Masuma Sultan Begum (daughter of Babur)

Masuma Sultan Begum (Persian: معصومہ سلطان بیگم‎; born c. 1508) was a Mughal princess and the daughter of the first Mughal emperor, Babur. She is frequently mentioned in the Humayun-nama by her sister, Gulbadan Begum, who calls her sister 'Elder sister Moon' (mah chacha).[1]

Masuma Sultan Begum
Bornc. 1508
Kabul
SpouseMuhammad Zaman Mirza
HouseTimurid
FatherBabur
MotherMasuma Sultan Begum

Early life

Masuma Sultan Begum was the daughter of Babur and his fourth wife, Masuma Sultan Begum.[2] She was born in Kabul, and her mother died giving birth to her. She was given her mother's name.[3] In 1511, Babur entrusted Kabul to his younger brother Nasir Mirza and set out for Samarkand.

Marriage

In 1517, when Masuma Sultan Begum was nine years old, Babur married her to twenty-one years old Muhammad Zaman Mirza.[4] He was the son of Badi' al-Zaman Mirza, and the grandson of Sultan Husayn Mirza Bayqara.[5] His mother was the daughter of Tahamtan Beg, and the niece of Asad Beg.[6] After Masuma Sultan Begum's marriage with him, Babur sent him to Balkh.[4]

She became a widow at the age of thirty-one when Muhammad Zaman Mirza died in the Battle of Chausa.[7]

Ancestry

Ancestors of Masuma Sultan Begum (daughter of Babur)
8. Abu Sa'id Mirza, Timurid Sultan
4. Umar Shaikh Mirza II, King of Ferghana
9. Shah Sultan Begum
2. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, Mughal Emperor
10. Yunus Khan, Khan of Moghulistan
5. Qutlugh Nigar Khanum
11. Aisan Daulat Begum
1. Masuma Sultan Begum
12. Abu Sa'id Mirza, Timurid Sultan (=8)
6. Ahmad Mirza, Sultan of Samarqand and Bukhara
13. Daughter of Aurdu Bugha Tarkhan
3. Masuma Sultan Begum
14. Brother of Sultan Husain Arghun
Habiba Sultan Begum

References

  1. ^ Begum, Gulbadan (1902). The History of Humayun (Humayun-Nama). Royal Asiatic Society. p. 115.
  2. ^ Bābur (Mogulreich, Kaiser), John Leyden, William Erskine (1826). Memoirs of Zehir-ed-Din Muhammed Baber, Emperor of Hindustan. Longman. pp. 22–3.
  3. ^ Pawar, Kiran (1996). Women in Indian History: Social, Economic, Political and Cultural Perspectives. Vision & Venture. p. 109.
  4. ^ a b Beveridge, Annette Susannah (1922). The Bābur-nāma in English (Memoirs of Babur) translated from the original Turki text of Zahiru'd-din Muhammad Bābur Pādshāh Ghāzī, Volume 1. LUZAC & CO., 46, Great Russel Street, London. p. 365.
  5. ^ Mishra, Neeru (1993). Succession and imperial leadership among the Mughals, 1526 - 1707. Konark Publishers. p. 76.
  6. ^ Babur, Emperor; Thackston, Wheeler McIntosh (September 10, 2002). The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, prince and emperor. Random House Publishing Group. p. 210. ISBN 978-0-375-76137-9.
  7. ^ Islam, Riazul (1979). A Calendar of Documents on Indo-Persian Relations, 1500 - 1700. Iranian Culture Foundation. p. 204.

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