Mashi language

Mashi (Kamaxi), or Kwandu, is a Bantu language of Zambia, Bukavu, Congo and Angola. It was assigned by Guthrie to Bantu group K.30, which Pfouts (2003) established as part of the Kavango–Southwest branch of Bantu.[4] Though not specifically addressed, Mashi may be in that family as well.

The people who speak Mashi are known as Bashi. They are the largest tribe in South Kivu, whose capital city is Bukavu.

The Bashi occupy a vast region known as Bushi. Like Ngweshe, Kabare, Katana, Luhuinja, Burhinyi, Kaziba, Nyengezi, and Idjui where the Bahavu who are also part of this group, Idjui is an island in Kivu lake between DRC and Rwanda.

Native toZambia, Angola and DRC Congo
Native speakers
22,000 (2000–2010)[1]
  • Mashi
  • North Kwandu
  • South Kwandu
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
mho – Mashi
xdo – Kwandu


  1. ^ Mashi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kwandu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mashi (Zambia)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ Nurse & Phillipson 2003
Naki language

Naki, or Munkaf, is an Eastern Beboid language of Cameroon and Nigeria. There is no name for the language; it is known by the villages it is spoken in, including Naki and Mekaf (Munkaf) in Cameroon and Bukwen and Mashi in Nigeria, the latter listed as separate languages by Ethnologue, though they are not distinct.


Takum is a Local Government Area in Taraba State, Nigeria. Its headquarters are in the town of Takum, it is created out of Wukari local government in 1975, at 7°16′00″N 9°59′00″E. Takum borders the Republic of Cameroon in the south, Ussa Local Government to the west, Donga Local government to the north, District within Takum are Abuja, kwambai, jenuwa, Rogo, Dutse, Kashimbila, Bete, Chanchanji, Bika.

The ethnic tribes in Takum are Jukun, kuteb, Chamba, Ichen, Hausa/Fulani, TivIt has an area of 2,503 km² and a population of 135,349 at the 2006 census.

The postal code of the area is 671.

Official language
National languages


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