Memphis Belle (film)

Memphis Belle is a 1990 British-American war drama film directed by Michael Caton-Jones and written by Monte Merrick. The film features an all-star cast with Matthew Modine, Eric Stoltz, and Harry Connick Jr. (in his film debut) in leading roles. Memphis Belle is a fictionalization of the 1943 documentary Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress by director William Wyler, about the 25th and last mission of an American Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bomber, the Memphis Belle, based in England during World War II.[1] The 1990 version was co-produced by David Puttnam and Wyler's daughter Catherine and dedicated to her father. The film closes with a dedication to all airmen, friend or foe, who fought in the skies above Europe during World War II.

Memphis Belle
Memphis belle poster
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMichael Caton-Jones
Produced by
Written byMonte Merrick
Starring
Music byGeorge Fenton
CinematographyDavid Watkin
Edited byJim Clark
Production
company
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
  • 4 September 1990 (United Kingdom)
  • 12 October 1990 (United States)
Running time
107 minutes
Country
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$23 million (estimated)
Box office$27 million (USA)

Plot

In May 1943, the crew of the Memphis Belle, a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress of the US Army Air Force, are grounded in England while their aircraft is repaired. The group is under the command of Col. Craig Harriman (David Strathairn), a no-nonsense, stoical leader who has been given the task of keeping the pressure on Nazi targets. An Army publicist, Lt. Col. Bruce Derringer (John Lithgow) is visiting the base, to interview the Belle crew in anticipation of their flying their 25th mission, a requirement to complete their tour of duty. Derringer is eager to use the crew on a war bonds tour stateside. He believes their success would help the war effort and confides to Harriman that many people back home are upset at the losses the Air Force has suffered. Some are beginning to think daylight bombing is ineffective, while Harriman openly favors it. Derringer informs him that it's his job to show this to the American public as a means of getting their support.

The officers of the squadron are informed the target for the day will be Bremen, Germany. After a delay due to poor weather over the target, the Memphis Belle and her squadron are airborne. They are soon assembled in formation with bomb group and their escort of North American P-51 Mustang fighters. They face frequent harassment by defending German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters along the way. Eventually, the escorting fighters, low on fuel, turn away, while the bombers continue alone.

Back at the base, Harriman and Derringer have harsh words after the latter starts decorating the mess hall for a celebration upon the Belle's return. Derringer accuses Harriman of being cold-hearted, concerned only with advancing his military career, and not really knowing the men under his command. In response, Harriman brings Derringer into his office and angrily dumps a pile of letters on his desk, then forces Derringer to read one of them. They are replies Harriman received from the grieving families of lost airmen to the condolence letters which he had sent, and partway through the first, Derringer is struck by the realization that the colonel had in fact known even the enlisted men who had been killed. The words of other letters are voiced by those who had written them, over film footage of actual Luftwaffe attacks on B-17s.

Meanwhile, the bombers have suffered significant losses. The German interceptors focus their attacks on the leading aircraft in the formation. The first lead bomber, Windy City, loses its engines and explodes in front of the Belle, piloted by Captain Dennis Dearborn (Matthew Modine) and co-pilot 1st Lt. Luke Sinclair (Tate Donovan). More attacks ensue, and the replacement lead bomber, C Cup, is forced to break formation when its nose is crippled by a collision with a Bf 109. The crew of the Belle watch in horror when they see an airman fall out of the stricken aircraft without a parachute. The Belle is then given the task of leading the formation to the target.

Finding the target – an aircraft assembly plant – becomes difficult as bombardier 1st Lt. Val Kozlowski (Billy Zane) can't see the target because of a smokescreen the Germans have created. Dearborn aborts the initial bomb run and orders the formation to circle around for a second attempt, which frustrates the Belle crew who have had to endure the ongoing attacks from the Germans. On the second run, Kozlowski spots the assembly plant through a gap in the smokescreen and the bombers successfully hit their target. Once clear of the anti-aircraft fire, they are again attacked by fighters. Staff Sgt. Richard "Rascal" Moore's (Sean Astin) ball turret is destroyed, but he is saved by the safety strap. The attacks continue, blasting a hole in the fuselage, tearing off a large chunk of the tail, and setting the number four engine on fire. Radio operator Staff Sgt. (T/3) Danny "Danny Boy" Daly (Eric Stoltz), is wounded in the attacks, which puts Kozlowski in a difficult position when the crew enlists his self-exaggerated medical "expertise" to save the injured radioman. Meanwhile, Dearborn and Sinclair skillfully drop the aircraft into a steep dive and put the fire out, despite great risk of losing the aircraft.

As the B-17 limps closer to base, the crew find that the wheels cannot be lowered due to electrical failure caused by battle damage, but they are able to manually crank their landing gear down just before landing. The ground crew and a humbled Lt. Colonel Derringer race to greet them with jubilant cheers. The crew exits the battered bomber and celebrate their victory with Daly on an ambulance.

