Masia

A masia (Catalan pronunciation: [məˈzi.ə], plural masies; Aragonese: pardina) is a type of rural construction common to all the old Crown of Aragon: Catalonia, Valencian Community, Aragon, Languedoc and Provence (in the south of France). The estate in which the masia is located is called a mas.[1] They are often large but isolated structures, nearly always associated with a family farming or livestock operation.

Through the ages, the materials used to construct masies varied, often determined by their location. In mountainous areas, rough stone was often used, except for doorways, windows and arches, where stone was worked. During the Middle Ages, mud was used as mortar, though later on it was replaced by quicklime or cement. In places where stone was hard to come by, adobe was more common as a construction material.

For the most part, masies are oriented to the south. Constructions older than 16th century have an arched main entrance while those built after the 18th century usually have lintel entrances. Masies were typically constructed with wooden beams placed perpendicular to the facade and covered by tiles. In the Pyrenees and other mountainous areas, the roofing would often be made of slate.

They tended to be at least two-story buildings, with the ground floor reserved for farming tasks and even housing livestock, with the upper floor reserved for the family's living quarters. If there was a floor above that, it would often be used as a granary, or occasionally to house pigeons.

Occasionally, masies include an annexed private chapel.

In modern times, many masies have been converted into residential villas, restaurants, bed and breakfasts, or centers for rural tourism. Some house museums (i.e. Vil·la Joana, Jujol Centre - Can Negre) or have been restored and adapted for cultural uses.

Some early works of the Catalan painter Joan Miró depict his family's own masia as well as Catalan peasants.

Masia (Girona 2007)
A masia in Girona, Catalonia.

FC Barcelona

The FC Barcelona youth academy is called La Masia, so named because it was formerly located in an authentic 18th-century masia, called the 'Masia de Can Planes'. The masia is located adjacent to the Camp Nou, and was used to house young footballers from 1979 to 2011.

Images

Can Taxonera Arenys de Mar Catalonia

The Masia Can Taxonera in Arenys de Mar

Catalonia PremiàDeDalt Rectoria

The Rectory of Premià de Dalt, from around the 17th Century.

Mas fabregas del bosc-ametlladelvalles

The Mas Fabregas del Bosc in l'Ametlla del Vallès

Mas dorca

The Masia Mas Dorca in l'Ametlla del Vallès

Tejeria Olocau del Rey 57

Masia de la Teijería, in Olocau del Rey, Els Ports

Can pages vell-ametlladelvalles

The Mas Can Pages Vell in l'Ametlla del Vallès

Can Masdeu - Centro Social Ocupado con huertos

The Mas Can Masdeu, in Collserola on the outskirts of Barcelona

Masia de xàbia

A typical masia in Xàbia

Notes

  1. ^ "mas". Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana.

References

  • Various authors; Gran enciclopèdia catalana, Ed. Enciclopèdia catalana, Barcelona, ISBN 84-85194-81-0
  • Soldevila, Ferran et alt; Història de Catalunya, Selecta-Catalònia, Barcelona, 1989 ISBN 84-7667-045-1

See also

2010 FIFA Ballon d'Or

The 2010 FIFA Ballon d'Or Gala was the inaugural year for FIFA's awards for the top football players and coaches of the year. The gala is a continuation of the FIFA World Player Gala and a result of merging the FIFA Men's World Player of the Year award with the Ballon d'Or, previously presented by the French media to the top men's player in Europe. The awards ceremony took place on 10 January 2011 in Zürich, Switzerland. The three finalists for each category were announced on 6 December 2010.La Masia, the FC Barcelona academy, achieved a record breaking honor in becoming the first youth academy ever to have all three finalists for the Ballon d'Or in one same year, with Lionel Messi, Andrés Iniesta and Xavi.Messi won the award, his second consecutive Ballon d'Or victory.

Marta won the FIFA Women's World Player of the Year award, her fifth in a row.José Mourinho, Portuguese manager of Real Madrid and previously of Internazionale, was the first winner of the men's FIFA World Coach of the Year award in 2010. The women's version of the award was won by Germany head coach Silvia Neid.

2019 Argentine motorcycle Grand Prix

The 2019 Argentine motorcycle Grand Prix was the second round of the 2019 MotoGP season. It was held at the Autódromo Termas de Río Hondo in Santiago del Estero on 31 March 2019.

