McKinney is a city in and the county seat of Collin County, Texas, United States. It is Collin County's second-largest city, after Plano. Part of the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex, McKinney is about 32 miles (51 km) north of Dallas.
The Census Bureau listed McKinney as the nation's fastest-growing city from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, among cities with more than 50,000 people. In 2007, it was ranked second-fastest-growing among cities with more than 100,000 people and in 2008 as third-fastest. In the 2010 census, the city's population was 131,117, making it Texas's 19th-most populous city. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2019, is 187,802. As of May 2017, McKinney City was the third-fastest-growing city in the United States.
|City of McKinney|
One of McKinney's water towers in 2009.
"Unique by nature"
Location in the United States
|• Mayor||George Fuller|
|• City Council|
|• Total||62.9 sq mi (162.9 km2)|
|• Land||62.2 sq mi (161.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)|
|Elevation||630 ft (192 m)|
|• Total||168,358 (US: 147th)|
|• Density||2,494/sq mi (962.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1341241|
On March 24, 1849, William Davis, who owned 3,000 acres (12 km2) where McKinney now stands, donated 120 acres (0.49 km2) for the townsite. Ten years later, McKinney incorporated, and in 1913, the town adopted the commission form of government.
For the first 125 years of its history, McKinney served as the principal commercial center for the county. The county seat provided farmers with flour, corn, and cotton mills, cotton gins, a cotton compress, and a cottonseed oil mill, as well as banks, churches, schools, newspapers, and from the 1880s, an opera house. Businesses also came to include a textile mill, an ice company, a large dairy, and a garment-manufacturing company. The population grew from 35 in 1848 to 4,714 in 1912. By 1953, McKinney had a population of more than 10,000 and 355 businesses. The town continued to serve as an agribusiness center for the county until the late 1960s.
By 1970, McKinney was surpassed in size by Plano. McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. By the mid-1980s, the town had become a commuter center for residents who worked in Plano and Dallas. In 1985, it had a population of just over 16,000 and supported 254 businesses. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 with 2,005 businesses and in the 2010 census the population had more than doubled to 131,117 residents. The Census Bureau's most recent estimated population for McKinney (July 1, 2015) is 162,898. The most recent population estimate, produced by the city as of January 1, 2017, is 168,358.
Both the city and the county were named for Collin McKinney, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and a congressman for the Red River district of the Republic of Texas. He was the author of a bill establishing counties in the northern part of the state.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.9 square miles (162.9 km2), of which 62.2 square miles (161.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square mile (1.7 km2), or 1.07%, is covered by water.
McKinney is considered part of the humid subtropical region.
It is also part of the Texas blackland prairies, which means it gets hot summers because it is in the Sun Belt. Humidity makes temperatures feel higher, and winters are mild and are usually rainy; snowstorms occasionally occur. Spring is the wettest part of the year, which brings winds from the Gulf Coast.
As of the 2010 census McKinney had a population of 131,117. The median age was 33. The racial composition of the population was 74.8% White, 10.5% Black, 0.7% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 3.1% reporting two or more races. About 18.6% of residents were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 28,186 households, 45.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were not families; 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city, the population was distributed as 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 36.4% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $63,366, and for a family was $72,133. Males had a median income of $50,663 versus $32,074 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,185. About 4.9% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
Between 1970 and 1990, McKinney experienced moderate population growth, from 15,193 in the 1970 census, to 21,283 in the 1990 census. Since then, McKinney's rate of increase has been much more dramatic. In the 2000 census, McKinney had grown to 54,369 and to 131,117 in the 2010 census.
As of the 2000 U.S. Census, 64% of the foreign-born residents of McKinney originated from Mexico. As of 2009, 70% of McKinney's total population born outside of the United States had arrived to the U.S. in the 1990s. In May 2017, the US Census Bureau reported that McKinney City, Texas was the third fastest-growing city in the United States. It had a 5.9% growth rate between 2015 and 2016.
