Matthew Parker

Matthew Parker (6 August 1504 – 17 May 1575) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1559 until his death in 1575. He was also an influential theologian and arguably the co-founder (with Thomas Cranmer and Richard Hooker) of a distinctive tradition of Anglican theological thought.

Parker was one of the primary architects of the Thirty-nine Articles, the defining statements of Anglican doctrine. The Parker collection of early English manuscripts, including the book of St Augustine Gospels and Version A of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, was created as part of his efforts to demonstrate that the English Church was historically independent from Rome, creating one of the world's most important collections of ancient manuscripts.

Matthew Parker
Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop Matthew Parker
ChurchChurch of England
Installed19 December 1559
Term ended17 May 1575
PredecessorReginald Pole
SuccessorEdmund Grindal
Ordination15 June 1527
Consecration17 December 1559
by William Barlow
Personal details
Born6 August 1504
Norwich, England
Died17 May 1575 (aged 70)
Lambeth, England
BuriedLambeth Chapel
Ordination history of
Matthew Parker
Source(s): [1]

Early years

The eldest son of William Parker, he was born in Norwich, in St Saviour's parish. His mother's maiden name was Alice Monins and she may have been related by marriage to Thomas Cranmer. When William Parker died, in about 1516, his widow married John Baker. Parker was sent in 1522 to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge,[2] and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1525. He was ordained deacon on 20 April 1527 and priest on 15 June the same year. In September 1527 he was elected a fellow of Corpus Christi and began his Master of Arts degree in 1528. He was one of the Cambridge scholars whom Thomas Wolsey wished to transplant to his newly-founded 'Cardinal College' at Oxford.

Parker, like Cranmer, declined Wolsey's invitation. He had come under the influence of the Cambridge reformers, and after Anne Boleyn's recognition as queen he was made her chaplain. Through her, he was appointed dean of the college of secular canons at Stoke-by-Clare in Suffolk in 1535. Hugh Latimer wrote to him in that year urging him not to fall short of the expectations which had been formed of his ability. Shortly before Anne Boleyn's death in 1536, she commended to his care her daughter Elizabeth.[3] In 1537 he was appointed chaplain to King Henry VIII. In 1538 he was threatened with prosecution, but Richard Yngworth, the Bishop of Dover, reported to Thomas Cromwell that Parker "hath ever been of a good judgment and set forth the Word of God after a good manner. For this he suffers some grudge." He graduated DD in that year, and in 1541 was appointed to the second prebend in the reconstituted cathedral church of Ely. In 1544, on Henry VIII's recommendation, he was elected master of Corpus Christi College, and in 1545 vice-chancellor of the university. He got into some trouble with the chancellor, Stephen Gardiner, over a ribald play, Pammachius, performed by the students, which derided the old ecclesiastical system.

Rise to power

On the passing of the Act of Parliament in 1545 enabling the king to dissolve chantries and colleges, Parker was appointed one of the commissioners for Cambridge, and their report may have saved its colleges from destruction. Stoke, however, was dissolved in the following reign, and Parker received a generous pension. He took advantage of the new reign to marry in June 1547, before clerical marriages were legalised by Parliament and Convocation, Margaret, daughter of Robert Harlestone, a Norfolk squire. They had initially planned to marry since about 1540 but had waited until it was not a felony for priests to marry.[4] The marriage was a happy one, although Queen Elizabeth's dislike of Margaret was later to cause Parker much distress. During Kett's Rebellion, he preached in the rebels' camp on Mousehold Hill near Norwich, without much effect, and later encouraged his secretary, Alexander Neville, to write his history of the rising.

