Mary Poppins (film)

Mary Poppins is a 1964 American musical fantasy film directed by Robert Stevenson and produced by Walt Disney, with songs written and composed by the Sherman Brothers. The screenplay is by Bill Walsh and Don DaGradi, based on P. L. Travers's book series Mary Poppins. The film, which combines live-action and animation, stars Julie Andrews in her feature film debut as Mary Poppins, who visits a dysfunctional family in London and employs her unique brand of lifestyle to improve the family's dynamic. Dick Van Dyke, David Tomlinson, and Glynis Johns are featured in supporting roles. The film was shot entirely at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California using painted London background scenes.[4]

Mary Poppins was released on August 27, 1964, to critical acclaim. It received a total of 13 Academy Awards nominations, including Best Picture – a record for any other film released by Walt Disney Studios – and won five: Best Actress for Andrews, Best Film Editing, Best Original Music Score, Best Visual Effects, and Best Original Song for "Chim Chim Cher-ee". In 2013, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".[5] Mary Poppins is considered Walt Disney's crowning live-action achievement, and is the only one of his films which earned a Best Picture nomination during his lifetime.[4]

A sequel, Mary Poppins Returns, was released in 2018, making it one of the longest gaps between film sequels in cinematic history at 54 years.[6][7]

Mary Poppins
Marypoppins
Theatrical release poster
Directed byRobert Stevenson
Produced byWalt Disney
Screenplay by
Based onMary Poppins
by P. L. Travers
Starring
Music by
CinematographyEdward Colman
Edited byCotton Warburton
Production
company
Distributed byBuena Vista Distribution
Release date
  • August 27, 1964
Running time
139 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$4.4–6 million[2]
Box office$102.3 million[3]

Plot

In Edwardian London, 1910, Bert entertains a crowd as a one-man band when he senses a change in the wind. Afterwards, he directly addresses the audience, and gives them a tour of Cherry Tree Lane, stopping outside the Banks family's home. George Banks returns home to learn from his wife, Winifred, that Katie Nanna has left their service after Jane and Michael ran away again. They are returned shortly after by Constable Jones, who reveals the children were chasing a lost kite. The children ask their father to help build a better kite, but he dismisses them. Taking it upon himself to hire a new nanny, Mr. Banks advertises for a stern, no-nonsense nanny. Instead, Jane and Michael present their own advertisement for a kinder, sweeter nanny. Mr. Banks rips up the letter, and throws the scraps in the fireplace, but the remains of the advertisement magically float up, and out into the air.

The next day, a number of elderly, sour-faced nannies wait outside the Banks' home, but a strong gust of wind blows them away, and Jane and Michael witness a young nanny descending from the sky using her umbrella. Presenting herself to Mr. Banks, Mary Poppins calmly produces the children's restored advertisement, and agrees with its requests, but promises the astonished banker she will be firm with his children. As Mr. Banks puzzles over the advertisement's return, Mary Poppins hires herself, and convinces him it was originally his idea. She meets the children, then helps them tidy their nursery through song, before heading out for a walk in the park.

Outside, they meet Bert, working as a screever; Mary Poppins uses her magic to transport the group into one of his drawings. While the children ride on a carousel, Mary Poppins and Bert go on a leisurely stroll. Mary Poppins later enchants the carousel horses, and participates in a horse race, which she wins. While being asked to describe her victory, Mary Poppins announces the nonsense word "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious". However, the outing is ruined when a thunderstorm dissolves Bert's drawings, returning the group to London.

On another outing, the four meet Uncle Albert, who has floated up in the air due to his uncontrollable laughter; they join him for a tea party on the ceiling, telling jokes.

Mr. Banks becomes annoyed by the household's cheery atmosphere, and threatens to fire Mary Poppins. Instead, Mary Poppins inverts his attempt by convincing him to take the children to the bank for a day. Mr. Banks takes Jane and Michael to the bank, where they meet Mr. Dawes Sr, and his son. Mr. Dawes aggressively attempts to have Michael invest his tuppence in the bank, snatching it from him. Michael demands it back, causing other customers to misinterpret, and all demand their own money back, causing a bank run.

Jane and Michael flee the bank, getting lost in the East End until they run into Bert, now working as a chimney sweep, who escorts them home. The three and Mary Poppins venture onto the rooftops, where they have a song-and-dance number with other chimney sweeps, which spills out into the Banks' home. An incensed Mr. Banks returns, and receives a phone call from his employers. He speaks with Bert, who tells him he should spend more time with his children before they grow up. Jane and Michael give their father Michael's tuppence in the hope to make amends.

Mr. Banks walks through London to the bank, where he is given a humiliating cashiering, and is dismissed. Looking to the tuppence for words, he blurts out "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious!", tells one of Uncle Albert's jokes, and happily heads home. Dawes mulls over the joke, but finally "gets" it, and floats up into the air, laughing.

The next day, the wind changes, meaning Mary Poppins must leave. A happier Mr. Banks is found at home, having fixed his children's kite, and takes the family out to fly it. In the park, the Bankses meet Mr. Dawes Jr, who reveals his father died laughing from the joke, and re-employs Mr. Banks as a junior partner. With her work done, Mary Poppins flies away, with Bert bidding her farewell, telling her not to stay away too long.

