Mbabane (/ˌʌmbɑːˈbɑːneɪ/;[1] Swazi: ÉMbábáne) is the capital and largest city in Eswatini. With an estimated population of 94,874 (2010), it is located on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the Mdzimba Mountains. It is located in the Hhohho Region, of which it is also the capital. The average elevation of the city is 1243 meters. It lies on the MR3 road.

A street in downtown Mbabane
A street in downtown Mbabane
Mbabane is located in Eswatini
Location of Mbabane in Eswatini
Coordinates: 26°19′S 31°08′E / 26.317°S 31.133°E
Country Eswatini
 • Total81.76 km2 (31.57 sq mi)
1,243 m (4,078 ft)
 • Total94,874
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Postal code


The town grew after the nation's administrative centre moved from Bremersdorp (now called Manzini) in 1902. It derives its name from a Chief, Mbabane Kunene, who lived in the area when British settlers arrived.

Mbabane was founded in 1887 by Mickey Wells, on the spot where the Transvaal-to-Mozambique route crossed the Mbabane river. It was declared the capital of the new Protectorate of Swaziland in 1902. During this time, Mbabane consisted of a few shops, churches and schools founded by white settlers. Black Africans were not allowed to live in the town and had to reside in nearby rural districts. By the 1930s, Mbabane had electricity, running water, telephone connection and a hospital.

Prior to the Second World War, most Swazis lived in rural districts and worked outside Eswatini, which prevented the town from growing.

After the war, the creation of trade schools in the city, the arrival of the railway connecting Maputo to the mines in South Africa, and foreign investment resources within Eswatini (particularly sugar) all contributed to the city's growth. Mbabane became the central hub for development in the Hhohho district.

In the years following independence, governmental buildings such as the British Consulate were built in Mbabane. Further growth has been achieved through the growth of the tourism industry in Eswatini, of which Mbabane has become the centre. Mbabane today is home to many hotels and recreational sites such as clubs and golf courses tending to tourists.[2][3]


Mbabane's closest border crossing to South Africa is Ngwenya-Oshoek, and though Swazi is the primary language, English is widespread. Mbabane, and Eswatini itself, depend on tourism and sugar exports. It is also a commercial hub for the surrounding region, while tin and iron were mined nearby. The city has two sites for light industries.

Education and culture

Mbabane is the home of the Waterford-Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa, as well as one of the three campuses of the University of Swaziland. Limkokwing University of Creative Technology is a private international university that lies by the South African-Eswatini border with several university candidates from Eswatini. Indingilizi Gallery is an art gallery in Mbabane, established in 1982 and showcases a range of Swazi art, including sculptures, paintings, batiks, mohair, ethnic jewellery and pottery.[4]


Mbabane is located in the district of Hhohho, of which it is also the capital, and lies on the Mbabane River and its tributary the Polinjane River in the Mdimba Mountains. The average elevation of the city is 1243 metres. Neighbourhoods and suburbs include Mbangweni, Sidwashini, Kent Rock, Sandla, Westridge Park, Malunge, New Checkers, Msunduza and Vukutentele.


Due to its altitude, Mbabane features a moderate subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb). The city has a mild climate and snow is a rare event, which has occurred only three times since 1900.[5] The city averages only four days of frost a year. The average temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) in July and 22 °C (72 °F) in January.[6][7] The thermal range is low, but the winter night is cold for a subtropical climate in general. Most of the precipitation is concentrated in the summer. The difference in the driest month (June) and the wettest (January) is 210 mm.[7]

Abacus Backpackers Mbabane Swaziland
View of Mbabane
Swaziland - Portable market hut in Mbabane
Portable market hut in Mbabane, 1979

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Mbabane is twinned with:


  1. ^ "Mbabane". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  2. ^ Brooms, Derrick. "Mbabane, Swaziland (1887- )". Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  3. ^ "MBABANE INFORMATION AND HISTORY". eSwatini Happenings. Archived from the original on 10 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Indingilizi Gallery". Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  5. ^ "Mbabane". The Kingdom of Swaziland: A Royal Experience. Swaziland Tourist Board. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  6. ^ The Cambridge Factfinder; 4th ed.
  7. ^ a b "Mbabane climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Mbabane weather averages -". Retrieved 2019-02-15.
  8. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Mbabane". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  9. ^ "Mbabane". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  10. ^ "Taipei - International Sister Cities". Taipei City Council. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
  11. ^ "Maputo". Tourism in Swaziland. Retrieved 2015-03-17.


  • Paul Tiyambe Zeleza; Dickson Eyoh, eds. (2003). "Mbabane, Swaziland". Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. Routledge. ISBN 0415234794.

External links

  • Media related to Mbabane at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 26°19′S 31°08′E / 26.317°S 31.133°E

2003 African U-17 Championship

The 2003 African U-17 Championship was a football competition organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF). The tournament took place in Swaziland. The top three teams qualified for the 2003 FIFA U-17 World Championship.

2018 Swazi Cup

The 2018 Swazi Bank Cup is the 15th edition of the Swazi Bank Cup (37th edition including earlier cup competitions), the knockout football competition of Swaziland.

Central Bank of Eswatini

The Central Bank of Eswatini (Swazi: Umntsholi Wemaswati), is the central bank of Eswatini. It was established in April 1974 and is based in capital Mbabane. According to the bank's website, the bank's mission is to promote monetary stability and foster a stable and sound financial system.

Among the bank's responsibilities are managing Swaziland's foreign exchange position and safeguarding the country's foreign reserves of cash. The bank conducts weekly auctions of 91-day Swazi treasury bills, through "primary dealer" Swazi banks.The current governor is Majozi V. Sithole.

Education in Eswatini

Education in Eswatini begins with pre-school education for infants, primary, secondary and high school education for general education and training (GET) - and universities and colleges at tertiary level.

Pre-school education is usually for children 5 year or younger. Primary school education is 7 years at the end of which, students take the external primary school certificate exam. Primary school is followed by junior secondary school which is 3 years. The final two years of secondary school lead to final pre-university training. The final school exam is the Swaziland General Certificate of Education (SGCSE) or the International General Certificate of Education (IGCSE). A few schools offer the AS and A-levels or the International Baccalaureate.

Tertiary education in Eswatini is a mix of universities, technical and vocational colleges, teacher and nursing colleges and business colleges among others. These are located in various towns and cities around the country with the biggest concentration being in the Manzini-Mbabane corridor. The University of Swaziland is the national university which is the only institution offering research level and post-graduate facilities in the country. Many students enroll in universities and colleges in neighboring countries such as South Africa.

Eswatini national football team

The Eswatini national football team, nicknamed Sihlangu Semnikati (King's Shield), is the national team of Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland, and is controlled by the Eswatini Football Association. It has never qualified for the World Cup or the Africa Cup of Nations finals. Swaziland's best performance in an international tournament is a semi-final finish in the COSAFA Cup.

However, on 8 June 2008 they achieved their first win in a World Cup qualifier since 1992, beating 2006 finalists Togo 2–1 on home soil.

Foreign relations of Eswatini

Eswatini is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the African Union, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, and the Southern African Development Community. Currently, the Kingdom of Eswatini maintains 11 embassies along with 15 consulates and other representations around the world, while there are five embassies in Eswatini as well as 14 consulates and other representations.

Hhohho Region

Hhohho is a region of Eswatini, located in the north western part of Eswatini from the north and running southwards to the centre, Hhohho was named after the capital of King Mswati II, who expanded the Swazi territory to the north and west, taking in the districts of Barberton, Nelspruit, Carolina and Piet Retief. These areas were later acquired by what was the Province of Transvaal and today they form part of the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa. It has an area of 3,625.17 km², a population of 320,651 (2017), and is divided into 14 tinkhundla. The administrative center is the national capital of Mbabane. It borders Lubombo Region on the southeast and Manzini Region in the southwest.