Ana Romero Masiá

Ana Romero Masiá (Santiago de Compostela, 4 January 1952) is a Galician historian, archaeologist, and academic.

Catí

Catí is a municipality in the comarca of Alt Maestrat, Castellón, Valencia, Spain.

The municipality of Catí limits with the following municipal terms: Ares del Maestre, Morella, Chert, Tírig, Salsadella, Sant Mateu and Albocàsser all of them located in the province of Castellón.

Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper

The Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper (Catalan pronunciation: [siwˈtat əspurˈtiβə ʒuˈaŋ ɡəmˈpe]) is the training ground and academy base of Spanish football club FC Barcelona. It was officially opened on 1 June 2006, and was named in honor of Joan Gamper, founder of the club.

Located in Sant Joan Despí and covering 136.839 m², it is used since 2006 for youth team training and matches and since January 2009 for the first team training. It is also used by many of the other sports teams at the club including Basketball, Handball and Futsal who use facilities such as the multi-sports pavilion. Now that this facility is fully operational, all the youth teams that previously used the Camp Nou facilities, mainly the Mini Estadi and the Palau Blaugrana, train there.

FC Barcelona's first team moved to this facility on 19 January 2009. This brought to an end a 30-year history that the first team had of training on the small pitch (known as the La Masia pitch) annexed to the Camp Nou. The first team facilities are the same as those at the Camp Nou and at the start of the 2009/2010 season it included a full pool and saunas for player recuperation.

By 2011 a new residence was opened on site, housing the FC Barcelona's youth players who previously boarded at La Masia. This will include living space for around 85 players.

The land occupied by the Ciutat Esportiva was purchased by the club in 1989 and is just 4.5 km away from the Camp Nou and is directly connected by the road between Barcelona and Sant Joan Despí.

The Ciutat Esportiva eventually cost 68 million euros, of which 25.6 corresponded to urbanization and 42.5 to the total construction costs. The club sold two plots of land, the first on 21 June 2002 and the second on 20 February 2003, for values of 29.7 and 15.9 million euros, respectively to cover part of the costs of the operation. The rest of the money was invested directly by the club, an amount of 22.5 million euros.

Cyanopepla masia

Cyanopepla masia is a moth of the subfamily Arctiinae. It was described by Paul Dognin in 1889. It is found in Ecuador.

FC Barcelona (youth)

Futbol Club Barcelona Juvenil are the under-19 team of Spanish professional football club Barcelona and the final stage of progression in the club's youth academy commonly referred to as La Masia. The Juvenil A team play in the Group III of the División de Honor Juvenil de Fútbol where their main rivals are Espanyol, Damm and Mallorca.

They also participate in the national Copa de Campeones Juvenil and the Copa del Rey Juvenil, qualification for which is dependent on final league group position, and have taken part in the continental UEFA Youth League which they won in 2014 and 2018.

FC Barcelona B

Futbol Club Barcelona B is a Spanish football team based in Barcelona, in the autonomous community of Catalonia.

Founded in 1970 as FC Barcelona Atlètic, it is the reserve team of FC Barcelona, and currently plays in Segunda División B, holding home matches at the Mini Estadi.

Reserve teams in Spain play in the same league system as the senior team, rather than in a reserve team league. They must play at least one level below their main side, and thus Barcelona B are ineligible for promotion to La Liga. They also cannot play in the Copa del Rey.

Fago

Fago is a town and municipality located in the province of Huesca, Aragon, Spain. Its Postal Code is 22729

On 13 January 2007, the mayor of Fago town, Miguel José Grima Masiá, was murdered.

Gioia Masia

Margherita Gioia Masia is an Italian football defender, currently playing for UPC Tavagnacco in Serie A. She has also played for SS Lazio, Torres CF and GS Roma.She has been a member of the Italian national team, debuting in 2000, and took part in the 2001 and 2005 European Championships.

Iris masia

Iris masia (commonly known as the 'Barbed iris') is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris and in the Syriacae. It is a rhizomatous perennial from the Middle East and Asian Turkey. It has long grass-like leaves, unbranched stems with single flowers in late spring, in shades from purple to violet blue.

Jaume Masiá

Jaume Masiá Vargas (born 31 October 2000) is a Spanish motorcycle rider.