Cast

Mary Poppins5
Julie Andrews as Mary Poppins
Mary Poppins11
Karen Dotrice and Matthew Garber as Jane and Michael Banks
Mary Poppins4
David Tomlinson as Mr. Banks
Mary Poppins12
Hermione Baddeley and Reta Shaw as Ellen and Mrs. Brill
  • Julie Andrews as Mary Poppins, a magical and loving woman who descends from the clouds in response to the Banks children's advertisement for a nanny. She is firm in her use of authority but gentle and kind as well, a major departure from the original books, in which the character was strict and pompous.[8]
  • Dick Van Dyke as Bert, a cockney jack-of-all-trades and Mary Poppins's closest friend, who is completely accustomed to her magic. Their playful interactions imply that they have known each other for a long time and that this kind of story has repeated itself many times. Bert has at least four jobs throughout the film: a one-man band, a pavement chalk artist, a chimney sweep, and a kite seller.
    • Van Dyke also portrays Mr. Dawes Sr., the old director of the bank where Mr. Banks works. During the film's end titles, "Navckid Keyd", an anagram of Dick Van Dyke, is first credited as playing the role before the letters unscramble to reveal Van Dyke's name.
  • David Tomlinson as George Banks, Mary Poppins' employer and father of Jane and Michael. He works at the Dawes Tomes Mousley Grubbs Fidelity Fiduciary Bank in London. He is a driven and disciplined man.
  • Glynis Johns as Winifred Banks, the easily distracted wife of George Banks and the mother of Jane and Michael. She is depicted as a member of Emmeline Pankhurst's "Votes for Women" suffragette movement. Mrs. Banks was originally named Cynthia, but this was changed to the more English-sounding Winifred per Travers.[9]
  • Hermione Baddeley as Ellen, the maid of the Banks residence.
  • Karen Dotrice as Jane Banks
  • Matthew Garber as Michael Banks
  • Elsa Lanchester as Katie Nanna, the disgruntled nanny who quits the Banks family.
  • Arthur Treacher as Constable Jones, a police officer.
  • Reginald Owen as Admiral Boom, the Banks' eccentric neighbor and a naval officer. He has his first mate, Mr. Binnacle, fire a cannon from his roof every 8 a.m. and 6 p.m.
  • Ed Wynn as Uncle Albert, a jolly gentleman who suffers from an unknown condition where he floats in the air during fits of uncontrollable laughter. Although he likes having company over, he becomes very sad and cries when his guests have to leave (he falls back to the ground, since it is the inversion of laughing).
  • Reta Shaw as Mrs. Brill, the cook of the Banks residence.
  • Don Barclay as Mr. Binnacle, Admiral Boom's first mate.
  • Marjorie Bennett as Miss Lark, owner of the dog named Andrew, who frequently runs away.
  • Arthur Malet as Mr. Dawes Jr., the director's son and member of the board.
  • Jane Darwell as the "Bird Woman", an old woman who sells breadcrumbs for the pigeons on the steps of St Paul's Cathedral.
  • Marjorie Eaton as Miss Persimmon
  • James Logan as a doorman who chases after the children in the bank.
  • Alma Lawton as Mrs. Corry, an old shopkeeper of a gingerbread shop and mother of two daughters.
  • Betty Lou Gerson as Old Crone (uncredited)
  • Kay E. Kuter as Man in Bank (uncredited)
  • Doris Lloyd as Depositor (uncredited)
  • Queenie Leonard as Depositor (uncredited)

Voices

Production

Development

The first novel in the Mary Poppins series was the film's main basis. According to the 40th Anniversary DVD release of the film in 2004, Disney's daughters fell in love with the Mary Poppins books and made him promise to make a film based on them. Disney first attempted to purchase the film rights to Mary Poppins from P. L. Travers as early as 1938 but was rebuffed because Travers did not believe a film version of her books would do justice to her creation. In addition, Disney was known at the time primarily as a producer of cartoons and had yet to produce any major live-action work. For more than 20 years, Disney periodically made efforts to convince Travers to allow him to make a Poppins film. He finally succeeded in 1961, although Travers demanded and got script approval rights. The Sherman Brothers composed the music score and were also involved in the film's development, suggesting the setting be changed from the 1930s to the Edwardian era. Pre-production and song composition took about two years.

Pre-production

Travers was an adviser to the production. However, she disapproved of the dilution of the harsher aspects of Mary Poppins' character, felt ambivalent about the music, and so hated the use of animation that she ruled out any further adaptations of the later Mary Poppins novels.[11] She objected to a number of elements that actually made it into the film. Rather than original songs, she wanted the soundtrack to feature known standards of the Edwardian period in which the story is set. Disney overruled her, citing contract stipulations that he had final say on the finished print. Much of the Travers–Disney correspondence is part of the Travers collection of papers in the Mitchell Library of New South Wales, Australia. The relationship between Travers and Disney is detailed in Mary Poppins She Wrote, a biography of Travers, by Valerie Lawson. The biography is the basis for two documentaries on Travers, The Real Mary Poppins, and Lisa Matthews' The Shadow of Mary Poppins.[12][13][14] Their relationship during the development of the film was also dramatized in the 2013 Disney film Saving Mr. Banks.

