Mayurbhanj district

Mayurbhanj district is one of the 30 districts in Odisha state in eastern India. Baripada city is its headquarter. As of 2011, it is the third-most-populous district of Odisha (out of 30), after Ganjam and Cuttack.[1]

Mayurbhanj is land-locked with a geographical area of 10,418 km2 (4,022 sq mi) and is in the northern boundary of the state. It is bounded in the northeast by Jhargram district of West Bengal, West Singhbhum and East Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand in the northwest, Balasore district in the southeast and by Kendujhar in the southwest.

Mayurbhanj district
District
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°55′59″N 86°43′59″E / 21.933°N 86.733°ECoordinates: 21°55′59″N 86°43′59″E / 21.933°N 86.733°E
Country India
StateOdisha
HeadquartersBaripada
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateShri Vineet Bhardwaj, IAS
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri Awinash Kumar, IPS
Area
 • Total10,418 km2 (4,022 sq mi)
Elevation
559.31 m (1,835.01 ft)
Population
 • Total2,513,895
 • Density240/km2 (620/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
757 xxx
Vehicle registrationOD-11
Sex ratio1,005 /
Literacy63.98%
Lok Sabha constituencyMayurbhanj
Vidhan Sabha constituency9
Precipitation1,648.2 millimetres (64.89 in)
Websitewww.mayurbhanj.nic.in

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Mayurbhanj district has a population of 2,513,895,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[2] or the US state of Nevada.[3] This gives it a ranking of 171st in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 241 inhabitants per square kilometre (620/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.06%.[1] Mayurbhanj has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males[1] and a literacy rate of 63.98%.[1]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Mayurbhanj one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Mayurbhanj district is known for various tribal community, they are Santal, Ho, Bhumij/Munda, Bhuinya, Mankadia, Kharia and others. Many tribal groups have their own script of writing such as, one of the tribal group Santali which got official status in 2003 by the 92nd amendment bill.[5]Other tribes which have their own script of writing include Bhumijj tribal community which speak Bhumij language and is written in Ol Onol script.[6]

Major Tribes

The district is an autonomous district.The main tribes of this district are Santal, Ho, Bhumij/Munda, Bhuinya, Mankadia and Kharia and others. Among these tribes, Santal and Ho tribes are dominated influence in the district because of their active political participations.

Culture

The district has many tribal cultures like Santali culture, Ho dance and Mage Porob of Ho tribe and bhumij cultures. According to 2011 Census 83.86 % people are Hindus, 1.34 % are Muslims, 0.60 % are Christians, 0.03 % are Sikhs.[7]

Hinduism being the most followed religion there are many temples found in the district some of which have ancient connections.

Vidhan sabha constituencies

The following is the nine Vidhan sabha constituencies[8][9] of Mayurbhanj district and the elected members[10] of that area:

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
26 Jashipur ST Jashipur, Raruan, Sukruli, Kusumi (part) Kamala Kanta Nayak BJD
27 Saraskana ST Saraskana, Bijatala, Bisoi, Kusumi (part) Bhadav Chandra Hansdah BJD
28 Rairangpur ST Rairangpur (NAC), Rairangpur, Tiringi, Bahalda, Jamda Shyam Charan Hansdah INC
29 Bangriposi ST Bangriposi, Kuliana, Shamakhunta Mr. Sudam Marndi BJD
30 Karanjia ST Karanjia (NAC), Karanjia, Thakurmunda, Kaptipada (part) Bijay Kumar Nayak BJD
31 Udala ST Udala (NAC), Udala, Gopabandhunagar, Kaptipada (part) Golak Bihari Nayak BJD
32 Badasahi SC Betnoti, Badasahi (part) Ganeswar Patra BJD
33 Baripada ST Baripada (M), Baripada, Khunta, Badasahi (part) Sananda Marndi BJD
34 Morada None Morada, Suliapada, Rasgobindapur Praveen Chandra Bhanj Deo BJD

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  5. ^ https://m.telegraphindia.com/states/jharkhand/joy-greets-language-victory/cid/781935
  6. ^ Tribals demand official status for Bhumij language
  7. ^ "Mayurbhanj District Religion Data - Census 2011". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  8. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  9. ^ Seats of Odisha
  10. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links

Balasore (Lok Sabha constituency)

Balasore is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Odisha.

Barehipani Falls

Barehipani Falls is a two tiered waterfall located in Simlipal National Park in Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is one of the highest waterfalls in India.

Baripada

Baripada (bāripadā) is a town and a municipality in Mayurbhanj district in the state of Odisha, India. Located along the east bank of the Budhabalanga river, Baripada is the cultural centre of North Odisha and also hosts a large population of Santhals, Ho and other tribals. In recent years, it has emerged as an educational hub with the opening of numerous professional colleges and the North Orissa University.

The town is today the headquarters of Mayurbhanj District, Odisha's largest by area. It houses the office of the Collector, the Superintendent of Police and the Court of the District and Sessions Judge. It lends its name to the Baripada constituency of the Odisha Vidhan Sabha.

Baripada railway station

Baripada railway station serves Baripada, the headquarters of Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha.

Draupadi Murmu

Draupadi Murmu (born 20 June 1958) is an Indian politician from Mayurbhanj, Odisha. She has served as Governor of Jharkhand since May 2015.

Ganadhara

In Jainism, the term Ganadhara is used to refer the chief disciple of a Tirthankara. In samavasarana, the Tīrthankara sat on a throne without touching it (about two inches above it). Around, the Tīrthankara sits the Ganadharas. According to Digambara tradition, only a disciple of exceptional brilliance and accomplishment (riddhi) is able to fully assimilate, without doubt, delusion, or misapprehension, the anekanta teachings of a Tirthankara. The presence of such a disciple is mandatory in the samavasarana before Tirthankara delivers his sermons. Ganadhara interpret and mediate to other people the divine sound (divyadhwani) which the Jains claim emanates from Tirthankara's body when he preaches.The monastic sangha of Jainism is divided into a number of orders or troupes called ganas, each headed by a ganadhara.In 20th century, statues depicting Tīrthankaras and Ganadharas were unearthed in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha.

