Mayo Clinic

The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit academic medical center based in Rochester, Minnesota, focused on integrated clinical practice, education, and research.[4] It employs more than 4,500 physicians and scientists, along with another 58,400 administrative and allied health staff.[5][6] The practice specializes in treating difficult cases through tertiary care and destination medicine. It is home to the highly ranked Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine in addition to many of the largest, best regarded residency education programs in the United States.[7][8][9] It spends over $660 million a year on research and has more than 3,000 full-time research personnel.[10][11]

William Worrall Mayo settled his family in Rochester in 1864 and opened a sole proprietorship medical practice that evolved under his sons, Will and Charlie Mayo, into Mayo Clinic. Today, in addition to its flagship hospital in Rochester, Mayo Clinic has major campuses in Arizona[12] and Florida.[13] The Mayo Clinic Health System also operates affiliated facilities throughout Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa.[14]

Mayo Clinic is ranked number 1 in the United States[15] on the 2018–2019 U.S. News & World Report Best Hospitals Honor Roll, maintaining a position at or near the top for more than 27 years.[16] It has been on the list of "100 Best Companies to Work For" published by Fortune magazine for fourteen consecutive years, and has continued to achieve this ranking through 2017.[17][18]

Mayo Clinic
Non-Profit 501(c)(3), Public Charitable Organization 509(a)(2)
IndustryHealth care
FoundedJanuary 27, 1864
Rochester, Minnesota, USA
FoundersWilliam Worrall Mayo
William James Mayo
Charles Horace Mayo
Augustus Stinchfield
Christopher Graham
Henry Stanley Plummer
Melvin Millet
E. Star Judd
Donald Balfour
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
RevenueUS$10.99 billion (2016)[3]:13
Total assetsUS$14.9 billion (2016)[3]:14
Number of employees
63,000[3]:3
Divisions
Websitewww.mayoclinic.org

Coordinates: 44°1′20″N 92°28′0″W / 44.02222°N 92.46667°W

History

William Worrall Mayo
William Worrall Mayo, founder of Mayo Clinic

Early years

In 1863, William Worrall Mayo (1819–1911) came to Rochester, Minnesota, from Salford in Lancashire, England, as part of his appointment as an examining surgeon for the military draft board during the American Civil War.[19][20] The city was to his liking, and his wife and children joined him in early 1864; the family served in several leadership roles in the community. On January 27, 1864, William Worrall Mayo advertised in the Rochester City Post the opening of a private medical partnership "over the Union Drug Store on Third Street" with "all calls answered by day or night".[21]

Both of W.W. Mayo's sons, William James Mayo (1861–1939) and Charles Horace Mayo (1865–1939) grew up in Rochester and, when old enough, both attended medical school. William graduated in 1883 and joined his father's practice, with Charles joining after he completed his training in 1888.[22][23]

On August 21, 1883, a tornado struck Rochester, causing at least 37 deaths in the area and over 200 injuries.[24] One-third of the town was destroyed, but the Mayo family escaped serious harm. The relief efforts began immediately with a temporary hospital being established at Rommell's Hall, and the doctors Mayo (W.W. and Will) as well as other local doctors, were extensively involved in treating the injured who were brought there for help. Mother Alfred Moes and the Sisters of Saint Francis (a teaching order) were called in to act as nurses despite having been trained as teachers and with little if any medical experience.[25][26]

1910StMarysHospitalRochesterMNcopyrightCarlAHolland
St. Mary's Hospital in 1910

After the crisis subsided, Moes approached W.W. Mayo about establishing a hospital in Rochester. Mayo agreed to work in the hospital and soon other local doctors agreed as well. On September 30, 1889, Saint Mary's Hospital was opened by the Sisters. W.W. Mayo, 70 years old, was one of the consulting physicians at the hospital. His two sons began seeing patients and performing surgeries at the hospital.[27]

Group practice

In 1892, W. W. Mayo asked Augustus Stinchfield, whom he considered to be the best doctor in the area, to join the practice.[28] After Stinchfield agreed, W.W. Mayo retired at the age of 73 and the practice continued to grow. The founders of Mayo Clinic are the Mayo brothers Will and Charlie, Stinchfield, Graham, Henry Plummer, Millet, Judd, and Balfour. These early founders and partners shared in the profits of the private group practice, while other staff hired by the partners were salaried. W.W. Mayo died in 1911 and in 1919 the remaining founders, with the exception of Graham, created the Mayo Properties Association, and their private practice became a not-for-profit entity. The founders gave the Clinic properties and furnishings to this newly formed association.[29] The integrated practice model developed primarily by Plummer created a foundation for what would grow into Mayo Clinic.[30]

Growth and expansion

As the private practice grew, it required additional space. In 1914, the partners planned, designed and built a new clinic building. Ellerbe Architects are the architect of record for the 1914 Mayo "Red" building, as well as for the 1922 Mayo Institute of Experimental Medicine, the 1927 Plummer building, the 1954 Mayo Clinic building, and the 2002 Gonda building. In 1914, and under the guidance of Henry Plummer, the new building allowed the integrated group medical practice concept to be fully expressed. Many innovative medical systems, tools, and equipment were incorporated into the building design. Plummer worked closely with Frederic Maass, of Maass & McAndrew, to design and fabricate many of the building systems innovations like the steam sterilization rooms, metal surgical tools and equipment, pneumatic tube system, knee operated sinks, and a state of the art HVAC system. The air exchange rate for the building was three minutes. One intriguing innovation was the Rookwood fountain in the main lobby that was designed to clean and humidify air from the outside. It also heated and humidified air in the winter, and provided cool air in the summer. To fight infection, steam sterilizer rooms were designed to hold much of the operating rooms metal surgical furniture, tools and equipment.[31] These and other aseptic procedures helped bring the overall patient infection rates down.

