Meir Kahane

Meir David HaKohen Kahane (/kəˈhɑːnə/; Hebrew: מאיר דוד כהנא; August 1, 1932 – November 5, 1990) was an American-Israeli ordained Orthodox rabbi, writer, and ultra-nationalist politician who served one term in Israel's Knesset.[1] His work influenced most modern Jewish militant and far-right political groups.[2]

Kahane spent years reaching out to Jews through published works, weekly articles, speeches, debates on college campuses and in synagogues throughout the United States, and appearances on various televised programs and radio shows. He was an intense advocate for Jewish causes, such as organizing defense squads and patrols in Jewish neighborhoods and demanding for the Soviet Union to "release its oppressed Jews".[3] He supported violence against those he regarded as enemies of the Jewish people, called for immediate Jewish mass migration to Israel to avoid a potential "Holocaust" in the United States, supported the restriction of Israel's democracy to its Jewish citizens, hoped that Israel would eventually adopt Jewish religious law,[4] and endorsed the annexation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.[5]

Kahane proposed enforcing Jewish law, as codified by Maimonides.[6] Non-Jews wishing to dwell in Israel would have three options: remain as "resident strangers" with limited rights,[7] leave Israel and receive compensation for their property, or be forcibly removed without compensation.[8] While he was serving in the Knesset in the mid-1980s Kahane proposed numerous laws, none of which passed, to emphasize Judaism in public schools, do away with Israel's bureaucracy, forbid sexual relations between non-Jews and Jews, and end cultural meetings between Jewish and Arab students.[9]

In 1968, Kahane was one of the co-founders of the Jewish Defense League (JDL) in the United States. In 1971, he co-founded Kach ("Thus"), a new political party in Israel. The same year, he was convicted in New York for conspiracy to manufacture explosives and received a suspended sentence of five years.[10] In 1984, he became a member of the Knesset, when Kach gained its only-ever seat in parliamentary elections. In 1988, after polls showed Kach gaining popularity, the Israeli government banned Kach for being "racist" and "anti-democratic" under the terms of a law that it had just passed.[9]

Kahane was assassinated in a Manhattan hotel by an Arab gunman in November 1990.

Meir Kahane
Meir Kahane
Date of birthAugust 1, 1932
Place of birthBrooklyn, New York, United States
Year of aliyah1971
Date of deathNovember 5, 1990 (aged 58)
Place of deathManhattan, United States
Knessets11
Faction represented in Knesset
1984–1988Kach

Early life

Martin David Kahane[11] was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1932 to an Orthodox Jewish family. His father, Yechezkel (Charles) Kahane, the author of the "Torah Yesharah", studied at Polish and Czech yeshivas, was involved in the Revisionist Zionist movement, and was a close friend of Ze'ev Jabotinsky.[12]

As a teenager, Kahane became an ardent admirer of Jabotinsky and Peter Bergson, who were frequent guests in his parents' home. He joined the Betar (Brit Trumpeldor) youth wing of Revisionist Zionism. He was active in protests against Ernest Bevin, the British Foreign Secretary who maintained restrictions on the immigration of Jews, even Nazi death camp survivors, to Palestine after the end of the Second World War. In 1947, Kahane was arrested for throwing eggs and tomatoes at Bevin, who was disembarking at Pier 84 on a visit to New York. A photo of the arrest appeared in the New York Daily News.[13] In 1954, he became the mazkir (director) of Greater New York City's 16 Bnei Akiva chapters.

Kahane's formal education included elementary school at the Yeshiva of Flatbush, and he attended high school at both Abraham Lincoln High School and the Brooklyn Talmudical Academy. Kahane received his rabbinical ordination from the Mir Yeshiva, in Brooklyn, where he was especially admired by the head Rabbi Abraham Kalmanowitz,[14] and he began going by his Hebrew name, Meir.[11] He was fully conversant in the Tanakh (Jewish Bible), the Talmud, the Midrash and Jewish law. Subsequently, Kahane earned a B.A. in Political Science from Brooklyn College, a Bachelor of Law - LL.B. from New York Law School, and an M.A. in International Relations from New York University.[15]

Early career

Pulpit rabbi

In 1956, Kahane married Libby Blum, with whom he had four children:[16] Tzipporah, Tova, Baruch, and Binyamin.[17][18] In 1958, he became the rabbi of the Howard Beach Jewish Center in Queens, New York City. Although the synagogue was originally Conservative, rather than strictly Orthodox, the board of directors agreed to Kahane's conditions, which included resigning from the Conservative movement's United Synagogue of America, installing a partition separating men and women during prayer, instituting traditional prayers, and maintaining a kosher kitchen.[19] At the Jewish Center, Kahane influenced many of the synagogue's youngsters to adopt a more observant lifestyle, which often troubled parents.[20][21] He trained Arlo Guthrie for his bar mitzvah.[22] When his contract was not renewed, he soon published an article entitled "End of the Miracle of Howard Beach". That was Kahane's first article in The Jewish Press, an American Orthodox Jewish weekly for which he would continue to write for the rest of his life.[23] Kahane also used the pen name David Sinai, and the pseudonyms Michael King, David Borac, and Martin Keene.[24]

Infiltrating the John Birch Society

In the late 1950s and the early 1960s, Kahane's life of secrecy and his strong anticommunism landed him a position as a consultant with the FBI. According to his wife, Libby, his assignment was to infiltrate the anticommunist John Birch Society and report his findings to the FBI.[16] Later, Michael T. Kaufman published an article claiming that Kahane then confided in him that he had been in a relationship with Gloria Jean D'Argenio. According to these allegations, Kahane allegedly sent a letter to D'Argenio in which he unilaterally ended their relationship. In response, D'Argenio jumped off the Queensboro Bridge and died of her injuries the next day.[25]

Collaboration with Joseph Churba

At some time in the late 1950s, Kahane assumed the persona of a Gentile individual, along with the pseudonym Michael King.[26] Kahane began openly expressing his anticommunism. He and Joseph Churba created the July Fourth Movement, which was formed to counteract widespread opposition towards U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.[27] Subsequently, they coauthored the book The Jewish Stake in Vietnam, an attempt to convince American Jews of the "evil of Communism".[28] The introduction states that, "All Americans have a stake in this grim war against Communism... It is vital that Jews realize the threat to their very survival [should Communism succeed]." Churba had a major falling out with Kahane over the use of paramilitary activities, and they parted ways permanently. Churba went on to pursue his own career, joining the U.S. Air Force, writing many books on the Middle East, and eventually becoming one of Ronald Reagan's consultants. Kahane chose to fight for Jewish rights, and was willing to use extreme measures. He even attempted to acquire and grow biological weapons to use on a Soviet military installation.[29] He began using the phrase "Never Again"[30] and conceived the Jewish Star and fist insignia, a symbol resembling that of the Black Panther Party. However, Kahane himself opposed the Black Panthers because they had supported anti-Jewish riots in Massachusetts and had left-wing views.

Jewish Defense League

The Jewish Defense League (JDL) was founded by Kahane in New York City in 1968. Its self-described purpose was to protect Jews from local manifestations of anti-Semitism.[31] The JDL said it was committed to five fundamental principles:

  • Love of Jewry: One Jewish people, indivisible and united, from which flows the love for, and the feeling of pain of, all Jews.
  • Dignity and Pride: Pride in and knowledge of Jewish tradition, faith, culture, land, history, strength, pain, and peoplehood.
  • Iron: The need to both move to help Jews everywhere and to change the Jewish image through sacrifice and all necessary means—even strength, force, and violence.
  • Discipline and Unity: The knowledge that he (or she) can and will do whatever must be done, and the unity and strength of willpower to bring this into reality.
  • Faith in the Indestructibility of the Jewish People: Faith in the greatness and indestructibility of the Jewish people, our religion, and our Land of Israel.

