Medvezhyegorsk

Medvezhyegorsk (Russian: Медвежьего́рск; Karelian: Karhumägi; Finnish: Karhumäki) is a town and the administrative center of Medvezhyegorsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia. Population: 15,533 (2010 Census);[2] 17,283 (2002 Census);[7] 20,373; (1989 Census)[8] 15,800 (1959).

Medvezhyegorsk

Медвежьегорск
White Sea–Baltic Canal administration building in Medvezhyegorsk
White Sea–Baltic Canal administration building in Medvezhyegorsk
Location of Medvezhyegorsk
Medvezhyegorsk is located in Russia
Medvezhyegorsk
Medvezhyegorsk
Location of Medvezhyegorsk
Medvezhyegorsk is located in Karelia
Medvezhyegorsk
Medvezhyegorsk
Medvezhyegorsk (Karelia)
Coordinates: 62°54′N 34°28′E / 62.900°N 34.467°ECoordinates: 62°54′N 34°28′E / 62.900°N 34.467°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRepublic of Karelia[1]
Administrative districtMedvezhyegorsky District[1]
Founded17th century
Town status since1916
Area
 • Total14 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
 • Total15,533
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
 • Administrative center ofMedvezhyegorsky District[1]
 • Municipal districtMedvezhyegorsky Municipal District[3]
 • Urban settlementMedvezhyegorskoye Urban Settlement[3]
 • Administrative center ofMedvezhyegorsky Municipal District[4], Medvezhyegorskoye Urban Settlement[3]
Previous namesMedvezhya Gora (until 1938)
OKTMO ID86624101001

History

A village in this location had existed since the 17th century. Between 1703–1710 and 1766–1769, a factory was operating in the village. Town status was granted to it in 1916, when it was known as Medvezhya Gora (Медвежья Гора, lit. "bear mount"). The current name was given to it in 1938. During World War II, the town was occupied by the Finnish Army from 6 December 1941 to 23 June 1944.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Medvezhyegorsk serves as the administrative center of Medvezhyegorsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Medvezhyegorsk, together with three rural localities, is incorporated within Medvezhyegorsky Municipal District as Medvezhyegorskoye Urban Settlement.[3]

Transportation

Medvezhyegorsk is on the Murmansk railway south of the White Sea, and at the north end of Lake Onega. The White Sea–Baltic Canal passes by it.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #871-RZK
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ a b c d Law #813-RZK
  4. ^ Law #825-ZRK
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources

  • Законодательное Собрание Республики Карелия. Закон №871-ЗРК от 29 апреля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Карелия», в ред. Закона №1895-ЗРK от 2 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения статью 9 Закона Республики Карелия "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Карелия"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: газета "Карелия", №48, 7 мая 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #871-ZRK of April 29, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1895-ZRK of June 2, 2015 On Amending Article 9 of the Law of the Republic of Karelia "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Karelia". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Республики Карелия. Закон №813-ЗРК от 1 ноября 2004 г. «О городских, сельских поселениях в Республике Карелия», в ред. Закона №1694-ЗРK от 2 апреля 2013 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований "Нюхчинское сельское поселение" и "Сумпосадское сельское поселение" Беломорского муниципального района и внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Карелия». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: газета "Карелия", №124, 126, 129, 132, 135, 136, 139, 4 ноября — 9 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #813-ZRK of November 1, 2004 On the Urban, Rural Settlements in the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1694-ZRK of April 2, 2013 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of "Nyukhchinskoye Rural Settlement" and "Sumposadskoye Rural Settlement" of Belomorsky Municipal District of the Republic of Karelia and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Karelia. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Республики Карелия. Закон №825-ЗРК от 1 декабря 2004 г. «О муниципальных районах в Республике Карелия», в ред. Закона №1694-ЗРK от 2 апреля 2013 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований "Нюхчинское сельское поселение" и "Сумпосадское сельское поселение" Беломорского муниципального района и внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Карелия». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: газета "Карелия", №141, 16 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia. Law #825-ZRK of December 1, 2004 On the Municipal Districts in the Republic of Karelia, as amended by the Law #1694-ZRK of April 2, 2013 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of "Nyukhchinskoye Rural Settlement" and "Sumposadskoye Rural Settlement" of Belomorsky Municipal District of the Republic of Karelia and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Karelia. Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).