Parker's association with Protestantism advanced with the times, and he received higher promotion under John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, than under the moderate Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset. At Cambridge, he was a friend of Martin Bucer and preached Bucer's funeral sermon in 1551. In 1552 he was promoted to the rich deanery of Lincoln, and in July 1553 he supped with Northumberland at Cambridge, when the duke marched north on his hopeless campaign against the accession of Mary Tudor. As a supporter of Northumberland and a married man, under the new regime Parker was deprived of his deanery, his mastership of Corpus Christi, and his other preferments. However, he survived Mary's reign without leaving the country – a fact that would not have endeared him to the more ardent Protestants who went into exile and idealised those who were martyred by Queen Mary. Parker respected authority, and when his time came he could consistently impose authority on others. He was not eager to assume this task, and made great efforts to avoid promotion to the archbishopric of Canterbury, which Elizabeth designed for him as soon as she had succeeded to the throne.

Archbishop of Canterbury (1559–1575)

Elizabeth wanted a moderate man, so she chose Parker. There was also an emotional attachment. Parker had been the favourite chaplain of Elizabeth's mother, Anne Boleyn. Before Anne was arrested in 1536 she had entrusted Elizabeth's spiritual well-being to Parker. A few days afterwards Anne was executed following charges of adultery, incest and treason. Parker also possessed all the qualifications Elizabeth expected from an archbishop, except celibacy. Elizabeth had a strong prejudice against married clergy, and in addition she seems to have disliked Margaret Parker personally, often treating her so rudely that her husband was "in horror to hear it."[5] After a visit to Lambeth, the Queen duly thanked her hostess but maliciously asked how she should address her, "For Madam I may not call you, mistress I should be ashamed to call you".[6]

He was elected on 1 August 1559 but, given the turbulence and executions that had preceded Elizabeth's accession, it was difficult to find the requisite four bishops willing and qualified to consecrate Parker, and not until 19 December was that ceremony performed at Lambeth by William Barlow, formerly Bishop of Bath and Wells, John Scory, formerly Bishop of Chichester, Miles Coverdale, formerly Bishop of Exeter, and John Hodgkins, Bishop of Bedford. The allegation of an indecent consecration in the Nag's Head Fable seems first to have been made by the Jesuit Christopher Holywood in 1604, and has since been discredited. Parker's consecration was, however, legally valid only by the plenitude of the Royal Supremacy approved by the Commons and reluctantly by a vote of the Lords 21-18; the Edwardine Ordinal, which was used, had been repealed by Mary Tudor and not re-enacted by the parliament of 1559.

His consecration gave rise to a dispute, which continues to this day, over its sacramental validity from the perspective of the Roman Catholic Church. The Papal Commission which pronounced Anglican Orders "null and void" in 1896 could not dispute that the 'manual' succession, that is, the actual laying on of hands and prayer, had not taken place after all the legal and canonical requirements were met or that two of the four consecrators of Parker, Barlow and Hodgkins, had invalid orders, since they had been made bishops with the Roman Pontifical in the Latin Rite in the 1530s; and therefore, their Orders were valid according to the definition stated in Apostolicae Curae. John Scory and Miles Coverdale, the other two consecrators were consecrated with the English Ordinal of 1550 on the same day in 1551 by Cranmer, Hodgkins and Ridley who were consecrated with the Catholic Rite in 1532, -37 and -47 respectively.[7] All four of Parker's consecrators were, therefore, consecrated by men who themselves had been with the Roman Pontifical. The Pope asserted in the condemnation that "defect of form and intent" were insufficient to make a bishop, and therefore represented a break in the apostolic succession.[8] Manual transmission was therefore not sufficient. The English Rite was defective in form, i.e. the words of the Rite, and absence of the consecrators intention to create a sacrificing bishop, and so Anglican Orders were "null and void." The Church of England Archbishops of Canterbury and York rejected this argument in Saepius Officio of 1897. the rebuttal was written to demonstrate the sufficiency of the form and intention used in the Anglican Ordinal. According to them the required references to the sacrificial priesthood never existed in many ancient Catholic ordination liturgies nor in certain current Eastern-rite ordination liturgies that the Roman Catholic Church considers valid. The archbishops argued that a particular formula in this respect as a sine qua non made no difference to the substance or validity of the act since the only two components that all ordination rites had in common were prayer and the laying on of hands, and that the words in the Anglican Rite itself gave plenty of evidence as to the intent of the participants as stated in the preface, words and action of the Rite. They pointed out that the only fixed and sure sacramental formulary is the baptismal.[9] They argued that it was not necessary to consecrate a bishop as 'sacrificing priest' since he already was one by virtue of being a priest, except in ordinations per saltim i.e. from deacon to bishop when the ordinand was made priest and bishop at once, a practice discontinued and forbidden[10] They also pointed out that none of the priests ordained with the English Ordinal were re-ordained as a requirement by Queen Mary - some did so voluntarily and some were re-anointed, a practice common at the time.[11] On the contrary the Queen ordered all married clergy, estimated at 15% of the total at the beginning of her reign in 1553, to put their wives away.[12] Parker was ordained in 1527 in the Latin Rite and before the break with Rome. As such according to this Rite he was a 'sacrificing priest.' The Orders of the Church of Ireland were condemned as part of the wider denunciation of Anglican Orders.

