McLaren

McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Formula One constructor but also competes in the Indianapolis 500 and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am). The team is the second oldest active Formula One team after Ferrari, where they compete as McLaren F1 Team. They are the second most successful team in Formula One history after Ferrari, having won 182 races, 12 Drivers' Championships and eight Constructors' Championships. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group.

Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest initial success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.

In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and shortly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team. This began the team's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Drivers' Championships and the team took six Constructors' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant—together they won all but one race in 1988—but later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent challenge during this period, the two winning every constructors' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had moved to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships came in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008.

Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz. The team raced as McLaren-Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020.

United Kingdom McLaren-Renault
McLaren logo
Full nameMcLaren F1 Team
BaseMcLaren Technology Centre
Woking, Surrey, United Kingdom
51°20′45″N 0°32′52″W / 51.34583°N 0.54778°WCoordinates: 51°20′45″N 0°32′52″W / 51.34583°N 0.54778°W
Team principal(s)Zak Brown
(Chief Executive Officer)
Andreas Seidl
(Team Principal)
Technical director(s)James Key
Founder(s)Bruce McLaren
Websitewww.mclaren.com/racing
2019 Formula One World Championship
Race drivers4. United Kingdom Lando Norris[1]
55. Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.[2]
Test driversBrazil Sérgio Sette Câmara[3]
ChassisMCL34[4]
EngineRenault E-Tech 19[5]
TyresPirelli
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1966 Monaco Grand Prix
Latest entry2019 British Grand Prix
Races entered856 (852 starts)
Constructors'
Championships
8 (1974, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1998)
Drivers'
Championships
12 (1974, 1976, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1998, 1999, 2008)
Race victories182
Points5,268.5
Pole positions155
Fastest laps155[nb 1]
2018 position6th (62 pts)
United Kingdom McLaren Racing
Principal (s)Zak Brown
BaseWoking, Surrey, United Kingdom
SeriesIndyCar Series
Race drivers66. Spain Fernando Alonso
ManufacturerChevrolet
Career
Debut1970 Indianapolis 500 (Indianapolis)
Latest race2017 Indianapolis 500 (Indianapolis)
Indy 500 victories2 (1974, 1976)
Race victories18
Pole positions17

Origins

McLarenBruce
The McLaren Racing team's founder Bruce McLaren

Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren.[6] Bruce was a works driver for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Championship. Wanting to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, but when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman rules, Bruce decided to set up his own team to run him and his prospective Formula One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars.[7]

Bruce won the 1964 series, but Mayer was killed in practice for the final race at the Longford Circuit in Tasmania. When Bruce McLaren approached Teddy Mayer to help him with the purchase of the Zerex sports car from Roger Penske, Teddy Mayer and Bruce McLaren began discussing a business partnership resulting in Teddy Mayer buying in to Bruce McLaren Motor Racing Limited (BMMR) ultimately becoming its largest shareholder.[8][9] The team was based in Feltham in 1963–1964, and from 1965 until 1981 in Colnbrook, England.[10] The team also held the British licence.[11] Despite this, Bruce never used the traditional British racing green on his cars. Instead, he used colour schemes that were not based on national principles (e.g. his first car, the McLaren M2B, was painted white with a green stripe, to represent a fictional Yamura team in John Frankenheimer's film Grand Prix).[12]

During this period, Bruce drove for his team in sports car races in the United Kingdom and North America and also entered the 1965 Tasman Series with Phil Hill, but did not win it.[13] He continued to drive in Grands Prix for Cooper, but judging that team's form to be waning, decided to race his own cars in 1966.[14]

Racing history: Formula One

Early days (1966–1967)

McLaren M2B Donington
The McLaren M2B the team's first Formula One car
McLarenBruce19690801
The McLaren M7A of 1968 gave McLaren their first Formula One wins. It is driven here by Bruce McLaren at the Nürburgring in 1969.

Bruce McLaren made the team's Grand Prix debut at the 1966 Monaco race (of the current Formula One teams only Ferrari is older[15][nb 2]).[6] His race ended after nine laps due to a terminal oil leak.[17] The 1966 car was the M2B designed by Robin Herd, but the programme was hampered by a poor choice of engines: a 3.0-litre version of Ford's Indianapolis 500 engine and a Serenissima V8 were used, the latter scoring the team's first point in Britain, but both were underpowered and unreliable.[14][17] For 1967 Bruce decided to use a British Racing Motors (BRM) V12 engine, but due to delays with the engine, was forced initially to use a modified Formula Two car called the M4B powered by a 2.1-litre BRM V8, later building a similar but slightly larger car called the M5A for the V12.[17] Neither car brought great success, the best result being a fourth at Monaco.

McLaren logo (original)
McLaren's original logo was designed by Michael Turner and featured a kiwi bird, a New Zealand icon.[18][19]

Ford-Cosworth DFV engines (1968–1982)

For 1968, after driving McLaren's sole entry for the previous two years, Bruce was joined by 1967 champion and fellow New Zealander Denny Hulme, who was already racing for McLaren in Can-Am.[20][21] That year's new M7A car, Herd's final design for the team, was powered by Cosworth's new and soon to be ubiquitous DFV engine[22][23] (the DFV would go on to be used by McLaren until 1983) and with it a major upturn in form proceeded. Bruce won the Race of Champions at the Brands Hatch circuit and Hulme won the International Trophy at Silverstone, both non-championship races,[24] before Bruce took the team's first championship win at the Belgian Grand Prix.[25] Hulme also won the Italian and Canadian Grands Prix later in the year, helping the team to second in the Constructors' Championship. Using an updated 'C' version on the M7,[26] a further three podium finishes followed for Bruce in 1969, but the team's fifth win had to wait until the last race of the 1969 championship when Hulme won the Mexican Grand Prix. That year, McLaren experimented with four-wheel drive in the M9A, but the car had only a single outing driven by Derek Bell at the British Grand Prix; Bruce described driving it as like "trying to write your signature with somebody jogging your elbow".[27]

The year 1970 started with a second place each for Hulme and Bruce in the first two Grands Prix, but in June, Bruce was killed in a crash at Goodwood while testing the new M8D Can-Am car.[26] After his death, Teddy Mayer took over effective control of the team;[9] Hulme continued with Dan Gurney and Peter Gethin partnering him. Gurney won the first two Can-Am events at Mosport and St. Jovite and placed ninth in the third, but left the team mid-season, and Gethin took over from there. While 1971 began promisingly when Hulme led the opening round in South Africa before retiring with broken suspension,[28] ultimately Hulme, Gethin (who left for BRM mid-season,[29]) and Jackie Oliver again failed to score a win. The 1972 season saw improvements though: Hulme won the team's first Grand Prix for two-and-a-half years in South Africa and he and Peter Revson scored ten other podiums, the team finishing third in the Constructors' Championship. McLaren gave Jody Scheckter his Formula One debut at the final race at Watkins Glen.[29] All McLaren drivers used the Ford-Cosworth engines, except for Andrea de Adamich and Nanni Galli who used engines from Alfa Romeo in 1970.

Emerson Fittipaldi McLaren M23 1974 Britain
Emerson Fittipaldi won the 1974 Drivers' Championship with McLaren.

The McLaren M23, designed by Gordon Coppuck, was the team's new car for the 1973 season.[29] Sharing parts of the design of both McLaren's Formula One M19 and Indianapolis M16 cars (itself inspired by Lotus's 72),[30] it was a mainstay for four years.[31] Hulme won with it in Sweden and Revson took the only Grand Prix wins of his career in Britain and Canada. In 1974, Emerson Fittipaldi, world champion with Lotus two years earlier, joined McLaren.[32] Hulme, in his final Formula One campaign,[33] won the Argentinian season-opener; Fittipaldi, with wins in Brazil, Belgium and Canada, took the Drivers' Championship. It was a close fight for Fittipaldi, who secured the title with a fourth at the season-ending United States Grand Prix, putting him three points ahead of Ferrari's Clay Regazzoni. With Hulme and multiple motorcycle world champion Mike Hailwood, he also sealed McLaren's first Constructors' Championship. The year 1975 was less successful for the team: Fittipaldi was second in the championship behind Niki Lauda. Hulme's replacement Jochen Mass took his sole GP win in Spain.

At the end of 1975, Fittipaldi left to join his brother's Fittipaldi/Copersucar team.[32] With the top drivers already signed to other teams, Mayer turned to James Hunt, a driver on whom biographer Gerald Donaldson reflected as having "a dubious reputation".[34] In 1976, Lauda was again strong in his Ferrari; at midseason, he led the championship with 56 points whilst Hunt had only 26 despite wins in Spain (a race from which he was initially disqualified[35]) and France. At the German Grand Prix, though, Lauda crashed heavily, was nearly killed, and missed the next two races.[36] Hunt capitalised by winning four more Grands Prix giving him a three-point deficit going into the finale in Japan. Here it rained torentially, Lauda retired because of safety concerns, and Hunt sealed the Drivers' Championship by finishing third.[35] McLaren, though, lost the Constructors' Championship to Ferrari.

In 1977, the M23 was gradually replaced with the M26, the M23's final works outing being Gilles Villeneuve's Formula One debut with the team in a one-off appearance at the British Grand Prix.[37][38] Hunt won on three occasions that year, but the Lauda and Ferrari combination proved too strong, Hunt and McLaren managing just fifth and third in the respective championships. From there, results continued to worsen. Lotus and Mario Andretti took the 1978 titles with their 78 and 79 ground-effect cars[39] and neither Hunt nor Mass's replacement Patrick Tambay were able to seriously challenge with the nonground-effect M26.[40] Hunt was dropped at the end of 1978 in favour of Lotus's Ronnie Peterson, but when Peterson was killed by a crash at the Italian Grand Prix, John Watson was signed, instead.[41] No improvement occurred in 1979; Coppuck's M28 design was described by Mayer as "ghastly, a disaster" and "quite diabolical" and the M29 did little to change the situation.[41] Tambay scored no points and Watson only 15 to place the team eighth at the end of the year.

Lauda McLaren MP4-2 1984 Dallas F1
Five years after his first retirement, Lauda won his third title driving a McLaren MP4/2.
ProstAlain McLarenMP4-2B 1985
Alain Prost, pictured here at the 1985 German Grand Prix, won three Drivers' Championships with McLaren.
Ayrton Senna 1988 Canada
Equipped with Honda engines and the driving strength of Prost and Ayrton Senna for 1988, McLaren dominated the season, winning all but one race. Senna won his first world championship after a season-long battle with Prost.

The 1980s started much as the 1970s had ended: Alain Prost took over from Tambay[42] but Watson and he rarely scored points. Under increasing pressure since the previous year from principal sponsor Philip Morris and their executive John Hogan, Mayer was coerced into merging McLaren with Ron Dennis's Project Four Formula Two team, also sponsored by Philip Morris.[43][44] Dennis had designer John Barnard who, inspired by the carbon-fibre rear wings of the BMW M1 race cars that Project Four was preparing, had ideas for an innovative Formula One chassis constructed from carbon-fibre instead of conventional aluminium alloy.[45] On their own, they lacked the money to build it, but with investment that came with the merger it became the McLaren MP4 (later called MP4/1) of 1981, driven by Watson and Andrea de Cesaris.[46][47] In the MP4, Watson won the British Grand Prix and had three other podium finishes. Soon after the merger, McLaren moved from Colnbrook to a new base in Woking and Dennis and Mayer initially shared the managing directorship of the company; by 1982, Mayer had departed and Tyler Alexander's and his shareholdings had been bought by the new owners.[48][49]

TAG-Porsche and Honda engines (1983–1992)

In the early 1980s, teams like Renault, Ferrari and Brabham were using 1.5-litre turbocharged engines in favour of the 3.0-litre naturally aspirated engines that had been standard since 1966.[23] Having seen in 1982 the need for a turbo engine of their own, Dennis had convinced Williams backer Techniques d'Avant Garde (TAG) to fund Porsche-built, TAG-branded turbo engines made to Barnard's specifications; TAG's founder Mansour Ojjeh would later become a McLaren shareholder. In the meantime, they continued with Cosworth engines as old rival Lauda came out of retirement in 1982 to drive alongside Watson in that year's 1B development of the MP4.[46][50][51] They each won two races, Watson notably from 17th place on the grid in Detroit,[46] and at one stage of the season McLaren were second in the constructors' championship. As part of a dispute with FISA, they boycotted the San Marino Grand Prix.[52] Although 1983 was not so fruitful, Watson did win again in the United States, this time from 22nd on the grid at Long Beach.[53]

Having been fired by Renault, Prost was once again at McLaren for 1984.[54] Now using the TAG engines, the team dominated, scoring 12 wins and two-and-a-half times as many constructors' points as nearest rival Ferrari. In the Drivers' Championship, Lauda prevailed over Prost by half a point, the narrowest margin ever.[55] The McLaren-TAGs were again strong in 1985; a third Constructors' Championship came their way whilst this time Prost won the Drivers' Championship. In 1986, the Williams team were resurgent with their Honda engine and drivers Nigel Mansell and Nelson Piquet, whilst at McLaren, Lauda's replacement, 1982 champion Keke Rosberg could not gel with the car. Williams took the Constructors' Championship, but for Prost, wins in San Marino, Monaco, and Austria combined with the fact that the Williams drivers were taking points from each other meant that he retained a chance going into the last race, the Australian Grand Prix. There, a puncture for Mansell and a precautionary pit stop for Piquet gave Prost the race win and his second title, making him the first driver to win back-to-back championships since Jack Brabham in 1959 and 1960.[56] In 1987 Barnard departed for Ferrari to be replaced by Steve Nichols (who himself joined Ferrari in 1989).[57][58][59] In the hands of Prost and Stefan Johansson, though, Nichols's MP4/3 and the TAG engine could not match the Williams-Honda.

For 1988, Honda switched their supply to McLaren and, encouraged by Prost, Dennis signed Ayrton Senna to drive.[60] Despite regulations reducing the boost pressure and fuel capacity (and therefore, power) of the turbo cars, Honda persisted with a turbocharged engine.[61] In the MP4/4, Senna and Prost engaged in a season-long battle, winning 15 of the 16 races (at the other race at Monza, Senna had been leading comfortably, but collided with back-marker Jean-Louis Schlesser[62]). At the Portuguese Grand Prix, their relationship soured when Senna squeezed Prost against the pit wall; Prost won, but afterwards said, "It was dangerous. If he wants the world championship that badly he can have it."[63] Prost scored more points that year, but because only the best 11 results counted, Senna took the title at the penultimate race in Japan.[64][65]

The next year, with turbos banned, Honda supplied a new 3.5-L naturally aspirated V10 engine[66] and McLaren again won both titles with the MP4/5. Their drivers' relationship continued to deteriorate, though, especially when, at the San Marino Grand Prix, Prost felt that Senna had reneged on an agreement not to pass each other at the first corner.[67] Believing that Honda and Dennis were favouring Senna, Prost announced mid-season that he would leave to drive at Ferrari the following year.[68] For the second year in succession, the Drivers' Championship was decided at the Japanese Grand Prix, this time in Prost's favour after Senna and he collided (Senna initially recovered and won the race, but was later disqualified).[69]

AyrtonSennaAtHockheimGP1993
By 1993, Honda had withdrawn from F1 and the team used underpowered Ford V8 engines to power the MP4/8. Although Ayrton Senna (pictured at the German GP) won five races, McLaren was not a match for the dominant Williams team. After the 1993 Australian Grand Prix, the team failed to win a race until 1997.
Mika Hakkinen 1999 Canada
Mika Häkkinen won the 1998 and 1999 Drivers' Championships with McLaren. He is shown here at the 1999 Canadian Grand Prix, an event which he won.

With former McLaren men Nichols and Prost (Barnard had moved to the Benetton team), Ferrari pushed the British team more closely in 1990. McLaren, in turn, brought in Ferrari's Gerhard Berger, but like the two seasons before, the Drivers' Championship was led by Prost and Senna and settled at the penultimate race in Japan. Here, Senna collided with Prost at the first corner, forcing both to retire, but this time Senna escaped punishment and took the title;[70] McLaren also won the Constructors' Championship. The 1991 year was another for McLaren and Senna, with the ascendent Renault-powered Williams team their closest challengers. By 1992, Williams, with their advanced FW14B car,[71] had overtaken McLaren, breaking their four-year run as champions, despite the latter winning five races that year.

Ford, Lamborghini and Peugeot engines (1993–1994)

As Honda withdrew from the sport at end of 1992, McLaren sought a new engine supplier. A deal to secure Renault engines fell through, subsequently McLaren switched to customer Ford engines for the 1993 season.[72] Senna—who initially agreed only to a race-by-race contract before later signing for the whole year[73][74]—won five races, including a record-breaking sixth victory at Monaco and a win at the European Grand Prix, where he went from fifth to first on the opening lap.[75] His teammate, 1991 IndyCar champion Michael Andretti, fared much worse: he scored only seven points, and was replaced by test driver Mika Häkkinen for the final three rounds of the season.[76][77] Williams ultimately won both titles and Senna—who had flirted with moving there for 1993—signed with them for the 1994 season.[72][78] During the 1993 season McLaren took part in a seven part BBC Television documentary called A Season With McLaren.[79]

McLaren tested a Lamborghini V12 engine ahead of the 1994 season, as part of a potential deal with then-Lamborghini owner Chrysler, before eventually deciding to use Peugeot engines. With Peugeot power, the MP4/9 was driven by Häkkinen and Martin Brundle, despite achieving eight podiums over the season no wins were achieved. Peugeot was dropped after a single year due to multiple engine failures / unreliability which cost McLaren potential race victories and they switched to a Mercedes-Benz-branded, Ilmor-designed engine.[80]

Mercedes-Benz partnership (1995–2014)

The alliance with Mercedes started slowly: 1995's MP4/10 car was not a front-runner and Brundle's replacement, former champion Nigel Mansell, was unable to fit into the car at first and departed after just two races, with Mark Blundell taking his place.[81]

While Williams dominated in 1996, McLaren, now with David Coulthard alongside Häkkinen,[82] went a third successive season without a win. In 1997, however, Coulthard broke this run by winning the season-opening Australian Grand Prix; Häkkinen and he would each win another race before the end of the season, and highly rated designer Adrian Newey joined the team from Williams in August that year.[83] Despite the car's improved pace, unreliability proved costly throughout the season, with retirements at the British and Luxembourg Grands Prix occurring whilst Häkkinen was in the lead.

1998–2006

With Newey able to take advantage of new technical regulations for 1998,[84] and with Williams losing their works Renault engines, McLaren were once again able to challenge for the championship; F1 Racing magazine stated that the only way to increase their championship hopes was to hire Ferrari's double champion Michael Schumacher.[85] Häkkinen and Coulthard won five of the first six races despite the banning of the team's "brake steer" system, which allowed the rear brakes to be operated individually to reduce understeer, after a protest by Ferrari at the second race in Brazil.[86][87][88] Schumacher and Ferrari provided the greatest competition, the former levelled on points with Häkkinen with two races to go, but wins for Häkkinen at the Luxembourg and Japanese Grands Prix gave both him the Drivers' Championship and McLaren the Constructors' Championship. Häkkinen won his second Drivers' Championship the following season, but due to a combination of driver errors and mechanical failures, the team lost the constructors' title to Ferrari.

Mclaren racing usgp 2004
Mechanics push Kimi Räikkönen's MP4-19 into the garage during qualifying for the US Grand Prix at Indianapolis in 2004.

The year 2000 was not a repeat of recent successes: McLaren won seven races in a close fight with Ferrari, but ultimately Ferrari and Schumacher prevailed in both competitions. This marked the start of a decline in form as Ferrari cemented their position at the head of Formula One. In 2001, Häkkinen was outscored by Coulthard for the first time since 1997 and retired (ending Formula One's longest ever driver partnership), his place taken by Kimi Räikkönen,[89] then in 2002, Coulthard took their solitary win at Monaco while Ferrari repeated McLaren's 1988 feat of 15 wins in a season.

The year 2003 started very promisingly, with one win each for Coulthard and Räikkönen at the first two Grands Prix. However, they were hampered when the MP4-18 car designed for that year suffered crash test and reliability problems, forcing them to continue using a 'D' development of the year-old MP4-17 for longer than they had initially planned.[90] Despite this, Räikkönen scored points consistently and challenged for the championship up to the final race, eventually losing by two points. The team began 2004 with the MP4-19, which technical director Adrian Newey described as "a debugged version of [the MP4-18]".[90] It was not a success, though, and was replaced mid-season by the MP4-19B. With this, Räikkönen scored the team's and his only win of the year at the Belgian Grand Prix, as McLaren finished fifth in the Constructors' Championship, their worst ranking since 1983.

Coulthard left for Red Bull Racing in 2005 to be replaced by former CART champion Juan Pablo Montoya for what was McLaren's most successful season in several years as he and Räikkönen won ten races. However, both the team not being able to work out why the car could not heat it's tyres properly in the early stages of the season and the overall unreliability of the MP4-20 cost a number of race victories when Räikkönen had been leading or in contention to win and also costing him grid positions in some qualifying sessions, which allowed Renault and their driver Fernando Alonso to capitalise and win both titles.

Lap4 Canada2005 Raikkonen
Kimi Räikkönen nearly won the Drivers' Championship in 2005.

In 2006, the team failed to build on the previous year's good form as the superior reliability and speed of the Ferraris and Renaults prevented the team from gaining any victories for the first time in a decade. Montoya parted company acrimoniously with the team to race in NASCAR after the United States Grand Prix, where he crashed into Räikkönen at the start; test driver Pedro de la Rosa deputised for the remainder of the season.[91] The team also lost Räikkönen to Ferrari at the end of the year.[92]

Steve Matchett argued that the poor reliability of McLaren in 2006 and recent previous years was due to a lack of team continuity and stability.[93] His cited examples of instability are logistical challenges related to the move to the McLaren Technology Centre, Adrian Newey's aborted move to Jaguar and later move to Red Bull, the subsequent move of Newey's deputy to Red Bull, and personnel changes at Ilmor.[93]

Fernando Alonso 2007 2
Fernando Alonso had a difficult and controversial year with McLaren in 2007.

2007–2014

The 2007 season had Fernando Alonso, who had been contracted over a year previously,[94] race alongside Formula One debutant and long-time McLaren protege Lewis Hamilton.[95] The pair scored four wins each and led the Drivers' Championship for much of the year, but tensions arose within the team, some commentators claiming that Alonso was unable to cope with Hamilton's competitiveness.[96] At the Hungarian Grand Prix, Alonso was judged to have deliberately impeded his teammate during qualifying, so the team were not allowed to score Constructors' points at the event.[97] Indeed, an internal agreement within the McLaren team stated that drivers would alternatively have an extra lap for qualifying, that Lewis Hamilton refused to accept for the Hungarian Grand Prix, explaining Alonso's decision. Subsequently, the McLaren team were investigated by the FIA for being in possession of proprietary detailed technical blueprints of Ferrari's car – the so-called "Spygate" controversy. At the first hearing, McLaren management consistently denied all knowledge, blaming a single "rogue engineer". However, in the final hearing, McLaren were found guilty and the team were excluded from the Constructors' Championship and fined $100M.[98] The drivers were allowed to continue without penalty, and whilst Hamilton led the Drivers' Championship heading into the final race in Brazil, Räikkönen in the Ferrari won the race and the Drivers' Championship, a single point ahead of both McLaren drivers. In November, Alonso and McLaren agreed to terminate their contract by mutual consent, Heikki Kovalainen filling the vacant seat alongside Hamilton.[99][100]

Lewis hamilton - 2008 Melb GP
Lewis Hamilton won 2008's season-opening race in Australia and went on to win the title.

In 2008, a close fight ensued between Hamilton and the Ferraris of Felipe Massa and Räikkönen; Hamilton won five times and despite also crossing the finish line first at the Belgian Grand Prix, he was deemed to have gained an illegal advantage by cutting a chicane during an overtake and was controversially demoted to third.[101] Going into the final race in Brazil, Hamilton had a seven-point lead over Massa. Massa won there, but Hamilton dramatically clinched his first Drivers' Championship by moving into the necessary fifth position at the final corner of the final lap of the race. Despite winning his first Grand Prix in Hungary, Kovalainen finished the season only seventh in the overall standings, allowing Ferrari to take the constructors' title.

Before the start of the 2009 season, Dennis retired as team principal, handing responsibility to Martin Whitmarsh,[102] but the year started badly: the MP4-24 car was off the pace and the team was given a three-race suspended ban for misleading stewards at the Australian and Malaysian Grands Prix.[103] Despite these early problems, a late revival had Hamilton win at the Hungarian and Singapore Grands Prix. McLaren signed that year's champion, Jenson Button, to replace Kovalainen alongside Hamilton in 2010.[104]

Button won twice (in Australia and China) and Hamilton three times (in Turkey, Canada, and Belgium), but they and McLaren failed to win their respective championships, that year's MP4-25 largely outpaced by Red Bull's RB6.

Hamilton and Button remained with the team into 2011, with Hamilton winning three races – China, Germany, and Abu Dhabi and Button also winning three races – Canada, Hungary, and Japan. Button finished the Drivers' Championship in second place with 270 points behind 2011 Drivers' Champion Sebastian Vettel of Red Bull Racing, ahead of Hamilton's 227 points. McLaren were second in the Constructors' Championship to Red Bull Racing.

Sergio Perez 2013 Malaysia FP2
Sergio Pérez driving for McLaren at the 2013 Malaysian Grand Prix

In 2012, McLaren won the first race of the year in Australia with a 1–3 finish for Button and Hamilton, while Hamilton went on to win in Canada, but by the mid-way mark of the season at the team's home race at Silverstone, the McLaren cars managed only eighth place (Hamilton) and 10th place (Button), while the drivers' and Constructors' Championships were being dominated by Red Bull Racing and Ferrari, whose cars occupied the first four places of the British Grand Prix, this was partially due to pit stop problems and Button's loss of form after not working as well with the new car as Hamilton and the car not adapting to the Pirelli tyres. The car also suffered reliability problems which cost the team and its drivers numerous potential points, most notably in Singapore and Abu Dhabi, where Hamilton had been leading from the front in both races.[105]

Sergio Pérez replaced Hamilton for 2013, after Hamilton decided to leave for Mercedes.[106][107] The team's car for the season, the MP4-28, was launched on 31 January 2013.[108] The car struggled to compete with the other top teams and the season had McLaren fail to produce a podium finish for the first time since 1980.[109]

Mclaren MP4-29 Jenson Button 2014 F1 Chinese GP
Jenson Button driving the last Mercedes-powered McLaren at the 2014 Chinese Grand Prix

Kevin Magnussen replaced Pérez for 2014, and Ron Dennis, who had remained at arm's length since stepping down from the team principal role, returned as CEO of the operation.[109] McLaren were the first team to officially launch their 2014 car, the MP4-29, which was revealed on 24 January 2014.[109] They had a largely unsuccessful 2014; their best result was in Australia where – after Daniel Ricciardo's disqualification from second place – Magnussen finished second and Button third. Button subsequently finished fourth in Canada, Britain, and Russia. Their highest grid position was in Britain with Button's third place on the grid.[110]

Return to Honda power (2015–2017)

McLaren duo 2015 Malaysia Race
Alonso (no.14) and Button (no.22) line astern at the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix

For 2015, McLaren ended their engine deal with Mercedes which included buying back the 40% stake that Mercedes held in the team and reforged their historical partnership with Honda. After a prolonged period, the team announced Fernando Alonso and Jenson Button as their race drivers, with Kevin Magnussen demoted to test driver. During pre-season testing at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in February, Alonso suffered a concussion and, as a result, Kevin Magnussen replaced him for the season opening Australian Grand Prix in March. At that inaugural race for the new partnership, Button's Honda-powered car was lapped twice[111] and finished last, that being the McLaren-Honda's longest stint of running to that date. Following considerable unreliability and initial suggestions that the Honda engine was underpowered relative to its competitors, steady performance gains eventually resulted in Button managing to score McLaren-Honda's first (four) points at the 2015 Monaco Grand Prix, the team's sixth race.[112] By contrast, Alonso scored his first point a further three races later at the 2015 British Grand Prix.[113] The 2015 Hungarian Grand Prix, which was Honda's 350th race as an engine supplier, became the first time that the new partnership scored double points (with Alonso and Button finishing fifth and ninth, respectively).[114][115] However, at the Belgian Grand Prix McLaren was given a record 105-place grid penalty for changing power unit components.[116] The team finished ninth in the constructors standings marking McLaren's worst points finish since 1980.

Fernando Alonso 2016 Malaysia Q1
Fernando Alonso during qualifying for the 2016 Malaysian Grand Prix.
Stoffel Vandoorne 2017 Catalonia test (27 Feb-2 Mar) Day 4
Stoffel Vandoorne in the MCL32, showing the new orange and black livery.

McLaren retained their Alonso - Button pair for the 2016 season. The second year of the renewed Honda partnership was much more promising than the first with McLaren being able to challenge for top 10 positions on a more regular basis, while still carrying an underpowered Honda Power Unit. However, the season started with a massive crash at the 2016 Australian Grand Prix in which Fernando Alonso sustained rib fractures and a collapsed lung after colliding with Esteban Gutiérrez and somersaulting into the crash barriers. Alonso, as a result of his injuries was forced to miss the second round of the Championship, the 2016 Bahrain Grand Prix and was replaced by reserve driver Stoffel Vandoorne. Vandoorne produced an impressive performance in his first race to score the team's first point with 10th place. The next points for McLaren came at the 2016 Russian Grand Prix with Alonso and Button finishing sixth and 10th respectively. The rain affected 2016 Monaco Grand Prix was one of best races of the season for the team. Alonso finished fifth, having kept Nico Rosberg's Mercedes behind him for 46 laps, while Button scored two points with ninth. At the 2016 Austrian Grand Prix, Button recorded his best result of the season with sixth place after qualifying third in a wet/dry session. After a disappointing display at their home race, the 2016 British Grand Prix at Silverstone, the team scored points at the next three rounds with six points in Hungary, four in Germany and six points again thanks to an impressive seventh-place finish from Alonso at the 2016 Belgian Grand Prix. At the 2016 United States Grand Prix, McLaren matched their Monaco result with 12 points after an attacking race from Alonso saw him claim fifth position while Button once again finished ninth. After a season of significant progress compared to 2015, Alonso and Button finished the championship in 10th and 15th places respectively with the team ending the season in sixth place in the Constructors' Championship with 76 points. On 3 September 2016, Jenson Button announced he would take a sabbatical from Formula One for the 2017 season. He then confirmed on 25 November that he would retire from F1 altogether with Vandoorne being Alonso's new Teammate for 2017.

In February 2017, McLaren signed Lando Norris to their Young Driver Programme.[117]

Alonso did not take part in the 2017 Monaco Grand Prix as he was participating in the Indianapolis 500. Instead Jenson Button returned for the one race as his replacement.[118]

On 15 September 2017, McLaren confirmed that they would end their partnership with Honda at the end of the 2017 season and use engines supplied by Renault.[119] Team boss, Éric Boullier, described the poor on-track performance between 2015 and 2017 as a "proper disaster" for the team's credibility.[120] McLaren finished 2017 9th with 30 points in total.

Renault engines (2018–present)

2018 Chinese Grand Prix FP3 Fernando Alonso (40970600574) (cropped)
Fernando Alonso driving for McLaren at the 2018 Chinese Grand Prix

McLaren announced during the 2017 Singapore Grand Prix weekend that they would split from engine supplier Honda at the end of the 2017 season, and had agreed a three-year deal to be supplied by Renault.[121] 2018 was the first season in McLaren's history when their cars were powered by Renault engines. McLaren also announced that Fernando Alonso and Stoffel Vandoorne would remain with the team for the 2018 season.[122][123] On 6 November 2017, the team announced that Lando Norris would be the team's test and reserve driver.[124]

At the season opening Australian Grand Prix, Fernando Alonso scored the team's best finish since the 2016 Monaco Grand Prix with fifth, Alonso said that the team's target would be Red Bull Racing.[125] McLaren had a relatively good start to the season, scoring points in the next four races, but in the next 16 races after Spain, McLaren only scored 22 points. On 14 August 2018, Fernando Alonso announced he would not compete in Formula One in 2019, ending his four-year spell at the team.[126] Carlos Sainz Jr. was signed as his replacement on a multi-year deal.[127] On 3 September 2018, it was announced that Stoffel Vandoorne would be leaving the team at the end of the season, with Lando Norris being promoted from reserve driver to replace him in 2019.[128] McLaren finished the disappointing season 6th with 62 points, 357 points behind their target, Red Bull Racing, with the same engine.

Racing history: other series

Can-Am

McLaren M1A at Silverstone
The McLaren M1A sports car of 1964 was the team's first self-designed car. The 'B' version raced in Can-Am in 1966.

McLaren's first sports-racing car was the Group 7 M1 – with a small-block Chevrolet engine in a modified Elva chassis. The car was raced in North America and Europe in 1963 and 1964 in various G7 and United States Road Racing Championship events. For the Can-Am Series, which started in 1966, McLaren created the M3 which Bruce and Chris Amon drove – customer cars also appeared in a number of races in the 1966 season. With the M3, they led two races, but scored no wins, and the inaugural title was taken by John Surtees in a Lola T70. The following year, Robin Herd purpose-designed the Chevrolet V8-powered M6A, delays with the Formula One programme allowing the team to spend extra resources on developing the Can-Am car which was the first to be painted in McLaren orange. With Denny Hulme now partnering Bruce, they won five of six races and Bruce won the championship, setting the pattern for the next four years. In 1968, they used a new car, the M8, to win four races; non-works McLarens took the other two, but this time Hulme was victorious overall. In 1969, McLaren domination became total as they won all 11 races with the M8B; Hulme won five, and Bruce won six and the Drivers' Championship.[21] From 1969 onwards, McLaren M12 – the customer "variant" of the M8 – was driven by a number of entrants, including a version modified by Jim Hall of Chaparral fame. McLaren's success in Can-Am brought with it financial rewards, both prize money and money from selling cars to other teams, that helped to support the team and fund the nascent and relatively poor-paying Formula One programme.[21][129]

McLarenM8D
Bruce McLaren was killed testing a McLaren M8D at Goodwood in 1970.

When Bruce was killed testing the 1970 season's M8D, he was at first replaced by Dan Gurney, then later by Peter Gethin. They won two and one races, respectively, while Hulme won six on the way to the championship. Private teams competing in the 1970 Can-Am series included older M3Bs as well as the M12 – the customer version of the team's M8B. In 1971, the team held off the challenge of 1969 world champion Jackie Stewart in the Lola T260, winning eight races, with Peter Revson taking the title. Hulme also won three Can-Am races in 1972, but the McLaren M20 was defeated by the Porsche 917/10s of Mark Donohue and George Follmer. Faced by the greater resources of Porsche, McLaren decided to abandon Can-Am at the end of 1972 and focus solely on open-wheel racing.[21] When the original Can-Am series ceased at the end of 1974, McLaren were by far the most successful constructor with 43 wins.[130]

Indianapolis 500

1973RevsonIndyMcLaren
The McLaren M16C was driven by Peter Revson in the 1972 Indianapolis 500

McLaren first contested the United States Auto Club's (USAC) Indianapolis 500 race in 1970, encouraged by their tyre supplier Goodyear, which wanted to break competitor Firestone's stranglehold on the event. With the M15 car, Bruce, Chris Amon, and Denny Hulme entered, but after Amon withdrew and Hulme was severely burned on the hands in an incident in practice, Peter Revson and Carl Williams took their places in the race to retire and finish seventh, respectively. The team also contested some of the more prestigious races in the USAC championship that year, as they would do in subsequent years.[131] For 1971 they had a new car, the M16, which driver Mark Donohue said "...obsoleted every other car on track..." At that year's Indianapolis 500, Revson qualified on pole and finished second, whilst in 1972, Donohue won in privateer Team Penske's M16B.[132] The 1973 event had Johnny Rutherford join the team; he qualified on pole, but finished ninth, Revson crashed out.[133] McLaren won their first Indianapolis 500 in 1974 with Rutherford. The McLaren and Rutherford combination was second in 1975 and won again in 1976.[134] Developments of the M16 had been used throughout this period until the new M24 car was introduced in 1977. The team did not reproduce their recent success at Indianapolis in 1977, 1978, or 1979, and although they continued to win other USAC races, by the end of 1979, they decided to end their involvement.[135]

Dallara DW12 (Fernando Alonso) 2017 Indianapolis 500
The car entered by McLaren at the 2017 Indianapolis 500, which was driven by Fernando Alonso.

On 12 April 2017, McLaren revealed they would participate in the 2017 Indianapolis 500 with their current Formula 1 driver Fernando Alonso at the wheel of a Honda-powered McLaren-branded Andretti Autosport IndyCar.[136] In qualifying, Alonso secured a second-row start from fifth.[137] During the race Alonso led 27 laps in his first Indy 500 start. With 21 laps remaining Alonso was running seventh when his Honda engine failed.[138] He was classified 24th. After his retirement he received a standing ovation from the grandstands.[139] Alonso was praised for his strong debut.[140][141]

On 10 November 2018, McLaren announced that they would participate in the 2019 Indianapolis 500 with Fernando Alonso again at the wheel,[142] using Chevrolet engines.[143] However, their 2019 attempt was far less successful than their 2017 showing; after suffering mechanical difficulties and a severe crash in practice the team failed to qualify for the race.[144]

Customer cars

Besides the cars raced by the works team, a variety of McLaren racing cars have also been used by customer teams. In their formative years, McLaren built Formula Two,[145] hillclimbing,[146] Formula 5000[147] and sports racing cars[148] that were sold to customers. Lacking the capacity to build the desired numbers, Trojan was subcontracted to construct some of them.[145][147][148] In Can-Am, Trojan built customer versions of the M6 and M8 cars and ex-works cars were sold to privateers when new models arrived; half of the field was McLarens at some races. Author Mark Hughes says, "over 220" McLarens were built by Trojan.[21] In USAC competition and Formula One, too, many teams used McLarens during the late 1960s and 1970s.[149] A 1972 M8F was rebuilt as the C8 for use in Group C racing in 1982, but had little success.[150]

In the mid-1990s, McLaren Racing's sister company, McLaren Cars (now McLaren Automotive) built a racing version of their F1 road car, the F1 GTR which won the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans and the 1995 and 1996 BPR Global GT Series.[151] More recently, a GT3 version of their new MP4-12C road car was announced, and will be entered by CRS Racing in the FIA GT3 European Championship.[152]

Characteristics

Ron dennis 2000Monaco
Ron Dennis, here pictured at the 2000 Monaco Grand Prix, was team principal from 1980 to 2009 and was chairman of the McLaren Group until 2017.

McLaren Racing is part of the McLaren Group which includes five other associated companies;[153] in 2009 the Group was said to have "more than 1300" employees.[154] Since 2004 the team has been based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, United Kingdom.[155] Facilities there include a wind tunnel and a driving simulator which is said to be the most sophisticated in the sport.[156] The Mercedes engines were built by the car-maker's Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains subsidiary (formerly Mercedes-Ilmor) in Brixworth, Northamptonshire.[157] Honda replaced Mercedes as McLaren's engine supplier from the 2015 season.[158]

Ownership and management

Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over the team. In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and shortly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team.

Ron Dennis was the chairman of the Group—a role from which he resigned in 2009 before retaking it a year later.[159] He also was team principal from 1980 to 2009. Martin Whitmarsh held the role of team principal from 2009 to 2013.[160] Dennis later removed the position of team principal;[161] Éric Boullier was named racing director in January 2014, becoming responsible for the F1 team.[162] On 4 July 2018, Boullier resigned and Gil de Ferran was appointed to the new position of sporting director and Andrea Stella as Performance Director.[163] On May 1 2019 Andreas Seidl was appointed as team principal.[164]

On 16 January 2014, it was announced that Ron Dennis had returned to the role of Group CEO of McLaren, combining his current role as Chairman of McLaren Group.

On 21 November 2016, Zak Brown was announced as the new executive director of McLaren Technology Group[165] after Ron Dennis was forced out. Instead of directly replacing Dennis as CEO, Brown will report directly to the group's Executive Committee. Both Jonathan Neale (chief operating officer) and Brown will jointly lead the businesses as part of the first step in the Group's transition to a new organisational structure.

On 10 April 2018, Brown became the CEO of McLaren Racing, as part of an operational restructure of the McLaren Group. Under the new management structure, racing director Eric Boullier will report directly to Brown.[166][167]

McLaren Racing Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of McLaren Group. In 2000, Mercedes's parent company Daimler (then DaimlerChrysler) bought a 40% share of McLaren Group, which they maintained until 2009 when they bought out the championship-winning Brawn team and began to sell back their McLaren stake.[168][169]

As of February 2019, the Bahrain royal family's Mumtalakat investment company owns 56% of McLaren Group, Mansour Ojjeh (TAG Group) owns 14%, Michael Latifi owns 10% and minor shareholders owning the rest.[170]

Politics

McLaren has had an uneasy relationship with the Formula One's governing body, the FIA, and its predecessor FISA, as well as with the commercial rights holder of the sport. In the early 1980s, McLaren were involved, along with the other teams of the Formula One Constructors Association, in a dispute over control of the sport with FISA and the teams of car manufacturers Alfa Romeo, Renault, and Ferrari. This was known as the FISA–FOCA war and had a breakaway series threatened, FISA refusing to sanction one race, and another race boycotted by FOCA. It was eventually resolved by a revenue-sharing deal called the Concorde Agreement.[171][172][173] Subsequent Concorde Agreements were signed in 1987 and 1992, but in 1996, McLaren were again one of the teams pitched into dispute over the terms of a new agreement, this time with former FOCA president Bernie Ecclestone's Formula One Promotions and Administration organisation. McLaren rejected the Concorde Agreement of 1997 before signing a new 10-year agreement in 1998.[174] Arguments over the commercial structure and regulations in the sport restarted in the mid-2000s with McLaren and their part-owner Mercedes again amongst teams threatening to start a rival series until 2009 when another Concorde Agreement, effective until the end of 2012, was settled upon.[175] In 2007, McLaren were involved in an espionage controversy after their chief designer Mike Coughlan obtained confidential technical information from Ferrari. McLaren was excluded from the Constructors' Championship and fined US$100 million.[98][176]

Sponsorship, naming, and livery

Marlboro McLarens Donington
McLaren's Formula One team was sponsored for 23 years by Philip Morris's Marlboro cigarette brand.

McLaren's Formula One team was originally called Bruce McLaren Motor Racing, and for their first season ran white-and-green coloured cars, which came about as a result of a deal with the makers of the film Grand Prix.[177]

Between 1968 and 1971, the team used an orange design, which was also applied to cars competing in the Indianapolis 500 and Can-Am series, and was used as an interim testing livery in later years.[177][178][179]

In 1968, the Royal Automobile Club and the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile relaxed the rules regarding commercial sponsorship of Formula One cars,[180][181] and in 1972, the Yardley of London cosmetics company became McLaren's first title sponsor,[182] and the livery was changed to a predominantly white one to reflect the sponsor's colours.[183] This changed in 1974, when Philip Morris joined as title sponsor through their Marlboro cigarette brand, whilst one car continued to run—ostensibly by a separate team—with Yardley livery for the year.[182] Marlboro's red-and-white branding lasted until 1996, during which time the team went by various names incorporating the word "Marlboro", making it the then longest-running Formula One sponsorship at the time (this has since been surpassed by Hugo Boss sponsorship of the team, which ran from 1981 to 2014).[184][185][186][187]

In 1997, Philip Morris parted ways with McLaren, moving to Ferrari, instead. The Marlboro sponsorship was replaced by Reemtsma's West cigarette branding, with the team entering under the name "West McLaren Mercedes",[188] and adopting a silver and black livery.

By mid-2005, a European Union directive banned tobacco advertising in sport, which forced McLaren to end its association with West.[189] In 2006, the team competed without a title sponsor, entering under the name "Team McLaren Mercedes". McLaren altered their livery to introduce red into the design, and changed the silver to chrome.

In 2007, McLaren signed a seven-year contract with telecommunications company Vodafone, and became known as "Vodafone McLaren Mercedes".[190] The arrangement was due to last until 2014, although the team announced at the 2013 Australian Grand Prix that their partnership would conclude at the end of the 2013 season.[191] Despite explaining the decision to conclude the sponsorship as being a result of Vodafone's desire to reconsider its commercial opportunities, it was later reported that the decision to run the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix in spite of an ongoing civil uprising and protests against the race, and Vodafone's inability to remove their logos from the McLaren cars during the race as being a key factor in the decision to terminate the sponsorship.[192] Diageo-owned whisky brand Johnnie Walker, an associate sponsor since 2005, offered to take over as title sponsor at the end of 2013, but their offer of £43m was turned down by McLaren chairman Ron Dennis, who believed it to be "too small."[193]

At the end of 2015, it was announced that McLaren were due to lose sponsor TAG Heuer to Red Bull Racing. McLaren chief Ron Dennis later admitted to falling out with TAG Heuer CEO Jean-Claude Biver.

In 2015 McLaren were without a title sponsor, and set to lose a further £20m in sponsorship in 2016.[193]

From 2015 till 2017, during their 3-year run with Honda, they competed under the name "McLaren Honda".[194]

From 2018 they will compete under the name "McLaren".[195]

McLaren's cars were originally named with the letter M followed by a number, sometimes also followed by a letter denoting the model.[196] After the 1981 merger with Project Four, the cars were called "MP4/x", or since 2001 "MP4-x",[197] where x is the generation of the chassis (e.g. MP4/1, MP4-22). "MP4" stood initially for "Marlboro Project 4",[198] so that the full title of the cars (McLaren MP4/x) reflected not only the historical name of the team, but also the names of the team's major sponsor and its new component part. Since the change of title sponsor in 1997, "MP4" was said to stand for "McLaren Project 4".[199] From 2017, following Ron Dennis' departure from the team, the naming scheme of the cars changed to "MCL" followed by a number.[200] The colour scheme was also changed to orange and black to reflect both McLaren's corporate colours and their original liveries.

McLaren Young Driver Programme

As of 18 February 2019, the following drivers were part of the McLaren Young Driver Programme:[201][202]

Driver Years Current series
Brazil Sérgio Sette Câmara 2018– Formula 2

Racing results

Formula One World Championship results

  • Constructors' Championships winning percentage: 15.1%
  • Drivers' Championships winning percentage: 22.6%
  • Winning percentage: 21.3%

Drivers' champions

Seven drivers have won a total of twelve Drivers' Championships with McLaren:[204]

American open-wheel racing results

(key)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1970 McLaren M15 Offenhauser 159 I4t G PHX1 SON TRE1 INDY MIL1 LAN CDR MIC IRP SPR MIL2 ONT DQSF ISF SED TRE2 SAC PHX2
New Zealand Chris Amon DNQ
United States Peter Revson 22 8
New Zealand Denny Hulme DNQ
United States Carl Williams 9
New Zealand Bruce McLaren DNQ
1971 McLaren M16A Offenhauser 159 I4t G RAF PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC MIL2 ONT TRE2 PHX2
New Zealand Denny Hulme 17
United States Gordon Johncock 27
United States Peter Revson 2 21 7
1972 McLaren M16A Offenhauser 159 I4t G PHX TRE INDY MIL MIC POC MIL ONT TRE PHX
United States Gordon Johncock 3
McLaren M16B 20 9 22 13 20
United States Peter Revson 31 31 23
1973 McLaren M16C Offenhauser 159 I4t G TXS TRE INDY MIL POC MIC MIL ONT MIC TRE TXS PHX
United States Peter Revson 31 21 23
United States Johnny Rutherford 4 15 9 5 5 2 18 1 31 3 1 4 2 DNQ
1974 McLaren M16C/D Offenhauser 159 I4t G ONT PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC1 MIL2 MIC2 TRE2 TRE3 PHX2
United Kingdom David Hobbs 5
United States Johnny Rutherford 1 27 7 6 1 1 1 4 5 9 4 7 7
1975 McLaren M16E Offenhauser 159 I4t G ONT PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC1 MIL2 MIC2 TRE2 PHX2
United States Johnny Rutherford 2 17 1 2 2 3 6 6 13 2 3 11
1976 McLaren M16E Offenhauser 159 I4t G PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC1 TXS1 TRE2 MIL2 ONT MIC2 TXS2 PHX2
United States Johnny Rutherford 18 1 1 9 4 2 3 7 3 2 11 1 16
1977 McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t G ONT1 PHX1 TXS1 TRE INDY MIL1 POC MOS MIC1 TXS2 MIL2 ONT2 MIC2 PHX2
United States Johnny Rutherford 25 1 4 8 33 1 5 9 3 1 1 24 2 22
1978 McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t G PHX1 ONT1 TXS1 TRE1 INDY MOS MIL1 POC MIC1 ATL TXS2 MIL2 ONT2 MIC2 TRE2 SIL BRH PHX2
United States Johnny Rutherford 16 13 19 10 13 8 2 2 1 2 2 8 11 13 11 5 3 1
1979 McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t G PHX ATL INDY TRE MCH WGL TRE ONT MCH ATL PHX
United States Johnny Rutherford 3 1 1 18 15 3 3 11 15 5 4 4 11 6
2017 Dallara DW12 Honda HI17TT V6t F STP LBH ALA PHX IMS INDY DET TEX ROA IOW TOR MDO POC GAT WGL SNM
Spain Fernando Alonso 24
2019 Dallara DW12 Chevrolet V6t F STP COA ALA LBH IMS INDY DET DET TXS RDA TOR IOW MDO POC GTW POR LAG
Spain Fernando Alonso DNQ

IndyCar wins

# Season Date Sanction Track / Race No. Winning Driver Chassis Engine Tire Grid Laps Led
1 1973 August 26 USAC Ontario 500 Qualification Heat 2 (O) 7 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear Pole 21
2 September 16 USAC Michigan Speedway Twin 125s #2 (O) 7 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 49
3 1974 March 3 USAC Ontario 500 Qualification Heat 2 (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear Pole 4
4 May 26 USAC Indianapolis 500 (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 25 122
5 June 9 USAC Milwaukee Mile (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 58
6 June 30 USAC Pocono 500 (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 25 122
7 1975 March 16 USAC Phoenix International Raceway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 97
NC April 27 USAC Trenton International Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 69
8 1976 May 2 USAC Trenton International Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 60
9 May 30 USAC Indianapolis 500 (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16E Offenhauser Goodyear Pole 48
10 October 31 USAC Texas World Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16E Offenhauser Goodyear 6 9
11 1977 March 27 USAC Phoenix International Raceway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear Pole 51
12 June 12 USAC Milwaukee Mile (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 2 103
13 July 31 USAC Texas World Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 2 81
14 August 21 USAC Milwaukee Mile (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 3 29
15 1978 July 16 USAC Michigan International Speedway (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 2 53
16 October 28 USAC Phoenix International Raceway (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 3 67
17 1979 April 22 CART Atlanta Motor Speedway Race 1 (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear Pole 30
18 April 22 CART Atlanta Motor Speedway Race 2 (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear Pole 61

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Individual driver numbers were not allocated at the time, as numbers differed by event.

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ Includes John Surtees' fastest lap in the 1970 South African Grand Prix in a non-works McLaren.
  2. ^ Current team Mercedes first competed in 19541955, but did not race again until 2010.[16]

Citations

  1. ^ "Lando Norris to drive for McLaren in 2019". McLaren. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Carlos Sainz to race for McLaren from 2019". mclaren.com. McLaren Formula One Team. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Sergio Sette Camara Joins McLaren Young Driver Programme". McLaren. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  4. ^ "MCL34: The work starts here". McLaren F1 Team. McLaren. 11 October 2018. Archived from the original on 20 October 2018.
  5. ^ "McLaren Racing and Renault Sport Racing confirm partnership". McLaren Honda. 15 September 2017. Archived from the original on 15 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b "McLAREN IN FORMULA 1". mclaren.com. Archived from the original on 28 May 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
  7. ^ Nye 1988, p. 65
  8. ^ Henry 1999, p. 15
  9. ^ a b Henry, Alan (6 February 2009). "Obituary: Teddy Mayer". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  10. ^ "Case History". Corktree.tripod.com. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  11. ^ "1970 Austrian Grand Prix Entry list".
  12. ^ "McLaren Formula 1 - McLaren & Papaya". Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  13. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 72–85
  14. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 18
  15. ^ "Formula One Teams". Formula One. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
  16. ^ "Mercedes Grand Prix team profile". BBC Sport. 5 March 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2010.
  17. ^ a b c "Formula One – hard and unforgiving". Bruce McLaren Trust. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  18. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 14
  19. ^ "The World Factbook – New Zealand". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
  20. ^ Henry 1999, p. 22
  21. ^ a b c d e Hughes, Mark. "Clockwork Orange – McLaren Domination". Bruce McLaren Trust. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
  22. ^ Nye 1988, p. 54
  23. ^ a b Tremayne & Hughes 1998, pp. 223–228
  24. ^ "M7A: McLaren's lucky number". Motor Sport. Stratfield. 84 (8). August 2008.
  25. ^ "McLaren Team Profile". Formula1.com. Formula One. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  26. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 24
  27. ^ Henry 1999, p. 23–24
  28. ^ Henry 1999, p. 25
  29. ^ a b c Henry 1999, p. 26
  30. ^ Nye 1988, p. 174
  31. ^ Henry 1999, Appendix 1
  32. ^ a b Donaldson, Gerald. "Emerson Fittipaldi". Formula1.com. Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  33. ^ Donaldson, Gerald. "Denny Hulme". Formula1.com. Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  34. ^ Donaldson, Gerald (1995). James Hunt: The Biography. CollinsWillow. p. 158. ISBN 0-00-218493-1.
  35. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 32
  36. ^ Donaldson, Gerald. "Niki Lauda". Formula1.com. Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  37. ^ Donaldson, Gerald (2003). Villeneuve: The Life of the Legendary Racing Driver (1st paperback ed.). Virgin Books. p. 80. ISBN 0-7535-0747-1.
  38. ^ Henry 1999, p. 34
  39. ^ Jones, Bruce, ed. (1997). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Formula One. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 43. ISBN 0-340-70783-6.
  40. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 211–213
  41. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 33
  42. ^ Donaldson, Gerald. "Alain Prost". Formula1.com. Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  43. ^ Henry, Alan (25 February 2003). "Motor Racing: Jaguar land Crocodile's brother". The Guardian. UK. p. 31. Retrieved 9 April 2007.
  44. ^ Henry 1999, p. 37
  45. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 37–40
  46. ^ a b c Widdows, Rob (May 2007). "Carbon natural". Motor Sport. Stratfield. 83 (5).
  47. ^ Henry 1999, p. 41
  48. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 42–43
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Bibliography

  • Collings, Timothy (2004) [2001]. The Piranha Club (Revised and updated ed.). Virgin Books. ISBN 0-7535-0965-2.
  • Henry, Alan (1999). McLaren: Formula 1 Racing Team. Haynes. ISBN 1-85960-425-0.
  • Nye, Doug (1988) [1984]. McLaren: The Grand Prix, Can-Am and Indy Cars (New ed.). Guild Publishing. ISBN 0-905138-54-6.
  • Rubython, Tom (14 October 2006). The Life of Senna (1st softback ed.). BusinessF1 Books. ISBN 0-9546857-3-3.
  • Taylor, William (2009) [2008]. Tremayne, David (ed.). McLaren – The Cars 1964–2008 (Second ed.). Coterie Press. ISBN 978-1-902351-34-6.
  • Tremayne, David; Hughes, Mark (1998). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula One. Dempsey Parr. ISBN 1-84084-037-4.
  • All Formula One World Championship results are taken from Formula1.com. Formula One Administration.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Lotus
Formula One Constructors' Champion
1974
Succeeded by
Ferrari
Preceded by
Ferrari
Formula One Constructors' Champion
19841985
Succeeded by
Williams
Preceded by
Williams
Formula One Constructors' Champion
1988198919901991
Succeeded by
Williams
Preceded by
Williams
Formula One Constructors' Champion
1998
Succeeded by
Ferrari
Alain Prost

Alain Marie Pascal Prost OBE (born 24 February 1955) is a retired French racing driver and a four-time Formula One Drivers' Champion. From 1987 until 2001 Prost held the record for most Grand Prix victories and is considered as one of the greatest F1 drivers ever. Michael Schumacher surpassed Prost's total of 51 victories at the 2001 Belgian Grand Prix. In 1999, Prost received the World Sports Awards of the Century in the motor sport category.Prost discovered karting at the age of 14 during a family holiday. He progressed through motor sport's junior ranks, winning the French and European Formula Three championships, before joining the McLaren Formula One team in 1980 at the age of 24. He finished in the points on his Formula One début at the San Martin Autodrome in Buenos Aires, Argentina (where he took his first podium a year later) and took his first race victory at his home Grand Prix in France a year later, driving for the factory Renault team.

During the 1980s and early 1990s, Prost formed a fierce rivalry mainly with Ayrton Senna, but also Nelson Piquet and Nigel Mansell. In 1986, at the last race of the season, he beat Mansell and Piquet of Williams to the title after Mansell retired late on in the race, and Piquet was pulled in for a late precautionary pit stop. Senna joined Prost at McLaren in 1988 and the two had a series of controversial clashes, including a collision at the 1989 Japanese Grand Prix that gave Prost his third Drivers' Championship. A year later at the same venue they collided again, but this time Prost, driving for Ferrari, lost out. Before the end of a winless 1991 season Prost was fired by Ferrari for his public criticism of the team. After a sabbatical in 1992, Prost joined the Williams team, prompting reigning Drivers' Champion Mansell to leave for CART. With a competitive car, Prost won the 1993 championship and retired from Formula One driving at the end of the year.In 1997, Prost took over the French Ligier team, running it as Prost Grand Prix until it went bankrupt in 2002. From 2003 to 2012 he competed in the Andros Trophy, which is an ice racing championship, taking 38 race victories and winning the championship 3 times.Prost employed a smooth, relaxed style behind the wheel, deliberately modelling himself on personal heroes like Jackie Stewart and Jim Clark. He was nicknamed "The Professor" for his intellectual approach to competition. Though it was not a name he particularly cared for, he would admit later that it was an appropriate summation of his approach to his racing. Skilled at setting up his car for race conditions, Prost would often conserve his brakes and tyres early in a race, leaving them fresher for a challenge at the end.