The JDL favored civil rights for blacks, but opposed black anti-Semites[32] and racism of any form.[33] In 1971, the JDL formed an alliance with a black rights group in what Kahane termed "a turning point in Black-Jewish relations".[34] Despite the JDL's anti-racist positions and its inclusion of individuals of all colors and faiths,[35] the Anti-Defamation League claimed that Kahane "preached a radical form of Jewish nationalism which reflected racism, violence and political extremism"[31] that was replicated by Irv Rubin, the JDL's successor to Kahane.[36]

Terrorism and convictions

A number of the JDL's members and leaders, including Kahane, were convicted of acts related to domestic terrorism.[37] In 1971, Kahane was sentenced to a suspended five-year prison sentence for conspiring to manufacture explosives.[10] In 1975, Kahane was arrested for leading the attack on the Soviet United Nations mission and injuring two officers, but he was released after being given summonses for disorderly conduct. Later the same year, Kahane was accused of conspiring to kidnap a Soviet diplomat, bomb the Iraqi embassy in Washington, and ship arms abroad from Israel. He was convicted of violating his probation for the 1971 bombing conviction and was sentenced to one year in prison.[38] However, he served most of it in a hotel, with frequent unsupervised absences, because of a concession over the provision of kosher food.[39]

In a 1984 interview with Washington Post correspondent Carla Hall, Kahane admitted that the JDL "bombed the Russian [Soviet] mission in New York, the Russian cultural mission here [Washington] in 1971, the Soviet trade offices".[40][41]

Immigration to Israel

In 1971, Kahane moved to Israel. At the time, he declared that he would focus on Jewish education.[42] He later began gathering lists of Arab citizens of the State of Israel who were willing to emigrate for compensation, and eventually, he initiated protests that advocated the expulsion of Arabs from that country, and Israeli-occupied territories. In 1972, Jewish Defense League leaflets were distributed in Hebron, calling for the mayor to stand trial for the 1929 Hebron massacre.[43] Kahane was arrested dozens of times.[44] In 1971, he founded Kach, a political party that ran for the Knesset, the Israeli Parliament, during the 1973 general elections under the name "The League List". It won 12,811 votes (0.82%), just 2,857 (0.18%) short of the electoral threshold at the time (1%) for winning a Knesset seat. The party was even less successful in the 1977 elections, winning only 4,836 votes.

In 1980, Kahane was arrested for the 62nd time since his emigration, and he was jailed for six months after a detention order that was based on allegations of him planning armed attacks against Palestinians in response to the killings of Jewish settlers.[45] Kahane was held in prison in Ramla, where he wrote the book They Must Go. Kahane was banned from entering the United Kingdom in 1981.[46]

In 1981, Kahane's party again ran for the Knesset during the 1981 elections, but it did not win a seat and received only 5,128 votes. In 1984, the Israeli Central Elections Committee banned him from being a candidate on the grounds that Kach was a racist party, but the Supreme Court of Israel overturned the ban on the grounds that the committee was not authorized to ban Kahane's candidacy.[47] The Supreme Court suggested for the Knesset to pass a law that would authorize the exclusion of racist parties from future elections, and the Anti-Racist Law of 1988 was passed.

Election to Knesset

In the 1984 legislative elections, Kahane's Kach party received 25,907 votes, enough to give the party one seat in the Knesset, which was taken by Kahane. He refused to take the standard oath of office and insisted on adding a Biblical verse from Psalms to indicate that national laws were overruled by the Torah if they conflict. Kahane's legislative proposals focused on Jewish education, an open economy, transferring the Arab population out of the Land of Israel, revoking Israeli citizenship from non-Jews, and banning Jewish-Gentile marriages and sexual relations. It was based on the Code of Jewish Law compiled by Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah.

As his political career progressed and his popularity in the streets began growing, Kahane became increasingly isolated in the Knesset. His speeches, boycotted by nearly all Knesset members, were often made to an assembly that was empty except for the duty chairman and the transcriptionist. Kahane's legislative proposals and motions of no-confidence against the government were ignored or rejected by fellow Knesset members. Kahane often pejoratively called other Knesset members "Hellenists, a reference to Jews who assimilated into Greek culture after Judea's occupation by Alexander the Great. In 1987, Kahane opened a yeshiva ("HaRaayon HaYehudi") with funding from US supporters to teach "the Authentic Jewish Idea". Despite the boycott, his popularity grew among the Israeli public, especially for working-class Sephardi Jews.[48] Polls showed that Kach would have likely received anywhere from four to twelve seats in the coming November 1988 elections.[49][50]

In 1985, the Knesset passed an amendment to the Basic Law of Israel, barring "racist" candidates from election. The Central Elections Committee banned Kahane a second time, and he appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court. However, the Supreme Court this time ruled in favor of the committee, disqualifying Kach from running in the 1988 legislative elections. Kahane was thus the first candidate in Israel to be barred from election for racism. The move was criticized as being anti-democratic by Alan M. Dershowitz.[51]

Assassination

In November 1990, Kahane gave a speech to an audience of mostly Orthodox Jews from Brooklyn,[52] where he warned American Jews to immigrate to Israel before it was "too late".[52][53] As a crowd gathered around Kahane in the second-floor lecture hall in Midtown Manhattan's New York Marriott East Side, Kahane was assassinated[54][55][56] by El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian-born U.S. citizen who had trained in Pakistan. He was initially charged and acquitted of the murder.[57] Nosair was later convicted of the murder in U.S. District Court for his involvement in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Prosecutors were able to try Nosair again for the murder because the federal indictment included the killing as part of the alleged terrorist conspiracy.[58] He was sentenced to life imprisonment and later made a confession to federal agents.[59]

Some researchers, such as Peter Lance, consider Kahane one of the first, if not the very first, American victims of the new group Al Qaeda, since his killer is believed to have links to Osama bin Laden's network.[60] The cell that Kahane's assassin belonged to had been training in the New York Metro system since mid-1989.[61]

Kahane was buried on Har HaMenuchot, in Jerusalem. His funeral was one of the largest in Israel's history, and approximately 150,000 participated. He was eulogized by a number of prominent supporters in both the U.S. and in Israel, including Rabbi Moshe Tendler and the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel, Mordechai Eliyahu, who spoke of how little the people understood of Kahane's "true value".[62]

Ideology

Kahane argued that there was a glory in Jewish destiny, which came through the observance of the Torah. He also noted, "Democracy and Judaism are not the same thing."[63] Kahane also stressed the view that a Jewish state and a Western democracy were incompatible, since Western democracy is religion-blind, and a Jewish state is religion-oriented by its very name. He also warned of the danger of non-Jewish citizens becoming a majority and voting against the Jewish character of the state: "The question is as follows: if the Arabs settle among us and make enough children to become a majority, will Israel continue to be a Jewish state? Do we have to accept that the Arab majority will decide?"[64] "Western democracy has to be ruled out. For me, that's cut and dried: There's no question of setting up democracy in Israel, because democracy means equal rights for all, irrespective of racial or religious origins."

