Melissa Mark-Viverito

Melissa Mark-Viverito (born April 1, 1969) is an American Democratic politician and former speaker of the New York City Council from 2014 to 2017, as well as councilmember for the 8th district from 2006 to 2017, representing Concourse, Concourse Village, East Harlem, Highbridge, Longwood, Mott Haven, Port Morris, and Randall's Island.

Described by The New York Times as "fiercely liberal", she was elected Speaker on January 8, 2014, succeeding Christine Quinn.[1][2]

Melissa Mark-Viverito
Council Member Melissa Mark-Viverito (6217502867) (cropped)
Speaker of the New York City Council
In office
January 8, 2014 – December 31, 2017
Preceded byChristine Quinn
Succeeded byCorey Johnson
Member of the New York City Council from the 8th district
In office
January 1, 2006 – December 31, 2017
Preceded byPhil Reed
Succeeded byDiana Ayala
Personal details
BornApril 1, 1969 (age 49)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materColumbia University (B.A.)
Baruch College (M.P.A.)

Early life and education

Mark-Viverito was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, to Anthony Mark, a physician and founder of San Pablo Hospital, and Elizabeth Viverito. She grew up in Bayamón, where her mother still resides.[3]

At the age of eighteen, she moved to New York to attend Columbia University, from which she graduated in 1991 with a bachelor of arts degree. She received her Masters of Public Administration from Baruch College in 1995.


Mark-Viverito served as a member of Community Board 11, coordinator of the movement Todo Nueva York con Vieques, president of Mujeres del Barri],[4] and strategic organizer for Local 1199 of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), an influential health care workers union.[5]

New York City Council

After running unsuccessfully against Phil Reed for City Council in District 8 in 2003, Mark-Viverito was elected to the position when Reed reached his term limit in 2005. During her first four years in office, Mark-Viverito sponsored and passed several pieces of legislation regarding tenant harassment, building safety, greening buildings, and park conservancies.[6] In January 2009, she criticized the voting record of newly appointed New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand on immigration.[7]

During Mark-Viverito's second term in the Council, she served as chair of the Parks and Recreation Committee[8] and as founding co-chair of the Progressive Caucus.[9]

In November 2013, she won re-election to her third term in the Council, and her close ally Bill de Blasio was elected mayor. Soon the New York Daily News cited Mark-Viverito as "the front-runner" for "New York City's second-most powerful political post — Speaker of the City Council."[10] A grassroots effort to boost her Speaker candidacy included social media, fliers, phone banking, and volunteer recruitment.[11]

Mark-Viverito was elected City Council Speaker on January 8, 2014, at age 44, becoming the first member of the Council's Black, Latino and Asian Caucus to hold this position.[12] Her first "State of the City" speech emphasized reform of the criminal justice system.[13]

In January 2016, Mark-Viverito introduced a collection of eight bills known as the "Criminal Justice Reform Act"[14] to reduce the penalty for acts such as violating park rules, littering and public urination from misdemeanors to the civil process. Mark-Viverito sponsored the bills so that young people in communities of color could "fulfill their potential"[15] by incentivizing officers to give verbal warnings and fines but not remove the option of making arrests.[16]

In 2016, Mark-Viverito was alleged to have pressured the New York City Housing Authority to fire a black manager of a NYCHA housing project and replace her with a "Spanish Manager".[17]. As of 2018, the lawsuit is still pending and the City of New York's motion to dismiss the lawsuit was denied.[18]

In 2017, Mark-Viverito declined to boycott the Puerto Rican Day Parade, after organizers decided to honor Oscar López Rivera, a prominently incarcerated member of Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional Puertorriqueña (FALN).[19][20]

Public Advocate

In 2018, Mark-Viverito announced her intention to run for the open seat of New York City Public Advocate.[21]

Personal life

Mark-Viverito campaigned in solidarity with the Occupy Wall Street movement and identified herself as part of the "99%" of income earners despite having a net worth in the millions.[22] She and her family inherited an estimated $6.7 million from her father, a doctor. Prior to her inheritance, she applied for a taxpayer-subsidized loan in 1998 when her property at the time was worth $310,000. As of 2014, the multi-story condominium property was worth around $1,300,000. Mark-Viverito rents out her properties, but did not report her rental income. Her spokesman claimed it to be an honest oversight on her part.[23]

In August 2014, Mark-Viverito publicly disclosed that she was infected with the most common STD, the human papillomavirus.[24]

She is not married.