Cast

  • Matthew Modine as Captain Dennis Dearborn, pilot: A humourless and socially inept perfectionist.
  • Tate Donovan as 1st Lt. Luke Sinclair, co-pilot: The carefree former lifeguard believes himself to be undervalued by Dearborn.
  • D.B. Sweeney as 1st Lt. Phil Lowenthal, navigator: Lowenthal is nervous before their final mission and convinced that he is doomed to die.
  • Billy Zane as 1st Lt. Val Kozlowski, bombardier: While everyone believes the confident, self-assured Kozlowski to be a doctor, it is later revealed he attended only two weeks of medical school before enlisting.
  • Eric Stoltz as Staff Sgt. (T/3) Danny "Danny Boy" Daly, radio operator: An earnest Irish-American, Daly was editor of the school paper, a valedictorian, and joined up right after graduating college.
  • Reed Diamond as Staff Sgt. (T/3) Virgil "Virge" or "Virgin" Hoogesteger, top turret gunner and flight engineer: Hoogesteger worked for his family's restaurant and plans to open a chain of identical restaurants after the war despite his crew-mate's warnings that such an unheard of enterprise could never succeed.
  • Sean Astin as Staff Sgt. Richard "Rascal" Moore, ball turret gunner: The diminutive, often crude gunner considers himself a ladies' man and delights in teasing his crewmates.
  • Courtney Gains as Staff Sgt. Eugene "Genie" McVey, right waist gunner. A religious and superstitious Irish-American.
  • Neil Giuntoli as Sgt. Jack Bocci, left waist gunner: A hot-tempered Chicago hoodlum, Bocci appears to look out only for himself but proves surprisingly kind to his fellow waist gunner McVey.
  • Harry Connick, Jr. as Staff Sgt. Clay Busby, tail gunner: After his father lost the family farm in a poker game, the laconic Busby earned money playing the piano in a New Orleans cathouse.
  • David Strathairn as Col. Craig Harriman
  • John Lithgow as Lt. Col. Bruce Derringer
  • Jane Horrocks as Faith
  • Mac McDonald as Les

Production

Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress '124485 - DF-A' (G-BEDF) (14423153306)
B-17G "Sally B".

Five real B-17 warbirds were used in the filming of Memphis Belle, out of eight B-17s that were airworthy during the late 1980s. Two were located in America (N3703G and N17W), two were in France (F-BEEA, which was destroyed in a takeoff accident[2] and F-AZDX The Pink Lady), and one was in England (G-BEDF Sally B). The original Memphis Belle was a B-17F model, so any B-17Gs used in the film were heavily modified to look like an earlier F model, having chin turrets removed, tail gun positions retrofitted with older designs and being painted olive drab green. During filming, two B-17s portrayed the Belle (one was the movie version of the Memphis Belle (N3703G) and the other was Sally B for scenes requiring pyrotechnics such as smoke and sparks indicating machine gun "hits" while the rest had nose art and squadron markings changed numerous times to make it appear there were more aircraft.[3]

Ground sequences for the movie (including takeoff and landing scenes) were filmed at the non-operational RAF Binbrook in Lincolnshire, England with a period control tower and vehicles being placed on site. Flying sequences were flown from the airfield site of the Imperial War Museum Duxford. All the extras for the film were obtained from auditions held in the area and included current and former members of the Royal Air Force. The filmmakers also used Pinewood Studios to shoot interior scenes and to shoot various models of B-17s.[4]

A North American B-25 Mitchell was used to film the majority of the aerial scenes with several fixed and trainable cameras also mounted on the available B-17s and fighter aircraft for action shots. A Grumman TBM Avenger (with its tail section painted the same olive drab tones used on the B-17s) was used as back-up for a short time when the B-25 became unserviceable during filming.[5]

The film pilots were warbird display pilots coming from the UK, USA, France, Germany, New Zealand and Norway, the roster changing several times as pilots had to return to their full-time jobs during filming. The flying sequences were devised and planned under the coordination of Old Flying Machine Company (OFMC) pilots Ray Hanna and his son Mark, who also acted as chief pilots for the fighter aircraft used and flew the camera-equipped fighter and TBM Avenger aircraft during filming.[6]

Due to a shortage of actual B-17 airframes, wooden silhouette mock-ups were made and placed at distant parts of the airfield.

Filming accident

A French B-17G (F-BEEA), used as a filming platform, hit a tree and a pile of gravel after losing engine power and swinging during takeoff from Binbrook and was destroyed by the subsequent fire. The crew of 10 escaped, with two of them suffering serious injury and three suffering minor injuries. While lined up on runway 21 awaiting takeoff, a puff of smoke was observed by a ground engineer from the vicinity of engine three which he conjectured could have been due to an over-boost. The aircraft commenced its ground roll and after about 100 yards swung slightly to the left, which the commander (the handling pilot) corrected with the rudder and by reducing power to number 3 and 4 engines. Once corrected full power on all engines was resumed but the aircraft swung right. The commander applied corrective rudder and reduced power to number 1 and 2 engines, but this was not immediately effective and the aircraft left the runway before straightening, parallel to the runway. Knowing that the aircraft was capable of being operated from grass landing strips, the pilot opted to continue the takeoff; however, after 400–500 yards and at an airspeed of 90-95 mph the aircraft swung right and its course was obstructed by a tree which was hit by the left wing and a pile of gravel which was hit by the number 4 propeller. The aircraft yawed to the right and came to rest in a cornfield; the fuselage broke into two sections aft of the bomb bay and caught fire.[2]

Historical accuracy

With the exception of the aircraft names, this film is fiction based only very loosely on fact. The characters are composites, the names are not those of the real crew of the Memphis Belle and the incidents shown are supposed to be representative of B-17 missions in general. Indeed, the characters and situations of the film bear little resemblance to the crew of the actual Memphis Belle, the nature of her final mission, the accuracy of strategic bombing, or Allied policy on the bombing of civilians. No optimistic official celebration on the evening before the Belle's 25th mission occurred, and there was no special welcome for the crew when the mission was over. The aircraft's participation in the Bremen campaign occurred in April 1943; the final, 25th mission of the Belle was a month later to Lorient, France before being flown back to the United States.

