Max Carey

Maximillian George Carnarius (January 11, 1890 – May 30, 1976), known as Max George Carey, was an American professional baseball center fielder and manager. Carey played in Major League Baseball for the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1910 through 1926 and for the Brooklyn Robins from 1926 through 1929. He managed the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1932 and 1933.

Carey starred for the Pirates, helping them win the 1925 World Series. During his 20-year career, he led the league in stolen bases ten times and finished with 738 steals, a National League record until 1974 and still the 9th-highest total in major league history. Carey was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1961.

Max Carey
Max Carey 1921
Carey in 1921
Outfielder / Manager
Born: January 11, 1890
Terre Haute, Indiana
Died: May 30, 1976 (aged 86)
Miami, Florida
Batted: Switch Threw: Right
MLB debut
October 3, 1910, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
Last MLB appearance
September 29, 1929, for the Brooklyn Robins
MLB statistics
Batting average.285
Home runs70
Runs batted in802
Stolen bases738
Managerial record146–161
Winning %.476
As player
As manager
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early life

Maximillian George Carnarius was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, on January 11, 1890. His father was a Prussian soldier and swimming teacher. He emigrated to the United States after the Franco-Prussian War and worked as a contractor.[1]

Carey's parents wanted their son to become a Lutheran minister. He attended Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana, studying in the pre-ministerial program. He also played baseball, and was a member of the swimming and track-and-field teams. After graduating in 1909, he went to Concordia Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.[1]

Professional career

Minor league baseball

In the summer of 1909, Carey attended a game of minor league baseball's Central League between the Terre Haute Hottentots and the South Bend Greens. South Bend was without a starting shortstop, as they had sold theirs to another team. Carey found Aggie Grant, South Bend's manager, and convinced Grant to give him the opportunity to fill in for the remainder of the season, based on his track-and-field skills. He used the name "Max Carey" in order to retain his amateur status at Concordia College. He had a .158 batting average and committed 24 errors in 48 games.[1][2]

Carey returned to play for South Bend in the 1910 season. The team had a new shortstop, Alex McCarthy, so Carey agreed to play as their left fielder. He had a .298 batting average with 86 stolen bases in 96 games. He also recorded 25 assists. Able to make a career in baseball, Carey decided to drop out of Concordia.[1]

Major League Baseball

The President of the Central League recommended Carey to the Pittsburgh Pirates of Major League Baseball's (MLB) National League at the end of the 1910 season. The Pirates bought Carey and McCarthy from South Bend on August 15, and Carey made his MLB debut with the Pirates, appearing in two games as a replacement for Fred Clarke.[1][3]

Bill McKechnie, John H. McCooey, and Max Carey NYWTS
Carey (right), and Boston's Bill McKechnie watch as John H. McCooey throws out the first ball of Brooklyn's 1932 season

In 1912, Carey played in 122 games as the Pirates' center fielder, replacing Tommy Leach.[4] He had a .258 batting average on the season.[5] The next year, he succeeded Clarke as the Pirates' left fielder on a permanent basis.[4] In 1913, Carey led the National League in plate appearances (692), at bats (620), runs scored (99), and stolen bases (61).[6] In 1914, he led the National League in games played (156), at bats (596), and triples (17).[7] He led the National League in steals in 1915 (36),[8] 1916 (63),[9] 1917 (46),[10] and 1918 (58), while also leading the league with 62 walks in 1918.[11] After the 1915 season, Carey went on a barnstorming tour with Dave Bancroft.[12]

Carey missed much of the 1919 season with an injury, but returned to form in the 1920 season.[1] He again led the National League in steals in 1920, with 52,[13] in the 1922 season with 51,[14] in the 1923 season with 51,[15] in the 1924 season with 49,[16] and in the 1925 season with 46.[17] In the 1922 season, he was only caught stealing twice.[4]