Casting

Julie Andrews, who was making her feature film acting debut after a successful stage career, got the prime role of Mary Poppins soon after she was passed over by Jack L. Warner and replaced with Audrey Hepburn for the role of Eliza Doolittle in his screen adaptation of My Fair Lady, even though Andrews had originated the role on Broadway.[15] When Disney first approached Andrews about taking on the role, Andrews was three months pregnant and therefore was not sure she should take it. Disney assured her that the crew would be fine with waiting to begin filming until after she had given birth so that she could play the part.[16] Disney considered the actor Stanley Holloway for the role of Admiral Boom, during the pre-production stage, but the role went to Reginald Owen, instead.[17] Andrews also provided the voice in two other sections of the film: during "A Spoonful of Sugar," she provided the whistling harmony for the robin, and she was also one of the Pearly singers during "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious." David Tomlinson, besides playing Mr. Banks, provided the voice of Mary's talking umbrella and numerous other voice-over parts (including that of Admiral Boom's first mate). During the "Jolly Holiday" sequence, the three singing Cockney geese were all voiced by Marni Nixon, a regular aural substitute for actresses with substandard singing voices. Nixon would later provide the singing voice for Hepburn in My Fair Lady and play one of Andrews' fellow nuns in The Sound of Music. Andrews later beat Hepburn for the Best Actress Award at the Golden Globes for their respective roles. Andrews would also win the Oscar for Best Actress for her role. Hepburn did not receive a nomination. Richard Sherman, one of the songwriters, also voiced a penguin as well as one of the Pearlies.[18] Robert Sherman dubbed the speaking voice for Jane Darwell because Darwell's voice was too weak to be heard in the soundtrack. Sherman's voice is heard saying the only line: "Feed the Birds, Tuppence a bag."[19]

Disney cast Dick Van Dyke in the key supporting role of Bert after seeing his work on The Dick Van Dyke Show. After winning the role of Bert, Van Dyke lobbied to also play the senior Mr. Dawes, but Disney originally felt he was too young for the part. Van Dyke eventually won Disney over after a screen test.[20] Although he is fondly remembered for this film, Van Dyke's attempt at a Cockney accent is regarded as one of the worst film accents in history, cited as an example by actors since as something that they wish to avoid.[21] In a 2003 poll by Empire magazine of the worst film accents of all time, he came second.[22] Van Dyke claims that his accent coach was the English (of Irish extraction) J. Pat O'Malley, who "didn't do an accent any better than I did".[23] In 2017, Van Dyke was selected to receive an award for television excellence from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), at which time he said "I appreciate this opportunity to apologise to the members of BAFTA for inflicting on them the most atrocious cockney accent in the history of cinema." A chief executive of BAFTA responded, "We look forward to his acceptance speech in whatever accent he chooses on the night. We have no doubt it will be supercalifragilisticexpialidocious."[24]

Filming

Filming took place between May and September 1963, with post-production and animation taking another 11 months.[25]

The film changed the book's storyline in a number of places. For example, Mary, when approaching the house, controlled the wind rather than the other way around. As another example, the father, rather than the mother, interviewed Mary for the nanny position. A number of other changes were necessary to condense the story into feature length. In the film, there are only two Banks children, Jane and Michael. The satirical and mysterious aspects of the original book gave way to a cheerful and "Disney-fied" tone. Mary Poppins' character as portrayed by Andrews in the film is somewhat less vain and more sympathetic towards the children compared to the rather cold and intimidating nanny of the original book. Bert, as played by Van Dyke, was a composite of several characters from Travers' stories. Travers demanded that any suggestions of romance between Mary and Bert be eliminated, so lyrics were written for "Jolly Holiday" that clearly indicated that their friendship was purely platonic; some subtle hints of romance, however, did remain in the finished film.

Music

The film's music features music and lyrics by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman. The Shermans took inspiration from Edwardian British music hall music.[26] Irwin Kostal adapted and conducted the film's score. Buena Vista Records released the original motion picture soundtrack in 1964 on LP and reel-to-reel tape.[27]

Deleted songs

A number of other songs were written for the film by the Sherman Brothers and either rejected or cut for time. Richard Sherman, on the 2004 DVD release, indicated that more than 30 songs were written at various stages of the film's development. No cast recordings of any of these songs have been released to the public, only demos or later performances done by the songwriters — with the exception of the rooftop reprise of "Chim Chim Cher-ee" and the "smoke staircase yodel" mentioned below.

  1. "The Chimpanzoo", was originally to follow "I Love to Laugh" during the Uncle Albert "ceiling tea party" sequence, but it was dropped from the soundtrack just before Julie Andrews and company were to record it. The fast-paced number was not unveiled to the public until Richard Sherman, aided by recently uncovered storyboards, performed it on the 2004 DVD edition. The re-creation suggests it was to have been another sequence combining animation and live action.
  2. "Practically Perfect" was intended to introduce Mary but instead the melody of the piece was used for "Sister Suffragette" (used to introduce Mrs. Banks). A different song with the same name was written for the stage musical.
  3. "The Eyes of Love", a romantic ballad intended for Bert and Mary, but according to Richard Sherman, Andrews suggested privately to Disney that this song was unsuitable. In response, "A Spoonful of Sugar" was written.
  4. "Mary Poppins Melody" was to be performed when Mary introduces herself to the children. Elements of the song later became part of "Stay Awake". The melody was the basis for a couple of other songs that were ultimately cut from the film.
  5. "A Name's a Name". Heard on a recording taken of a meeting between the Sherman Brothers and Travers, this song was originally intended for the nursery scene that later became "A Spoonful of Sugar". The melody was reused for "Mary Poppins Melody".
  6. "You Think, You Blink" was a short piece that Bert was to sing just before entering the chalk painting (and starting the "Jolly Holiday" sequence). In the film, Dick Van Dyke simply recites the lyric instead of singing it.
  7. "West Wind" was a short ballad to be sung by Mary. The song was later retitled "Mon Amour Perdu" and used in the later Disney film, Big Red.
  8. "The Right Side" was to be sung by Mary to Michael after he gets out of bed cranky. It was recycled for the Disney Channel television series Welcome to Pooh Corner as Winnie the Pooh's personal theme song.
  9. "Measure Up" was to accompany the scene in which Mary takes the tape measure to Jane and Michael.
  10. "Admiral Boom" was to be the theme song for the cannon-firing neighbor of the Banks Residence, but it was cut by Walt Disney as being unnecessary. The melody of the song remains in the film, and the bombastic theme is heard whenever Boom appears onscreen. One line from this song ("The whole world takes its time from Greenwich, but Greenwich, they say, takes its time from Admiral Boom!") is spoken by Bert early in the film.
  11. "Sticks, Paper and Strings" was an early version of "Let's Go Fly a Kite."
  12. "Lead the Righteous Life", an intentionally poorly written hymn, was to have been sung by Katie Nanna (Elsa Lanchester) along with Jane and Michael prior to Mary Poppins' arrival. The melody was later reused for a similar song in The Happiest Millionaire
  13. "The Pearly Song" was not deleted per se but was instead incorporated into "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious".