According to the city's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top 10 employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Raytheon Space & Airborne Systems||2,725|
|3||McKinney Independent School District||2,500|
|5||Encore Wire Corporation||1,350|
|6||City of McKinney||1,271|
|7||Medical Center of McKinney||1,000|
|8||Baylor Scott & White Medical Center - McKinney||738|
|10||Watson & Chalin Mfg Inc.||350|
The Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (2016) states that the city's various funds had $324.6 million in total revenues, $247.9 million in total expenditures, $1,360.8 million in total assets, $437.6 million in total liabilities, and $363.9 million in cash and investments.
The McKinney City Council has seven members. Two council members and the mayor are elected at large, and four council members are elected to single-member districts.
McKinney's City Manager serves under the direction of the City Council, and administers and coordinates the implementation of procedures, policies, and ordinances.
The city of McKinney is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.
McKinney is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Angela Paxton, District 8, and Republican Pat Fallon, District 30. McKinney is also represented in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Scott Sanford, District 70.
At the federal level, the two U.S. senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz. McKinney is part of Texas's U.S. Congressional 3rd District, which is represented by Republican Van Taylor.
The McKinney Police Department is the primary municipal law enforcement agency that serves the city. Chief Greg Conley is the head of the department and for fiscal year 2016–17 there was an authorized total of 201 sworn peace officers and 59 non-sworn civilian positions. The department was awarded national accredited status from the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) and is also a Texas Police Chief's Association Foundation (TPCAF) Recognized Agency, making it only the third agency in Texas to receive both state and national accreditation. Notable recent incidents in the department's history include the high-profile investigation of a 2004 quadruple homicide that claimed the lives of two adults and two high school football players, a 2010 attack on the police department headquarters by a gunman who fired over 100 rifle rounds at the building and employees after attempting to detonate a truck and trailer full of explosives, and protests and media attention in 2015 after a video was released showing an officer pinning a girl at a pool party in McKinney to the ground with his knees. The department has lost three officers in the line of duty: City Marshal Samuel Burks in 1902, Officer Marion Taylor in 1938, and Officer Milligan Burk in 1970.
McKinney is the home of the Central Park Campus of Collin College near the city's center at US 75 and US 380, which opened in 1985 as the initial campus for the community college district. The Collin Higher Education Center campus of Collin College opened in southern McKinney in 2010 and offers select bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree programs in partnership with Texas A&M University-Commerce, Texas Woman's University, The University of Texas at Dallas, and the University of North Texas.
Two-thirds of McKinney residents are within the McKinney Independent School District; the remaining third are part of Frisco Independent School District, Prosper Independent School District, Allen Independent School District, Melissa Independent School District, Lovejoy Independent School District, or Celina Independent School District.
Five of the seven school districts serving the city placed in the top 5% in the Niche 2018 Best School Districts in America rankings; Allen ISD ranked #33 nationally, Frisco ISD ranked #60, Prosper ISD ranked #73, Lovejoy ISD ranked #78, and McKinney ISD ranked #268.
For high school, the two thirds of the city's students who are in McKinney ISD attend McKinney High School, McKinney North High School, McKinney Boyd High School, or Serenity High School. The remaining third of McKinney students attend Liberty High School, Independence High School, Heritage High School, Prosper High School, Allen High School, Melissa High School, Lovejoy High School, or Celina High School.
In the 2018 U.S. News & World Report High School Rankings, Lovejoy High School ranked #49 in Texas rankings and #283 in National rankings; McKinney North High School ranked #76 and #627, respectively, McKinney Boyd High School ranked #85 and #722, respectively, Frisco Liberty High School ranked #92 and #770, respectively, Prosper High School ranked #124 and #1100, respectively, and Allen High School ranked #130 and #1228, respectively.
Imagine International Academy of North Texas is a no-tuition open-enrollment public charter school for grades K–12 in McKinney. It is open to students within any school district that serves McKinney residents. It is state-funded, independently run, and not part of any school district.
There are two private schools in the city that serve all grades from K–12, McKinney Christian Academy and Cornerstone Christian Academy.
The newspaper has a daily circulation of 4,400 and a Sunday circulation of 26,400.