Kahane proposed an "exchange of populations" that would continue the Jewish exodus from Arab lands: "A total of some 750,000 Jews fled Arab lands since 1948. Surely it is time for Jews, worried over the huge growth of Arabs in Israel, to consider finishing the exchange of populations that began 35 years ago." Kahane proposed a $40,000 compensation plan for Arabs who would leave voluntarily, and forcible expulsion for those who "don't want to leave".[64] He encouraged retaliatory violence against Arabs who attacked Jews: "I approve of anybody who commits such acts of violence. Really, I don't think that we can sit back and watch Arabs throwing rocks at buses whenever they feel like it. They must understand that a bomb thrown at a Jewish bus is going to mean a bomb thrown at an Arab bus."[64]

In some of his writings, Kahane argued that Israel should never start a war for territory but that if a war were launched against Israel, Biblical territory should be annexed.[65] However, in an interview, he defined Israel's "minimal borders" as follows: "The southern boundary goes up to El Arish, which takes in all of northern Sinai, including Yamit. To the east, the frontier runs along the western part of the East Bank of the Jordan River, hence part of what is now Jordan. Eretz Yisrael also includes part of Lebanon and certain parts of Syria, and part of Iraq, all the way to the Euphrates River."[64] When critics suggested that following Kahane's plans would mean a perpetual war between Jews and Arabs, Kahane responded, "There will be a perpetual war. With or without Kahane."

Support

  • Irving M. Bunim, who was the major lay leader of Orthodox Jewry and the trusted assistant of Rabbi Aharon Kotler, was a strong supporter and admirer of Kahane.[66]
  • Shlomo Carlebach was known for declaring that the Jewish people owed a great debt to Kahane. Together, Carlebach and Kahane organized one of the first Noahide conferences in the 1980s.[67]
  • Bob Dylan made positive comments about Kahane. In a 1971 interview for Time magazine, Dylan said, "He's a really sincere guy. He's really put it all together."[68] According to Kahane, Dylan attended several meetings of the Jewish Defense League in order to find out "what we're all about",[69] and he started to have talks with the rabbi.[70] Subsequently, Dylan downplayed the extent of his contact with Kahane.[71]
  • The former Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel (1983–1993), Mordechai Eliyahu, was Kahane's personal mentor, and one of Kahane's staunchest supporters. Eliyahu wrote an approbation to Kahane's Tanakh commentary, "Perush Hamacabee", where he refers to Kahane as "HaRav HaGaon" ("the rabbinic genius"), a praiseworthy title attributed to the very saintly. Eliyahu wrote, "Only the Torah way interested Kahane, which he constantly toiled over and which served as his strength... When one considers the depth and clarity of [Kahane's] works, one is astonished at how he had the time to compile such. The answer is that... all his time and thoughts were invested in Torah while other matters were secondary. Fortunate is the family that publishes his works for others to learn from." At Kahane's funeral, Eliyahu stated that Kahane was a reincarnation of a fearless biblical character.[72]
  • Kahane was endorsed in his bid for a Knesset seat by Zvi Yehuda Kook, the son of the first Chief Rabbi of Israel and the spiritual leader of the Gush Emunim movement. Kook had been a staunch supporter of the National Religious Party, but he broke with them in 1974 when they entered the Rabin government despite his opposition. In his letter of support for Kahane, Kook stated: "The presence of Rabbi Meir Kahane and his uncompromising words from the Knesset platform will undoubtedly add strength and value to the obligatory struggle on behalf of the entire Land of Israel." The announcement of Kook's support of Kahane and his letter were made available to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
  • Yosef Mendelevitch stated, "Kahane was a representative for us. His activities made us feel good. His actions showed that Jews cared. His actions may have been controversial, but his role was very important. He was a symbol for Russian Jews."[73]
  • Moshe Tendler, son-in-law of Moshe Feinstein, praised Kahane, and stated: "His whole goal was always, 'How do you make each Jew stand tall?'"[74]
  • Yaakov Yosef, the son of Ovadia Yosef who headed the Hazon Ya'akov Yeshiva and served as rabbi of the Givat Moshe neighborhood in Jerusalem, described Kahane as one who "fulfilled his role faithfully" and declared, "We must learn from [Kahane's] great actions in order that we learn the way of the Torah."[75] While serving in the Knesset as part of the Shas party, Yosef was one of the few who remained to listen to Kahane's addresses.
  • After the Kach party was outlawed, a member of the Sicarii terrorist group pledged allegiance to Kahane and his political party during a phone call.[76]

Legacy

Old Jerusalem Kahane was right stickers
Stickers in Hebrew: "Today Everybody Knows: Kahane was Right"

Following Kahane's death, no leader emerged to replace him in the movement although the idea of transferring populations, which was attributed mainly to Kahane, was subsequently incorporated into the political platform of various political parties in Israel, such as Moledet (applying to Arab non-citizen residents of the West Bank) and Yisrael Beiteinu (in the form of population exchange). Two small Kahanist factions later emerged; one under the name Kach, and the other under the name Kahane chai (Hebrew: כהנא חי, literally "Kahane lives [on]"), the second one being led by his younger son, Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane. Neither one was permitted to participate in the Knesset elections by the Central Elections Committee.

In 1994, following the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre of Palestinian Muslim worshippers in Hebron by Kach supporter Baruch Goldstein, in which 29 Muslim worshipers were killed, the Israeli government declared both parties to be terrorist organizations.[77][78] The US State Department also added Kach and Kahane Chai to its list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.

In the 2003 Knesset elections, Herut, which had split off from the National Union list, ran with Michael Kleiner and former Kach activist Baruch Marzel taking the top two spots on the list. The joint effort narrowly missed the 1.5% barrier. In the following 2006 elections, the Jewish National Front, led by Baruch Marzel, fared better, but it also failed to pass the minimum threshold. A follower of Kahane who was involved with Kach for many years, Michael Ben-Ari, was elected to the Knesset in the 2009 elections on renewed National Union list. He stood again in the 2013 elections as the second candidate on the list of Otzma LeYisrael, but the party failed to pass the minimum threshold.

In 2007, the FBI released over a thousand documents relating to its daily surveillance of Kahane since the early 1960s.[79]

In 2015, Kahane's grandson, Meir Ettinger, was detained by Israeli law enforcement. He was the alleged leader of the radical Jewish group "The Revolt".[80] In an online "manifesto" echoing some of his grandfather's teachings, Ettinger promotes the "dispossession of gentiles" who live in Israel and the establishment of a new "kingdom of Israel", a theocracy ruled by Halacha. Ettinger's writings condemned Israel's government, mainstream rabbis, and the IDF, and also have denounced Christian churches as "idolatry".[81]

In 2016, Kahane's widow claimed that modern Jewish extremists in Israel are not following the ideology of her late husband, Rabbi Meir Kahane. She justified that claim by arguing that unlike modern Jewish extremists, Rabbi Kahane had a more mature approach that did not encourage illegal activities.[82]

Gas the Arabs painted in Hebron
"Gas the Arabs! JDL" graffiti in Hebron.[83][84] The persistent graffiti in Hebron that calls for the expulsion or killing of Arabs has been characterized as Kahane's legacy.[85][86]

The prosecution argued that Arab MK Haneen Zoabi should be banned for denying the Jewish people's existence, and he was banned by the Central Elections Committee, which uses the Kahane precedent. A week later, the ruling was unanimously overturned by the Supreme Court. Attempts to ban the Strong Israel and Balad political parties by using the Kahane precedent were also overturned.[87][88]

In 2017, The Forward reported that some of Kahane's followers were aligning themselves with white nationalists and the alt-right.[89] Other Kahanists declared that such moves did not reflect Kahane's teachings, and they supported that declaration by arguing that Kahane worked together with African Americans.[90]

