Masami Fukushima (福島 正実 Fukushima Masami, February 18, 1929, Sakhalin - April 9, 1976) was a Japanese science fiction editor, author, critic, and translator. As the first chief editor of SF Magazine, he helped popularize science fiction in Japan and became known as the "Demon of SF". His real name is Masami Katō (加藤 正実 Katō Masami). He also used the pen name: Kyō Katō (加藤 喬 Katō Kyō).
Born in Toyohara, Karafuto (now Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Sakhalin), Fukushima was the son of a public official. His family moved to Manchuria after his father's transfer in 1934. In 1937 they moved to the mainland of Japan. Fukushima grew up in Yokohama.
He entered Nihon University in 1945 and transferred to Meiji University in 1950, where he majored in French literature. In 1954 he dropped out and began to study translation under Shunji Shimizu (清水俊二 Shimizu Shunji) and writing children's literature under Tatsuzo Nasu (那須辰造 Nasu Tatsuzō).
In 1956, Fukushima was invited to join Hayakawa Publishing Corporation (早川書房). The following year, he initiated the Hayakawa SF series and in 1959 founded SF Magazine and served as chief editor until he left the company in 1969. Hayakawa World SF Complete Collection was also planned by Fukushima.
He aimed to make SF more highbrow, and initially rejected space opera. To avoid being considered "childish literature", Fukushima adopted exclusively the paintings of Seikan Nakajima for the covers of SF Magazine and Hayakawa SF series. (see covers)
Fukushima died in 1976, aged 47. There is a prize for Juvenile SF in his memory.
Fukushima (written: 福島) is a Japanese surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Chisato Fukushima (福島 千里, born 1988), Japanese sprinter
Keido Fukushima, Japanese Rinzai Zen Master and abbot of Tōfuku-ji in Kyoto
Koji Fukushima, Japanese professional cyclist
Kazuo Fukushima, Japanese composer
Kunihiko Fukushima, inventor of the Neocognitron
Masami Fukushima, Japanese science fiction editor, translator and writer.
Fukushima Masanori, daimyō and lord of the Hiroshima during the Sengoku period
Haruka Fukushima, shōjo manga artist
Kikujiro Fukushima, Japanese photojournalist
Mizuho Fukushima, Japanese politician, chairperson of Social Democratic Party
Rila Fukushima, Japanese actress and model.
Satoshi Fukushima, actor
Shigeo Fukushima (born 1943), Japanese swimmer
Shinichi Fukushima, Japanese professional cyclist
Tadashi Fukushima, Japanese long-distance runner
Takanori Fukushima (福島 孝徳, born 1942), Japanese neurosurgeon
Fukushima Yasumasa, Japanese military leader
Yumiko Fukushima, former Japanese announcer, wife of Ichiro Suzuki
Yuki Fukushima (福島 由紀, born 1993), Japanese badminton playerGodzilla vs. Mechagodzilla
Godzilla vs. Mechagodzilla (ゴジラ対メカゴジラ, Gojira Tai Mekagojira) is a 1974 Japanese science fiction kaiju film featuring Godzilla, produced and distributed by Toho. The film is directed by Jun Fukuda, with special effects by Teruyoshi Nakano and stars Masaaki Daimon, Kazuya Aoyama, Gorō Mutsumi, and Akihiko Hirata, with Isao Zushi as Godzilla, Kazunari Mori as Mechagodzilla, and Satoru Kuzumi as Anguirus and King Caesar. It is the 14th film of the Godzilla franchise and Shōwa series.
The film was released in Japan on March 21, 1974 and received a very limited theatrical release in the United States in early 1977 by Cinema Shares as Godzilla vs. The Bionic Monster. Early in its release, the film's title was changed to Godzilla vs. The Cosmic Monster.Japanese science fiction
Science fiction is an important subgenre of modern Japanese literature that has strongly influenced aspects of contemporary Japanese pop culture, including anime, manga, video games, tokusatsu, and cinema.List of series run in Shōnen Book
This list contains all of the series that have run in the monthly Shōnen manga magazine, Shōnen Book (少年ブック, Shōnen Bukku, lit. "Boy Book"). Shōnen Book was known for featuring many popular manga by many popular manga artists. Some found their way into the US in the 1970s, although the magazine remains little known there.
Manga titles with a shade of light green appeared in the last issue.Matango
Matango (マタンゴ) is a 1963 Japanese horror film directed by Ishirō Honda. The film stars Akira Kubo, Kumi Mizuno and Kenji Sahara. It is partially based on William H. Hodgson's short story "The Voice in the Night" and is about a group of castaways on an island who are unwittingly altered by a local species of mutagenic mushrooms.
Matango was different from Honda's other films of the period as it explored darker themes and featured a more desolate look. Upon the film's release in Japan, it was nearly banned due to scenes that depicted characters resembling victims of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The film was released theatrically in the United Kingdom and directly to television in the United States in shortened forms. Retrospective reviews generally commented on how the film varied from Honda's other work, with its darker tone.S-F Magazine
S-F Magazine (S-Fマガジン, Esu-Efu Magajin) is a science fiction magazine published by Hayakawa Shobō in Japan. It was Japan’s first successful science fiction prozine.Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan
Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan, or SFWJ (Japanese official name: 日本SF作家クラブ, Nihon SF Sakka Club) is an organization of SF-related people, professional or semi-professional. It was formerly a friendship organization, but it is a general incorporated association since August 24, 2017.Shunji Shimizu
Shunji Shimizu (清水俊二 Shimizu Shunji?), (1906-1988), is a well-known Japanese subtitler and translator, referred to by one scholar as 'practically a household name in Japan'. He translated popular authors including Erskine Caldwell and Agatha Christie. He had a long working relationship with the Hollywood studio Paramount Pictures. He was a mentor to the eminent subtitler Natsuko Toda.Taku Mayumura
Taku Mayumura (眉村 卓 Mayumura Taku, 20 October 1934 - ) is a Japanese novelist, science fiction writer, haiku poet. He won the Seiun Award for Novel twice. In 2004 his Shiseikan (司政官, Administrator, one story of the "Shiseikan series"), written in 1974, was translated into English.. Mayumura is also a young adult fiction writer whose works have been adapted into TV drama, film, and anime. Mayumura is a honorary member of the SFWA (Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan).