Medeiros e Albuquerque

José Joaquim de Campos da Costa de Medeiros e Albuquerque (September 4, 1867 – June 9, 1934) was a Brazilian poet, politician, teacher, journalist, short story writer, civil servant, essayist, orator, novelist and dramatist. He is famous for writing the lyrics of the Brazilian Republic Anthem in 1890.

He founded and occupied the 22nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1897 until his death in 1934.

He was also the President of the Academy in 1923.

Medeiros e Albuquerque
Medeiros e Albuquerque, sem data
BornJosé Joaquim de Campos da Costa de Medeiros e Albuquerque
4 September 1867
Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
Died9 June 1934 (aged 66)
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Pen nameArmando Quevedo
OccupationPoet, politician, teacher, journalist, short story writer, civil servant, essayist, orator, novelist, dramatist, comedian
Notable worksBrazilian Republic Anthem


Albuquerque was born in 1867 in Recife, Pernambuco, the son of Dr. José Joaquim de Campos de Medeiros e Albuquerque. Initially homeschooled by his mother, he studied at the Colégio Pedro II and later in Lisbon. Returning to Brazil, he studied natural history with Émil Goeldi and was tutored by Sílvio Romero. He initially worked as a primary teacher, getting in contact with famous writers such as Francisco de Paula Ney and Pardal Mallet. In 1889 he published his first poetry books: Pecados and Canções da Decadência, of strong Symbolist influence.

In 1888 he worked for the newspaper Novidades alongside Alcindo Guanabara, defending Abolitionist ideals. With the proclamation of the Republic in Brazil, he was nominated a secretary by Aristides Lobo and a minister by Benjamin Constant Botelho de Magalhães. From 1890 onwards he became a teacher for the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes and wrote the lyrics of the Brazilian Republic Anthem.

He was a convicted atheist for most of his life, but he converted to catholicism later in life.[1]

During his last years of life, he would write for many newspapers, using pen names such as Armando Quevedo, Atasius Noll, J. dos Santos, Max and Rifiúfio Singapura.

He died in 1934.



  • Pecados (1889)
  • Canções da Decadência (1889)
  • Poesias 1893—1901 (1904)
  • Fim (1922)
  • Poemas Sem Versos (1924)
  • Quando Eu Falava de Amor (1933)

Short stories


  • Marta (1920)
  • Mistério (co-authorship — 1921)
  • Laura (1933)

Theatre plays

  • O Escândalo (1910)
  • Teatro Meu... E dos Outros (1923)

Essays and conferences

  • Em Voz Alta (1909)
  • O Silêncio É de Ouro (1912)
  • Pontos de Vista (1913)
  • Literatura Alheia (1914)
  • Páginas de Crítica (1920)
  • O Hipnotismo (1921)
  • Graves e Fúteis (1922)
  • Homens e Coisas da Academia (1934)
  • A Obra de Júlio Dantas (n.d.)

Memoirs and travel accounts

  • Por Alheias Terras... (1931)
  • Minha Vida: Da Infância à Mocidade (1867—1893) (1933)
  • Minha Vida: Da Mocidade à Velhice (1893—1934) (1934)


  1. ^ Celso, Vitor. "Quando eu era vivo: O enfoque pelicular da história vista pelo memorialista Medeiros e Albuquerque (1867-1934)" (PDF). UNIOESTE.

External links

Preceded by
José Bonifácio the Younger (patron)
Brazilian Academy of Letters - Occupant of the 22nd chair

1897 — 1934
Succeeded by
Miguel Osório de Almeida
Preceded by
Afrânio Peixoto
President of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
Succeeded by
Afrânio Peixoto
1923 in Brazil

Events in the year 1923 in Brazil.

1934 in Brazil

Events in the year 1934 in Brazil.

Adelmar Tavares

Adelmar Tavares da Silva (Recife, February 16, 1888 – June 20, 1963 Rio de Janeiro) was a lawyer, magistrate, jurist, professor and poet from Recife. He was a member of Brazilian Societies devoted to criminology and law. As a poet he was respected with several of his poems becoming songs. In 1948 he became President of the Academia Brasileira de Letras.

Alberto da Costa e Silva

Alberto da Costa e Silva (born 12 May 1931, in São Paulo) is a Brazilian historian, poet and former diplomat. He won the 2014 Camões Prize.