In the first year of his archepiscopacy Parker participated in the consecration of 11 new bishops and confirmed two who had been ordained in previous reigns[13]

Parker mistrusted popular enthusiasm, and he wrote in horror of the idea that "the people" should be the reformers of the Church. He was convinced that if ever Protestantism was to be firmly established in England at all, some definite ecclesiastical forms and methods must be sanctioned to secure the triumph of order over anarchy, and he vigorously set about the repression of what he thought a mutinous individualism incompatible with a catholic spirit.[14]

He was not an inspiring leader and no dogma or prayer-book is associated with his name. However, the English composer Thomas Tallis contributed Nine Tunes for Archbishop Parker's Psalter which bears his name. The 55 volumes published by the Parker Society include only one by its eponymous hero, and that is a volume of correspondence. He was a disciplinarian, a scholar, a modest and moderate man of genuine piety and irreproachable morals.

Probably his most famous saying, prompted by the arrival of Mary Queen of Scots in England, was "I fear our good Queen has the wolf by the ears"[15]

Later years

Parker avoided involvement in secular politics and was never admitted to Elizabeth's Privy Council. Ecclesiastical politics gave him considerable trouble. Some of the evangelical reformers wanted liturgical changes and at least the option not to wear certain clerical vestments, if not their complete prohibition. Early presbyterians wanted no bishops, and the conservatives opposed all these changes, often preferring to move in the opposite direction toward the practices of the Henrician church. The queen herself begrudged episcopal privilege until she eventually recognised it as one of the chief bulwarks of the royal supremacy. To Parker's consternation, the queen refused to add her imprimatur to his attempts to secure conformity, though she insisted that he achieve this goal. Thus Parker was left to stem the rising tide of Puritan feeling with little support from parliament, convocation or the Crown.

The bishops' Interpretations and Further Considerations, issued in 1560, tolerated a lower vestiarian standard than was prescribed by the rubric of 1559, but it fell short of the desires of the anti-vestiarian clergy like Coverdale (one of the bishops who had consecrated Parker) who made a public display of their nonconformity in London.

The Book of Advertisements, which Parker published in 1566, to check the anti-vestiarian faction, had to appear without specific royal sanction; and the Reformatio legum ecclesiasticarum, which John Foxe published with Parker's approval, received neither royal, parliamentary nor synodical authorisation. Parliament even contested the claim of the bishops to determine matters of faith. "Surely," said Parker to Peter Wentworth, "you will refer yourselves wholly to us therein." "No, by the faith I bear to God," retorted Wentworth, "we will pass nothing before we understand what it is; for that were but to make you popes. Make you popes who list, for we will make you none."