McKinney is served by two U.S. Highways: US 75 and US 380. The city is also bordered by the Sam Rayburn Tollway, a toll road administered by the North Texas Tollway Authority that runs to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.
McKinney no longer has public transit after financial troubles caused Texoma Area Paratransit System (TAPS) to stop offering contracted service in the city in 2015. As of late 2016 the city is pursuing a designation as an Urban Transit District to allow it to directly receive state and federal funds to re-establish some form of public transit.
The far southwestern corner of McKinney, in the large Craig Ranch development, has a trolley bus that serves the development and some shopping centers in the surrounding area.
The 2015 Texas pool party incident, also known as the "McKinney pool party", was a possibly racially motivated American civil disturbance that occurred on June 5, 2015, at a pool party in a gated McKinney, Texas, community. A McKinney police officer, corporal Eric Casebolt, was video-recorded violently restraining Dajerria Becton, a fifteen-year-old black girl wearing a swimsuit, on the ground. He later drew his handgun during the same incident. The incident was caught on video and was posted on YouTube by another teenage partygoer. Within hours, millions of people had seen the video. The officer shown in the video was placed on administrative leave pending an investigation and later resigned. The incident sparked protests in McKinney involving hundreds of people. but a grand jury declined to indict the officer involved.Ben Banogu
Benjamin Chinomso Banogu is a Nigerian-American football linebacker for the Indianapolis Colts of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at both Louisiana-Monroe and TCU.Brian Loughmiller
Brian S. Loughmiller was the mayor of McKinney, Texas from 2009 to 2017, after serving two terms as the council member of District 4.Loughmiller is currently a managing partner of Loughmiller Higgins P.C., a McKinney based firm specializing in family law.Brittany Lang
Brittany Lang (born August 22, 1985) is an American professional golfer who plays on the LPGA Tour. She has won one major championship, the 2016 U.S. Women's Open.Clem Daniels
Clemon C. Daniels Jr. (October 3, 1935 – March 23, 2019) was an American Professional Football star in the American Football League (AFL) who also played in the NFL.Dallas City FC
Dallas City FC (DCFC) is an American soccer club based in McKinney, Texas. DCFC competes in the National Premier Soccer League (NPSL) as a member of the Heartland Conference of the South Region. The club changed their name before beginning play in the NPSL. Early in 2017, it was announced that the club would no longer compete in the NPSL. However, when the 2017 season began, the NPSL listed DCFC in the standings in the place of Liverpool Warriors. The primary rival of DCFC in the NPSL is Fort Worth Vaqueros FC. The two clubs annually compete in a cup competition, the Trinity River Cup, which is a two-leg total goal series.Guinn Smith
Owen Guinn Smith (May 2, 1920 – January 20, 2004) was an American athlete, the 1948 Olympic champion in the pole vault.Born in McKinney, Texas, Smith moved to California when he was a child. He was originally a high jumper, but UC Berkeley, the university he wanted to attend, already had a strong high jumping team, so he took up pole vaulting. He won the NCAA championships in 1941, the year before he graduated as a history major. During the remainder of World War II, Guinn Smith served as an air force pilot in Asia.
Smith, the 1947 national pole vault champion, was sent to the 1948 Olympics in London. During a rainy competition, Smith took the gold in his last attempt for 4.30 m (14 ft 11⁄4 in).
He died at age 83 in San Francisco of emphysema.Haystacks Calhoun
William Dee Calhoun (August 3, 1934 – December 7, 1989) was an American professional wrestler, who used the professional name "Haystack" or "Haystacks" Calhoun.