Until 1919 the Mayo Clinic was operated as a for-profit medical practice.[32][33] In 1919, the Mayo brothers donated the clinic property and significant amounts of their wealth to develop the Mayo Properties Association. The Association later became the Mayo Clinic Foundation.[34] The result of this was that the Mayo Clinic became a non-profit medical practice in 1920.

In 1928, the Plummer Building was completed with considerable input from Clinic staff, and again under the guidance of Henry Plummer. Frederic Maass again worked closely with Plummer and staff on system design. After this project was complete he assumed the position as the "Chief Engineer" for the Clinic. Working hand-in-hand with physicians, scientists and other Mayo Clinic staff, the engineering department developed unique medical devices and systems, many designed to meet the needs of individual patients. At the time of its completion, the Plummer Building was the tallest building in Minnesota and remained so until the Foshay Tower was finished in Minneapolis in 1929. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969, and has recently undergone a complete restoration of its bell tower. The historic 1914 "Red" Mayo Clinic building, a National Landmark listed on the National Register, was demolished by the Clinic in the 1980s to make way for the Hammel, Green and Abrahamson-designed Siebens building.

Since 1986, the Mayo Clinic campus has formally included the Rochester Methodist Hospital and Saint Marys Hospital, as all operations were integrated under one governing board to more efficiently serve the needs of Mayo patients.[27] In 2011, the foundation went before the Supreme Court to argue that medical residents should remain exempt from Social Security deductions. In Mayo Foundation v. United States the court sided with the Social Security Administration and required FICA to be deducted going forward.[35] The same year, Tarek Obaid made a major donation in the name of his family to establish the Essam and Dalal Obaid Center for Reconstructive Transplant Surgery.[36][37] In 2010, when plans to establish a proton beam therapy program and to build new facilities in Rochester and Phoenix were underway, philanthropist and longtime Mayo Clinic patient Richard O. Jacobson donated $100 million to the nonprofit. At that time, the donation was the largest in the Mayo Clinic's history.[38][39][40]

Locations

Mayo Clinic has a large presence in three U.S. metropolitan areas: Rochester (Minnesota), Jacksonville (Florida), and Phoenix (Arizona). Mayo Clinic employs more than 34,000 people at the main campus in Rochester and the Arizona and Florida sites employ approximately 6,000 persons at each site.[6] In addition, Mayo Clinic partially owns and operates the Mayo Clinic Health System, which consists of more than 70 hospitals and clinics across Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin with an employment of more than 17,000 people. Mayo Clinic also operates the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, a non-profit college dedicated to training medical and allied health professionals at Mayo Hospitals in Minnesota, Arizona and Florida.[41]

The clinic is to set up an independent business subsidiary in London in partnership with the University of Oxford and Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust in 2019.[42]

Core operations

Patient care

Each year, more than 1.3 million different patients from all 50 states and from more than 150 countries are seen at one of the Mayo Clinic facilities.[6][43] Mayo Clinic offers highly specialized medical care, and a large portion of the patient population are referrals from smaller clinics and hospitals across the upper Midwest and the United States. Mayo Clinic physicians are paid a fixed salary, which is not linked to patient volume (relative value units) or income from fee-for-service payments.[44][45][46] This practice is thought to decrease the monetary motivation to see patients in excessive numbers and increase the incentive to spend more time with individuals. Salaries are determined by the marketplace salaries for physicians in comparable large group practices.

Research

Mayo Clinic researchers contribute to the understanding of disease processes, best clinical practices, and translation of findings from the laboratory to the clinical practice. Nearly 600 doctoral level physicians and research scientists are employed, with an additional 3,400 other health personnel and students with appointments in research. In 2015, more than 2,700 research protocols were reviewed by the Mayo Clinic Institutional review board and 11,000 ongoing human research studies. These research initiatives led to more than 7,300 research publications and review articles in peer-review journals.[6]

Education

The Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science (MCCMS), established in 1915, offers educational programs embedded in Mayo Clinic's clinical practice and biomedical research activities.[47] MCCMS consists of five accredited schools, including the M.D. degree-granting Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine as well as the master's and Ph.D. degree-granting Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. The Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences offers training for about 50 health sciences career fields. The Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education runs over 270 residences and fellowships in all medical and surgical specialties. The Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development delivers continuing education courses aimed at practicing medical professionals.