In 1924, Carey altered his batting stance based on Ty Cobb's. He had a .343 batting average in the 1925 season, and the Pirates won the National League pennant that year. In the deciding game of the 1925 World Series, Carey had four hits, including three doubles, off of Walter Johnson.[1] Carey's .458 batting average led all players in the series, and the Pirates defeated the American League's Washington Senators.[18] He hit for a batting average over .300 three seasons in a row from 1921 to 1923. He led the league in stolen bases eight times, including each season between 1922 and 1924.[2] He regularly stole 40 or more bases and maintained a favorable steal percentage; in 1922 he stole 51 bases and was caught only twice. He also stole home 33 times in his career, second best only to Ty Cobb's 50 on the all-time list.

In 1926, Clarke, now the team vice president, was also serving as an assistant to manager Bill McKechnie. Clarke would sit on the bench in full uniform and give advice to McKechnie. Carey ended up in a slump that summer and one day Clarke commented to McKechnie that they should replace Carey, even if they had to replace him with a pitcher. When Carey found out about the remark, he called a team meeting, along with Babe Adams and Carson Bigbee, who were also discontented with Clarke. The players voted on whether Clarke should remain on the bench during games. The players voted 18-6 in favor of Clarke remaining on the bench. Clarke found out about the meeting and ordered that the responsible players were to be disciplined.[19] Adams and Bigbee were released, while Carey was suspended.[20] The Pirates placed Carey on waivers and he was claimed by the Brooklyn Robins.[19] Carey played his final three and a half years with the Robins, but he was aging and no longer the same player. Carey retired in 1929.

Later career

Carey returned to the Pirates as a coach for the 1930 season.[21] After sitting out the 1931 season, he became the manager of the Dodgers before the 1932 season, succeeding Wilbert Robinson.[22][23] He traded for outfielder Hack Wilson,[24] and traded Babe Herman, also an outfielder, for third baseman Joe Stripp.[25] Behind Wilson, Brooklyn finished in third place in the National League in 1932. However, the team struggled in the 1933 season, leading to outrage when the club renewed his contract for 1934 in August.[26] Receiving criticism by Brooklyn newspapers, he was replaced before the 1934 season by Casey Stengel, and remarked that he became "the first manager fired by the newspapers".[1] The organization stated that they fired Carey due to his inability to get along with his players.[27]

Carey worked as a scout for the Baltimore Orioles and served as a minor league manager.[28] He was the manager and general manager of the Miami Wahoos of the Florida East Coast League in 1940 and 1941.[1] In 1944, Carey became the manager of the Milwaukee Chicks in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL). That year, Milwaukee won the AAGPBL pennant.[1] Beginning in 1945, he spent several years as the league's president.[29] He then spent three seasons managing the league's Fort Wayne Daisies.[28]

Later life

Carey moved to Florida, and became involved in real estate. Carey lost more than $100,000 ($1,459,109 in current dollar terms) in the 1929 stock market crash. He became a writer in the 1950s. He self-published a book on baseball strategy and authored magazine articles for publications such as Esquire.[1] He also served on the Florida State Racing Commission.[30]

In 1961, the Veterans Committee elected Carey and Billy Hamilton to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.[31]

In 1968, Carey joined other athletes in supporting Richard Nixon's presidential campaign. The athletes created a committee called Athletes for Nixon.[32]

Carey died on May 30, 1976 at age 86 in Miami, Florida. He was buried in Woodlawn Park Cemetery and Mausoleum (now Caballero Rivero Woodlawn North Park Cemetery and Mausoleum). He was survived by his wife, Aurelia, and a son, Max Jr.[30]


Carey was nicknamed "Scoop" for his ability to catch fly balls in front of him.[33] His mark of 738 stolen bases remained a National League record, until Lou Brock surpassed it in 1974.[34]