See also

Publications

  • (Partially under pseudonym Michael King; with Joseph Churba) The Jewish Stake in Vietnam, Crossroads, 1967
  • Never Again! A Program for Survival, Pyramid Books, 1972
  • Time to Go Home, Nash, 1972.
  • Letters from Prison, Jewish Identity Center, 1974
  • Our Challenge: The Chosen Land, Chilton, 1974
  • The Story of the Jewish Defense League, Chilton, 1975, 2nd edition, Institute for Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane, (Brooklyn, NY), 2000
  • Why Be Jewish? Intermarriage, Assimilation, and Alienation, Stein & Day, 1977
  • Listen, Vanessa, I Am a Zionist, Institute of the Authentic Jewish Idea, 1978
  • They Must Go, Grosset & Dunlop, 1981
  • Forty Years, Institute of the Jewish Idea, 2nd edition, 1983
  • Uncomfortable Questions for Comfortable Jews, Lyle Stuart, 1987
  • Israel: Revolution or Referendum, Barricade Books (Secaucus, NJ), 1990
  • Or ha-ra'yon, English title: The Jewish Idea, n.p. (Jerusalem), 1992, translated from the Hebrew by Raphael Blumberg, Institute for Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane (Jerusalem), 1996
  • On Jews and Judaism: Selected Articles 1961–1990, Institute for Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane (Jerusalem), 1993
  • Perush ha-Makabi: al Sefer Devarim, Institute for Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane (Jerusalem), 1993, 1995
  • Pirush HaMaccabee: al Sefer Shemu'el u-Nevi'im rishonim, Institute for Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane (Jerusalem), 1994
  • Listen World, Listen Jew, 3rd edition, Institute for the Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane (Jerusalem), 1995
  • Beyond Words, 1st edition, Institute for the Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane (Jerusalem), 2010.
  • Kohen ve-navi: osef ma'amarim, ha-Makhon le-hotsa'at kitve ha-Rav Kahana (Jerusalem), 2000
  • Cuckooland, illustrated by Shulamith bar Itzhak (yet unpublished)..

For supplementary information and insights

  • Goldberg, Lenny, The Wit and Wisdom of Rabbi Meir Kahane.
  • Miracle Man, Yeshivat "HaRaayon HaYehudi" (Jerusalem), 2010[91]
  • Bar Itzhak, Shulamith, Kahane et le Kahanisme (in French).
  • Breslauer, Daniel (1986), Meir Kahane: Ideologue, Hero, Thinker, Lewiston/Queenston: Edwin Mellen Press.
  • The Boundaries of Liberty and Tolerance: The Struggle Against Kahanism in Israel, Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1994.
  • Friedman, Robert I (1990), The False Prophet: Rabbi Meir Kahane, from FBI Informant to Knesset Member, Brooklyn, NY: Lawrence Hill.
  • Mergui, Raphael; Simonnot, Phillipe, Israel's Ayatollahs: Meir Kahane and the Far Right in Israel.
  • Ravitzky, Aviezer, The Roots of Kahanism: Consciousness and Political Reality, archived from the original on 2013-01-09.
  • Sprinzak, Ehud, Kach and Meir Kahane: The Emergence of Jewish Quasi-Fascism, archived from the original on 2012-12-10.
  • Kahane, Libby (2008), Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought.

