Medininagar

Medininagar is a city municipal corporation in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the headquarters of Palamu division and Palamu district, as well as the subdivision and block of the same name. The city is situated on the banks of the North Koel River.[1]

Medininagar
Medininagar
Medininagar
Medininagar
Location of Medininagar in Jharkhand
Coordinates: 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°ECoordinates: 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E
Country India
StateJharkhand
DivisionPalamu
DistrictPalamu
Established1880
Founded byEdward Tuite Dalton
Named forKing Medini Ray
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyMedininagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorAruna Shankar BJP
 • Deputy MayorMangal Singh BJP
 • MLAAlok Chaurasia (BJP)
 • MPB.D. Ram (B.J.P)
Area
 • Total150 km2 (60 sq mi)
Elevation
215 m (705 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total3,89,307
 • Rank5th in Jharkhand
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English
Time zoneUTC5:30 (IST)
PIN
822101
telephone06562
Vehicle registrationJH-03
Literacy84%
LanguagesMagahi, Hindi, English, Nagpuri and Bhojpuri
Websitewww.palamu.nic.in

Origin of name

The city was named Daltonganj during the British Raj after Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton (1815–1880), an anthropologist and the commissioner of Chota Nagpur in 1861. The name was changed after it became a municipal corporation in April 2018. It is now named Medininagar after its great ruler Raja Medini Ray[2]

History

The Chero dynasty ruled this region for a long period. The most famous among Chero rulers was Raja Medini Ray. Palamau Fort and Shahpur Fort are major historical landmarks in this area.

Geography

Medininagar is located at 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 215 m (705 ft).

The famous Betla National Park is located about 20 km from the city. This park is well known for tigers, and comes under the Palamau Tiger Project. Another scenic picnic spot nearby is Kechki, located about 18 km from Daltonganj, at the cofluence of the Koel River and the Auranga River. Netarhat, a scenic plateau covered with thick forests, is also situated near Daltonganj. It is a popular summer resort known for its picturesque sunrise and sunset.

Transport

Daltonganj railway station is a railway station for Medininagar.

Medininagar is located 1,036 kilometres (644 mi) south east of New Delhi and is accessible by train to Daltonganj Railway station (DTO) from Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Kota, Bhopal Junction, Delhi, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Varanasi and Gaya.Delhi Ranchi Rajdhani Express also stops in DTO. The nearest airport is 165 kilometres (103 mi) away in Ranchi. It has an airport in Chianki, used occasionally by visiting dignitaries.

Medininagar is well connected with Patna, Ranchi, Raipur, Ambikapur, Kolkata, Durgapur, Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Delhi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Kota, Kanpur and Gaya etc. by road.

Demographics

As of 2014 India census,[4] Medininagar had a population of 619,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Medininagar has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 81% and, female literacy is 80%. In Medininagar, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Health

The government run hospital in the area is the Sadar hospital. Sadar hospital has now become a better and modern hospital with best facilities. People are usually very less referred to nearby cities like Sadar Hospital, Ranchi or Patna for better care but Medininagar Sadar hospital now takes better care of patients. Seva Sadan is one of the best private hospitals in the city with all modern facilities. There are a few more private hospitals in the area for primary health care.

Climate

Daltonganj has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Climate data for Daltonganj
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.6
(92.5)
36.1
(97)
40.6
(105.1)
43.5
(110.3)
47.6
(117.7)
45.9
(114.6)
42.1
(107.8)
40.0
(104)
39.5
(103.1)
39.8
(103.6)
36.3
(97.3)
31.3
(88.3)
47.6
(117.7)
Average high °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
27.2
(81)
33.5
(92.3)
38.8
(101.8)
40.9
(105.6)
38.5
(101.3)
33.2
(91.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.7
(90.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.2
(84.6)
25.5
(77.9)
32.4
(90.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
24.6
(76.3)
30.2
(86.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
28.4
(83.1)
26.1
(79)
21.8
(71.2)
17.4
(63.3)
25.7
(78.3)
Average low °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.0
(75.2)
20.1
(68.2)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
19
(66.1)
Record low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
1.3
(34.3)
7.7
(45.9)
14.4
(57.9)
18.2
(64.8)
19.9
(67.8)
21.1
(70)
21.7
(71.1)
18.2
(64.8)
13.0
(55.4)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
1.3
(34.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.5)
29
(1.1)
14
(0.6)
20
(0.8)
34
(1.3)
158
(6.2)
356
(14)
290
(11.4)
206
(8.1)
66
(2.6)
9
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
1,205
(47.4)
Average precipitation days 1.9 2.9 1.8 1.7 3.6 8.3 18.7 17.1 12.8 4.4 0.8 1.2 75.2
Average relative humidity (%) 65 56 44 37 39 58 78 80 77 69 67 67 61
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[5]