Election history

New York City Council: District 8
Election Candidate Party Votes Pct Candidate Party Votes Pct Candidate Party Votes Pct Candidate Party Votes Pct
2005 Primary Melissa Mark-Viverito Dem 3,626 25.40% Felipe Luciano Dem 3,610 25.30% Joyce Johnson Dem 2,744 19.23% Others (3) Dem 4,255 30.06%
2005 General Melissa Mark-Viverito Dem 16,743 99.98%
2009 Primary Melissa Mark-Viverito Dem 4,993 46.73% Robert J. Rodriguez Dem 2,827 26.46% Gwen Goodwin Dem 1,255 11.75% Others (2) Dem 1,554 15.17%
2009 General Melissa Mark-Viverito Dem 17,091 99.99%
2013 Primary Melissa Mark-Viverito Dem 3,768 35.67% Ralina Cardona Dem 1,899 17.98% Edward N. Santos Dem 1,710 16.70% Others (3) Dem 3,186 30.80%
2013 General Melissa Mark-Viverito Dem 14,296 93.78% Ralina Cardona Rep 793 5.20% Christopher Giattino Dem 131 .86%


  1. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M.; Taylor, Kate (January 9, 2014). "Mayoral Ally Elected Speaker, Furthering City's Liberal Shift". New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  2. ^ Taylor, Kate (December 20, 2013). "A City Councilwoman Not Afraid to Take On Inequality". New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  3. ^ Lombardi, Frank (March 3, 2011). "Councilwoman Melissa Mark-Viverito of East Harlem is 1 of just 2 female politicians in upper Manhattan". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  4. ^ "NYC Voter Guide: Melissa Mark-Viverito". NYC Campaign Finance Board. 2005. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  5. ^ "NYC Voter Guide: Melissa Mark-Viverito". NYC Campaign Finance Board. 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  6. ^ "Melissa Mark-Viverito: Legislation". Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  7. ^ Powell, Michael (February 2, 2009). "Gillibrand Hints at a Change of Mind on Immigration". New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  8. ^ "The Council — Stated Meeting of Thursday, January 21, 2010" (PDF). Supplement to The City Record. January 21, 2010. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  9. ^ Chen, David W. (March 24, 2010). "Dozen Council Members Form a Bloc for Liberals". New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  10. ^ Gonzalez, Juan (November 8, 2013). "Melissa Mark-Viverito leads tough fight for NYC Council speaker". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  11. ^ Colvin, Jill (November 8, 2013). "Meet Melissa Mark-Viverito's Biggest Fan". New York Observer. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  12. ^ Falcón, Angelo (January 22, 2014). "Latinos and the NYC Council: The Impact of Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito" (PDF). National Institute for Latino Policy. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  13. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (February 12, 2015). "Council Speaker Seeks Criminal Justice Reforms in State of the City Address". New York Times. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  14. ^ "The New York City Council - Meeting of Committee on Public Safety on 1/25/2016 at 10:00 AM". 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  15. ^ New York City Is Set to Adopt New Approach on Policing Minor Offenses, New York Times, January 20, 2016
  16. ^ "Poll: Residents feel safe in their neighborhoods, but not on the subway". 2016-02-26. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  17. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: City Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito urged NYCHA to replace black woman at helm of Bronx housing project with a 'Spanish manager'". Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  18. ^ Smith, Greg B. "Ex-NYC Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito tried to oust black NYCHA boss for 'Spanish manager': lawsuits - NY Daily News". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  19. ^ Barron, Seth. "Melissa Mark-Viverito's parade hypocrisy | New York Post". Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  20. ^ "Mark-Viverito defends Puerto Rican Day Parade, blaming 'ultra-right-wing' groups for controversy". Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  21. ^ Mays, Jeffery C. (27 November 2018). "Mark-Viverito, Ex-Council Speaker, to Run for Public Advocate". Retrieved 10 December 2018 – via
  22. ^ "Mark-Viverito, candidate for Council speaker, has $1.5M in properties". Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  23. ^ Andrea Peyser (9 January 2014). "Melissa Mark-Viverito: A millionaire hypocrite who will ruin NYC". Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  24. ^ Gonen, Yoav (August 18, 2014). "Melissa Mark-Viverito reveals she has 'high-risk' HPV". New York Post. Retrieved August 19, 2014.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Philip Reed
New York City Council, 8th District
Succeeded by
Diana Ayala
Preceded by
Christine Quinn
Speaker of the New York City Council
Succeeded by
Corey Johnson
2013 New York City Council elections