The Compass Sequence, a precursor to "Jolly Holiday", was to be a multiple-song sequence. A number of possible musical components have been identified:

  1. "South Sea Island Symphony"
  2. "Chinese Festival Song"
  3. "Tim-Buc-Too" – elements of this were reused for "The Chimpanzoo" which was also cut
  4. "Tiki Town" – the melody was reused for "The Chimpanzoo"
  5. "North Pole Polka"
  6. "Land of Sand" – later rewritten as "Trust in Me" for the animated version of The Jungle Book
  7. "The Beautiful Briny" – later used in Bedknobs and Broomsticks
  8. "East is East" – another variation on the unused "Mary Poppins Melody".

Deleted scores and music

  • The "Step in Time" sequence ends with the chimney sweeps being scattered by an onslaught of fireworks fired from Admiral Boom's house. In the final film, the scene plays out with sound effects and no music. The DVD release included the original version of the scene which was accompanied by a complex instrumental musical arrangement that combined "Step in Time", the "Admiral Boom" melody (see above), and "A Spoonful of Sugar". This musical arrangement can be heard on the film's original soundtrack.
  • Andrews recorded a brief reprise of "Chim Chim Cher-ee" which was to have accompanied Mary, Bert, and the children as they marched across the rooftops of London (an instrumental reprise of "A Spoonful of Sugar" was used as a march instead; however, Andrews and Dick Van Dyke can still be seen and heard singing a reprise of "Chim Chim Cher-ee" in that sequence, just before the other chimney sweeps appear for the "Step in Time" number).
  • The robin Mary Poppins whistles with in "A Spoonful of Sugar" originally sang a lyric as well.
  • Andrews also recorded a brief yodel which breaks into the first line of "A Spoonful of Sugar" which was to have been used to "activate" the smoke staircase prior to the "Step in Time" number. Although cut from the film, footage of Andrews performing this exists and was included on the 2004 DVD. The DVD also indicates that an alternate version of the yodel performed by Dick Van Dyke may also exist.

Release

Mary Poppins premiered on August 27, 1964, at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Los Angeles.[25][28] Travers was not extended an invitation to the event, but managed to obtain one from a Disney executive. It was at the after-party that Richard Sherman recalled her walking up to Disney and loudly announcing that the animated sequence had to go. Disney responded, "Pamela, the ship has sailed," and walked away.[14]

Home media

Mary Poppins was first released in late 1980 on VHS, Betamax, CED and LaserDisc. On October 28, 1994, August 26, 1997, and March 31, 1998, it was re-released three times as part of the Walt Disney Masterpiece Collection. In 1998, this film became Disney's first DVD. On July 4, 2000, it was released on VHS and DVD as part of the Gold Classic Collection. On December 14, 2004, it had a 2-Disc DVD release in a Digitally Restored 40th Anniversary Edition as well as its final issue in the VHS Format. The film's audio track featured an "Enhanced Home Theater Mix" consisting of replaced sound effects (to make the soundtrack more "modern") and improved fidelity and mixing and some enhanced music (this version was also shown on 2006–2012 ABC Family airings of the movie), though the DVD also included the original soundtrack as an audio option. On January 27, 2009, the film was released on DVD again as a 45th anniversary edition, with more language tracks and special features (though the film's "Enhanced Home Theater Mix" was not included.) Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released the film on Blu-ray as the 50th Anniversary Edition on December 10, 2013.[29]

Reception

Critical reception

The film received universal acclaim from film critics.[30] Film review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports a 100% approval rating, based on 46 reviews with an average rating of 8.3/10. The site's consensus reads, "A lavish modern fairy tale celebrated for its amazing special effects, catchy songs, and Julie Andrews's legendary performance in the title role."[31] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 88 out of 100 based on 13 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[32]

Variety praised the film's musical sequences and the performances of Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke, in particular.[33] Time lauded the film, stating, "The sets are luxuriant, the songs lilting, the scenario witty but impeccably sentimental, and the supporting cast only a pinfeather short of perfection."[34]

Critic Drew Casper summarized the impact of Mary Poppins in 2011:

Disney was the leader, his musical fantasies mixing animation and truly marvelous f/x with real-life action for children and the child in the adult. Mary Poppins (1964) was his plum. ... the story was elemental, even trite. But utmost sophistication (the chimney pot sequence crisply cut by Oscared "Cotton" Warburton) and high-level invention (a tea party on the ceiling, a staircase of black smoke to the city's top) characterized its handling.[35]