Innovation

Mayo Clinic has adopted more than 15,000 mobile devices from Apple for patient care; including the iPad, iPad Mini and iPhone. Mayo Clinic then created an app for these devices called Synthesis Mobile, which integrated hundreds of their health systems. For Mayo Clinic Care Network members, more apps were created to help patients see their medical records or ask clinicians for assistance.[48] In 2014, Mayo Clinic was developing an app for Apple's HealthKit to help users maintain healthy lifestyles and warn of certain health signs that need attention.[49]

Mayo Clinic, in collaboration with real estate firm Delos Living, launched the Well Living Lab in September 2015. This research facility is designed to simulate real-world, non-hospital environments to allow Mayo Clinic researchers to study the interaction between indoor spaces and human health.[50]

The Mayo Clinic Center for Innovation, established in 2008, was one of the pioneers of innovation in healthcare. It has since worked on over 270 projects and is often looked to as a role model for using design in healthcare.[51]

In March 2018, Mayo Clinic and Mytonomy, a healthcare education system company, partnered to provide video content for cancer patients. The video content is used to address important questions and answers and designed to aid in the decision-making process between patient and doctor.[52]

Leadership

Mayo Clinic is led by president and CEO Gianrico Farrugia, M.D. John H. Noseworthy, M.D. retired as president and CEO in December 2018; his predecessor, Denis A. Cortese, M.D. retired in November 2009.[53]

Contributions to medicine

Mayo Clinic has developed many medical and surgical specialities, including cancer research, heart and lung surgery, laboratory techniques and many others.[54] Two Mayo Clinic staff members, Edward Kendall, Ph.D., and Philip Hench, M.D., were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology in 1950 for their discovery of cortisone.[55] Mayo Clinic considers its own most significant contribution to medicine to be the development and implementation of the concept of integrated, multi-specialty physician led group medical practice.[56]

Rankings

In 2016-17, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, was ranked as the #1 overall hospital in the United States by U.S. News & World Report. A total of almost 5,000 hospitals were considered and ranked in 16 specialties from cancer and heart disease to respiratory disorders and urology; 153 (just over 3 percent of the total) were ranked in at least one of the 16 specialties. Of the 153 hospitals that are ranked in one or more specialties, 20 qualified for the Honor Roll by earning high scores in at least six specialties. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, was ranked in the top 10 in all but one of 16 specialties, in the top 4 in 13 specialties, and was the #1 ranked hospital in 8 of the 12 data-driven specialties. This year U.S. News expanded their common procedures and conditions list to 9 individual measures, and Mayo was one of fewer than 70 hospitals to score High Performing in every category.[57] Additionally, Mayo was the only hospital on the 2016-2017 honor roll to also receive 5 stars from CMS.[58] Every Mayo Clinic hospital received an "A" safety rating from Leapfrog in its April 2017 report.[59]