The gargantuan wrestler was one of the foremost drawing crowds during the industry’s "kayfabe era" of the 1950s and 1960s, sporting his trademark white T-shirt, blue overalls, and horseshoe necklace. He is recognized as a chief pioneer of the sport’s super-heavyweight attractions.J. Michael Tatum
John Michael Tatum (born May 25, 1976 in McKinney, Texas) is an American voice actor, ADR director and script writer working for Funimation/OkraTron 5000 who provides voices for a number of English versions of Japanese anime series and video games.Madi Davis
Madi Anne Davis (born January 23, 1999) is an American singer-songwriter, who was a contestant on NBC's The Voice. She was a semi-finalist season nine and the longest-standing member of team Pharrell Williams. Her song, "Girls Just Want to Have Fun", performed on the show, charted on the Billboard magazine Hot 100 chart.Markeith Knowlton
Markeith Knowlton (born April 6, 1983 in McKinney, Texas) is a professional Canadian football linebacker who is currently a free-agent. He was most recently a member of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League. He went to the University of North Texas, wore number 42, is 6 feet tall and weighs 205 lbs. Knowlton wasn't selected in the 2004 NFL Draft after 4 years at North Texas. He had a brief tryout with the Cleveland Browns in April 2005.McKinney High School
McKinney High School (MHS) is located at 1400 Wilson Creek Parkway in McKinney, Texas, and is within the McKinney Independent School District. MHS is the oldest high school in McKinney and the current building opened in 1986, after moving from what is now Faubion Middle School.
Since the Texas Education Agency (TEA) rated the school as Academically Unacceptable following the 2009-10 school year, the school has shown improvement, being rated as Academically Acceptable in all following school years as of 2017.Nolan Thiessen
Nolan Thiessen (born November 6, 1980 in Pilot Mound, Manitoba) is a Canadian curler.Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems
Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems (SAS) is a major business segment of US defense conglomerate Raytheon. Headquartered in McKinney, Texas, SAS has a total employment of 12,000 and 2010 sales of US$ 4.8 billion. Rick Yuse is the segment's President. Yuse succeeded Jon Jones who died in March 2010.Key SAS capabilities include:
Airborne radars and processors
Electro-optic/infrared (EO/IR) sensors
Electronic warfare (EW) and precision guidance systems
Active electronically scanned array (AESA) radars
Space and missile defense technology
Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) systemsSAS has significant engineering and manufacturing facilities in El Segundo, California, and in McKinney, Texas; an electronic warfare center in Goleta, California; and a consolidated manufacturing facility in Forest, Mississippi.
SAS is a subcontractor in the development program for the next-generation airborne radar system, the Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program or MP-RTIP.Ronald Jones (running back)
Ronald Jones II (born August 3, 1997) is an American football running back for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at USC.Roy Furr
Roy Furr (1907 — June 13, 1975) was the president of the Furr's chain of supermarkets and restaurants. He was born in McKinney, Texas. As a boy he worked for his father C.W. Furr and brother Key Furr at the Kirkland Mercantile Company in Kirkland in Childress County, Texas. He studied at Clarendon College in Clarendon, Texas, and the University of Oklahoma at Norman.
He taught school until 1923, when he rejoined his father and older brother Key Furr in Amarillo to launch the Furr Food Stores. In 1929 Roy moved to Lubbock, where the Furr family bought six grocery stores from M systems, the continuation of the chain. After C.W. Furr's death, Key Furr, the older brother became president of Furr's, Inc., which grew rapidly, and at the time of Roy Furr's death it included sixty-eight supermarkets, as well as family centers in three states, fifty-seven cafeterias in seven states, 150 Cessna airplanes, 2 Falcon jets and a realty company in Lubbock.
Furr was the chairman of the board of Farm Pac Kitchens, Rore Realty Company, and Crone Oil Company, all companies that he established as he branched out from his supermarket business using money from the family business. He also served as a director of the First National Bank of Lubbock. He was on the boards of regents of Texas Tech University, Lubbock Christian College, and McMurry College in Abilene, Texas. In 1961, McMurry gave him an honorary doctorate.
Furr thought that the highest honor he ever received was the Great Americanism Award, which he accepted in the early 1970s from radio personality Paul Harvey as a commendation for his outstanding achievement in philanthropic work. He raised hundreds of thousands of dollars for various causes. Furr and his wife, Lela, had two sons and a daughter. Furr died on June 13, 1975, and is interred at Lubbock.