Box office

The film earned $31 million in North American rentals during its initial run.[36] The film was re-released theatrically in 1973, in honor of Walt Disney Productions' 50th anniversary, and earned an estimated additional $9 million in North American rentals.[37] It was released once more in 1980 and grossed $14 million.[38] It returned a total lifetime rental of $45 million[39] to Disney from a gross of over $102 million from its North American theatrical releases.[3]

The film was the twentieth most popular sound film of the twentieth century in the UK with admissions of 14 million.[40]

The film was very profitable for Disney. Made on an estimated budget of $4.4–6 million,[2][41][42] it was reported by Cobbett Steinberg to be the most profitable film of 1965, earning a net profit of $28.5 million.[30][43] Walt Disney used his huge profits from the film to purchase land in central Florida and finance the construction of Walt Disney World.[44]

Accolades

Awards
Award Date of ceremony Category Recipients and nominees Result
Academy Awards[45] April 5, 1965 Best Picture Walt Disney and Bill Walsh Nominated
Best Director Robert Stevenson
Best Actress in a Leading Role Julie Andrews Won
Best Adapted Screenplay Don DaGradi and Bill Walsh Nominated
Best Cinematography, Color Edward Colman
Best Art Direction, Color Carroll Clark, William H. Tuntke, Emile Kuri and Hal Gausman
Best Costume Design, Color Tony Walton
Best Sound Robert O. Cook
Best Film Editing Cotton Warburton Won
Best Visual Effects Peter Ellenshaw, Eustace Lycett and Hamilton Luske
Best Original Song "Chim Chim Cher-ee" – Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman
Best Score Richard M. Sherman, Robert B. Sherman
Best Adaptation or Treatment Score Irwin Kostal Nominated
Golden Globe Awards[46] February 8, 1965 Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Robert Stevenson, Walt Disney and Bill Walsh
Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role – Musical or Comedy Dick Van Dyke
Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role – Musical or Comedy Julie Andrews Won
Best Original Score Richard M. Sherman, Robert B. Sherman Nominated
Grammy Awards[47] April 13, 1965 Best Recording for Children Richard M. Sherman, Robert B. Sherman, Julie Andrews, Dick Van Dyke, Glynis Johns, David Tomlinson, Ed Wynn Won
Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Show Richard M. Sherman, Robert B. Sherman
New York Film Critics Circle[48] January 23, 1965 Best Actress Julie Andrews Nominated
Directors Guild of America Award[49] Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Robert Stevenson
Writers Guild of America Award[50] Best Written American Musical Don DaGradi and Bill Walsh Won

Legacy

Julie Andrews and Dick van Dyke (Julie and Dick in Convent Garden) 1974 ABC TV Photograph
Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke were reteamed in the TV-movie Julie and Dick at Covent Garden (1974), directed by Julie's husband Blake Edwards

Mary Poppins is widely considered to be Walt Disney's "crowning achievement".[51] It was the only film of Disney's to garner a Best Picture nomination at the Oscars in his lifetime.[52]

The film also inspired the eighth season episode of The Simpsons entitled "Simpsoncalifragilisticexpiala(Annoyed Grunt)cious", featuring a parody of Mary called "Shary Bobbins" who helps out the Simpson family after Marge loses her hair due to stress, and spoofs of the songs "The Perfect Nanny", "A Spoonful of Sugar", "Feed the Birds" and "The Life I Lead".

Never at ease with the handling of her property by Disney or the way she felt she had been treated, Travers would never again agree to another Poppins/Disney adaptation. So fervent was Travers' dislike of the Disney adaptation and of the way she felt she had been treated during the production, that when producer Cameron Mackintosh approached her about the stage musical in the 1990s, she acquiesced on the condition that he used only English-born writers and no one from the film production were to be directly involved with creating the stage musical.[53]