External links

Administrative divisions of the Republic of Karelia

Cities and towns under republic's jurisdiction:

Petrozavodsk (Петрозаводск) (Petroskoi) (capital)

Kostomuksha (Костомукша)

Sortavala (Сортавала)

Urban-type settlements under the town's jurisdiction:

Khelyulya (Хелюля)

Vyartsilya (Вяртсиля)

Districts:

Belomorsky (Беломорский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Belomorsk (Беломорск)

Kalevalsky (Калевальский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Kalevala (Калевала)

Kemsky (Кемский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Kem (Кемь)

Kondopozhsky (Кондопожский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Kondopoga (Кондопога)

Lakhdenpokhsky (Лахденпохский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Lakhdenpokhya (Лахденпохья)

Loukhsky (Лоухский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Chupa (Чупа)

Loukhi (Лоухи)

Pyaozersky (Пяозерский)

Medvezhyegorsky (Медвежьегорский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Medvezhyegorsk (Медвежьегорск)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Pindushi (Пиндуши)

Povenets (Повенец)

Muyezersky (Муезерский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Muyezersky (Муезерский)

Olonetsky (Олонецкий)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Olonets (Олонец)

Pitkyarantsky (Питкярантский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Pitkyaranta (Питкяранта)

Prionezhsky (Прионежский)

Pryazhinsky (Пряжинский)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Pryazha (Пряжа)

Pudozhsky (Пудожский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Pudozh (Пудож)

Segezhsky (Сегежский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Segezha (Сегежа)

Urban-type settlements under the district's jurisdiction:

Nadvoitsy (Надвоицы)

Suoyarvsky (Суоярвский)

Towns under the district's jurisdiction:

Suoyarvi (Суоярви)

Andoma River

The Andoma (Russian: Андома) is a river in Vytegorsky District of Vologda Oblast in Russia. It flows out of Lake Groptozero and is a tributary of Lake Onega. It is 156 kilometres (97 mi) long, and the area of its basin 2,570 square kilometres (990 sq mi). The main tributary of the Andoma is the Samina River (right).

The river basin of the Andoma occupies much of the northern part of Vytegorsky District. The river flows through the Andoma Hills, and the basin contains many lakes of glacial origin. The biggest lake in the Andoma Basin is Lake Aynozero.

The source of the Andoma is in the system of lakes in the northern part of Vytegorsky District. The river flows in the general direction south, turns west, and eventually northwest. The lower course of the Andoma is populated. In the village of Sorokopolye the Andoma accepts the Samina from the right, and downstream from this place it forms a delta as it flows into Lake Onega.

A short stretch of a highway connecting Vologda and Medvezhyegorsk via Vytegra and Pudozh runs along the Andoma, crossing it over a bridge in the village of Sorokopolye.

Between 1927 and 1957 Andomsky District with the center in the selo of Andomsky Pogost existed, first in Leningrad Oblast, from 1937 on in Vologda Oblast. In 1957, the district was abolished and merged into Vytegorsky District. Both the selo, located upstream from Sorokopolye, and the district were named after the Andoma.

Finnish invasion of East Karelia (1941)

The Finnish invasion of East Karelia (1941) was a military campaign in 1941. It was part of the Continuation War. Finnish troops occupied East Karelia and held it until 1944. For over a month after the outbreak of the Continuation War, the Karelian Army reinforced and prepared to resume its earlier offensive while waiting for the recapture of the Karelian Isthmus. The Soviets had prepared fortifications and brought troops to the front. When encirclements on the western shore of Lake Ladoga were resolved, the Finnish 7th Division was transferred to the junction of VI and VII Corps.

Juho Perälä

Juho Sylvester Perälä (24 August 1887 in Teuva – 20 January 1938 in Medvezhyegorsk; also known as Sylvester Perälä; name as Soviet citizen Иван Иванович Перяля) was a Finnish farmer and politician. Originally a member of the Social Democratic Party of Finland (SDP), he later joined the Socialist Workers' Party of Finland (SSTP), which was banned in 1923. In 1925 Perälä joined the still illegal Communist Party of Finland (SKP). He was a member of the Parliament of Finland from 1928 to 1930, representing the pro-communist but legal Socialist Electoral Organisation of Workers and Smallholders (STPV), which was banned in 1930.