References

  1. ^ "Rabbi Meir Kahane", Jewish Virtual Library (biography)
  2. ^ "Kach, Kahane Chai (Israel, extremists) – Council on Foreign Relations". Cfr.org. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  3. ^ Kahane, Libby (2008), Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought, archived from the original (abstract) on August 13, 2010
  4. ^ Meir Kahane. Uncomfortable Questions for Comfortable Jews. p. 265. The pity is-the tragedy is-that most Jews do not believe that Judaism is Divine and therefore do not accept it as the foundation of the state. And so, because of that-but only because any attempt to establish a true Torah state would lead to bitter civil war among Jews-I would not be prepared to establish a state that would bar elections involving parties that do not accept Torah law as authority.
  5. ^ Meir Kahane (1987). Uncomfortable Questions for Comfortable Jews. Lyle Stuart. p. 270. ISBN 978-0818404382. The Jew is forbidden to give up any part of the Land of Israel, which has been liberated. The land belongs to the G-d of Israel, and the Jew, given it by G-d, has no right to give away any part of it. All the areas liberated in 1967 will be annexed and made part of the State of Israel. Jewish settlement in every part of the land, including cities that today are sadly Judenrein, will be unlimited.
  6. ^ Maimonides. Mishne Torah, Laws of Kings, Ch. 6.
  7. ^ Meir Kahane. Uncomfortable Questions for Comfortable Jews. p. 250. All Arabs who are prepared to accept the State of Israel as the exclusive state of the Jewish people and of no one else, will be allowed to remain in the land with the status of "resident stranger", as per Jewish laws. They will be granted personal rights, but no national ones. They will have general economic, social, cultural, and religious freedom, but will not be citizens of the Jewish State and will have nothing to say in its future in any way. Accepting this status, they are welcome to remain, and are entitled to all the respect and decency that Judaism demands we grant to all humans who are resident strangers in our land and who bow to its laws and concepts.
  8. ^ Meir Kahane. They Must Go. Those who refuse to accept noncitizen status shall be compensated for property, but not given a bonus, and shall be transferred only to Arab - not Western - lands. The transfer shall be effected peacefully, if possible, but if the Arab still refuses, then forcibly and without compensation.
  9. ^ a b Brinkley, Joel. "Israel Bans Kahane Party From Election", The New York Times, October 6, 1988.
  10. ^ a b Morris Kaplan (July 24, 1971). "Kahane Gets 5-Year Suspended Sentence in Bomb Plot". New York Times. p. 26.
  11. ^ a b Beckerman, Gal (2010). When They Come for Us, We'll Be Gone: The Epic Struggle to Save Soviet Jewry. ISBN 9780547504438.
  12. ^ "Rabbi Meir Kahane". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. August 1, 1932. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  13. ^ Friedman, Robert I. The false prophet – Rabbi Meir Kahane – from FBI informant to Knesset member, New York, 1990, p.9. ISBN 1-55652-078-6
  14. ^ Libby Kahane. Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought (Vol. 1). p. 50. Rabbi Abraham Kalmanowitz had a great love for Meir... [He once told Meir:] 'Because you sanctified G-d's name... your name and fame shall spread far and wide.'
  15. ^ Libby Kahane, "Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought" vol. 2, chap 6, note 3 p. 577.
  16. ^ a b Nathan-Kazis, Josh. "Carrying a Torch", Ha'Aretz, January 6, 2009.
  17. ^ Nathan-Kazis, Josh (January 6, 2009). "Carrying a torch". Haaretz. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  18. ^ Miskin, Maayana (November 30, 2010). "Kahane Family Sues as Radio Ads Pulled over Peace Now Pressure". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  19. ^ Kahane, Libby (2008). Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought Vol. One: 1932-1975. Israel: Urim Publications. p. 42. ISBN 978-965-524-008-5. Meir accepted the rabbinical position at the Howard Beach Jewish Center (HBJC) with certain conditions. He demanded Orthodox practices, even though none of the synagogue's members were observant: a kosher kitchen, traditional prayers, and separate seating for men and women with a mechitza (partition) between them. Another condition was that the synagogue resign from the Conservative movement's United Synagogues of America. Remarkably, the board of directors agreed to all these terms, perhaps because the salary which Meir accepted was far lower than that of a Reform or Conservative rabbi.
  20. ^ Aaron Rakeffet-Rothkoff (2011). From Washington Avenue to Washington Street. Gefen Books. ISBN 978-965-229-5651. Meir's primary success in this position was to be his undoing. Many of the youngsters were enchanted by the new rabbi and his mesmerizing personality. Much to their parents’ chagrin, some of these children began to observe the dietary and Sabbath laws.
  21. ^ "Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought", pp. 48, 49.
  22. ^ Tugend, Tom (December 2, 2004). "A Jewish Visit to Guthrie's Land". JewishJournal.com. Tribe Media Corp. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  23. ^ Rakeffet-Rothkoff, Aaron. Review of Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought He also served as an assistant rabbi in the Young Israel of Laurelton, and as rabbi of the Rochdale Village Jewish Center.Archived September 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Jewish Action.
  24. ^ "Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought", Jewish Action, OU, 2008, archived from the original on September 13, 2009
  25. ^ Remembering Kahane, and the Woman on the Bridge New York Times; March 6, 1994
  26. ^ When They Come for Us, We'll Be Gone: The Epic Struggle to Save Soviet Jewry at Google Books
  27. ^ Libby Kahane. Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought (Vol. 1). p. 79.
  28. ^ The Jewish stake in Vietnam at Google Books
  29. ^ "Informant: Meir Kahane Planned Biological Terror Attack On USSR". October 6, 2007. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  30. ^ "But Meir Kahane's Message Refuses to Die; Source of 'Never Again'". The New York Times. November 19, 1990. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  31. ^ a b "Anti-Defamation League on JDL". Adl.org. Archived from the original on April 14, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
  32. ^ Kahane, Libby (2008). Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought, Volume 1. Urim Publications. p. 106. ISBN 978-965-524-008-5. The JDL favored civil rights for blacks, and opposed only black anti-Semites.
  33. ^ Kahane, Libby (2008). Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought, Volume 1. Urim Publications. p. 80. ISBN 978-965-524-008-5.
  34. ^ "Black Group, Jdl Pledge Common Action for Soviet Jews, Black-jewish Relations". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. May 19, 1971. The leader of a black self help group and the national chairman of the Jewish Defense League met today and pledged "brotherhood". The unprecedented meeting between a black organization and the JDL, termed by Rabbi Kahane as a "turning point in Black-Jewish relations", took place in the Harlem headquarters of NEGRO (National Economic Growth and Reconstruction Organization).
  35. ^ Meir Kahane (1975). The Story of the Jewish Defense League. Chilton Book Company. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-8019-6247-9. In May, I and twenty other JDL people held an open rally in the middle of the campus against racism and reverse discrimination, surrounded by hundreds of militant Blacks and their Jewish supporters. Heckling and obscenities punctuated the air. As we stood together in a small knot, the mob suddenly surged forward and I am not ashamed to admit that I was frightened. But as we pushed back, the mob broke up and the rally continued. It was a small victory, perhaps, but the four Christian students who came up after the rally and said 'You guys have guts, that was the first rally of this kind we’ve seen here. Can we join the JDL?' understood perfectly what had happened. They did join, and at one point some 4 percent of our membership was non-Jewish.
  36. ^ "ADL Commends FBI for Thwarting Alleged Bombing Plot By Jewish Extremists". Adl.org. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
  37. ^ "Middle East History: Jewish Defense League Unleashes Campaign of Violence in America". Wrmea.com. Archived from the original on April 23, 2005. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
  38. ^ "Kahane gets year in '71 conviction". New York Times. February 22, 1975. p. 18.
  39. ^ Deirdre Carmody (November 15, 1975). "Kahane enjoys freedom as an Inmate". New York Times. p. 56.
  40. ^ Kushner, Harvey W. (2003). Encyclopedia of Terrorism. SAGE. pp. 192–193. ISBN 978-0-7619-2408-1.
  41. ^ Hall, Carla (September 11, 1984). "The Message of Meir Kahane: In Silver Spring, Boos and Applause for the Knesset Member Meir Kahane". The Washington Post.
  42. ^ Ehud Sprinzak (1999). Brother against Brother. The Free Press. p. 189
  43. ^ The Kach Movement – Background. Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Archived January 17, 2010, at WebCite: March 3, 1994
  44. ^ 60 Minutes – Meir Kahane
  45. ^ Israelis arrest rabbi on terrorism charges, The Montreal Gazette May 15, 1980
  46. ^ "The Spokesman-Review - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
  47. ^ Israel Court Drops Ban on 2 Political Parties, New York Times, June 29, 1984, p. 3
  48. ^ After a Career of Preaching Hatred for Arabs, Rabbi Meir Kahane Is Cut Down by An Assassin's Bullet People Magazine
  49. ^ Jewish Defense League Unleashes Campaign of Violence in America New York Times, October 17, 1988
  50. ^ Jew vs. Jew: the struggle for the soul of American Jewry, p. 196, at Google Books, Samuel G. Freedman
  51. ^ Alan M. Dershowitz (1992). Chutzpah. Touchstone. pp. 191–192. ISBN 978-0-671-76089-2.
  52. ^ a b Specter, Michael (November 6, 1990). "Jewish Leader Kahane Slain in New York". The Washington Post.
  53. ^ Goldman, John J. (November 6, 1990), "Militant Rabbi Kahane Slain by N.Y. Gunman", Los Angeles Times
  54. ^ Juergensmeyer, Mark (2003). Terror in the Mind of God. University of California Press. p. 59.
  55. ^ Katz, Samuel M. "Relentless Pursuit: The DSS and the manhunt for the al-Qaeda terrorists", 2002
  56. ^ Hamm, Mark S (2007). Terrorism as Crime: From Oklahoma City to Al-Qaeda and Beyond. NYU Press, p 29
  57. ^ SELWYN RAABPublished: December 23, 1991 (December 23, 1991). "Jury Selection Seen As Crucial to Verdict". New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
  58. ^ CNN Jenkins, Brian. "Sheik, others convicted in New York", October 1, 1995, CNN
  59. ^ Scheffler, Gil. "Sharon was Kahane killer's target", Aug 15, 2010, The Jerusalem Post
  60. ^ "Rabbi Meir Kahane- The First victim of Al Quaeda in America". History Channel. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  61. ^ "First Blood: Was Meir Kahane's murder al Qaeda's earliest attack on U.S. soil? | Peter Lance". peterlance.com. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  62. ^ "Gentlemen, not everyone knows Rabbi Meir! They do not know his true value! His fear of heaven! His learning! His kindness! The help he gave in secret! How many families receive food products from him on the eve of Passover, the eve of Sukkoth, the eve of Rosh HaShana; how many poor people got money from him – and all this, giving in secret! I can tell you that just recently, before Rosh HaShana, Rabbi Meir handed out some 34,000 dollars. There was a family that needed money, so he took money from his private funds and gave them! This is kindness! This is fear of heaven! This is charity! This is giving in secret! His inner qualities, the delicacy of his soul, his inner fear of heaven! This, people do not know, with this they are not familiar. Gentlemen! As if we know how carefully he used to fix times for Torah study! Who was the first to speak of Russian Jewry? Who awakened the Israeli people and the entire world from their slumbers, with regard to Russian Jewry? Who was it who predicted that Russian Jews would yet come out of their exile? It was Rabbi Meir Kahane – may God avenge his blood! I can mention now the number of agunoth I asked him to act on behalf of – thanks to his efforts we succeeded in saving a goodly number of agunoth. He saved many Jewish women from non-Jewish hands! Rabbi Meir, Rabbi Meir! I ask of you to rise up to heaven and to awaken all those who were put to death by the authorities, so that they can act in heaven for the benefit of all of Israel, so that we need not mourn any more, and so that your own sacrifice will be the last one, so that crying and screaming shall no longer be heard in our day, and so that we be found worthy of the final redemption, speedily and in our day. Amen."Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu's Eulogy of Rabbi Meir Kahane
  63. ^ "One absolutely cannot confuse them. The objective of a democratic state is to allow a person to do exactly as he wishes. The objective of Judaism is to serve God and to make people better. These are two totally opposite conceptions of life.""God's Law: an Interview with Rabbi Meir Kahane". Archived from the original on February 19, 2009. Retrieved December 18, 2012.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  64. ^ a b c d Kahane.org
  65. ^ Kahane, Meir (1974). "Palestine?". mkwords.com. If there are those who wish to create something known as 'Palestine' they are welcome to do so in 'Jordan' which in itself is a fictitious state created by the imperialist British by cutting away, in 1921, the eastern part of the Land of Israel. The Arabs who call themselves 'Palestinians' had the opportunity to create a 'Palestine' in a far larger part of the Land of Israel, but refused to do so. They lost that chance forever and if they refuse to create a state in 'Jordan' now, but insist upon war, they will lose again and lose 'Jordan' in the process because - while we will never begin a war for those parts of the Land of Israel now under foreign rule, should the Arabs begin that war, and we liberate still other areas of the Land of Israel, then those will never be given up either.
  66. ^ Chana Bunim Rubin Ausubel (2015). As Long as the Candle Burns. Mazo Publishers. p. 188. ISBN 978-1936778423. As an activist he was an admirer and supporter of Rav Meir Kahane, when very few people were.
  67. ^ Halevi, Ezra (January 10, 2006). "Sanhedrin Recognizes Council to Teach Humanity ´Laws of Noah´". Arutz 7 News.
  68. ^ "Bob Dylan interview", Time, May 31, 1971
  69. ^ Wolk, Douglas, The Wandering Kind, Next Book, archived from the original on November 28, 2007
  70. ^ Heylin, Clinton (2001). Bob Dylan Behind the Shades. The Biography-Take Two. London: Penguin Books. p. 328. ISBN 978-0-14-028146-0.
  71. ^ Heylin, Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades Revisited, p. 329.
  72. ^ Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu's Eulogy of Rabbi Meir Kahane
  73. ^ "L'Chayim: Soviet Refusenik, Yosef Mendelevich". Youtube. Shalom TV. November 26, 2012.
  74. ^ "Excerpts from the Eulogy Given at Rabbi Kahane's Funeral by Rabbi Moshe Tendler, Shlita". The Idea. 1991.
  75. ^ Rabbi Yaakov Yosef about Rabbi Meir Kahane
  76. ^ Roseberg, Carol (April 28, 1989). "Underground group targets Jewish leftists". The Globe and Mail. p. A8.
  77. ^ "Kach and Kahane Chai". Archived from the original on December 16, 2002.
  78. ^ "Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)". Archived from the original on October 11, 2013.
  79. ^ "INTELWIRE.com - the documents" (PDF). Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  80. ^ "Cracking down on the settlers: Binyamin Netanyahu's double game". The Economist. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  81. ^ Israeli Detains Meir Kahane's Grandson, a Scion of Jewish Militancy The New York Times, 4 August 2015
  82. ^ Sales, Ben (February 10, 2016). "Kahane's Widow: Today's Jewish Extremists Have Failed to Live Up to Kahane's Way". Ha'aretz.
  83. ^ Baltzer, Anna. Witness in Palestine: A Jewish American Woman in the Occupied Territories. page 279
  84. ^ "Israeli 'Family Magazine' Fountains of Salvation Advocates Sending Arabs to Death Camps". Salem-News. Com. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
  85. ^ Jewish Terrorism in Israel. By Ami Pedahzur, Arie Perliger. 2009, page 73
  86. ^ Encyclopedia of American Religion and Politics. Paul A. Djupe, Laura R. Olson. 2003, page 239
  87. ^ DAN WILNER (December 26, 2012). "High Court Expected to Overturn Election Committee Ban on Zoabi". Hamodia. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  88. ^ "Israeli Arab Barred From Running in Election". The Jewish Daily Forward. December 19, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  89. ^ "Jewish Militants See White Nationalists As Natural Allies". The Forward. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
  90. ^ Krupkin, Taly (January 7, 2017). "Drawing Inspiration From Trump, Far-right Kahane Movement Seeks U.S. Revival". Haaretz.
  91. ^ "Rabbi Meir Kahane debuts as a comic book hero", The Jerusalem Post