For the fighters, seven P-51 Mustangs were used, five of the P-51s were painted in the markings of the first USAAF Merlin-engined Mustang squadron to operate in Britain (a few months later in 1943 than the actual mission).[N 1] As there were no surviving flyable Messerschmitt Bf 109s, Luftwaffe fighter aircraft were represented by Ha-1112s, a Spanish version of the Bf 109 (which were also used to represent Bf 109s in the 1969 film Battle of Britain) in mid-war generic paint schemes.

Soundtrack

Memphis Belle (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by
Released1 October 1990
RecordedAbbey Road Studios,
CTS Studios, and
Angel Recording Studios,
London, England
GenreSoundtrack
Length42:47
LabelVarèse Sarabande
Producer

"The Chestnut Tree", performed by Glenn Miller And His Orchestra and written by Tommie Connor, Jimmy Kennedy and Hamilton Kennedy is featured in the film playing over the Memphis Belle's radio, but isn't on the soundtrack album. The upbeat version of "Danny Boy" performed by Connick at the party is not found on the soundtrack album; a slower version performed by Mark Williamson appears instead.[8] The film score, by George Fenton, was nominated for a BAFTA award for Best Original Film Score in 1991.

The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack album was recorded at Abbey Road Studios, CTS Studios, and Angel Recording Studios in London, England.[9] Included is Glenn Miller and His Orchestra performing "I Know Why (And So Do You)".

Track listing

  1. "Londonderry Air" / "Front Titles: Memphis Belle" (traditional / George Fenton) - 3:50
  2. "Green Eyes" (Nilo Menendez, Eddie Rivera, Eddie Woods) - 3:25
  3. "Flying Home" (Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Sydney Robin) - 2:57
  4. "The Steel Lady" (Fenton) - 1:44
  5. "Prepare For Take Off" ("Amazing Grace") (traditional) - 2:39
  6. "The Final Mission" (Fenton) - 3:51
  7. "With Deep Regret..." (Fenton) - 2:02
  8. "I Know Why (And So Do You)" (Mack Gordon, Harry Warren) - 2:55 - performed by Glenn Miller and His Orchestra
  9. "The Bomb Run" (Fenton) - 1:30
  10. "Limping Home" (Fenton) - 2:25
  11. "Crippled Belle: The Landing" (Fenton) - 3:26
  12. "Resolution" (Fenton) - 1:06
  13. "Memphis Belle" (End Title Suite) (Fenton) - 7:37
  14. "Danny Boy" (Theme from Memphis Belle) (Frederic E. Weatherly) - 3:20 - performed by Mark Williamson

Reception

Memphis Belle received mixed reviews, with Roger Ebert stating the film was "entertaining" yet filled with familiar wartime cliches. "This human element in the experience of the Memphis Belle crew somehow compensates for a lack of human dimension in the characters. We can't really tell the crew members apart and don't much care to, but we can identify with them."[10] UK film reviewer Andy Webb had similar reservations. "Despite its good intentions to highlight the risks and heroics of the brave men who flew dangerous bombing missions deep into enemy soil during World War II, the one thing which you can't miss about Memphis Belle is that it is a cliche commercial production."[11]

On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 67% based on reviews from 24 critics.[12] Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film a grade A on scale of A to F.[13]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ P-47 Thunderbolts were the escort at the time in 1943.[7]

Citations

  1. ^ Orriss 1984, p. 83.
  2. ^ a b "Boeing B17G Flying Fortress, F-BEEA 11-89 ." Air Accident Investigation Branch. Retrieved: 27 October 2014.)
  3. ^ Farmer 1990. p. 31.
  4. ^ "Original print information: Memphis Belle (1990)." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: 27 October 2014.
  5. ^ Carlson 2012 p. 120.
  6. ^ Farmer 1990. p. 37.
  7. ^ Farmer 1990. p. 32.
  8. ^ "Memphis Belle Soundtrack." soundtrackcollector.com . Retrieved: 11 October 2010.
  9. ^ "Memphis Belle." CD Universe, 17 October 1990. Retrieved: 11 October 2010.
  10. ^ Ebert, Roger. ""Memphis Belle". Roger Ebert.com, 12 October 1990.
  11. ^ Webb, Andy. "Memphis Belle (1990)". The Movie Scene, 2014. Retrieved: 27 October 2014.
  12. ^ https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1031087-memphis_belle
  13. ^ "Cinemascore". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018.

Bibliography

  • Carlson, Mark. Flying on Film: A Century of Aviation in the Movies, 1912–2012. Duncan, Oklahoma: BearManor Media, 2012. ISBN 978-1-59393-219-0.
  • Farmer, James H. Celluloid Wings: The Impact of Movies on Aviation. Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania: Tab Books Inc., 1984. ISBN 978-0-83062-374-7.
  • Farmer, James H. "The Making of Memphis Belle." Air Classics, Volume 26, Number 11, November 1990.
  • Morgan, Robert, and Ron Powers. The Man Who Flew the Memphis Belle. New York: Penguin Putnam, 2001. ISBN 0-451-20594-4.
  • Orriss, Bruce. When Hollywood Ruled the Skies: The Aviation Film Classics of World War II. Hawthorne, California: Aero Associates Inc., 1984. ISBN 0-9613088-0-X.