Elections for members of the New York City Council are being held in 2013. Primary elections were held on September 10, 2013, for all 51 districts of the city council. Many incumbents are termed out of office, while others were defeated in the primary, resulting in the largest turnover of council members since 2001, when 36 new members were nominated and elected to office in the council. Those who won their primaries without another contending party in the same district are considered the effective winner of the seat outright.

2017 New York City Council elections

Elections for members of the New York City Council were held on November 7, 2017. Primary elections were held on September 12 for all 51 districts of the city council.

Bronx Community Board 2

Bronx Community Board 2 is a local government unit of the city of New York, encompassing the neighborhoods of Hunts Point and Longwood in the borough of the Bronx. It is delimited by the Bronx River on the east, Westchester Avenue, East 167th Street, and East 169th Street on the north, Prospect Avenue and East 149th Street to the west, and the East River on the south.

Corey Johnson (politician)

Corey Johnson (born April 28, 1982) is the Speaker of the New York City Council, acting New York City Public Advocate, and a City Council member for the 3rd District. He is a Democrat. The district includes Hell’s Kitchen, Chelsea, the West Village, and parts of Flatiron, SoHo and the Upper West Side in Manhattan.

Prior to his election as Speaker, Johnson was frequently named as a potential candidate, and was perceived as a leading contender. In mid-December 2017, with the public support of Mayor de Blasio, the concession of other front runners, and backing of the Bronx and Queens Democratic Parties, Johnson corralled the requisite number of votes to become the presumptive favorite for the position, with the full Council voting on January 3, 2018.

Curtis Sliwa

Curtis Sliwa (born March 26, 1954) is an American anti-crime activist, founder and CEO of the Guardian Angels, radio talk show host and media personality.

Diana Ayala

Diana Ayala is the Councilwoman for the 8th district of the New York City Council. Ayala won the seat being vacated by outgoing Councilwoman and speaker, Melissa Mark-Viverito in 2017. The district includes Concourse, Concourse Village, East Harlem, Highbridge, Longwood, Mott Haven, Port Morris, and Randall's Island. She is a member of the Democratic Party (United States).

Eric Ulrich

Eric Ulrich (born February 13, 1985) is a Member of the New York City Council representing the 32nd District. His constituency includes the neighborhoods of Belle Harbor, Breezy Point, Broad Channel, Hamilton Beach, Howard Beach, Lindenwood, Neponsit, Ozone Park, Rockaway Beach, Rockaway Park, South Ozone Park and Woodhaven in Queens. He is a Republican.

Ulrich is a moderate Republican, breaking from conservatives on minimum wage legislation, his vocal opposition to President Donald Trump, and his support for rent stabilization. As City Councilman, he led oversight committees on Hurricane Sandy relief efforts, and publicly expressed disapproval with their speed and efficiency. Ulrich's constituents reside in parts of the Rockaway Peninsula and Howard Beach which were disproportionately affected by the storm. In public statements Ulrich called the relief efforts a "bureaucratic nightmare", said the city's chosen contractors were incapable of handling the residents' needs, and recommended the head of the city's Build-it-Back program be fired by the Mayor.

Jumaane Williams

Jumaane Williams ( joo-MAH-nay; born May 11, 1976) is an American politician serving as the member of the New York City Council from the 45th district since 2010. The district includes East Flatbush, Flatbush, Flatlands, Marine Park, and Midwood in Brooklyn.