In July 1930, Perälä was abducted by activists of the anti-communist Lapua Movement, which forced him to cross the border to the Soviet Union. In 1931 Perälä became a Soviet citizen. He joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and was active as a party functionary in the Karelian ASSR. On 14 November 1935 he was expelled from the Communist Party. As one of the victims of the Great Purge, he was arrested by the NKVD on 10 December 1937, sentenced to death and shot in Medvezhyegorsk on 20 January 1938. He was posthumously rehabilitated by Soviet authorities in 1956.

Karelo-Finnish Laika

The Karelo-Finnish Laika is a hunting dog breed from the Karelia area of Russia. It is sometimes referred to as a Finnish Spitz by the Finnish Kennel Club and by the Russian Kennel Federation.

Karhumäki (disambiguation)

Karhumäki is the Finnish name of Medvezhyegorsk, a town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia.

Karhumäki may also refer to:

PeopleJuhani Karhumäki (born 1949), Finnish mathematician and one of the students of Arto Salomaa

Urho Karhumäki (1891–1947), Finnish poet

Karhumäki brothers, consisted of Niilo and Valto Karhumäki, Finnish aircraft manufacturers, airline founders, and aviation pioneersOtherKarhumäki Karhu 48B, a Finnish 1950s four-seat monoplane

Karhumäki Airways, former name of Karair, a Finnish airline

Lake Kovzhskoye

Lake Kovzhskoye (Russian: Ковжское озеро) is a freshwater lake, located in the center of Vytegorsky District of Vologda Oblast in Russia. It is one of the biggest lakes in Vologda Oblast and the second biggest one in Vytegorsky District behind Lake Onega. The area of the lake is 65 square kilometres (25 sq mi), and the area of its basin is 438 square kilometres (169 sq mi). The main tributary of the lake is the Iles River. Lake Kovzhskoye is the source of Kovzha River, one of the principal tributaries of Lake Beloye. The lake belongs to the basins of the Volga and the Caspian Sea.

The lake has a complex shape, with one bay in the south and one more bay (Lake Lozskoye, where the source of the Kovzha is located) in the southwest. From the north, Lake Kuzhozero is adjacent to Lake Kovzhskoye.

The catchment area of Lake Kovzhskoye is relatively small, since the lake is located in the Andoma Hills. To the east of the lake, there is river basin of the Kema River, another tributary of Lake Beloye, and the areas to the north and to the west drain into Lake Onega.

Two villages, Loza and Yakshino, are located on the southern shore of the lake. Both are on the highway connecting Vologda with Medvezhyegorsk via Vytegra and Pudozh.

Lake Onega

Lake Onega (also known as Onego, Russian: Оне́жское о́зеро, tr. Onezhskoe ozero, IPA: [ɐˈnʲɛʂskəɪ ˈozʲɪrə]; Finnish: Ääninen or Äänisjärvi; Karelian: Oniegu or Oniegu-järve; Veps: Änine or Änižjärv) is a lake in the north-west European part of Russia, located on the territory of Republic of Karelia, Leningrad Oblast and Vologda Oblast. It belongs to the basin of the Baltic Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and is the second largest lake in Europe after Lake Ladoga. The lake is fed by about 50 rivers and is drained by the Svir River.

There are about 1,650 islands on the lake. They include Kizhi, which hosts a historical complex of 89 orthodox wooden churches and other wooden constructions of the 15th–20th centuries. The complex includes a UNESCO World Heritage site, Kizhi Pogost. Eastern shores of the lake contain about 1,200 petroglyphs (rock engravings) dated to the 4th–2nd millennia BC. The major cities on the lake are Petrozavodsk, Kondopoga and Medvezhyegorsk.

Lake Undozero

Lake Undozero (Russian: Ундозеро) is a freshwater lake, located in the west of Plesetsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia. It is one of the biggest lakes in Arkhangelsk Oblast and the second biggest one in Plesetsky District. The area of the lake is 44.7 square kilometres (17.3 sq mi), and the area of its basin is 709 square kilometres (274 sq mi). Lake Undozero is the source of the Undosha River, which belongs to the river basin the Onega River and thus to the White Sea basin.

The lake has a sophisticated shape and contains a number of islands. The source of the Undosha is in the south-western corner. The main tributary of the lake is the Lopa, which shortly upstream from the mouth accepts from the left a major tributary, the Yonza.