External links

Index of World War II articles (M)

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Martin K. Weiche

Martin Linge

Martin Luther (diplomat)

Martin Manulis

Martin McLaren

Martin Mutschmann

Martin Nielsen (politician)

Martin Niemöller

Martin Norberg

Martin Noth

Martin O. May

Martin Redmayne, Baron Redmayne

Martin Sandberger

Martin Tietze

Martin Weiss

Martin Wiesner

Martti Liuttula

Marty Karow

Marty Robbins

Martín Cardetti

Marvin Griffin

Marvin Lee Ramsden

Marvin Opler

Marvin Zindler

Marx-Lenin-Luxemburg Front

Marx Dormoy (Paris Métro)

Mary Colvin

Mary Coulshed

Mary Hallaren

Mary Herring

Mary Jayne Gold

Mary Katherine Herbert

Mary Previte

Mary Soames, Baroness Soames

Mary Tyrwhitt

Mary Welsh

Mary Yamashiro Otani

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood

Maryan Wisnieski

Marye Anne Fox

Maryland Drydock Company

Maryse Bastié

Marzabotto massacre

Maréchal, nous voilà !

MAS-36 rifle

MAS-38

Masada Action and Defense Movement

Masafumi Arima

Masaharu Homma

Masahiko Amakasu

Masahiko Takeshita

Masaichi Niimi

Masakazu Kawabe

Masaki Kashiwara

Masakichi Inoue

Masanobu Tsuji

Masao Maruyama (Japanese Army officer)

Masao Maruyama (scholar)

Masao Nakamura

Masao Watanabe

Masaomi Yasuoka

Masashi Oguro

Masataka Ida

Masatane Kanda

Masatomi Kimura

Masazumi Inada

Maschinengewehr 08

Masha Bruskina

Mason Welch Gross

Mass racial violence in the United States

Massacre in Ciepielów

Massacre in Rome

Massacre in Trhová Kamenice

Massacre of Brzostowica Mala

Massacre of Kalavryta

Massacre of Lvov professors

Massacres of Poles in Volhynia

Massey Lopes, 2nd Baron Roborough

Massy-Verrières

Massy – Palaiseau (Paris RER)

Master Man (Marvel Comics)

Master race

Masuji Ibuse

Mata Gabin

Matagorda Island AFB

Matanikau Offensive

Mateen Ahmed Ansari

Matej Bor

Matheus Coradini Vivian

Mathias Kouo-Doumbe

Mathieu Bastareaud

Mathieu Berson

Mathieu Blin

Mathieu de Montmorency

Mathieu Kassovitz

Mathieu Tillet

Mathilda May

Mathilde Bonaparte

Mathilde Carré

Mathurin Henrio

Mathurin Jacques Brisson

Matilda Mk I

Matilda tank

Mato Dukovac

Matome Ugaki

Matouqin Nocturne

Matsu-class destroyer

Matsudaira Morio

Matsudaira Taro

Matsuhiro Watanabe

Matsuji Ijuin

Matt Batts

Matt McGrath

Matt Urban

Matthew McKeon

Matthew Meselson

Matthew Ridgway

Matthias Kleinheisterkamp

Matthäus Hetzenauer

Matvei Vainrub

Maubert-Mutualité (Paris Métro)

MAUD Committee

Maurice Abravanel

Maurice Albert Windham Rogers

Maurice Anderson

Maurice Arthur Pope

Maurice Austin

Maurice Bardèche

Maurice Barrès

Maurice Bavaud

Maurice Blitz

Maurice Monney-Bouton

Maurice Britt

Maurice Buckmaster

Maurice Challe

Maurice Delarue

Maurice Druon

Maurice Durquetty

Maurice E. Curts

Maurice Evans (actor)

Maurice F. Weisner

Maurice Faure

Maurice G. Dantec

Maurice Gamelin

Maurice Joseph Manuel

Maurice Kriegel-Valrimont

Maurice Lafont

Maurice Laing

Maurice Larrouy

Maurice Lecoq

Maurice Macmillan

Maurice Martenot

Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Maurice Norland

Maurice Paléologue

Maurice Papon

Maurice Peeters

Maurice Petherick

Maurice Raichenbach

Maurice Risch

Maurice Rose

Maurice Roy

Maurice Salomez

Maurice Schlesinger

Maurice Schumann

Maurice Taieb

Maurice Taylor (bishop)

Maurice Thorez

Maurice Tourneur

Maurice Turnbull

Maurice Verdonck

Maurice Villaret

Maurice Wilkins

Maurice Wood

Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie

Mauricio Pochettino

Mauritz Eriksson

Mauritz Johansson

Mauro Bergamasco

Mauro Cetto

Maury Maverick, Jr.

Maus

Mauser C96

Mauser HSc

Mauthausen-Gusen camp trials

Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp

Mašín

Maverick County Memorial International Airport

Mavis (DC Comics)

Mavis Gallant

Max-Günther Schrank

Max-Hellmuth Ostermann

Max Abegglen

Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook

Max Amann

Max Ammermann

Max Born

Max Clifford Stormes

Max Coyne

Max Domarus

Max Décugis

Max Ehrlich

Max Elitcher

Max Ernst

Max Guazzini

Max Hainle

Max Herrmann (theatrologist)

Max Ibel

Max Immelmann

Max Jacob

Max Jaffa

Max Josef Metzger

Max Kögel

Max Kennedy Horton

Max Manus

Max Marcuse

Max Matern

Max Ophüls

Max Page

Max Patkin

Max Sachsenheimer

Max Schöne

Max Schmeling

Max Sievers

Max Silverstein

Max Stotz

Max Thompson (Medal of Honor)

Max Valentiner

Max Varnel

Max Ward (bush pilot)

Max Wielen

Max Winkler

Max Wünsche

Max Wolff (soldier)