Ranked 1st

Ranked 2nd

Ranked 3rd - 7th

High-Performing

Additional images

Mayo Clinic Gonda building 3997

Gonda building from cafeteria

Mayo Clinic Rochester Gonda w trees 3890p

Gonda building from 3rd Avenue SW

Mayo Clinic-Gonda atrium-20060705

Inside the Gonda building looking south toward the 1954 Mayo building

DrsMayoStamp

Mayo Brothers U.S. Commemorative Stamp issued 1964

MayoClinicGuggenheimBldg

The Guggenheim Building in Rochester, MN

See also

References

  1. ^ Richert, Catharine (10 August 2018). "Mayo Clinic names Farrugia as new CEO". Minnesota Public Radio.
  2. ^ Snowbeck, Christopher (11 August 2018). "New Mayo Clinic CEO most recently led its Florida operation". Star Tribune.
  3. ^ a b c "An Inside Look at the Mayo Clinic" (PDF). Mayo Clinic. 2017. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
  4. ^ "About Us - Mayo Clinic Value Statements". Mayo Clinic.
  5. ^ Mayo Clinic Website. [1]. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d "Mayo Clinic Facts". December 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "Mayo Clinic School of Medicine - Best Medical School". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science (Rochester)". Doximity Residency Navigator. Doximity. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  9. ^ Castellucci, Maria (21 July 2018). "Medical students play a high-stakes game to match into residency programs". Modern Healthcare. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  10. ^ "About Mayo Clinic Research".
  11. ^ McKinney, Matt (June 8, 2016). "Mayo Clinic unveils plans for expanded research space". Star Tribune. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  12. ^ "Mayo Clinic's Campus in Arizona". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  13. ^ Stephanie Innes (September 5, 2018). "Mayo Clinic to nearly double size of Phoenix campus in five-year, $648 million project". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Locations - Mayo Clinic Health System". Mayo Clinic.
  15. ^ Harder, Ben (August 14, 2018). "2018-19 Best Hospitals Honor Roll and Medical Specialties Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on August 2, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  16. ^ "Top American Hospitals – US News Best Hospitals". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  17. ^ "100 Best Companies to Work For 2011: Mayo Clinic". Fortune. February 7, 2011. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
  18. ^ "100 Best Companies to Work For 2017". Fortune. Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  19. ^ Clapesattle, Helen (1941). The Doctors Mayo. University of Minnesota Press.
  20. ^ Fye, W. Bruce (Fall 2010). "The Origins and Evolution of the Mayo Clinic from 1864 to 1939: A Minnesota Family Practice Becomes an International 'Medical Mecca'". Bulletin of the History of Medicine. 84 (3): 323–357. (Subscription required (help)).
  21. ^ Furst, Jay (2014). "Fight for the Union, 1864: Hope grows for war's end". Post-Bulletin (Rochester, Minn.), Sept. 6, 2014.
  22. ^ Schlup, Leonard; Ryan, James G. (2003). Historical dictionary of the Gilded Age. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe. p. 299. ISBN 9780765621061.
  23. ^ "Mayo, Charles Horace (1865 - 1939)". Royal College of Surgeons. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  24. ^ "The Rochester, MN Tornado of 1883". National Weather Service. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  25. ^ Keeling, Arlene PhD, RN (2014). The Nurses of Mayo Clinic: Caring Healers. Mayo Clinic. ISBN 978-1-89-300583-9.
  26. ^ Wright-Peterson, Virginia M. (2016). Women of Mayo Clinic: The Founding Generation. Minnesota Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-1681340005.
  27. ^ a b "History of Saint Marys Hospital". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  28. ^ Fye, W. Bruce (March 2, 2015). Caring for the Heart: Mayo Clinic and the Rise of Specialization. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-998235-6. (Subscription required (help)).
  29. ^ Danilov, Victor J. (2013). Famous Americans : a directory of museums, historic sites, and memorials. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 138. ISBN 9780810891869.
  30. ^ Zachariah, Prince K (2005). "Automation of the Clinical Practice: Cost-Effective and Efficient Health Care". Building a Better Delivery System: A New Engineering/Health Care Partnership. National Academies Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-309-09643-0.
  31. ^ Billstein, Kelli (February 15, 2016). "Building our history: Conley/Maass Building". Rochester Magazine. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  32. ^ Berry, Leonard; Seltman, Kent (January 1, 2014). "Chapter 31: The Mayo Clinic Way: A Story of Cultural Strength and Sustainability". In Schneider, Benjamin; Barbera, Karen. The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Climate and Culture. Oxford University Press. pp. 611–612. ISBN 9780199860715. the brothers created Mayo Properties Association in 1919, transforming Mayo clinic from a for-profit, privately held company to a not-for-profit organization.
  33. ^ Danilov, Victor (September 26, 2013). "Medical Innovators". Famous Americans: A Directory of Museums, Historic Sites, and Memorials (1 ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 135. ISBN 9780810891852. Dr. Charles Horace Mayo was born after a move to Rochester - where the three Mayo doctors and four other physicians later founded the Mayo Clinic, which became a not-for-profit medical facility in 1919
  34. ^ Rogers, Karen (January 1, 2011). Medicine and Healers Through History. Britannica Educational Publishing. p. 200. ISBN 9781615304059. In 1919 the Mayo Brothers transferred property and capital to the Mayo Properties Association, later called the Mayo Foundation, a charitable and education corporation having a perpetual charter. ...In 1915 the Mayo Brothers gave $1.5 million to the University of Minnesota to establish the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research at Rochester in connection with the clinic. The foundation, which is part of the University of Minnesota Graduate School, offers graduate training in medicine and related subjects.
  35. ^ Lowes, Robert. "Residents Are Workers, Not Students, for Tax Purposes, Says High Court". Medscape. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  36. ^ "Saudi oil executive gives $10M to Mayo Clinic". Star Tribune. August 10, 2011.
  37. ^ "Saudi Family Major Gift to Mayo Clinic is Emblem of Generosity". Arabia Link. August 15, 2011.
  38. ^ "Richard Jacobson - Giving to Mayo Clinic". Mayo Clinic. Archived from the original on December 12, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  39. ^ Joe Dangor (February 3, 2011). "Mayo Clinic Receives $100 Million Gift to Support Proton Beam Therapy Program". Mayo Clinic News Network. Archived from the original on August 17, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  40. ^ Lauren Coffey (November 30, 2018). "$5 million Pinellas Education Foundation gift is a record-breaker, and hones in on the skills gap". Tampa Bay Business Journal. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  41. ^ "Mayo Clinic College of Medicine & Science". Mayo Clinic. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  42. ^ "Mayo Clinic, Oxford to collaborate on research and innovation". Healthcare IT news. October 5, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  43. ^ "An Inside Look at Mayo Clinic" (PDF). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved April 30, 2016.
  44. ^ Underwood, Anne (23 September 2009). "A new way to pay physicians". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  45. ^ MacGillis, Alex; Stein, Rob (20 September 2009). "Is the Mayo Clinic a model or a mirage? Jury is still out". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  46. ^ Olson, Jeremy (23 April 2015). "Mayo faces new price of success". Star Tribune. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  47. ^ "Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science". Mayo Clinic.
  48. ^ "Mayo Clinic". Apple. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  49. ^ Sparks, Dana (June 2, 2014). "Apple Highlights New Mayo Clinic App During Worldwide Developers Keynote" (Press release). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  50. ^ Stinson, Liz (October 4, 2015). "Why the Mayo Clinic Modeled Its New Lab on a Stuffy Office". Wired. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
  51. ^ "Mayo Clinic CFI". centerforinnovation.mayo.edu. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  52. ^ "Mayo Clinic partners with cloud startup Mytonomy to give cancer patients critical data". Healthcare IT News. 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-03-23.
  53. ^ Newmarker, Chris (May 8, 2009). "Noseworthy Named New Mayo Clinic CEO". Minneapolis-St. Paul Business Journal. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  54. ^ "Contributions to Medicine | Mayo Clinic History & Heritage". history.mayoclinic.org. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  55. ^ http://history.mayoclinic.org/historic-highlights/nobel-prize-telegram.php
  56. ^ http://history.mayoclinic.org/toolkit/contributions-to-medicine.php
  57. ^ "US News / Healthcare / Best Hospitals / Mayo Clinic". August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  58. ^ Punke, Heather. "How did CMS rate US News' 20 Honor Roll hospitals?". www.beckershospitalreview.com. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
  59. ^ "See which hospitals earned an 'A' from Leapfrog". Healthcare Finance News. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
Analyze (imaging software)

Analyze is a software package developed by the Biomedical Imaging Resource (BIR) at Mayo Clinic for multi-dimensional display, processing, and measurement of multi-modality biomedical images. It is a commercial program and is used for medical tomographic scans from magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and positron emission tomography.