American Film Institute

Sequel

In December 2018, Walt Disney Pictures released the film Mary Poppins Returns. The film takes place 20 years after Mary Poppins, and features a standalone narrative based on the remaining seven books in the series. Rob Marshall directed, while John DeLuca and Marc Platt served as producers, with Emily Blunt starring as Poppins, and Dick Van Dyke returning in a cameo to portray Mr. Dawes Jr.. Karen Dotrice also appeared in a cameo role.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mary Poppins (U)". British Board of Film Classification. October 9, 1964. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Michael Coate. "Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious: Remembering "Mary Poppins" on its 50th Anniversary". thedigitalbits.com.
  3. ^ a b "Mary Poppins (1964) – Release Summary – Box Office Mojo". boxofficemojo.com.
  4. ^ a b "Walt Disney-American Experience". Produced by PBS.
  5. ^ "Library of Congress announces 2013 National Film Registry selections" (Press release). Washington Post. December 18, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
  6. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (10 July 2018). "'Indiana Jones 5' Shifts To 2021, 'Mary Poppins Returns' Moves Up A Week & More Disney Release-Date Moves". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  7. ^ "Why Julie Andrews won't be starring in Mary Poppins movie". Birmingham Mail. March 4, 2018.
  8. ^ Grilli 2013, p. back cover.
  9. ^ "When Mary was my top of the Poppins". Mail Online.
  10. ^ Jim Korkis (August 14, 2013). "Mary Poppins Fun Facts". mouseplanet.com.
  11. ^ Newman, Melinda (November 7, 2013). "'Poppins' Author a Pill No Spoonful of Sugar Could Sweeten". Variety. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
  12. ^ Nance, Kevin (December 20, 2013). "Valerie Lawson talks 'Mary Poppins, She Wrote' and P.L Travers". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  13. ^ "Shadow of Mary Poppins". Shop for a Film. Ronin Films. 2003. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  14. ^ a b Flanagan, Caitlin (December 19, 2005). "Becoming Mary Poppins". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  15. ^ "Julie Andrews", Broadway, The American Musical, PBS; Thomas Hischak The Oxford Companion to the American Musical, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, p.517
  16. ^ "Julie Andrews Recalls Making 'Mary Poppins'". YouTube. October 16, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  17. ^ "Mary Poppins She Wrote: The extraordinary life of Australian writer P.L. Travers". Google Books. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  18. ^ DVD extra
  19. ^ Source: Commentary on Mary Poppins on DVD
  20. ^ Robert J. Elisberg (March 30, 2010). "Super-Cali-Fragilistic-Expial-Atrocious". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  21. ^ "BBC NEWS – UK – Magazine – How not to do an American accent". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  22. ^ Staff writers (June 30, 2003). "Connery 'has worst film accent'". BBC News. Retrieved July 6, 2008.
  23. ^ "Dick Van Dyke Plays Not My Job". Wait Wait ... Don't Tell Me!. October 23, 2010.
  24. ^ Khomami, Nadia (July 21, 2017). "Dick Van Dyke sorry for 'atrocious cockney accent' in Mary Poppins". The Guardian. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  25. ^ a b Williams & Denney 2004, p. 281.
  26. ^ Vincent Dowd (September 12, 2014). "Mary Poppins songwriter 'thrilled' at Proms singalong". BBC. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
  27. ^ "Walt Disney's Mary Poppins (Original Cast Soundtrack)". Discogs. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  28. ^ Lawson 2013, p. 245.
  29. ^ Strecker, Erin (December 10, 2013). "'Mary Poppins' star talks 50th anniversary and 'Saving Mr. Banks'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  30. ^ a b Steinberg, Cobbett (1980). Film Facts. New York: Facts on File, Inc. p. 25. ISBN 0-87196-313-2.
  31. ^ "Mary Poppins (1964)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  32. ^ "Marry Poppins Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  33. ^ "Review: 'Mary Poppins'". Variety. December 31, 1963. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  34. ^ "Cinema: Have Umbrella, Will Travel". Time. September 18, 1964. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  35. ^ Casper 2011, p. 1881.
  36. ^ Variety "All Time Box-Office Champs", January 4, 1967 p. 9
  37. ^ "Big Rental Films of 1973", Variety, January 9, 1974 p 19
  38. ^ Caitlin Flanagan (December 19, 2005). "Becoming Mary Poppins". The New Yorker.
  39. ^ "All-Time Top Film Rentals". Variety. 1998. Accessed October 7, 1999
  40. ^ "The Ultimate Chart: 1–100". British Film Institute. 28 November 2004. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  41. ^ "Box Office Information for Mary Poppins". The Numbers. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Hillier & Pye 2011, p. 136.
  43. ^ When a film is released late in a calendar year (October–December), its income is reported in the following year's compendium, unless the film made a particularly fast impact (Steinberg, p. 17)
  44. ^ Williams & Denney 2004, p. 285.
  45. ^ "37th Academy Awards (1965) Nominations and Wins for Mary Poppins". oscars.org. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2014. Enter "Mary Poppins" in the 'Film Title' field and click 'Search'
  46. ^ "Browse Results". OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF THE GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  47. ^ "Past Winners Search". The GRAMMYs. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
  48. ^ "New York Film Critics Circle". freehostia.com. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
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  50. ^ "Writers Guild Awards". wga.org. Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
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  52. ^ Rosen, Mike; Hogan, Christopher (November 11, 2013). "Is Saving Mr. Banks the Movie Oscar Voters Have Been Waiting For?". VFHollywood. Condé Nast. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
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Bibliography

External links

Floral Magician Mary Bell

Floral Magician Mary Bell (花の魔法使いマリーベル, Hana no Mahōtsukai Marī Beru), or known as Magical Heroes in some countries, is the fourth and last magical girl anime by Ashi Productions. The fifty-episode series first aired in Japan from 1992 until 1993. It has also been broadcast in Hong Kong, South Korea, Italy, Taiwan, China, France, Poland, Thailand, and in most Arab countries. The series was adapted as a theatrical film and two educational films. The DVD version was released on March 20, 2004.

Hollywood Treasure

Hollywood Treasure is an American, reality television series that began airing on SyFy, October 27, 2010, which follows a Hollywood, California-based appraiser named Joe Maddalena and his team as they track down, appraise and help auction off valuable film, television, and pop culture memorabilia.