Ayrton Senna

Ayrton Senna da Silva (Brazilian Portuguese: [aˈiʁtõ ˈsẽnɐ dɐ ˈsiwvɐ] (listen); 21 March 1960 – 1 May 1994) was a Brazilian racing driver who won Formula One world championships for McLaren in 1988, 1990 and 1991, and who is widely regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers of all time. He died in an accident while leading the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix for Williams.Senna began his motorsport career in karting, moved up to open-wheel racing in 1981, and won the 1983 British Formula Three Championship. He made his Formula One debut with Toleman-Hart in 1984, before moving to Lotus-Renault the following year and winning six Grands Prix over the next three seasons. In 1988, he joined Frenchman Alain Prost at McLaren-Honda. Between them, they won all but one of the 16 Grands Prix that year, and Senna claimed his first World Championship. Prost claimed the championship in 1989, and Senna his second and third championships in 1990 and 1991. In 1992, the Williams-Renault combination began to dominate Formula One. Senna nonetheless managed to finish the 1993 season as runner-up, winning five races and negotiating a move to Williams in 1994.

Senna has often been voted as the best and most influential Formula One driver of all time in various motorsport polls. He was recognised for his qualifying speed over one lap, and from 1989 until 2006 he held the record for most pole positions. He was also acclaimed for his wet weather performances, such as the 1984 Monaco Grand Prix, the 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix, and the 1993 European Grand Prix. He holds a record six victories at the Monaco Grand Prix, and is the fifth-most successful driver of all time in terms of race wins. Senna courted controversy throughout his career, particularly during his turbulent rivalry with Prost. In the Japanese Grands Prix of 1989 and 1990, each of which decided the championship of that year, collisions between Senna and Prost determined the eventual winner.

Bruce McLaren

Bruce Leslie McLaren (30 August 1937 – 2 June 1970) was a New Zealand race-car designer, driver, engineer and inventor.

His name lives on in the McLaren team which has been one of the most successful in Formula One championship history, winning a total of 8 World Constructors' Championships and 12 World Drivers' Championships. McLaren cars dominated CanAm sports car racing with 56 wins, a considerable number of them with him behind the wheel, between 1967 and 1972 (and five constructors' championships), and have won three Indianapolis 500 races, as well as the 24 Hours of Le Mans and 12 Hours of Sebring.

David Coulthard

David Marshall Coulthard, (; born 27 March 1971), known as DC, is a British former Formula One racing driver turned presenter, commentator and journalist. He was runner-up in the 2001 Formula One World Drivers' Championship, driving for McLaren.

Coulthard began karting at the age of eleven and achieved early success before progressing to car racing in the British Formula Ford Championship and the Formula 3000 series. He first drove in Formula One with Williams F1 in the 1994 season succeeding the late Ayrton Senna. The following year he won his first Grand Prix in Portugal, and then for the 1996 season he moved to McLaren. After winning two races in the 1997 season, he finished 3rd in the World Drivers' Championship in the 1998 season.

He won five races throughout 1999 and 2000 before finishing 2nd in the Drivers' Championship to Michael Schumacher in 2001. Two more victories followed between 2002 and 2003 before he left McLaren at the end of 2004. He moved to Red Bull in 2005 and secured their first podium a year later. Coulthard retired from Formula One racing at the end of 2008.

After retiring from Formula One Coulthard continued working with Red Bull as a consultant and joined the BBC as a commentator and pundit for their coverage of Formula One. He returned to active motorsports in 2010 joining Mücke Motorsport in the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters and retired at the end of 2012. Coulthard has also participated in the Race of Champions, finishing runner-up in the Drivers' Cup in 2008, and winning the competition in 2014 and 2018. Since 2016 he has worked as a commentator and analyst for Channel 4 after they took over the BBC's terrestrial television rights.

Fernando Alonso

Fernando Alonso Díaz audio (born 29 July 1981) is a Spanish racing driver and former Formula One racing driver. He is a two-time Formula One World Champion and is often regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers in the history of the sport. He has contested 17 seasons of Formula One. Outside Formula One, Alonso won the 2018–19 FIA World Endurance Championship with Toyota Gazoo Racing. He won the 2018 24 Hours of Le Mans at his first attempt and won the race again in 2019. He won the 2019 24 Hours of Daytona, after his debut in 2018. He also contested the 2017 Indianapolis 500, and was due to contest in 2019 but failed to qualify.

Born in Oviedo, the capital of the autonomous region of Asturias, Alonso started in karting from the age of 3. He won three consecutive karting championships in Spain from 1994 to 1997, and he became world karting champion in 1996. He made his Formula One debut in the 2001 season with Minardi, and then moved to the Renault team as a test driver the next year. As a main Renault driver from 2003, he was crowned Formula One World Drivers' Champion in both 2005 and 2006. At the age of 24 years and 58 days upon clinching the title, he was the youngest Formula One World Drivers' Champion, and subsequently the youngest double Champion at the time. He joined McLaren in 2007, before returning to Renault for two seasons in 2008 and 2009. Alonso raced for Scuderia Ferrari for five seasons between 2010 and 2014. During that time he finished second in the championship behind Sebastian Vettel three times (2010, 2012 and 2013), and won 11 further Grands Prix. Two of those years, he narrowly lost the title at the final race. He then returned to McLaren for four seasons between 2015 and 2018.

Alonso has held various driving records in Formula One. He was formerly the youngest driver to qualify on pole position and to win a Grand Prix at the 2003 Malaysian Grand Prix and the 2003 Hungarian Grand Prix respectively. He was the youngest World champion upon clinching the title at the age of 24 years and 58 days, and subsequently the youngest double World Champion. From 2013 until 2015, he held the record for most career championship points. Each of these records were surpassed initially by Sebastian Vettel. As of February 2019, Alonso is the only Spanish driver to have won a Formula One Grand Prix and is the driver with the sixth highest number of Grand Prix wins, with 32. As a winner of the Monaco Grand Prix and the 24 Hours of Le Mans, Alonso is one of just thirteen drivers (with Juan Pablo Montoya, one of two still active) to have won two of the three races that make up the Triple Crown of Motorsport.

Alonso is nicknamed El Nano, a typical diminutive for Fernando in Asturias, his place of birth. He is a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF.

Honda in Formula One

Honda is currently involved in Formula One as an engine manufacturer, supplying the Red Bull Racing and Toro Rosso teams. They have participated in Formula One, as an entrant, constructor and engine supplier, for various periods since 1964. Honda's involvement in Formula One began with the 1964 season; their withdrawal in 1968 was precipitated by the death of Honda driver Jo Schlesser during the 1968 French Grand Prix. They returned in 1983 as an engine supplier, a role that ended in 1992. They returned again in 2000, providing engines for British American Racing (BAR). By the end of 2005 they had bought out the BAR team, based at Brackley, United Kingdom, and renamed their new subsidiary Honda Racing.

It was announced on 5 December 2008 that Honda would be exiting Formula One with immediate effect due to the global financial crisis and were looking to sell their team. On 27 February 2009 it was announced that team principal Ross Brawn had led a management buyout of the Brackley team. The team raced successfully as Brawn GP in 2009.

On 17 May 2013, Honda announced their intention to return to the sport in the 2015 season under a works agreement with McLaren to supply V6 engines and kinetic energy recovery system (KERS) units. The first iterations of the Honda engines proved to be unreliable, fuel thirsty, and underpowered, with Honda admitting they returned too early, taking on a project they were not ready for, due to this, Honda spent their first 3 years under the harsh scrutiny of the public eye as they developed their PU. McLaren split with Honda after three years when Honda advised they would not have a front running power unit until 2019 at the earliest, Toro Rosso however, agreed to use Honda engines for the 2018 season as a works outfit. Following a fairly successful season with Toro Rosso, Honda showing fast and potent development with the engines which were proving to exceed the performance and reliability of the competing Renault units, the parent team Red Bull Racing agreed to also take on Honda engines for the 2019 season replacing Renault. So far at the start of the 2019 campaign, Honda engines have proved reliable and fast, greatly reducing the gap to the leading Mercedes and Ferrari power units. Their first victory of the hybrid era was at the Austrian Grand Prix.

As an engine manufacturer, Honda has won six World Constructors' Championships, five World Drivers' Championships and over 70 Grands Prix, ranking fifth in Formula One history.

James Hunt

James Simon Wallis Hunt (29 August 1947 – 15 June 1993) was a British racing driver who won the Formula One World Championship in 1976. After retiring from racing in 1979, Hunt became a media commentator and businessman.

Beginning his racing career in touring car racing, Hunt progressed into Formula Three, where he attracted the attention of the Hesketh Racing team and soon came under their wing. Hunt's often reckless and action-packed exploits on track earned him the nickname "Hunt the Shunt" (shunt, as a British motor-racing term, means "crash"). Hunt entered Formula One in 1973, driving a March 731 entered by the Hesketh Racing team. He went on to win for Hesketh, driving their own Hesketh 308 car, in both World Championship and non-championship races, before joining the McLaren team at the end of 1975. In his first year with McLaren, Hunt won the 1976 World Drivers' Championship, and he remained with the team for a further two years, although with less success, before moving to the Wolf team in early 1979. Following a string of races in which he failed to finish, Hunt retired from driving halfway through the 1979 season.

After retiring from motor racing, he established a career commenting on Grands Prix for the BBC.

Hunt died from a heart attack aged 45.

Jenson Button

Jenson Alexander Lyons Button (born 19 January 1980) is a British racing driver and former Formula One driver. He won the 2009 Formula One World Championship, driving for Brawn GP. He currently competes in the Japanese Super GT Series driving a Honda NSX-GT for Team Kunimitsu, in which he won the title in 2018.Button began karting at the age of eight and achieved early success, before progressing to car racing in the British Formula Ford Championship and the British Formula 3 Championship. He first drove in Formula One with Williams for the 2000 season. The following year he switched to Benetton, which in 2002 became Renault, and then for the 2003 season he moved to BAR. In 2004 he finished 3rd in the World Drivers' Championship, with only the two Ferraris ahead of him. BAR was subsequently renamed Honda for the 2006 season, during which Button won his first Grand Prix in Hungary, after 113 races.Following the withdrawal of Honda from the sport in December 2008, he was left without a drive for the 2009 season, until Ross Brawn led a management buyout of the team in February 2009, and Button suddenly found himself in a highly competitive, Mercedes-engined car. He went on to win a record-tying six of the first seven races of the 2009 season, securing the World Drivers' Championship at the Brazilian Grand Prix, having led on points all season; his success also helped Brawn GP to secure the World Constructors' Championship.

For 2010, he moved to McLaren, partnering fellow British racer and former World Champion Lewis Hamilton. After finishing fifth for the team in 2010, Button finished the 2011 season as runner-up. In 2012 he took his first pole for McLaren at the 2012 Belgian Grand Prix. He spent a fifth season with the McLaren team in 2014, his fifteenth in Formula One, and went on to complete two further years at the team in 2015 and 2016 before stepping back from full-time racing to take an ambassadorial and reserve driver role. He returned for a one-off appearance at the 2017 Monaco Grand Prix in place of Fernando Alonso which elevated him to joint second with Michael Schumacher in the list of all-time F1 starts. From the 306 races that Button has started he has won 15, with a total of 50 podium finishes despite driving uncompetitive machinery for most of his career. His time in F1 was characterised by fallow early years as he tried to make his mark, a competitive and ultimately successful middle stint in which he won the World Championship and won races for McLaren and a difficult end to his career as the team struggled with the new regulations introduced in 2014.