The Analyze 7.5 file format has been widely used in the functional neuroimaging field, and other programs such as SPM, FreeSurfer, AIR, MRIcro and Mango are able to read and write the format. The files can be used to store voxel-based volumes. One data item consists of two files: One file with the actual data in a binary format with the filename extension .img and another file (header with filename extension .hdr) with information about the data such as voxel size and number of voxels in each dimension. SPM has defined changes to this format, among other things the voxel ordering within the file.

Charles Horace Mayo

Charles Horace Mayo (July 19, 1865 – May 26, 1939) was an American medical practitioner and was one of the founders of the Mayo Clinic along with his brother, William James Mayo, Augustus Stinchfield, Christopher Graham, E. Star Judd, Henry Stanley Plummer, Melvin Millet, and Donald Balfour.

Costochondritis

Costochondritis, also known as chest wall pain, costosternal syndrome, or costosternal chondrodynia is an acute and often temporary inflammation of the costal cartilage, the structure that connects each rib to the sternum at the costosternal joint. The condition is a common cause of chest pain. Though costochondritis often resolves on its own, it can be a recurring condition that has little or no signs of onset.Costochondritis symptoms can be similar to the chest pain associated with a heart attack. Chest pain is considered a medical emergency until life-threatening cardiac issues (such as an acute coronary syndrome) can be ruled out. Severe cases of costal cartilage inflammation that also involve painful swelling are sometimes referred to as Tietze's syndrome, a term sometimes used interchangeably with costochondritis. However, some physicians view costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome as separate disease states due to the absence of costal cartilage swelling in costochondritis.Treatment options are quite limited and usually involve a combination of rest, analgesics, or anti-inflammatory medications. Cases with persistent discomfort may be managed with cortisone injections or surgery may be indicated if the condition is severe. Individuals with costochondritis are typically instructed to avoid strenuous physical activity to prevent the onset of an attack.

List of hospitals in Minnesota

List of hospitals in Minnesota (U.S. state), sorted by location.

Aitkin

Riverwood Healthcare Center

Albany

Albany Area Hospital and Medical Center (closed)

Albert Lea

Mayo Clinic Health System - Albert Lea

Arlington

Ridgeview Sibley Medical Center

Austin

Mayo Clinic Health System - Austin

Bagley

Sanford Bagley Medical Center

Baudette

LakeWood Health Center

Bemidji

Sanford Bemidji Medical Center

Brainerd

Essentia Health St. Joseph's Medical Center

Buffalo

Buffalo Hospital

Burnsville

Fairview Ridges Hospital

Cambridge

Cambridge Medical Center

Canby

Sanford Canby Medical Center

Cannon Falls

Mayo Clinic Health System - Cannon Falls

Cloquet

Community Memorial Hospital

Coon Rapids

Mercy Hospital of Coon Rapids

Crookston

Riverview Health

Crosby

Cuyuna Regional Medical Center

Detroit Lakes, Minnesota

Essentia Health St. Mary's Hospital

Duluth

Essentia Health St. Mary's Medical Center

St. Luke's Hospital

Edina

Fairview Southdale Hospital

Fairmont

Mayo Clinic Health System - Fairmont

Faribault

District One Hospital

Fosston

Firstcare Health

Fridley

Unity Hospital

Glencoe

Glencoe Regional Health Services

Graceville

Essentia Health Holy Trinity Hospital

Hallock

Kittson Memorial Hospital

Hastings

Regina Hospital

Hendricks

Hendricks Community Hospital Association

Hibbing

University Medical Center - Mesabi

Hutchinson

Hutchinson Health Hospital

International Falls

Rainy Lake Medical Center

Jackson

Sanford Jackson Medical Center

Lake City

Mayo Clinic Health System - Lake City

Litchfield

Meeker Memorial Hospital

Little Falls

St. Gabriel Hospital

Long Prairie

Long Prairie Memorial Hospital and Home-CentraCare

Luverne

Sanford Luverne Medical Center

Madelia

Madelia Community Hospital

Marshall

Avera Marshall Regional Medical Center

Mankato

Mayo Clinic Health System - Mankato

Maple Grove

Maple Grove Hospital

Maplewood

St. John's Hospital

Melrose

Melrose Area Hospital

Minneapolis

Abbott Northwestern Hospital

Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota - Minneapolis

Hennepin County Medical Center

Minneapolis VA Medical Center

Phillips Eye Institute

Shriners Hospital for Children (Twin Cities)

University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital

University of Minnesota Medical Center

Monticello

Centracare Health- Monticello

Moose Lake

Mercy Hospital

Mora

FirstLight Health System

New Prague

Queen of Peace Hospital

New Ulm

New Ulm Medical Center

Northfield

Northfield Hospital

Onamia

Mille Lacs Health System

Ortonville

Ortonville Area Health Services

Owatonna

Mayo Clinic Health System

Owatonna Hospital

Paynesville

Paynesville Area Healthcare System

Perham

Perham Health-Sanford

Pine City

Lakeside Medical Center (closed 2010)