External links

Assassination of Meir Kahane

Meir Kahane, an Israeli rabbi and politician, was assassinated on 5 November 1990 (18 Cheshvan 5751), shortly after 9:00 p.m. at the New York Marriott East Side, a hotel in Manhattan, New York City.

Avraham Toledano

Avraham Toledano is an Israeli politician. He was the Mashgiach ruchani of the Yeshivat Haraayon Hayehudi, and was number four on the Kach Knesset list in 1988. He was briefly the leader of Kach after Rabbi Meir Kahane was murdered, and before Baruch Marzel took over.

Baruch Goldstein

Baruch Kopel Goldstein (Hebrew: ברוך קופל גולדשטיין; December 9, 1956 – February 25, 1994) was an American-Israeli physician, religious extremist, and mass murderer who perpetrated the 1994 Cave of the Patriarchs massacre in Hebron, killing 29 Palestinian Muslim worshippers and wounding another 125. He was beaten to death by survivors of the massacre.

The Israeli government condemned the massacre, and responded by arresting followers of Meir Kahane, criminalizing the Kach movement and affiliated movements as terrorist, forbidding certain Israeli settlers from entering Palestinian towns, and demanding that those settlers turn in their army-issued rifles, although rejecting a PLO demand that all settlers in the West Bank be disarmed and that an international force be created to protect Palestinians. Jewish Israelis were barred from entering major Arab communities in Hebron. The Israeli government also took extreme measures against Palestinians following the deadly riots after the massacre, expelling them from certain streets near Jewish settlements in Hebron, such as Al-Shuhada Street, where many Palestinians had homes and businesses, and allowing access exclusively to Jewish Israelis and foreign tourists.Goldstein's gravesite became a pilgrimage site for Jewish extremists. The following words are inscribed on the tomb: "He gave his life for the people of Israel, its Torah and land." In 1999, after the passing of Israeli legislation outlawing monuments to terrorists, the Israeli Army dismantled the shrine that had been built to Goldstein at the site of his interment. The tombstone and its epitaph, calling Goldstein a martyr with clean hands and a pure heart, was left untouched. After the flagstones around it were pried away under the eye of a military chaplain, the ground was covered with gravel.

Ben-Zion Gopstein

Ben-Zion Gopstein (also Bentzi Gophstein, or Bentzi Gophstain) (born 10 September 1969) is a political activist affiliated with the radical right in Israel, a student of Rabbi Meir Kahane, and founder and director of Lehava, an Israeli Jewish anti-assimilation organization. He was a member of the Council of Kiryat Arba, 2010-2013.

Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane

Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane (Hebrew: בנימין זאב כהנא‎‎ 3 October 1966 – 31 December 2000) was an Israeli Orthodox rabbi and the son of Rabbi Meir Kahane.