I Love to Laugh

"I Love to Laugh", also called "We Love to Laugh", is a song from Walt Disney's film Mary Poppins. It was composed by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman. The song is sung in the film by "Uncle Albert" (Ed Wynn), and "Bert" (Dick Van Dyke) as they levitate uncontrollably toward the ceiling, eventually joined by Mary Poppins (Julie Andrews) herself. The premise of the scene, that laughter and happiness cause Uncle Albert (and like-minded visitors) to float into the air, can be seen as a metaphor for the way laughter can "lighten" a mood. (Compare Peter Pan's flight power, which is also powered by happy thoughts.) Conversely, thinking of something sad literally brings Albert and his visitors "down to earth" again. The song states a case strongly in favor of laughter, even if Mary Poppins appears to disapprove of Uncle Albert's behavior, especially since it not only complicates the task of getting Albert down, but the infectious mood sends Bert and the Banks children into the air as well.A snippet of the song plays again near the end of the film when Mr. Dawes Sr. (Dick Van Dyke) starts laughing from the "wooden leg named Smith" joke, and starts floating around the boardroom. It is later stated by his son (Arthur Malet) that he died while laughing.The scene is based on the chapter "Laughing Gas" in the book Mary Poppins by P.L. Travers. In the book, Mary's Uncle Albert, also called Mr. Wigg, is said to float because of an excess of "laughing gas", although it is clear that the term is not used in the chemical sense. So-called "laughing gas" (nitrous oxide) was one of the earliest effective anaesthetics developed in the Nineteenth century. it was popularised by dentists, for pain-free tooth extractions, as well as by showground novelty booths. Customers at the booth would be gassed and, as they were recovering from the drugged sleep they often felt euphoric and giggly. Hence the name. A famous 1931 British comedy sketch starring Cicely Courtneidge, called "Laughing Gas", was based on this idea. A group of people meet, very seriously, to hear the reading of a will. However a large bottle of laughing gas has been placed just off-stage, and begins to leak. As the will is read, the listeners become increasingly hysterical, despite the obvious seriousness of the death-related situation, with obvious comic effects.This musical number also appears in the Sing-Along Songs series of Disney videos. Neither this song or Uncle Albert are featured in the stage musical version.

Kite

A kite is a tethered heavier-than-air craft with wing surfaces that react against the air to create lift and drag. A kite consists of wings, tethers and anchors. Kites often have a bridle and tail to guide the face of the kite so the wind can lift it. Some kite designs don’t need a bridle; box kites can have a single attachment point. A kite may have fixed or moving anchors that can balance the kite. One technical definition is that a kite is “a collection of tether-coupled wing sets“.The lift that sustains the kite in flight is generated when air moves around the kite's surface, producing low pressure above and high pressure below the wings. The interaction with the wind also generates horizontal drag along the direction of the wind. The resultant force vector from the lift and drag force components is opposed by the tension of one or more of the lines or tethers to which the kite is attached. The anchor point of the kite line may be static or moving (e.g., the towing of a kite by a running person, boat, free-falling anchors as in paragliders and fugitive parakites or vehicle).The same principles of fluid flow apply in liquids, so kites can be used in underwater currents, but there are no everyday uses as yet.Man-lifting kites were made for reconnaissance, entertainment and during development of the first practical aircraft, the biplane.

Kites have a long and varied history and many different types are flown individually and at festivals worldwide. Kites may be flown for recreation, art or other practical uses. Sport kites can be flown in aerial ballet, sometimes as part of a competition. Power kites are multi-line steerable kites designed to generate large forces which can be used to power activities such as kite surfing, kite landboarding, kite fishing, kite buggying and snow kiting.

Longest word in English

The identity of the longest word in English depends upon the definition of what constitutes a word in the English language, as well as how length should be compared. In addition to words derived naturally from the language's roots (without any known intentional invention), English allows new words to be formed by coinage and construction; place names may be considered words; technical terms may be arbitrarily long. Length may be understood in terms of orthography and number of written letters, or (less commonly) phonology and the number of phonemes.

Mary Poppins

Mary Poppins is a series of eight children's books written by Australian-British writer P. L. Travers and published over the period 1934 to 1988. Mary Shepard was the illustrator throughout the series.The books centre on the magical English nanny Mary Poppins, who is blown by the East wind to Number 17 Cherry Tree Lane, London, and into the Banks' household to care for their children. Encounters with pavement-painters and shopkeepers, and various adventures ensue, until Mary Poppins abruptly leaves—i.e., "pops out". Only the first three of the eight books feature Mary Poppins arriving and leaving. The later five books recount previously unrecorded adventures from her original three visits. As Travers explains in her introduction to Mary Poppins in the Park, "She cannot forever arrive and depart."The books were adapted by Walt Disney into a musical film titled Mary Poppins (1964), starring Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke. The film Saving Mr. Banks (2013) depicted the making of the 1964 film. Disney’s sequel to the 1964 film, Mary Poppins Returns, was released in 2018, and stars Emily Blunt as Poppins.

In 2004, Disney Theatrical in collaboration with Sir Cameron Mackintosh (who had previously acquired the stage rights from Travers) produced a stage musical also called Mary Poppins in London's West End theatre. The stage musical was transferred to Broadway, in New York, in 2006, where it ran until its closing on 3 March 2013.

Mary Poppins (disambiguation)

Mary Poppins is a series of children's books written by P.L. Travers.

Mary Poppins may also refer to:

Arts, entertainment, and mediaMary Poppins (character), a fictional nanny and the main character in the eponymous series

Mary Poppins (novel), the original 1934 children's fantasy novel that introduced the character

Mary Poppins (film), a 1964 Disney film starring Julie Andrews, based on the books

Mary Poppins (soundtrack), 1964 soundtrack album for the 1964 film

Mary Poppins, Goodbye (1983), a Soviet musical film released by Mosfilm

Mary Poppins (musical), a 2004 British stage musical based on the books and film

Mary Poppins (song), a song sung by four penguins in Robert J. Sherman's 2015 stage musical, Love Birds

Mary Poppins Returns, a 2018 film starring Emily Blunt, also based on the books

Mary Poppins Returns (soundtrack), 2018 soundtrack album for the 2018 filmOther usesMary Poppins, or MAPO (US patent 3,973,746), the moving blocklight system that maintains spacing on Disney World monorail trains

Mary Poppins (musical)

Mary Poppins is a musical with music and lyrics by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman (the Sherman Brothers) and additional music and lyrics by George Stiles and Anthony Drewe, and a script by Julian Fellowes. The musical is based on the similarly titled Mary Poppins children's books by P. L. Travers and the 1964 Disney film, and is a fusion of various elements from the two, including songs from the film.

