes – Seasons". StatsF1. Retrieved 26 August 2018.

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Red Bull Racing
Formula One Constructors' Champion
20142015201620172018
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Awards
Preceded by
Daniel Ricciardo
Lorenzo Bandini Trophy
2015
Succeeded by
Max Verstappen
Bob Bell (motorsport)

Robert Charles Bell (born 10 April 1958 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) is the chief technical officer of the Renault Formula One team.

Bell attended Queen's University in Belfast, gaining a doctorate in Aeronautical Engineering. before joining McLaren in 1982 and worked as the company aerodynamicist until 1988, when he was promoted to head of research and development for the next two years. In 1997, Bell moved to the Benetton Formula team, working there with Nick Wirth.He worked as the Senior Aerodynamicist at Benetton until 1999, when he went to the Jordan Grand Prix team joining them as the head of vehicle technology, after being invited by his former McLaren colleague Mike Gascoyne. Both left Jordan for Renault F1 and in 2001, Bell was appointed the deputy technical director at the Enstone team, becoming the technical director in 2003 when Mike Gascoyne departed to join the Toyota F1 team.Bell was Renault F1's technical director during the hugely successful 2005 and 2006 seasons, in which his R25 and R26 won both the Drivers' and the Constructor's championships. The next two seasons saw very few good results, and his projects dropped in the Constructor's championship to fourth place in 2007 and 2008.

After the resignations of Flavio Briatore and Pat Symonds in relation to the Renault Formula One crash controversy, Bell was appointed acting team principal for the rest of 2009, on September 23, 2009. For the 2010 season, Bell held the position of managing director for the Renault team until leaving the team on October 6, 2010.

On 18 February 2011, Bell was appointed as the new technical director of Mercedes GP, effective of 1 April 2011. On 14 April 2014, Mercedes announced that Bell had resigned his position in December 2013 and would be leaving the team in November 2014.Prior to the 2015 Canadian Grand Prix, Manor Marussia announced the recruitment of Bell as technical consultant.On 3 February 2016, Bell was announced as the chief technical officer at the newly created Renault Sport F1 Team, with the Renault R.S.16 car.

Fritz Nallinger

Dr Professor Fritz Nallinger (6 August 1898 in Esslingen am Neckar – 4 June 1984 in Stuttgart) was a German automobile engineer and executive.

Geoff Willis

Geoffrey Willis (born 23 December 1959) is the Technology Director of the Mercedes Formula One team. He was also the Technical Director of Red Bull Racing team from 2007 to 2009 and Technical Director of Hispania Racing from 2010 to 2011.

In 1987 after a degree at Cambridge University in engineering, he was approached to join the design team of the Peter de Savary's British America's Cup challenge and he spent the next three years designing and developing hull and keel designs for the team in preparation for the competition in San Diego. Prior to working for Honda, Willis was employed as chief aerodynamicist by the Williams Formula One team and also worked as a consultant at the Leyton House team in the early 1990s. While at Leyton House, Willis met Adrian Newey and it was through this association that he joined Williams, after Newey was recruited by the British team. When Newey moved to rival McLaren in 1997, Willis was promoted, alongside Gavin Fisher, to take his role.

Willis joined the British American Racing outfit in 2001, which was later bought by Honda in 2005. His status within the team became unclear as of 22 June 2006, following the appointment of Shuhei Nakamoto as Senior Technical Director. Willis had been told to stop going to races in order to focus on aerodynamics, which appeared to conflict with the appointment of Mariano Alperin-Bruvera to head the aerodynamics group using Honda's new full-size wind tunnel. Willis eventually left the team later in the year. On 17 July 2007, Willis was hired by Red Bull Racing as the team's Technical Director, once again under Newey. He left Red Bull in July 2009 for unknown reasons.Willis joined the new Hispania Racing F1 Team in March 2010. In September 2011 he left HRT, reportedly because the team had not assured him of necessary financial backing for designing the car for 2012 Formula One season and joined Mercedes as Technology director on 17 October 2011.

Hermann Lang

Hermann Lang (6 April 1909 – 19 October 1987) was a German racing driver who raced motorcycles, Grand Prix cars, and sports cars.

Ilmor

Ilmor, founded by Mario Illien and Paul Morgan in November 1983, is a British independent high-performance autosport engineering company. With manufacturing based in Brixworth, Northamptonshire, and maintenance offices in Plymouth, Michigan, the company supplies engines and consultancy to the IndyCar Series and MotoGP.