Jagannath Temple, Baripada

Sri Jagannath Temple (Odia: ଶ୍ରୀ ଜଗନ୍ନାଥ ମନ୍ଦିର) is a famous Hindu temple located in Baripada, Mayurbhanj district, in the state of Odisha, India. The name Jagannath (Lord of the Universe) is a combination of the Sanskrit words Jagat (Universe) and Nath (Lord of).The shikhara is a pancharatha one. This temple is known as the second Srikhetra of Orissa. The Jagannath temple of Baripada is one of the oldest temples of Orissa. Its Rathayatra is the oldest one after Puri and second biggest after Puri ratha yatra. It is being celebrated for last 500+ years. The rituals of Baripada Rathayatra are special. It gives priority to the female devotees to pull Maa Subhadra's ratha, which is unique and attracts female devotees from the neighbouring states also.

Jogesh Pati

Jogesh C. Pati (born 1937 in Baripada, Odisha, India) is an Indian American theoretical physicist at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

Karanjia

Karanjia is a town in the Eastern India state of Odisha, about 221 kilometres (134 mi) north of the state capital Bhubaneswar. It is the sub-divisional headquarter of Panchphir subdivision and Notified Area Council in Mayurbhanj District. It is bounded on its South-East by Deo river which forms the natural district border for Mayurbhanj.

Keonjhar (Lok Sabha constituency)

Keonjhar(Odia: କେନ୍ଦୁଝର ଲୋକସଭା ନିର୍ବାଚନ ମଣ୍ଡଳୀ) is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Odisha.

Kichakeshwari Temple

Kishakeshwari Temple (Odia: କୀଚକେଶ୍ଵରୀ ମନ୍ଦିର) is temple of Hindu Goddess Chamunda alias Kali located in Khiching, which was the ancient capital of the Bhanja rulers, located about 205 km from Balasore and 150 km from Baripada in the Mayurbhanj district of north Orissa.

Kisan people

The Kisan Tribe are a Dravidian ethnic group in Odisha, West Bengal, bihar, Jharkhand. They are traditional farmers and food gathering people. They speak the Kurukh language along with Sundergarhi Odia, Hindi and English.

List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly

The following is the list of Vidhan sabha Constituencies of Odisha and the Elected Members

* representatives had contested the election with NCP ticket.

Mayurbhanj (Lok Sabha constituency)

Mayurbhanj Lok Sabha constituency(Odia: ମୟୂରଭଞ୍ଜ ଲୋକସଭା ନିର୍ବାଚନ ମଣ୍ଡଳୀ))is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Odisha state in eastern India.

North Orissa University

North Orissa University is a public university in the regional city of Baripada in the state of Odisha, India. Its jurisdiction extends over two districts, Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar. There are 80 affiliated colleges, general and professional, catering to the demand for higher education.

This university mainly provides higher education through on-campus as well as distance education modes. It aims to provide job-oriented technical courses.

Rairangpur

Rairangpur pronunciation is a city and a Municipality of Mayurbhanj district in the state of Odisha, India. It is based at about 287 Kilometres from state capital Bhubaneswar and 82 kilometres from district headquarters of Baripada and about 73 kilometres from Jamshedpur.

The Khadkhai (Sulaipat) Dam and Simlipal Tiger Reserve is a local attraction nearby it in the approachable distance attracting many foreign tourists.

This is a notable mining area of Odisha, comprises iron-ores of Gorumahisani, Badampahar, Sulaipat.

Rairangpur Airport

Rairangpur Airport is located 6 km away from Rairangpur city center in Mayurbhanj district, Odisha, India.

Rairangpur Airport is spread over 61 acres and is under the control of the Works Department of Government of Odisha. The runway is 750 meters (around 3280 ft) long and is periodically maintained by the state government.

Saraskana

Saraskana (Sl. No.: 27) is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Mayurbhanj district, Odisha.Area of this constituency include Saraskana block, Bijatala block, Bisoi block and 3 GPs (Jaypur, Kusumi and Mayurdar) of Kusumi block. In 2009 election, Nationalist Congress Party candidate Rama Chandra Hansdah defeated Jharkhand Mukti Morcha candidate Ram Chandra Murmu by a margin of 14,590 votes.

Simlipal National Park

Simlipal National Park is a national park and a tiger reserve in the Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is part of the Similipal-Kuldiha-Hadgarh Elephant Reserve popularly known as Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve, which includes three protected areas — Similipal Tiger Reserve (2750.00 km2), Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary (191.06 km2) and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary (272.75 km2)). Simlipal National Park derives its name from the abundance of semul (red silk cotton trees) that bloom here. It is the 7th largest national park in India.

The park has a protected area of 845.70 square kilometres (326.53 sq mi) and has some beautiful waterfalls like Joranda and Barehipani. Simlipal is home to 99 royal Bengal tigers and 432 wild elephants. Besides Simlipal is famous for gaurs (Indian bison), chausingha, as well as an orchidarium.One can enter Similipal through Pithabata (22 kilometres (14 mi) from Baripada) and 98 km via Jashipur. Entry permits can be obtained from the Range Officer, Pithabata check gate upon paying prescribed fees. Day visitors can enter between 6 AM and 12 noon and visitors with reservation between 6 AM and 9 AM. Similipal National Park is open from 1 November to 15 June.

This reserve is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves since 2009.

Places adjacent to Mayurbhanj district
Mayurbhanj district
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