Law enforcement in Eswatini

Law enforcement in Eswatini is the primarily the responsibility of the Royal Eswatini Police Service (REPS; Swazi: Silihawu Lembube NeSive), which oversees internal security as well as border and customs control, and His Majesty's Correctional Services (HMCS), which is tasked with maintaining and guarding prisons. It is estimated that about 35% of Government of Eswatini employees work in the security services. The country has been part of INTERPOL since October 1975 and the organization has an office in the capital of Eswatini, Mbabane.

List of schools in Eswatini

This is a list of schools located in the African country of Eswatini.

Manzini, Eswatini

Manzini (formerly known as Bremersdorp) is a city in Eswatini, which is also the capital of Eswatini's Manzini Region. The city is the country's second largest urban centre behind Mbabane, with a population of 78,000 (2008). It is known as "The Hub" of Eswatini and lies on the MR3 road. Eswatini's primary industrial site at Matsapha lies near the town's western border.

Mbabane East

Mbabane East is an inkhundla of Swaziland, located in the Hhohho District. Its population as of the 2007 census was 36,792.

Mbabane Highlanders F.C.

Mbabane Highlanders is a Swati soccer club based in Mbabane. Currently they are the Swazi club with most national titles in the history of the country even though they have not won a national title since 2001.

Mbabane Swallows F.C.

Mbabane Swallows Football Club is a Swazi football club based in Mbabane.

The club was established in 1948

Mbabane West

Mbabane West is an inkhundla of Swaziland, located in the Hhohho District. Its population as of the 2007 census was 23,489.

Premier League of Eswatini

Swazi Premier League, also known as Swazi MTN Premier League due to sponsorship reasons, is the top division of the Eswatini Football Association. It was created in 1971 and plans to be a fully professional entity by 2022.

Richard E. Grant

Richard E. Grant (born Richard Grant Esterhuysen; 5 May 1957) is a Swazi-English actor. He made his film debut as Withnail in the comedy Withnail and I (1987). He's appeared in other films such as Hudson Hawk (1991), Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992), The Age of Innocence (1992), Gosford Park (2001), The Iron Lady (2011), and Logan (2017). He won several critics' awards and was nominated for an Academy Award for his supporting performance as Jack Hock in Can You Ever Forgive Me? (2018).

On television, Grant has appeared in the HBO series Game of Thrones, Girls, Doctor Who, and in the critically acclaimed Downton Abbey. He will appear in Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker (2019) in an undisclosed part.

Swazi Charity Cup

The Swazi Charity Cup or Swazi Telecom Charity Cup is the supercup tournament of the Swazi football.

Swazi Cup

The Swazi Cup is the top knockout tournament of the Swazi football. It was created in 1980.

Swaziland Stock Exchange

The Swaziland Stock Market is a small but thriving stock exchange. The stock exchange was established in July 1990 by Sibusiso Dlamini, a former World Bank executive who became Swaziland's prime minister, to enable ordinary Swazis to become stakeholders in their economy. All listings are included in the sole index, the SSM Index, which is unweighted. There are a handful of listed public companies, as well as some listed government stock options, listed debentures, government guaranteed stock and non trading mutual funds.

Exchange Control approval is required for foreigners wishing to invest on the stock market.

Stockbrokers on the Exchange are licensed by the Central Bank of Swaziland and there is no regulation regarding the foreign ownership of brokerage firms.

Climate data for Mbabane
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.9
Average low °C (°F) 14.9
Average rainfall mm (inches) 253.2
Average rainy days 16.9 14.3 13.8 9.8 5.1 2.8 3.1 6.5 9.2 14.9 17.0 16.5 129.9
Source: World Meteorological Organization[8]
Capitals of African states

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.