Maxence Flachez

Maxie Long

Maxim's Paris

Maxim Kontsevich

Maxim M/32-33

Maxime Bossis

Maxime Du Camp

Maxime Weygand

Maximilian de Angelis

Maximilian Grabner

Maximilian Kolbe

Maximilian Volke

Maximilian von Edelsheim

Maximilian von Herff

Maximilian von Weichs

Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg

Maximiliano Hernández Martínez

Maxwell D. Taylor

Maxwell Kogon

Maxwell Meighen

May 1940 War Cabinet Crisis

May Craig (journalist)

Mayfield Workman

Maynard A. Joslyn

Maynard Harrison Smith

Mazas Prison

Mazowiecka Cavalry Brigade

Maîtrise Notre Dame de Paris

McCawley-class attack transport

McClellan Airfield

McClelland Barclay

McCollum memo

McCook Army Airfield

McCoy Reynolds

McDowell Grove Forest Preserve

McHale's Navy

McNary Field

Me 262 Project

Me and the Colonel

Mechanised Transport Corps

Mechelen Incident

Mechelen transit camp

Medal "For the Defence of Kiev"

Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"

Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"

Medal "For the Defence of Odessa"

Medal "For the Defence of Sevastopol"

Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad"

Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus"

Medal "For the Defence of the Soviet Transarctic"

Medal For the Victory Over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945

Medal "For the Victory over Japan"

Medal of Honor (video game series)

Medal of Honor (video game)

Medal of Honor: Airborne (soundtrack)

Medal of Honor: Airborne

Medal of Honor: Allied Assault

Medal of Honor: European Assault

Medal of Honor: Frontline

Medal of Honor: Heroes 2

Medal of Honor: Heroes

Medal of Honor: Infiltrator

Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault

Medal of Honor: Rising Sun

Medal of Honor: Underground

Medal of Honor: Vanguard

Medal of Honor

Medallions (book)

Medgar Evers

Medhi Bouzzine

Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre

Medium Extended Air Defense System

Medzhybizh

Mefküre

Mefo bills

MEFO

Mehdi Huseynzade

Mehdi Leroy

Mehdi Taouil

Meillerwagen

Mein Kampf

Meinoud Rost van Tonningen

Meinrad von Lauchert

Meir Balaban

Meir Dizengoff

Mel Allen

Mel and George "Do" World War II

Mel Brooks

Mel Hoderlein

Mel Mermelstein

Melchior de Polignac

Melchior de Vogüé

Melchior Wańkowicz

Melford Stevenson

Meliton Kantaria

Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg

Melville W. Beardsley

Melvin A. Casberg

Melvin Alvah Traylor Jr.

Melvin E. Biddle

Melvin Mayfield

Melvin R. Laird

Melvin Zais

Melvyn Douglas

Members of Hitler's cabinet

Memel Medal

Memoir '44

Mémorial de la Déportation

Memorial to gay and lesbian victims of National Socialism

Memorial to the German Resistance

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

Memphis Belle (B-17)

Memphis Belle (film)

Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress

Men Behind the Sun

Men Bingyue

Men of Timor

Men of War

Men of War

Menachem Birnbaum

Menachem Ziemba

Mengjiang

Menglianggu Campaign

Merauke Force

Mercedes-Benz L3000

Mercer Simpson

Meredith Colket

Merian C. Cooper

Meridian Ridge Campaign

Merlin Minshall

Merril Sandoval

Merrill's Marauders (film)

Merrill's Marauders

Merrill B. Twining

Merrit Cecil Walton

Merritt A. Edson

Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence

Merton Beckwith-Smith

Merville Gun Battery

Mervyn S. Bennion

Merwin Graham

Mesha Stele

Messerschmitt Bf 108

Messerschmitt Bf 109 Survivors

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Messerschmitt Bf 110

Messerschmitt Bf 162

Messerschmitt Me 109TL

Messerschmitt Me 163

Messerschmitt Me 209-II

Messerschmitt Me 210

Messerschmitt Me 261

Messerschmitt Me 262

Messerschmitt Me 263

Messerschmitt Me 264

Messerschmitt Me 265

Messerschmitt Me 309

Messerschmitt Me 310

Messerschmitt Me 321

Messerschmitt Me 323

Messerschmitt Me 328

Messerschmitt Me 329

Messerschmitt Me 409

Messerschmitt Me 410

Messerschmitt Me 509

Messerschmitt Me 609

Messerschmitt Me P.1101

Messerschmitt Me P.1106

Metallurgical Laboratory

Metaxas Line

Metel

Metgethen massacre

Metox

Metropolitan Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh

Mettawee-class gasoline tanker

MF 2000

MF 67

MF 77

MF 88

MG-13

MG 15 machine gun

MG 17 machine gun

MG 81 machine gun

MG30

MG34

MG42

MHDOIF

Miła 18

Międzyrzec Podlaski Ghetto

Międzyrzec Podlaski

Międzyrzecz Fortified Region

MI10

MI11

MI8

MI9

Miami International Airport

Mian Ghulam Jilani

Miao dao

Miao Peinan

Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski

Michał Klepfisz

Michał Rola-Żymierski

Michał Vituška

Michael A. Hoffman II

Michael Aldridge

Michael Alexander

Michael Allmand

Michael Atiyah

Michael Barker (British Army officer)

Michael Beetham

Michael Berenbaum

Michael Carver, Baron Carver

Michael Collins (American author)

Michael Corleone

Michael Donald

Michael F. Feldkamp

Michael Faraday

Michael Flanders

Michael Floud Blaney

Michael Freund (writer)