Pipestone

Pipestone County Medical Center

Princeton

Fairview Northland Medical Center

Red Wing

Red Wing Medical Center

Robbinsdale

North Memorial Medical Center

Rochester

Mayo Clinic Hospital - Rochester, Saint Marys Campus

Mayo Clinic Hospital - Rochester, Methodist Campus

Olmsted Medical Center

Roseau

LifeCare Medical Center

Springfield

Mayo Clinic Health System - Springfield

St. Cloud

St. Cloud Hospital

St. Cloud VA Health Care System

St. James

Mayo Clinic Health System - St. James

St. Louis Park

Park Nicollet Methodist Hospital

St. Paul

Bethesda Hospital

Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota - St. Paul

Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare

Regions Hospital

St. Joseph's Hospital

United Hospital

St. Peter

River's Edge Hospital

Sandstone

Pine Medical Center

Sauk Centre

St. Michaels Hospital

Shakopee

St. Francis Regional Medical Center

Slayton

Murray County Medical Center

Sleepy Eye

Sleepy Eye Medical Center

Staples

Lakewood Health System

Stillwater

Lakeview Hospital

Thief River Falls

Northwest Medical Center-Sanford Health

Tracy

Sanford Tracy Medical Center

Tyler

Avera Tyler Hospital

Waconia

Ridgeview Medical Center

Wadena

Tri-County Hospital

Warren

North Valley Health Center

Waseca

Mayo Clinic Health System - Waseca

Westbrook

Sanford Westbrook Medical Center

Wheaton

Sanford Wheaton Medical Center

Willmar

Rice Memorial Hospital

Windom

Windom Area Hospital

Winona

Winona Health

Woodbury

Woodwinds Health Campus

Worthington

Sanford Worthington Medical Center

Wyoming

Fairview Lakes Medical CenterList of health care provider systems in Minnesota:

Allina Hospitals & Clinics

Avera Health

CentraCare Health System

Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota

Essentia Health

Fairview Health Services

HealthPartners

HealthEast Care System

Mayo Clinic Health System

Sanford Health

List of hospitals in Wisconsin

List of hospitals in Wisconsin (U.S. state), sorted by location.

Amery

Amery Regional Medical Center

Antigo

Aspirus Langlade Hospital

Appleton

Outagamie County Health Center (demolished 2001)

St. Elizabeth Hospital

ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Appleton

Arcadia

Mayo Clinic Health System - Arcadia (Franciscan Healthcare)

Ashland

Memorial Medical Center

Baldwin

Baldwin Area Medical Center

Baraboo

St. Clare Hospital

Barron

Mayo Clinic Health System - Northland

Beaver Dam

Beaver Dam Community Hospital

Beloit

Beloit Memorial Hospital

Berlin

Berlin Memorial Hospital

Black River Falls

Black River Memorial Hospital

Bloomer

Mayo Clinic Health System - Chippewa Valley

Boscobel

Boscobel Area Health Care

Brookfield

Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare-Elmbrook Memorial

Burlington

Aurora Memorial Hospital of Burlington

Chilton

Ascension Calumet Hospital

Chippewa Falls

St. Joseph Hospital of Chippewa Falls

Columbus

Columbus Community Hospital

Cumberland

Cumberland Memorial Hospital

Darlington

Memorial Hospital of Lafayette County

Dodgeville

Upland Hills Health

Durand

Chippewa Valley Hospital

Eagle River

Eagle River Memorial Hospital

Eau Claire

Mayo Clinic Health System - Eau Claire

Oakleaf Surgical Hospital

Sacred Heart Hospital

Edgerton

Edgerton Hospital and Health Services

Elkhorn

Aurora Lakeland Medical Center

Fond du Lac

Agnesian HealthCare (formerly St. Agnes Hospital)

Aurora Medical Center

Fort Atkinson

Fort Atkinson Memorial Hospital

Franklin

Wheaton Franciscan Healthcare-Franklin

Friendship

Moundview Memorial Hospital and Clinics

Glendale

Orthopaedic Hospital of Wisconsin

Grantsburg

Burnett Medical Center

Green Bay

Bellin Memorial Hospital

St. Mary's Hospital

St. Vincent Hospital

Aurora BayCare Medical Center

Hartford

Aurora Medical Center-Hartford

Hayward

Hayward Area Memorial Hospital - Hayward

Hillsboro

St Joseph's Community Health Services

Hudson

Hudson Hospital

Janesville

Mercy Hospital

St. Mary's Janesville Hospital

Kenosha

Aurora Medical Center

Froedtet South - Kenosha Medical Center

La Crosse

Gundersen Lutheran Medical Center

Mayo Clinic Health System - La Crosse (Franciscan Healthcare)

Ladysmith

Rusk County Memorial Hospital and Nursing Home

Lake Geneva

Mercy Walworth Hospital

Lancaster

Grant Regional Health Center

Madison

American Family Children's Hospital

Mendota Mental Health Institute

Meriter Hospital

St. Mary's Hospital (Madison, Wisconsin)

University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics

William S. Middleton Memorial VA Hospital

Manitowoc

Holy Family Memorial

Marinette

Bay Area Medical Center

Marshfield

Marshfield Clinic

Saint Joseph's Hospital

Saint Joseph's Children's Hospital

Mauston

Mile Bluff Medical Center (formerly Hess Memorial Hospital)