Karaca Dağ

Karaca (Kurmanji: Qerejdax) is a shield volcano located in eastern Turkey.It was also known as 'Mount Masia'. Which in turn was used to give the title of an Iris found on the mountain, as Iris masia.On 6 March 2006 Der Spiegel reported that the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne had discovered that the genetically common ancestor of 68 contemporary types of cereal still grows as a wild plant on the slopes of Mount Karaca (Karacadag). The results strongly suggest that slopes of Karaca Dağ provided the site for the first domestication of einkorn wheat approximately 9,000 years ago.

La Masia

La Masia de Can Planes, usually shortened to La Masia (Catalan pronunciation: [lə məˈzi.ə]; English: "The Farmhouse"), is a term used for FC Barcelona's youth academy. The academy includes more than 300 young players. It has been a significant factor in Barcelona's European success, and has been praised since 2002 as the best in the world.

In 2010, La Masia became the first youth academy to have trained all three finalists for the Ballon d'Or in a single year - Andrés Iniesta, Lionel Messi and Xavi.La Masia is also the name of FC Barcelona's football training facilities, originally located near the Camp Nou in the Les Corts district of Barcelona. The original building itself was an ancient country residence (In Catalan: masia) built in 1702, and once Camp Nou was inaugurated in 1957, the building was remodelled and extended for use as the club's social headquarters. With the gradual expansion of the club, the building became too small for headquarters, and on 20 October 1979, La Masia was converted into a dormitory for young players from outside Barcelona. On 30 June 2011, the Masia building ceased housing the academy players. In a simple ceremony, the doors were closed and the Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper took over the function of the residential center for the players.

Mas (Provençal farmhouse)

A mas (Occitan: [ˈmas], Catalan: [ˈmas]) is a traditional farmhouse found in the Provence and Midi regions of France, as well as in Catalonia (Spain) where it is also named masia (in Catalan) or masía (in Spanish).A mas was a largely self-sufficient economic unit, which could produce its own fruit, vegetables, grain, milk, meat and even silkworms. It was constructed of local stone, with the kitchen and room for animals on the ground floor, and bedrooms, storage places for food and often a room for raising silkworms on the upper floor. Not every farmhouse in Provence is a mas. A mas was distinct from the other traditional kind of house in Provence, the bastide, which was the home of a wealthy family.

The mas of Provence and Catalonia always faces to the south to offer protection against the mistral wind coming from the north. And because of the mistral, there are no windows facing north, while on all the other sides, windows are narrow to protect against the heat of summer and the cold of winter. A mas is almost always rectangular, with two sloping roofs. The mas found in the mountains and in the Camargue sometimes has a more complex shape.

In Catalonia, the tenant of a mas is called a masover (pronounced [məzuˈβe]), as different from the real landowner.

Among the different kinds of mas in Provence, there are two characteristic types:

The mas of Luberon has the form of a long rectangle, or sometimes an L shape. A stairway, often in the centre, leads to a corridor on the upper floor, usually on the north side of the house, which opens onto the bedrooms. The upper floor also has space for storing forage for the animals and grain, and for the raising of silkworms. The room where the silkworms were raised (see sericulture) was called the magnanerie.

The mas of the Camargue is strongly influenced by the climate and the environment, and resembles a Spanish hacienda, with large spaces, white walls, an interior court and buildings in the form of a U for the residence and stables.

The size of a mas depended upon the wealth and number of its original occupants: from 150 square metres to over 1,000 square meters, including the barn and other structures. As the family grew larger the mas would be made longer to accommodate them. When a mas is small, and is occupied by a single family with a small area of land, it is called a mazet, or petit mas (alternatively, maset in Catalan).

The mas was always built of inexpensive local materials; stones or wood from the area. The walls of the mas along the River Durance were made from river stones; those of Gordes of limestone, and those of Roussillon (Rosselló in Catalan) and the rest of Catalonia of red stones and clay.

In recent years the traditional mas of Provence and Catalonia have become much sought after and transformed into expensive homes and vacation homes (résidences secondaires in France, or cases de turisme rural in Catalonia).