After originally developing IndyCar engines, the company built a partnership with Mercedes-Benz to power F1 cars for both the Sauber and McLaren teams. After the death of Paul Morgan in a vintage aeroplane crash in 2001, Mercedes increased its stake until it owned the entire company, and renamed it Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines Ltd.

In 2005, Mario Illien concluded a deal to purchase the Special Projects part of the company in partnership with Roger Penske, which was under contract with Honda Performance Development to jointly develop, arrange, prepare and tune-up IndyCar engines from 2003-2011. This new company, which is totally independent of Mercedes, is once again known as Ilmor Engineering Ltd. They once again developed the Ilmor X3 for the 2007 MotoGP World Motorcycle Championship, which they entered in one race before withdrawing and effectively shutting down the race team, due to funding problems.

Racing remains the core part of the business today and Ilmor acts as a consultant for motorsport clients from all forms of racing. However, the business is now using its racing expertise to diversify into other areas such as OEM automotive, defence, marine and energy efficient engine applications.

James Allison (motorsport)

James Allison (born 22 February 1968) is an English motorsport designer and engineer, best known for his accomplishments in Formula 1, where he is the current technical director of Mercedes-AMG.

James Vowles

James P. Vowles, born 1979 in Felbridge, is a British motorsport engineer, currently working in Formula One with the Mercedes team as their Chief Strategist.Vowles was responsible for the Brawn GP race strategy, which was critical to the team's championship-winning 2009 campaign. Prior to Brawn GP, Vowles worked in Formula 1 as an engineer for Brawn GP's predecessors British American Racing and Honda Racing F1. The team was later bought by Mercedes.

Jock Clear

Jock Clear (born 12 September 1963) is an English senior performance engineer working for Scuderia Ferrari, where he is currently the race engineer for Charles Leclerc. Before moving to Ferrari, he worked at Mercedes, where he was the race engineer for Lewis Hamilton (2013–14) and Michael Schumacher (2011–12). He was race engineer for Nico Rosberg (2010–2012), Rubens Barrichello (2006–2009) and Takuma Sato (2003–2005).

Loïc Bigois

Loïc Bigois (born 19 September 1960 in Aix-en-Provence, France) is a Formula One aerodynamicist.

After studying engineering in Paris and Aix-en-Provence, Bigois relocated to Toulouse and began working in the aerospace industry. He was recruited by the Ligier F1 team in 1990 and for several years moved between the mid-field teams. In the late 1990s he returned to Ligier and remained as Chief Designer through the transition to Prost Grand Prix before being recruited by Minardi to become their Head of Aerodynamics in mid-2001.

In 2003 he was recruited by Williams as Aerodynamicist. In 2005 he succeeded Antonia Terzi as Chief Aerodynamicist. Bigois worked alongside Jörg Zander who replaced Gavin Fisher as Chief Designer in September 2005. Both Bigois and Zander worked under Technical Director Sam Michael.

On 2 July 2007, it was announced that he had agreed to join the Honda Racing F1 team and as a result, was suspended by Williams.In 2009, the team was reformed as Brawn GP but Bigois continued in the role of Head of Aerodynamics. Brawn GP subsequently won both the Drivers' and Constructors' championships, leading to Bigois being awarded the Dino Toso Racecar Aerodynamicist of the Year Award.Bigois was the Head of Aerodynamics at Mercedes GP which bought out Brawn GP following their double championship winning season until he decided to leave the team in June 2012.Following his departure from the Mercedes team, rumours emerging in Italian (Autosprint) and French (AutoHebdo) newspapers linked Bigois with the Maranello-based team Scuderia Ferrari. Bigois would join Ferrari as Head of Aerodynamics before the end of the year, after a long period of gardening leave.

Max Sailer

Max Sailer (20 December 1882 – 5 February 1964) was a German racecar driver.

Sailer was born in Esslingen. Prior to World War II he headed Mercedes' racing efforts, later retiring to become a director of the firm. He died in his native town of Esslingen, aged 81.

Mercedes-Benz W196

The Mercedes-Benz W196 was a Formula One racing car produced by Mercedes-Benz for the 1954 and 1955 F1 seasons. Successor to the W194, in the hands of Juan Manuel Fangio and Stirling Moss it won 9 of 12 races entered and captured the only two world championships in which it competed.

Firsts included the use of desmodromic valves and Daimler-Benz developed mechanical direct fuel injection adapted from the DB 601 high-performance V12 used on the Messerschmitt Bf 109E fighter during World War II.