A member of the Democratic Party, he currently serves as Deputy Leader of the New York City Council and Chair of the Task Force on City Workforce Equity. He was a candidate for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 2018. Williams is running for New York City Public Advocate in the 2019 special election to succeed Letitia James, who resigned to become Attorney General of New York.

Laurie Cumbo

Laurie Cumbo (born February 4, 1975) is the Democratic council member for the 35th District of the New York City Council.

The district includes Fort Greene, Clinton Hill, and Prospect Heights, portions of Bedford-Stuyvesant, Crown Heights, Downtown Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and Vinegar Hill in Brooklyn.


MMV may refer to:

2005, in Roman numerals

Mark (surname)

Mark as a surname may refer to:

Donald Mark (1926-2018), American judge

Heinrich Mark (1911–2004), Estonian politician

Melissa Mark-Viverito, American politician

Michael Mark (disambiguation), multiple people

Oliver Mark, German photographer

Robert Mark, Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police

Ülar Mark (born 1968), Estonian architect

Movement for Justice in el Barrio

Movement for Justice in El Barrio is a community organization based in East Harlem, New York City that is a reaction to, and organizes against, gentrification in the neighborhood.

New York City Council Progressive Caucus

The Progressive Caucus of the New York City Council is a bloc of progressive New York City Council Members that was formed in 2009. In 2010, the Caucus consisted of 12 members, nearly 25% of the 51-member New York City Council. As of 2016, the caucus has grown to 16 members.

New York City Council Women's Caucus

The Women's Caucus is a caucus of female-identified members of the New York City Council. According to the Caucus, it seeks "to advance women's rights and promotes the goal of equality in New York CIty through influences in public policy through education, legislation, and advocacy." The Caucus submits an annual list of funding priority recommendations to the New York City Council Speaker's office so that the budget will address the needs of organizations serving the Caucus' constituencies.

Ohel (social services)

Ohel Children's Home and Family Services (Hebrew: [ˈohel]; lit. "tent") is a large not-for-profit Jewish social service agency, primarily located in New York City, that provides counseling, crisis intervention, and other services to children and families who are going through or suffering from abuse, domestic violence, marital problems, mental health issues, or neglect. NYC's Child Welfare Administration works with Ohel when serious situations arise.As of 2008, Ohel has over 1200 employees, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, case managers, and mental health workers. The agency consists of divisions used to support individuals with mental illness, developmental disabilities, and other psychiatric and psychological difficulties. Trained and certified Ohel foster parents provide safe, loving homes to Jewish children.

The organization is larger than others with similar missions in the NYC area, such as Mekimi and Harmony Services.

Political party strength in New York City

The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. City of New York, New York since the modern five-borough city was created in 1898:


President of the New York City Council/New York City Public Advocate (after 1993)

ComptrollerThe table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

5 Borough Presidencies

New York City CouncilThe parties are as follows: American (A) (More commonly known as the Know Nothing Party), Anti-Administration (AA), American Labor (AL) Conservative (C), Constitutional Union (CU), Democratic (D), Democratic-Republican (DR), Federalist (F), Independence (I), Jacksonian Democratic (JD), no party (N), National Republican (NR), National Union (NU), People's Party (P), Pro-Administration (PA), Republican (R), Whig (W), Working Families (WF), and a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Rosie Méndez

Rosie Mendez (born February 28, 1963) is an American politician who served in the New York City Council from the 2nd district from 2006 to 2017. She is a Democrat.

The district includes all or parts of Chelsea, the East Village, the Flatiron District, Gramercy, Greenwich Village, the Lower East Side, Midtown, Murray Hill, NoHo, and Stuyvesant Town in Manhattan.

Vanessa Gibson

Vanessa L. Gibson (born March 19, 1979) is an American politician and currently the council member for the 16th District of the New York City Council. She is a Democrat. The district includes Claremont Village, Concourse, Concourse Village, Crotona Park, Highbridge, Longwood, Melrose, Morris Heights, Morrisania, Mount Eden and University Heights in The Bronx.

Gibson currently serves as the City Council Member for District 16 and serves as chair of the Public Safety Committee.


Viverito is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Louis Viverito, American politician

Melissa Mark-Viverito, American politician

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.