The family business fared poorly after Furr's death due to the misuse and over-extending of his son Roy Furr Jr. In 1979, the company declared bankruptcy; the grocery business was sold to a group of West German investors and the restaurant business, Furr's Cafeterias, was bought by Kmart.Scott Sanford
William Scott Sanford (born 1963) is an accountant and pastor from McKinney, Texas, who is a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 70 based in a portion of Collin County north of Dallas.Tom Kite
Thomas Oliver Kite Jr. (born December 9, 1949) is an American professional golfer and golf course architect. He spent 175 weeks in the top-10 of the Official World Golf Ranking between 1989 and 1994.Kite was born in McKinney, Texas. He began playing golf at age six, and won his first tournament at age 11. Kite attended the University of Texas on a golf scholarship and was coached by Harvey Penick. He turned professional in 1972 and has been a consistent money winner ever since. Known for his innovation, he was the first to add a third wedge to his bag, one of the first players to use a sports psychologist, and one of the first to emphasize physical fitness for game improvement. He also underwent laser eye surgery, due to his partial blindness, in a bid to improve his game late in his career.
He has 19 PGA Tour victories, including the 1992 U.S. Open at Pebble Beach. He competed on seven Ryder Cup squads (1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1993) and served as the 1997 captain. Kite holds a unique record of making the cut for the first four U.S. Opens held at Pebble Beach: 1972, 1982, 1992, and 2000. Kite also shares the distinction (with Gene Littler) of playing in the most Masters Tournaments without a win.In 1989 he was named PGA of America Player of the Year; in 1981 the Golf Writers Association Player of the Year, the Vardon Trophy winner in 1981 and 1982, Bob Jones Award recipient in 1979 and Golf Digest Rookie of the Year in 1973.
Kite was the first in Tour history to reach $6 million, $7 million, $8 million, and $9 million in career earnings. He was the Tour's leading money-winner in 1981 and 1989. In his prime Kite had few peers with the short irons. In 1993, Johnny Miller referred to Kite as "the greatest short-iron player the game has seen."In 2005 he led the PGA Tour's Booz Allen Classic by one shot going into the final round at the age of 55. If he had been able to stay ahead he would have beaten Sam Snead's record as the oldest winner on the PGA Tour by three years, but he fell away to finish tied 13th, seven shots behind Sergio García.
Kite currently plays the over 50s Champions Tour, where he has ten victories including one senior major, The Countrywide Tradition. At the 2012 U.S. Senior Open, Kite shot a front nine 28 (seven under par) in the first round. This was the lowest nine-hole score ever recorded in any USGA championship. He finished the tournament tied for 12th.
Kite has added golf course designer to his résumé and has successfully completed several golf courses in collaboration with Bob Cupp, Randy Russell and Roy Bechtol. Completed golf courses include Coco Beach Resort in Puerto Rico (home of the Puerto Rico Open); Liberty National in Jersey City, New Jersey; Comanche Trace in Kerrville, Texas; Somersett Country Club in Reno, Nevada; Gaillardia Golf & Country Club in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; and the Legends on LBJ in Kingsland, Texas.
Kite was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2004.Politically, Kite is a Republican.Torchmark
Torchmark Corporation, founded in 1900 in Birmingham, Alabama and based in McKinney, Texas, is a financial services holding company listed on the New York Stock Exchange which operates through its wholly owned subsidiaries providing life insurance, annuity, and supplemental health insurance products. Torchmark Corporation markets insurance products using multiple distribution channels, which include direct response, exclusive Agency, and independent systems. The company maintains a large operation in Birmingham, Alabama.
|Climate data for McKinney, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||87
|Average high °F (°C)||52.5
|Average low °F (°C)||31.1
|Record low °F (°C)||−7
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.43
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||.8
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.3||6.3||7.6||7.1||8.9||7.0||4.5||4.1||5.9||6.3||6.6||6.6||78.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||.8||1.0||.1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||.1||.2||2.2|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: The Weather Channel|
|Primary and secondary schools|
This list is incomplete.
Municipalities and communities of Collin County, Texas, United States
County seat: McKinney
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
|Cities and towns|
|Cities and towns|
|Cities and towns|
Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Texas
Places adjacent to McKinney, Texas