There are three villages on Lake Undozero, Skarlakhta, Pogost, and Mezen. Skarlakhta is connected by the railroad to the east via the settlement of Severoonezhsk with the railway station Puksa located on the railway line between Vologda and Arkhangelsk. The same railroad continues west to the village of Yangory. There have been plans to extend it west to Medvezhyegorsk, but these have never been realized. The railway belongs to the Department of corrections, and as a matter of fact, there are settlements around the village of Skarlakhta inhabited by convicted criminals who have previously served a part of their jail term. There is a regular passenger traffic on the railroad. There was an air field in Pogost. There are no all-season roads connecting Undozero with the main road network.

Undozero is popular as a starting point for rafting down the Undosha. Almost the whole course of the Undosha is not populated, with the exception of Lake Undozero and a number of villages close to its mouth at Lake Pochozero. (Downstream from Lake Pochozero, the Undosha changes its name to the Pocha and flows to Lake Kenozero). Therefore the rafters start in Skarlakhta and finish at Lake Kenozero. Before the railroad was constructed in the 1970s, the only way to get to Undozero for the rafters was to start in Severoonezhsk, take rafts upstream the Iksa, and them bring them to Undozero by land.

Medvezhyegorsky

Medvezhyegorsky (masculine), Medvezhyegorskaya (feminine), or Medvezhyegorskoye (neuter) may refer to:

Medvezhyegorsky District, a district of the Republic of Karelia, Russia

Medvezhyegorskoye Urban Settlement, a municipal formation which the town of Medvezhyegorsk and three rural localities in Medvezhyegorsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia are incorporated as

Medvezhyegorsky District

Medvezhyegorsky District (Russian: Медвежьего́рский райо́н; Karelian: Karhumäjen piiri) is an administrative district (raion), one of the fifteen in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the republic. The area of the district is 13,696 square kilometers (5,288 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Medvezhyegorsk. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 31,864, with the population of Medvezhyegorsk accounting for 48.7% of that number.

Mykola Kulish

Mykola Kulish (Ukrainian: Микола Гурович Куліш) (19 December 1892 – 3 November 1937) was a Ukrainian prose writer, playwright, pedagogue, veteran of World War I, and Red Army veteran. He is considered to be one of the lead figures of Executed Renaissance.

October Railway

The 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) broad gauge Oktyabrskaya Railway or October Railway (Russian: Октябрьская железная дорога), which forms part of RZD, is the oldest railway in Russia, located in the north-west of the country. It stretches from Moscow's Leningrad Terminal in the south to Murmansk beyond the Arctic Circle in the north. The total length of the lines is over 10,000 km. The headquarters of the railway are located in Saint Petersburg.

The first railway in Russia connecting Saint Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo, 27.9 km long, commissioned in 1837, is a part of the Oktyabrskaya Railway. So is the Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway, the second oldest and one of the most busy lines in Russia, opened in 1851. It also includes the main line towards Tallinn (as far as the Estonian border), providing the track for GO Rail trains to Saint Petersburg.

R21 highway (Russia)

The R21 highway (in Cyrillic Р21), also known as the Kola Motorway, is a major highway in Russia, running from Saint Petersburg to Murmansk. The highway is part of the E105 European route. The highway is the main transportation route by road in the Republic of Karelia and the Murmansk Oblast. Its length is 1592 kilometers.

Sandarmokh

Sandarmokh (Russian: Сандармо́х; Karelian: Sandarmoh) is a forest massif 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Medvezhyegorsk in the Republic of Karelia where thousands of victims of Stalin's Great Terror were executed. Over 9,000 people of more than 58 nationalities were shot and buried there in 236 communal pits over a 14-month period in 1937 and 1938.A thousand of the victims were from the Solovki special prison in the White Sea. It was long thought that the barges carrying them were deliberately sunk on the way to the mainland, drowning all the prisoners on board.

Today Sandarmokh is a memorial to the crimes of Stalin and his regime and since 1998 has been the focus of an international Day of Remembrance on 5 August every year.

Shunga, Republic of Karelia

Shunga is a large village in the Zaonezhie peninsula by Lake Putkozero in Russia's Republic of Karelia. It is part of Medvezhyegorsk District and is located around 50 km from the district capital, Medvezhyegorsk. The mineraloid Shungite is named after this village as it was first described based on deposits found nearby.

Suavjärvi crater

Suavjärvi (in Karelian, Russian: Суавъярви) is a lake and impact crater in the Republic of Karelia, Russia about 50 km north of the town of Medvezhyegorsk. The approximately 3 km wide Suavjärvi lake is located in the centre of the crater.