Born in New York City, he emigrated to Israel with his family at the age of four, in 1971. He was a young Israeli Orthodox Jewish scholar and rabbi who was most famous for his leadership of Kahane Chai, a far-right political party that broke from his father's Kach party after Meir Kahane's assassination in 1990. He was convicted several times by Israeli courts for advocating violence against Arabs.Kahane was the author of The Haggada of the Jewish Idea, a commentary based on his father's teachings of the Passover Haggadah read at the Passover Seder. He wrote a Torah portion sheet called Darka Shel Torah ("The Way of the Torah") that was distributed for the weekly Torah portions.

He and his wife Talya were shot and killed near the Israeli settlement of Ofra on 31 December 2000. The ambush took place on road 60 about 15 KM north of Jerusalem, just before the town of Ofra. Five of the couple's six children were in the van when they were hit by automatic rifle fire. Binyamin (the driver) was killed and the vehicle lost control and smashed into a wall. His wife Taliya died in the ambulance on the way to the hospital in Jerusalem. The Prime Minister's Office subsequently announced the arrest of three members of Force 17 – Talal Ghassan, Marzouk Abu Naim and Na'man Nofel – who were believed to have carried out the attack under the instruction of PLO leader Col. Mahmoud Damra. However, in 2007, Khaled Shawish was arrested for the attack.Kahane's six children, Yehudit, Meir David, Batya, Tzivya, Rivkah, and Shlomtziyon, are being raised by Talya's younger sister and her husband in the family's home in Kfar Tapuach.

El Sayyid Nosair

El Sayyid Nosair (born 16 November 1955) is an Egyptian-born American citizen, convicted of involvement in the 1993 New York City landmark bomb plot. He had earlier been tried for, but acquitted of, the 1990 New York City assassination of Meir Kahane, a Jewish religious figure and far-right Israeli politician.

In 1994, Nosair was convicted in federal court of nine counts, including seditious conspiracy, murder in aid of racketeering, attempted murder in aid of racketeering, attempted murder of a U.S. Postal Inspection Service officer, use of a firearm in the commission of a murder, use of a firearm during an attempted murder, and possession of a firearm.

Jewish Defense League

The Jewish Defense League (JDL) is a Jewish far-right religious-political organization in the United States, whose stated goal is to "protect Jews from antisemitism by whatever means necessary". It was classified as "a right wing terrorist group" by the FBI in 2001 and is considered a radical organization by the Southern Poverty Law Center. According to the FBI, the JDL has been involved in plotting and executing acts of terrorism within the United States. Most terrorism watch groups classify the group as inactive. The JDL's website states that it rejects terrorism.Founded by Rabbi Meir Kahane in New York City in 1968, the JDL's self-described purpose was to protect Jews from local manifestations of antisemitism. Its criticism of the Soviet Union increased support for the group, transforming it from a "vigilante club" into an organization with a stated membership numbering over 15,000 at one point. The group took to bombing Arab and Soviet properties in the United States, and targeting various alleged "enemies of the Jewish people", ranging from Arab-American political activists to neo-Nazis, for assassination. A number of JDL members have been linked to violent, and sometimes deadly, attacks in the United States and in other countries, including the murder of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee regional director Alex Odeh in 1985, the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre in 1994, and a plot to assassinate Congressman Darrell Issa in 2001. Several JDL members and leaders died violent deaths, including Kahane himself, who was assassinated by an Arab-American gunman.According to the Anti-Defamation League, the JDL consists only of "thugs and hooligans". The group's founder, Meir Kahane, "preached a radical form of Jewish nationalism which reflected racism, violence and political extremism," attitudes that were replicated by Irv Rubin, the successor to Kahane.

Kach and Kahane Chai

Kach (Hebrew: כ"ך) was a radical Orthodox Jewish, ultranationalist political party in Israel, existing from 1971 to 1994. Founded by Rabbi Meir Kahane in 1971, based on his Jewish-Orthodox-nationalist ideology (subsequently dubbed Kahanism), the party earned a single seat in the Knesset in the 1984 election, after several electoral failures. However, it was barred from participating in the next election in 1988 under the revised Knesset Elections Law banning parties that incited racism. After Kahane's assassination in 1990, the party split, with Kahane Chai (כהנא חי, "Kahane Lives") breaking away from the main Kach faction. The party was also barred from standing in the 1992 election, and both organisations were banned outright in 1994.

Today, both groups are considered terrorist organisations by Israel, Canada, the European Union, Japan, and the United States. The groups are believed to have an overlapping core membership of fewer than 100 people.

Kahane

Some people named Kahane include:

Anetta Kahane, German journalist and former Stasi member

Binyamin Kahane, Israeli Air Force pilot, recipient of Medal of Courage

Brianna Kahane (born 2002), American child prodigy violinist

Gabriel Kahane, American composer, pianist and singer-songwriter

Howard Kahane, professor of philosophy known for promoting a popular approach to logic

Jack Kahane (1887–1939), Manchester-born writer and publisher

Jean-Pierre Kahane (1926–2017), French mathematician

Jeffrey Kahane, American pianist and conductor

Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the American Jewish Defense League and the Israeli Kach party

Rabbi Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, founder of the Israeli Kahane Chai party; son of Rabbi Meir Kahane

Rabbi Nachman Kahane, rabbinic scholar involved in renewal of Sanhedrin; author of commentary on Tosafot of the Talmud; brother of Rabbi Meir Kahane

Jackie Kahane, Polish-Canadian stand up comedian.

Kahanism

Kahanism is an extremist Jewish ideology based on the views of Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the Jewish Defense League and the Kach party in Israel. Kahane maintained the view that the majority of Arabs living in Israel are enemies of Jews and Israel itself, and believed that a Jewish theocratic state, where non-Jews have no voting rights, should be created. The Kach party has been banned by the Israeli government and the U.S. State Department has labeled it a Foreign Terrorist Organization.

Kiryat Itri

Kiryat Itri (Hebrew: קריית איתרי) is a Haredi neighborhood in Jerusalem, Israel. It is located on the northern edge of the mountain plateau on which central Jerusalem lies.

The neighborhood was established in the late 1960s by Rabbi Mordechai Elefant in cooperation with the Jewish Agency for Israel to encourage American Jewish immigration to Israel. The small neighborhood is usually associated with the larger, adjoining neighborhoods of Kiryat Mattersdorf to the west or Unsdorf to the northeast.

Masada2000

Masada2000 was a California-based website created and maintained by people from the United States, Israel, Brazil, and Switzerland. It has been described as "extreme pro-Israel, anti-Palestinian" and "radical-Zionist". The site supported and often quoted the views of Meir Kahane, although it had denied being Kahanist. Before 2001 the site was called Zion2000.