The legendary 3-liter 300 SLR (Sport Leicht-Rennen, eng: Sport Light-Racing) was derived from the W196 for the 1955 World Sportscar Championship season. Its crash at Le Mans that year ended not only its own short-lived domination on the WSC circuit but spelled the end also for the W196, as Mercedes pulled out of competitive racing in 1955 and did not return for another three decades.

Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains

Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains (previously known as Ilmor Engineering and Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines) is a British Formula One engine manufacturer, owned by Mercedes-Benz. The company has supplied Sauber during the 1994 season, McLaren from 1995 to 2014, Force India from 2009 to 2018, Brawn in 2009, the Mercedes factory team since 2010, Williams since 2014, Lotus in 2015, Manor Racing in 2016 and Racing Point since 2018. Their engines have won seven Formula One Constructors' Championships and nine Drivers' Championships.

Mercedes F1 W03

The Mercedes F1 W03 is a Formula One racing car designed by Mercedes AMG Petronas Formula One Team for use in the 2012 Formula One season. The car was driven by seven time World Drivers' Champion Michael Schumacher and Nico Rosberg. The car was launched on 21 February, ahead of the second test of the winter testing season. The team used the F1 W03's predecessor, the Mercedes MGP W02, at the first test in Jerez de la Frontera — running for three of the four days — in order to evaluate the 2012 specification of Pirelli tyres. The W03 completed a shakedown at Silverstone on 16 February and carried out a private test at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona on 19 February; under the sporting regulations, the team was entitled to hold a private test as they had only attended three of the four test days at Jerez.At the 2012 Chinese Grand Prix, Nico Rosberg took Mercedes's first pole position and win since the 1955 Italian Grand Prix.

Mercedes MGP W01

The Mercedes MGP W01 was a Formula One motor racing car designed and built by the Mercedes GP Petronas team for the 2010 season and was driven by the returning seven-time World Champion Michael Schumacher and Nico Rosberg. The car was revealed at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo near Valencia at the first official test of the year on February 1. The team's silver livery was officially unveiled at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart on January 25, 2010 on the chassis of a Brawn BGP 001 following Mercedes's purchase of the championship-winning team of 2009.The team's achievements in their first season did not come close to those of Brawn the previous year, with the Mercedes battling Renault for the title of 'best of the rest' behind the leading three teams of Ferrari, McLaren and Red Bull. Rosberg finished on the podium three times, at Sepang, Shanghai and Silverstone. Schumacher's best finishes were three fourth places. He did not score a race win, podium, pole position or fastest lap for the first time since his début season in 1991, and also scored the worst finish of his F1 career at Valencia, where he finished fifteenth. Schumacher was penalised for dangerous driving after forcing his former Ferrari team-mate Rubens Barrichello towards the pit wall at 180 mph (290 km/h). At the last race in Abu Dhabi Schumacher spun while trying to overtake Rosberg and was hit by Vitantonio Liuzzi's Force India.

The team finished fourth in the Constructors' Championship, with 214 points.

This was the first Mercedes-Benz powered Formula One car to use non-Mobil branded fuel since 1994.

Mercedes MGP W02

The Mercedes MGP W02 is a Formula One racing car, the second car designed and built by Mercedes Grand Prix after buying 2009 World Constructors' Champions Brawn GP. The car was driven by seven-time World Drivers' Champion Michael Schumacher and Nico Rosberg in the 2011 Formula One season. The car was unveiled at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia, Spain on 1 February 2011. Two days before the car was unveiled, Mercedes released a render of the car showing a more traditional approach to the airbox than the one Mercedes used on the MGP W01 chassis and a darker silver livery. Both Schumacher and Rosberg drove the car on the first day of the Valencia tests.

Norbert Haug

Norbert Haug (born 24 November 1952 in Engelsbrand, Baden-Württemberg) is a German journalist, and the former Vice President of Mercedes-Benz motorsport activity, including Formula One, Formula 3 and DTM. Under his direction Mercedes-Benz enjoyed considerable success in all categories, winning multiple races and championships.

Paddy Lowe

Paddy Lowe FREng (born 8 April 1962 in Nairobi, Kenya) is a British motor racing engineer, who was the Chief Technical Officer at Williams Racing. He was previously the Executive Director (Technical) of the Mercedes Formula One team.

Rudolf Uhlenhaut

Rudolf Uhlenhaut (15 July 1906 - 8 May 1989) was an Anglo-German engineer and executive for Mercedes-Benz. He had a long association with the Mercedes-Benz racing programme of the 1930s and 1950s, and is best known for his road legal Uhlenhaut Coupé version of the 1955 Mercedes-Benz 300SLR race car.

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