Michael Gibson (GC)

Michael Goodliffe

Michael Hamburger

Michael Howard (historian)

Michael Hughes-Young, 1st Baron St Helens

Michael I of Romania

Michael J. Daly

Michael J. Novosel

Michael L. Chyet

Michael Leshing

Michael Lippert

Michael Lucas, 2nd Baron Lucas of Chilworth

Michael Marrus

Michael McCorkell

Michael Melford

Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin

Michael Musmanno

Michael O'Leary (VC)

Michael O'Moore Creagh

Michael Ochiltree

Michael P. W. Stone

Michael Pössinger

Michael Palliser

Michael Phayer

Michael Pollock

Michael R. Anastasio

Michael S. Davison

Michael Seifert (SS guard)

Michael Sinclair (British Army officer)

Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham

Michael Strank

Michael Torrens-Spence

Michael Whitney Straight

Michael Willoughby, 11th Baron Middleton

Michael Wilson (writer)

Michael Wittmann

Michael Woodruff

Michael Young (bobsleigh)

Michalis Papazoglou

Michaël Llodra

Michel-Ange - Auteuil (Paris Métro)

Michel-Ange - Molitor (Paris Métro)

Michel-Jean Sedaine

Michel-Louis-Étienne Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély

Michel Arnaud

Michel Bensoussan

Michel Bibard

Michel Champoudry

Michel Corneille the Elder

Michel Corneille the Younger

Michel Debré

Michel Delacroix (painter)

Michel Der Zakarian

Michel Drach

Michel Dupuy

Michel Déon

Michel Foucault

Michel Hollard

Michel Jouvet

Michel Laclotte

Michel le Tellier

Michel Leiris

Michel Lotito

Michel Mayor

Michel Mohrt

Michel Ney

Michel Pastoureau

Michel Petrucciani

Michel Raynaud

Michel Richard Delalande

Michel Serres

Michel Simon

Michel Talagrand

Michel Thomas

Michel Théato

Michel Vermeulin

Michele Carafa

Micheline Presle

Michiel Daniel Overbeek

Michihiko Hachiya

Michinori Shiraishi

Michitarō Komatsubara

Michitaro Totsuka

Mickael Poté

Mickaël Dogbé

Mickaël Landreau

Mickaël Madar

Mickaël Tavares

Mickey Conroy

Mickey Spillane

Micky Burn

Mid-Atlantic gap

Mid-Ocean Escort Force

Middle East Command

Midway (1964 game)

Midway (1991 game)

Midway (1976 film)

Midway Atoll

Midway order of battle

Mieczysław Batsch

Mieczysław Fogg

Mieczysław Kawalec

Mieczysław Niedziałkowski

Mieczysław Smorawiński

Mieczysław Zygfryd Słowikowski

Miep Gies

Mies Boissevain - van Lennep

Mietje Baron

Miguel Ángel Asturias

Miguel García Vivancos

Miguel Serrano

Mihai Antonescu

Mihail Lascăr

Mihail Manoilescu

Mihail Sadoveanu

Mihailo Olćan

Mihajlo Lukić

Mihiel Gilormini

Mike Blyzka

Mike Calvert

Mike Colalillo

Mike Hoare

Mike Holovak

Mike Honda

Mike James (rugby)

Mike Judge (fictional character)

Mike Lithgow

Mike Masaoka

Mike Sandlock

Mike Staner

Mike Wallace

Mikel Arteta

Mikhail Devyatayev

Mikhail Gromov

Mikhail Kalinin

Mikhail Katukov

Mikhail Kirponos

Mikhail Loginov

Mikhail Minin

Mikhail Surkov

Mikhail Vodopianov

Mikio Hasemoto

Mikio Oda

Miklós Bánffy

Miklós Horthy

Miklós Kállay

Miklós Nyiszli

Miklós Radnóti

Miklós Steinmetz

Miklós Vig

Miklos Kanitz

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3

Mikura-class escort ship

Milan (camp)

Milan Nedić

Milan Neralić

Milch Trial

Mildred Gillars

Mildred H. McAfee

Mildred Harnack

Mile Budak

Milena Jesenská

Milentije Popović

Miles Aircraft

Miles Browning

Miles Dempsey

Miles Lerman

Miles M.20

Miles M.35 Libellula

Miles M.39B Libellula

Miles Magister

Miles Martinet

Miles Master

Miles Mohawk

Miles Stapleton-Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk

Miles Whitney Straight

Milford Zornes

Milice

Militarism-Socialism in Showa Japan

Military Administration (Nazi Germany)

Military awards of World War II

Military decorations of the Third Reich

Military description of the Warsaw Uprising

Military engagements of the Second Sino-Japanese War

Military equipment of Axis Power forces in Balkans and Russian Front

Military Geology Unit

Military history of Albania during World War II

Military history of Australia during World War II

Military history of Belarus during World War II

Military history of Bulgaria during World War II

Military history of Canada during the Second World War

Military history of Canada during World War I

Military history of Carpathian Ruthenia during World War II

Military history of Croatia

Military history of Egypt during World War II

Military history of Finland during World War II

Military history of France during World War II

Military history of Gibraltar during World War II

Military history of Greece during World War II

Military history of Italy during World War II

Military history of Latvia during World War II

Military history of Leningrad Oblast during World War II

Military history of New Zealand during World War II

Military history of South Africa during World War II

Military history of the Netherlands during World War II

Military history of the Philippines during World War II

Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II

Military history of the United States during World War II

Military Intelligence Service (United States)

Military Operations in Scandinavia, and Iceland during WW2

Military Order of the Iron Trefoil

Military Organization Lizard Union

Military Policy Committee

Military production during World War II

Military Service Act 1939

Milivoj Ašner

Millard Harmon

Millennium (Hellsing)

Millions Like Us

Millis Jefferis

Mills bomb

Milorad Nedeljković

Milorg

Miloslav Rechcigl, Sr.