When Carey was young, his mother sewed special pads into his uniform to protect his legs and hips while sliding. Carey went on to patent these sliding pads.[1][35][36] He also shared a patent on a liniment called Minute-Rub.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bennett, John. "The Baseball Biography Project – Max Carey". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved June 10, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Waldo, Ronald (2011). The Battling Bucs of 1925: How the Pittsburgh Pirates Pulled Off the Greatest Comeback in World Series History. McFarland. p. 25. ISBN 0786487895. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  3. ^ "1910 Pittsburgh Pirates". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "Carey's Path to the Hall of Fame". The Miami News. January 30, 1961. Retrieved October 29, 2017 – via
  5. ^ "1911 Pittsburgh Pirates". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  6. ^ "1913 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  7. ^ "1914 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "1915 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  9. ^ "1916 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  10. ^ "1917 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  11. ^ "1918 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  12. ^ "The Gazette Times". Retrieved November 4, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  13. ^ "1920 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  14. ^ "1922 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  15. ^ "1923 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  16. ^ "1924 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  17. ^ "1925 National League Batting Leaders". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  18. ^ "1925 World Series - Pittsburgh Pirates over Washington Senators (4-3) -". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Waldo, Ronald (2010). Fred Clarke: A Biography of the Baseball Hall of Fame Player-Manager. McFarland. pp. 203–205. ISBN 0786460164. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  20. ^ "Pirates Drop Vets, Suspend Their Captain". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Retrieved November 7, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  21. ^ Boyle, Havey J. (October 31, 1930). "Mirrors of Sport". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 4, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  22. ^ "Carey Gets Pilot's Job Of Dodgers". Schenectady Gazette. AP. October 24, 1931. Retrieved November 7, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  23. ^ Talbot, Gayle (January 5, 1932). "Max Carey Says He Will Give Brooklyn Batter Baseball With Injection of New Ideas". Reading Eagle. Retrieved November 4, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  24. ^ Cuddy, Jack (January 25, 1932). "Max Carey Intends To Build Robins Around Hack Wilson". The Pittsburgh Press. UP. Retrieved November 4, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  25. ^ Carroll, Ed (March 24, 1932). "Sportalk". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved November 4, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  26. ^ "Flatbush Betting 5 to 1 Max Carey Gets The Ax". The Pittsburgh Press. UP. February 20, 1934. Retrieved November 4, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  27. ^ "Brookly Dismisses Max Carey As Manager". The Pittsburgh Press. February 21, 1934. Retrieved November 7, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  28. ^ a b "Carey, Max". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  29. ^ "Max Carey". All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Players Association. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  30. ^ a b "Carey top base-thief of his day". The Morning Record. AP. June 1, 1976. Retrieved November 7, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  31. ^ Fitzgerald, Tommy (January 30, 1961). "Dream Comes True, Carey Reaches 'Hall'". The Miami News. Retrieved October 29, 2017 – via
  32. ^ Hesser, Charles (July 19, 1968). "Citrus Tycoon Griffin In Town For Wallace". The Miami News. Retrieved October 29, 2017 – via
  33. ^ "Two Ex-Outfielders Enter Hall Of Fame". The Palm Beach Post. AP. January 30, 1961. Retrieved October 29, 2017 – via
  34. ^ "Max Carey Succcumbs". The Evening Independent. AP. May 31, 1976. Retrieved November 4, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  35. ^ Ferguson, Harry (May 28, 1963). "Big Ideas Copied; Even Lillian Russell Got Into The Act". The Pittsburgh Press. UPI. Retrieved November 7, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.
  36. ^ "Patents Granted". The Pittsburgh Press. September 10, 1927. Retrieved November 7, 2014 – via Google News Archive Search.

Further reading

External links

Preceded by
Kiki Cuyler
Hitting for the cycle
June 20, 1925
Succeeded by
Roy Carlyle
1913 Pittsburgh Pirates season

The 1913 Pittsburgh Pirates season was the 32nd season of the Pittsburgh Pirates franchise; the 27th in the National League. The Pirates finished fourth in the league standings with a record of 78–71.