The crater is 16 km in diameter and it is estimated to be about 2.4 billion (2.4 x 109) years old, placing it in the Archean–Proterozoic boundary. That makes it the oldest known impact crater on Earth. Not much of the crater has survived, although some shock features like large blocks composed of impact breccia have been found.

Svir River

The Svir (Russian: Свирь, Veps: Süvär', Karelian/Finnish: Syväri) is a river in Podporozhsky, Lodeynopolsky, and Volkhovsky districts in the north-east of Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It flows westwards from Lake Onega to Lake Ladoga, thus connecting the two largest lakes of Europe. It is the largest river flowing into Lake Ladoga. The length of the Svir is 224 kilometres (139 mi), whereas the area of its drainage basin is 84,400 square kilometres (32,600 sq mi). The towns of Podporozhye and Lodeynoye Pole, as well as urban-type settlements Voznesenye, Nikolsky, Vazhiny, and Svirstroy are located at the banks of the Svir.

After Peter the Great connected the Svir with the Neva River by the Ladoga Canal in the 18th century, the river has been part of the Mariinsky Water System, currently the Volga–Baltic Waterway. The Onega Canal is a bypass of Lake Onega from the south, which connects the Svir with the Vytegra River. The Svir is heavily used for navigation, with both cargo traffic and cruise ships. There are two dams with hydroelectric power plants on the river. The Lower Svir Hydroelectric Station, in Svirstroy, sits 81 kilometres (50 mi) from the river's mouth while the Upper Svir Hydroelectric Station, located in Podporozhye, is 128 kilometres (80 mi) away. Above the Upper Svir Hydroelectric Station, the Svir is built as the Ivinsky Razliv Reservoir. Locks are built around both dams.

Since the Svir flows out of Lake Onega, its drainage basin occupies a vast area, spanning the south of the Republic of Karelia, the north and the east of Leningrad Oblast, the northwest of Vologda Oblast, and also includes minor areas in Arkhangelsk Oblast (the basin of the Ileksa River). The main tributaries of Svir proper are the Vazhinka River (right), the Oyat River (left), and the Pasha River (left). The main rivers in the basin of the Svir are the Suna River (the longest in the Svir basin), the Shuya River, the Vodla River, and the Vytegra River. The basin of the Svir also includes an enormous amount of freshwater lakes, the biggest of which, behind Lake Onega, are Lake Vodlozero, Lake Syamozero, Lake Gimolskoye, Lake Lizhmozero, and Lake Shotozero. The city of Petrozavodsk and the towns of Suoyarvi, Kondopoga, Medvezhyegorsk, Pudozh, Vytegra, Podporozhye, and Lodeynoye Pole, as well as a number of urban-type settlements, are located within the catchment area of the Svir.

The river flows past the Alexander-Svirsky Monastery, which used to house Svirlag (one of the most infamous gulags). The area around the river saw heavy fighting during the Continuation War 1941–1944.

The right bank of the lower Svir is occupied by the Nizhnesvirsky Nature Reserve, established in 1980.

White Sea–Baltic Canal

The White Sea–Baltic Canal (Russian: Беломо́рско-Балти́йский кана́л, Byelomorsko-Baltiyskiy kanal, BBK), often abbreviated to White Sea Canal (Belomorkanal) is a ship canal in Russia opened on 2 August 1933. It connects the White Sea, in the Arctic Ocean, with Lake Onega, which is further connected to the Baltic Sea. Until 1961, its original name was the Stalin White Sea–Baltic Canal (Belomorsko-Baltiyskiy Kanal imeni Stalina).

The canal was constructed by forced labor of gulag inmates. Beginning and ending with a labor force of 126,000, between 12,000 and 25,000 laborers died according to official records, and accounts in the works of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.The canal runs partially along several canalized rivers and Lake Vygozero. The total length of the route is 227 kilometers (141 mi). As of 2008, the canal sees only light traffic, carrying between ten and forty boats per day. Its economic advantages are limited by its minimal depth of 3.5 m (11.5 ft), inadequate for most sea-going vessels. The canal was originally proposed to be 5.4 m (17.7 ft) deep; however, various cost issues forced completion to a much lesser depth. This depth typically corresponds to river craft with deadweight cargo up to 600 t, while useful sea going vessels of 2,000–3,000 dwt typically have drafts of 4.5–6 m (15–20 ft).

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