Milosz Magin

Miloš Dimitrijević

Miloš Milutinović

Miloš Minić

Milovan Đilas

Milt Schmidt

Milton Ernest Ricketts

Milton Orville Thompson

Milton Reckord

Milton S. Eisenhower

Milton Shapp

Milton Wolff

Mimis Pierrakos

Mimoyecques

Mina Rosner

Minatec

Mineichi Koga

Minekaze-class destroyer

Mineo Ōsumi

Mineral Wells Airport

Mines of Paris

Minesweepers of the Royal New Zealand Navy

Minidoka National Historic Site

Ministries Trial

Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda

Ministry of Culture and Enlightenment (Norway)

Ministry of Production

Ministry of the Navy of Japan

Ministry of War of Japan

Minnie Spotted-Wolf

Minnie Vautrin

Minor Butler Poole

Minor sabotage

Minoru Genda

Minoru Ota

Minoru Sasaki

Minoru Yasui

Minsk Offensive Operation

Minás Dimákis

Mirabeau (Paris Métro)

Miracle at Midnight

Miracle at St. Anna

Mircea Eliade

Mirco Bergamasco

Miriam Davenport

Miriam Winter

Mirko Grmek

Miromesnil (Paris Métro)

Miron Constantinescu

Mirosław Żuławski

Mirosław Ferić

Mirosław Vitali

Miroslav Filipović

Miroslav Radman

Mirwais Ahmadzaï

Mirza Mešić

Miscegenation

Mischling

Misha: A Mémoire of the Holocaust Years

Miss Kittin

Missak Manouchian

Mission Accomplished (film)

Mission Albany

Mission Boston

Mission Chicago

Mission Detroit

Mission Elmira

Mission to Moscow

Mistel

Mister Roberts (1955 film)

Mister Roberts (1984 film)

Mister Roberts (novel)

Mister Roberts (play)

Mister Roberts (TV series)

Mister Sinister

Mit brennender Sorge

Mitchell Jenkins

Mitchell Paige

Mitchell Recreation Area

Mitchell Red Cloud, Jr.

Mitiţă Constantinescu

Mitry – Claye (SNCF)

Mitsubishi A7M

Mitsubishi B5M

Mitsubishi F1M

Mitsubishi G3M

Mitsubishi G4M

Mitsubishi J2M

Mitsubishi J8M

Mitsubishi Ki-202

Mitsubishi Ki-21

Mitsubishi Ki-30

Mitsubishi Ki-46

Mitsubishi Ki-51

Mitsubishi Ki-57

Mitsubishi Ki-83

Mitsumasa Yonai

Mitsumi Shimizu

Mitsuo Fuchida

Mitsuru Ushijima

Mitsuru Yoshida

Mittelbau-Dora

Mittelwerk

Miura Gorō

Mius-Front

Mizuno Shinryu

Mk 2 grenade

Mk III Turtle helmet

Mladen Delić

Mühldorf subcamp

München-Schwabing labor camp

Mo Johnston

Mo Udall

Moana-Nui-a-Kiwa Ngarimu

Mobile Downtown Airport

Mobile Regional Airport

Mochitsura Hashimoto

Model 24 grenade

Model 39 grenade

Model 43 grenade

Modele 1935 pistol

Modernization of the People's Liberation Army

Modeste M'bami

Modesto Cartagena

Modified Hotchkiss machine gun

Modlin Army

Modèle 1939 (mine)

Moe Berg

Moe Hurwitz

Moffett Federal Airfield

Mogador-class destroyer

Mogami-class destroyer

Mogens Fog

Mogilev Offensive Operation

Mohammad-Ali Ramin

Mohammad Amin al-Husayni

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Mohammed Mahdi Akef

Mohammed Taheri

Mohammed V of Morocco

Mohammed Zahir Shah

Mohan Singh Deb

Moirang

Moisis Michail Bourlas

Mojżesz Presburger

Molch

Molière

Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact

Molotov Line

Molten-Salt Reactor Experiment

Momčilo Đujić

Moments of Reprieve

Momi-class destroyer

Momo-class destroyer

Momotaro's Divine Sea Warriors

Momotaro's Sea Eagles

Mona Islands

Mona Lisa

Monceau (Paris Métro)

Mongolia Garrison Army

Mongolian People's Army tanks and armour of WWII

Monica Sone

Monica tail warning radar

Monique Haas

Monnaie de Paris

Monnet Plan

Monowitz concentration camp

Monroe Schwarzlose

Monsieur Klein

Montagne Sainte-Geneviève

Montagsloch

Montagu Dawson

Montagu Stopford

Montagu Toller

Monte Cervino Battalion

Monte la Difensa

Montelupich Prison

Montevideo Maru

Montgallet (Paris Métro)

Montgomery Atwater

Montgomery Burns

Montmartre Cemetery

Montmartre funicular

Montmartre

Montparnasse - Bienvenüe (Paris Métro)

Montparnasse Cemetery

Montparnasse

Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre

Montreal Laboratory

Monument to the Women of World War II

Moonstrike

Moonzund Landing Operation

Moore Air Force Base

Moore Army Air Field

Moorook West (Wood Camp)