Culture

Major Hindu, Muslim and Sikh festivals are celebrated in Medininagar. Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims celebrate Muharram,Eid-ul-Fitr, Guru Nanak Jayanti and Chhath together. The town is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Medininagar. The town has several societies, clubs, and NGOs including Palamau Club, Rotary Club and Rida Foundation.[6] The upcoming Bollywood movie Nastik starring Arjun Rampal was shot in Medininagar.[7]

Temples

Vishnu Mandir is a temple situated in the heart of Medininagar. It was built by Vishnu Sahu in 1936.

Hanuman Mandir is a temple situated in the center of Medininagar main market. Many people come here to worship Hanuman on Tuesday and Saturday. There is a sweet shop inside this temple where people can buy prasad. The whole street is called Mahabir Mandir Road.

Kali Mandir is a very old and famous temple situated in the center of Medininagar Redma Chauk. Just hundred meter from the main chock, this temple draws devotees and visitors from surrounding and far areas. Many people come here to Poojan specially on Tuesday and Saturday. There is a Prasad shop inside this temple where people can buy prasad. The whole street is called Kali Mandir, By pass Road Medininagar.

  • Shani Mandir, near Sadar Hospital.
  • Surya Mandir in Hamidganj.
  • 3 Shiv Mandir in Abadganj.
  • Old Durga Badi Temple beside Koyal River
  • Durga Badi Mandir at Jailhata Chowk.
  • Shiv Mandir at Bairia Chowk.
  • Gayatri Mandir in Sudna.
  • Jain Mandir near Panchmuhan Chowk.
  • kamnapurti shiv shakti shiv mandirbudha tetar redma by(tiwary samaj) tiwary784

Mosques

  • Jama Masjid, (Badi Masjid) at 6 Muhan Chowk
  • Chhoti Masjid, at Chowk Bazar
  • Millat Masjid, at Kund Mohalla
  • Noori Masjid, at Pahaadi Mohalla
  • Madina Masjid, at Muslim Nagar
  • Hera Masjid, at Nawatoli

Education

The only university in Medininagar is Nilamber-Pitamber University, created on the January 2009.[8][9] The Chief Minister of Jharkhand declared that the Nilamber-Pitamber University would be set up in Medininagar in 2001.[10] There are 66 primary schools, 30 middle schools, 17 Navsirijit schools, 10 high schools, 1 Engineering College, 1 Law College and 2 B.Ed Colleges in the Medininagar block.[11]

The main colleges in Medininagar include:

  • DAV Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • GLA College
  • Women's College (Old Garhwa Road, Kund mohalla)
  • BN College
  • Janta Shivratri College
  • Bhishma Narain Singh Law College
  • Elite B.Ed. College
  • Jyoti Prakash B.Ed. College
  • Rastriya Institute of Information Technology, Redma near Kali Mandir (RIIT)
  • ITI Belwatika

The major private schools in Medininagar include:

  • M.K. DAV Public School, Chianki (CBSE)
  • Sacred Heart School, Chianki (ICSE)
  • Heritage International School (CBSE)
  • VPM Gyan Niketan School (CBSE)
  • Elite Public School (CBSE)
  • Rotary Public School (CBSE)
  • Bright Land School (CBSE)
  • Mata Draupadi Namdhari Guru Gobind Singh Public School (CBSE)

The major libraries in the town include:

  • Madarsa AHSON ULUM (Old Garhwa Road, Kund mohalla)
  • Marwari Library (Kanni Ram Chowk)
  • Central Library (Sahitya Samaj Chowk)
  • Urdu Library (Badi Masjid Road, Chhah Muhan Chowk)
  • Bcc Mission girls high school ( Abadganj)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Administrative Unit - Palamu". Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  2. ^ "Daltonganj". University of Swansea. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Daltonganj
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  5. ^ "Medininagar (Daltonganj) Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
  6. ^ "Rotary Club Profile:Daltonganj". Rotary International. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  7. ^ "Puff penalty for Rampal". The Telegraph.
  8. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-02-03/ranchi/36720999_1_nilamber-pitamber-university-land-acquisition-process-firoz-ahmad
  9. ^ "Nilamber-Pitamber University". Retrieved 2012-12-27.
  10. ^ "Chapter IX: Social Services". Jharkhand Draft Annual Plan 2001 - 2002. Archived from the original on 2005-03-12. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
  11. ^ "Palamu District: Education Profile". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-10.

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