1925 Pittsburgh Pirates season

The 1925 Pittsburgh Pirates finished first in the National League with a record of 95–58. They defeated the Washington Senators four games to three to win their second World Series championship.

The Pirates had three future Hall of Famers in their starting lineup: Max Carey, Kiki Cuyler, and Pie Traynor.

1926 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1926 Brooklyn Robins season was the 18th and final season for long–time team star Zack Wheat.

1927 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1927 Brooklyn Robins had another bad year. They tied a National League record on May 21 by using five pitchers in the eighth inning.

1928 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1928 Brooklyn Robins finished in 6th place, despite pitcher Dazzy Vance leading the league in strikeouts for a seventh straight season as well as posting a career best 2.09 ERA.

1929 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1929 Brooklyn Robins finished the season in 6th place for the fifth straight season.

1932 Brooklyn Dodgers season

The 1932 Brooklyn Dodgers season was the first season the franchise was officially known as the Dodgers, with the name making its first appearance on some of the team's jerseys. The Dodgers nickname had in use since the 1890s and was used interchangeably with other nicknames in media reports, particularly "Robins" in reference to longtime manager Wilbert Robinson. With Robinson's retirement after the 1931 season and the arrival of Max Carey, the nickname "Robins" was no longer used. The team wound up finishing the season in third place.

1933 Brooklyn Dodgers season

The 1933 Brooklyn Dodgers finished in 6th place. After the season, manager Max Carey was fired and replaced by coach Casey Stengel.

1961 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1961 followed a system established after the 1956 election. The baseball writers would vote on recent players only in even-number years (until 1967).

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players. It selected two center fielders and talented baserunners, Max Carey and Billy Hamilton.

Buckshot May

William Herbert "Buckshot" May (December 13, 1899 – March 15, 1984) was a Major League Baseball pitcher who appeared in one game for the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1924. The 24-year-old right-hander stood 6'2" and weighed 169 lbs.

On May 9, 1924, May came in to pitch the top of the 9th inning in a home game against the Boston Braves at Forbes Field. He pitched a scoreless inning, with one strikeout, but the Pirates lost 10-7. His lifetime ERA stands at 0.00.

His manager was future Hall of Famer Bill McKechnie. Other notable teammates who would one day be members of the Baseball Hall of Fame were Max Carey, Kiki Cuyler, Rabbit Maranville, and Pie Traynor.

May died in his hometown of Bakersfield, California at the age of 84.

Center fielder

A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is the outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field – the baseball and softball fielding position between left field and right field. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the center fielder is assigned the number 8.

List of Los Angeles Dodgers managers

The Los Angeles Dodgers are a Major League Baseball team that plays in the National League Western Division. The Dodgers began play in 1884 as the' Brooklyn Atlantics and have been known by seven nicknames since (including the Grays, Grooms, grooms, Superbas, and Robins), before adopting the Dodgers name for good in 1932. They played in Brooklyn, New York until their move to Los Angeles in 1958. During the teams existence, they have employed 32 different managers. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.

List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders

Major League Baseball recognizes stolen base leaders in the American League and National League each season.

List of Major League Baseball career putouts as an outfielder leaders

In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly out when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by tagging a runner with the ball when he is not touching a base (a tagout), catching a batted or thrown ball and tagging a base to put out a batter or runner (a force out), catching a thrown ball and tagging a base to record an out on an appeal play, catching a third strike (a strikeout), catching a batted ball on the fly (a flyout), or being positioned closest to a runner called out for interference.