Masia One

Masia Lim, better known as Masia One (MAS1A) , is a Singaporean/Canadian rapper from Toronto, Ontario, Canada.She was born in Singapore and moved to Canada at a very young age. She grew up in Vancouver and eventually moved to Toronto, Ontario. She attended the University of Toronto and graduated with a degree in Architecture and Economics. In 2003, she began her own record label known as M1 Group (later renamed The Merdeka Group) and subsequently released her debut album, Mississauga. Her most famous songsare "Split Second Time", "Return of the B-Girl" and "Warriors Tongue". In 2003, Masia One became the first female rapper to be nominated for "Best Rap Video" in the MuchMusic Video Awards.Her second album, Pulau was released in fall 2008, in two volumes; Pulau: Chapter 1: Montreal in the Fall and Pulau: Chapter 2: The Islands. It features collaborations with Moe Masri, Isis, Lady E, DJ SARASA, Dylan Murray, Zaki Ibrahim, Junia T, Moka Only, Sikh Knowledge, Vybz Machine and more.

In 2012, she appeared on former Red Hot Chili Peppers guitarist John Frusciante's EP, Letur-Lefr. Masia One has also been featured on two ill.Gates songs, on his 18-track LP, The ill.Methodology, also released in 2012. Her third album Bootleg Culture 2014, was produced by Kops and Robbers, the production duo of Che Vicious (Aftermath, G.O.O.D. Music, Jay-Z, Eminem) and Travis von Cartier. The album included features from RZA (Wu Tang Clan) and notable Canadian artists Isis Salam, Graph Nobel. Warriors Tongue off this project was used by Bass Nectar in his song "Speaker Boxx" which became the trailer theme song for Fast and the Furious 8. Masia One spent years in Jamaica following the release of her third album and worked on a yet unreleased record at Bob Marley's Tuff Gong studios with Jamaican band Dubtonic Kru.

In 2015, Masia One moved back to the place of her birth Singapore and founded the Singapura Dub Club, the country's first Dub, Reggae and Dancehall events company. She spent the next year's touring Southeast Asia and connecting Reggae scenes from across this region to bring Jamaican inspired music to the forefront. Through Singapura Dub Club she has brought artists like Sister Nancy, Johnny Osbourne, General Levy, U-Brown, Papa Ugee, Cojie (Mighty Crown) and Tippa Irie to the Lion City.

Masia One is scheduled to release her 4th studio album Fall 2018 titled Far East Empress, featuring artists collaborations with Southeast Asian talents and executive produced by Richie Beretta. Her first single "Time Wastin" has been released with a video that features dance crew Ragga Waka and other influential Singaporean Women.

Plaça de Francesc Macià, Barcelona

Plaça de Francesc Macià (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈplasə ðə fɾənˈsɛzɡ məsiˈa]) is a square in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Located in one of the main business areas of the city, it is one of the most transited points of Barcelona. It is crossed by Avinguda Diagonal and several other major thoroughfares: Avinguda de Josep Tarradellas, Travessera de Gràcia, Carrer del Comte d'Urgell and Avinguda de Pau Casals. It is part of the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district, even though it borders two other districts of Barcelona: Les Corts and Eixample.

It is named after Francesc Macià (1859-1933), Catalan president during the Second Spanish Republic who proclaimed a short-lived Catalan Republic.

The central part of the square contains a pond modelled after the shape of Menorca, the birthplace of its architect, Nicolau Rubió i Tudurí, as well as feminine sculpture called Joventut ("youth") designed by Josep Manuel Benedicto, added in 1953.

Spanish-language newspaper La Vanguardia is based in Avinguda Diagonal 477, within square limits.

Siaha

Siaha (official name given by the Mara Autonomous District Council, popularly known as Saiha) is a census town in Siaha district in the Indian north-eastern state of Mizoram. It is the Headquarters of the Mara Autonomous District Council, one of the three autonomous district councils within Mizoram. It is located in the South Central part of the state. The word 'Siaha' in the local Mara language comes from 'Sia' for Masia which means elephant and 'ha' meaning tooth - An elephant tooth. It was a place where a large amount of elephant teeth were found. Though the local people name the town as Siaha, Mizos called it by the name 'Saiha', which is purely a translated term in Mizo language.

Siaha is a commercial hub for Mara people.

Vil·la Joana

Vil·la Joana is a masia located in Vallvidrera (Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district, Barcelona) in the middle of Collserola Natural Park. It is a two storey building with a watchtower and lateral galleries. One of its most distinctive elements is the clock on the main façade.Today, Vil·la Joana houses one of the branches of the Barcelona City History Museum (MUHBA), which updated the collection on display here in 2016. The museum deals with the history of the site, literature, and the Catalan poet Jacint Verdaguer, who died here in 1902.

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