Disputes about vestments had expanded into a controversy over the whole field of Church government and authority. Parker died on 17 May 1575, lamenting that Puritan ideas of "governance" would "in conclusion undo the queen and all others that depended upon her." By his personal conduct, he had set an ideal example for Anglican priests.[16]

He is buried in the chapel of Lambeth Palace.[17] Matthew Parker Street, near Westminster Abbey, is named after him.[18]


Parker's historical research was exemplified in his De antiquitate Britannicæ ecclesiae, and his editions of Asser, Matthew Paris (1571), Thomas Walsingham, and the compiler known as Matthew of Westminster (1571). De antiquitate Britannieæ ecclesiæ was probably printed at Lambeth in 1572, where the archbishop is said to have had an establishment of printers, engravers, and illuminators.[14]

Parker gave the English people the Bishops' Bible, which was undertaken at his request, prepared under his supervision, and published at his expense in 1572. Much of his time and labour from 1563 to 1568 was given to this work. He had also the principal share in drawing up the Book of Common Prayer, for which his skill in ancient liturgies peculiarly fitted him. His liturgical skill was also shown in his version of the psalter.[14] It was under his presidency that the Thirty-nine Articles were finally reviewed and subscribed by the clergy (1562).

Parker published in 1567 an old Saxon Homily on the Sacrament, by Ælfric of Eynsham. He published A Testimonie of Antiquitie Showing the Ancient Fayth in the Church of England Touching the Sacrament of the Body and Bloude of the Lord to prove that transubstantiation was not the doctrine of the ancient English Church.[14] Parker collaborated with his secretary John Joscelyn in his manuscript studies.

Manuscript collection

Parker left a priceless collection of manuscripts, largely collected from former monastic libraries, to his college at Cambridge. The Parker Library at Corpus Christi bears his name and houses most of his collection, with some volumes in the Cambridge University Library. The Parker Library on the Web project has made digital images of all of these manuscripts available online.

"Nosey Parker"

Parker's inquisitiveness about Church matters is sometimes said to have led to his being called "nosey Parker" and this to have been the source of the common English term describing someone who pokes their nose into other people's business.[19] This has, however, no basis in fact.[20]

See also


  1. ^ The Apostolical Succession of the English Clergy Traced from the Earliest Times, And, in the Four Dioceses of Canterbury, London, Norwich, and Ely, Continued to the Year M.DCCC.LXII. p. 22 (Google Books)
  2. ^ "Parker, Matthew (PRKR521M)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Parker, Matthew" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  4. ^ Nancy Balser Bjorklund, "A Godly Wife is an Helper: Matthew Parker and the Defense of Clerical Marriage," Sixteenth Century Journal Vol. 34, no. 2 (summer 2003) p. 350
  5. ^ Alison Weir Elizabeth the Queen Pimlico edition 1999 p.57
  6. ^ Lacey Baldwin Smith The Elizabethan World Houghton Mifflin Boston 1967 p.73
  7. ^ Project Canterbury, Supplementary Appendix A, Notes on the Consecration of Archbishop Parker, by Rev. Henry Barker, 2000; and the Register of the Diocese of Rochester on Ridley
  8. ^ O'Riordan M. 'Apostolicae Curae' Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913, pp. 644-45
  9. ^ Saepius Officio IX
  10. ^ Saepius Officio XIII
  11. ^ Saepius Officio, VI
  12. ^ Christopher Haigh, The Tudor Revolutions, Religion, Politics, Society under the Tudors, 1991 pp. 226-227 ISBN 978-0-19-822162-3
  13. ^ Project Canterbury, Supplementary Appendix A, Notes on the Consecration of Archbishop Parker, by Rev. Henry Barker, 2000
  14. ^ a b c d Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Parker, Matthew" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  15. ^ Weir p.195
  16. ^ Chisholm (1911)
  17. ^ Archbishop of Canterbury's website
  18. ^
  19. ^ Wallechinsky, David (2009). The Book of Lists. USA: Canongate Books. p. 480. ISBN 1847676677.
  20. ^ The Phrase Finder: "Was the first Nosy Parker a real person and, if so, who? We don't know." Cf. also Oxford English Dictionary s.v. nosy parker (entry updated 2003): "Apparently < nosy adj. + the surname Parker. Compare (especially earlier) allusive use as a proper name, apparently with reference to a (probably fictitious) individual taken as the type of someone inquisitive or prying."