Medford

Aspirus Medford Hospital

Menomonie

Mayo Clinic Health System - Red Cedar

Merrill

Good Samaritan Health Center

Milwaukee and Milwaukee suburbs

Aurora Medical Center - Oconomowoc

Aurora Sinai Medical Center - Milwaukee

Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center - Milwaukee

Aurora South Shore Medical Center - Cudahy

Children's Hospital of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Clement J. Zablocki Veterans Hospital - Milwaukee

Columbia St. Mary's Milwaukee Hospital - Milwaukee

Columbia St. Mary's Ozaukee Hospital - Mequon

Community Memorial Hospital - Menomonee Falls

Elmbrook Memorial Hospital - Brookfield

All Saint's Healthcare - Racine

St. Luke Memorial Hospital - Racine

Memorial Hospital of Burlington - Burlington

Froedtert Hospital - Milwaukee

Wheaton Franciscan Franklin Medical Center - Franklin

Milwaukee Regional Medical Center - Wauwautosa

Milwaukee County Mental Health Center - Milwaukee

Oconomowoc Memorial Hospital - Oconomowoc

Orthopedic Hospital of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Rogers Memorial Hospital - Milwaukee

Milwaukee County General Hospital - Milwaukee

River Woods Urgent Care Center - Milwaukee

Rogers Memorial Hospital - Oconomowoc

St. Francis Hospital - Milwaukee

St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center - Milwaukee

Aurora West Allis Memorial Hospital - West Allis

Wisconsin Heart Hospital - Wauwatosa

Waukesha Memorial Hospital - Waukesha

Monroe

Monroe Clinic Hospital

Neenah

ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Neenah

Osceola

Osceola Medical Center

Oshkosh

Aurora Medical Center

Mercy Medical Center

Winnebago Mental Health Institute

Osseo

Mayo Clinic Health System - Oakridge

Platteville

Southwest Health Center

Plymouth

Aurora Valley View Medical Center

Portage

Divine Savior Healthcare

Prairie du Sac

Sauk Prairie Memorial Hospital

Reedsburg

Reedsburg Area Medical Center

Rhinelander

Sacred Heart St Mary Hospital

Rice Lake

Lakeview Medical Center of Rice Lake

Richland Center

Richland Hospital

Ripon

Ripon Medical Center

River Falls

River Falls Area Hospital

Schofield

Saint Clare's Hospital - Weston

Shawano

Shawano Medical Center

Sheboygan

Aurora Sheboygan Memorial Medical Center

St. Nicholas Hospital

Stevens Point

St. Michael Hospital

Stoughton

Stoughton Hospital

Superior

St. Mary's Hospital of Superior, an affiliate of St. Mary's/Duluth Clinic Health System

Tomah

Tomah Memorial Hospital

Tomah Veterans' Affairs Medical Center

Two Rivers

Aurora Medical Center of Manitowoc County

Viroqua

Vernon Memorial Hospital

Watertown

Watertown Memorial Hospital

Waupun

Agnesian HealthCare (Waupun Memorial Hospital)

Wausau

Aspirus Wausau Hospital

West Bend

St. Joseph Community Hospital

Weston

Saint Clare's Hospital

Wild Rose

Wild Rose Community Memorial Hospital

Wisconsin Rapids

Aspirus Riverview Hospital

Woodruff

Howard Young Medical Center

Mayo

Mayo may refer to:

Mayonnaise, often shortened to "mayo"

Mayo Clinic, a medical center in Rochester, Minnesota, United States

Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine

The Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine (MCASOM), formerly known as Mayo Medical School (MMS), is a research-oriented medical school based in Rochester, Minnesota, with additional campuses in Arizona and Florida. MCASOM is a school within the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science (MCCMS), the education division of the Mayo Clinic. It grants the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree, accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (HLC) and the Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME). In November 2018, the school was renamed in honor of a $200 million donation from businessman Jay Alix.

Mayo Clinic Center for Innovation

The Mayo Clinic Center for Innovation (CFI), embedded within Mayo Clinic, is one of the United States’s first and largest health care delivery innovation group working within a major academic medical center.

Based in the Mayo Clinic’s main facility in Rochester, MN, the CFI has more than 50 full-time staff including service designers, project managers, information technology specialists, and clinicians working together to develop health care delivery solutions for Mayo’s Clinic’s 64,000 employees and half a million patients annually in Rochester as well at Mayo Clinic’s branch facilities in Jacksonville, FL and Phoenix/Scottsdale, AZ.

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science

The Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science (MCCMS), formerly known as Mayo Clinic College of Medicine (MCCM), is a private graduate-only research university based in Rochester, Minnesota that trains physicians, scientists, and allied health professionals. The college is part of the Mayo Clinic academic medical center and is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (HLC). MCCMS consists of five schools that offer M.D., Ph.D., and other degrees, as well as residencies, fellowships, and continuing medical education.

Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

The Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences (MCGSBS), formerly known as Mayo Graduate School (MGS), is one of the schools of higher education within the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science. It offers graduate training in the biomedical sciences with programs for Ph.D., M.D.-Ph.D., and master's degree-seeking students. In addition, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences offers summer undergraduate research fellowships and post-baccalaureate research opportunities.

