Medininagar

Medininagar, previously known as Daltonganj, is a City municipal corporation in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the headquarters of Palamu division and Palamu district, as well as the subdivision and block of the same name. The city is situated on the banks of the North Koel River.[1]

डालटनगंज
Daltonganj
Metropolitan City
Daltonganj
Daltonganj
डालटनगंज
Location of Daltonganj in Jharkhand
Coordinates: 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°ECoordinates: 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E
Country  India
State Jharkhand
Division Palamu
District Palamu
Established 1880
Founded by Edward Tuite Dalton
Named for Edward Tuite Dalton
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation (नगर निगम)
 • Body Medininagar Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Aruna Shankar BJP
 • Deputy Mayor Mangal Singh BJP
 • MLA Alok Chaurasia (B.J.P)
 • MP B.D. Ram (B.J.P)
Area
 • Total 150 km2 (60 sq mi)
Elevation 215 m (705 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,89,307
 • Rank 5th in Jharkhand
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC5:30)
PIN 822101
telephone 06562
Vehicle registration JH 03 : BR 15 (Discontinued)
Literacy 84%
Languages Magahi, Santali, English,Hindi, Punjabi and Bhojpuri
Website www.palamu.nic.in

Origin of name

The city was named Daltonganj during the British Raj after Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton (1815–1880), an anthropologist and the commissioner of Chota Nagpur in 1861.[2]

History

The Chero dynasty ruled this region for a long period. The most famous among Chero rulers was Raja Medini Rai. Palamau Fort and Shahpur Fort are major historical landmarks in this area.

Geography

Daltonganj is located at 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 215 m (705 ft).

The famous Betla National Park is located about 26 km from the city. This park is well known for tigers, and comes under the Palamau Tiger Project. Another scenic picnic spot nearby is Kechki, located about 18 km from Daltonganj, at the cofluence of the Koel River and the Auranga River. Netarhat, a scenic plateau covered with thick forests, is also situated near Daltonganj. It is a popular summer resort known for its picturesque sunrise and sunset.

Transport

Daltonganj railway station is a railway station for Medininagar.

Daltonganj is located 1,036 kilometres (644 mi) south east of New Delhi and is accessible by train to Daltonganj Railway station (DTO) from Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Kota, Bhopal Junction, Delhi, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Varanasi and Gaya. The nearest airport is 165 kilometres (103 mi) away in Ranchi. It has an airport in Chianki, used occasionally by visiting dignitaries.

Daltonganj is well connected with Patna, Ranchi, Kolkata, Durgapur, Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Delhi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Kota, Kanpur and Gaya etc. by road.

Demographics

As of 2014 India census,[4] Daltonganj had a population of 619,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Daltonganj has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 81% and, female literacy is 80%. In Daltonganj, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Health

The government run hospital in the area is the Sadar hospital.Sadar hospital has now become a better and modern hospital with best facilities. People are usually very less referred to nearby citie hospital like Sadar Hospital, Ranchi or Patna for better care but Daltonganj Sadar hospital now takes better care of patients. There are a few private hospitals in the area for primary health care.

Climate

Daltonganj has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Climate data for Daltonganj
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.6
(92.5)
36.1
(97)
40.6
(105.1)
43.5
(110.3)
47.6
(117.7)
45.9
(114.6)
42.1
(107.8)
40.0
(104)
39.5
(103.1)
39.8
(103.6)
36.3
(97.3)
31.3
(88.3)
47.6
(117.7)
Average high °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
27.2
(81)
33.5
(92.3)
38.8
(101.8)
40.9
(105.6)
38.5
(101.3)
33.2
(91.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.7
(90.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.2
(84.6)
25.5
(77.9)
32.4
(90.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
24.6
(76.3)
30.2
(86.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
28.4
(83.1)
26.1
(79)
21.8
(71.2)
17.4
(63.3)
25.7
(78.3)
Average low °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.0
(75.2)
20.1
(68.2)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
19
(66.1)
Record low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
1.3
(34.3)
7.7
(45.9)
14.4
(57.9)
18.2
(64.8)
19.9
(67.8)
21.1
(70)
21.7
(71.1)
18.2
(64.8)
13.0
(55.4)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
1.3
(34.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
29
(1.14)
14
(0.55)
20
(0.79)
34
(1.34)
158
(6.22)
356
(14.02)
290
(11.42)
206
(8.11)
66
(2.6)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
1,205
(47.44)
Average precipitation days 1.9 2.9 1.8 1.7 3.6 8.3 18.7 17.1 12.8 4.4 0.8 1.2 75.2
Average relative humidity (%) 65 56 44 37 39 58 78 80 77 69 67 67 61
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[5]