Lando Norris

Lando Norris (born 13 November 1999) is a British racing driver currently competing in Formula One, for McLaren. He won the MSA Formula championship in 2015, and the Toyota Racing Series, Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 and Formula Renault 2.0 Northern European Cup in 2016. He also received the McLaren Autosport BRDC Award that year. He subsequently won the 2017 FIA Formula 3 European Championship. He was a member of the McLaren young driver programme.

Lewis Hamilton

Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton (born 7 January 1985) is a British racing driver who races in Formula One for Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. A five-time Formula One World Champion, he is often considered the best driver of his generation and widely regarded as one of the greatest drivers in the history of the sport. He won his first World Championship title with McLaren in 2008, then moved to Mercedes where he won back-to-back titles in 2014 and 2015 before winning back-to-back titles again in 2017 and 2018. The most successful British driver in the history of the sport, Hamilton has more World Championship titles (5) and more race victories (80) than any other British driver in Formula One. He also holds records for the all-time most career points (3,241), the most wins at different circuits (26), the all-time most pole positions (86) and the most grand slams in a season (3).Born and raised in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, Hamilton's interest in racing started when his father bought him a radio-controlled car when he was six. He was signed to McLaren's young driver support programme in 1998, after he approached McLaren team principal Ron Dennis at an awards ceremony three years earlier and said "one day I want to be racing your cars". After winning the British Formula Renault, Formula 3 Euro Series, and GP2 championships on his way up the racing career ladder, he made his Formula One debut twelve years after his initial encounter with Dennis, driving for McLaren in 2007. Coming from a mixed background, with a black father and white mother, Hamilton is the first and only black driver to race in Formula One.In his first season in Formula One, Hamilton set numerous records as he finished runner-up in the 2007 season to Kimi Räikkönen by just one point, including those for the most consecutive podium finishes from debut (9), the joint most wins in a debut season (4) and the most points in a debut season (109). The following season, he won his first title in dramatic fashion; on the last corner of the last lap in the last race of the season, becoming the then-youngest Formula One World Champion in history. After four more years with McLaren without finishing higher than fourth in the drivers' standings, Hamilton signed with Mercedes in 2013, reuniting with his childhood karting teammate, Nico Rosberg. In his first season, he finished 4th once again, the third time in five years.

Changes to regulations mandating the use of turbo-hybrid engines contributed to the start of a highly successful era for Hamilton and Mercedes, during which he has won a further four World Championship titles. Hamilton won consecutive titles in 2014 and 2015 during an intense and sometimes volatile rivalry with teammate Nico Rosberg, to match his hero Ayrton Senna's three World Championships. Following Rosberg's retirement, Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel became Hamilton's closest rival as the pair engaged in two intense championship battles, but Hamilton prevailed to claim consecutive titles for the second time in his career in 2017 and 2018, joining Juan Manuel Fangio and Michael Schumacher as drivers with five or more World Championship titles.

Malcolm McLaren

Malcolm Robert Andrew McLaren (22 January 1946 – 8 April 2010) was an English impresario, visual artist, performer, musician, clothes designer and boutique owner, notable for combining these activities in an inventive and provocative way. He is best known as a promoter and manager of bands the New York Dolls and the Sex Pistols.

Brought up unconventionally by his grandmother after his father, Peter, left the family home, McLaren attended a number of British art colleges and adopted the stance of the social rebel in the style of French revolutionaries the Situationists.

With a keen eye for trends, McLaren realised that a new protest style was needed for the 1970s, and largely initiated the punk movement, for which he supplied fashions from the Chelsea boutique SEX, which he operated with girlfriend Vivienne Westwood.

After a spell advising the New York Dolls in the U.S., McLaren managed the Sex Pistols, for which he recruited the nihilistic frontman Johnny Rotten. The issue of a controversial record, "God Save the Queen", satirising the Queen's Jubilee in 1977, was typical of McLaren's shock tactics, and he gained publicity by being arrested after a promotional boat trip outside the Houses of Parliament.

McLaren also performed as a solo artist, initially popularising hip hop and world music and later diversifying into funk and disco, the dance fashion for "voguing" and merging opera with contemporary electronic musical forms. When accused of turning popular culture into a cheap marketing gimmick, he joked that he hoped it was true.

In his later years, he lived in Paris and New York City, and died of peritoneal mesothelioma in a Swiss hospital.

McLaren 12C

The McLaren MP4-12C, later known simply as the McLaren 12C, is a sports car designed and manufactured by McLaren Automotive. It is the first ever production car wholly designed and built by McLaren, and their first production road car produced since the McLaren F1, which ended production in 1998. The car's final design was unveiled in September 2009 and was launched in mid-2011.

The MP4-12C uses a carbon fibre composite chassis, and is powered by a longitudinally-mounted McLaren M838T 3.8 L (3,799 cc) twin-turbocharged V8 engine, generating approximately 600 PS (592 hp; 441 kW) at 7,500 rpm and around 600 N⋅m (443 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 5,600 rpm. The car makes use of Formula 1-sourced technologies such as "brake steer", where the inside rear wheel is braked during fast cornering to reduce understeer. Power is transmitted to the wheels through a seven-speed dual-clutch transmission manufactured by SSG. The entire drivetrain is the first to be entirely designed and produced in house by McLaren.

A convertible version of the car called the MP4-12C Spider, renamed the 12C Spider in 2012, is also available. In February 2014, McLaren announced the related 650S, with revised bodywork, upgraded engine and other technical improvements. In April 2014, McLaren announced the end of production of the 12C.

McLaren Automotive

McLaren Automotive (formerly known as McLaren Cars) is a British automotive manufacturer based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, Surrey. The main products of the company are sports cars, usually produced in-house at designated production facilities. In July 2017, McLaren Automotive became a 100% owned subsidiary of the wider McLaren Group.

McLaren F1

The McLaren F1 is a sports car designed and manufactured by McLaren Cars. Originally a concept conceived by Gordon Murray, he convinced Ron Dennis to back the project and engaged Peter Stevens to design the exterior and interior of the car. On 31 March 1998, the XP5 prototype with a modified rev limiter set the Guinness World Record for the world's fastest production car, reaching 240.1 mph (386.4 km/h), surpassing the modified Jaguar XJ220's 217.1 mph (349 km/h) record from 1992. The McLaren's record lasted until the Koenigsegg CCR surpassed it in 2005, followed by the Bugatti Veyron. Only low production volume cars like the 1993 Dauer 962 Le Mans which attained 251.4 mph (404.6 km/h) in 1998 were faster.The car features numerous proprietary designs and technologies; it is lighter and has a more streamlined structure than many modern sports cars, despite having one seat more than most similar sports cars, with the driver's seat located in the centre (and slightly forward) of two passengers' seating positions, providing driver visibility superior to that of a conventional seating layout. It features a powerful engine and is somewhat track oriented, but not to the degree that it compromises everyday usability and comfort. It was conceived as an exercise in creating what its designers hoped would be considered the ultimate road car. Despite not having been designed as a track machine, a modified race car edition of the vehicle won several races, including the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1995, where it faced purpose-built prototype race cars. Production began in 1992 and ended in 1998. In all, 106 cars were manufactured, with some variations in the design.In 1994, the British car magazine Autocar stated in a road test regarding the F1, "The McLaren F1 is the finest driving machine yet built for the public road." They further stated, "The F1 will be remembered as one of the great events in the history of the car, and it may possibly be the fastest production road car the world will ever see." In 2005, Channel4 placed the car at number one on their list of the 100 greatest cars, calling it "the greatest automotive achievement of all time". In popular culture, the McLaren F1 has earned its spot as 'The greatest automobile ever created' and 'The Most Excellent Sports Car Of All Time' amongst a wide variety of car enthusiasts and lovers. Notable past and present McLaren F1 owners include Elon Musk, Jay Leno, George Harrison, and the Sultan of Brunei.

In the April 2017 issue of Top Gear Magazine, the McLaren F1 was listed as one of the fastest naturally aspirated cars currently available in the world, and in the same league as the more modern vehicles such as the Ferrari Enzo and Aston Martin One-77 despite being produced and engineered 10 years prior the Ferrari Enzo and 17 years prior the Aston Martin One-77.

McLaren MP4/1

The McLaren MP4/1 (initially known as the MP4) was a Formula One racing car produced by the McLaren team. It was used during the 1981, 1982 and 1983 seasons. It was the first Formula One car to use a monocoque chassis wholly manufactured from carbon fibre composite, a concept which is now ubiquitous.

The MP4 was the first car to be built following the merger of the McLaren team and Ron Dennis' Project 4 Formula 2 team, as the car's name (short for "Marlboro Project 4") indicates.

McLaren P1

The McLaren P1 is a limited-production plug-in hybrid sports car produced by British automobile manufacturer McLaren Automotive. Debuted at the 2012 Paris Motor Show, sales of the P1 began in the UK in October 2013 and all 375 units were sold out by November. Production ended in early December 2015. The United States accounted for 34% of the units and Europe for 26%.It is considered by the automotive press to be the successor to the F1, utilising hybrid power and Formula 1 technology, but does not have the same three-seat layout. It was later confirmed that the Speedtail served as the actual successor to the F1. Like the F1, the P1 has a mid-engine, rear wheel drive design that used a carbon fibre monocoque and roof structure safety cage concept called MonoCage, which is a development of the MonoCell first used in the MP4-12C and then in subsequent models. Its main competitors were the LaFerrari and the Porsche 918. They are all similar in specifications and performance, and in a race around Silverstone circuit they were all within half a second of each other, the P1 finishing first at 58.24 seconds and the LaFerrari finishing last at 58.58 seconds; the 918 was in-between with 58.46 seconds.58 units of the track oriented P1 GTR and 5 units of its road legal counterpart, the P1 LM were produced after the initial run of 375 cars.

13 eXperimental Prototype 'XP', 5 Validation Prototypes 'VP' and 3 Pre-Production 'PP' cars were produced by McLaren before the production of the P1 started, a number of which have been refurbished, modified and sold to customers.

Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren

The Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren (C199 / R199 / Z199) is a grand tourer jointly developed by German automotive manufacturer Mercedes-Benz and British automobile manufacturer McLaren Automotive and sold from 2003 to 2010. When the car was developed, Mercedes-Benz owned 40 percent of the McLaren Group and the car was produced in conjunction between the two companies.

SLR is an abbreviation for "Sport Leicht Rennsport" (Sport Light Racing), a homage to the Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR which served as the car's inspiration. The car was offered in coupé, roadster and speedster bodystyles with the latter being a limited edition model.

The SLR was succeeded by the SLS AMG in 2010.

Niki Lauda

Andreas Nikolaus Lauda (22 February 1949 – 20 May 2019) was an Austrian Formula One driver, a three-time F1 World Drivers' Champion, winning in 1975, 1977 and 1984, and an aviation entrepreneur. He was the only driver in F1 history to have been champion for both Ferrari and McLaren, the sport's two most successful constructors. He is widely considered one of the greatest F1 drivers of all time. As an aviation entrepreneur, he founded and ran three airlines: Lauda Air, Niki, and Lauda. He was a Bombardier Business Aircraft brand ambassador. He was also a consultant for Scuderia Ferrari and team manager of the Jaguar Formula One racing team for two years. Afterwards, he worked as a pundit for German TV during Grand Prix weekends and acted as non-executive chairman of Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport, of which Lauda owned 10%.Having emerged as Formula One's star driver amid a 1975 title win and leading the 1976 championship battle, Lauda was seriously injured in a crash at the 1976 German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring during which his Ferrari 312T2 burst into flames, and he came close to death after inhaling hot toxic fumes and suffering severe burns. However, he survived and recovered sufficiently to race again just six weeks later at the Italian Grand Prix. Although he lost that year's title – by just one point – to James Hunt, he won his second championship the year after, during his final season at Ferrari. After a couple of years at Brabham and two years' hiatus, Lauda returned and raced four seasons for McLaren between 1982 and 1985 – during which he won the 1984 title by half a point over his teammate Alain Prost.

