McClelland & Stewart

McClelland & Stewart Limited is a Canadian publishing company. It is owned by Random House of Canada, a branch of Random House, the international book publishing division of German media giant Bertelsmann.

McClelland & Stewart
Parent companyRandom House of Canada
FounderJohn McClelland and Frederick Goodchild
Country of originCanada
Headquarters locationToronto, Ontario
Publication typesBooks
ImprintsDouglas Gibson, Emblem, Tundra, New Canadian Library


It was founded in 1906 as McClelland and Goodchild by John McClelland and Frederick Goodchild, both originally employed with the "Methodist Book Room" which was later to become the Ryerson Press. In December 1913 George Stewart, who had also worked at the Methodist Book Room, joined the company, and the name of the firm was changed to McClelland, Goodchild and Stewart Limited. When Goodchild left to form his own company in 1918, the company's name was changed to McClelland and Stewart Limited, now sometimes shortened to M&S.

The first known imprint of the press is John D. Rockefeller's Random Reminiscences of Men and Events.[1] In the earliest years, M&S concentrated primarily on exclusive distribution and printing agreements with foreign-owned publishing houses. But the company did feature home-grown authors alongside their foreign offerings - the second catalogue issued by the company was titled Canadiana: A list of Books on Canada and Canadian Questions, Books by Canadian Writers.[2]

In 1910 Kilmeny of the Orchard by L. M. Montgomery was issued by the press, the first by a Canadian author.[3] The company slowly expanded its list of Canadian authors to include writers such as Bliss Carman, Duncan Campbell Scott and Stephen Leacock. When McClelland's son, Jack joined the company in 1946, the company started moving away from the distribution of books published outside the country. With the establishment of a Canadian subsidiary of Doubleday and Co., a firm which McClelland and Stewart had previously held Canadian distribution deals with, Jack started the move to a more Canadian-based catalogue: "I decided that I didn't want to be dependent on foreign agencies. I saw that a logical decision in London or New York could cut our volume in half. A Canadian nationalist was born overnight."[4] By 1962, most of the company's activities were associated with Canadian publishing. This included writers Margaret Atwood, Pierre Berton, Leonard Cohen, Peter Gzowski, Donald Jack, Margaret Laurence, Farley Mowat, Michael Ondaatje and Mordecai Richler.

Jack McClelland acted as the head of the company since the early 1950s, though he was officially in the position of general manager. John McClelland acted as chairman of the board of directors until his death in 1968.

Quality paperbacks were produced in Canada with their New Canadian Library series, launched with four titles. They were aimed at a college or university market, for course texts. The term "quality" was intended to suggest a divide between the mass market paperback and this higher production valued, often scholastic, publication. These paperbacks were the same size as mass market paperbacks, but had more sober covers, sometimes better quality binding, and were produced in smaller print runs. This was at a time when Canadian literary identity was beginning to be valued on a large scale level in Canada (it was after the war, and influenced by that as well). The 1950s had seen rare inclusions of Canadian content in English literature classes, and in the 1960s and 1970s, Canadian literature was being included more frequently in Canadian education. The New Canadian Library was said to have been an important factor in the establishment of the Canadian Literary identity. Macmillan of Canada was a major competitor of the New Canadian Library.

In 1986, M&S hired editor and publisher Douglas Gibson from Macmillan,[5] giving him his own Douglas Gibson Books imprint.[6] Many of the authors Gibson had worked with at Macmillan — including Alice Munro, Mavis Gallant, Robertson Davies, Jack Hodgins, Guy Vanderhaeghe, Hugh Maclennan and W.O. Mitchell — followed him to the new imprint.[5] The first book published under the Douglas Gibson Books imprint was Munro's The Progress of Love. Gibson became the publisher of McClelland and Stewart in 1988, and the company's president in 2000.[7]

At times, the company's financial future has been uncertain. In 1971, the Ontario Development Corporation made a $961,645 loan to stave off imminent collapse due to an unsustainable burden of debt.[8] In 1986, the company was purchased from McClelland by Avie Bennett. In 2000, Random House of Canada bought a 25% share in the company. The other 75% was donated to the University of Toronto. In 2011, Random House bought the remaining 75% of the company to become sole owner.[9]

Canada Post has issued a single commemorative stamp celebrating McClelland & Stewart's centennial. The stamp, designed by James Roberts of Overdrive (Design Limited), was issued nationwide on April 26, 2006, with the first day of issue ceremonies at the University of Toronto.