Produced by Cameron Mackintosh and Walt Disney Theatrical and directed by Richard Eyre with co-direction from Matthew Bourne who also acted as co-choreographer with Stephen Mear, the original West End production opened in December 2004 and won two Olivier Awards, one for Best Actress in a Musical and the other for Best Theatre Choreography. A Broadway production with a near-identical creative team opened in November 2006, with only minor changes from the West End version. It received seven Tony Award nominations, including Best Musical, and won for Best Scenic Design. The original Broadway production closed in March 2013, after 2,619 performances. Touring productions followed.

The musical has become a popular choice for schools and community theatres to produce.

Mary Poppins 2

Mary Poppins 2 may refer to:

Mary Poppins Comes Back (1935 novel) children's novel by P.L.Travers, second book in the Mary Poppins novel series

Mary Poppins Returns (2018 film) children's musical film by Walt Disney Studios, second film in the Mary Poppins film series

Emily Blunt, actress from Mary Poppins Returns, who replaced Julie Andrews as the titular character

Mary Poppins Returns

Mary Poppins Returns is a 2018 American musical fantasy film directed by Rob Marshall, with a screenplay written by David Magee and a story by Magee, Marshall, and John DeLuca. Based on the book series Mary Poppins by P. L. Travers, the film is a sequel to the 1964 film Mary Poppins, and stars Emily Blunt as the eponymous character with Lin-Manuel Miranda, Ben Whishaw, Emily Mortimer, Julie Walters, Dick Van Dyke, Angela Lansbury, Colin Firth, and Meryl Streep in supporting roles. Set in 1930s London, twenty-five years after the events of the original film, the film sees Mary Poppins, the former nanny of Jane and Michael Banks, returning one year later after a family tragedy.

Walt Disney Pictures announced the film in September 2015. Marshall was hired later that month, and Blunt and Miranda were cast in February 2016. Principal photography lasted from February to July 2017, and took place at Shepperton Studios in Surrey, England. Mary Poppins Returns held its world premiere at the Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles on November 29, 2018, and was released in the United States on December 19, 2018, making it one of the longest gaps between film sequels in cinematic history at 54 years.The film has grossed over $336 million worldwide and received generally positive reviews from critics, who praised its acting (particularly Blunt's performance), direction, musical score, musical numbers, costume design, production values, visuals, and sense of nostalgia, although some critics found it derivative of its predecessor. It was chosen by both the National Board of Review and American Film Institute as one of the top ten films of 2018 and received numerous award nominations, including four at the 76th Golden Globe Awards (including for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy), nine at the 24th Critics' Choice Awards, three at the 72nd British Academy Film Awards, and a SAG Award nomination for Blunt at the 25th Screen Actors Guild Awards. It also received four Academy Award nominations for Best Original Score, Best Original Song ("The Place Where Lost Things Go"), Best Production Design, and Best Costume Design at the 91st Academy Awards.

Marshall has confirmed that a potential third Mary Poppins film with Blunt is in development as he stated that P. L. Travers wrote eight books in total with plenty more material to mine.

P. L. Travers

Pamela Lyndon Travers, (; born Helen Lyndon Goff; 9 August 1899 – 23 April 1996) was an Australian-English writer who spent most of her career in England. She is best known for the Mary Poppins series of children's books, which feature the magical nanny Mary Poppins.

Goff was born in Maryborough, Queensland, and grew up in the Australian bush before being sent to boarding school in Sydney. Her writing was first published as a teenager, and she also worked briefly as a professional Shakespearean actress. Upon emigrating to England at the age of 25, she took the name Pamela Lyndon Travers and adopted the pen name P. L. Travers in 1933, while writing the first of eight Mary Poppins books.

Travers travelled to New York City during World War II while working for the British Ministry of Information. At that time, Walt Disney contacted her about selling to Walt Disney Productions the rights for a film adaptation of Mary Poppins. After years of contact, which included visits to Travers at her home in London, Walt Disney did obtain the rights and the film Mary Poppins premiered in 1964. In 2004, a stage musical adaptation of the books and the film opened in the West End; it premiered on Broadway in 2006. A film based on Disney's efforts to persuade Travers to sell him the Mary Poppins film rights was released in 2013, Saving Mr. Banks, in which Travers is portrayed by Emma Thompson.

Sherman Brothers

The Sherman Brothers were an American songwriting duo that specialized in musical films, made up of Robert B. Sherman (December 19, 1925 – March 6, 2012) and Richard M. Sherman (born June 12, 1928).

The Sherman Brothers wrote more motion-picture musical song scores than any other songwriting team in film history. Film scores of the Sherman Brothers include Mary Poppins, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, The Jungle Book (except “The Bare Necessities”), Bedknobs and Broomsticks, Charlotte's Web and The Aristocats. Their most well known work, however, remains the theme park song "It's a Small World (After All)". According to Time.com, this song is the most performed song of all time.

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