  • Graham, Timothy and Andrew G. Watson (1998) The Recovery of the Past in Early Elizabethan England: Documents by John Bale and John Joscelyn from the Circle of Matthew Parker (Cambridge Bibliographical Society Monograph 13). Cambridge: Cambridge Bibliographical Society
  • John Strype, Life of Parker, originally published in 1711, and re-edited for the Clarendon Press in 1821 (3 vols.), is the principal source for Parker's life.
  • Archbishop Parker by W. P.M. Kennedy (1908, reprint by BiblioBazaar LLC, 2008) full text online at
  • J. Bass Mullinger's scholarly life in the Dictionary of National Biography
  • Walter Frere's volume in Stephens and Hunt's Church History
  • Strype's Works (General Index)
  • Gough's Index to Parker Soc. Publ.
  • Fuller, Gilbert Burnet, Collier and Richard Watson Dixon's Histories of the Church
  • Henry Norbert Birt, The Elizabethan Religious Settlement
  • Henry Gee, The Elizabethan clergy and the Settlement of religion, 1558–1564 (1898)
  • James Anthony Froude, History of England
  • vol. vi. in Longman's Political History.
  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Parker, Matthew" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • Matthew Parker, "De antiquitate Britannicae Ecclesiae", binding for Queen Elizabeth I

External links

Church of England titles
Preceded by
Reginald Pole
Archbishop of Canterbury
Succeeded by
Edmund Grindal
Academic offices
Preceded by
John Madew
Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
Succeeded by
John Madew
Preceded by
William Bill
Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
Succeeded by
Walter Haddon
Preceded by
William Sowode
Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
Succeeded by
Lawrence Moptyd
Anthony Kitchin

Anthony Kitchin (22 July 1471 – 31 October 1563), also known as Anthony Dunstone, was a mid-16th-century Abbot of Eynsham Abbey and Bishop of Llandaff in both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of England.

Kitchin was a monk at Westminster Abbey, before becoming Prior of Gloucester Hall, Oxford. He was appointed Abbot of Eynsham in 1530, but lost the post at his abbey's dissolution in 1539. He was granted an unusually large pension of £133-6s-8d pa. Six years later, in 1545, Kitchin was made Bishop of Llandaff. He is said to have impoverished the diocese by selling off much of its property.He retained his see under Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary and Elizabeth. Alone of all the English bishops, he took the oath of Royal supremacy on the accession of the last. His willingness to follow the opinion of whichever monarch reigned has led many to accuse Kitchin of being spineless. Indeed, one historian has written of Kitchin that he was a 'timeserver who would doubtless have become a Hindu if required, provided he was allowed to hold on to the See of Llandaff' (Eamon Duffy, 'Fires of Faith', p. 23). However, he showed some backbone in opposing Elizabeth's appointment of Matthew Parker to the See of Canterbury (cf. Nag's Head Fable); apparently, his acquiescence in religious matters had its limits.

Kitchin died at the Bishop's Palace in Mathern on 31 October 1563 at the age of 92. He was one of the last known people born in the reign of Edward IV, and he is also one of the few known to have been born before the accession of Henry VII and to live into the reign of Elizabeth I.

Christian electronic dance music

Christian electronic dance music, also known as CEDM, Christian EDM, Christian Dance Music, CDM, or Christian electronic music is a genre of electronic dance music and Christian music. Its musical styles closely mirrors non-Christian EDM; however, the CEDM culture's lack of drug use and emphasis of positive lyrics (often focused on Christianity-based principles) distinguish it from non-religious counterparts. wrote "the [CEDM] culture can feel quite welcoming." Many different Groups such as Christian Electro Spot, Found Beats, God's DJs, and CEDM Radio have been created to support and foster the CEDM genre. Many live concerts and events have been held in Christian churches in addition to traditional venues such as Lumination, Creation Festival and LifeLight Music Festival. CEDM has also been incorporated into some Christian worship routines.

Conservative Campaign Headquarters

The Conservative Campaign Headquarters (CCHQ), formerly known as Conservative Central Office (CCO) is the headquarters of the British Conservative Party, housing its central staff and committee members, including campaign coordinators and managers. As of January 2018, Brandon Lewis is Conservative Party chairman.