Alfredo Bosi

Alfredo Bosi (São Paulo, August 23, 1936) is a Brazilian historian, literary critic, and professor. He is member of the Academia Brasileira de Letras (Brazilian Academy of Letters), occupying Chair number 12. One of his most famous books is "História Concisa da Literatura Brasileira" (Brief History of Brazilian Literature), widely used in Brazilian universities in literature courses. Bosi also wrote several studies about Italian literature and about major Brazilian writers as well as essays on the field of hermeneutics.

Brazilian National Anthem

The "Brazilian National Anthem" (Portuguese: Hino Nacional Brasileiro) was composed by Francisco Manuel da Silva in 1831 and had been given at least two sets of unofficial lyrics before a 1922 decree by President Epitácio Pessoa gave the anthem its definitive, official lyrics, by Joaquim Osório Duque-Estrada, after several changes were made to his proposal, written in 1909.

The anthem's lyrics have been described as Parnassian in style and Romantic in content.

Brazilian Republic Anthem

The "Brazilian Republic Anthem", also known as the "Anthem of the Proclamation of the Republic" is a Brazilian song commemorating the Proclamation of the Republic in Brazil by the 15 November 1889 military coup d'état that abolished the Brazilian Monarchy. It was composed by Leopoldo Miguez (1850–1902), with lyrics by Medeiros e Albuquerque (1867–1934). It was published in an official document on January 21, 1890.

Carlos de Laet

Carlos Maximiliano Pimenta de Laet (October 3, 1847 – December 7, 1927) was a journalist, professor and poet from Brazil.

Fernando Magalhães

Fernando Magalhães (February 18, 1878 – January 10, 1944) was a Brazilian obstetrician who was twice President of the Academia Brasileira de Letras.

Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda

Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda (April 23, 1892 – December 22, 1979) was a prominent Brazilian jurist, judge, diplomat and professor of Law at the Federal University of Pernambuco. He occupied the 7th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters in 1979, until his death.

He is best known for the extent of his works, which covers several areas of knowledge, including Law, Sociology, Philosophy, Politics and Mathematics, and were published in Portuguese, German, French, Spanish and Italian.

Francisco de Assis Barbosa

Francisco de Assis Barbosa (Guaratinguetá, January 21, 1914 – Rio de Janeiro, December 8, 1991) was a Brazilian biographer, essayist, historian, and journalist. He was a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

José Bonifácio the Younger

José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva (November 8, 1827 – October 26, 1886) was a French-born Brazilian poet, teacher and senator. He is known as "the Younger" (Portuguese: O Moço) to distinguish him from his grand-uncle, José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva, "the Elder" or "the Patriarch", a famous statesman who was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence.

He is the patron of the 22nd chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, and of the 7th chair of the Paulista Academy of Letters.

Merval Pereira

Merval Pereira is a Brazilian journalist, political columnist and commentator for O Globo, CBN News and Globo News cable television.

Miguel Osório de Almeida

Miguel Osório de Almeida (September 1, 1890; December 2, 1952. both in Rio de Janeiro) was a noted Brazilian physician and scientist, brother of another scientist, Álvaro Osório de Almeida, both considered the fathers of modern physiology in Brazil.

He studied medicine at the Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro which presently is part of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. He was the chairman of physiology of the School of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine of Rio de Janeiro and of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, the dean of the Universidade do Rio de Janeiro and member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

He was author or co-author of several important studies on neurophysiology. He received the "Einstein Award" by the Brazilian Academy of Sciences and the "Sicard Prize" by the French Academy of Medicine in Paris. He was also one of the inspirers of the foundation of the Brazilian Society of Physiology (1957) and a member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences.

Mário Palmério

Mário de Ascenção Palmério (born 1 March 1916) was a Brazilian politician and writer, who was born in Monte Carmelo, Minas Gerais. He died at Uberaba, Minas Gerais, in 1996.

Otto Lara Resende

Otto Lara Resende (1 May 1922 – 28 December 1992) was a Brazilian journalist and writer.

Paulo Setúbal

Paulo de Oliveira Leite Setúbal (January 1, 1893 – May 4, 1937) was a Brazilian writer, lawyer, journalist, essayist and poet.

He occupied the 31st chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1934 until his death in 1937.

Rachel de Queiroz

Rachel de Queiroz (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʁaˈkɛw d(ʒ)i ˈkejˈɾɔs], November 17, 1910 – November 4, 2003) was a Brazilian author, translator and journalist.

Patrons and members of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
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11 to 20
21 to 30
31 to 40

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