Mordechaï Podchlebnik

Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski

Mordechai Frizis

Mordechai Gebirtig

Mordechai Maklef

Mordechai Spiegler

Mordechaj Anielewicz

Morgan D. Peoples

Morgan Line

Morgan Taylor

Morgenrot (film)

Morgenthau Plan

Moritake Tanabe

Morituri

Moritz Rabinowitz

Moriz Seeler

Morley Nelson

Morotai Mutiny

Morrice James, Baron St Brides

Morris C8

Morris Cohen (Soviet spy)

Morris CS9

Morris DePass

Morris E. Crain

Morris Fisher

Morris Light Reconnaissance Car

Morris R. Jeppson

Morse Dry Dock & Repair Company

Morskogen

Mort Walker

Mortimer Wheeler

Mortyr

Morys Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare

Moscow Armistice

Moscow Conference (1941)

Moscow Conference (1942)

Moscow Conference (1943)

Moscow Conference (1944)

Moscow Conference (1945)

Moscow Declaration

Moscow Peace Treaty

Moscow Strikes Back

Moscow Sun Yat-sen University

Moscow Victory Parade of 1945

Moseley Wanderers

Moses Beckelman

Moses Josef Rubin

Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dovid Winternitz

Moshe Lewin

Moshe Rynecki

Moshe Sanbar

Mosin–Nagant

Mosley Mayne

Moss Christie

Most Secret

Mother Maria

Mothers' Movement

Motives of the Second Sino-Japanese War

Moton Field Municipal Airport

Motoo Furushō

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-121

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-337

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-34

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-41

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-59

Motor Torpedo Boat PT-658

Motor Torpedo Boat PT 105

Motor Torpedo Boat PT 346

Motor Transport Corps

Moša Pijade

Moulin de la Galette

Moulin Rouge

Mount Samat

Mousetrap (weapon)

Mouton-Duvernet (Paris Métro)

Mouvement d'Action Civique

Mouvement Franciste

MP 59

MP 73

MP 89

MP18

MP3008

MP34

MP35

MP40

Mr. and Mrs. America

Mr. Anderson (Beavis and Butt-head)

Mr. Winkle Goes to War

Mrs. Miniver (film)

MS Asama Maru

MS Jutlandia

MS Oslofjord (1938)

MS Rangitane (1929)

MS Rigel

Mária Földes

Mário Silva (football player)

Mário Silva (footballer)

Márton Homonnai

MT-55

MTB 102

Muhammed Akbar Khan

Muhammetnazar Gapurow

Mukaishima, Hiroshima

Mukden Incident

Mulberry harbour

Munich Agreement

Munson Report

Munyo Gruber

Murakami Kakuichi

Muriel Byck

Murphy's War

Mury

Musa Cälil

Muselmann

Museum of Eroticism

Museum of Jewish Heritage

Museum of Lancashire

Museum of Music

Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Moscow

Museum of Tolerance

Music on the Bamboo Radio

Musidora

Mustafa el-Nahhas

Mustang X

Mustapha Dahleb

Mustapha Zitouni

Musée Adzak

Musée Cernuschi

Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

Musée d'Orsay (Paris RER)

Musée d'Orsay

Musée d’histoire de la médecine

Musée de Cluny

Musée de l'Armée

Musée de l'Homme

Musée de l'Orangerie

Musée de la Contrefaçon

Musée de La Poste

Musée des Arts décoratifs, Strasbourg

Musée des Arts et Métiers

Musée du Luxembourg

Musée du Montparnasse

Musée du quai Branly

Musée du Vin

Musée Dupuytren

Musée Grévin

Musée Jacquemart-André

Musée Marmottan-Monet

Musée national de la Marine

Musée Nissim de Camondo

Musée Picasso

Musée Rodin

Muséum national d'histoire naturelle

Mutt and Jeff (spies)

MV Atheltemplar

MV Brisbane Star

MV Dunedin Star

MV Empire Galahad

MV Empire MacAlpine

MV Empire MacAndrew

MV Empire MacCabe

MV Empire MacCallum

MV Empire MacColl

MV Harpa

MV Joyita

MV Krait

MV Languedoc

MV Mamutu

MV San Demetrio

MVSN Colonial Militia

MVSN original organization

My Early Life

My Gal Sal (aircraft)

My Japan

My Opposition: the Diaries of Friedrich Kellner

My Opposition

Myōkō-class cruiser

Myer Prinstein

Mykola Lemyk

Médaille de la Résistance

Mélissa Theuriau

Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes

Ménilmontant (Paris Métro)

Ménilmontant

Männer gegen Panzer

Memphis Belle

Memphis Belle may refer to:

Memphis Belle (aircraft), a USAAF Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress whose aircrew was the first in the U.S. Eighth Air Force to complete 25 missions in Europe and return to the United States.

It also refers to two films based on the aircraft and its story:

The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress, a 1944 documentary film about the real aircraft and crew on its final mission

Memphis Belle (film), a 1990 fictional film inspired by the 1944 documentary

Memphis Belle (aircraft)

Memphis Belle is a Boeing B-17F Flying Fortress used during the Second World War that inspired the making of two motion pictures: a 1944 documentary film, Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress, and a 1990 Hollywood feature film, Memphis Belle. The aircraft was one of the first United States Army Air Forces B-17 heavy bombers to complete 25 combat missions. The aircraft and crew then returned to the United States to sell war bonds. In 2005, restoration began on the aircraft at the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio where, from May 2018, it is on display.

Films directed by Michael Caton-Jones

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