Edmund Gheast

Edmund Gheast (also known as Guest, Geste or Gest; 1514–1577) was a 16th-century cleric of the Church of England.

Elizabethan Religious Settlement

The Elizabethan Religious Settlement, which was made during the reign of Elizabeth I, was a response to the religious divisions in England during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Lady Jane Grey, and Mary I. This response, described as "The Revolution of 1559", was set out in two acts of parliament. The Act of Supremacy of 1558 re-established the Church of England's independence from Rome, with parliament conferring on Elizabeth the title Supreme Governor of the Church of England (instead of Supreme Head) while the Act of Uniformity of 1559 re-introduced the 1552 Book of Common Prayer (BCP) which contained the liturgical services of the church with some modification in a more Catholic direction regarding the doctrine of the Real Presence; permission to use the traditional Mass vestments other articles of clergy dress in accordance with the Ornaments Rubric of 1549 which stated that these were such as in use in the first year of the reign of Edward VI (January 1547-) when services were still in Latin; and liturgical furniture The BCP became the yardstick of Anglicanism, which came to see its identity mainly in liturgy and institutional continuity rather than in a systematic school or confessional theology; and also to a lesser extent as set forth in the Thirty-Nine Articles which sought to navigate a middle way (via media) between Roman Catholicism, Continental Protestantism and radical sects.As for the governance of the Church the Queen was determined to maintain control for her benefit and strengthen the monarchy as the supreme arbiter over a fractious society and nobility. All but one of the Marian bishops refused to consecrate a new Archbishop of Canterbury (canon law from the First Ecumenical Council of 325 A.D. required a minimum of three for consecration). Intent upon maintaining the three-fold ministry of deacon, priest and bishop in the Apostolic Succession She chose Matthew Parker, a Cambridge University don (lecturer), priest and former vice-chancellor of the university, who was consecrated in December 1559 by four bishops whose consecrators had all been consecrated earlier using the Roman Rite. Two, William Barlow and John Hodgkins, had been consecrated in the mid-1530s using the Roman Pontifical. Scory and Ridley were consecrated bishops on the same day in 1551 with the English Ordinal of 1550 by Thomas Cranmer, John Hodgkins and Nicholas Ridley consecrated in 1532, 1537 and 1547 respectively using the Pontifical. The Church might be "reformed" in theology but there would be no break with the ancient institutional church in governance.

The papal bull Regnans in Excelsis, issued on 25 February 1570 by Pope Pius V, declared "Elizabeth, the pretended Queen of England and the servant of crime" to be a heretic, released all of her subjects from any allegiance to her, and excommunicated any who obeyed her orders. The bull, written in Latin, is named from its incipit, the first three words of its text, which mean "ruling from on high" (a reference to God). Among the queen's alleged offences, it lists that "she has removed the royal Council, composed of the nobility of England, and has filled it with obscure men, being heretics."

Francis Mason (priest)

Francis Mason (c.1566–1621) was an English churchman, archdeacon of Norfolk and author of Of the Consecration of the Bishops in the Church of England (1613), a defence of the Church of England and the first serious rebuttal of the Nag's Head Fable put about as denigration of Matthew Parker and Anglican orders.

John Day (printer)

John Day (or Daye) (c. 1522 – 23 July 1584) was an English Protestant printer. He specialised in printing and distributing Protestant literature and pamphlets, and produced many small-format religious books, such as ABCs, sermons, and translations of psalms. He found fame, however, as the publisher of John Foxe's Actes and Monuments, also known as the Book of Martyrs, the largest and most technologically accomplished book printed in sixteenth-century England.Day rose to the top of his profession during the reign of Edward VI (1547–1553). At this time, restrictions on publishers were relaxed, and a wave of propaganda on behalf of the English Reformation was encouraged by the government of the Lord Protector, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset. During the reign of the Catholic Queen Mary I, many Protestant printers fled to the continent, but Day stayed in England and continued to print Protestant literature. In 1554, he was arrested and imprisoned, presumably for these illicit printing activities. Under Queen Elizabeth I, Day returned to his premises at Aldersgate in London, where he enjoyed the patronage of high-ranking officials and nobles, including William Cecil, Robert Dudley, and Matthew Parker. With their support, he published the Book of Martyrs and was awarded monopolies for some of the most popular English books, such as The ABC with Little Catechism and The Whole Booke of Psalmes. Day, whose technical skill matched his business acumen, has been called "the master printer of the English Reformation".