Sex Pistols

The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band that formed in London in 1975. They were responsible for initiating the punk movement in the United Kingdom and inspiring many later punk and alternative rock musicians. Although their initial career lasted just two and a half years and produced only four singles and one studio album, Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols, they are regarded as one of the most influential acts in the history of popular music.The Sex Pistols originally comprised vocalist Johnny Rotten (John Lydon), guitarist Steve Jones, drummer Paul Cook and bassist Glen Matlock. Matlock was replaced by Sid Vicious in early 1977. Under the management of Malcolm McLaren, the band attracted controversies that both captivated and appalled Britain. Through an obscenity-laced television interview in December 1976 and their May 1977 single "God Save the Queen", attacking Britons' social conformity and deference to the Crown, they precipitated the punk rock movement.

In January 1978, at the end of an over-hyped and turbulent tour of the United States, Rotten announced the band’s break-up. Over the next few months, the three remaining band members recorded songs for McLaren's film version of the Sex Pistols' story, The Great Rock 'n' Roll Swindle. Vicious died of a heroin overdose in February 1979, following his arrest for the alleged murder of his girlfriend.

Rotten, Jones, Cook and Matlock briefly reunited for a concert tour in 1996. On 24 February 2006, the Sex Pistols—the four original members plus Vicious—were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, but they refused to attend the ceremony, calling the museum "a piss stain".

Formula One results
(italics indicates non-works entries; bold indicates championships won)
Year Name Car Engine Tyres No. Drivers Points WCC
1966 United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing M2B Ford 406 3.0 V8
Serenissima M166 3.0 V8
F N/A[N 1] New Zealand Bruce McLaren 2
1
9th
12th
1967 United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing M4B
M5A
BRM P56 2.0 V8
BRM P142 3.0 V12
G N/A[N 1] New Zealand Bruce McLaren 3 10th
1968 United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing M5A
M7A
BRM P142 3.0 V12
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
G N/A[N 1] New Zealand Denny Hulme
New Zealand Bruce McLaren
3
49
10th
2nd
1969 United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing M7A
M7B
M7C
M9A
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G N/A[N 1] New Zealand Bruce McLaren
New Zealand Denny Hulme
United Kingdom Derek Bell
38 (40) 5th
1970 United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing M7D
M14A
M14D
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
Alfa Romeo T33 3.0 V8
G N/A[N 1] New Zealand Bruce McLaren
New Zealand Denny Hulme
United Kingdom Peter Gethin
United States Dan Gurney
Italy Andrea de Adamich
Italy Nanni Galli
35
0
5th
NC
1971 United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing M14A
M19A
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G N/A[N 1] New Zealand Denny Hulme
United Kingdom Peter Gethin
United Kingdom Jackie Oliver
10 6th
1972 United Kingdom Yardley Team McLaren M19A
M19C
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G N/A[N 1] New Zealand Denny Hulme
United States Peter Revson
United Kingdom Brian Redman
South Africa Jody Scheckter
47 (49) 3rd
1973 United Kingdom Yardley Team McLaren M19A
M19C
M23
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G N/A[N 1] New Zealand Denny Hulme
United States Peter Revson
South Africa Jody Scheckter
Belgium Jacky Ickx
58 3rd
1974 United Kingdom Yardley Team McLaren
United Kingdom Marlboro Team Texaco
M23 Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 5.
6.
33.
33.
33.
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
New Zealand Denny Hulme
United Kingdom Mike Hailwood
United Kingdom David Hobbs
Germany Jochen Mass
73 (75) 1st
1975 United Kingdom Marlboro Team Texaco M23 Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 1.
2.
Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi
Germany Jochen Mass
53 3rd
1976 United Kingdom Marlboro Team McLaren M23
M26
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 11.
12.
United Kingdom James Hunt
Germany Jochen Mass
74 (75) 2nd
1977 United Kingdom Marlboro Team McLaren M23
M26
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 1.
2.
14.
40.
United Kingdom James Hunt
Germany Jochen Mass
Italy Bruno Giacomelli
Canada Gilles Villeneuve
60 3rd
1978 United Kingdom Marlboro Team McLaren M26 Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 7.
8.
33.
United Kingdom James Hunt
France Patrick Tambay
Italy Bruno Giacomelli
15 8th
1979 United Kingdom Marlboro Team McLaren
United Kingdom Löwenbräu Team McLaren
M26
M28
M28B
M28C
M29
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 7.
8.
United Kingdom John Watson
France Patrick Tambay
15 7th
1980 United Kingdom Marlboro Team McLaren M29B
M29C
M30
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G 7.
8.
8.
United Kingdom John Watson
France Alain Prost
United Kingdom Stephen South
11 9th
1981 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International M29C
M29F
MP4
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 M 7.
8.
United Kingdom John Watson
Italy Andrea de Cesaris
28 6th
1982 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International MP4B Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 M 7.
8.
United Kingdom John Watson
Austria Niki Lauda
69 2nd
1983 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International MP4/1C
MP4/1E
Ford-Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
TAG-Porsche 1.5 V6 t
M 7.
8.
United Kingdom John Watson
Austria Niki Lauda
34
0
5th
NC
1984 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International MP4/2 TAG-Porsche 1.5 V6 t M 7.
8.
Austria Niki Lauda
France Alain Prost
143.5 1st
1985 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International MP4/2B TAG-Porsche 1.5 V6 t G 1.
1.
2.
Austria Niki Lauda
United Kingdom John Watson
France Alain Prost
90 1st
1986 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International MP4/2C TAG-Porsche 1.5 V6 t G 1.
2.
France Alain Prost
Finland Keke Rosberg
96 2nd
1987 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International MP4/3 TAG-Porsche 1.5 V6 t G 1.
2.
France Alain Prost
Sweden Stefan Johansson
76 2nd
1988 United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren MP4/4 Honda RA168E 1.5 V6 t G 11.
12.
France Alain Prost
Brazil Ayrton Senna
199 1st
1989 United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren MP4/5 Honda RA109E 3.5 V10 G 1.
2.
Brazil Ayrton Senna
France Alain Prost
141 1st
1990 United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren MP4/5B Honda RA100E 3.5 V10 G 27.
28.
Brazil Ayrton Senna
Austria Gerhard Berger
121 1st
1991 United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren MP4/6 Honda RA121E 3.5 V12 G 1.
2.
Brazil Ayrton Senna
Austria Gerhard Berger
139 1st
1992 United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren MP4/6B
MP4/7A
Honda RA122E 3.5 V12
Honda RA122E/B 3.5 V12
G 1.
2.
Brazil Ayrton Senna
Austria Gerhard Berger
99 2nd
1993 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren MP4/8 Ford HBE7 3.5 V8 G 7.
7.
8.
United States Michael Andretti
Finland Mika Häkkinen
Brazil Ayrton Senna
84 2nd
1994 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren Peugeot MP4/9 Peugeot A6 3.5 V10 G 7.
7.
8.
Finland Mika Häkkinen
France Philippe Alliot
United Kingdom Martin Brundle
42 4th
1995 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren Mercedes MP4/10
MP4/10B
MP4/10C
Mercedes FO 110 3.0 V10 G 7.
7.
8.
8.
United Kingdom Mark Blundell
United Kingdom Nigel Mansell
Finland Mika Häkkinen
Denmark Jan Magnussen
30 4th
1996 United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren Mercedes MP4/11 Mercedes FO 110 3.0 V10 G 7.
8.
Finland Mika Häkkinen
United Kingdom David Coulthard
49 4th
1997 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4/12 Mercedes FO 110E 3.0 V10
Mercedes FO 110F 3.0 V10
G 9.
10.
Finland Mika Häkkinen
United Kingdom David Coulthard
63 4th
1998 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4/13 Mercedes FO 110G 3.0 V10 B 7.
8.
United Kingdom David Coulthard
Finland Mika Häkkinen
156 1st
1999 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4/14 Mercedes FO 110H 3.0 V10 B 1.
2.
Finland Mika Häkkinen
United Kingdom David Coulthard
124 2nd
2000 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4/15 Mercedes FO 110J 3.0 V10 B 1.
2.
Finland Mika Häkkinen
United Kingdom David Coulthard
152 2nd
2001 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4-16 Mercedes FO 110K 3.0 V10 B 3.
4.
Finland Mika Häkkinen
United Kingdom David Coulthard
102 2nd
2002 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4-17 Mercedes FO 110M 3.0 V10 M 3.
4.
United Kingdom David Coulthard
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
65 3rd
2003 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4-17D Mercedes FO 110M 3.0 V10
Mercedes FO 110P 3.0 V10
M 5.
6.
United Kingdom David Coulthard
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
142 3rd
2004 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes MP4-19
MP4-19B
Mercedes FO 110Q 3.0 V10 M 5.
6.
United Kingdom David Coulthard
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
69 5th
2005 United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes
United Kingdom Team McLaren Mercedes
MP4-20 Mercedes FO 110R 3.0 V10 M 9.
10.
10.
10.
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
Spain Pedro de la Rosa
Austria Alexander Wurz
182 2nd
2006 United Kingdom Team McLaren Mercedes MP4-21 Mercedes FO 108S 2.4 V8 M 3.
4.
4.
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya
Spain Pedro de la Rosa
110 3rd
2007 United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes MP4-22 Mercedes FO 108T 2.4 V8 B 1.
2.
Spain Fernando Alonso
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
0 (203) EX
2008 United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes MP4-23 Mercedes FO 108T 2.4 V8 B 22.
23.
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Heikki Kovalainen
151 2nd
2009 United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes MP4-24 Mercedes FO 108W 2.4 V8 B 1.
2.
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Heikki Kovalainen
71 3rd
2010 United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes MP4-25 Mercedes FO 108X 2.4 V8 B 1.
2.
United Kingdom Jenson Button
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
454 2nd
2011 United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes MP4-26 Mercedes FO 108Y 2.4 V8 P 3.
4.
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
United Kingdom Jenson Button
497 2nd
2012 United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes MP4-27 Mercedes FO 108Z 2.4 V8 P 3.
4.
United Kingdom Jenson Button
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
378 3rd
2013 United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes MP4-28 Mercedes FO 108F 2.4 V8 P 5.
6.
United Kingdom Jenson Button
Mexico Sergio Pérez
122 5th
2014 United Kingdom McLaren Mercedes MP4-29 Mercedes PU106A Hybrid 1.6 V6t P 20.
22.
Denmark Kevin Magnussen
United Kingdom Jenson Button
181 5th
2015 United Kingdom McLaren Honda MP4-30 Honda RA615H 1.6 V6t P 14.
20.
22.
Spain Fernando Alonso
Denmark Kevin Magnussen
United Kingdom Jenson Button
27 9th
2016 United Kingdom McLaren Honda MP4-31 Honda RA616H 1.6 V6t P 14.
22.
47.
Spain Fernando Alonso
United Kingdom Jenson Button
Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne
76 6th
2017 United Kingdom McLaren Honda MCL32 Honda RA617H 1.6 V6t P 2.
14.
22.
Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne
Spain Fernando Alonso
United Kingdom Jenson Button
30 9th
2018 United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team MCL33 Renault R.E.18 1.6 V6t P 2.
14.
Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne
Spain Fernando Alonso
62 6th
2019 United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team MCL34 Renault E-Tech 19 1.6 V6t P 4.
55.
United Kingdom Lando Norris
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
60* 4th*
* Season still in progress.
Source:[203]
United Kingdom McLaren Racing Ltd.
2019 season
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