In 2011, University of Toronto sold its shares of McClelland & Stewart to Random House for $1, and today, it is entirely owned by the German media conglomerate, Bertelsmann.[10]


  1. ^ Carl Spadoni and Judy Donnelly. A Bibliography of McClelland and Stewart Imprints, 1909 - 1985: A Publisher's Legacy. Toronto: ECW Press, 1994. p.22
  2. ^ Carl Spadoni and Judy Donnelly. A Bibliography of McClelland and Stewart Imprints, 1909 - 1985: A Publisher's Legacy. Toronto: ECW Press, 1994. p. 24
  3. ^ Carl Spadoni and Judy Donnelly. A Bibliography of McClelland and Stewart Imprints, 1909 - 1985: A Publisher's Legacy. Toronto: ECW Press, 1994. p. 739
  4. ^ Elspeth Cameron. "Adventures in the Book Trade," in Saturday Night, November 1983. p. 33
  5. ^ a b Panofsky, Ruth (2012). The Literary Legacy of the Macmillan Company of Canada: Making Books and Mapping Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9780802098771.
  6. ^ "Munro follows publisher Gibson from Macmillan". Toronto Star, April 30, 1986.
  7. ^ Mark Medley, "Douglas Gibson: Life among his writers" Archived 2014-02-19 at National Post, December 23, 2011.
  8. ^ Carl Spadoni and Judy Donnelly. A Bibliography of McClelland and Stewart Imprints, 1909 - 1985: A Publisher's Legacy. Toronto: ECW Press, 1994. pp. 41-42
  9. ^ Random House of Canada becomes sole owner of McClelland & Stewart, The Star.
  10. ^ "How Canada's book publisher McClelland & Stewart became German-owned: author". CBC Radio. Retrieved 2018-02-01.

Further reading

  • James King, Jack: The Story of Jack McClelland, Toronto: Knopf Canada, 1999.
  • Roy Macskimming, The Perilous Trade: Book Publishing in Canada, 1946 - 2006. Toronto: Random House Canada, 2003.
  • Jack McClelland (edited by Sam Solecki), Imagining Canadian Literature: The Selected Letters of Jack McClelland, Toronto: Key Porter, 1998.

External links

David McClelland

David Clarence McClelland (May 20, 1917 – March 27, 1998) was an American psychologist, noted for his work on motivation Need Theory. He published a number of works between the 1950s and the 1990s and developed new scoring systems for the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and its descendants. McClelland is credited with developing Achievement Motivation Theory, commonly referred to as "need for achievement" or n-achievement theory. A Review of General Psychology survey published in 2002, ranked McClelland as the 15th most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

Death of Brandon McClelland

Brandon "Big Boy" McClelland (June 27, 1984 – September 16, 2008) was an African-American man whose death sparked racial controversy in the city of Paris, Texas. On September 16, 2008, McClelland was killed when he was first hit and run over by a vehicle, then dragged beneath it. At first, police assumed he was the victim of an anonymous hit-and-run accident in which his large frame was dragged under the vehicle, perhaps as far as 70 feet.

George M. Whitesides

George McClelland Whitesides (born August 3, 1939) is an American chemist and professor of chemistry at Harvard University. He is best known for his work in the areas of NMR spectroscopy, organometallic chemistry, molecular self-assembly, soft lithography, microfabrication, microfluidics, and nanotechnology. A prolific author and patent holder who has received many awards, he received the highest Hirsch index rating of all living chemists in 2011.

Glenn McClelland

Glenn McClelland is best known as the keyboardist for the band Ween.

Glenn started playing professionally at age 16 in a piano bar, subsequently playing with blues and jazz musicians including Sonny Rhodes, Johnny Copeland, and Richie Cole. In 1987, he joined Blood Sweat and Tears, where he remained until 1995, leaving to join Ween. In 2006, he resumed his membership in Blood, Sweat and Tears (while continuing with Ween). He is also a vocalist and keyboardist for Scott Rednor and His Band and The Happy Dog.He has a son named Charles Glenn McClelland who is also a musician.