John Joscelyn

John Joscelyn or John Joscelin (1529–1603) was an English clergyman and antiquarian as well as secretary to Matthew Parker, an Archbishop of Canterbury during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Joscelyn was involved in Parker's attempts to secure and publish medieval manuscripts on church history, and was one of the first scholars of the Old English language. He also studied the early law codes of England. His Old English dictionary, although not published during his lifetime, contributed greatly to the study of that language. Many of his manuscripts and papers eventually became part of the collections of Cambridge University, Oxford University, or the British Library.

Matthew Parker (author)

Matthew Parker (born 1970) is an English author of historical non-fiction.

Matthew Parker (cricketer)

Matthew Archibald Parker (born 2 March 1990) is a Scottish cricketer. Parker is a left-handed batsman who bowled right-arm medium-fast. Formerly a bowling all-rounder before a hip injury forced him to give up bowling, Parker made his senior debut for Scotland in 2009, with his international debut coming in 2010. In total he has made forty-four senior appearances for Scotland.

Matthew Parker (musician)

Matthew Henry Parker (born March 9, 1994) is an American Christian musician. He released an album, Meet Your Maker, independently, in 2013. His subsequent release, a studio album, Shadowlands, was released in 2014, by Drom Records. He also released a Bonus Tracks album online for free.

Matthew Parker won a Capital Kings remix contest for remixing a track by Capital Kings.After releasing several singles, his second studio album "Adventure" was released in October 2016 and featured artists such as Twilight Meadow and Rapture Ruckus. The album received positive response from fans when it was released.

Matthew Parker (priest)

The Ven. Matthew John Parker (born 1 June 1963, in Manchester) is a British clergyman who has served as Archdeacon of Stoke since 2013.

Nag's Head Fable

The Nag's Head Fable was a fiction which purported that Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury under Elizabeth I, was consecrated with a Bible pressed to his neck in the Nag's Head tavern in Cheapside. The story surfaced more than 40 years after Parker's consecration and was spread by some Roman Catholics as fact until the dawn of the 20th century.

Parker Library, Corpus Christi College

The Parker Library is the rare books and manuscripts library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. It is known throughout the world due to its invaluable collection of over 600 manuscripts, particularly medieval texts, the majority of which were bequeathed to the College by Archbishop of Canterbury Matthew Parker, a former Master of Corpus Christi College.

Parker Society

The Parker Society was a text publication society set up in 1841 to produce editions of the works of the early Protestant writers of the English Reformation. It was supported by both the High Church and evangelical wings of the Church of England, and was established in reaction against the Tractarian movement of the 1830s. Its Council was dominated by evangelicals, but not to the exclusion of other views.In response, a group of Tractarians founded the Library of Anglo-Catholic Theology.The Society took its name from Matthew Parker (1504–1575), Archbishop of Canterbury from 1559 to 1575, and a prominent collector of manuscripts. It published four or five volumes a year, to 1853.

Scott Parker

Scott Matthew Parker (born 13 October 1980) is an English professional football manager and former player who played as a midfielder in a 20-year career spanning from 1997 to 2017. He is the caretaker manager of Fulham.

Parker began his career at Charlton Athletic, and was loaned to Norwich City, before joining Chelsea for a £10 million fee in January 2004. He did not play regularly at Chelsea, and moved to Newcastle United the following year, where he was made captain. Parker joined West Ham United in 2007, and was the FWA Footballer of the Year for the 2010–11 season despite the club being relegated. He was then signed by Tottenham Hotspur and joined Fulham in 2013. He would play 119 league matches for Fulham in both the Premier League and the Championship, before retiring at the end of the 2016–17 season.