An outfielder is a person playing in one of the three defensive positions in baseball, farthest from the batter. These defenders are the left fielder, the center fielder, and the right fielder. An outfielder's duty is to try to catch long fly balls before they hit the ground or to quickly catch or retrieve and return to the infield any other balls entering the outfield. Outfielders normally play behind the six other members of the defense who play in or near the infield. By convention, each of the nine defensive positions in baseball is numbered. The outfield positions are 7 (left field), 8 (center field) and 9 (right field). These numbers are shorthand designations useful in baseball scorekeeping and are not necessarily the same as the squad numbers worn on player uniforms.

Willie Mays is the all-time leader in putouts as an outfielder with 7,095 career. Mays is the only outfielder to record more than 7,000 career putouts. Tris Speaker (6,788), Rickey Henderson (6,468), Max Carey (6,363), Ty Cobb (6,361), and Richie Ashburn (6,089) are the only other outfielders to record more than 6,000 career putouts.

List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders

In baseball statistics, a stolen base is credited to a baserunner when he successfully advances to the next base while the pitcher is throwing the ball to home plate. Under Rule 7.01 of Major League Baseball's (MLB) Official Rules, a runner acquires the right to an unoccupied base when he touches it before he is out. Stolen bases were more common in baseball's dead-ball era, when teams relied more on stolen bases and hit and run plays than on home runs.As of September 2018, Rickey Henderson holds the MLB career stolen base record with 1,406. He is the only MLB player to have reached the 1,000 stolen bases milestone in his career. Following Henderson is Lou Brock with 938 stolen bases; Billy Hamilton is third on the all-time steals listing. His number of career steals varies with different sources, but all sources hold his career steals placing him in third on the list before Ty Cobb (897), Tim Raines (808), Vince Coleman (752), Arlie Latham (742), Eddie Collins (741), Max Carey (738), and Honus Wagner (723), who are the only other players to have stolen at least 700 bases. Coleman is the leader for retired players that are not members of the Hall of Fame. Hugh Nicol is the leader for the most stolen bases in one season, with 138 stolen bases in 1887.Brock held the all-time career stolen bases before being surpassed by Henderson in 1991. Brock had held the record from 1977 to 1991. Before Brock, Hamilton held the record for eighty-one years, from 1897 to 1977. Before that, Latham held the record from 1887 to 1896. Latham was also the first player to collect 300 career stolen bases. With Kenny Lofton's retirement in 2007, 2008 was the first season since 1967 in which no active player had more than 500 career stolen bases. Between 2008 and 2010, no active player had more than 500 stolen bases until Juan Pierre collected his 500th stolen base on August 5, 2010. He was the leader in stolen bases for active players until his retirement at the end of the 2013 season. José Reyes is the current active leader in stolen bases with 517 career.

List of Major League Baseball stolen base records

Stolen bases were not officially noted in a baseball game's summary until 1886, and it was not until 1888 that it officially earned a place in the box score. The modern rule for stolen bases was adopted in 1898. While some sources do not include stolen base records before 1898 because they are difficult to compare to the era after 1898, as the sourcing on this list indicates, Major League Baseball continues to recognize them.Players denoted in italics are still actively contributing to the record noted.

(r) denotes a player's rookie season.

List of Pittsburgh Pirates home run leaders

List of the Pittsburgh Pirates franchise home run leaders with 50 or more home runs.(Correct as of March 20, 2019)

Milwaukee Chicks

The Milwaukee Chicks were a women's professional baseball team which played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League during the 1944 season. They were managed by Max Carey, former star player for the Pittsburgh Pirates and Brooklyn Robins and a future Hall of Famer.They were also known colloquially as the "Brewettes", after the city's established baseball team, and the "Schnitts" (a term for glass of beer served half-full).

Times on base

In baseball statistics, the term times on base, also abbreviated as TOB, is the cumulative total number of times a batter has reached base as a result of hits, walks and hit by pitches. This statistic does not include times reaching first by way of error, dropped third strike, fielder's obstruction or a fielder's choice, making this statistic somewhat of a misnomer.

Veterans Committee
First basemen
Second basemen
Third basemen
Designated hitters
Executives /

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