Governor Robert McClelland House

The Governor Robert McClelland House is a private residence located at 47 East Elm Avenue in the city of Monroe in Monroe County, Michigan. It was listed as a Michigan Historic Site on March 3, 1971, and it was the first property in the county to be listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 3, 1971.The house was named in honor of famed politician Robert McClelland, who owned the house from 1841–1853. Today, the house is also part of the larger East Elm-North Macomb Street Historic District and is located in its original location just east of North Monroe Street (M-125) and across East Elm Avenue from the River Raisin in one of the oldest sections of Monroe.

Helen Grace McClelland

Helen Grace McClelland (July 25, 1887—December 20, 1984), a United States Army nurse, was awarded the United States Distinguished Service Cross and the British Royal Red Cross Medal (First Class) for heroic actions during World War I while serving at a British Base Hospital in France. McClelland was one of only three women to receive the Distinguished Service Cross award during World War I. After returning to the United States, McClelland spent twenty-three years as Director of Pennsylvania Hospital's School of Nursing. In her role, McClelland advocated for the professionalization and modernization of nursing. McClelland was inducted into the Ohio Women's Hall of Fame in 1978.

James McClelland (psychologist)

James Lloyd "Jay" McClelland, FBA (born December 1, 1948) is the Lucie Stern Professor at Stanford University, where he was formerly the chair of the Psychology Department. He is best known for his work on statistical learning and Parallel Distributed Processing, applying connectionist models (or neural networks) to explain cognitive phenomena such as spoken word recognition and visual word recognition. McClelland is to a large extent responsible for the large increase in scientific interest for connectionism in the 1980s.

John McClelland (doctor)

Sir John McClelland (1805–1883) was a British medical doctor with interests in geology and biology, who worked for the East India Company.

In 1835 he was sent on a mission (Tea Committee) to identify if tea could be grown in north-eastern India along with Nathaniel Wallich and William Griffith. This mission ran into troubles with the members of the group.

McClelland was appointed 1836 as the secretary of the "Coal Committee", the forerunner of the Geological Survey of India (GSI), formed to explore possibilities to exploit Indian coal. He was the first to propose hiring professional geologists for the task. He was also involved in surveys of forests and his reports led to the establishment of the Forest Department in India.

He also served as an interim superintendent of the Calcutta Botanical Garden from 1846 to 1847 and was editor of the Calcutta Journal of Natural History from 1841–1847. McClelland is commemorated in the name of the mountain bulbul, Ixos mcclellandii. In his work as an ichthyologist he described many species and several genera of fish, among them Schistura.

A species of venomous snake, Sinomicrurus macclellandi, is named in his honor.

John McClelland (footballer, born 1955)

John McClelland (born 7 December 1955 in Belfast) is a former Northern Ireland international footballer who played for several teams during a 23-year career. He worked for Leeds United as part of the tour groups for Elland Road. He is now (2018) a postman in the Wakefield area.

Mark McClelland

Mark Peter McClelland (born 30 March 1976 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) is a musician from Northern Ireland, known best as the former bass guitarist with the band Snow Patrol. McClelland is a recipient of the Ivor Novello Award for his work on the album, Final Straw. He is now the bassist for alternative act Little Doses.

McClelland, Iowa

McClelland is a city in Pottawattamie County, Iowa, United States. The population was 151 at the 2010 census.

McClelland Barclay

McClelland Barclay (1891 – 18 July 1943) was an American illustrator. By the age of 21, Barclay's work had been published in The Saturday Evening Post, Ladies' Home Journal, and Cosmopolitan. He was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Naval Reserve in 1938 and following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor he went on active duty. At the time of his death, in 1943, he was a Lt. Commander.

McClelland Trophy

The McClelland Trophy is an Australian rules football trophy, which has been awarded each year since 1991 by the Australian Football League (AFL) to the team finishing first on the ladder after the completion of the home-and-away season, before the finals are played. Between 1950 and 1990 it was awarded to the club that performed the best across the three levels of competition; seniors, reserves and under 19s.

Robert McClelland (American politician)

Robert McClelland (August 1, 1807 – August 30, 1880) was a US statesman, serving as U.S. Representative from Michigan, the ninth Governor of Michigan, and United States Secretary of the Interior.

Robert McClelland (Australian politician)

Robert Bruce McClelland (born 26 January 1958) is an Australian judge and former politician who has served on the Family Court of Australia since 2015. He was previously Attorney-General of Australia from 2007 to 2011, and a member of the House of Representatives from 1996 to 2013, representing the Labor Party.


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