He has represented England at every level from under-16 to senior, making his full debut in 2003. Uniquely, he won his first four England caps while playing for four different clubs. Parker was a member of the England team which reached the quarter-finals at UEFA Euro 2012.

Scottish cricket team in the Netherlands in 2010

The Scottish cricket team toured the Netherlands on 15 June 2010. The tour consisted of a single One Day International (ODI) and an Intercontinental Cup game against the Netherlands.


Stoke-by-Clare is a small village and civil parish in Suffolk located in the valley of the River Stour, about two miles west of Clare.In 1124 Richard de Clare, 1st Earl of Hertford moved the Benedictine Priory that had been established at his castle in Clare to Stoke-by-Clare. The Priory, which was controlled by the monastery of Bec in Normandy, enjoyed by 1291 rents from 17 parishes in Suffolk. During the Hundred Years' War the Prior's revenues were in part diverted to the English crown and in 1415 the Priory was replaced by Stoke College, intended to support a small community of priests and choristers under the patronage of Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March., who was also buried here.

At the time of the English Reformation, the Dean of the College was Matthew Parker. Under his authority the College became a centre of the 'New Learning' and reforms brought him into conflict with the Priory at Clare. The college was suppressed in 1548 and the estate was purchased by John Cheke and Walter Mildmay. The reputed miser Sir Hervey Elwes lived here in the 18th century and was succeeded by his nephew John Elwes (politician) in 1763. Major-General Edward Loch, 2nd Baron Loch CB CMG MVO DSO, a senior British Army officer, is buried in the churchyard of St John the Baptist and there is memorial to him within the church.

Today Stoke-by-Clare has a population of 460. Its church, St John the Baptist, houses Matthew Parker's pulpit. There are also several unique wall paintings one of which is said to date to the reign of Mary I.

Stoke College is now an independent school for 5-18 year olds. The village formerly had a railway station on the Stour Valley Railway.

Thomas Stanley (bishop)

Thomas Stanley was a sixteenth-century, English Reformation-era Bishop of Sodor and Man.Allegedly the natural son of Sir Edward Stanley, of Hornby Castle, Lancashire, on account of his bastardy, he obtained leave from the Pope to hold his preferments, especially the rectory of Wigan. In 1513 he became rector of Badworth (Wigan), a post he held until 1549 and shortly after he was appointed rector of Barwick, he became prebendary (canon) of Thorngate from 1528 to 1530.

He was elevated to the bishopric of Sodor and Man in 1542. His diocese was removed from the province of Canterbury and united with that of York, and his opposition to this move led to his being deposed in 1545. After an interval of over a dozen years, he was restored to the bishopric in 1556 then subsequently confirmed as such and appointed as Governor of the Isle of Man by the Roman Catholic Mary I of England.During the time of his suspension from the bishopric he became, in 1552, rector of the valuable living of Winwick in Lancashire on the presentation of his cousin Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, and in 1557, Rector of North Meols (Wigan).

Notoriously absent, however, his neglect of his many responsibilities, was commented on in a letter written by James Pilkington, Bishop of Durham, to Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, in which he says, "The Bishop of Man, Thomas Stanley, liveth here at his ease as merry as Pope Joan." It would seem from this that to his other preferments he had added a canonry at Durham Cathedral. In fact, he was only imitating a number of the beneficed clergy of his time who absented themselves from their livings that they might be more free to enjoy themselves.

He appears to have died in office in 1568 but details of his death, or burial place, are unknown and his successor was not appointed until 1569.

Priestly ordination
Date15 June 1527
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorWilliam Barlow
Co-consecratorsJohn Hodgkins
John Scory
Myles Coverdale
Date17 December 1559
PlaceLambeth Palace Chapel
Liturgy and worship
Other topics
High Medieval
Late Medieval
Early modern
Late modern

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