Meir

Meir is a Jewish masculine given name and an occasional surname. It means "one who shines" It is often Germanized as Meiger, Meijer, Italianized as Miagro, or Anglicized as Mayer, Meyer, or Myer. Notable people with the name include:

Given name:

Rabbi Meir, Jewish sage who lived in the time of the Talmud

Meir Amit (1921–2009), Israeli general and politician

Meir Ariel, Israeli singer/songwriter

Meir Bar-Ilan (1880–1949), rabbi and Religious Zionism leader

Meir Ben Baruch (1215–1293) aka Meir of Rothenburg, a German rabbi, poet, and author

Meir Daloya (born 1956), Olympic weightlifter

Meir Dizengoff (1861–1936), Israeli politician

Meir Har-Zion, Israeli commando fighter

Meir Kahane (1932–1990), rabbi and political activist

Meir Lublin (1558–1616), Polish rabbi, Talmudist and Posek

Meir Nitzan, the mayor of Rishon-LeZion, Israel

Meir Pa'il (1926–2015), Israeli politician and military historian

Meir Shalev, Israeli writer

Meir Shamgar (born 1925), Israeli President of the Israeli Supreme Court

Meir Shapiro (1887–1933), Hasidic Rabbi and creator of the Daf Yomi

Meir Simcha of Dvinsk (1843–1926), rabbi and leader of Orthodox Judaism in Eastern Europe

Meir Zorea (1923–1995), Israeli general and politician

Meir Sheetrit, a current Israeli Knesset member for the Kadima party

Meir Tobianski (1904–1948), Israeli officer wrongly executed as traitor

Israel Meir Kagan (1838–1933), Polish rabbi, Halakhist and ethicist

Yisrael Meir Lau, the Chief Rabbi of Tel Aviv, Israel

Yitzchak Meir Alter (1798(?)–1866), Polish rabbi and founder of the Ger (Hasidic dynasty) within Hasidic JudaismSurname:

Elchanan Meir (born 1936), Israeli psychologist

Gideon Meir, Israeli diplomat

Golda Meir (1898–1978), a founder of the modern State of Israel, Hebraicized from Meyerson

Jessica Meir, comparative physiology researcher and aquanaut

Nati Meir (born 1955), Romanian politicianLocalities

Meir, Antwerp, shopping street in Antwerp, Belgium

Meir, Egypt

Meir, Staffordshire

Meir Ettinger

Meir Ettinger (born 4 October 1991) is an Israeli Kahanist, and activist who is known for leading the Hilltop Youth, a group that pursues the expansion of Israeli settlements in the West Bank, conducts punitive price tag attacks on Palestinian villages, and targets Muslim and Christian sites. Ettinger has called for the demolition of the secular state of Israel, and its replacement by a religious society based on Biblical principles.

Michael King (disambiguation)

Michael King (1945–2004) was a New Zealand popular historian, author and biographer.

Michael King may also refer to:

Michael F. King, original developer of the ProvideX computer language

Michael King (Project 21) (born 1962), conservative columnist

Michael King (golfer) (born 1950), English golfer

Michael Phillip King (born 1985), musician and member of the pop band King

Michael King (footballer) (born 1991), English association football player

Michael King (graphic designer), American graphic designer

Michael King (radio host), host of American radio program Home Talk USA

Martin Luther King Sr. (1899–1984), American Baptist pastor and missionary

Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968), American Baptist minister and activist

Michael Patrick King (born 1954), American director, writer and producer

Michael W. King (born 1952), American producer, writer and director

Meir Kahane (1932–1990), American author who used the pseudonym of Michael King

Michael Weston King (born 1961), English singer and songwriter

Mike King (basketball) (Michael Antonio King, born 1978), American basketball player

Mike Guzovsky

Mike Guzovsky, also known as Mike Guzofsky and Yekutiel Ben-Ya'acov, is an American-Israeli follower of the late Rabbi Meir Kahane. According to the British Government, Guzovsky is a Jewish militant. He is a contact on Kahane.org, which is on the U.S. Treasury Department’s list of terrorist organizations. He lives in the settlement of Kfar Tapuach in the West Bank.The Anti-Defamation League report that during the mid-1990s, Guzovsky was the leader of Kahane Chai (an offshoot of Kach) in the United States, where he demonstrated against Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and for Baruch Goldstein, who killed 29 Muslims. When Rabin was assassinated in 1995, Guzovsky stated that "Rabin was bad for Jews" and said of his murderer, Yigal Amir, that "An intelligent man, one like this law student, had to act."He has organized peaceful resistance against the dismantlement of settlements.In 2005, Guzovsky said in the PBS documentary "Israel's Next War" that, "We have thousands of civilians with the military know-how to instigate a mega-attack against Arabs, unidentified people, like Rabin's assassin, Yigal Amir, who can do such a deed. No matter how much the security service and the police harass us, it won't do them any good." The British government say that Guzovsky is actively involved with military training camps, and that he is "considered to be engaging in unacceptable behaviour by seeking to foment, justify, or glorify terrorist violence in furtherance of particular beliefs, and to provoke others to terrorist acts".

Guzovsky is on the list of individuals banned from entering the United Kingdom.

Yisrael Ariel

Rabbi Yisrael Ariel (ישראל אריאל, born Yisrael Stieglitz in 1939) was the chief rabbi of the evacuated Israeli settlement of Yamit in the Sinai Peninsula during the years when the Sinai was controlled by Israel, and the founder of the Temple Institute (Machon HaMikdash). His brother, Rabbi Yaakov Ariel, served as the rosh yeshiva in the yeshiva in Yamit and is currently the chief rabbi of Ramat Gan.

Ariel is a graduate of the Mercaz HaRav Yeshiva. As a young man, Ariel served in the Paratroopers Brigade unit that captured the Western Wall (kotel) in the Six-Day War. For the 1981 Knesset elections, Ariel ran as number two on the Kach list, with Rabbi Meir Kahane in the number-one spot.

As of 2006, aside from being the head of the Temple Institute, he is also involved in an attempt to revive the Sanhedrin.

Ariel urges that the Pesach sacrificial service on the Temple Mount should be resumed, and that the Temple should be rebuilt as soon as possible.

In December 2006, he was briefly arrested and interrogated by Israeli police after confronting General Elazar Stern, before being released.

In 2015, he described Jewish religious terrorism suspects who were banned from entering the West Bank due to vandalism, as praiseworthy.

Yosef Dayan

Yosef Dayan (born Mexico in 1945) is an Orthodox rabbi and the author of several books in Hebrew, Spanish, and Italian. He also worked to translate modern Spanish literature into Hebrew.Yosef Dayan emigrated to Israel in 1968, and became a member of the right-wing Kach movement. Dayan is the founder of "Malchut Israel", a right-wing religious-political group in Israel advocating a return of the monarchy. In 2004, he became a member of the newly reconstituted Sanhedrin, a duplicate of the religious tribunal which convened during the time of the Second Temple, a group that had traditionally had seventy-one members. He has also achieved certain notoriety for his alleged central participation in so-called "death curse" ceremonies or Pulsa diNura aimed at Yitzhak Rabin and Ariel Sharon. These curses were presumably to request divine retribution after those former Prime Ministers advocated Israeli withdrawal from certain areas considered by some as inalienable parts of the promised land. Incidentally, Yitzhak Rabin was murdered soon after the first curse, and Ariel Sharon left in a persistent vegetative state after a brain haemorrhage following the second. He is also known to have supported Baruch Goldstein's (a fellow Meir Kahane disciple) terrorist actions in the Cave of the Patriarch's Massacre.

His son Hananel Dayan-Meged is notorious for his refusal to shake the hand of Dan Halutz, the (former) Chief of Staff of the Israeli Defence Force, while receiving the "President of Israel excellence citation" during the Israeli Independence Day celebrations.

Zak Ebrahim

Zak Ebrahim (born Abdulaziz El Sayyid Nosair, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, March 24, 1983) is an American peace campaigner and author. He is the son of El Sayyid Nosair, who assassinated Meir Kahane, the founder of the Jewish Defense League and a militant Orthodox rabbi. Nosair was later convicted of involvement in the New York City landmark bomb plot.After several years of hiding his true identity, Abdulaziz changed his name to Zak Ebrahim and began to speak publicly about his father's activities and in favor of peace. He released his first book, The Terrorist's Son: A Story of Choice through Simon & Schuster in September 2014. It won an American Library Association award in 2015.

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