Culture

Major Hindu, Muslim and Sikh festivals are celebrated in Daltonganj. Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims celebrate muharram, Guru Nanak Jayanti and chhath together. The town is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Daltonganj. The town has several societies, clubs, and NGOs including Palamau Club, Rotary Club and Rida Foundation.[6] The upcoming Bollywood movie Nastik starring Arjun Rampal was shot in Medininagar.[7]

Temples

Vishnu Mandir is a temple situated in the heart of Daltonganj. It was built by Vishnu Sahu in 1936.

Hanuman Mandir is a temple situated in the center of Daltonganj main market. Many people come here to worship Hanuman on Tuesday and Saturday. There is a sweet shop inside this temple where people can buy prasad. The whole street is called Mahabir Mandir Road.

Kali Mandir is a very old and famous temple situated in the center of Daltonganj Redma Chauk. Just hundred meter from the main chock, this temple draws devotees and visitors from surrounding and far areas. Many people come here to Poojan specially on Tuesday and Saturday. There is a Prasad shop inside this temple where people can buy prasad. The whole street is called Kali Mandir, By pass Road Daltonganj.

  • Shani Mandir, near Sadar Hospital.
  • Surya Mandir in Hamidganj.
  • 3 Shiv Mandir in Abadganj.
  • Old Durga Badi Temple beside Koyal River
  • Durga Badi Mandir at Jailhata Chowk.
  • Shiv Mandir at Bairia Chowk.
  • Gayatri Mandir in Sudna.
  • Jain Mandir near Panchmuhan Chowk.

Mosques

  • Jama Masjid, (Bari Masjid) at 6 Muhan Chowk
  • Chhoti Masjid, at Chowk Bazar
  • Millat Masjid, at Kund Mohalla
  • Noori Masjid, at Paharai Mohalla
  • Madina Masjid, at Muslim Nagar
  • Hera Masjid, at Nawatoli

Education

The only university in Daltonganj is Nilamber-Pitamber University, created on the January 2009.[8][9] The Chief Minister of Jharkhand declared that the Nilamber-Pitamber University would be set up in Medininagar (Daltonganj) in 2001.[10] There are 66 primary schools, 30 middle schools, 17 Navsirijit schools, 10 high schools and 1 Engineering College in the Daltonganj block.[11] The main colleges in Daltonganj include:

  • DAV Engineering College
  • GLA College
  • Women's College (Old Garhwa Road, Kund mohalla)
  • BN College
  • Janta Shivratri College
  • Rastriya Institute of Information Technology, Redma near Kali Mandir (RIIT)
  • ITI Belwatika

The major libraries in the town include:

  • Madarsa AHSON ULUM (Old Garhwa Road, Kund mohalla)
  • Marwari Library (Kanni Ram Chowk)
  • Central Library (Sahitya Samaj Chowk)
  • Urdu Library (Badi Masjid Road, Chhah Muhan Chowk)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Administrative Unit - Palamu".
  2. ^ "Daltonganj". University of Swansea. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Daltonganj
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  5. ^ "Medininagar (Daltonganj) Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
  6. ^ "Rotary Club Profile:Daltonganj". Rotary International. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  7. ^ "Puff penalty for Rampal". The Telegraph.
  8. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-02-03/ranchi/36720999_1_nilamber-pitamber-university-land-acquisition-process-firoz-ahmad
  9. ^ "Nilamber-Pitamber University". Retrieved 2012-12-27.
  10. ^ "Chapter IX: Social Services". Jharkhand Draft Annual Plan 2001 - 2002. Archived from the original on 2005-03-12. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
  11. ^ "Palamu District: Education Profile". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-10.

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