Mayo Clinic Hospital (Rochester)

The Mayo Clinic Hospital — Rochester is a 2,207-bed hospital with 115 operating rooms located in Rochester, Minnesota. It comprises the Methodist Campus, Saint Marys Campus, and Mayo Eugenio Litta Children's Hospital, forming an integral part of the Mayo Clinic academic medical center. Mayo Clinic Hospital — Rochester is ranked first on the 2017-18 U.S. News & World Report Best Hospitals Honor Roll and is ranked #1 in more specialties than any other hospital in the United States.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings

Mayo Clinic Proceedings is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal published by Elsevier and sponsored by the Mayo Clinic. It covers the field of general internal medicine. The journal was established in 1926 as the Proceedings of the Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic and obtained its current name in 1964. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017impact factor of 7.199, ranking it 11th out of 154 journals in the category "Medicine, General & Internal". The journal started online publishing in 1999. Initially, its website consisted of simple lists of tables of content. In 2012, the current website was established. In addition to the journal content, it contains extra features such as Medical Images, Residents Clinics, Art at Mayo, and Stamp Vignettes on Medical Science, as well as author interviews and monthly issue summaries. Readers can also obtain CME credit.

Mayo Clinic Square

Mayo Clinic Square (formerly known as Block E) is the name of a block in downtown Minneapolis bounded by Hennepin Avenue, 6th Street, 7th Street, and 1st Avenue North. It is part of the Downtown West neighborhood in Minneapolis. It is one block south of the Warehouse District/Hennepin Avenue light rail station on the METRO Blue and Green lines.

The block has had a long history of different uses, from movie theaters and bars to retail and restaurants. Currently it is home to basketball practice facilities and front offices of both the Minnesota Timberwolves of the NBA and Minnesota Lynx of the WNBA. Mayo Clinic Square is connected to Target Center via the Minneapolis Skyway System. The building also contains a Mayo Clinic sports medicine facility, which is open to the public, and the street level redevelopment has been spearheaded with the new restaurant City Works.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Olmsted County, Minnesota

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Olmsted County, Minnesota. It is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Olmsted County, Minnesota, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map.

There are 25 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including one National Historic Landmark. A supplementary list includes five additional sites that were formerly on the National Register. Many of the county's listings are associated with the Mayo Clinic, an influential hospital and medical research facility founded in 1889.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted March 7, 2019.

Philip Showalter Hench

Philip Showalter Hench (February 28, 1896 – March 30, 1965) was an American physician. Hench, along with his Mayo Clinic co-worker Edward Calvin Kendall and Swiss chemist Tadeus Reichstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for the discovery of the hormone cortisone, and its application for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The Nobel Committee bestowed the award for the trio's "discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects."Hench received his undergraduate education at Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania, and received his medical training at the United States Army Medical Corps and the University of Pittsburgh. He began working at Mayo Clinic in 1923, later serving as the head of the Department of Rheumatology. In addition to the Nobel Prize, Hench received many other awards and honors throughout his career. He also had a lifelong interest in the history and discovery of yellow fever.

Plummer Building

The Plummer Building in Rochester, Minnesota is one of the many architecturally significant buildings on the Mayo Clinic campus. This new "Mayo Clinic" building, opened in 1928, added much needed space to the ever-expanding Mayo practice. The architect of record is Ellerbe & Co., now Ellerbe Becket. It was the third building designed by the firm for the Mayo Clinic. The Mayo Clinic Buildings were listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1969, and the Plummer Building was further designated as U.S. National Historic Landmark a week later, designated as Mayo Clinic Building.

Rochester, Minnesota

Rochester is a city founded in 1854 in the U.S. State of Minnesota and is the county seat of Olmsted County located on the Zumbro River's south fork in Southeast Minnesota. It is Minnesota's third-largest city and the largest city located outside the Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2015, the Rochester metropolitan area has a population of 215,884. According to the 2010 United States Census the city has a population of 106,769. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated that the 2017 population was 115,733. It is the home of the Mayo Clinic and formerly, one of IBM's largest facilities. The city has long been rated as one of the best places to live in the United States by multiple publications such as Money.

William James Mayo

William James Mayo (June 29, 1861 – July 28, 1939) was a physician and surgeon in the United States and one of the seven founders of the Mayo Clinic. He and his brother, Charles Horace Mayo, both joined their father's private medical practice in Rochester, Minnesota, USA, after graduating from medical school in the 1880s. In 1919, that practice became the not-for-profit Mayo Clinic.

Augustus Stinchfield was also asked to join the medical practice in 1892 by William Worrall Mayo. Once Stinchfield was hired, W. W. Mayo retired at age 73. Others who were invited to be part of the enterprise were C. Graham, E. Starr Judd, Henry Stanley Plummer, Melvin Millet and Donald Balfour. This group of doctors, along with their dedicated staff, created the world's first private integrated group practice. The generosity of the Mayo brothers and their partners, together with their shared industry, ensured the future growth of the Mayo Clinic.

William Worrall Mayo

William Worrall Mayo (; May 31, 1819 – March 6, 1911) was a British-American medical doctor and chemist. He is best known for establishing the private medical practice that later evolved into the Mayo Clinic. He was a descendant of a famous English chemist, John Mayow. His sons, William James Mayo and Charles Horace Mayo, established a joint medical practice in Rochester in the U.S. state of Minnesota in the 1880s.

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